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REPAIR MANUAL ISSUED............... DEC.

2006
REVISED ............

ELECTRONIC TOTAL STATION

GTS-100NSERIES

TOPCON CORPORATION

Printed in Japan
NOTICE
This document contains proprietary and confidential information of
Topcon Corporation, and its description is protected under copyright
law and international conventions.
Any unauthorized use, duplication, reproduction, modification,
disclosure, distribution or transfer of any part of this document is
strictly prohibited.

Copyright 2006 Topcon Corporation, All rights reserved.


CONTENTS

Page
1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 1-1
1-1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 1-1
1-2 How to Use This Manual ............................................................................................................ 1-2

2. PRODUCT OUTLINE ................................................................................................................... 2-1


2-1 Nomenclature .............................................................................................................................. 2-1
2-2 Display ........................................................................................................................................ 2-3
2-3 Operating Key ............................................................................................................................. 2-4
2-4 Function Key (Soft Key) ............................................................................................................. 2-5
2-5 Star key mode ............................................................................................................................. 2-6
2-6 Serial signal RS-232C connector ................................................................................................ 2-8

3. PRINCIPLE ..................................................................................................................................... 3-1


3-1 Principle of Angular Measurement ............................................................................................. 3-1
3-2 Principle of Distance Measurement ............................................................................................ 3-4

4. ERROR CODE TABLE ................................................................................................................ 4-1

5. DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE ................................................................................................. 5-1


5-1 Instrument Disassembly Procedure ............................................................................................ 5-1
5-2 Telescope (EDM) Disassembly Procedure ................................................................................. 5-15

6. TROUBLE SHOOTING ............................................................................................................... 6-1


6-1 Trouble Shooting Flow Chart ..................................................................................................... 6-1
6-2 Trouble Shooting of Angular Measurement Problem Unit ........................................................ 6-15

7. EACH UNIT REPLACEMENT PROCEDURE ..................................................................... 7-1


7-1 Angular Measurement System Unit Replacement Procedure ..................................................... 7-1
7-2 EDM System Unit Replacement Procedure ................................................................................ 7-3
7-3 Other Units Replacement Procedure ........................................................................................... 7-4

8. REPAIR OUTLINE ........................................................................................................................ 8-1


8-1 Repair Outline ............................................................................................................................. 8-1
8-2 Factory Mode .............................................................................................................................. 8-2
8-3 Setting Mode 1 ............................................................................................................................ 8-30
8-4 Selecting Mode ........................................................................................................................... 8-35

9. ANGULAR MEASUREMENT READING SYSTEM REPAIRS ....................................... 9-1


9-1 How to Use the Angular Measurement System Unit Positioning Tools .................................... 9-1
9-2 Angular Measurement System Unit Installation Adjustment ..................................................... 9-7
9-3 Horizontal Angle Round Rotation Check ................................................................................... 9-20

10. PLATE SYSTEM REPAIRS ..................................................................................................... 10-1


10-1 Nomenclature .............................................................................................................................. 10-1
10-2 Angular Measurement Digital System Repairs .......................................................................... 10-2
10-3 Setting of Integral Time .............................................................................................................. 10-4
11. TELESCOPE (EDM) SYSTEM REPAIRS ........................................................................... 11-1
11-1 Nomenclature .............................................................................................................................. 11-2
11-2 Unit Nomenclature and Functions .............................................................................................. 11-3
11-3 Preparation for General Adjustment ........................................................................................... 11-4
11-4 Setting of APD Bias .................................................................................................................... 11-5
11-5 Reference Output Adjustment .................................................................................................... 11-6
11-6 How to Check Chopper/Circular Operation ............................................................................... 11-8
11-7 Telemeter Optical Axis and EDM Optical Axis Adjustment ..................................................... 11-10

12. UPLOAD OF SOFTWARES .................................................................................................... 12-1


12-1 Check of Software Version ......................................................................................................... 12-2
12-2 Upload of Softwares ................................................................................................................... 12-4

13. ADJUSTING MODE ................................................................................................................... 13-1


13-1 Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum ...................................................................................... 13-1
13-2 How to Set the Instrument Constant Value ................................................................................ 13-2
13-3 Reference frequency check mode ............................................................................................... 13-3

14. REPAIR TOOL LIST .................................................................................................................. 14-1

15. ADHESIVES AND LUBRICANTS ......................................................................................... 15-1


15-1 Adhesives and Application Locations ........................................................................................ 15-1
15-2 Lubricants and Application Locations ........................................................................................ 15-2

16. SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................................................... 16-1

APPENDIX .............................................................................................................................APPENDIX-1
APPENDIX1 Inspection Procedure ..................................................................................APPENDIX-1
APPENDIX1-1 Theodolite System Accuracy Inspection ...............................................APPENDIX-2
APPENDIX1-2 Telescope (EDM) System Accuracy Inspection ...................................APPENDIX-5
APPENDIX2 Precaution When Charging or Storing Batteries ........................................APPENDIX-8
APPENDIX2-1 Recharging ............................................................................................APPENDIX-8
APPENDIX2-2 Discharge ...............................................................................................APPENDIX-8
APPENDIX2-3 Storage ...................................................................................................APPENDIX-9
1. INTRODUCTION
1-1 Introduction
The GTS-100N series is the electronic total station of the Topcon Green Label brand.

1-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


1-2 How to Use This Manual
This manual describes the following points.
1) Replacement of parts :
The parts must be replaced by units (electrical, mechanical and optical units).
2) Replacement procedure of parts :
Necessary disassembly procedures and adjustments after replacement are shown with illustrations and
flow charts.

Don't perform repairs with other parts, units or methods (procedures, tools or others) except those mentioned
in the manual and parts list. An unallowable repair not only hinders a normal repair work but also causes
another trouble.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 1-2


2. PRODUCT OUTLINE
2-1 Nomenclature

Handle locking screw

Objective lens

Instrument
center mark

Optical plummet
Display unit telescope

Serial signal connector

Circular level

Adjustment screw
for circular level
Leveling screw

Tribrach fixing lever Base

2-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Sighting collimator

Battery locking lever


Telescope focusing knob

On-board battery
Telescope grip
BT-G1

Telescope eyepiece

Instrument
center mark
Vertical motion clamp

Vertical tangent screw


Horizontal
tangent screw
Plate level

Horizontal
Display unit motion clamp

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 2-2


2-2 Display
Display
The display uses a dot matrix LCD which has 4 lines and 20 characters per line. In general, the upper three
lines display measured data, and the button line displays the soft key function which changes with the mea-
suring mode.
Contrast and Illumination
The contrast and illumination of diplay window are adjusted, see Chapter 6 SPECIAL MODE (Menu
Mode) or section 1.5 Star key mode.
Heater (Automatic)
The built-in automatic heater functions when the temperature is below 0C. This keeps the displays speed
up at temperatures lower than 0C. To set the heater ON/OFF, see section 6.4.6 Heater ON/OFF. The
operating time will become short if a heater is used.
Example

V : 9010'20" HR: 12030'40"


HR: 12030'40" HD* 65.432 m
VD: 12.345 m
OSET HOLD HSET P1 MEAS MODE S/A P1
Angle measurement mode Distance measurement mode

V-angle : 9010'20" Horizontal-angle : 12030'40"


H-angle : 12030'40" Horizontal distance : 65.432m
Relative elevation : 12.345m

Feet unit Feet and inch unit


HR: 12030'40" HR: 12030'40"
HD* 123.45 f HD* 123.04.6f
VD: 12.34 f VD: 12.03.4f
MEAS MODE S/A P1 MEAS MODE S/A P1
Horizontal-angle : 12030'40" Horizontal-angle : 12030'40"
Horizontal distance : 123.45ft Horizontal distance : 123ft4in6/8in
Relative elevation : 12.34ft Relative elevation : 12ft3in4/8in

Display marks
Display Contents Display Content
V V-angle * EDM working
HR H-angle right m Meter unit
HL H-angle left f Feet and inch unit
HD Horizontal distance
VD Relative elevation
SD Slope distance
N N coordinate
E E coordinate
Z Z coordinate

2-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2-3 Operating Key

POWER MENU

ABC DEF GHI


7 8 9
JKL MNO PQR ANG
4 5 6
STU VWX YZ+ ESC
1 2 3
# ENT
F1 F2 F3 F4 0 . -

Alphanumeric characters key

Keys Name of Key Function


Star key Star key mode is used for each presetting or displaying as follows.
1 Contrast of the display 2 Reticle illumination 3 Back Light
4 Tilt correction 5 Point guide (Only for point guide model)
6 Set audio mode
Coordinate meas. key Coordinate measurement mode

Distance meas. key Distance measurement mode.

ANG Angle meas. key Angle measurement mode

POWER Power source key ON/OFF of power source


MENU Menu key Switches menu mode and normal mode. To set application mea-
surements and adjust in the menu mode.
ESC Escape key Returning to the measurement mode or previous layer mode from
the mode set.
To be DATA COLLECTION mode or LAYOUT mode directly
from the normal measurement mode.
It is also possible to use as Record key in normal measurement
mode.
To select function of Escape key, see Chapter 16 SELECT-
ING MODE
ENT Enter key Press at the end of inputting values.

F1~F4 Soft key (Function key) Responds to the message displayed.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 2-4


2-4 Function Key (Soft Key)
The Soft Key message is displayed at the bottom line of display. The functions are according to the dis-
played message.
Angle measurement mode Distance measurement mode
V : 9010'20" HR: 12030'40"
HR: 12030'40"
HR: 12030'40" HD*
HR: [r] <<m
12030'40"
HD* 123.45 f VD:
HD* 123.45 f m
OSETHR:
HOLD12030'40"
HSET P1 MEAS
VD:
HD* 12.34
123.45f f VD: MODE12.34
S/A f P1
TILT
VD: REP 12.34 f P2
V% OFSET S.O m/f/i P2
H-BZ R/L CMPS P3
Coordinates measurement mode
N: 123.456 m
[F1] [F2] [F3] [F4] E:HR: 34.567 m
12030'40"
Z:HD* 78.912 m f
123.45
MEASHR:
MODE12030'40"
S/A f P1
VD:
HD* 12.34
123.45 f
R.HT
VD: INSHT OCC f P2
12.34
Soft keys
OFSET --- m/f/i P3

Angle measurement
page Soft key Display mark Function
F1 0SET Angle of Horizontal is set to 000'00"
F2 HOLD Hold the horizontal angle
1
F3 HSET Sets a required horizontal angle by entering numerals.
F4 P1 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P2).
Setting Tilt Correction
F1 TILT
If ON, the display shows tilt correction value.
2 F2 REP Repetition angle measurement mode
F3 V% Vertical angle percent grade (%) mode
F4 P2 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P3).
F1 H-BZ Sets the buzzer sound for every horizontal angle 90
F2 R/L Switches R/L rotation of horizontal angle.
3
F3 CMPS Switches the COMPASS ON/OFF of vertical angle.
F4 P3 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P1).

Distance measurement mode


page Soft key Display mark Function
F1 MEAS Start measuring
F2 MODE Sets a measuring mode, Fine/Coarse/Tracking
1
F3 S/A Select set audio mode
F4 P1 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P2).
F1 OFSET Select Off-set measurement mode
F2 S.O Select stake out measurement mode
2
F3 m/f/i Switches meter, feet or feet and inch unit.
F4 P2 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P1).

2-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Coordinate measurement mode
page Soft key Display mark Function
F1 MEAS Start measuring
F2 MODE Stes a measuring mode, Fine/Coarse/Tracking
1
F3 S/A Select set audio mode
F4 P1 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P2).
F1 R.HT Sets a prism height by input values.
F2 INSHT Sets an instrument height by input values.
2
F3 OCC Sets an instrument coordinate point by input values.
F4 P2 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P3).
F1 OFSET Select Off-set measurement mode
3 F3 m/f/i Switches meter, feet or feet and inch unit.
F4 P3 The function of soft keys is shown on next page (P1).

2-5 Star key mode


Press the ( ) key to view the instrument options.
The following instrument options can be selected from the ( ):
1. Adjustment the contrast of the diaplay (0 to 9 steps) [ ]
2. Adjustment the reticle illumination (1 to 9 steps) [ or ]
3. Turn the backlight of the display ON/OFF [F1]
4. Setting Tilt Correction [F2]
5. S/A (set audio) mode [F4]
Note: Star key mode does not function when the same function as the function assigned to the star key
mode is performed from the main routine.

V : 7742'30" V : 7742'30"
HR: 12030'40" HR: 12030'40"
Press the star ( ) key.
OSET HOLD HSET P1 OSET HOLD HSET P1

Key Display mark Function

F1 Turn the backlight of the display ON/OFF


Setting Tilt Correction
F2
If ON, the display shows tilt correcton value.
The light acceptance quantity level for the EDM (SIGNAL), the atmospheric
F4 correction value (PPM) and correction value of prism constant (PSM) are dis-
played.

or Adjust the contrast of the display (0 to 9 setps)

Adjust the Reticle Illumination (1 to 9 steps)


or
ON/OFF of the reticle illumination is linked with ON/OFF of the backlight.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 2-6


Adjustment the contrast (0 to 9 ) of the display
This enable you to adjust the contrast of the display.
Press the up or down arrow keys to adjust the contrast.
Adjustment the reticle illumination (1 to 9 )
This enable you to adjust the reticle illumination.
Turn the display back light ON/OFF
To turn the back light ON, press the [F1] key. Press [F1] again to turn the back light OFF.
Tilt correction
The tilt setting mode performed here will not be memorized after powering OFF. To set TILT correction in
the initialized setting ( it is memorized after powering OFF), see Section 6.4.3 Vertical and Horizontal
Angle Tilt correction ( Tilt ON/OFF).
Set audio mode
The light acceptance quantity level (Signal level) is displayed in this mode.
When reflected light from the prism is received, a buzzer sounds. This function is good for easy collimation
when the target is difficult to find.
Press the [F4] key to view the set audio screen.
(1) To stop the buzzer, refer to Chapter 16 SELECTING MODE.
(2) Also, it is possible to display the signal level in Distance Measuring Mode.
The temperature, pressure, PPM, and PSM can be viewed in set audio mode.
Refer to Chapter 10 SET AUDIO MODE, Chapter 11 SETTING THE PRISM CONSTANT VALUE
and Chapter 12 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION , for further instructions.

2-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2-6 Serial signal RS-232C connector
The serial signal connector is used for connecting the GTS-100N series with a computer or TOPCON Data
Collector, which enables the computer to receive measured data from the GTS-100N series or to send pre-
set data of horizontal angle, etc. to it.

The following data will be output at each mode.


Mode Output
Angle mode ( V, HR or HL) V, HR (or HL)
Horizontal distance mode (HR, HD, VD) V, HR, HD, VD
Slope distance mode (V, HR, SD) V, HR, SD, HD
Coordinate mode N, E, Z, HR (or V, HR, SD, N, E, Z)

The display and the output at the coarse mode are the same as the contents above.
Output at the tracking mode is displayed as distance data only.

The details necessary for the connection with the GTS-100N Series are obtained from its Interface Manual
which is optionally available. Please refer to the manual.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 2-8


3. PRINCIPLE
3-1 Principle of Angular Measurement
(1) Principle
The pattern of the scale is divided into 1260 lines of equal pitch. The line width of the signal "R" is stable.
The line width of the signals "A", "B" and "C" is modulated according to the different cycles. (Fig. 1)
The signals are arranged in the order of "R" , "A", "B" and "C". When the pattern of the scale is projected,
the waveform is generated on the CCD. (Fig. 2) Obtain an integral value by every four waveform lines and
find out the line whose change is the smallest. It is "R" because the "R" width is stable. When you have found
out "R", the next is "A" and then "B" and "C" . Therefore the frequency of "A", "B" and "C" can be obtained.
(Fig. 3)
First, carry out Fourier transformation (DFT) for the equal-pitch signals to execute the accurate calculation of
1 pitch (1028 seconds) or less. Secondly, arrange the waveforms of the frequency for the "A", "B" and "C", obtain
each phase and, by combining the phases, obtain the angle of the block including "A", "B" and "C". Thirdly, obtain
the angle of the pitch unit by using the kind of the pattern including the reference position. Finally, combine
the accurate and rough calculations and arrange the digits to obtain the angular measurement value.

CCD

Scale
LED
LED
CCD
Mirror Scale

(V)-angular measurement reading unit (H)-angular measurement reading unit

3-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 3-2
Display Unit
(Reverse) EDM

Angle
Measurement
Unit H1

Internal Battery Angle


Ni-MH CPU Unit Measurement
2300mAh Unit H2

Power supply

3-3
(3.3V, 5V) V-CCD Unit
CPU
(2) Angular measurement electrical system block diagram

External
G. A
communication Unit
Memory

Tilt Unit

Display Unit
(Normal)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


3-2 Principle of Distance Measurement
(1) Principle
Light is emitted to the corner cubes placed on the ground being measured. The amount of the light delay
between the instrument and corner cube can be measured from the reflected light and this value is converted
to distance.
Topcon EDMs modulate light at the four frequencies of 30MHz, 1.8MHz, 117kHz and 113kHz so that dis-
tances of up to several kilometers can be measured accurately and displayed. The processes are as follows.
1 One of the four frequencies (30MHz, 1.8MHz, 117kHz and 113kHz) is selected by the control signal from

the CPU and the modulated light is emitted by the LED.


2 The light is reflected by the corner cube and returns.
3 The returned light undergoes the following in the amplifier.

Amplification: the signal is enhanced.


Mixed wave detection: the frequency component is made 3.6kHz.
Waveform rectification: the light is made into the frequency measurement signal.
4 A/D conversion is done for the measurement signal obtained by 3 and it is changed into the distance data

by the microcomputer.
5 Perform the procedures 1 to 4 at each of the frequencies, 30MHz, 1.8MHz, 117kHz and 113kHz. The

"C" mark of the indicator moves to indicate the status.


6 The CPU combines the results from each of the frequencies and displays the distance.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 3-4


AMP

MIXER

Receiving
Diode Pre-AMP AMP Rx

A/D CPU UNIT

Tx

Motor
Gear
Circular
GATE

3-5
VCXO
(2) Distance measurement electrical system block diagram

Chopper XTAL2

Motor Gate array CPU

(IC2) (IC1)

TCXO
XTAL1

Emitting
Diode
Emitting Diode
Driver GATE

D-OSC

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


4. ERROR CODE TABLE
(1) Error codes

Display Description Countermeasure Ref.


Page
Tilt Over When the inclination of the Level the instrument correctly. If this error is 6-5
instrument exceeds the automatic still displayed, the probable causes are as fol-
correction range lows :
1. Tilt offset is deviated.
2. Tilt installation error is excessive.
Carry out repair according to the instructions
in the right page.
V ANGLE When the angular measurement This error is displayed when the instrument or 6-6
ERROR system is abnormal telescope rotates too fast but it is not trouble.
H ANGLE If this error is constantly displayed, check the
ERROR details of error code with the factory mode
VH ANGLE and take the repair method of the error code.
ERROR
E35 When REM (remote elevation Check without 6 from zenith or nadir and, if 6-7
measurement) is done within the error message is not displayed, there is no
6 from zenith or nadir problem.
E61 EDM EEPROM error has Replace D-OSC. 6-8
occurred. When EEPROM on D-
OSC is abnormal, this error is dis-
played.
E66 Instrument constant L1/L2/L3 Perform measurement (input the instrument 6-8
setting error has occurred. When constant) again. If the problem is not solved
an abnormal value is input for the yet, replace D-OSC.
instrument constant in factory
mode (P. 8-16), this error is dis-
played.
E68 Chopper operation error has Connect the tool and check the chopper opera- 6-9
occurred. When chopper does not tion. Then, replace EDM Base or D-OSC
operate, this error is displayed. unit.
E69 When a command is sent and Probable causes are as follows: Cable is 6-10
EDM does not respond within 1 faulty, cable is not arranged correctly, connec-
second, this error is displayed. tor is faulty, slip ring is faulty, slip ring brush
is in contact, or there is a problem around the
EDM power supply or CPU unit. Locate the
trouble place and replace the unit.
E71 When the vertical angle zero Check the procedure and readjust. 6-11
point is adjusted in a wrong pro-
cedure, this error is displayed.
E72 When the vertical angle zero Start the adjustment from the first again. 6-11
point is sharply deviated in its If the error message is still displayed, the scale
adjustment, this error is dis- installation position may be 5 or more.
played. Carry out repair according to the instructions
in the right page.
E73 During the vertical angle zero Level the instrument again and readjust. In 6-11
point adjustment, when the instru- vertical angle zero point adjustment, level the
ment is not leveled or when the instrument within 2'. If the error message is
vertical/horizontal angle correc- still displayed, check the tilt offset/tilt installa-
tion device malfunctions, this tion adjustment.
error is displayed.

4-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Display Description Countermeasure Ref.
Page
E81 When the angle unit of the instru- Fit the units each other. 6-12
ment (DEG, GON, MIL) is differ-
ent from the angle unit set in
communication, this error is dis-
played.
E82 While the ACK mode is set at Check the following points: Parameter setting, 6-13
"standard", the instrument outputs software at PC side, cable, wiring/contact
data but the external devices such around 6PIN connector and wiring/contact
as FC, PC, etc. do not send ACK around slip ring. Carry out repair according to
within the regular time. Under the instructions in the right page.
this condition, when data is sent
ten times but ACK is not received,
this error is displayed.
E92 When tilt offset is not set within Install tilt to set the tilt offset within 2'. 6-14
2' in factory mode, this error is
displayed.
E99 Non-volatile memory error Perform initialization. If this error is still dis- 6-14
played, replace the CPU unit.
E600 Gate array error has occurred. Replace the angular CPU unit (PCB31). 6-6
Gate array on the CPU unit mal-
functions.
E621~E624 CCD integral time "Low" error Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
has occurred. When light is accu- 1. CCD unit
mulated into CCD in a too short 2. LED unit (only for V)
time, this error message is dis- 3. CPU unit
played. Replace the unit.
E631~E634 CCD integral time "High" error Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
has occurred. When light is accu- 1. CCD unit
mulated into CCD in a too long 2. LED unit (only for V)
time, this error message is dis- 3. CPU unit
played. Replace the unit.
E641~E644 Pattern pitch error has occurred. Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
When the pattern pitch accumu- 1. Set values for CPU unit are abnormal.
lated in CCD is out of standard, 2. CCD unit
this error message is displayed. 3. Scale (soil and damage)
Adjust the factory mode or replace the unit.
E681~E684 LED_PWM_High error has Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
occurred. When light intensity 1. LED unit (only for V)
accumulated in CCD is excessive, 2. CCD unit
this error message is displayed. 3. CPU unit
Replace the unit.
E691~E694 LED_PWM_Low error has Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
occurred. When light intensity 1. LED unit (only for V)
accumulated in CCD is insuffi- 2. CCD unit
cient, this error message is dis- 3. CPU unit
played. Replace the unit.
E731~E734 CCD pattern contrast error has Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
occurred. When trouble has 1. Scale (soil and damage)
occurred frequently in the CCD 2. CCD unit
waveform (RABC pattern), this 3. CPU unit
error is displayed. Replace the unit.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 4-2


Display Description Countermeasure Ref.
Page
E741~E744 A_Phase error has occurred. Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
When the A pattern phase is 1. Scale (soil and damage)
abnormal, this error is displayed. 2. CCD unit
3. CPU unit
Replace the unit.
E751~E754 B_Phase error has occurred. Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
When the B pattern phase is 1. Scale (soil and damage)
abnormal, this error is displayed. 2. CCD unit
3. CPU unit
Replace the unit.
E761~E764 C_Phase error has occurred. Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
When the C pattern phase is 1. Scale (soil and damage)
abnormal, this error is displayed. 2. CCD unit
3. CPU unit
Replace the unit.
E771~E774 Angle calculation error has Probable causes are as follows: 6-6
occurred. When data of the angu- 1. CCD unit is faulty. (Installed position)
lar measurement CCD unit is 2. CPU unit
abnormal, this error is displayed. 3. Scale (soil and damage)
Replace the unit.
FILE The file with the same name Check the file name and input it again. -----
EXISTS exists.
FULL FILES Files have already been made up Reduce the file quantity by deleting the -----
to maximum quantity (30) and unnecessary file, etc.
more files cannot be made.
FILE NOT When file data is necessary, a file Select a file and execute the procedure again. -----
SELECTED to be used is not selected.
PT# DOES The input point name does not Check the point name and input it again. -----
NOT EXIST exist in the internal coordinate
data.
CALC When setting a direction angle, Check the point name and input it again. -----
ERROR the input rear view point coordi- When setting a new point, perform measure-
nate is the same as the instru- ment again.
ment constant coordinate
When the layout mode is exe-
cuted, the input layout coordi-
nate is the same as the
instrument constant coordinate
When setting a new point, its
coordinate cannot be calculated
because of wrong measurement,
etc.
PT# EXIST When setting a new point name, Select another point name and store it. -----
the same point name already
exists in the internal coordinate
data.
LIMIT A numerical value out of the Check the value and input it again. -----
OVER range has been input. Perform measurement again.
When setting a new point, its
coordinate cannot be calculated
because of wrong measurement,
etc.

4-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Display Description Countermeasure Ref.
Page
NO FILE In data search, when the first or When the first data is displayed and the [ ] -----
last data is displayed, you tried key is pressed, the next data is displayed.
to search data by pressing the When the last data is displayed and the [ ]
[ ] or [ ] key. key is pressed, the preceding data is dis-
When data search is done for played.
the specified point name, the Check the specified point name and search
name does not exist in the inter- data again.
nal coordinate data. Check the specified file name and input it
The specified file name does again.
not exist in the internal memory.
MEMORY Trouble has occurred in the Initialize the internal memory and then use it. -----
ERROR instrument internal memory.
MEMORY When trying to input the coordi- Check the memory capacity and then use it. -----
POOR nate data manually or when trying
to store a newly-set point coordi-
nate data, the stored coordinate
data exceeds the memory capac-
ity.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 4-4


5. DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE Note
5-1 Instrument Disassembly Procedure Torque is shown by SI unit (Ncm).
When using a torque screwdriver,
: Indicates the direction of moving or removing. be careful about the unit.
: Indicates a part that should be removed for disassembly.

Procedure Illustration

Loosen the handle screw and then remove the


handle unit.
Handle Removal

As pushing down the battery locking lever,


remove the internal battery.
Internal Battery Removal

Remove the 5 screws.


Notes:
1 The waterproof Teflon washer is attached
to all the screws.
2 When assembling, tighten the screws with
Left Cover Removal

torque of 20Ncm (2kgfcm).

5-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Use tweezers to disconnect the 9 connectors.

Remove the 4 screws.


CPU Unit Removal

Use tweezers to disconnect the connector from


the rear of the CPU unit.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 5-2


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 8 screws.


Notes:
1 The waterproof Teflon washer is attached
to all the screws.
2 When assembling, tighten all the screws
Right Cover Removal

with torque of 20Ncm (2kgfcm).

Remove the 4 screws.


Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 15Ncm (1.5kgfcm).
(Tighten them with the same torque for
the reverse display unit.)
Display Unit Removal

Remove the clamp of the connector on the rear of


the display unit and then remove the flexible
cable.
(Take the same procedure for the reverse display
unit.)

5-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 4 screws.


Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 15Ncm (1.5kgfcm).
(Tighten them with the same torque for
the reverse display unit.)
Base Removal

Pull out the flexible cable from the base and fer-
rite core.

Remove the 2 screws and then pull out the opti-


cal plummet telescope.
Optical Plummet Telescope Removal

Note: When assembling, be careful about the


places where the V screw and U screw
should be used.

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the 2 screws with a hexagonal wrench


(M2.5).
Notes:
1 Washers are set at the end faces of the tilt
unit and standard.
Tilt Unit Removal

2 When installing the tilt unit, tighten the


screws with torque of 90Ncm (9kgfcm).
Tool to be used: ST-BA-06

Remove the 2 screws.


Note: When removing, be careful not to bend
the brush.
V Brush Unit Removal

Remove the 2 screws.


Angle Measurement LED Unit (V) Removal

5-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Use a hexagonal wrench (M1.5) to remove the


Vertical Tangent Adjusting Unit Removal

screw.

Use a flexible wrench (ST-TK-17) to remove the


metal fastener.
Vertical Clamp Unit Removal

Remove the vertical clamp unit.


Note: When removing, be careful about the
middle, right and left pads.

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Procedure Illustration

Use tweezers to disconnect the cables from the


5-pin connector.

Float this part lightly and then disconnect the cables.


If the cables are removed forcedly, the connector
and cables are damaged.

Orange White
Black Blue
Red
5-pin cable arrangement

Remove the 3 screws and then pull out the V slip


ring unit.
V Slip Ring Unit Removal

5-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Use tweezers to remove the spacer.


Note: When you try to remove the spacer, it is
difficult because the screw lock is
applied. Dissolve the screw lock with a
solvent.
Spacer Removal

Remove the 3 screws.


Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 70Ncm (7kgfcm).
Left Horizontal Axis Removal

Loosen the 3 left metal mounting screws through


the hole of the left horizontal axis.
Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 90Ncm (9kgfcm).

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the left horizontal axis.


Notes:
1 When installing, the triangular mark of
Left Horizontal Axis Removal

scale must be at the lower side with the


telescope objective lens at the left.
2 When installing, the position mark (2)
(following illustration) of the left metal
must be at the lower side.
Left metal

Position mark (2) Triangular mark Position mark (2)

Remove the 3 screws.


Notes:
1 The installation mark is put on the right
Right Horizontal Axis Removal

horizontal axis. When installing, this


mark must be at the objective lens side.

Object lens side

Installation mark Right horizontal axis

2 When installing, torque is 90Ncm


(9kgfcm).

Remove the 4 screws.


Note: When installing, torque is 90Ncm
(9kgfcm).
Right Metal Removal

5-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Lift up the telescope (EDM) unit to remove it.


Telescope (EDM) Removal

Loosen the tangent cylinder and remove the piston.


Note: Using a wide screwdriver, remove the
piston not to damage the slotted groove.
Horizontal Tangent Adjusting Unit Removal

Use a hexagonal wrench (M1.5) to loosen the 2


screws.

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the 2 screws and then remove the center


cover.
Note: When assembling, apply grease (SH-
33M) evenly to the whole rear of center
Center Cover Removal

cover.

Use a hexagonal wrench (M4) to remove the 3


screws.
Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 400Ncm (40kgfcm).
Standard Removal

Lift up the standard to remove it.

5-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 2 screws.


CCD Holder Removal

Remove the 2 screws.


H1 Angular Measurement Unit Removal

Note: When removing the H1 angular mea-


surement unit, be careful not to contact
it with the scale.

Remove the 2 screws.


H2 Angular Measurement Unit Removal

Note: When removing the H2 angular mea-


surement unit, be careful not to contact
it with the scale.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 5-12


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 3 screws.


Note: The waterproof Teflon washer is attached
to all the screws.
Lower Cover Removal

Use a hexagonal wrench (M2.5) to remove the 4


screws.
Vertical Axis Unit Removal

5-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

How to install the vertical axis unit Trianglar mark Upper panel housing mark
Against the housing mark ( mark) of upper ( mark)
panel, the triangular mark ( ) of scale must
be at the illustrated position.
The tightening torque of the vertical axis unit
mounting screws is 120Ncm (12kgfcm).
Tool to be used: ST-DA-45

Lift up the vertical axis Ass'y and remove it from


the upper panel.
Vertical Axis Unit Removal

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5-2 Telescope (EDM) Disassembly Procedure
Procedure Illustration

Remove the 4 screws and then remove the lens


barrel upper cover.
Lens Barrel Upper Cover Removal

Notes:
1 The waterproof Teflon washer is attached
to all the screws. Be careful.
2 When assembling, the tightening torque is
20Ncm (2kgfcm).

Remove the 4 screws and then remove the lens


barrel lower cover.
Lens Barrel Lower Cover Removal

Notes:
1 The waterproof Teflon washer is attached
to all the screws. Be careful.
2 When assembling, the tightening torque is
20Ncm (2kgfcm).

Use tweezers to unlock the connector and then


disconnect the flexible cable.
D-OSC Unit Removal

5-15 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Use the fiber wrench (ST-TF-02) to remove the


optical emitting fiber.

Remove the 3 screws.


D-OSC Unit Removal

Use tweezers to disconnect the cables from the


rear connector of the D-OSC unit.

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the 4 screws.


Plate (at D-OSC Side) Removal

Use a hexagonal wrench (M0.89) to loosen the 1


screw.
Optical Receiving Fiber Removal

Use tweezers to remove the optical receiving


fiber.
Note: When removing the optical receiving
fiber, be careful not to crush the root of
fiber.

5-17 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 3 screws.


EDM AMP Unit Removal

Use tweezers to disconnect the 2 cables from the


rear connector of the EDM AMP unit.

Remove the 4 screws.


Plate (at AMP Side) Removal

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Procedure Illustration

Use the decoration ring turner (ST-DA-12) to


remove the decoration ring.
Decoration Ring Removal

5-19 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the objective cap.

Loosen the 2 screws.


Objective Lens Barrel Unit Removal

Make sure the alignment marks of the lens barrel


Assy and objective unit are aligned.

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Procedure Illustration

Use the objective plate wrench (ST-DA-13) to


loosen the objective unit.

Turn the objective removal tool (ST-DA-14)


clockwise to raise the objective unit.
Objective Lens Barrel Unit Removal

Remove the objective unit.

5-21 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the 2 screws.


Stopper Plate Removal

Remove the stopper plate.

Remove the eyepiece lens cover.


Eyepiece Lens Cover Removal

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the 4 screws.


Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
with torque of 20Ncm (2kgfcm).
Eyepiece Lens Unit Removal

Remove the eyepiece lens unit.

Remove the 3 screws.


Note: When assembling, tighten the screws
Eyepiece Lens Base Unit Removal

with torque of 30Ncm (3kgfcm).

5-23 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the eyepiece lens base unit.


Eyepiece Lens Base Unit Removal

Remove the 3 screws.


Focus Ring Removal

Remove the focus ring holder.

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Procedure Illustration

Turn the focus ring clockwise to remove it.


Focus Ring Removal

Use a rod pin to loosen the lead pin.


Internal Assembly Removal

Remove the lead pin.

5-25 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

Remove the internal Assy.


Internal Assembly Removal

Remove the 3 screws.

The screws are secured with screw lock. Use


alcohol to dissolve the screw lock before remov-
ing the screws. After completing the adjustment,
reapply the screw lock on the screws.
EDM Base Unit Removal

Remove the EDM base unit.

When removing the EDM base unit, the dichroic


prism is blocked and cannot be lifted straight up,
so move it slightly toward to the objective lens
side, then remove it. Be especially careful when
handling the fiber.

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Procedure Illustration

Remove the 2 screws.


Dichroic Prism Ass'y Removal

Remove the dichroic prism Ass'y.

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6. TROUBLE SHOOTING
6-1 Trouble Shooting Flow Chart
This chapter will explain the replacement of units against symptoms by using flow charts to locate the
problem unit.

(Example)

Symptom

NO
Diagnosis

YES

NO NO
Diagnosis Diagnosis

YES YES

* Reference item

Find and replace the problem unit.

* Before replacing the PCB unit, obtain the user data and user set values.

6-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(1) The power is not turned on.

The above symptom has occurred.

Is the terminal
voltage of the internal NO
power supply 7.2V?

Recharge.
YES

NO
Is the terminal voltage 7.2V?

YES

Is it connected NO
to the instrument's
terminal?

YES

Replace the CPU unit. Connect it properly. Repair the internal power supply.
Refer to P. 7-2.
Refer to the following table for other probable problem units.

Unit How to check


Display unit Check the operation of the power switch on the normal and reverse sides. If only
Display unit cable the reverse (or normal) side operates normally, the normal (or reverse) display
unit may malfunction. Replace the unit (display unit, display unit cable, etc.) and
check the operation.
Right cover unit Use the external power supply (tool power supply), etc. and supply the power
from the bottom of the instrument. If normal operation is done, the instrument's
right cover unit may malfunction. Replace the unit and check the operation.

If any connector is disconnected (including the improper contact) on the PCB or if the software is not installed
properly, the power may not be turned on, either. (Check the contact or install again and then check the
operation.)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 6-2


(2) [Battery empty]

The above symptom has occurred.

Is the terminal
voltage of the internal NO
power supply 7.2V?

Recharge.
YES

NO
Is the terminal voltage 7.2V?

YES

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

Is it connected NO
to the instrument's
terminal?

YES

Replace the CPU unit. Connect it properly. OK Repair the internal


power supply.
Refer to P. 7-2.

If using the external power supply of about 7.2V, the battery level display may blink. But it does not show a
trouble. If you check the battery level with the external power supply, use 2~3 batteries of about 8.4V as
standard. (The reference value of input voltage is different between the internal and external power supplies.)

6-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(3) Display is missing.
Keys do not work. (Keys are not switched.)

Display is missing.

NO
One side is missing.

YES

NO
Replace the display unit.

YES

OK Replace the display unit cable. Replace the CPU unit.


Refer to P. 7-2.

(4) Return signal level does not increase.


The "C" mark does not move.

The "C" mark stops midway.
The "C" mark does not stop moving.
The measurement value is not displayed. (Incorrect display)

The above symptom has occurred.

Refer to P. 7-3.

After replacing the NO


D-OSC unit, is it OK?

YES
Do the chopper NO
and circular wedge
operate normally?

YES

OK Replace the AMP unit. Replace the EDM base unit.

Refer to P. 7-3. Refer to P. 7-3.

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(5) [TILT OVER]

The above symptom has occurred.

NO
Is the instrument leveled?

YES Level the instrument and check it.

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

In the parameter setting mode1,


set tilt correction to "OFF".
Refer to P. 8-32.

Is the error displayed? NO

YES In the factory mode, input the


tilt offset again.
Refer to P. 8-10.

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

Is the tilt NO
unit installed and adjusted
correctly?

YES

Replace the CPU unit. Replace the tilt unit. Adjust the installation OK
posture.
Refer to P. 7-2. Refer to P. 7-2.
Refer to P. 9-19.

When the inclination is 3' or more against the horizontal position including the offset value of tilt sensor, this
error is displayed. The tilt unit or angular measurement PCB unit may malfunction. But this error is
sometimes canceled by adjusting the tilt offset or its installation position. Before replacing the unit, check if
adjustment is correct.

6-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(6) [V ANGLE ERROR]
[H ANGLE ERROR] [E600/E700 range]
[VH ANGLE ERROR]

The above symptom has occurred. E600 has occurred. *

In the factory mode, check the detailed ([F3] : CCD angle Replace the CPU unit.
error code (3 digits). measurement mode)
Refer to P. 8-13. Refer to P. 7-2.

Check the set values and waveform of


CCD. Then locate the problem unit.
Refer to P. 6-15.

Replace the problem unit as referring to


the replacement procedure.
Refer to P. 7-1.

Check the displays of [ANGLE ERROR] in the factory mode. They are errors of the E600 and E700 range
and, in the range, you can check the details. (*E600 shows that the gate array on the CPU unit is faulty.
Replace the CPU unit.)
In an error code of 3 digits (in the E600/E700 range), the right-end digit shows a trouble place. (Refer to the
following example.)
Example)
E621: CCD integral time_Low error . . . . . . . .The trouble CCD is "1". H1
E622: CCD integral time_Low error . . . . . . . .The trouble CCD is "2". H2
E623: CCD integral time_Low error . . . . . . . .The trouble CCD is "3". V1

After checking the 3-digit error display, carry out the following procedure. (For example, E622 is explained.)
Example)
1. In the factory mode, obtain and check the CCD set values. (If an abnormal value is input, input a normal
value and make sure that the error is canceled.)
2. Remove the cover and connect the tool to the CPU unit. Check the waveform of the CCD which is proba-
bly a problem unit.
3. By observing the waveform, judge that the problem unit is 1 CCD unit, 2 LED unit, 3 Scale (soil or
damage) or 4 CPU unit. Replace (or clean) the unit.
4. In the factory mode, input the set values again and check the operation.
5. Perform inspection.

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(7) [E35] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Are you
making measurement
(horizontal distance or relative NO
height) at the REM mode with V
angle in the range of 6
from zenith or
nadir? Adjust the vertical angle zero point.
YES Refer to P. 13-1.

Is adjustment ended NO (Another error is displayed.)


normally?

YES

NO
Is the error (E35) displayed?

YES

Make measurement out of the range Replace the CPU unit. OK Go ahead to each
of 6 from zenith or nadir. flow chart.
Refer to P. 7-2.

When the MEAS key is pressed in the REM mode while the lens barrel is within 6 from zenith or nadir, this
error is displayed. When this error is displayed under this condition, it does not show a trouble. Be careful.

6-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(8) [E61] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Replace the D-OSC unit.

Refer to P. 7-3.

When any part on the D-OSC unit malfunctions, this error is displayed.

(9) [E66] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Set the instrument constants


(L1/L2/L3) again.
Refer to P. 8-16.

NO
Is the error (E66) displayed?

YES

Replace the D-OSC unit. OK


Refer to P. 7-3.

When an abnormal value is input as the instrument constant (L1/L2/L3) in the factory mode, this error is
displayed. Set the instrument constant again and check if the error disappears.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 6-8


(10) [E68] id displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Connect the tool and check the


operation of the chopper motor.
Refer to P. 11-8.

Does the chopper motor NO


operate normally?

YES

Replace the D-OSC unit. Replace EDM Base.


Refer to P. 7-3. Refer to P. 7-3.

When the chopper does not operate normally, this error is displayed.
If the tool is connected and the chopper IN/OUT operation is normal, the signal sent from the D-OSC unit
may be faulty. Replace the D-OSC unit.
If the chopper does not operate normally, there is a problem around the chopper of the EDM base unit. If dust
is accumulated and so the chopper is caught, remove dust and check the operation again. If the error is not
canceled yet (that is, the chopper does not operate), the chopper malfunctions. Replace the EDM base unit.

6-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(11) [E69] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Check the contact on the communication


route visually and with a tester.

Is there an improper NO
contact place?

YES

Repair the improper contact Replace the CPU unit.


place. (Replace.)
Refer to P. 7-2.

Is the error display NO


canceled?

YES

Replace the AMP unit.


Refer to P. 7-3.

Is the error display NO


canceled?

YES

OK Replace the D-OSC unit.


Refer to P. 7-3.

This is a communication error between the EDM D-OSC unit and the standard CPU unit.
The problem can occur in the PCBs and the signal route between the PCBs.
As referring to the connection diagrams (P. 10-1 and P. 11-2), check contact or disconnection in the route,
namely, cables, connectors, slip ring, brush, etc. If there is no problem, replace each PCB unit. (On the route,
there is also EDM AMP unit. The problem can also be solved by replacing the AMP unit.)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 6-10


(12) [E71], [E72] or [E73] is displayed.

The above symptom is displayed.

Check the procedure and readjust


the vertical angle zero point.

Refer to P. 13-1.

Is adjustment NO
ended normally?

YES

OK Adjust the tilt offset/tilt


installation position.
Refer to P. 8-10 and P. 9-19.

When the vertical angle zero point is adjusted in the adjustment mode (refer to the instruction manual) and the
following troubles have occurred, the errors in the E70 range are displayed.
E71 : Displayed when adjustment is done in a wrong procedure.
E72 : Displayed when the vertical angle zero point is excessively deviated or when the vertical scale is
installed with an error of 5 or more.
E73 : Displayed when the instrument is not correctly leveled or when there is an error in the tilt offset or
tilt installation position adjustment.
If these errors are displayed frequently in the normal mode, the CPU unit may malfunction.

6-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(13) [E81] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Fit the angle unit set in the instrument


to the unit on the external device.

Perform
communication between
the external device and instrument NO
again. Is the error
displayed?

YES

Replace the CPU unit.


Refer to P. 7-2.

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

Check if there is a problem in the external OK


communication device (especially, software).

When you try to change the angle unit set in the instrument through the external device, this error occurs.
Normally it does not occur but, because of the specification (software) of the external device, it can occur.
Check the set unit in the instrument and the specification of the external device.
Refer to the interface manual (option) for the communication between the external device and instrument.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 6-12


(14) [E82] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Connect an external communication device made by


TOPCON (FC, etc.) and check the communication
(sending and receiving) toward the instrument. Select
"ACK MODE: STANDARD" in the parameters of the
instrument.
Refer to P. 8-34~36.

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

Check if there is improper contact or disconnection


in the signal route from the CPU unit to the external
communication device (communication cable/com-
munication connector in the instrument/slip ring/
brush, etc.).

NO
Is there improper contact or
disconnection?

YES

Replace the problem unit. Replace the CPU unit. Repair the external communication
device (hardware or software).
Refer to P. 7-2.

This is a communication error between the external communication device (PC, FC, etc.) and the instrument
(excluding the file transmission). When repair is done for this error, also check the external communication
device being used by the customer.
Refer to the interface manual (option) for the communication between the external device and instrument.

6-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(15) [E92] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Level the instrument and check the


tilt offset in the factory mode.
Refer to P. 8-10.

NO
Is the offset within 2' ?

YES

Press [F4] or [ENT] key to Adjust the tilt installation posture.


decide the tilt offset.
Refer to P. 8-10. Refer to P. 9-19.

When you try to input offset of 2' or more in tilt offset adjustment of factory mode, this error is displayed.
Check the offset. If it is beyond 2', the tilt installation position is not correct. Adjust the tilt installation
posture.

(16) [E99] is displayed.

The above symptom has occurred.

Execute "ALL CLR" in "EEPROM


INIT." of factory mode.
Refer to P. 8-28.

NO
Is the error displayed?

YES

Replace the CPU unit. OK

Refer to P. 7-2.

When there is a trouble in the non-volatile memory on the CPU unit, this error is displayed. Execute ALL
CLR in EEPROM INIT. of factory mode. If the error is not canceled yet, replace the CPU unit.
* When ALL CLR is executed, the set values of the factory mode, parameter setting, normal mode and
adjustment mode are lost.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 6-14


6-2 Trouble Shooting of Angular Measurement Problem Unit

If the error code (Angle error) is displayed in the assembled product, there is a problem in the CCD unit, LED
unit or scale.
Each of angular measurement system units will be diagnosed as follows.
1 Preparation
In the factory mode, check if the PWM value and PAT value are within standard. If they are not so, it is
necessary to diagnose the unit. (Refer to P. 9-4 for checking PWM/PAT in the factory mode.)
Remove the left cover.
Check the CCD signal waveforms on the angular measurement PCB. (Refer to P. 10-2 of 10-2 Angular
Measurement Digital System Repairs.)
2 When the PWM value is beyond standard
The scale or CCD is soiled. Clean it.
LED light intensity is faulty. The LED unit (in the horizontal side, angular measurement unit) may be
faulty. Replace it.
3 When the PAT value is beyond standard
The clearance may be faulty between the scale and CCD. Replace the CCD unit (for the horizontal
side, angular measurement unit).
4 When waveform is not proper
1) When the waveform is as Fig. 1
If part of the signal pattern is missing, there may be dust on the CCD surface or scale surface. Blow
dust with air or clean the surface.
* If the problem is not solved, there may be damage on the CCD surface or scale surface. Replace the
unit.

The signal is missing because of dust.

Fig. 1

6-15 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2) When the waveform is as Fig. 2
The LED unit may be faulty (unevenness of LED). Replace the LED unit on the V side and the angular
measurement unit on the H side.

It is NG when the difference is 0.6V or


more between the signal high point A
and low point B .
A
B

GND

Fig. 2

3) When the waveform is as Fig. 3


The LED unit may not be positioned correctly. Position the unit again.

A B

Incorrect position
A and B are not uniform.

Cursor 1 Fig. 3 Cursor 2

The following table shows the positions of Cursor 1 and Cursor 2.


Center value Cursor 1 Cursor 2
V angular measurement 1056 615 s 1104 s
976 550 1038
1016 583 1071
H angular measurement 1056 615 1104
1096 648 1136
1136 680 1169

After diagnosing the units with the symptoms, replace the unit according to the replacement procedure of the
problem unit (P. 9-7).

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7. EACH UNIT REPLACEMENT PROCEDURE
7-1 Angular Measurement System Unit Replacement Procedure
After one unit is diagnosed with symptoms to have a problem, the unit will be replaced as follows.
After assembly is completed, inspect the instrument.

1 Replacement of (V) CCD unit and (V) angular measurement holder unit
1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-2, 5-5).
2) Replacement of unit
Install the (V) CCD unit and (V) angular measurement holder unit as referring to "(V) angular mea-
surement system unit installation and adjustment" (P. 9-14).
3) How to adjust
Carry out the positioning adjustment as referring to "(V) angular measurement system unit installa-
tion and adjustment" (P. 9-14 9-18).
After the positioning adjustment, record the center value.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-5, 5-25-1).

2 Replacement of (H) angular measurement unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-12).
Before removing the tilt unit, record the tilt coefficients (K, A).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the angular measurement unit as referring to "(H) angular measurement system unit installa-
tion and adjustment" (P. 9-7).
3) How to adjust
Carry out the positioning adjustment as referring to "(H) angular measurement system unit installa-
tion and adjustment" (P. 9-79-18).
After the positioning adjustment, record the center value.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-125-1).

3 Replacement of vertical scale Ass'y


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-2, 5-5, 5-75-9).
2) Replacement of part
Install the vertical scale Ass'y as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-95-7).
* When installing, be careful about its direction. (Refer to P. 5-9.)
* Clean the scale surface carefully before installing.
3) How to adjust
After installing the vertical scale Ass'y, carry out the CCD positioning adjustment as referring to "(V)
angular measurement system unit installation and adjustment" (P. 9-149-18).
After the positioning adjustment, record the center value.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-5, 5-25-1).

7-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


4 Replacement of vertical axis Ass'y
1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-14).
Before removing the tilt unit, record the tilt coefficients (K, A).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the vertical axis Ass'y as referring to DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE (P. 5-145-13).
* When installing, be careful about its direction.
* Clean the scale surface carefully before installing.
3) How to adjust
After replacing the vertical axis Ass'y, carry out the angular measurement unit positioning adjust-
ment as referring to "(H) angular measurement system unit installation and adjustment" (P. 9-79-
18).
After the positioning adjustment, record the center value.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-145-1).

5 Replacement of CPU unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-2).
Before disassembly, record the following data.
Tilt coefficient........................... K, A
H1 angular measurement unit ... Center value and integral time
H2 angular measurement unit ... Center value and integral time
V CCD unit ............................... Center value and integral time
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the CPU unit and connect the cables.
3) How to adjust
Set a variety of information as referring to "10-2 Angular Measurement Digital System Repairs"
(P. 10-210-3).
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-25-1).
Perform "10-3 Setting of Integral time" (P. 10-4).

6 Replacement of tilt unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-15-5).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the tilt unit.
* The washers are set at the end faces of the tilt unit and standard. Be careful.
3) How to adjust
Perform the tilt positioning adjustment, tilt coefficient input and tilt offset input as referring to "9-2-3
Tilt unit installation adjustment" (P. 9-19).
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-55-1).

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 7-2


7-2 EDM System Unit Replacement Procedure

1 Replacement of EDM base unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-155-22, 5-26). When
the optical receiving/emitting fibers are replaced, adjust the EDM base unit optical receiving/emit-
ting focus position as referring to "11-7 Telemeter Optical Axis and EDM Optical Axis Adjustment"
(P. 11-1011-12).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the EDM base unit and connect the cable.
3) How to adjust
Perform adjustment and input according to the flow chart (P. 11-1) of "11-1 Telescope (EDM) Sys-
tem Repairs".
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-26, 5-225-
11).

2 Replacement of EDM D-OSC unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-155-16).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the D-OSC unit and connect the cable.
3) How to adjust
Perform adjustment and input according to the flow chart (P. 11-1) of "11-1 Telescope (EDM) Sys-
tem Repairs".
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-165-15).

3 Replacement of EDM AMP unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-155-18).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the AMP unit and connect the cable.
3) How to adjust
Perform adjustment and input according to the flow chart (P. 11-1) of "11-1 Telescope (EDM) Sys-
tem Repairs".
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-185-15).

7-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


7-3 Other Units Replacement Procedure

1 Replacement of optical plummet telescope


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-3, 5-4).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the optical plummet telescope. When installing, be careful about the places where the V
screw and U screw should be used.
3) How to adjust
Align the vertical axis with the line of sight of the optical plummet telescope as referring to
"APPENDIX 1-1 Theodolite System Accuracy Inspection " (P. APPENDIX-2).
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-4, 5-3).

2 Replacement of V tangent unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-35-6).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the tangent unit. When installing, make sure that the tangent unit is fit to the clamp securely.
3) How to adjust
As tightening the tangent unit clamp fully, fix the tangent unit with a set screw.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-6, 5-3).

3 Replacement of H tangent unit


1) Preparation
Perform disassembly as referring to "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-3, 5-4, 5-10).
2) Replacement of unit
Replace the tangent unit. When installing, make sure that the tangent unit is fit to the clamp securely.
3) How to adjust
As tightening the tangent unit clamp fully, fix the tangent unit with two set screws.
4) Assembly
Perform assembly in the reversed procedure of "DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE" (P. 5-10, 5-4, 5-3).

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 7-4


8. REPAIR OUTLINE
8-1 Repair Outline
Repair the GTS-100N series by replacing the faulty unit. Check the symptom by the trouble shooting, error
codes and operation/function inspection and then replace the faulty unit according to the flow chart. After
replacing, make sure that the trouble has been solved. In addition, perform the operation inspection and the
theodolite system/EDM system accuracy inspection to make sure that the product function of the GTS-100N
series is satisfactory.

Flow of repair

Check the details of trouble.

Replace the unit according to the flow chart. P. 6-1 ~ P. 6-14

Make sure that the trouble has been solved.

Upload of the softwares P. 12-1 ~ P. 12-21

Setting of factory mode P. 8-3 ~ P. 8-29

Setting of parameters P. 8-30 ~ P. 8-37

Operation and function inspection

Theodolite system/EDM system accuracy inspection

End

* This procedure cannot be performed depending on the details of the trouble.

Important:
For the CPU unit which is a service part, the factory mode and parameters are not set. After
replacing the CPU unit, set the factory mode and parameters.

8-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


8-2 Factory Mode

8-2-1 Factory mode


In the factory mode, set the functions required for a surveying instrument (distance/angular measurement).
After one PCB unit is replaced and after any unit regarding distance/angular measurement accuracy is
repaired (adjusted/replaced), set data and check the data.

V ANGLE 0 OFFSET Setting of vertical angle offset A


TILT K, A K: Setting of tilt sensor inclination coefficients
A
A: Setting of tilt sensor temperature coefficients.
TILT OFFSET Setting of tilt sensor offset A
CCD CENTER/PWM Setting of the center value (CENTER)of the angular mea-
surement CCD/tilt sensor CCD, the integral time
A
(CHARGE), the pattern pitch (PAT) and the LED light
intensity (PWM)
CCD REPEAT CCD signal output mode (used for positioning the angular
measurement unit and for checking the CCD signal wave- A
form)
CCD PHASE CCD angle measurement A
EDM VERSION Display of EDM unit microcomputer software version
EDM OFFSET L1/L2/L3 OFFSET Setting of the EDM instrument constants L1/L2/L3 E
EDM OFFSET Setting of the EDM instrument constant S E
EDM COUNT EDM COUNT Count data of the EDM distance measurement values
DATA EDM DATA CHECK Checking of the EDM operating condition
EDM SA CHECK Count display of the EDM reflection light intensity
APD ADJUST Setting and display of the APD bias E
NOISE CHECK Not used.
LOCKS ANGLE LOCK Setting of the fixed angle unit A
DISTANCE LOCK Setting of the fixed distance unit A
LANGUAGE LOCK Setting of the fixed display language A
LANGUAGE SELECT Selection of the display language except the factory mode A
LANGUAGE LOAD Not used. (Loader mode is used.)
EDM PROG. LOAD Not used.
EDM THROUGH Not used.
EEPROM ALL CLR Initialization of the set values
INIT. DATA CLR Not used.
A/D CVT DATA Continuous display of the AD conversion values
SPECIAL LASER PLUMMET Setting of the laser plummet function
A
SELECT
ANGLE CHECK MODE Not used.
A: Perform this setting after repairing the angular measurement system.
E : Perform this setting after repairing the distance measurement system.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-2


8-2-2 Start/end of factory mode
1 Start of factory mode

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the con-


stant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-
01) with the power cable (ST-PK-02)
and tool power supply (ST-DA-34).

3 As pressing the [F2] and [ANG] [F2] + [ANG] <FACTORY>


keys, press the [POWER] key. The + LCD CONT
factory mode is accessed. [POWER] S.N.:123456
S.N. ENTER
* On this display, you can input S/N.

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] FACTORY MODE [1/6]
factory mode menu is displayed. 1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
2:TILT K,A
3:TILT OFFSET

The pages of the factory mode menu FACTORY MODE [1/6]


is changed in the normal order by the 1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
[F4] key or the [ ] (ANG) key. 2:TILT K,A MODE
FACTORY [2/6]
1/6 2/6 3/6 4/6 5/6 6/6 3:TILT OFFSET
1:CCD CENTER/PWM
2:TILT K,A MODE
FACTORY [3/6]
The pages are changed in the 3:TILT OFFSET
1:EDM VERSION
reversed order by the [ ] (distance 2:TILT K,A MODE
FACTORY [4/6]
measurement) key. 3:TILT OFFSET
1:LOCKS
1/6 6/6 5/6 4/6 3/6 2/6 2:TILT K,A MODE
FACTORY [5/6]
3:TILT OFFSET
1:EDM PROG. LOAD
2:TILT K,A MODE
FACTORY [6/6]
3:TILT OFFSET
1:A/D CVT DATA
2:SPECIAL SELECT
3:ANG CHECK MODE

8-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2 End of factory mode

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [POWER] key in the fac- [POWER] FACTORY MODE [1/6]
tory mode. The mode finish check
display appears. POWER OFF?
[YES] [NO]

2 Press the [F3] (YES) key. The power [F3]


of the instrument is turned off.

3 Remove the power cable from the


instrument.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-4


8-2-3 Factory mode
1. S/N

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 As pressing the [F2] and [ANG] [F2] + [ANG] <FACTORY>
keys, press the [POWER] key. The + LCD CONT
factory mode is accessed. [POWER] S.N.:123456
S.N. ENTER

2 Press the [F3] (S. N) key. The S/N [F3] <FACTORY>


setting display appears. LCD CONT
S.N.=
[ALP][SPC][CLR][ENT]

3 Change the numerical value/alphabet [F4] <FACTORY>


input with the [F1] key and input S/N LCD CONT
with the ten keys. S.N.=
[ALP][SPC][CLR][ENT]
[F1] (ALP) :
Changes the ten keys to the
alphabet input.
[F1] (NUM) :
Changes the ten keys to the
numerical value input.
[F2] (SPC) :
Inputs a space.
[F3] (CRL) :
Clears all the inputted characters.
[F4] (ENT) :
Sets S/N and returns to the fac-
tory mode.
Ten keys:
In the numerical value input
mode, you can input the selected
numerical value. In the alphabet
input mode, you can display the
selected alphabet letter. By press-
ing the same key again, the next
candidate letter is displayed.

8-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
4 Example: S/N GTS102 [F1] <FACTORY>
Press the [F1] (ALP) key. The alpha- LCD CONT
bet input mode is accessed. S.N.=
[NUM][SPC][CLR][ENT]

5 Press the [9] (GHI) key to input "G". [9] <FACTORY>


LCD CONT
S.N.=G
[NUM][SPC][CLR][ENT]

6 Press the [1] (STU) key twice to input [1] [1] <FACTORY>
"T". LCD CONT
S.N.=GT
[NUM][SPC][CLR][ENT]

7 Move the cursor with the [] key. [] <FACTORY>


LCD CONT
S.N.=GT
[NUM][SPC][CLR][ENT]

8 Press the [1] (STU) key to input "S". [1] <FACTORY>


LCD CONT
S.N.=GTS
[NUM][SPC][CLR][ENT]

9 Press the [F1] (NUM) key. The [F1] <FACTORY>


numerical value input mode is LCD CONT
accessed. S.N.=GTS
[ALP][SPC][CLR][ENT]

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-6


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
10 Press the [1], [0] and [2] keys in this [1] [0] [2] <FACTORY>
order. LCD CONT
S.N.=GTS102
[ALP][SPC][CLR][ENT]

11 Press the [F4] (ENT) key. S/N is set [F4] <FACTORY>


and the factory mode display appears LCD CONT
again. S.N.:GTS102
S.N. ENTER

8-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2. V ANGLE 0 OFFSET

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Level the instrument and collimate
horizontality.

2 Press the [F1] (1: V ANGLE 0 OFF- [F1] V:


V : 9000'05"0
SET) key on "FACTORY MODE [1/ V0: 9000'05"0 The V value after
6]". The [V ANGLE 0 OFFSET] set- OFS: 000'00"0 correction
ting display appears. --- --- --- ENTER
V0:
The V value before
correction
OFS:
Correction value
3 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The V [F4] V : 9000'05"0
angle zero position is set and "FAC- V0: 9000'05"0
TORY MODE [1/6]" appears again. OFS: 000'00"0
--- --- --- ENTER

FACTORY MODE [1/6]


1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
2:TILT K,A
3:TILT OFFSET

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-8


3. TILT K, A

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F2] (2: TILT K, A) key on [F2] TILT VERTICAL [1/2]
"FACTORY MODE [1/6]". The K = 000000
[TILT K, A] (VERTICAL) setting A : 000000
display appears. CLEAR --- --- ENTER

2 Move the cursor with the [] or [] K:


TILT VERTICAL [1/2]
key and set the "K" value with the K = 000000 Tilt coefficient
[ ] or [ ] key. A : 000000 A:
CLEAR --- --- ENTER
Temperature correc-
: Moves the cursor leftward. tion value
: Moves the cursor rightward.
: Increases the value on the cursor
by 1. (0 ~ F)
Decreases the value on the cursor
:
by 1. (0 ~ F)

3 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] TILT VERTICAL [1/2]
"K" value is set and the instrument K : 000000
shifts to the "A" value input proce- A = 000000
dure. CLEAR --- --- ENTER

8-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


4. TILT OFFSET

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Level the instrument.

2 Press the [F3] (3: TILT OFFSET) key [F3] X(VERTICAL)


TILT:
on "FACTORY MODE [1/6]". The TILT: 000'00" Tilt sensor value
[TILT X OFFSET] setting display tilt: 000'00" after correction
appears. --- --- --- ENTER
tilt:
Tilt sensor value
before correction

3 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] FACTORY MODE [1/6]
offset of [TILT] is set and "FAC- 1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
TORY MODE [1/6]" appears again. 2:TILT K,A
3:TILT OFFSET

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-10


5. CCD CENTER/PWM

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F1] (1: CCD CENTER/ [F1] CENTER:
H1 CENTER->1000
PWM) key on "FACTORY MODE CHARGE :05 Center value of
[2/6]". The [CCD CENTER/PWM] CCD
(H1) setting display appears. INPUT --- SKIP ENTER
CHARGE:
The LED light emit-
ting time against
CCD (Integral time)

2 Press the [F1] (INPUT) key. The cur- [F1] H1 CENTER=


sor is displayed. You can input a CHARGE :05
value with keys.
[---][---][CLR][ENT]

3 Input the [H1 CENTER] value (writ- [Ten keys] H1 CENTER=1016


ten on the CCD unit seal) with the ten CHARGE :05
keys.
[---][---][CLR][ENT]

4 Press the [F4] (ENT) key. The CEN- [F4] H1 CENTER:1016


TER value is set and the target shifts CHARGE ->05
to "CHARGE".
INPUT --- SKIP ENTER

5 Press the [F1] (INPUT) key. The cur- [F1] H1 CENTER:1016


sor is displayed. You can input a CHARGE =
value with keys.
[---][---][CLR][ENT]

8-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
6 Input the [H1 CHARGE] value (05) [Ten keys] H1 CENTER:1016
with the ten keys. CHARGE =05

[---][---][CLR][ENT]

7 Press the [F4] (ENT) key. The [F4] PWM:


H1 CENTER:1016
CHARGE value is set and the PWM CHARGE :05 Light intensity emit-
and PAT values are displayed. PWM:035 PAT:18.4 ted toward CCD by
>OK [YES][NO] LED

PAT:
Total of the scale
patterns R, A, B and
C within the CCD
read width
8 Make sure that the PWM and PAT [F3] H2 CENTER->1056
values are within standard (refer to CHARGE :05
the table below) and press the [F3]
(YES) key. The PWM and PAT val- INPUT --- SKIP ENTER
ues are set and the [CCD CENTER/
PWM] (H2) display appears.

9 For H2 and V1 input the CENTER FACTORY MODE [2/6]


and CHARGE values and set the 1:CCD CENTER/PWM
PWM and PAT values in the same 2:CCD REPEAT
way (Procedure 2 ~ 8). 3:CCD PHASE

Standard
CHARGE PWM PAT
H1 5 10~65 17.7~19.3
H2 5 10~65 17.7~19.3
V1 5 10~65 17.7~19.3

10 Perform Procedure 1~9 again.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-12


6. CCD REPEAT

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F2] (2: CCD REPEAT) key [F2] H1 CHARGE:00


on "FACTORY MODE [2/6]" (for PWM :45
checking the CCD waveforms). The
CHARGE and PWM values of the H1 H2 V1 ---
CCD are displayed.

2 Change the unit with the [F1] ~ [F3] H2 CHARGE:00


keys and check the CHARGE and PWM :45
PWM values and waveforms.
[F1] key: CHARGE and PWM val- H1 H2 V1 ---
ues of H1
[F2] key: CHARGE and PWM val-
ues of H2
[F3] key: CHARGE and PWM value
of V1

3 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [2/6]


MODE [2/6]" appears again. 1:CCD CENTER/PWM
2:CCD REPEAT
3:CCD PHASE

8-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


7. CCD PHASE

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F3] (3: CCD PHASE) key [F3] H1 PHASE:


on "FACTORY MODE [2/6]". The A:8 b:9 c:9 CHRG:05
CHARGE and PWM values of the 15620'41"
CCD are displayed. H1 H2 V1 ---

2 Change the unit with the [F1] ~ [F3] V1 PHASE:


keys and check the CHARGE and A:8 b:9 c:7 CHRG:05
PWM values and waveforms. 238'17"
[F1] key: The pattern quantity, H1 H2 V1 ---
CHARGE value and read
angle of H1
[F2] key: The pattern quantity,
CHARGE value and read
angle of H2
[F3] key: The pattern quantity,
CHARGE value and read
angle of V1

3 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [2/6]


MODE [2/6]" appears again. 1:CCD CENTER/PWM
2:CCD REPEAT
3:CCD PHASE

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-14


8. EDM VERSION

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F1] (1: EDM VERSION) [F1]


key on "FACTORY MODE [3/6]". <EDM>
The EDM software version is dis-
played for a few seconds. Then, [ Ver. 2.01 ]
"FACTORY MODE [3/6]" appears
again.
FACTORY MODE [3/6]
1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

8-15 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


9. EDM OFFSET L1/L2/L3

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set a prism in front of the objective
lens.

2 Press the [F2] (2: EDM OFFSET) [F2] EDM OFFSET


key on "FACTORY MODE [3/6]". 1:L1/L2/L3 OFFSET
The [EDM OFFSET] menu appears. 2:EDM OFFSET

3 Press the [F1] (1: L1/L2/L3 OFF- [F1] OFFSET-L1/L2/L3 [ 0]


SET) key. After the current [L1/L2/ OFS(L1): -22
L3 OFFSET] values are displayed, OFS(L2): +00
measurement is performed ten times. OFS(L3): -03

OFFSET-L1/L2/L3 [ 1]
OFS(L1): 00298
OFS(L2): 0002
OFS(L3): 0003

After measurement, the calculated OFFSET-L1/L2/L3 [10]


OFFSET values are set. Then, "EDM OFS(L1): -23
OFFSET" appears again. OFS(L2): -02
OFS(L3): -04

EDM OFFSET
1:L1/L2/L3 OFFSET
2:EDM OFFSET

Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. FACTORY MODE [3/6]
1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-16


10. EDM OFFSET S

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F2] (2: EDM OFFSET) [F2] EDM-OFFSET
key on "FACTORY MODE [3/6]". 1:L1/L2/L3 OFFSET
The [EDM OFFSET] menu appears. 2:EDM OFFSET

2 Press the [F2] (2: EDM OFFSET) [F2] EDM OFFSET


key. The current [EDM OFFSET (S)]
value is displayed. +20.6mm
CLEAR --- --- ENTER

3 Move the cursor with the [] or [] EDM OFFSET


key and set the OFFSET value with
the [ ] or [ ] key. +19.2mm
CLEAR --- --- ENTER
: Moves the cursor leftward.
: Moves the cursor rightward.
: Changes "+" and "-" to each
other and increases the value on
the cursor by 1. (0 ~ 9)
: Changes "+" and "-" to each
other and decreases the value on
the cursor by 1. (0 ~ 9)

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4]


OFFSET value is set. "FACTORY DATA CHECKING
MODE [3/6]" appears again. NOW

EDM OFFSET
1:L1/L2/L3 OFFSET
2:EDM OFFSET

Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

8-17 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11. EDM COUNT

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F3] (3: EDM COUNT [F3] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
DATA) key on "FACTORY MODE 1:EDM COUNT
[3/6]". The [EDM COUNT DATA] 2:EDM DATA CHECK
menu appears. 3:EDM SA CHECK

2 Press the [F1] (1: EDM COUNT) [F1] EDM-COUNT


key. The EDM COUNT check dis- L3: L2:
play appears. L1: S :
FINE CRS TRK A.H

3 Set a prism in front of the objective


lens.

4 Select a measurement mode with the EDM-COUNT FINE


[F1] ~ [F4] keys. The count value is L3:0000 L2:0001
displayed in the selected measure- L1:99991 S :03040
ment mode. FINE CRS TRK A.H

5 Press the [ESC] key. The [EDM [ESC] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
COUNT DATA] menu appears again. 1:EDM COUNT
2:EDM DATA CHECK
3:EDM SA CHECK

6 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-18


12. EDM DATA CHECK

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F3] (3: EDM COUNT [F3] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
DATA) key on "FACTORY MODE 1:EDM COUNT
[3/6]". The [EDM COUNT DATA] 2:EDM DATA CHECK
menu appears. 3:EDM SA CHECK

2 Press the [F2] (2: EDM DATA [F2] KS: A digit is miss-
KS KL RS RL SB LB BF
CHECK) key. The EDM DATA ing. (S)
check display appears. m KL:A digit is miss-
FINE CRS TRK A.H ing. (L)
RS: Spare (Unused)
RL: Spare (Unused)
SB: Deviation (S)
LB: Deviation (L)
BF: Comparison
with the last
value
3 Set a prism in front of the objective
lens.

4 Select a measurement mode with the KS KL RS RL SB LB BF


[F1] ~ [F4] keys. The distance mea-
surement value is displayed in the 0.152 m
selected measurement mode. FINE CRS TRK A.H

5 Press the [ESC] key. The [EDM [ESC] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
COUNT DATA] menu appears again. 1:EDM COUNT
2:EDM DATA CHECK
3:EDM SA CHECK

6 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

8-19 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


13. EDM SA CHECK

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F3] (3: EDM COUNT [F3] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
DATA) key on "FACTORY MODE 1:EDM COUNT
[3/6]". The [EDM COUNT DATA] 2:EDM DATA CHECK
menu appears. 3:EDM SA CHECK

2 Press the [F3] (3: EDM SA CHECK) [F3] SA_CHECK


key. The EDM SA check display
appears. 00
END

3 Set a prism in front of the objective SA_CHECK


lens. The SA level is displayed.
60
END

4 Press the [F4] (END) key. The [EDM [F4] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
COUNT DATA] menu appears again. 1:EDM COUNT
2:EDM DATA CHECK
3:EDM SA CHECK

5 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-20


14. APD ADJUST SET

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F3] (3: EDM COUNT [F3] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
DATA) key on "FACTORY MODE 1:EDM COUNT
[3/6]". The [EDM COUNT DATA] 2:EDM DATA CHECK
menu appears. 3:EDM SA CHECK

2 Press the [F4] key. "EDM COUNT [F4] EDM COUNT DATA [2/2]
DATA [2/2]" is displayed. 1:APD ADJUST
2:NOISE CHECK

3 Press the [F1] (1: APD ADJUST) [F1] APD ADJUST


key. The [APD ADJUST] menu 1:SET
appears. 2:READ

4 Press the [F1] (SET) key. The dis- [F1]


play blinks and the automatic APD APD ADJUST
setting starts.

* Don't turn off the power while the


display is blinking.

After setting, the set values are dis- APD ADJUST


LD : LD duty ratio
played. LD+35.9% AD+19.3% for reference
TH+1.95V SAT+1.47V AD : Duty ratio for
* For these values, standard, limit EXIT APD
and error are not displayed. It is TH : Thermister
voltage for
important to finish this mode with-
temperature
out omitting any item. correction
SAT:Reference
voltage for
APD

8-21 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
5 Press the [F4] (EXIT) key. The [AP [F4] APD ADJUST
ADJUST] menu appears again. 1:SET
2:READ

6 Press the [ESC] key. "EDM COUNT [ESC] EDM COUNT DATA [2/2]
DATA [2/2]" appears again. 1:APD ADJUST
2:NOISE CHECK

7 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-22


15. APD ADJUST READ

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F3] (3: EDM COUNT [F3] EDM COUNT DATA [1/2]
DATA) key on "FACTORY MODE 1:EDM COUNT
[3/6]". The [EDM COUNT DATA] 2:EDM DATA CHECK
menu appears. 3:EDM SA CHECK

2 Press the [F4] key. "EDM COUNT [F4] EDM COUNT DATA [2/2]
DATA [2/2]" is displayed. 1:APD ADJUST
2:NOISE CHECK

3 Press the [F1] (1: APD ADJUST) [F1] APD ADJUST


key. The [APD ADJUST] menu 1:SET
appears. 2:READ

4 Press the [F2] (READ) key. The set [F2] APD ADJUST
values are displayed. LD+35.9% AD+19.3%
TH+1.95V SAT+1.47V
EXIT

5 Press the [F4] (EXIT) key. The [APD [F4] APD ADJUST
ADJUST] menu appears again. 1:SET
2:READ

8-23 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
6 Press the [ESC] key. "EDM COUNT [ESC] EDM COUNT DATA [2/2]
DATA [2/2]" appears again. 1:APD ADJUST
2:NOISE CHECK

7 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [3/6]


MODE [3/6]" appears again. 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-24


16. ANGLE LOCK

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F1] (1: LOCKS) key on [F1] LOCKS
"FACTORY MODE [4/6]". The 1:ANGLE LOCK
[LOCKS] menu appears. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

2 Press the [F1] (1: ANGLE LOCK) [F1] ANGLE UNIT LOCK
key. The [ANGLE UNIT LOCK] [OFF]
setting display appears and the cur-
rent set data is displayed. [ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

3 Change the set data with the [F1] [F1] or [F2] ANGLE UNIT LOCK
(ON) or [F2] (OFF) key according to [ON ]
the area specification.
[ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. [F4] LOCKS


"ANGLE UNIT LOCK" is set and 1:ANGLE LOCK
the [LOCKS] menu appears again. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

5 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [4/6]


MODE [4/6]" appears again. 1:LOCKS
2:LANGUAGE SELECT
3:LANGUAGE LOAD

8-25 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


17. DISTANCE LOCK

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F1] (1: LOCKS) key on [F1] LOCKS
"FACTORY MODE [4/6]". The 1:ANGLE LOCK
[LOCKS] menu appears. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

2 Press the [F2] (2: DISTANCE [F2] DISTANCE UNIT LOCK


LOCK) key. The [DISTANCE UNIT [OFF]
LOCK] setting display appears and
the current set data is displayed. [ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

3 Change the set data with the [F1] [F1] or [F2] DISTANCE UNIT LOCK
(ON) or [F2] (OFF) key according to [ON ]
the area specification.
[ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. "DIS- [F4] LOCKS


TANCE UNIT LOCK" is set and the 1:ANGLE LOCK
[LOCKS] menu appears again. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

5 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [4/6]


MODE [4/6]" appears again. 1:LOCKS
2:LANGUAGE SELECT
3:LANGUAGE LOAD

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-26


18. LANGUAGE LOCK

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F1] (1: LOCKS) key on [F1] LOCKS
"FACTORY MODE [4/6]". The 1:ANGLE LOCK
[LOCKS] menu appears. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

2 Press the [F3] (3: LANGUAGE [F3] LANGUAGE


LOCK) key. The [LANGUAGE [OFF]
LOCK] setting display appears and
the current set data is displayed. [ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

3 Change the set data with the [F1] [F1] or [F2] LANGUAGE
(ON) or [F2] (OFF) key according to [ON ]
the area specification.
[ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. "LAN- [F4] LOCKS


GUAGE LOCK" is set and the 1:ANGLE LOCK
[LOCKS] menu appears again. 2:DISTANCE LOCK
3:LANGUAGE LOCK

5 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [4/6]


MODE [4/6]" appears again. 1:LOCKS
2:LANGUAGE SELECT
3:LANGUAGE LOAD

8-27 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


19. EEPROM INIT. (ALL CLR)

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Press the [F3] (3: EEPROM INIT.) [F3] EEPROM INIT.
key on "FACTORY MODE [5/6]". 1:ALL CLR
The EEPROM initialization menu 2:DATA CLR
appears.

2 Press the [F1] (1: ALL CLR) key. [F1]


The [ALL CLR] check display ALL CLR
appears and the current set data are
displayed. --- --- [YES] [NO]

3 Press the [F3] (YES) key. The data [F3] EEPROM INIT.
are initialized and the EEPROM ini- 1:ALL CLR
tialization menu appears again. 2:DATA CLR
3:FILE FORMAT
Contents of initialization
The set data of the user
Adjusting mode
Parameter setting 1 EEPROM INIT.
1:ALL CLR
Parameter setting 2
2:DATA CLR
Factory mode 3:FILE FORMAT

4 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [5/6]


MODE [5/6]" appears again. 1:EDM PROG. LOAD
2:EDM THROUGH
* After this initialization is per- 3:EEPROM INIT.
formed, set the factory mode and
the parameters.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-28


20. A/D CTV DATA

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
* This mode is used for trouble
shooting.

1 Press the [F1] (1: A/D CVT DATA) [F1] Vref:01FD( 1.64v)
Vref:EDM refer-
key on "FACTORY MODE [6/6]". Vint:019C( 8.06v) ence voltage
The A/D CVT DATA check display Vext:00FD( 4.97v) Vint: Internal bat-
appears. Tint:029C( 17.32C)08 tery voltage
Vext:External
power supply
voltage
Tint: Temperature
2 Press the [ESC] key. "FACTORY [ESC] FACTORY MODE [6/6]
MODE [6/6]" appears again. 1:A/D CVT DATA
2:SPECIAL SELECT
3:ANG CHECK MODE

8-29 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


8-3 Setting Mode 1
In this mode, the following settings are possible.
1. Setting Minimum Reading
2. Auto Power off
3. Vertical Angle Tilt Correction (Tilt ON/OFF)
4. Heater ON/OFF
5. Setting for RS-232C communication
This setting is memorized after power off.

8-3-1 Setting Minimum Reading


Select minimum display unit for angle measurement, coarse distance measurement mode.
To select minimum display for fine measurement mode, see Chapter 16 SELECTING MODE.
Angle Unit Coarse mode
Models
Degree GON MIL Distance unit

GTS-102N 10mm (0.02ft)/


5"/1" 1mgon/0.2mgon 0.1mil/0.01mil
GTS-105N 1mm (0.005ft)

[Example] Minimum angle : 5", Coarse : 1mm

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 After pressing the [MENU] key, press the [F4]() key [MENU] MENU 3/3
twice to get the menu on page 3. [F4] F1:PARAMETERS 1
F2:CONTRAST ADJ.
[F4] P1

2 Press the [F1] key. [F1] PARAMETERS 1


F1:MINIMUM READING
F2:AUTO POWER OFF
F3:TILT P

3 Press the [F1] key. [F1] MINIMUM READING


F1:ANGLE
F2:COARSE

4 Press the [F1] key. [F1] MINIMUM ANGLE


[F1: 1" ]
F2: 5"
ENTER

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-30


Operating procedure Operation Display

5 Press the [F2] (5") key and press the [F4] (ENTER) key. [F2] MINIMUM READING
[F4] F1:ANGLE
F2:COARSE

6 Press the [F2] key. [F2] COARSE READING


F1: 1mm
[F2:10mm]
ENTER

7 Press the [F1] key and press the [F4] (ENTER) key. [F1] MINIMUM READING
[F4] F1:ANGLE
F2:COARSE

To return to previous mode, press the [ESC] key.

8-3-2 Auto Power Off


If no key operation is given or no process of measurement is performed for more than 30 minutes ( No
change exceeding 30" has occurred during horizontal angle or vertical angle measurement.), the power
turns off automatically. If the instrument is set at distance measurement mode ( No change in distance
exceeding 10cm has occurred during distance measurement), the mode changes to angle measurement
automatically in case that the instrument does not operate for approximately 10 minutes, and the power
turns off after 20 minutes.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 After pressing the [MENU] key, press the [F4] (P) key [MENU] MENU 3/3
twice to get the menu on page 3. [F4] F1:PARAMETERS 1
F2:CONTRAST ADJ.
[F4] P

2 Press the [F1] key. [F1] PARAMETERS 1 1/2


F1:MINIMUM READING
F2:AUTO POWER OFF
F3:TILT P

3 Press the [F2] key. [F2] AUTO POWER OFF [OFF]


The data previously set is shown. F1:ON
F2:OFF
ENTER

4 Press the [F1] (ON) key or [F2] (OFF) key, and press the [F1] or [F2]
[F4] (ENTER) key. [F4]

8-31 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


8-3-3 Vertical Angle Tilt correction (Tilt ON/OFF)
In case the instrument is used in an unstable situation, constant indexing of vertical and horizontal angle
may be impossible. In this case, the function of tilt correction can be stopped by selecting TILT OFF. It has
been set to X (V) TILT ON at the factory.
This setting is memorized after powering off.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 After pressing the [MENU] key, press the [F4] (P) key [MENU] MENU 3/3
twice to get the menu on page 3. [F4] F1:PARAMETERS 1
F2:CONTRAST ADJ.
[F4] P

2 Press the [F1] key. [F1] PARAMETERS 1 1/2


F1:MINIMUM READING
F2:AUTO POWER OFF
F3:TILT P

3 Press the [F3] key. [F3] TILT SENSOR:[X-ON]


The data previously set is shown. X: 002'10"
If already ON, the display shows tilt correction value.
X-ON OFF ENTER

4 Press the [F1] (X-ON) key or [F3] (OFF) key, and press the [F1], [F3]
[F4] (ENTER) key. [F4]

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-32


8-3-4 Heater ON/OFF
The heater option for both display units can be turned OFF or ON.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 After pressing the [MENU] key, press the [F4] (P) key [MENU] MENU 3/3
twice to get the menu on page 3. [F4] F1:PARAMETERS 1
F2:CONTRAST ADJ.
[F4] P

2 Press the [F1] key. [F1] PARAMETERS 1 1/2


F1:MINIMUM READING
F2:AUTO POWER OFF
F3:TILT P

3 Press the [F4] key. [F4] PARAMETERS 1 2/2


F1:BATTERY TYPE
F2:HEATER
F3:RS-232C P

4 Press the [F2] key. [F2] HEATER [OFF]


The data previously set is shown. F1:ON
F2:OFF
ENTER

5 Press the [F1] (ON) key or [F2] (OFF) key, and press the [F1] or [F2]
[F4] (ENTER) key. [F4]

8-33 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


8-3-5 Setting RS-232C communication with external device
You can set the parameters for RS-232C communication with external device from parameters settng menu.
The following parameters can be set.
Item Selecting items
Baud rate 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400
Character bit/Parity 7/Even, 7/Odd, 8/None
Stop bit 1, 2
ACK mode Standard, Omitted
CR, LF ON, OFF
REC type REC-A, REC-B
Factory setting Baud rate: 1200 baud, Character bit/Parity: 7/Even, CRLF: OFF,
REC type: REC-A, ACK: Standard

ACK mode, CRLF and REC type are interlocked with the same items in the selecting mode.
Refer to 16 SELECTING MODE.

Sample setting
STOP BITS: 2

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 After pressing the [MENU] key, press the [F4] (P) key [MENU] MENU 3/3
twice to get the menu on page 2. [F4] F1:PARAMETERS 1
F2:CONTRAST ADJ.
[F4] P

2 Press the [F1] key. [F1] PARAMETERS 1 1/2


F1:MINIMUM READING
F2:AUTO POWER OFF
F3:TILT P

3 Press the [F4] key. [F4] PARAMETERS 1 2/2


F1:BATTERY TYPE
F2:HEATER
F3:RS-232C P

4 Press the [F3] key. [F3] RS-232C 1/3


The data previously set is shown. F1:BAUD RATE
F2:CHAR./PARITY
F3:STOP BITS P

5 Press the [F3] key to select STOP BITS. [F3] STOP BITS
The data previously set is marked. [F1:1 ]
F2:2
ENTER

6 Press the [F2] (2) key to select stop bit 2, and press the [F4] [F2] STOP BITS
(ENTER) key. [F4] F1:1
[F2:2 ]
ENTER

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-34


8-4 Selecting Mode
8-4-1 Items of the Selecting Mode
The following modes are available.
Menu Items Selecting item Display
1: TEMP. & C / F Select the unit of temperature for atmospheric
UNIT SET PRES. hPa / mmHg / correction. Select the unit of air pressure for
inHg atmospheric correction .
ANGLE DEG (360) / Choose degree, gon or mil unit for measuring
GON (400G) / angle.
MIL (6400M)
DISTANCE METER / FEET / Choose measuring unit for distance meter , feet
FEET and inch or feet and inch
FEET US SURVEY / Select the meter / feet conversion factor.
INTERNATIONAL US SURVEY feet
1m=3.280833333333333 ft.
INTERNATIONAL feet
1m=3.280839895013123 ft.
2: POWER ON ANGLE MEAS./ Select to set the measurement mode for angle or
MODE MODE DISTANCE MEAS. distance when the power is turned on.
SET FINE / CRS / FINE / COARSE / Select Fine /Coarse / Tracking mode in distance
TRK TRACK measurement mode, when the power is turned
on.
HD&VD / SD HD&VD /SD Specify which is displayed first, horizontal and
vertical distance or slope distance, when the
power is turned on.
V ANGLE Zenith 0 / Choose the vertical angle reading from zenith or
Z0 / H0 Horizontal 0 from level.
N-TIMES / N-TIMES / Select the measurement mode for distance when
REPEAT REPEAT the power is turned on.
TIMES OF 0~99 Set N (number of times) for times of distance
MEAS. measurement. When setting number of times as
1, it is single measurement.
NEZ / ENZ NEZ / ENZ Select a coordinate displaying order either NEZ
or ENZ.
HA ON / OFF Horizontal angle set can be retained after the
MEMORY power is turned off.
ESC KEY DATA COLLECT / You can select a function of the [ESC] key.
MODE LAYOUT / REC / DATA COLLECT / LAYOUT: It is possible to
OFF enter data input mode (in DATA COLLECT) or
Layout Menu from normal measuring mode
directly.
REC: While executing normal or offset measur-
ing, the measuring data can be output.
OFF: Returns to normal function.
COORD. ON / OFF Select coordinate displaying ON or OFF when
CHECK setting a point.

8-35 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Menu Items Selecting item Display
EDM OFF 0-99 The time when EDM is cut off from distance
TIME measurement is completed can be changed.
This function is effective for shortening the first
time measuring time when distance measure-
ment is started from distance measurement com-
pleting state. (Default: 3minutes)
0: After completing distance measurement,
EDM is cut off immediately.
1-98 : EDM is cut off after 1~98 minutes.
99 : EDM is always switched ON.
FINE 0.2 / 1mm Select 1mm or 0.2mm for the minimum reading
READING unit in the distance mode (FINE mode).
OFFSET V FREE / HOLD Select Vertical angle setting in the Angle Offset
ANG measurement mode.
FREE: Vertical angle varies by the angle of the
telescope.
HOLD: Vertical angle is fixed even if the angle
of the telescope changes.
3: H-ANGLE ON / OFF Specify whether the buzzer sounds or not for
OTHERS BUZZER every horizontal angle 90.
SET S/A BUZZER ON / OFF Specify whether the buzzer sounds or not in the
set audio mode.
W-CORRECTION OFF / K=0.14 / Set correction for refraction and earth curvature,
K=0.20 coefficient of refraction as ; K=0.14, K=0.20 or
no correction.
NEZ ON / OFF It is possible to retain the coordinate of instru-
MEMORY ment point, the instrument height and prism
height after power off.
REC TYPE REC-A / REC-B Select REC-A or REC-B for data output.
REC-A : The measurement is made again and
this new data is output.
REC-B : The data being displayed is output.
CR, LF ON / OFF It is possible to output the data with carriage
return and line feed.
NEZ REC STANDARD / Select the format of the record coordinates data
FORM STANDARD STANDARD: 11 digits standard data
(12dig) / STASNDARD (12dig): 12 digits standard data
with RAW with RAW: 11digits standard data with raw data
with RAW (12dig) with RAW (12dig): 12digits standard data with
raw data
MANUAL ON/ OFF In the layout mode or data collect mode, it is
NEZ REC possible to record coordinates entered directly
from the keyboard.
LANGUAGE * ENGLISH/ Select the displaying language.
OTHER *

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-36


Menu Items Selecting item Display
3: ACK MODE STANDARD / Set the procedure of the communication with
OTHERS OMITTED external device.
SET STANDARD: Normal procedure
OMITTED: Even though the [ACK] is omitted
from the external device, the data
is not sent again.
GRID USE G.F. / Select using GRID FACTOR in calculation of
FACTOR DONT USE measurement data.
CUT & FILL STANDARD / In the layout mode, CUT & FILL can be dis-
CUT&FILL played instead of dZ.
ECHO BACK ON / OFF It is possible to output the data of echo back
type.
CONTRAST ON / OFF When the instrument is turned ON, it is possible
MENU to display the screen which you can adjust con-
trast of the display and confirm the prism con-
stant (PSM) and atmospheric correction value
(PPM).
* LANGUAGE selection is different in each country.

8-4-2 How to Set Selecting Mode


<Example> : Setting unit in hPa, F, NEZ MEMORY: ON

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 While pressing [F2] key, turn power ON. [F2] PARAMETERS 2


+ F1:UNIT SET
F2:MODE SET
Power ON F3:OTHERS SET

2 Press [F1] (UNIT SET ) key. [F1] UNIT SET 1/2


F1:TEMP. & PRES.
F2:ANGLE
F3:DISTANCE P

3 Press [F1] (TEMP. & PRES.) key. [F1] TEMP. & PRES. UNIT
TEMP. : C
PRES. : mmHg
C F --- ENTER

4 Press [F2] (F) key, and press [F4] (ENTER) key. [F2] TEMP. & PRES. UNIT
[F4] TEMP. : F
PRES. : mmHg
hPa mmHg inHg ENTER

5 Press [F1] (hPa) key, and press [F4] (ENTER) key. [F1] UNIT SET 1/2
Returns to unit set menu. [F4] F1:TEMP. & PRES.
F2:ANGLE
F3:DISTANCE

8-37 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Operating procedure Operation Display

6 Press [ESC] key. [ESC] PARAMETERS 2


Returns to PARAMETERS 2 menu. F1:UNIT SET
F2:MODE SET
F3:OTHERS SET

7 Press [F3] (OTHERS SET) key. [F3] OTHERS SET 1/5


F1:H-ANGLE BUZZER
F2:S/A BUZZER
F3:W-CORRECTION P

8 Press [F4] (P) key, to get the function in page 2. [F4] OTHERS SET 2/5
F1:NEZ MEMORY
F2:REC TYPE
F3:CR,LF P

9 Press [F1] key. [F1] NEZ MEMORY [OFF]

[ON] [OFF] --- ENTER

10 Press [F1] (ON) key, and press [F4] (ENTER) key. [F1] OTHERS SET 2/5
Returns to OTHERS SET menu. [F4] F1:NEZ MEMORY
F2:REC TYPE
F3:CR,LF P

11 Power off Power OFF

Up or down arrow key can be used when there are four or more selection items.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 8-38


9. ANGULAR MEASUREMENT READING SYSTEM REPAIRS
9-1 How to Use the Angular Measurement System Unit Positioning Tools
9-1-1 Tools

The following tools are necessary for positioning the angular measurement system units (CCD unit and LED
unit).

1 Storage oscilloscope (ST-SY-04 or ST-SY-05)


Used to adjust the CCD signal when positioning the CCD unit and LED unit.
Note: Refer to the instruction manual of the oscilloscope for its function and operation.

2 CCD display tool (ST-DT-01)


Used to input the center value, to set the integral count and to check the angular measurement display
when positioning and adjusting each unit.

3 (H) angular measurement LED lighting tool (ST-CD-01)


Used as a tool LED when positioning the horizontal angular measurement LED unit.

4 Connecting cable (ST-GS-23)


Connects the CCD display tool to the (H) angular measurement LED unit cable.

5 Connecting cable (ST-GS-24)


Connects the CCD display tool to the (V) CCD unit cable.

6 (V) CCD lighting tool (ST-CD-02)


Used as a tool LED when positioning the vertical CCD unit.

9-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


9-1-2 How to connect the tools

Strage oscilloscope :
Made by Tektronix. TDS-3032 (ST-SY-04)
TDS-3032B (ST-SY-05)
Tool ON/OFF switch
CCD display tool
(ST-DT-01)
Connecting cable
(ST-GS-23 / ST-GS-24)

Lighting tool
(ST-CD-01/ST-CD-02)

(1) Connect CH1 and CH2 of the storage oscilloscope (ST-SY-04 or ST-SY-05) to the terminals (CCD out and
TRG) of the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01). Connect the GND of the CH1/CH2 probes to the GND of the
CCD display tool.

(2) Connect the connectors of the (H) angular measurement LED lighting tool (ST-CD-01) and (V) CCD
lighting tool (ST-CD-02) to the CCD display tool.

(3) Connect the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01) to AC100V outlet.

(4) Connect the connecting cables (H: ST-GS-23, V: ST-GS-24) to the CCD cable.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-2


9-1-3 How to operate the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01)

R/L V/%
REP
HOLD 0 SET
POWER
FUNC

(1) Operation procedure of factory mode

Turn on the [POWER] key.

0.05
MAINTENANCE
FACTorY

HOLD

CCd C. P Check of the PAT and PWM values by


MAINTENANCE inputting the center value and integral (P. 9-4)
FAC 1 count To (2) Display shift 1

HOLD

CCd rEP
CCD waveform continuous output
MAINTENANCE (P. 9-5)
To (3) Display shift 2
FAC 2

HOLD

HOLD PHASE
Phase allowance check
MAINTENANCE
To (4) Display shift 3 (P. 9-6)
FAC 3

9-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(2) Display shift 1
Factory mode 1: Check of the PAT and PWM values by inputting the center value and integral count
* Here it is possible to access the H2 setting display but it is not connected to the internal circuit of the
CCD display tool (ST-DT-01). Perform operation for the H1/H2 angular measurement units on the
H1 setting display.
The PWM value displayed on the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01) is different from that of the instrument.

CCd C. P
MAINTENANCE
FAC 1

0 SET V/%

The center
value blinks. Set H1. Set H2. Set V1.
V/% V/%
1016 05 0976 05 1056 05
1 MAINTENANCE 2 MAINTENANCE 1 MAINTENANCE
Change the center
H value with the H V
key.

0 SET
Integral count blinks.
Move the digit
1016 05 with the or
1 MAINTENANCE key and change the
integral count with
H the key.

The center value and integral


0 SET count are determined.

1016 05 Hereafter, same as H1.


R/L
1 MAINTENANCE
H

Measurement starts for


0 SET the PAT and PWM values.

1016 05
1 MAINTENANCE
H 101 18.3
PWM value PAT value
0 SET
The display appears
for 1 second and
then the system
shifts to the next
1 MAINTENANCE CCD setting. 1 MAINTENANCE
H SET V SET

The display appears for 1 second


and then the FAC1 menu is reset.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-4


(3) Display shift 2
Factory mode 2: CCD waveform continuous output (Repeat mode)
Output the CCD waveforms continuously to check them.
On each waveform display, the integral count and the PWM value are indicated.
* Here it is possible to access the H2 waveform display but it is not connected to the internal circuit of
the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01). Perform operation for the H1/H2 angular measurement units on
the H1 setting display.

CCd rEP
MAINTENANCE
FAC

0 SET

Integral count H1 waveform is displayed.

0 SET 05 101 PWM value


1 MAINTENANCE
H

HOLD

H2 waveform is displayed.

0 SET
05 100
2 MAINTENANCE
H

HOLD

V1 waveform is displayed.

0 SET 05 106 HOLD


1 MAINTENANCE
V

* When checking each waveform, its size can be changed by changing


the integral count with the or key.

9-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


(4) Display shift 3
Factory mode 3: Phase allowance check
Display the phase allowance (Phases a, b and c), integral count and angular measurement value
of each CCD unit.
* Here it is possible to access the H2 waveform display but it is not connected to the internal circuit of
the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01). Perform operation for the H1/H2 angular measurement units on
the H1 setting display.

PHASE
MAINTENANCE
FAC 3
Phase a
0 SET Phase b
Phase c
Integral count Check H1.

0 SET 05 9. 8. 9
1 MAINTENANCE
H 317 14' 10"
Angular measurement value
HOLD

Check H2.

0 SET
05 9. 9. 9
2 MAINTENANCE
H 135 57' 55"

HOLD

Check V1.

0 SET 05 9. 8. 9 HOLD
1 MAINTENANCE
V 350 38' 58"

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-6


9-2 Angular Measurement System Unit Installation Adjustment
9-2-1 (H) angular measurement system unit installation adjustment

Note: The CCD waveform is influenced by the disturbing light. Darken the vicinity of the unit when
adjusting.

Procedure Illustration

1 Recording the center value


The seal on which the center value is written is
adhered on the side of the holder of the (H) angu-
lar measurement LED unit. Record this center
value.

2 Temporary setting of (H) angular measurement (H) angular


LED unit measurement
Set the (H) angular measurement LED unit tem- LED unit
porarily with the screws (CR2.65). (Make sure
that the optical receiving face of the CCD unit
does not touch the scale.)

3 Connection
Connect the (H) angular measurement LED unit
to the connecting cable (ST-GS-23) of the CCD
display tool.
Connect the two probes of the storage oscillo-
scope (ST-SY-04 or ST-SY-05) to the terminals
of the CCD display tool.
Connect the CCD display tool to the (H) angular
measurement LED lighting tool (ST-CD-01).

9-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

4 Tool installation
1 Fit the (H) angular measurement LED lighting
tool (ST-CD-01) into the holder of the angular
measurement unit.

5 Setting of storage oscilloscope


1 Set the storage oscilloscope (ST-SY-04 or ST-
SY-05) as referring to the following figures.
2 Set the positions for the cursor 1 and 2 of the
storage oscilloscope according to the center
value written on the (H) angular measurement
LED unit.

(Example)
When the center value is 1056
At the same time the cursors 1 and 2 on the stor-
age oscilloscope show the following values.
Cursor 1=318S, Cursor 2=1401S
When the center value is 976
Cursor 1=252S, Cursor 2=1335S
When the center value is 1016
Cursor 1=286S, Cursor 2=1367S
When the center value is 1096
Cursor 1=351S, Cursor 2=1432S
When the center value is 1136
Cursor 1=383S, Cursor 2=1466S

Cursor 1 Cursor 2
(318s) (1401s)

Contents of setting

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-8


Procedure Illustration

6 (H) angular measurement LED positioning adjust-


ment
1 Turn on the main switch of the CCD display
tool, and the tool LED is lit.
2 Set the continuous output mode (repeat mode)
according to 9-1-3 How to operate the CCD
display tool (ST-DT-01) (P. 9-5). Adjust the
volume of ST-CD-01 so that the waveform of
storage oscilloscope may be as illustrated
(Fig. 1).
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.
Fig. 1
Cursor 1 Cursor 2

3 Move the (H) angular measurement LED unit


back and forth so that the start section ( a , b )
of the CCD signal waveform may contact with a b
the cursors 1 and 2. (Fig. 2)
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Cursor 1 Fig. 2 Cursor 2

9-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

* When the unit is moved and the signals ( a , b )


on both sides dont contact with the cursors 1
a b
and 2, there is no problem under the illustrated
conditions (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4).

Condition of Fig. 3
The start section a of CCD signal is protruded
outside by the same width as b , against the cur-
sors 1 and 2 . a = b

Cursor 1 Fig. 3 Cursor 2

Condition of Fig. 4
The start section a of CCD signal is proturded a b
inside by the same width as b against the cursors
1 and 2 . a = b

Cursor 1 Fig. 4 Cursor 2

* If the waveform is as illustrated in Fig. 5 (the


deviation of waveform on both sides against the
cursors 1 and 2 is not uniform), it is NG.
Replace the unit.

Condition of Fig. 5
The start section of CCD signal is not uniform
against the cursors 1 to 2.

Cursor 1 Fig. 5 Cursor 2

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-10


Procedure Illustration

7 Setting of center value and integral time


Center value Integral count
Set the center value and integral count according
to 9-1-3 How to operate the CCD display tool
1016 05
(ST-DT-01) (P. 9-4).
1 MAINTENANCE
Center value: Value written on the each angular
measurement LED unit H
Integral count: Set 5 (5 is a fixed value.)

8 Check of pattern pitch (P. 9-6)


1 After inputting the center value and integral
1016 05
count, the pattern pitch (PAT) is displayed by
1 MAINTENANCE
operating the CCD display tool.
2 Make sure that the pattern pitch (PAT) is H 101 18.3
within 17.7~19.3.
PAT
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

9 Check of LED light intensity (P. 9-6)


1 The LED light intensity (PWM) is displayed 1016 05
on the pattern pitch checking display. 1 MAINTENANCE
2 Make sure that the PWM value is within
H 101 18.3
90~120 counts.
Note: When checking, make the condition as PWM
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

9-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

10 Check of reading range


1 Set the positions for the cursors 1 and 2 of the
storage oscilloscope according to the center
value.
Refer to the following figure for setting.
When the center value is 1056
At the same time the cursors 1 and 2 on the stor-
age oscilloscope show the following values.
Cursor 1=615S, Cursor 2=1104S
When the center value is 976
Cursor 1=550S, Cursor 2=1038S
When the center value is 1016
Cursor 1=583S, Cursor 2=1071S
When the center value is 1096
Cursor 1=648S, Cursor 2=1136S
When the center value is 1136
Cursor 1=680S, Cursor 2=1169S

Cursor 1 Cursor 2

Contents of setting

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-12


Procedure Illustration
2 Remove the CCD lighting tool from the holder. Uniform
3 Set the continuous output mode (repeat mode) illumination range
according to 9-1-3 How to operate the CCD Reading range
display tool (ST-DT-01) (P. 9-5).
4 At the same time the waveform of storage
oscilloscope is as illustrated (Fig. 6).
5 Make sure that the range in which the CCD
signal waveform is flat [uniform illumination
range] is within the reading range.
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Cursor 1 Fig. 6 Cursor 2

11 Check of CCD signal


1 Clean the scale. The signal is missing because of dust.
2 Set the repeat mode according to 9-1-3 How
to operate the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01)
(P. 9-5).
3 As turning the vertical axis, watch the screen
of the storage oscilloscope to check the CCD
or scale for dust or soil. If the CCD signal
waveform is not correct as illustrated (Fig. 7),
clean the face of the scale or CCD.
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Fig. 7

12 Check of angle display


1 Select the angle setting mode according to 9- Phase a
1-3 How to operate the CCD display tool (ST- Phase b
DT-01) (P. 9-6) Phase c
2 Turn the center axis slowly and watch the
05 9. 8. 9
angle reading of the CCD display tool. Make
1 MAINTENANCE
sure that there is no part whose angle is not
detected. (Example : -- --' --") H 317 14' 10"
3 At the same time, make sure that the phase
allowance (Phases a, b and c) is not 3 or
less when rotation has stopped.

9-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


9-2-2 (V) angular measurement system unit installation adjustment
Procedure Illustration

1 Unit installation
1 Temporary setting of (V) CCD unit
Set the (V) CCD unit temporarily with the 2
screws (CR2.66B).
(V) angular measurement holder unit
2 Installation of (V) angular measurement
holder unit
Install the (V) angular measurement holder unit
to the (V) CCD unit with the 2 screws (CR24
with washer).

2 Tool installation
Connect the connecting cable (ST-GS-24) to the
cable of the (V) angular measurement holder unit.

Connecting cable
(ST-GS-24)

3 Setting of storage oscilloscope


1 Set up the storage oscilloscope (ST-SY-04 or
ST-SY-05).
Refer to P. 9-2 for setting.
2 Set the cursors 1 and 2 according to the center
value.
(Set the cursors 1 and 2 on the storage oscillo-
scope to the following values.)
Cursor 1 = 318S
Cursor 2 = 1401S

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-14


Procedure Illustration

4 Connection of (V) CCD lighting tool


Fit the (V) CCD lighting tool (ST-CD-02), which
is connected to the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01),
into the holder of the angular measurement LED
unit.

(V) CCD lighting tool


(ST-CD-02)

5 Setting of center value and integral count


Center value Integral count
1 Set the center value 1056 according to 9-1-
3 How to operate the CCD display tool (ST- 1056 05
DT-01) (P. 9-4). 1 MAINTENANCE
2 After setting the center value, set the integral
count 5. V

6 Check of pattern pitch (P. 9-4)


1 After inputting the center value and integral 1056 05
count, the pattern pitch (PAT) is displayed by 1 MAINTENANCE
operating the CCD display tool (ENT key). V 101 18.3
2 Make sure that the pattern pitch (PAT) is
within 17.7~19.3. PAT
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

7 Check of LED light intensity (P. 9-4)


1 The LED light intensity (PWM) is displayed
1056 05
1 MAINTENANCE
on the pattern pitch checking display.
2 Make sure that the PWM value is within V 101 18.3
90~120 counts.
PWM
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

9-15 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

8 (V) angular measurement LED positioning adjust- Cursor 1 Cursor 2


ment (318s) (1408s)
1 Turn on the main switch of the CCD display
tool, and the tool LED is lit. At the same time
the waveform on the storage oscilloscope is as
illustrated. (Fig. 1)

FIg. 1

2 Loosen the two mounting screws of the (V)


CCD unit.

3 Set the repeat mode according to 9-1-3 How


to operate the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01)
(P. 9-5).

Cursor 1 Cursor 2
(318s) (1408s)
4 Move the angular measurement LED holder
left and right so that the start section ( a , b )
of the CCD signal may contact with the cur-
sors 1 and 2 as Fig. 2.
Notes:
1. When the unit is moved and the start section a b
of the CCD signal does not contact with the
cursors 1 and 2, make adjustment with the
same standard (P. 9-9, 9-10) as the (H) angu-
lar measurement adjustment.
2. When checking, make the condition as dark
as possible by covering the instrument with
a blackout curtain, etc.

Fig. 2

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-16


Procedure Illustration

9 Adjustment of reading range Uniform


1 Remove the CCD lighting tool from the illumination range
holder. Reading range
2 Set the storage oscilloscope. (Refer to P. 9-2.)
Set the cursors 1 and 2 on the storage oscillo- Uniform illumination range center
scope to the following values. Reading range center
Cursor 1=615S
Cursor 2=1104S b b'
3 Set the repeat mode according to 9-1-3 How t
to operate the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01) a a'
(P. 9-5).
4 Turn on the main switch of the CCD display
tool, and the LED is lit. At the same time, the
waveform of the storage oscilloscope is as
illustrated (Fig. 3).

Cursor 1 Cursor 2
Fig. 3

Uniform
illumination range
5 Move the (V) angular measurement holder Reading range
unit left and right so that the uniform illumina-
Uniform illumination range center
tion range of the CCD signal waveform on the = Reading range center
storage oscilloscope is approximately at the
b b'
center in the reading range of the cursors 1 and
a a'
2. (Fig. 4)
a=a' b=b'

The reading range must be within the


uniform illumination range.

Note: When checking, make the condition as


dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Cursor 1 Fig. 4 Cursor 2

9-17 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

10 Check of CCD signal


1 Clean the scale.
2 Set the repeat mode according to 9-1-3 How
to operate the CCD display tool (ST-DT-01)
(P. 9-5).
3 As turning the lens barrel, watch the screen of The signal is missing beause of dust.
the storage oscilloscope and check the CCD or
scale for dust or soil. If the CCD signal wave-
form is not correct as Fig. 5, clean the face of
the scale or CCD.
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Fig. 5

11 Check of angle display


1 Set the phase allowance checking mode
according to 9-1-3 How to operate the CCD
display tool (ST-DT-01) (P. 9-6).
2 Turn the lens barrel and watch the angle read-
ing of the CCD display tool. Make sure that
there is no part whose angle is not detected.
(Example : -- --' --")
3 At the same time, make sure that the phase
allowance (Phases a, b and c) is not 3 or
less.
Note: When checking, make the condition as
dark as possible by covering the instru-
ment with a blackout curtain, etc.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-18


9-2-3 Tilt unit installation adjustment
Procedure Illustration

1 Unit installation
Set the tilt unit temporarily with a hexagonal
wrench (M2.5).
Note: Set the washers on the mounting sur-
faces of the tilt unit and standard.

Tilt unit

2 Storing the tilt coefficients


Record the tilt coefficients (K, A) of the tilt unit to
be newly installed.

3 Tool connection
Connect the tilt pull-out cable (ST-GS-26) to the
tilt counter as illustrated.

4 Tilt positioning adjustment


Level the instrument and position the tilt unit.
Tightening torque: 90Ncm (9kgfcm) Tilt unit
Standard: 7 counts (difference between the nor-
mal and reverse)

5 Tilt coefficient input


After assembling the instrument, input the tilt
coefficients (K, A) of the newly-installed tilt.
(Refer to P. 8-9.)

6 Tilt offset input


Input the tilt offset. (Refer to P. 8-10.)

9-19 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


9-3 Horizontal Angle Round Rotation Check
Whether "angle error" occurs in the horizontal angle rotation or not is checked here.
After the angular measurement system has been repaired, carry out this check.
To check "angle error" in vertical angle rotation, turn the lens barrel unit manually. You can check it in the
same way as the horizontal angle rotation.
(Necessary tools)
Horizontal angle round rotation tool (ST-HK-02)
Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01)

9-3-1 Preparation for checking


Procedure Operation Illustration and display

(1) Set the product on the horizontal angle round


rotation tool (ST-HK-02).
Notes:
When setting the product, release the hori-
zontal motion clamp.
Set the horizontal tangent screw against the
stopper of the horizontal angle round rota-
tion tool.
Connect the motor cable to the constant-
voltage power supply.

Stopper Horizontal angle round


rotation tool
(ST-HK-02)

(2) Open [6/6] in the factory mode. FACTORY MODE [6/6]


Refer to the operation procedure (P. 8-3). F1:A/D CVT DATA
F2:SPECIAL SELECT
F3:ANG CHECK MODE

(3) Press the [F3] key to select ANG CHECK F3 ANG CHECK MODE
MODE. F1:SPEED TURN
F2:RESULT
F3:ERASE FILE

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-20


9-3-2 Horizontal angle round rotation check and measurement
Procedure Operation Illustration and display

(1) Press the [F1] key to select SPEED TURN. ANG CHECK MODE
F1
F1:SPEED TURN
F2:RESULT
F3:ERASE FILE

[F1]
The values in the right display are as follows.
2nd line: V angle data SPEED TURN
3rd line: H angle data V : 9000'00"0-000
3-digit value at the right: Times of error HR: 18000'00"0-000
occurrence ERR:

(2) Set the constant-voltage power supply to SPEED TURN


3.0V0.1V and turn on the power. The V : 9000'00"0-000
motor of the round rotation checking tool HR: 22000'00"0-000
starts. ERR:
* When checking the V angle, the V value is (During the round rotation,
renewed by turning the lens barrel manu- the HR value is renewed in
ally and slowly. the linkage operation.)

(3) When one round H angle rotation is com- SPEED TURN


pleted, the renewal of the HR angle on the V : 9000'00"0-000
display stops and Finish is displayed on HR: 18000'00"0-000
the 4th line. ERR: Finish!
Note: If the data on the display are as follows, (Measurement completion display)
there is no problem.
000 is displayed as times of error
occurrence at the right 3-digit value
place.
The value of ERR: is not dis-
played.
When checking the V angle, Fin-
ish is not displayed even if one
round rotation is done.

9-21 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Operation Illustration and display

(4) When an error of H angle has occurred, the SPEED TURN


following data are displayed on the screen. V : 9000'00"0-000
When an error has occurred during measure- HR: 22000'00"0-001
ERR:632
ment, the following values are displayed on
the screen. (H angle is being measured.)
3-digit value at the right: Error number Times of error
Times of error occurrence occurrence
4th digit:
Error number is displayed.

(5) When one round H angle rotation is com- SPEED TURN


pleted, the renewal of the HR angle on the V : 9000'00"0-000
display stops and Finish is displayed on HR: 18000'00"0-002
the 4th line. ERR:632 Finish!
(Details of the H angle error)
When 002 is displayed at the right 3-digit
position of HR, it means error has
occurred at 2 places.
When E632 is displayed, refer to
ERROR CODE TABLE.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 9-22


9-3-3 Display of measurement result

When the H angle error has occurred in measurement, check the details of the result.

Procedure Operation Illustration and display

(1) Press the [F2] key on [6/6] of the factory


F2 ANG CHECK MODE
mode to select RESULT. F1:SPEED TURN
F2:RESULT
F3:ERASE FILE

[F2]

RESULT 001/002
In the case of the result display, one piece of V : 9000'00"0
error information is shown on one display. (The HR: 22000'00"0
displays in the right show that two errors have ERR:632
occurred.)
(Example) [] [] or []
On the right display, E632 has occurred at or
the H angle [220 00' 00"]. []
RESULT 002/002
On the right display, E631 has occurred at V : 9000'00"0
the H angle [40 00' 00"]. HR: 4000'00"0
ERR:631

(Deletion of the result storage file)


To delete the file in which the measurement
result is stored, follow the procedure as shown
below.
(1) Press the [F3] key on [6/6] of the factory F3 ANG CHECK MODE
mode to select ERASE FILE. F1:SPEED TURN
F2:RESULT
F3:ERASE FILE

[F3]

(2) To delete the file, select YES. Not to ERASE FILE


delete the file, select NO or [ESC].
--- --- [YES][NO]

9-23 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Display sub unit
(71001 39000)
V brush unit V slip ring unit
(64530 22300) (64530 22400)
Right cover unit
(71001 23100)
Display FFC-R
10-1 Nomenclature

(71001 20180)

To EDM
V-CCD unit
(71001 33300)

Angle measurement
10. PLATE SYSTEM REPAIRS

Tilt A LED unit (V)


J11 (71001 70000) (71001 23300)

10-1
J6
Display FFC-F
J5
(71001 20170)
J13
J9
J4
CPU unit
(71001 3000_) J3
The end number is
different according J2
to models J12
J1 Angle measurement unit (H2) Display sub unit
(71001 33200) (71001 39000)

Angle measurement unit (H1)


(71001 33100)

EXT cable
(71001 29100)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


10-2 Angular Measurement Digital System Repairs
Servicing is to be executed by replacing the respective unit.
After replacing the CPU unit, it is necessary to set the information required for angular measurement reading.
* Information to be set : Input the center value and integral time, and make sure that the integral time and the
values of PWM and PAT are within standard. If these data are not set, normal opera-
tion cannot be guaranteed.
* Necessary tools : Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01), power cable ((ST-PK-02) and synchroscope
(ST-SY-04 or 05)

Procedure Display Remarks

1 Preparation
1 Remove the battery beforehand.
2 Remove the left cover.
3 Set the power supply to DC8.5V0.1V.
4 Connect the power cable to the instru-
ment.
5 Set the factory mode. (Turn on the power
<FACTORY>
as pressing the [F2] and [ANG] keys.) LCD CONT

--- ENTER

2 Press the [F4] key twice to set [2/6] page. FACTORY MODE [2/6]
1:CCD CENTER/PWM
3 Press the [F1] key to access "1:CCD CEN- 2:CCD REPEAT
TER/PWM". 3:CCD PHASE P

4 Input "CENTER" (center value) in the order H1 CENTER1016 The " " mark shows the
beginning with H1. If it is not necessary to CHARGE :05 position which can be
change the data, shift to "CHARGE" with changed.
the [ENT] key. (The center value is written INPUT --- SKIP P
on each of CCD units.)

5 Input "5 counts" to "CHARGE" (integral


time).
(Example)
6 Press the [ENT] key. The instrument sets the H1 CENTER:1016
* Standard
values of PWM and PAT automatically and CHARGE :05 PWM: Within 10~65
displays the results. Make sure that the val- PWM:042 PAT:18.4 counts (Count for con-
ues are within standard. If the values are >OK ? YES NO trolling the LED light
OK, press the [YES] (F3) key. If they are intensity)
NG, press the [NO] key. PAT: Within 17.7~19.3
counts (Pattern pitch)
7 Carry out the above 2~4 for other CCD * If the value is NG,
units. check the CCD waveform
and CCD unit.
(Fig. 1 in P. 6-15, etc.)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 10-2


Procedure Display Remarks

8 Select "3: CCD PHASE" (F3) and check the H1 PHASE * Standard
angular measurement operation. a:9 b:8 c:9 CHRG:06 Values of a, b and c: 4
321 36' 07" counts or more when the
H1 H2 V1 --- instrument is stationary
If the value is 3 counts or
less, check the CCD
waveform and CCD unit.
(P. 6-15)
The instrument must dis-
9 Operate the [F1]~[F3] keys and select the play angles correctly.
displayed CCD unit. Check other units. On
"CCD REPEAT", you can check the CCD
angular measurement waveform with the pin
on the CPU unit. There is one kind of check
pin. By changing the [F1]~[F3] keys, you
can check each unit.

(Check pin and its signal)


TP1: GND
TP2: Connect to TG (trigger signal) ~CH2
of synchroscope. TP1
TP3: Connect to the CCD output~CH1 of
TP3
synchroscope.
TP2

10 Make sure that all the procedures have ended


without problem and then turn off the power.

Example of good waveform :


Refer to Fig. 6 in P. 9-13.

10-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


10-3 Setting of Integral Time
After replacing and adjusting the parts of the angular measurement reading system including the CPU unit,
angular measurement CCD unit and scale, it is necessary to set the integral time as shown below. If this set-
ting is not done properly, the product does not operate correctly.

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 As pressing the [F2] and [ANG] keys,
turn on the power switch. F2
TOPCON GTS-100

ANG

POWER
<FACTORY>
LCD CONT

--- ENTER

2 Press the [F4] key. FACTORY MODE [1/6]


F4
1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
2:TILT K,A
3:TILT OFFSET

3 Press the [F4] key. The factory mode


F4 FACTORY MODE [2/6]
[2/6] is displayed. 1:CCD CENTER/PWM
2:CCD REPEAT
3:CCD PHASE

4 Press the [F1] key to access "1: CCD H1 CENTER1016


F1
CENTER/PWM". CHARGE :00

INPUT --- SKIP ENTER

5 Input the H1 center value (CENTER) After input- H1 CENTER_1016 The center value is
and integral time (CHARGE "05") ting the val- CHARGE :05 described on each
and press the [F4] (ENTER) key. ues CCD unit.
>Measuring... The integral time
F4
"05" is a fixed
value.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 10-4


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
6 The values of PWM and PAT are If the values of
F3 H1 CENTER:1016
automatically calculated. Make sure PWM and PAT are
CHARGE :05
that they are within the standard and PWM:XXX PAT:XX.X out of standard,
press the [F3] (YES) key. >OK ? [YES][NO] the scale, CCD
Standard: PWM 10~65 unit or LED unit
PAT 17.7~19.3 may be dirty (or
installed improp-
erly). Check the
units and perform
the procedure
again.

7 After the input of H1, the H2 input


H2 CENTER1016
display appears. Input the values in CHARGE :00
the same way for H2 and V according
to Procedure 5 and 6. INPUT --- SKIP ENTER

8 When the values of H1, H2 and V are V1 CENTER:1056


F3
inputted and they are within the stan- CHARGE :05
dard, the [REC] display appears and PWM:XXX PAT:XX.X
recording of the set values are ended. >OK ? [YES][NO]

<REC>

10-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11. TELESCOPE (EDM) SYSTEM REPAIRS
Servicing is to be executed by replacing the respective unit. The telescope consists of the following major
components: distance measurement analog unit, distance measurement digital unit, base unit, and objective
unit.
Adjustments and inspections will differ depending on the unit to be replaced. Follow the flow chart below
when executing adjustments and inspections.

Distance measurement digital-analog unit Base unit Objective unit

D-OSC unit
AMP unit

11-7 Telemeter Optical Axis and EDM Optical Axis Adjustment

11-4 Setting of APD Bias

11-5 Reference Output Adjustment

P. 8-8 Vertical angle zero position adjustment: Vertical angle offset setting

P. 8-16 Input of EDM OFFSET L1 / L2 / L3

APPENDIX-1 Inspection Procedure

11-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11-1 Nomenclature

EDM base unit

EDM amplifier unit

Plate on AMP side

Objective unit

Plate on D-OSC side

EDM D-OSC unit

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-2


11-2 Unit Nomenclature and Functions
Unit Appearance Function

Distance measurement Receives the light reflected by the prism,


analog unit amplifies and detects it. Then, makes a wave-
AMP unit form for digital processing.

Distance measurement Modulates the light frequency and sends it for


digital unit distance measurement. Then, lights up the
(Digital-OSC unit) LED. Receives the optical receiving signal from
the analog unit and calculates to obtain the
measured value.

EDM base unit Switches between internal and external light,


and maintains a fixed light intensity.

11-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11-3 Preparation for General Adjustment
Procedure Illustration

1 Tools
(1) Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01)
(2) Power cord (ST-PK-02)
(3) Synchroscope (ST-SY-04 or 05)
(4) Prism 2

2 Removal of upper cover


Remove the cover according to "5-2 Telescope
(EDM) System Disassembly Procedure" (P. 5-15).

3 Connection of power supply GND


Connect the power cord, which is already con-
nected to the constant-voltage power supply, to the SIG
instrument's power connector. (Output : 8.5V0.1)

4 Connection of probe
Connect the probe of synchroscope to the check
pin [SIG] and GND to the check pin [GND].

EDM AMP unit (rear side)


PCB 42

* The above check pins are on the rear of AMP


unit. There, the check pins can be checked by
5 Check and adjustment
removing the EDM upper cover.
Check and adjust as follows.
* When installing or removing the probes, be
[1] Check of APD bias (P. 8-23)
very careful not to break the check pin.
[2] Adjustment of reference level (P. 11-6)

Standard values

Adjusting/setting item High luminance standard

Reference level adjustment 1200 100mV

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-4


11-4 Setting of APD Bias
1) Purpose of setting : Here, set the standard values to operate the distance measurement system (EDM) cor-
rectly within the use temperature range. After adjusting or replacing the parts related
to the distance measurement system, set the values again. If not, normal operation
cannot be guaranteed.
2) How to set : Refer to "APD ADJUST READ" (P. 8-23).

11-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11-5 Reference Output Adjustment
1) Purpose of setting : Here, set the reference level value as standard to operate the distance measurement
system (EDM) correctly. After replacing or adjusting the parts related to the distance
measurement system, adjust the value again. If not, normal operation cannot be guar-
anteed.
2) How to set : Carry out distance measurement (FINE continuous operation). As watching the waveform on
the synchroscope, turn the ND film on the EDM base to adjust the output.

Procedure Display Remarks

1 Preparation
1 Remove the battery beforehand.
2 In "MODE SET" (turn on the power as
pressing the [F2] key), set "FINE FINE 0.2/1mm
[F1: 0.2mm]
0.2mm" beforehand. (Because of the F2: 1mm
0.2mm mode, it is easy to check the SET
waveform.)
3 After setting, turn off the power.

2 Remove the upper cover from the lens barrel


unit.

3 Connect the synchroscope's probe to the


[SIG] pin of the AMP unit. Connect GND to
the [GND] pin.

4 Connect the instrument to the constant-volt-


age power supply. (Output: 7.5V)

5 Turn on the power.

Contents of setting

6 Set the distance measurement mode (slope Before checking the ref-
V : 8149'00"
distance FINE continuous mode) with the erence output waveform,
HR:32259'00"
operating keys. set a prism in front of the
1) How to check the waveform 0SET HOLD HSET P1 objective lens.
The size of waveform is changed at regu-
lar intervals. Make adjustment while the V : 8149'00"
waveform is stable. HR:32259'00"
Now, press the [S/A] (F3) key and check SD*[r] -< m
the waveform in the set audio mode. MEAS MODE S/A P1

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-6


Procedure Display Remarks

2) How to adjust ND film


As watching the waveform, turn the ND Before turning the ND
film on the EDM base to adjust the out- film, remove the screw
put within standard. lock by applying alcohol
a little.
Standard: 1200mV 100mV If alcohol is excessively
applied, the screw lock is
adhered to other parts to
cause malfunction.

7 After adjustment, first make sure that the ref-


erence signal is not changed. Then, install
the cover.

8 Turn off the power. The adjustment is com-


pleted.

9 At last apply the screw lock to the ND film


shaft.

11-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11-6 How to Check Chopper/Circular Operation
1) Purpose : Make sure that the chopper/circular motors of the EDM base unit operate correctly.
2) Preparation : Chopper/circular operation tool (ST-DK-05): 1 unit
Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01): 2 units (for the product and ST-DK-05)
Power cable (ST-PK-02)
Oscilloscope (ST-SY-04/05)
3) How to connect : Connect the devices as referring to the illustration below.
DC5V 0.25V
Chopper/circular
flexible cable
ST-SY-04/05 ST-PS-01 ST-PS-01
ST-DK-05

GND CH1
(TP2) SIG DC8.5V DC5V
(TP1) 0.1V 0.25V

To the instrument's power connector


ST-DK-05

Procedure Illustration

1 Preparation (Removal of flexible cable)


1 Remove the battery beforehand.
A
2 Set the constant-voltage power supply to
+5V0.1V.
3 Remove the flexible cable from the J3 connec-
tor of the D-OSC unit. (Refer to the right illus-
tration.)
4 Connect the removed flexible cable to the spe-
J3 Flexible cable
cial accessory cable sent from the tool (DK- 1 Pull out the part A in the arrow mark ( )
05). direction by taking both ends with tweezers.
2 Lift the part A .
(As illustrated below.)
A

J3 Flexible cable

3 Pull the flexible cable in the arrow mark ( )


direction and remove it from the connector.
Connect the flexible cable to the J3 connec-
tor in the opposite order of the above 1 ~ 3 .
Note: The flexible cable must be set with its
white surface on the top. Insert the
flexible cable to the innermost and then
lock it. Dont pull the flexible cable
unless the part A is moved. Disconnec-
tion may occur.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-8


Procedure Illustration

2 How to operate the tool


1) Explanation of switches
1 POWER: Turns ON/OFF the tool power sup-
ply. ST-DK-05
2 CHOPPER: Changes the chopper direction, EXT INT CW CCW

from "inside" (INT) to "outside" (EXT) and


vice versa. (Also turns ON/OFF.) OFF
EXT
INT CW CCW
ON ON
3 CIRCULAR: This is a switch of circular oper-
CHOP. CIR.
ation. OFF OFF
4
3
4 CIRCULAR Rotary SW: Changes the direc- POWER CHOPPER CIRCULAR
1 2
tion of circular rotation.

2) How to check operation


1 Chopper operation: Set "distance measure-
ment" in the instrument and change the switch
from "INT" to "EXT". If the product is nor-
mal, you can check a red circle (in "EXT")
through the objective unit. If you see a red cir-
cle in "INT", the motor may not operate nor-
mally.
2 Circular operation: As checking the REF. Si
signal waveform on the synchroscope, operate
the CIRCULAR switch. If the product is nor-
mal, the rotation is stable. If the waveform
changes according to the stable rotation, there
is no problem. If the motor stops rotating dur-
ing operation, it is necessary to replace the
motor.

Refer to P. 11-6 for setting the synchroscope.

11-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


11-7 Telemeter Optical Axis and EDM Optical Axis Adjustment
Be sure to do the following adjustments after replacing the distance measurement analog unit, base unit, or
objective unit.
(1) Optical reception/emission focusing position adjustment
This aligns the optical axes for optical reception and emission.

Procedure Illustration

1 Install the optical receiving and optical emitting


fibers on the base with 2 screws for each. Screws

Optical receiving
fiber

Screws

Optical emitting fiber

2 Use 2 screws to install the base unit on the adjust-


ment collimator (ST-AC-01).

3 Position the chopper and circular wedge outward


(distance measurement).
Use a screwdriver to turn the circular.

Fiber

Chopper Circular wedge

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-10


Procedure Illustration

4 Install the optical receiving fiber adapter (ST-ID-


8A), optical receiving fiber cap, and optical emit-
ting fiber cap on the illuminator (ST-ID-01~03).

Adjustment collimator Micrometer for focusing

Light source

5 Use the collimator to focus the optical receiving


Micrometer
and optical emitting images.
Obtain the read values of the micrometer when the
optical emitting image is in focus and when the
optical receiving image is in focus and calculate
the difference between the two read values. Insert
the adjusting washer (0.1, 0.05 or 0.02) equivalent
to the difference into the fiber cap.

When the difference between the read values is


positive :
Insert the washer into the optical receiving
fiber cap.
When the difference between the read values is
negative :
Insert the washer into the optical emitting (Example)
fiber cap. Read value when the optical emitting image is
in focus: 6.55
Focusing accuracy: 0.02 Read value when the optical receiving image
is in focus: 6.50
Difference between the read values:
6.55-6.50=+0.05
In the above case, insert the adjusting washer of
0.05 into the optical receiving fiber cap.

11-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

6 Match the optical receiving and optical emitting


images.
(1) Loosen the 3 position adjustment screws and
move the optical receiving base to match the
optical receiving and optical emitting images.
(2) The position offset must be within 1/10.
Optical receiving Optical emitting

Circular
Chopper

Within 1/10

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-12


(2) Telemeter axis and telescope optical axis adjustment
This aligns the telemeter axis with the telescope optical axis.

Procedure Illustration

1 Place the instrument on the collimator base.

2 Objective focusing
Turn the objective lens unit and collimate infinity
and 1.3m.

3 Perpendicularity check of horizontal axis and line


of sight.
If the perpendicularity is off, adjust with the left
and right reticle adjustment screws.
[Refer to APPENDIX1-1 Theodolite System Accu-
racy Inspection (P. APPENDIX-3).]

4 Install the optical axis adjustment light source Optical emitting side
(ST-DA-16).

11-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Illustration

5 Set the chopper to distance measurement side by


Optical emitting fiber
using the tool (ST-DK-05). While viewing from
the objective side, a 0.5 point of light should be
visible on either half of the lens.

Distance measurement side


Chopper

6 EDM axis alignment Dichroic holder


Move the dichroic holder and the base to align the
optical emitting image with the center of the scale. Dichroic holder mounting screw
(1) Face the EDM base toward the collimator and
move it forward and backward. The optical
emitting image will then move right and left.
(2) Move the dichroic holder in the turning direc-
tion.
The optical emitting image will then move up Chopper Left, right
and down.
Use the dichroic holder to move the image by
1' in the vertical direction. In other cases,
you can use the up/down reticle adjustment
screws.

7 EDM focusing
Turn the objective lens unit and adjust while look-
ing through the servicing collimator's eyepiece.
To focus the EDM axis, adjust the optical emitting 50" or less
image to be fit to the center of the scale while
monitoring the result of turning the objective lens
unit. When the objective unit and the dichroic
holder are moved, the intersection of the horizon-
tal axis and line of sight will be incorrect. There- 6'
fore, readjust so that the EDM axis (optical Optical
emitting image) is fit to the center of the scale. emitting image
Alignment accuracy of 50" or less.
Note: After the adjustment, the height zero
position will be incorrect. Be sure to exe-
cute Vertical zero position adjustment:
Vertical angle offset setting (P. 8-8).

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 11-14


12. UPLOAD OF SOFTWARES
The instrument of the GTS-100N series operates with the following software configuration.

Software Unit Description


MAIN CPU UNIT Software to control the angular measurement, tilt, and EDM, to dis-
play on the screen, and to control the power supply, keyboard and
communication, etc.
Language 1 CPU UNIT Software for the display configuration data applicable to a variety of
languages (1)
Language 2 CPU UNIT Software for the display configuration data applicable to a variety of
languages (2)
Language 3 CPU UNIT Software for the display configuration data applicable to a variety of
languages (3)
Font CPU UNIT Software for the 2-byte font data
EDM D-OSC UNIT Software to control EDM

Execute upload of the softwares according to the order of precedence as shown below.
1 MAIN P. 12-2
2 Language 1 ~ 3 P. 12-10
3 Font P. 12-16

* The English display configuration data and the 1-byte font are packaged in the MAIN software.
* Version up is not performed for the EDM software.
* The Font file does not have the version number.

12-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


12-1 Check of Software Version
Tools to be used: Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01) and power cable (ST-PK-02)
1 MAIN Language software

Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the con-


stant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-
01) with the power cable (ST-PK-02)
and the tool power supply (ST-DA-
34).

3 As pressing the [MENU] key, press [MENU] Ver. S1.02 MAIN software
the [POWER] key to turn on the + Jp2.27 Language 1
power. The versions of the MAIN [POWER] CN2.27 Language 2
software and the language files are EXIT
displayed.

After a few seconds, the check sum is Ver. S1.02 E75F


Jp2.27
displayed at the upper right on the CN2.27
screen. EXIT

4 Check the version of the MAIN soft- Check the version.


ware and the check sum. Check the
check sum.
* If the check sum is not correct,
upload is not normally finished.
Perform upload again. Ver. S1.02 E75F
Jp2.27
CN2.27
EXIT

5 Press the [POWER] key to turn off [POWER]


the power.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-2


2 EDM software

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the con-


stant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-
01) with the power cable (ST-PK-02)
and the tool power supply (ST-DA-
34).

3 As pressing the [F2] and [ANG] [F2] <FACTORY>


keys, press the [POWER] key to turn + LCD CONT
on the power. The factory mode is [ANG] S.N.:123456
displayed. + S.N. ENTER
[POWER]

4 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] FACTORY MODE [1/6]
factory mode menu is displayed. 1:V ANGLE 0 OFFSET
2:TILT K,A
3:TILT OFFSET

5 Press the [F4] (P) key twice. "FAC- [F4] FACTORY MODE [3/6]
TORY MODE [3/6]" is displayed. [F4] 1:EDM VERSION
2:EDM OFFSET
3:EDM COUNT DATA

6 Press the [F1] (EDM VERSION) key. [F1]


The EDM software version is dis- <EDM>
played for a few seconds and then
"FACTORY MODE [3/6]" appears [Ver. 2.01]
again.

7 Press the [POWER] key to turn off [POWER]


the power.

12-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


12-2 Upload of Softwares
Tools to be used: Constant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-01), power cable (ST-PK-02), F-4 cable, PC and
master CD
1 MAIN software

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the con-


stant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-
01) with the power cable (ST-PK-02).

3 Connect the instrument to PC with


the F-4 cable.

4 Turn on the power of PC and insert


the master CD.

5 Start the Windows Explorer.

6 Double-click the CD drive to open [CD drive]


the CD.
* The volume label name may not be
same because of the issue date of
the master CD.

7 Double-click the [GTS100N] folder [GTS100N]


to open the folder.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-4


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
8 Double-click [GTSLOAD.exe] to [GTSLOAD
start "GTS loader". .exe]

9 Select the communication port to be


used by PC with the [ ] button of
the "Port" column.
* The initial setting is "COM1".

10 Set the communication speed


between PC and the instrument to
"38400" with the [ ] button of the
"Speed" column.
* The initial setting is "38400".

11 Click [Send] of "Program". The [Send]


upload status check display appears
and PC is in the upload waiting con-
dition.

12-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
12 In the instrument, as pressing the [F3] [F3] <LOADER>
key, press the [POWER] key to turn + LCD CONT
on the power. The loader mode is [POWER]
displayed. DOWN UP --- ENTER

13 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] Loader Menu


loader menu is displayed. F1:Program Area
F2:DATA Area
F4:Protocol

14 Press the [F4] (Protocol) key. The [F4] X-Modem protocol R


communication speed setting display
appears. [38400]bps
DOWN UP --- ENTER

15 Make sure that the communication [F4] Loader Menu


speed is 38400bps and press the [F4] F1:Program Area
(ENTER) key. The communication F2:DATA Area
speed is set and the loader menu F4:Protocol
appears again.

* If the communication speed is not [F1] or [F2]


38400bps, select "38400bps" with
the [F1] (DOWN) or the [F2] (UP)
key and then press the [F4]
(ENTER) key.

16 Press the [F1] (Program Area) key. Program Area


The mode selection display appears. F1:Load
F2:Send

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-6


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
17 Press the [F1] (Load) key. The load [F1] Load
menu is displayed. F1:Program Load
F2:Language Load
F3:Font Load

18 Press the [F1] (Program Load) key. [F1]


Upload starts from PC to the instru- Program Loading
ment.

On the upload status check display of


PC, the display title [Send-wait] is
changed to [Sending].

The upload progress is displayed.

When upload is ended, the display


title [Sending] is changed to [Send-
wait] and PC is in the upload waiting
condition.

When upload is ended, the upload


finish check display appears on the Load success
instrument.

12-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
* If the display title [Send-wait] is
not changed to [Sending] on the
upload status check display of PC
when upload starts, upload is not
performed. Check the connection
and the communication setting
again.

19 On the upload status check display of [Cancel]


PC, click the [Cancel] button. The
upload status check display is closed
and the GTS-loader menu appears
again.

20 On the upload finish check display of [ENT] Load


the instrument, press the [ENT] key. F1:Program Load
The load menu appears again. F2:Language Load
F3:Font Load

From now on, carry out the procedure


below if you want to perform upload
of the following files.

When you want to perform upload


of the Language file, perform Pro-
cedure 11 on P.12-11 and Procedure
18 and after on P.12-13.

When you want to perform upload


of the Font file, perform Procedure
11 on P.12-17 and Procedure 18 and
after on P.12-19.

21 Press the [POWER] key of the instru- [POWER]


ment to turn off the power.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-8


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
22 Refer to "12-1 Check of Software Check the version.
Version" and check if upload is done Check the
check sum.
correctly.

Ver. S1.02 E75F


Jp2.27
CN2.27
EXIT

23 Remove the power cable (ST-PK-02)


and F-4 cable from the instrument.

24 Click the [Exit] button on "GTS [Exit]


loader" of PC. "GTS loader" is
ended.

25 Take out the master CD and turn off


PC.

12-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


2 Language software

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the con-


stant-voltage power supply (ST-PS-
01) with the power cable (ST-PK-02)
and the tool power supply (ST-DT-34).

3 Connect the instrument to PC with


the F-4 cable.

4 Turn on the power of PC and insert


the master CD.

5 Start the Windows Explorer.

6 Double-click the CD drive to open [CD drive]


the CD.
* The volume label name may not be
same because of the issue date of
the master CD.

7 Double-click the [GTS100N] folder [GTS100N]


to open the folder.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-10


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
8 Double-click [GTSLOAD.exe] to [GTSLOAD
start "GTS loader". .exe]

9 Select the communication port to be


used by PC with the [ ] button of
the "Port" column.

* The initial setting is "COM1".

10 Set the communication speed


between PC and the instrument to
"38400" with the [ ] button of the
"Speed" column.

* The initial setting is "38400".

11 Click [Send] of "Language". The [Send]


upload status check display appears
and PC is in the upload waiting con-
dition.

Example: Language 1 (Japanese dis-


play file)

* The English display file is pack-


aged with the MAIN software.

12-11 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
12 In the instrument, as pressing the [F3] [F3] <LOADER>
key, press the [POWER] key to turn + LCD CONT
on the power. The loader mode is [POWER]
displayed. DOWN UP --- ENTER

13 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] Loader Menu


loader menu is displayed. F1:Program Area
F2:DATA Area
F4:Protocol

14 Press the [F4] (Protocol) key. The [F4] X-Modem protocol R


communication speed setting display
appears. [38400]bps
DOWN UP --- ENTER

15 Make sure that the communication [F4] Loader Menu


speed is 38400bps and press the [F4] F1:Program Area
(ENTER) key. The communication F2:DATA Area
speed is set and the loader menu F4:Protocol
appears again.

* If the communication speed is not [F1] or [F2]


38400bps, select "38400bps" with
the [F1] (DOWN) or the [F2] (UP)
key and then press the [F4]
(ENTER) key.

16 Press the [F1] (Program Area) key. Program Area


The mode selection display appears. F1:Load
F2:Send

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-12


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
17 Press the [F1] (Load) key. The load [F1] Load
menu is displayed. F1:Program Load
F2:Language Load
F3:Font Load

18 Press the [F2] (Language File Load) [F2] Language File Load
key. The Language load menu is dis- F1:Area 1
played. F2:Area 2
F3:Area 3

19 Press the [F1] (Area 1) key. Upload [F1] Language File Load
starts from PC to the instrument.
* The Area number corresponds to Area 1 Loading
the Language number.

On the upload status check display of


PC, the display title [Send-wait] is
changed to [Sending].

The upload progress is displayed.

When upload is ended, the display


title [Sending] is changed to [Send-
wait] and PC is in the upload waiting
condition.

12-13 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
When upload is ended, the upload
finish check display appears on the Load success
instrument.

20 * If the display title [Send-wait] is


not changed to [Sending] on the
upload status check display of PC
when upload starts, upload is not
performed. Check the connection
and the communication setting
again.

21 On the upload status check display of [Cancel]


PC, click the [Cancel] button. The
upload status check display is closed
and the GTS-loader menu appears
again.

22 On the upload finish check display of [ENT] Language File Load


the instrument, press the [ENT] key. F1:Area 1
The Language load menu appears F2:Area 2
again. F3:Area 3

From now on, carry out the procedure


below if you want to perform upload
of the following files.

When you want to perform upload


of the Language file, perform Pro-
cedure 11 on P.12-11 and Procedure
18 and after on P.12-13.

When you want to perform upload


of the Font file, perform Procedure
11 on P.12-17 and Procedure 18 and
after on P.12-19.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-14


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
23 Press the [POWER] key of the instru- [POWER]
ment to turn off the power.

24 Refer to "12-1 Check of Software Check the version.


Version" and check if upload is done
correctly. Ver. S1.02 E75F
Jp2.27
CN2.27
EXIT

25 Remove the power cable (ST-PK-02)


and F-4 cable from the instrument.

26 Click the [Exit] button on "GTS [Exit]


loader" of PC. "GTS loader" is
ended.

27 Take out the master CD and turn off


PC.

12-15 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


3 FONT file

Procedure Key Display Remarks


Operation
1 Set the constant-voltage power sup-
ply to 8.50.1V.

2 Connect the instrument to the constant-


voltage power supply (ST-PS-01) with
the power cable (ST-PK-02) and the
tool power supply (ST-DA-34).

3 Connect the instrument to PC with


the F-4 cable.

4 Turn on the power of PC and insert


the master CD.

5 Start the Windows Explorer.

6 Double-click the CD drive to open [CD drive]


the CD.
* The volume label name may not be
same because of the issue date of
the master CD.

7 Double-click the [GTS100N] folder [GTS100N]


to open the folder.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-16


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
8 Double-click [GTSLOAD.exe] to [GTSLOAD
start "GTS loader". .exe]

9 Select the communication port to be


used by PC with the [ ] button of
the "Port" column.

* The initial setting is "COM1".

10 Set the communication speed


between PC and the instrument to
"38400" with the [ ] button of the
"Speed" column.

* The initial setting is "38400".

11 Click [Send] of "2Byte Font File". [Send]


The upload status check display
appears and PC is in the upload wait-
ing condition.

12-17 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
12 In the instrument, as pressing the [F3] [F3] <LOADER>
key, press the [POWER] key to turn + LCD CONT
on the power. The loader mode is [POWER]
displayed. DOWN UP --- ENTER

13 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. The [F4] Loader Menu


loader menu is displayed. F1:Program Area
F2:DATA Area
F4:Protocol

14 Press the [F4] (Protocol) key. The [F4] X-Modem protocol R


communication speed setting display
appears. [38400]bps
DOWN UP --- ENTER

15 Make sure that the communication [F4] Loader Menu


speed is 38400bps and press the [F4] F1:Program Area
(ENTER) key. The communication F2:DATA Area
speed is set and the loader menu F4:Protocol
appears again.

* If the communication speed is not [F1] or [F2]


38400bps, select "38400bps" with
the [F1] (DOWN) or the [F2] (UP)
key and then press the [F4]
(ENTER) key.

16 Press the [F1] (Program Area) key. Program Area


The mode selection display appears. F1:Load
F2:Send

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-18


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
17 Press the [F1] (Load) key. The load [F1] Load
menu is displayed. F1:Program Load
F2:Language Load
F3:Font Load

18 Press the [F3] (Font Load) key. [F3]


Upload starts from PC to the instru- Font Data Loading
ment.

On the upload status check display of


PC, the display title [Send-wait] is
changed to [Sending].

The upload progress is displayed.

When upload is ended, the display


title [Sending] is changed to [Send-
wait] and PC is in the upload waiting
condition.

When upload is ended, the upload


finish check display appears on the Load success
instrument.

12-19 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Key
Procedure Display Remarks
Operation
* If the display title [Send-wait] is
not changed to [Sending] on the
upload status check display of PC
when upload starts, upload is not
performed. Check the connection
and the communication setting
again.

19 On the upload status check display of [Cancel]


PC, click the [Cancel] button. The
upload status check display is closed
and the GTS-loader menu appears
again.

20 On the upload finish check display of [ENT] Load


the instrument, press the [ENT] key. F1:Program Load
The load menu appears again. F2:Language Load
F3:Font Load

21 Press the [POWER] key of the instru- [POWER]


ment to turn off the power.

22 Remove the power cable (ST-PK-02)


and F-4 cable from the instrument.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 12-20


Procedure Key Display Remarks
Operation
23 Click the [Exit] button on "GTS [Exit]
loader" of PC. "GTS loader" is
ended.

24 Take out the master CD and turn off


PC.

12-21 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


13. ADJUSTING MODE
13-1 Adjustment of Vertical Angle 0 Datum
If when measuring the vertical angle of target A at telescope position normal (direct) and reverse settings,
the amount of normal and reverse measurements combined is other than 360 (ZENITH-0), half of the dif-
ference from 360 is the error amount from corrected 0 setting. Carry out adjustment. As adjustment for
vertical angle 0 setting is the criteria for determining instrument coordinate origin, use special care for
adjustment.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 Level the instrument properly with the plate level.

2 While pressing the [F1] key, turn power switch ON. [F1] ADJUSTMENT MODE
+ F1:V ANGLE 0 POINT
F2:INST. CONSTANT
Power ON F3:FRQ CHECK MODE

3 Press the [F1] key. [F1] V0 ADJUSTMENT


<STEP-1> FRONT
V: 9000'00"
ENTER

4 Collimate target A from the telescope properly in normal Collimate A


setting. (Normal)

5 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. [F4] V0 ADJUSTMENT


<STEP-2> REVERSE
V: 27000'00"
ENTER

6 Collimate target A in reverse telescope setting. Collimate A


(Reverse)

7 Press the [F4] (ENTER) key. [F4]


Measured value is set and carry out normal angle measure-
<SET!>
ment.

V : 27000'00"
HR: 12030'40"

0SET HOLD HSET P1

8 Check that the total amount of normal and reverse angular


travel is 360 collimating the target A by normal and
reverse positions.

13-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


13-2 How to Set the Instrument Constant Value
To set the Instrument constant which is obtained in P. APPENDIX-6, follow as below.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 While pressing the [F1] key, turn power switch ON. [F1] ADJUSTMENT MODE
+ F1:V ANGLE 0 POINT
F2:INST. CONSTANT
Power ON F3:FRQ CHECK MODE

2 Press the [F2] key. [F2] INST. CONSTANT SET


INST. CONSTANT
: - 0.6 mm
INPUT --- --- ENTER
[---][---][CLR][ENT]

3 Enter the constant value. *1), 2) [F1] INST. CONSTANT SET


Enter value INST. CONSTANT
: - 0.7 mm
[F4] INPUT --- --- ENTER

4 Turn power switch OFF. Power OFF

*1) Refer to P. 8-5 for inputting the alphabet letters.


*2) To cancel the setting, press the [ESC] key.

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 13-2


13-3 Reference frequency check mode
The beam modulated by the reference frequency of EDM is emitted continuously.
This mode is used for frequency test mainly.

Operating procedure Operation Display

1 While pressing the [F1] key, turn power switch ON. [F1] ADJUSTMENT MODE
+ F1:V ANGLE 0 POINT
F2:INST. CONSTANT
Power ON F3:FRQ CHECK MODE

2 Press the [F3] (FRQ CHECK MODE) key. [F3] FRQ CHECK MODE

EXIT

3 Press the [F1] (EXIT) key. [F1] ADJUSTMENT MODE


The display will return to Adjustment mode menu. F1:V ANGLE 0 POINT
F2:INST. CONSTANT
F3:FRQ CHECK MODE

13-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


14. REPAIR TOOL LIST

Item Tool Part No. Application Remarks


Main unit Flexible wrench ST-TK-17 Axis set nut removal
Torque screwdriver ST-BA-06 Right/left metal and tilt unit
installation
Disassembly Tools

Torque screwdriver ST-DA-45 Vertical axis unit installation and


removal
Telescope Fiber wrench ST-TF-02 Optical emitting fiber removal
Objective pulling tool ST-DA-14 Objective unit installation and removal
Objective plate wrench ST-DA-13 Objective unit installation and removal
Decoration ring turner ST-DA-12 Black-colored ring installation
and removal
Telescope Adjusting collimator ST-AC-01 Optical emitting/receiving positioning
Illuminator ST-ID-01 Optical emitting/receiving positioning
Optical receiving fiber adapter ST-ID-8A Optical emitting/receiving positioning
Optical axis adjustment light ST-DA-16 Telemeter axis focus adjustment
source
Distance mea- Digital storage oscilloscope ST-SY-05 Because the production of ST-
surement/ SY-04 is discontinued, we have
Angular mea- prepared the substitute.
surement Made by Tektronix:
Model No.TDS3032B
(H) angular measurement ST-CD-01 (H) angular measurement posi-
LED lighting tool tion adjustment
(V) CCD lighting tool ST-CD-02 (V) angular measurement posi-
Adjustment Tools

tion adjustment
CCD display tool ST-DT-01 (H)/(V) angular measurement
adjustment
Connecting cable ST-GS-23 (H) angular measurement posi-
tion adjustment
Connecting cable ST-GS-24 (V) angular measurement posi-
tion adjustment
Tilt pull-out cable ST-GS-26 Tilt positioning adjustment
Circular/chopper operation ST-DK-05 Chopper/circular operation check
checking tool
Power cable ST-PK-02 Power supply
Tilt counter ST-AL-18 Tilt positioning adjustment
Horizontal angle round rota- ST-HK-02 Horizontal angle round rotation
tion tool check
Constant-voltage power sup- ST-PS-01 Power supply
ply
Tool power supply ST-DA-34 Power supply

14-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


15. ADHESIVES AND LUBRICANTS
15-1 Adhesives and Application Locations

Collar: Collar:
Screw lock 1401 Screw lock 1401

Packing joint: Packing joint:


Silicone (KE-347T) Silicone (KE-347T)

15-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


15-2 Lubricants and Application Locations
(1) Plate unit
Piston unit: SH-33 Joint unit: K-2

V ring: NB-52 V ring: NB-52

Vertical clamp unit:


MG-28

Center cover: SH-33M

Steel ball: K-2 Horizontal clamp unit:


K-2

V ring:
NB-52

Vertical axis: K-4

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 15-2


(2) Lens barrel unit

Internal Ass'y:
MG-28

Washer: SH-33M

V ring:
SH-33M
Objective unit:
SH-33M
Focusing ring:
SH-33M

15-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


16. SPECIFICATIONS
Telescope
Length : 150mm
Objective lens : 45mm (EDM 50mm)
Magnification : 30
Image : Erect
Field of view : 1 30'
Resolving power : 3.0"
Minimum focus : 1.3m
Reticle illumination : Provided

Distance measurement
Measurement range
Atmospheric conditions
Prism
Condition 1 Condition 2
Mini prism 900m (3,000ft) ----
1 prism 2,000m (6,600ft) 2,300m (7,500ft)
3 prisms 2,700m (8,900ft) 3,100m (10,200ft)
9 prisms 3,400m (11,200ft) 4,000m (13,200ft)

Condition 1: Sight haze with visibility about 20km (12.5miles) moderate sunlight with light
heat shimmer.
Condition 2: No haze with visibility about 40km (25miles), overcast with no heat shimmer.

Measurement accuracy
: (2mm + 2ppm D) m.s.e.
D: Measuring distance (mm)

Least Count in Measurement


Fine measurement mode : 1mm (0.005ft.) / 0.2mm (0.001ft.)
Coarse measurement mode : 10mm (0.02ft.) / 1mm (0.005ft.)
Tracking measurement mode : 10mm (0.02ft.)
Measurement Display : 12 digits : max. display 99999999.9999

Measurement Time
Fine measurement mode : 1mm : 1.2sec. (Initial 4sec.)
0.2mm : 2.8sec. (Initial 5sec.)
Coarse measurement mode : 0.7sec. (Initial 3sec.)
Tracking measurement mode : 0.4sec. (Initial 3sec.)
(The initial time will be different by a condition and set-
ting EDM off time.)
Atmospheric Correction Range : -999.9 ppm to +999.9 ppm, in 0.1 ppm increments
Prism Constant Correction Range : -99.9 mm to +99.9 mm, in 0.1 mm increments
Coefficient Factor : Meter / Feet
International feet 1meter = 3.28083989501 ft.
US SURVEY feet 1meter = 3.28083333333 ft.

16-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Electronic Angle Measurement
Method : Absolute reading
Detecting system :
Horizontal angle : 2 sides
Vertical angle : 1 side
Minimum reading : 5" / 1" (1mgon / 0.2mgon) reading
Accuracy (Standard deviation based on DIN 18723)
GTS-102N : 2" (0.6mgon)
GTS-105N : 5" (1.5mgon)
Measuring time : Less than 0.3 sec.
Diameter of circle : 71 mm

Tilt Correction (Automatic index)


Tilt sensor : Automatic vertical compensator

Method : Liquid type


Compensating Range : 3'
Correction unit : 1" (0.1mgon)

Others
Instrument height : 176mm (6.93in) Base unit detachable
(Height from the tribrach dish to the center of telescope)
Level sensitivity
Circular level : 10' / 2mm
Plate level : 30" / 2mm

Optical Plummet Telescope


Magnification : 3
Focusing range : 0.5m to infinity
Image : Erect
Field of view : 5 (114mm / 1.3m)
Dimension : 336 (H) 184 (W) 172 (L) mm
(13.2 (H) 7.2 (W) 6.8 (L) in)
Weight
Instrument
(with battery) : 4.9kg (10.8 lbs)
(without battery) : 4.6kg (10.1 lbs)
Plastic carrying case : 3.4kg (7.5 lbs)
(Weight of the carrying case may be slightly different
due to specific market.)
Durability
Protection against water and dust : IP54 (with BT-G1)
(Based on the standard IEC60529)
Ambient Temperature Range : -20C to +50C (-4F to +122F)

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited 16-2


Battery BT-G1 (This battery does not contain mercury.)
Out put voltage : 7.2V
Capacity : 2300mAh (Ni-MH)
Number of cells :6
Maximum operating time (when fully recharged) at +20C (+68F)
Including distance measurement : 8 hours (10,000 points)
Angle measurement only : 40 hours
Weight : 0.3 kg (0.7 lbs)

Battery Charger BC-G1B/C


Input voltage : AC120V (BC-G1B)
AC220V (BC-G1C)
Frequency : 60Hz (BC-G1B)
50Hz (BC-G1C)
Recharging time (at +20C / +68F)
Battery BT-G1 : 1.8 hours
Discharging time (at +20C / +68F)
Battery BT-G1 : 10 hours (in case of full charge)
Operating temperature : +10C to +40C (+50F to 104F)
Charging signal : Red lamp illumination
Refreshing signal : Yellow lamp illumination
Finishing signal : Green lamp illumination
Weight : 0.5 kg (1.1 lbs)

16-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


APPENDIX
APPENDIX1. Inspection Procedure
Before starting repairs, use the following procedure to doublecheck the problem location. Before the instru-
ment is disassembled, carry out :
APPENDIX1-1 Theodolite System Accuracy Inspection
APPENDIX1-2 Telescope (EDM) System Accuracy Inspection
When you have located the problem, proceed with disassembly and replacement of the problem unit as
described in the repair manual.

Level the instrument.

Repair the trouble part


Theodolite according to trouble
system accuracy shooting flow chart.
inspection

Repair the trouble part


EDM according to trouble
system accuracy shooting flow chart.
inspection

Inspection/repair is ended.

Shipment

APPENDIX-1 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


APPENDIX1-1 Theodolite System Accuracy Inspection
Unit Item Inspection / Adjustment Procedure Standard
1 Perpendicularity Inspection: Operate the leveling screw to center the bubble. Turn the 1/4 gradua-
of plate level and instrument in 180 to check the movement of the bubble. tion or less
vertical axis
Adjustment: Turn the level's adjustment nut to compensate for 1/2 the
offset, and turn the leveling screw to compensate for the
other 1/2.
Adjustment nut

2 Perpendicularity Inspection: Check it at the same time with the above 1. 1/3 gradua-
of circular level tion or less
and vertical axis Adjustment: Turn the level adjustment nut until the bubble is centered.

Adjustment nut

3 Alignment of ver- Inspection: Collimate the object set 1m~1.5m away. The measured 0.5mm or less
tical axis and opti- value must be half the deviation when turning the instru-
cal plummet ment in 180.
telescope's line of
sight (optical Adjustment: Turn the retile adjustment screw to correct for half the
plummet accu- deviation.
racy)
4 Reticle vertical Inspection: When aligning the telescopes upper or lower vertical One vertical
cross hair inclina- cross hair with the bottom cross hair, check the offset of cross hair or
tion another cross hair. less
(Scale inclination)
Adjustment: Loosen the eyepiece cell set screw and align the reticle
vertical cross hair with the bottom cross hair.

Set screw

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited APPENDIX-2


Unit Item Inspection / Adjustment Procedure Standard
5 Perpendicularity Inspection: Collimate the elevation angle collimator and then the 10" or less
of horizontal axis depression angle collimator. At that time, read the offset
and vertical axis from the vertical line at the normal and reverse positions
(plumb line) of telescope. The measured value must be half the differ-
ence between the read values at the normal and reverse
positions.

Adjustment: Slightly loosen only the right horizontal bearing screws


A, B, and C. Use a rod pin and turn the plumb line
adjustment screw to press and adjust the metal part.
Loosen these screws.

Not loosened

A
B C

Down Up
Adjustment screw

6 Perpendicularity Inspection: Collimate one horizontal collimator, reverse the telescope 10" or less
of horizontal axis and collimate another collimator. Read the deviation at
and line of sight each collimation. The measured value must be half the
(double centering) deviation.

To eliminate the collimator's vertical error, when you


have done observation at normal and reverse positions,
add the normal and reverse deviation. The measured
value must be 1/4 the obtained value.

Adjustment: Turn the right and left reticle adjustment screws to make
the adjustment.

Amount of offset
1
Correction = Offset
2

Right and left


adjustment screws

7 Tilt sensor operat- Inspection: Align the collimator scale with the reticle scale. Use the TILT OVER
ing range vertical tangent screw to display [9000'00"]. Use the is displayed.
leveling screw to incline the axis back and forth in 3' or
more from the vertical condition.

Adjustment: Carry out the tilt offset adjustment. If the operating range
cannot be corrected by offset adjustment, adjust the tilt
installation position.

APPENDIX-3 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


Unit Item Inspection / Adjustment Procedure Standard
8 Tilt correction Inspection: Align the collimator scale with the reticle scale. Use the 10" or less
accuracy vertical tangent screw to display [9003'00"]. Use the
leveling screw to align the collimator with the reticle
scale.

Adjustment: Carry out the tilt offset adjustment. If the correction


accuracy cannot be corrected by offset adjustment, adjust
the tilt installation position.
9 Height 0 posi- Inspection: Align the collimator scale with the reticle scale and check 10" or less
tion the error against the horizontal position [9000'00" (or
000'00")].

Adjustment: Carry out V ANGLE 0 POINT of the adjustment mode


(refer to the instruction manual). If the height 0 posi-
tion is not corrected by V ANGLE 0 POINT (error is
excessive), adjust the vertical scale installation position.

Install with the 3 set screws so that it is within 5 from


the height 0 position.
(Torque: 70N-cm (7kgf-cm))

Set screw

+5
-5

CCD Ass'y mounting screw CCD unit

10 Alignment of line Inspection: Catch the object with the sighting collimator. Then, Within 20'
of sight for sight- when collimating the object with the telescope, the offset
ing collimator from the reticle center must be the measured value.

Adjustment: Loosen the sighting collimator mounting screw and turn


it right and left to correct.

Mounting screw

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited APPENDIX-4


APPENDIX1-2 Telescope (EDM) System Accuracy Inspection
APPENDIX1-2-1 Inspection of distance measuremet optical axis and telescope optical axis

Procedure Illustration
1 Set the instrument to the collimator.

2 Align the collimator's scale with telescope's ret-


icle.

3 Turn on the power.

4 Collimate from the collimator, and check if


there is a blinking red circular image.

5 Make sure the center of the red circular image is Collimator scale Red image
deviated from the center of the collimator scale
by 1/7 (1'20") or less of the red circular image's
diameter.

1/7 (1'20") or less


of the red circular
image's diameter

APPENDIX-5 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


APPENDIX1-2-2 EDM system inspection

(1) Linearity
30MHz is used for the distance measurement frequency of the instrument. The points for measurement are
different from the models of 15MHz.
Although there are several ways to check the linearity, the following is a simple and sure way.

Setting the base line site


The base line site is to be on solid ground (concrete, etc.). Avoid direct sunlight. A distance of about 20
meters must be allowed.
Set the point in a concrete block of at least 30-cm square.

Point
30cm

The entire surface may also be concrete


(indoor location is thereby allowed).
30cm

As referring to the near distance measurement accuracy items shown on JSIMA102, set points for measure-
ment. The following table shows the example of point. The setting error must be 5 cm.
Use steel tape to measure the distance (reference value) of each point.
Accuracy must be 1 mm.

Measurement
Set up the instrument at the 0 m point, and prepare a check sheet as shown below and record the data for
each point. Record the data for 10 measurements at each point.

Measurement 1 2 3 4 5 Average Reference Error


Distance 6 7 8 9 10 value x-
10.004 4 5 4 4
10.00m 10.0044 10.00544 -0.0010
5 5 4 4 5
11.25m +0.0010

12.50m -0.0010

13.75m -0.0030

15.00m -0.0010

(mm)
3
2
1
(m)
10.00 11.25 12.50 13.75 15.00
-1
-2
-3

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited APPENDIX-6


After the measurements, check the instrument constant (S).
The instrument constant (S) can be obtained as follows:
1+1131
Constant (s) = ------------------------------------------- = 1mm
5
To input the EDM instrument constant (S), follow the description of the instrument constant (S) input method
in this manual.

(2) Long distance linearity


Setting the base line site
At a distance more than 300 meters away, install two points to be used for setting the prism. Select a site
with favorable atmospheric conditions. Use three prisms.

Measurement
To measure the reference point, use the EDM and average the values from two or three EDMs.
For long distances, the distance will vary slightly (normally by 10 mm) due to the atmospheric conditions.
Therefore, calibrate the unit once a month.
Note : Also take the PPM correction into account.

(3) Measurement test


Make sure the specification measurement distance is satisfied.

APPENDIX-7 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


APPENDIX2. Precaution When Charging or Storing Batteries
The capacity of battery will be affected and its service life shortened in any of the following cases while it is
recharged, discharged or stored.

APPENDIX2-1 Recharging
Fig. 1 shows how ambient temperature at recharging is related to charging efficiency or how it affects the dis-
charge capacity. As seen from the figure, charging at normal temperature is best, and the efficiency decreases
as the temerature rises. It is best, therefore, to always recharge the battery at normal temperature to obtain full
use of battery capacity and enjoy maximum operation per charge. And the service life of your battery will be
shortened if it is frequently overcharged or recharged at high temperature.
(Note: 0.1C charge means that the battery is recharged with 0.1-time current against its capacity.)
120
Charging efficiency (discharge capacity (%))

100

0.1C charge
80

60

40 Discharge : 0.2, E.V.=1.0V


Temperature at discharge : 20C
20

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Ambient temperature when charging (C)
Fig. 1 Recharging

APPENDIX2-2 Discharge
Fig. 2 shows the discharge temperature characteristics. Discharge characteristics at high temperature are the
same as those at normal temperature. The battery is likely to have the reduced discharge capacity as well as
lower discharge voltage when discharged at low temperature. And the service life of your battery will be
shortened if it is greatly overcharged.
(Note: 1C discharge means one with 1-time current over battery capacity.)
120

100
0.2C discharge
Discharge capacity (%)

80 1C discharge

60

40 Charging: 0.1C16 hours


Charging temperature: 20C
20

0
-20 0 20 40 60
Ambient temperature (C)
Fig. 2 Discharge

Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited APPENDIX-8


APPENDIX2-3 Storage
See Fig. 3 for how storing period at different temperature levels is related to the remaining capacity. The bat-
tery will lose its capacity as storage temperature rises and the storage period increases. This does not mean,
however, that the battery performance is damaged when the battery is stored. The battery, reduced in capacity,
will be restored once it is recharged. Always recharge your battery before use. And recharge and discharge
the battery 3 or 4 times to restore its capacity if it has been stored for a long period or at high temperature.
Storing at high temperature can adversely affect the service life of your battery.
Your battery has been fully charged before leaving the factory, but its capacity may be affected considerably
when it takes several months to reach you, if it is stored at high temperature area or passes through a high-tem-
perature region. Then, the battery must be recharged and discharged 3~4 times to fully restore its capacity.
And the battery should always be stored at normal temperature or lower if it will not be used for any long
period. This helps your battery have a longer service life.

100
0C
Remaining capacity ratio (%)

80
20C

60

40
Charging: 0.1C16hours
20 Discharge: 0.2C, E.V.=1.0V

60C 45C
0
0 1 2 3
Storing period (month)
Fig. 3 Storage

APPENDIX-9 Confidential : duplication and reproduction prohibited


TOPCON CORPORATION
75-1 Hasunuma-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8580, Japan
Phone : 3-3558-2520 Fax : 3-3960-4214 www.topcon.co.jp

TOPCON POSITIONING SYSTEMS, INC. TOPCON SOUTH ASIA PTE. LTD.


7400 National Drive, Livermore, CA 94551, U.S.A. Blk 192 Pandan Loop, #07-01 Pantech Industrial Complex, Singapore 128381
Phone: 925-245-8300 Fax: 925-245-8599 www.topcon.com Phone: 62780222 Fax: 62733540 www.topcon.com.sg
TOPCON CALIFORNIA TOPCON AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.
3380 Industrial Blvd, Suite 105, West Sacramento, CA 95691, U.S.A. Unit 18, 4 Avenue of Americas Newington NSW 2127, Australia
Phone: 916-374-8575 Fax: 916-374-8329 Phone: 02-8748-8777 Fax: 02-9647-2926 www.topcon.com.au
TOPCON EUROPE B.V. TOPCON INSTRUMENTS (THAILAND) CO., LTD.
Essebaan 11, 2908 LJ Capelle a/d IJssel, The Netherlands. 77/162 Sinn Sathorn Tower, 37th Fl.,
Phone: 010-4585077 Fax: 010-4585045 www.topconeurope.com Krungdhonburi Rd., Klongtonsai, Klongsarn, Bangkok 10600 Thailand.
IRELAND OFFICE Phone: 02-440-1152~7 Fax: 02-440-1158
Unit 69 Western Parkway Business Center TOPCON INSTRUMENTS (MALAYSIA) SDN. BHD.
Lower Ballymount Road, Dublin 12, Lreland
Phone: 01460-0021 Fax: 01460-0129 Excella Business Park Block C, Ground & 1st Floor, Jalan Ampang Putra,
Taman Ampang Hilir, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
TOPCON DEUTSCHLAND G.m.b.H. Phone: 03-42701068 Fax: 03-42704508
Giesserallee 31, 47877 Willich, GERMANY
Phone: 02154-885-100 Fax: 02154-885-111 info@topcon.de TOPCON KOREA CORPORATION
www.topcon.de 2F Yooseoung Bldg., 1595-3, Seocho-Dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-876, Korea.
Phone: 82-2-2055-0321 Fax: 82-2-2055-0319 www.topcon.co.kr
TOPCON S.A.R.L.
89, Rue de Paris, 92585 Clichy, Cedex, France.
TOPCON OPTICAL (H.K.) LIMITED
Phone: 33-1-41069490 Fax: 33-1-47390251 topcon@topcon.fr 2/F., Meeco Industrial Bldg., No. 53-55 Au Pui Wan Street, Fo Tan Road,
Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong
TOPCON ESPAA S.A. Phone: 2690-1328 Fax: 2690-2221 www.topcon.com.hk
Frederic Mompou 5, ED. Euro 3, 08960, Sant Just Desvern, Barcelona, Spain. TOPCON CORPORATION BEIJING OFFICE
Phone: 93-473-4057 Fax: 93-473-3932 www.topconesp.com Building A No.9, Kangding Street
TOPCON SCANDINAVIA A. B. Beijing Economic Technological Development Area, Beijing, China 100176
Neongatan 2 S-43151 Mlndal, SWEDEN Phone: 10-6780-2799 Fax: 10-6780-2790
Phone: 031-7109200 Fax: 031-7109249 TOPCON CORPORATION BEIRUT OFFICE
TOPCON (GREAT BRITAIN) LTD. P. O. BOX 70-1002 Antelias, BEIRUT-LEBANON.
Phone: 961-4-523525/961-4-523526 Fax: 961-4-521119
Topcon House Kennet Side, Bone Lane, Newbury, Berkshire RG14 5PX U.K.
Phone: 44-1635-551120 Fax: 44-1635-551170 TOPCON CORPORATION DUBAI OFFICE
survey.sales@topcon.co.uk laser.sales@topcon.co.uk C/O Atlas Medical FZCO., P. O. Box 54304, C-25, Dubai Airport Free Zone,UAE
Phone: 971-4-2995900 Fax: 971-4-2995901

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