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MENG466

ASSIGNMENT II

1. A furnace of 0.3 0.6 0.9m inside dimensions is constructed of a material having a


thermal conductivity of 1 W/m K. The wall thickness is 0.15m. The inner and outer
surface temperatures are 550oC and 95 oC, respectively. Calculate the heat loss through
the furnace wall.

2. A 1 m diameter sphere maintained at 30oC is buried in the earth at a place where k=1.7
W/m K. The depth to the centerline is 2.4 m and the earth surface temperature is 0oC.
Calculate the heat lost by the sphere.

3. In certain locations, power transmission is made by means of underground cables. In


one example an 8.0 cm diameter cable is buried at a depth of 1.3 m and the resistance of
the cable is 1.1 x 10-4 Ohm/m. The surface temperature of the ground is 25oC, and k=1.2
W/m K for earth. Calculate the maximum allowable current if the outside temperature of
the cable cannot exceed 110oC.

4. Two pipes are buried in an insulating material having k=0.8 W/m K. One pipe is 10 cm
in diameter and carries a hot fluid at 300oC while the other pipe is 2.8 cm in diameter and
carries a cool fluid at 15oC. The pipes are parallel and separated by a distance of 12 cm
between centers. Calculate the heat-transfer rate between the pipes per meter of length.

5.An electric heater in the form of a 50 x 100 cm plate is laid on top of a semi-infinite
insulating material having a thermal conductivity of 0.74 W/ m K. The heater plate is
maintained at a constant temperature of 120oC over all its surface, and the temperature of
the insulating material a large distance from the heater is 15oC. Calculate the heat
conducted into the insulating material.

6. A piece of Aluminum weighing 5.5 kg and initially at a temperature of 290oC is


suddenly immersed in a fluid at 15oC. The convection heat-transfer coefficient is 58
W/m2 K. Taking the Aluminum as a sphere having the same weight as that given,
estimate the time required to cool the Aluminum to 90oC, using the lumped-capacity
method of analysis.

7. A stainless-steel rod( 18% Cr, 8% Ni) 6.4 mm in diameter is initially at a uniform


temperature of 50oC and is suddenly immersed in a liquid at 200oC with h=120 W/m2 K.
Using the lumped-capacity method of analysis, calculate the time necessary for the rod
temperature to reach 120oC.

8. An Aluminum can having a volume of about 350 cm3 contains beer at 1oC. Using a
lumped-capacity analysis, estimate the time required for the contents to warm to 15oC
when the can is placed in a room at 22oC with a convection coefficient of 15 W/m2 K.
Assume beer has the same properties as water.
9. A stack of common building brick 3 m high, 10m long, and 0.5 m thick leaves an oven,
where it has been heated to a uniform temperature of 300oC. The stack is allowed to cool
in a room at 35oC with an air-convection coefficient of 15 W/m2 K. The bottom surface of
the brick is on an insulated stand. How much heat will have been lost when the bricks
cool to room temperature? How long will it take to lose half this amount, and what will
be the temperature at the geometric center of the stack be at this time?

10. A thick concrete wall having a uniform temperature of 54oC is suddenly subjected to
an air-stream at 10oC. The heat transfer coefficient is 2.6 W/m2 K. Calculate the
temperature in the concrete slab at a depth of 7 cm after 30 min.

11. A slab of Cu having a thickness of 3 cm is initially at 300oC. It is suddenly exposed to


a convection environment on the top surface at 80oC while the bottom surface is
insulated. In 6 min the surface temperature drops to 140oC. Calculate the value of the
convection heat-transfer coefficient.

12. An Aluminum bar has a diameter of 11 cm and is initially uniform in temperature at


300oC. If it is suddenly exposed to a convection environment at 50oC with h = 1200
W/m2 K, how long does it take the center temperature to cool to 80oC?
Also calculate the heat loss per unit length.

13. A 2.25 kg roast initially at 20oC is placed in an oven at 180oC. Assuming that the heat
transfer coefficient is 15 W/m2 K and that the thermal properties of the roast may be
approximated by those of water, estimate the time required for the center of the roast to
attain a temperature of 95oC.