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ENM 201 - Wells Coursework

Submission Deadline: Friday 21st July 2017 at 1300 hours UK Time

Review
This coursework is designed as a self-study programme to further the student's
knowledge from that of the course notes by means of web and publication
searches and development of company contacts.

You are the Asset Team Manager with RGU Petroleum Corporation. A new
vertical production well has been proposed for drilling on a newly licensed Angus
field. You are required to carry out the following tasks as part of the well drilling
plan using information provided for the field:

1.
(a) In selecting a drilling rig to drill an offshore well discuss the factors that
have to be considered which influence the final choice.
(b) Which type of rig would you consider to be most suitable for this
application and give reasons for the selection?

2.
(a) With reference to the lithology column for the Angus field, Fig.1, discuss
any drilling problems you anticipate occurring due to the formations and
the steps to be taken at the planning stage to deal with them.
(b) Select a suitable mud type and weight to be used for drilling the well
Fig.1.

3. Wells can be designed form the bottom to the top or from the top to the
bottom. Define each of the two methods and discuss the advantages and
disadvantages of each.

4. At the planning stage it is important to have good information on the


anticipated pore and fracture pressures to ensure that the well is drilled
safely.
(a) In preparing to drill a new well what are the sources of these estimated
values used at the planning stage.
(b) What is the anticipated pore and fracture pressure in the Angus field at
16 500 ft.?

5. The drill stem comprises for the final hole section:


- 81/2 diameter drill bit
- Drill collars
- Heavy weight drill pipe 5 OD x 50 lb/ft x 90ft
- Drill pipe Grade G 5 diameter x 19.5 lb/ft Coupling Grade G NC50(XH)
- The anticipated weight on bit is 20 000lbs.

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Determine:
(i) the size and number of drill collars with an excess of 15% required in
the BHA.
(ii) The tension load at the hook and the safety margin. The height from
MSL to RKB = 80ft.
(Hint: take the mud weight at total depth to be midway between the EMW
for pore and fracture values)

6.
(a) Casing plays an important part in the final integrity of the well. Using
the graph Fig.1 explain how graphically setting depths are determined
and how they may have to be modified to suit any formation problems.
(b) Select a suitable casing configuration for the well using the casing
available in the store and determine using the graph Fig. their setting
depths.

7. Which lower and upper completion configurations are available to complete


the well? Which would you select? Provide reasons for your selection. How
do the reservoir properties influence the final completion selected?

8. Planning a new hydrocarbon well involves the work of a team of highly


qualified engineers over a period of several months. List and discuss the
main steps that are taken when planning an offshore well similar to the one
required for the Angus field.

Give concise reasons for your decisions and selections. State any
assumptions made.

Note: The course work contributes 50% of your final grade.

Some Suggested References:


Aadnoy, B.S., 2010. Modern Well Design, CRC Press.
Bourgoyne A.T, et al.1986 Applied Drilling Engineering, Richardson: SPE
Publications.
Dunn-Norman, S. Watters, L. & Economides, M. 1998, Petroleum Well
Construction, Chichester, Johm Wiley and Sons.
Guo, B., 2011, Petroleum production engineering, a computer-assisted approach.
Gulf Professional Publishing.
King, G.E., 1998. An Introduction to the Basics of Well Completions, Simulations
and Workovers. Tulsa, OK: George E. King.
Rabia, H., 1985. Oilwell Drilling Engineering, Graham & Trotman.
http://www.halliburton.com, http://www.schlumberger.com,
http://www.weatherford.com , etc.

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Some useful tables:

API Drill Collars


OD(in) 31/2 41/8 5 43/46 6 61/4 61/4 61/2 61/2 63/4
ID(in) 11/2
2 21/421/4
21/4 2 /16 2 /4 213/16
13 1
21/4 213/16 21/4
I/C(in3) 4.07 6.51 10 11.8 20.8 20.2 23.57 23 26.6 26 29.8
Approx.
Wt/30ft 810 1050 1410 1590 2490 2250 2730 2478 2985 2757 3255
lb
OD(in) 7 7 71/4 73/4 8 81/2 9 91/2 93/4 10 11
ID(in) 2 /4 2 /16 2 /16 213/16 213/16
1 13 13
213/16 213/16 3 3 3 3
I/C(in3) 33.7 32.8 36.6 44.6 49.5 54.4 70.9 83.3 90.2 97.4 130
Approx.
Wt/30ft 3525 3324 3594 4194 4524 4854 5874 6510 6900 7290 8970
lb

API Drill Pipe

OD(in) 23/8 23/8 31/2 31/2 31/2 4 41/2


Wall
Thickness 0.280 0.362 0.254 0.268 0.449 0.330 0.337
(in)
I/C (in3) 0.9 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.9 3.2 4.3
Nom.Wt
6.65 10.4 9.5 13.3 15.5 14.0 16.6
(lb/ft)
OD(in) 41/2 **5 5 5 51/4 51/2 *65/8
Wall
Thickness 0.430 0.295 0.362 0.5 0.361 0.415 0.33
(in)
I/C (in3) 5.1 4.9 5.7 7.2 7.0 7.3 9.3
Nom.Wt
20.0 16.25 19.5 25.6 21.9 24.7 25.2
(lb/ft)

* Grades D and E only


** Grades X, G, and S only

Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

OD(in) 31/2 4 41/2 5


ID(in) 2 /16 2 /16 23/4 3
1 9

I/C(in3)
3.7 5.2 7.7 10.7
Tube Sect
Wt(lb/ft) 26 28 42 50

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New Drill Pipe Data
Size Nominal Grade E Grade X Grade G Grade S
OD Wt/ft 75 000 95 000 105 000 135 000
in lbs
Torsion: Torsional Yield Strength, ft-lbs
31/2 13.30 18 520 23 460 25 930 33 330
1
3 /2 15.50 21 050 26 660 29 470 37 890
41/2 16.60 30 750 38 950 43 050 55 350
1
4 /2 20.00 36 840 46 660 51 570 66 300
5 19.50 41 090 52 050 57 530 73 970
5 25.60 52 160 66 070 73 030 93 900
Tension: Minimum Values of Load at the Maximum Yield Strength, lbs.
31/2 13.30 271 570 343 990 380 190 488 820
1
3 /2 15.50 322 780 408 850 451 890 581 000
41/2 16.60 330 560 418 700 462 780 595 000
1
4 /2 20.00 412 360 522 320 577 300 742 240
5 19.50 395 600 501 090 553 830 712 070
5 25.60 530 140 671 520 742 200 954 260
Collapse: Based on minimum values, psi
31/2 13.30 14 110 17 830 19 760 21 170
1
3 /2 15.50 16 770 21 250 23 480 25 150
41/2 16.60 10 390 12 750 13 820 15 590
1
4 /2 20.00 12 960 16 420 18 150 19 440
5 19.50 10 000 12 010 12 990 15 110
5 25.60 13 500 17 100 18 900 20 250
Burst: Internal pressure at minimum yield strength, psi
31/2 13.30 13 800 17 480 19 320 24 840
1
3 /2 15.50 16 840 21 330 23 570 30 310
41/2 16.60 9 830 12 450 13 760 17 690
1
4 /2 20.00 12 540 15 890 17 560 22 580
5 19.50 9 500 12 040 13 300 17 110
5 25.60 13 120 16 620 18 380 23 620

Geometric Characteristics of Drill Pipe


(New pipe bodies and tool joints)

Nominal Nominal Wall ID Cross Upset Type Tool Tool Approximate


diameter weight thickness (in) section and of joint joint weight
(in) (lb/ft) (mm) (mm2) grade tool joint OD ID Including
(mm) (mm) tool joint
(in) (mm) (kg/m) (lb/ft)
19.5 9.19 4.276 108.62 3 401 IEU E NC50(XH) 161.9 95.3 31.06 20.87
IEU X NC50(XH) 161.9 88.9 31.83 21.39
5 IEU G NC50(XH) 165.1 82.6 32.55 21.87
IEU S NC50(XH) 168.3 69.9 33.57 22.56
25.6 12.7 4.000 101.60 4 560 IEU E NC50(XH) 161.9 95.3 40.00 26.88

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Casing sizes available in store:

Casing Diameter Casing grade and


Inches Weight.

30
185/8
133/8 K55, 54.5 lb/ft
95/8 N80, 40 lb/ft
7 Csg. Or Liner N80, 32 lb/ft

STANDARD FORMAT OF COURSEWORK

Word Count = 4,000 words (10% longer or shorter is acceptable).

The word count excludes the executive summary, tables, figures, calculations,
references and content of appendices.

Every coursework should be typed and should adhere to the following standards:

Font: Verdana
Font Size: 11
Line Spacing: 1.5
Margins: left = 40mm, right = 25mm. Top & bottom = 25mm
Colour: use colour sparingly - perhaps for emphasis in diagrams

Students are expected to produce a professionally written report with an Executive


Summary (Introduction), Conclusions, List of contents, etc. Do not submit an
essay.

Sections and sub-sections should be clearly numbered. Clearly identify any figures
and tables with an individual number (Figure 1, Figure 2, Table 1, Table 2, etc.)
and list these within your Lists of figures and table.

Please think clearly and carefully about the structure and content of your work.
Take care with grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Remember that this may be
the only evidence we have of your ability to understand and apply.

If relevant: to help the readability with the report provide key equations and
results in the main report. Put the detailed calculations in appendices at
appropriate points in the main report.

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References
We expect that you will use material from the Internet, books, journals and other
sources - as well as the material taught in the module. With regard to referencing
and to avoid any possible doubt, any text which you incorporate within the body
of your coursework including figures and tables, which did not originate from
within you as the writers own brain MUST be referenced. The references must
be correctly cited.
There is also a section on your CampusMoodle homepage dedicated to the Library
Service that gives more useful information and guidance on How to Cite
References. Reports that are not properly and fully referenced will lose marks.

Plagiarism
Coursework must be written in your own words. It is acceptable to use small
amount of text from reference sources. This should normally be short quotations
(perhaps a sentence or two, and up to thirty words). In total these extracts should
be limited to about 10% of the report. The rest of the work should be in your own
words and be your own ideas based on what you have understood from the
course material and from the references you have.

If you are in any doubt, or need clarification about the assessment make
sure you ask your Tutor before you submit the report.

Submitted coursework which fails to meet any aspect of the above is


liable to lose marks so ensure that you adhere to the requirements.