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Calculus I (MATH 1060 and 1061)

Fall 2014

Review for the ﬁnal exam

Note: The main purpose of this review is to give you an idea of the kind of problems that may appear on the ﬁnal exam and to help focus your preparation for it. It is important to understand that there may be topics on the exam that this review does not directly address and, in turn, there are topics covered here that may not be on the exam. Moreover, the balance of multiple-choice and free-response questions on this review is not indicative of the balance on the actual exam.

Multiple-choice questions.

1. If f (x) = x(x + 1)e x

 (A) 0 (B) 2(e −1 − 1) (C) e −1 (D) 2e −1 (E) Does not exist

then f (1) =

2. Let f and g be functions continuous at x = 2 and satisfying f (2) = 3, g(2) = 1.

Compute the limit

x2 lim 2x g(x) f(x) + 1 .

 (A) −12 (B) −6 (C) 0 (D) 2 (E) There is not enough information to compute the limit.

3. The graph of which of the following functions has a horizontal asymptote y = 2?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

f (x) = 1 1 + 2x x 2 2

f (x) = 2 + x x + 1 2

f (x) = 16x 2x 2 + 1 1

f (x) = sin(2x)

x

There are no valid choices above or more than one choice is valid.

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4.

Let f (x) = u(v(x)). Calculate f (3) using the table

 x u(x) u (x) v(x) v (x) 1 4 −2 3 3 2 1 −3 2 1 3 3 −1 1 2 (A) −2 (B) −4 (C) 4 (D) −3 (E) −6

5. Let f (x) = π/2

sin(x 2 )

(A)

ln(sin(x 2 ))

ln(t)dt. The derivative of f is

(B)

ln(sin(x 2 )) ln(π/2)

(C)

(D)

(E)

2x ln(sin(x 2 ))

sin(x 2 ) 2

π

1

2x cos(x 2 ) ln(sin(x 2 ))

1

6. The equation for the line tangent to y = arcsin( x ) at x = 2 is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

1

y = 2 3 (x 2) +

y

y

y

1

= 2 3 (x 2) +

=

=

2 3 (x 2) +

2 3 (x 2) +

π

3

π

6

y =

1

5 (x 2) + π

6

π

3

π

6

2

7. Compute

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

1

3

2

9

2

3

lim

x0

tan 2 (3x) cos(x)

x sin(2x)

(E)

The limit does not exist.

.

8. The slope of the tangent line to the curve x 3 + xy + y + y 2 = 4 at the point x = 1, y = 1 is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

7

5

3

1

3

4

8

9. A particle is moving in a straight line with the velocity v(t) = 2t t 2 . Find the distance traveled by the particle between t = 1 and t = 4.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

6

7

6

22

3

36

3

10. u(x) = 4 ln(x + 1) + (x 2) cos(2x)

Let

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

9

1

0

1

5

2

6x 2 + 2x 1

. Compute u (0).

11. The region bounded by the curves y = x 2 and y = x is rotated about the line y = 1. Which integral represents the volume of the resulting solid of revolution?

(A)

1 ( x

0

x 2 ) dx

(B)

π 1 (x x 4 )

0

dx

(C)

(D)

(E)

π 1 (1 x 2 ) 2 (1 x) 2 dx

0

2π 1 (1 x) ( x x 2 ) dx

0

π 1 ( x + 1) 2 (x 2 + 1) 2 dx

0

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Free-response questions

12. The graph of the ﬁrst derivative f of a function f is shown.

 (a) On what intervals is f increasing, and on what intervals is it decreasing? (b) Find all the critical numbers of f and classify them as points of local minimum, local maximum, or neither. (c) Find all inﬂection points of f . (d) Find the intervals where f is concave upward and intervals where it is concave downward.

13. State the limit deﬁnition of the derivative and ﬁnd the derivatives of the following functions without using any diﬀerentiation rules, but only the deﬁnition you just gave.

(a)

(b)

f (x) =

g(x) =

2x 3 3x + 4

2

x + 3

14. The sidelength of a square is increasing at a rate of 2cm/s. At what rate is the diagonal of the square increasing at the time when the length of a side is 3cm?

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15. Compute the following limits. If a limit is or −∞, say so, rather than simply saying that the limit does not exist.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

3x 3 5x 2 + 1 2x 3 + 5 cos(t) 2t π

x 2 + 25 x 2 6x + 5 ln(1 + x 2 )

lim

x→∞

lim

tπ/2

lim

x5+

lim

x→−∞

x

lim

z0 arctan

1

2

z

t→∞ t 2 e t .

lim

16. Diﬀerentiate the following functions.

(a)

(b)

f (x) = tan(x) x .

g(x) = (x 2 + 3) 3 x 5 e 2x

(x + 1) 4 x 3

17. Find the indicated derivatives.

(a) f (x) = 2x 3 ln(x) + cos 2 (2πx).

(b)

d

3t 2 2t + 1 4t 1

dt

t=2

(c) u(z) = arcsin e 2z .

18. Integrate.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(arctan(x)) 3 1 + x 2

dx

3 x 3 x 2 + 1 dx

1

π/2 e 3 cos(x) sin(x) dx

0

1

x

sec 2 (ln(x)) dx

=

u (0) =

f (1) =

19. A box with a square base and open top must have volume of 32, 000 cm 3 . Find the dimensions of the box (the side length of the base and the height) that minimize the amount of material used.

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20. Sketch the graph of a function f that satisﬁes all of the following conditions:

 (a) f is continuous but not diﬀerentiable at x = −1. (b) lim x→0 f (x) exists, but f is discontinuous at x = 0. (c) f has an inﬁnite discontinuity at x = 2. (d) f is continuous from the left at x = 4, but discontinuous at x = 4. (e) lim x→∞ f(x) = 1.

21. Let f (x) = x 5

5x.

 (a) Find the intervals on which f is increasing and those on which it is decreasing. (b) Find all points of local maximum and minimum of f . (c) Find the intervals on which f is concave up and those on which it is concave down. (d) Find all inﬂection points of f. (e) Find the y-intercept of f and its asymptotes (if any). (f) Based on your answers to parts (a)-(e), sketch a graph of f (without using a calculator, of course).

22. Repeat the previous problem for f (x) = x 2 e x/2 .

23. Find the absolute minimum and maximum of the given function on the given interval.

 (a) f (x)) = 3x 4 − 4x 3 − 12x 2 + 1, [−2, 3] (b) u(x) = 5 + 54x − 2x 3 , [0, 4]

24. Consider the region bounded by the curves y = x + 1, y = x 2 + x, and x = 0.

 (a) Sketch and shade the region, clearly marking all relevant points of intersection. (b) Find the area of the region. (c) Set up the integral for the volume of the solid of revolution obtained by rotating the region about the line y = 2. Evaluate the integral. (d) Set up the integral for the volume of the solid of revolution obtained by rotating the region about the line x = 2. Use cylindrical shells; draw a representative shell on your sketch. Evaluate the integral. (e) Set up the integral for the volume of the solid of revolution obtained by rotating the region about the line x = 2. Use washers (this is harder for this region); draw a representative washer on your sketch.

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More practice ﬁnding volumes:

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1. A solid’s base is the region under the curve y =

from x = 0 to x = 4, and its cross

1 + 2x sections perpendicular to the x-axis are equilateral triangles. That is, each perpendicular slice through the x-axis from 0 to 4 is a triangle in which all three sides are equal. (See the ﬁgure below.)

Find the volume of the solid.

Remark: The area of an equilateral triangle is 3 s 2 , where s is the length of one side of the triangle.

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(A) 2 3

(B) 4 3

(C) 2π

(D) π 3 ln 9

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(E)

3 ln 3

4

2. Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating about the x-axis the region enclosed by the curve y = x 2 and the line y = 1.

(A) 16π

15

(B) 8π

5

(C) 16π

15

(D) 16

15

(E) 32π

15

3. Let R be the region bounded by the parabola y = x 2 and the line y = 3x 2. deﬁnite integral or sum of deﬁne integrals for each of the following volumes.

Set up the

 (a) The volume V 1 of teh solid obtained by rotating R about the y-axis. (b) The volume V 2 of the solid obtained by rotating R about y = 1.

4. Find the volume of the solid whose base is the region under the curve y = x 2 from x = 0 to x = 2, and whose cross sections perpendicular to the x-axis are semicircles. That is, each perpendicular slice through the x-axis from 0 to 2 is a semicircle.

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