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Tourist Guide

visitbrasil.com
4 5

Dados Internacionais de Catalogao na Publicao (CIP)


(Cmara Brasileira do Livro, SP, Brasil)

Brasil : tourist guide 2012. -- 1. ed. --


So Paulo : Empresa Brasileira de Com. e
Produes, 2012.

Vrios autores.
Tourist Guide
1. Brasil - Descrio e viagens - Guias
2. Turismo - Brasil.

12-09290 CDD-918.1

ndices para catlogo sistemtico:


1. Brasil : Guias tursticos 918.1 visitbrasil.com
6 How to use 7

How to use this guide


10 - The first city in each state
is always its capital
11 - G
 eneral information about
the city symbolized by icons
Welcome to City Guide 2012. With it, youll be able to take full advantage of all the attractions that 12 - L ist with the description,
Brazil has to offer in its 27 states. With maps, photos and suggestions of attractions, you will get to location and characteristics
know in depth this country of great and beautiful contrasts. of the main attractions
13 - Box highlighting regions,
attractions, cuisine
13 and traditions of
great importance
Step by Step 10
11
12
4 1 - State name
2 - Images highlight what is most
popular in each locality
3 - Illustrations exemplify
characteristics and typical
14 - M
 aps highlighting
symbols of the states
the attractions in parks
4 - Each state has a specific color,
and cities
which makes its location in
2 1 15 - E
 xplanatory captions
the guide much easier
16 - Picture credits

15

14
3

16
5 - The map locates the state
in Brazil
6 - State map with
5
major highways
7 - Map location captions
9 8 - State geographic information Icons
6
9 - Introductory text with
the highlights and history Icons introduction Icons attractions
of the state
Population Telephone Admission Fee
Altitude Hours 1 to 10 Brazilian Reais
Area - perimeter Wireless internet 11 to 50 Brazilian Reais
7
Voltage Full access for the disabled 51 to 100 Brazilian Reais
7 8 Amount Partial access for the disabled more than 100
Area code Address Brazilian Reais
Airport Access
Temperature Age Rating
Climate
Natural vegetation Time required for a visit
Basic information
8 summary 9

 20 Brasil  182 Gois  284 Paraba  414 Rondnia


186 Goinia 288 Joo Pessoa 418 Porto Velho
 74 Acre 189 Caldas Novas and Rio Quente 291 Campina Grande
78 Rio Branco 190 Alto Paraso 293 Sousa  420 Roraima
80 Xapuri (Chapada dos Veadeiros) 424 Boa Vista
196 Cidade de Gois  294 Paran
 82 Alagoas 199 Pirenpolis 298 Curitiba  428 Santa Catarina
86 Macei 303 Foz do Iguau 432 Florianpolis
89 Maragogi  204 Maranho 306 Paranagu 434 Blumenau
90 So Miguel dos Milagres 208 So Lus 309 Morretes 436 Bombinhas
212 Alcntara (Parque Chapada das 438 Balnerio Cambori
 92 Amap Mesas and Lenis Maranhenses) 312 Pernambuco 441 Garopaba - Imbituba
96 Macap 316 Recife 445 Lages
99 Serra do Navio 216 Mato Grosso 321 Olinda
220 Cuiab (Chapada dos Guimares) 324 Caruaru  446 So Paulo
100 Amazonas 225 Nobres 326 Fernando de Noronha 450 So Paulo
104 Manaus 227 Cceres (Pantanal) 330 Porto de Galinhas 460 Brotas
110 Parintins 461 Campos do Jordo
 232 Mato Grosso do Sul  332 Piau 464 Petar
 112 Bahia  236 Campo Grande 336 Teresina 466 Santos/So Vicente/Guaruj
116 Salvador 239 Bonito 339 Cajueiro da Praia 470 So Sebastio
124 Santa Cruz de Cabrlia 243 Corumb 340 Ilha Grande 472 Ilhabela
125 Chapada Diamantina 342 Parque Nacional das 7 Cidades 474 Ubatuba
127 Ilhus  246 Minas Gerais 343 Parque Nacional da Serra
130 Sul de Ilhus 250 Belo Horizonte da Capivara  476 Sergipe
132 Itacar 254 Congonhas 480 Aracaju
134 Morro de So Paulo 257 Inhotim  344 Rio de Janeiro 483 Canind de So Francisco
136 Porto Seguro 259 Sabar 348 Rio de Janeiro 486 Laranjeiras and So Cristovo
138 Trancoso 260 Mariana 360 Angra dos Reis
261 So Joo del Rei 363 Bzios, Arraial do Cabo and Cabo Frio  488 Tocantins
 142 Cear 263 Tiradentes 368 Petrpolis 492 Palmas
146 Fortaleza 264 Diamantina 370 Terespolis 494 Rota Caseara and Pium
150 Canoa Quebrada 265 Ouro Preto 371 Itatiaia, Penedo and Visconde de Mau 496 Mateiros and Parque Estadual
152 Cumbuco 374 Paraty do Jalapo
154 Jericoacoara  268 Par
156 Morro Branco 272 Belm  380 Rio Grande do Norte
275 Santarm 384 Natal
 158 Distrito Federal 276 Alter do Cho 389 Baa Formosa
162 Braslia 278 Ilha Mexiana 392 Praia da Pipa
278 Ilha de Maraj
 170 Esprito Santo 280 Itaituba  394 Rio Grande do Sul
174 Vitria 282 Salinpolis 398 Porto Alegre
177 Aracruz 403 Gramado and Canela
178 Domingos Martins 407 Caxias do Sul and Bento Gonalves
179 Guarapari 411 So Miguel das Misses and
Santo ngelo
10 north 11

Guaran, a typical
fruit of the Amazon
and widely used in
soft drinks and juices

Cleferson Comarela Barbosa


12 northeast 13

Clear and green waters


at Tamba beach, in
Joo Pessoa (PB)

Toddy Holland/Embratur
14 center-west 15

Marcelo Krause
Diver in the clear waters
of the LAGOA MISTERIOSA,
Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul
16 SOUTHEAST 17

Neno Vianna/ Embratur


The MUSEU DA INCONFIDNCIA,
in Ouro Preto (MG)
18 south 19

Vineyard in the region


of wine production,
in Rio Grande do Sul

Cristiano Soares/Embratur
263
21

cataratas do iguau

Marcio Neves
Brazil
22 BRAzIL 23

Geographic Division by the States of Rio Grande do Sul, Paran and

Vinicius Tupinamba / Shutterstock - Studio 1One - Ostill - Kobby Dagan / Shutterstock - Yuri Arcurs - Yuri Arcurs - Supri Suharjoto
Brazil is divided into five regions - marked Santa Catarina. This is the region with the high-
by great cultural differences - and 27 States. est human development indices in Brazil.
The North includes the States of Acre, Amap,
Amazonas, Par, Rondnia, Roraima and To- Climate

Monkey Business Images - Zurijeta - Sascha Burkard - AISPIX by Image Source - Celso Pupo / Shutterstock.com
cantins. The Amazon forest and the extensive In general terms Brazil has a tropical climate.
Indian reservations are located in this region, The Northern region and the north of the State of
which is the largest in the country. Mato Grosso have a predominantly humid equa-
The Brazilian Northeast is composed of Ala- torial climate. In the central part of the Northeast
goas, Bahia, Cear, Maranho, Paraiba, Per- region the prevailing climate is semi-arid tropi-
nambuco, Piau, Rio Grande do Norte and cal, with a tendency for dry periods. The coastal
Sergipe. Its coastline has numerous beaches, strip that runs from the north of So Paulo to Rio
many still preserved or even deserted. The Grande do Norte has a humid coastal climate.
countryside in the interior of the Northeast is The Center-west region and the States of
the driest area of Brazil. Minas Gerais and Tocantins, as well as some
The Center-west is composed of the States areas of So Paulo (north), Mato Grosso (south),
of Gois, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Piau and Bahia (west), Cear (north) and Mara-
the Federal District, which is the location of the nho (east) have a tropical climate with humid
capital of Brazil, Brasilia. The Pantanal, the area summers and dry winters. All of the Southern
with the largest concentration of biodiversity region and the south of Mato Grosso do Sul and
on the planet, is located in this region. So Paulo have a humid subtropical climate.
The Southeast region includes Esprito Santo, In the mountainous areas of the South and
Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and So Paulo. It is the Southeast the climate is high altitude sub-
the most industrialized region in Brazil and has tropical. During winter there is the possibility of
the largest GDP. The South of Brazil is formed snow in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina.

AVERAGE
TEMPERATURES 29 0c - 33 0c (84,2 0F - 91,4 0F)
IN REGIONS
21 0c - 24 0c (69,8 0F - 75,2 0F)

NORTH

NORTHEAST

BRAZIL 23 0c - 27 0c (73,4 0F - 80,6 0F


30 0c - 33 0c (86 0F - 91,4 0F)
Territory and population by a combination of European peoples, negros Center-west
15 0c - 18 0c (59 0F - 64,4 0F)
Brazil is the largest country in South America (Africans brought to the country as slaves be- 20 0c - 24 0c (68 0F - 75,2 0F)
and the fifth largest in the world in terms of ter- tween 1530 and 1850) and native Indians. Lat- SOUTHEAST

ritorial area. With continental proportions, it ex- er, after the liberation of slaves, the country
tends over an area of 8,514,877 km. To the north received several waves of immigration (Ger-
the country is crossed by the equator, while to mans, Italians, Spaniards, Japanese and Syrian-
23 0c - 27 0c (73,4 0F - 80,6 0F)
the south it is crossed by the Tropic of Capricorn. Lebanese) who created the ethnic background SOUTH
25 0c - 31 0c (77 0F - 87,8 0F)
It has a population of more than 190 million, of the current population. Most Brazilians are 15 0c - 18 0c (59 0F - 64,4 0F)
most of whom live in urban areas according to negro (50.74%), with Caucasians accounting for 15 0c - 19 0c (59 0F - 66,2 0F)
the 2010 Census. The population was formed 47.73% of the population.
24 BRAzIL 25

Structure and

Kazuo Okubo/Banco de imagens do Min. do Turismo


igreja de Palcio do
Santo Antnio
political system Itamaraty

Brazil is a Presidential Federative Republic, formed


by the Federal Union, States and Municipalities,
in which the exercise of power is attributed to dis-
tinct and independent entities. The Head of State
is elected by the people for a period of four years.
The functions of Head of State and Head of Gov-
ernment are accumulated by the President. The
States have political autonomy. Brazilian politi-
cal system is multi-party.

Dois Candangos, Palcio da Alvorada


one of Braslias official residence of
symbols the President of Brazil

Christian Knepper/Embratur
Roberto SEBA/Setur MG

FABIO POZZEBOM/ABR
History Pelourinho,
in Salvador
Palcio do Planalto,
National Congress
Brazil was discovered in 1500 by a Portuguese headquarters

expedition led by Pedro lvares Cabral. The


territory, originally inhabited by Indians, be-
came a Portuguese crown colony.
Between 1555 and 1654 the country was in-

Roberto Faria/embratur
vaded by the French and the Dutch in the re-
gions now occupied by the States of Rio de Ja-
neiro, Maranho, Pernambuco and Bahia. The
invaders were repelled by popular uprisings
made up of both Portuguese settlers and black
slaves and native Indians, as well as through
agreements between the realms involved.
In 1808 the Portuguese Court was transferred THEATRO MUNICIPAL
DO RIO DE JANEIRO
from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro after French
troops commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte in-
vaded Portugal. In 1815 Brazil became part of
the Portuguese kingdom.
Brazilian independence came in 1822, and
Alexandre Macieira/Riotur

thereafter the country became a parliamen-

FABIO POZZEBOM/ABR
tary constitutional monarchy, named the Em-
pire of Brazil. Two years later the first Brazilian
Constitution was created. Brazil becomes a Re-
public in 1889 through a military coup.
26 BRAzIL 27

igreja de Nosso Senhor


do Bonfim, in Salvador
Language tially applied only in the areas that are now
Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. It the States of Par and Maranho, the law was
is the eighth most widely-spoken language in extended to all of Brazil in 1759.
the world and third among Western countries,
behind English and Spanish. Over 200 mil-
lion people worldwide communicate in Portu- Economy
guese, which is the official language of eight Brazil has the largest economy in Latin America,
countries: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea the second largest in the Americas and is the
Bissau, Mozambique, So Tome and Principe, sixth largest economy in the world. Brazil has
Portugal and East Timor. been expanding its presence in international fi-
The language was introduced to Brazil nancial markets and is part of a group formed by
through Portuguese colonization. Portuguese five emerging economies known as the BRICS -
colonizers also learned the Tupi-Guarani and Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Ag-
Tupinamba dialects from Indians, the first resi- ricultural, mining, manufacturing and services
dents of the territory. In 1757 Portugal banned sectors are the greatest contributors to the econ-
the teaching of languages other than Portu- omy. Electrical equipment, aircraft, automobiles,
guese, considering the original languages of ethanol, textiles, iron ore, steel, coffee, soybeans
the country to be a demonic invention. Ini- and beef are some of Brazils export products.

Roberto Faria/embratur
Religion
As a result of Portuguese colonization the pre-
dominant religion in Brazil is Roman Catholic.
Catholicism was the official state religion until
the Republican Constitution of 1891, which es-
tablished a secular state. As with other aspects
of the countrys culture, religion has undergone
major changes throughout its history.
The combination Catholic beliefs with those
of Indigenous and African origins has led to
Brazil having one of the most synergetic reli-
gious panoramas in the world.
Most Brazilians follow Christian beliefs (Pen-
tecostal, Episcopalian, Methodist, Lutheran and
Baptist). There is also large presence of Karde-
Milton Galvani/Embratur
Roberto Faria/embratur

cists - followers of spiritual doctrine - as well as


Jews, Muslims and Buddhists.
Beliefs of African origin, such as Candombl
and Umbanda, also have large numbers of ad-
herents throughout the country.
Nosso Senhor do Bonfim ribbons avenida Paulista, in So Paulo
28 BRAzIL 29

Currency PELOURINHO, IN THE


HISTORIC CENTER
The Brazilian currency is the Real. Instituted in OF SALVADOR

1994, it is available in notes with six denomina-


tions: R$ 2, R$ 5, R$ 10, R$ 20, R$ 50 and R$ 100,
as well as coins with a value of R$ 0.05, R$ 0.10,
R$ 0.25, R$ 0.50 and R$ 1.00

Old model still in circulation

Roberto Farias/Embratur
Brazilian sites of world CENTRO HISTRICO DE Salvador - Bahia
Cultural heritage The first capital of Brazil (1549-1763), Salvador has
been a focal point of European, African and Am-
The City of Rio de Janeiro erindian cultures. In 1588 it was home to the first
Acervo BC

Acervo BC
When it comes to Rio de Janeiro, it is impos- slave market in the New World, providing slaves
sible not to think of places such as Po de A- to the sugar cane plantations. The city has man-
car (Sugar Loaf Mountain), the Jardim Botni- aged to maintain numerous Renaissance build-
co, Floresta da Tijuca, Praia de Copacabana, ings and house facades painted in bright colors
Corcovado and Baa de Guanabara. It was are a characteristic of the old part of the city.
New model precisely these natural riches and their strong
impression on the human soul that made the santurio do Bom Jesus de Congonhas
city a source of inspiration for artists and in- The sanctuary was built in the second half of the
tellectuals from around the world and led to it 17th century and consists of a church with sump-
being listed as a Cultural Heritage Site. This is tuous interior decoration in the Italian Rococo
the first city in the world to receive this honor, style, an approach with statues of the prophets
which was awarded by UNESCO during the 36th and the seven chapels of the Via Crucis, with
Session of the World Heritage Committee in St. groups of polychrome sculptures by Aleijadinho
Petersburg, Russia, on July 1st, 2012. Adopted that are masterpieces of Baroque art, expressive
by UNESCO in 1992, the concept of cultural and moving, with great originality.
landscape was hitherto only awarded to rural
areas, farming systems and historic gardens. CENTRO HISTRICO DE Diamantina
Rio de Janeiro was a candidate for the title of Colonial city akin to a precious stone set on
Mixed Urban Site in 2008. However, following an inhospitable barren mountain. It recalls
guidance from UNESCO, the Brazilian heritage the exploits of diamond prospectors in the
institute, Iphan, decided to emphasize the cul- 18th century, as well as the influence exercised
Acervo BC

Acervo BC

tural landscape and its consequent harmony by mans cultural and artistic achievements
with urban life. through the passage of time.
30 BRAzIL 31

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA PARQUE NACIONAL DA SERRA DA CAPIVARA centro histrico de Olinda
DAS MERCS, IN OURO PRETO
Numerous shelters among the rocks of the Founded by the Portuguese in the 16th century,
Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara are deco- the history of the City is linked to the sugar
rated with cave paintings. Some are over 25,000 cane industry. It had to be rebuilt in the 17th
years old and are exceptional proof of one of the century after being ransacked by Ditch invad-

Rita Barreto/Embratur
oldest human communities in South America. ers, and its urban layout dates essentially from
the 18th century. The balanced architecture of
Praa de So Francisco, So Cristvo its buildings and gardens, as well as its twen-
The Praa de So Francisco in the city of So Igreja da BOA ty Baroque churches, convents and numerous
MORTE, IN GOIS
Cristvo forms an open-air quad surrounded chapels gives the City a special charm.
by impressive buildings, including the church
and convent of So Francisco, the church and CENTRO HISTRICO DE Cidade de Gois misses Jesutas dos guaranis
Santa Casa de Misericrdia, and the State Pal- Gois bears witness to the occupation and colo- At the heart of the rainforest with the same
ace and its annexed dwellings from different nization of the interior of Brazil in the 18th and name are the remains of five Jesuit missions:
historical periods. This grouping of historical 19th centuries. Its urban design is characteristic So Miguel das Misses (Brasil), San Ignacio
buildings, together with the surrounding 18th of the organic development and adaptation of Min, Santa Ana, Nuestra Seora de Loreto
and 19th century houses, creates an urban land- mining towns. Although modest, the architec- and Santa Maria la Mayor (Argentina). Built
scape that recalls the citys origins. The Francis- ture of its public and private buildings presents in Guarani territory during the 17th and 18th
can complex is an typical example of the archi- great harmony, the result of the widespread use centuries, these missions are characterized by
Neno Vianna/Embratur

tecture developed by this religious order in the of local materials and techniques in their con- their unique appearance and their differing
Northeast of Brazil. struction, among other factors. state of conservation.

CENTRO HISTRICO DE So Lus


THE RUINS OF ONE OF
Founded by the French and occupied by the THE JESUIT MISSIONS

Dutch before coming under the rule of the Por-


centro histrico de Ouro Preto tuguese, this historic city has preserved its sev-
Founded in the late 17th century, the city of enteenth century center, characterized by the
Ouro Preto was the gathering point for gold rectangular layout of its streets. Due to econom-
miners and the center for gold mining in Bra- ic stagnation in the early 20th century, many of
zil in the 18th century. The City entered into the historical buildings in So Lus remained un-
decline due to the depletion of its mines in touched and are of exceptional quality, making
the early 19th century, but it still retains many it a unique example of an Iberian colonial town.
churches, bridges and fountains that bear wit-
ness to its past splendor and the exceptional
talent of the Baroque sculptor Antonio Fran-
cisco Lisboa, Aleijadinho.

Braslia
Built in the center of the country between 1956
and 1960, Brasilia marks a significant milestone
in the history of urban development. The ob-
Manoel Pereira dos Santos/Embratur

jective of its creators, the urban planner Lcio


Costa and the architect Oscar Niemeyer, was
that everything in the City should reflect a har-
monious concept, from the layout of residential
and administrative districts - often compared
fernando gomes

with the silhouette of a bird - to the symmetry


of the buildings. Public buildings impress with HISTORIC CENTER
OF SO LUS
their bold and innovative profiles.
32 BRAzIL 33

Morro Dois Irmos, in


Fernando de Noronha.

Ministrio do Turismo de Pernanbuco

Felipe Gombossy/embratur
Fernando Weberich
Red Macaw cataratas do iguau

Chapada dos Deer in the Pantanal


Veadeiros area of the city of
Cceres, Mato Grosso

Daniel Arcanjo/Gavies do Planalto


Ubirajara Machado/MDA

Pepe Melega/Embratur
Jose Fernando Carli
The Amazon Victoria
Forest Amazonica

Environment The Discovery Coast - Atlantic Forest - Southeastern Reserves The Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando
Known throughout the world for its biodiver- Atlantic Forest Reserves Read more about the Southeastern Reserves in the de Noronha and Atol das Rocas
sity and differing geographic features, Brazil Read more about the Discovery States of So Paulo and Paran. Read more about Fernando de Noronha in the State
has seven locations that are considered World Coast in the State of Bahia. of Pernambuco.
Natural Heritage sites. These are natural fea- The Southeastern Atlantic Forest reserves are
tures, consisting of physical and biological for- The Atlantic Forest is one of the most threat- located between the States of So Paulo and The archipelago of Fernando de Noronha is
mations, with outstanding aesthetic or scien- ened tropical forests on the planet. The largest Paran. This includes the chain of mountains composed of 21 islands, islets and rocks. It
tific value. They may be geological formations continuous areas of this biome are located on along the coast, including 17 municipalities in houses large breeding colonies of seabirds and
or regions with a habitat of endangered plant the Discovery Coast. There are eight nature re- the Vale do Ribeira. There are 470,000 hectares a variety of exotic species of fish, sponges, al-
and animal species, with outstanding scientific serves located in southern Bahia and northern of biological treasures showing the historical gae, molluscs and corals. Atol das Rocas is 144
or conservation merit. Esprito Santo. They form part of the protected evolution of the biome. nautical miles from Natal, Rio Grande do Norte.
areas of the Monte Pascoal, Costa do Descobri- This is the only atoll in the South Atlantic and
Chapada dos Veadeiros and mento and Pau Brasil National Parks. Central Amazon was the first marine biological reserve in Brazil.
parque nacional das Emas Conservation Complex It includes the Farol and Cemitrio islands.
Read more about the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Pantanal Conservation Area Read more about the Central Amazon Conservation
Veadeiros in the State of Gois. Read more about the Pantanal in the section on the Complex in the States of Amazonas e Par. PARQUE NACIONAL DO IGUAU
State of Mato Grosso. Read more about the Parque Nacional do Iguau in
The Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros The largest area of protected tropical forest in the State of Paran.
is a conservation area in the northwest of the Formed by the Parque Nacional do Pantanal and the world is formed by the Anavilhanas Ecologi-
State of Gois, in the Center-west region of Bra- the private reserves of Acurizal, Penha and Doro- cal Station (one of the largest river systems in the With an area of over 185,000 hectares, the Parque
zil. It was created in 1961 with the name Parque ch, this is located in the southeast of Mato Gros- world), the sustainable development reserves at Nacional do Iguau is located in the west of the
Nacional do Tocantins. Around 50 rare species so and the northwest of Mato Grosso do Sul and Amanha and Mamirau, and the Parque Nacio- State of Paran, at Foz do Iguau. It is one of the
of Brazilian fauna are found in the two parks. it is home to hundreds of endangered species. nal de Ja - the second largest in Brazil. most important forest reserves in South America.
34 BRAzIL 35

Cuisine which offers delicious river fishes, and by some NORTH


The richness of the Brazilian cuisine is the re- indigenous peoples habits, that took control The region made up by the states of Amazonas
sult of a great blend. The ingredients brought by of the cassava. In the Southeast, ingredients (AM), Acre (AC), Roraima (RR), Rondnia (RO),
people who migrated here over the years were and conservation methods used by Scouts Par (PA), Amap (AP) and Tocantins (TO) has
added to the great diversity of the ingredients still characterize local habits. It is the region one of the richest biodiversity in the world.
grown in the country. Likewise, the cooking hab- of peasant and caiara (fishermen) food. But it About 80% of the region is occupied by the Am-
its, the treatment given to the ingredients, and is also in the Southeast that the gastronomic azon Forest and much of the population lives
the ways of serving bring together the tradition capitals are concentrated, and where you can along the rivers, which are almost all water-
of every people to the inventiveness of the Bra- experience all thats new. ways. It is through this region that the Amazon
zilians. Thus, the same dish can have many ways The change in climate and biomes along the goes by, the worlds largest water flow, and its
of preparation, and an ancient ingredient can al- Brazilian territory, the traditions and innova- numerous tributaries. Thus, river fishes have a
ways surprise as it is presented in a new way. tions favor the use of various ingredients and strong presence in the regional menu.
Some traits, however, characterize a region techniques. Thus, it is not possible to quote a
more than another. The changes dont come to traditional dish that represents by itself the The Amazon Fruits
an end, but you can trace the origins and tradi- wealth of Brazilian cuisine. In order to better The cuisine of the region benefits from the
tions that, somehow, still feature some regional understand this complexity, its worth knowing wealth of ingredients that the Amazon biome
cuisines. The northern region, for example, is the characteristics, cultural influences, main offers. As the regions ancient inhabitants,

Laupo Beta
BRIGADEIRO, ONE
deeply characterized by the Amazon biome, ingredients and dishes of each region. OF THE AUTHENTIC the Indians were the first to create tradition-
BRAZILIAN SWEETS
al ways of cooking. Over 35% of the approxi-
mately 800,000 Indians of the country live in
Typical seafood from
the northeastern states National sweet dishes the North. The influence of this populations
The country has few dishes that could symbol- habits in the cuisine is easily noticed, starting
ize, alone, the national cuisine, but some sweet by the instruments they use. They are made
dishes can be found in almost all the territory. of pestle, pots made of clay, fruit peels, wood
or animal hooves, sieves made of straw, and
Brigadeiro other typical tools. Among the ingredients that
This one is considered the authentic Brazil- populate the regional dishes are the fish, roots,
ian sweet. It is a mixture of condensed milk, seeds, leaves and fruits:
cocoa powder and butter which cooks until it

Roberto Faria/Embratur
Cupuau: typical fruit of the Brazilian Am-
jota freitas/Bahia Tursa

thickens. Then it is wrapped and covered with azon, used in juices, vitamins, ice cream, and
chocolate sprinkles. Traditionally served at jams and jellies.
childrens parties, today is found even in stores Aa: the largest producer of this fruit is the
Acaraj fried
in palm oil specialized in candies. state of Par. In the Amazon, it can be eaten
with manioc flour or tapioca (nutritive prepa-
Goiabada ration of cassava starch), or serve as a base for
Capixaba The basic recipe comes from marmelada, which piro (mush or meal of manioc flour boiled in
Fish Stew
is a sweet made with quince preserves. It is a water) that accompanies fish dishes. But they
sweet like jelly, but it includes the peel and the also make juices and pulps.
pulp of the fruit. The guava jam is found with Pirarucu: one of the largest freshwater fish in
different proportions of pulp and sugar in dif- the country is also known as the Amazon cod.
ferent consistencies throughout Brazil. The cas- Tucunar (Peacock Bass): Amazonian fish
co (hard shell) kind is harder, for example. that serves as the basis for many local dishes.
Urucum (Annatto): the native fruit of the
Gabriel Lordello/Embratur

Rapadura tropical America has a red seed from which are


More common in the Northeast, the candy is made spices and dyes.
made from sugar cane juice. It can be consumed
Marcio Zapparoli

Jambu: herb used in cooking throughout the


in chips, as a dessert, or even used as a sweet- region, it is known for leaving a numb mouth.
A traditional pizza ener, such as sugar. This happens because its leaves have a slight
from So Paulo
anesthetic substance which causes salivation.
36 BRAzIL 37

Traditional dishes boiled blood and viscera of hogs) and the bucha-
The regional cuisine received many influences da (dish made of an animals insides) are dishes
in each cycle of immigration. Early in the colo- based on the Lusitanian cuisine. In the back-
nization, the Portuguese who dominated farm- lands, the cowboys keep the habit of consum-
ing techniques and animal breeding brought ing simple and strong dishes, made with corned
their habits of cooking and food preservation in beef, cassava, corn and beans. Palm oil, a spice
salt and sugar. From this blend, preserves, jams, found in many of the traditional dishes, as well
compotes and exotic liquors, all with local in- as the cayenne pepper, were brought by the Afri-
Carlos Macapuna

gredients, were created. cans. Acaraj (little cake made of ground beans,
With the rubber exploitation cycle, immi- fried in palm oil and served with shrimps, pep-
grants from various regions of the country were per sauce and vatap) and vatap (dish made

Marjolein
working in the extraction of latex. All left traces THE TRADITIONAL of manioc flour, oil, pepper, fish and shrimp) are
CUPUAU, TYPICAL FRUIT OF THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON TACAC
of ways of dealing with the ingredients of the the products of this cultural mix. Learn about
region. The strongest influence was from the the main ingredients used in the region:
Guaran: the Amazonian native fruit is Northeast - one of the dishes that was born Caldeirada de tucunar (peacock stew): type Azeite de dend (palm oil): the palm oil has
used in the manufacture of soft drinks, syr- from this mixture is the caldeirada de tucu- of stew, usually made with fish and vegetables, an orange color, which adds color and a unique
ups, juices and powders. It is known to have nar (peacock bass stew). But Lebanese, Japa- common in Portugal. In the peacock stew served flavor to the dishes. Produced largely in the
stimulant properties. nese and Italian people also arrived in the re- in the city of Manaus, the recipe asks for fish, po- southeast of Bahia, it is extracted from a palm
Brazil nuts: the seed is consumed fresh, gion. Among the traditional dishes served in the tatoes, onions, cabbage, peppers, eggs, tomatoes, tree originally from the east coast of Africa.
roasted, or even as flour, in candies or ice cream. region, the following are highlighted: parsley and cilantro. The mixture also needs to- Pimenta malagueta (cayenne pepper): the
Pato no Tucupi (duck in Tucupi) : traditional mato sauce and comes with piro (mush or meal species was brought by the Negroes of Africa, and
The cassava dish of the Amazon region, especially Par. Tucupi of manioc flour boiled in water), as a side dish. it is mainly used in the cuisine from Bahia state.
This root grown and treated by Indians serves is a liquid extracted from peeled macaxeira-bra-
as the basis of several traditional and regional va (a species of cassava) grated and squeezed in
dishes. Across the country, it is also consumed an artisanal way and it is cooked for days. Pieces NORTHEAST
boiled, fried or used in the form of flour or of duck are cooked in this broth and served with The diverse biomes in the Northeast region are
starch (extracted from the root, also known as manioc flour, white rice and sheets of Jambu. reflected in its cuisine. The semiarid climate of
tapioca starch or sweet gum). There are several Tacac: this dish of indigenous origin is a the caatinga (region covered with brushwood)
names for cassava, and each region can refer to kind of hot soup that takes tucupi (a seasoning leaves its signature on dishes linked to food pres-
a different type of root: macaxeira and aipim prepared of pepper and manioc juice), boiled ervation and high calorie content. In the Waste-
are the most common. One type, also known as tapioca gum (a cassava derivative), Jambu and land and its extensive coastline, the recipes gain

Tatiana Azeviche - Setur BA


mandioca-brava, needs to be prepared for long shrimp. It is usually served in gourds, easily a diversity of ingredients and colors. The strong
periods of cooking, to eliminate an acid present found in the tents of the tacacazeiras, (women flavor and taste of pepper, however, characteriz-
in its roots and leaves. who sell the tacac) on the streets of the city es the northeastern cuisine as a whole. Many of
of Belm, Par state. the dishes are found throughout the region, but PALM OIL
PRODUCTION
Manioba: known as the feijoada (dish of the visitor can find, in each of the nine states,
beans cooked with dried meat, pork, sausages, special ways of preparing them. The following
etc.) from Par, it can take more than a week to states are part of the Northeastern region: Ba-
CAYENNE PEPPER
be ready. The delay is caused mainly by the cook- hia (BA), Sergipe (SE) and Alagoas (AL), Pernam-
ing of the manioc leaf (the cassava plant). Dried buco (PE), Paraba (PB), Rio Grande do Norte (RN),
meat, bacon, tripe, calfs foot, pigs ears, feet and Cear (CE), Piau (PI) and Maranho (MA).
ribs, chorizo, sausage and salamelle (a variety of
pork sausage) are added to the broth. The dish is Multicultural ingredients
served with white rice, flour and pepper. In addition to the native fruits of the caatinga
Pirarucu de casaca: the fish is cut into piec- and dry region of the northeast, northeastern
Nathalie Dulex

es, desalted and fried in olive oil. Then is served cuisine includes in its menu novelties brought

Irina Naumets
layered with fried bananas, manioc, potatoes by foreigners. The coconut, an important ingre-
stew and farofa made with cassava flour, eggs dient in the cuisine, was brought from India by
MANIOC IS THE BASIS OF SEVERAL BRAZILIAN DISHES and coconut milk. the Portuguese. The sarapatel (dish made of the
38 BRAzIL 39

SOURSOP CANJICA, ALSO SWEET MADE WITH


KNOWN AS CURAU COOKED CORN

Rita Barreto - Setur BA


Rafa Moskovita

Fatima Pereira

Jorge Furlan
ONE OF THE TYPES OF
SHRIMP SERVED IN THE
NORTHEAST REGION

BANANA, ONE OF Cuscus: dish of African origin, it has sever-


THE MOST TYPICAL
FRUITS OF BRAZIL al recipes that can take corn flakes, sardines,
egg and cod sauce.

Traditional dishes
Buchada: a recipe that calls for goat en-
trails boiled in the stomach (intestines) of the

Tatiana Azeviche - Setur BA


animal. For strong stomachs.
Carol Kramberger

Dried meat with curd mush: is the dried


meat served with a mush made from curd
CORN IS CONSUMED IN

Chris S
A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT COCADA, COCONUT CANDY MADE cheese, milk, bottle butter (kind of butter that
WAYS IN THE COUTRY WITH WHITE oR DARK SUGAR
is kept in its liquid state in room temperature
inside a bottle) and cassava flour.
Coconut milk: made from the coconuts Cassava: in the Northeast, the sweetest version Cooked maize: after removing the straw and Baio de dois: dish made with green or
white inside, beaten with a little water and of this root is known as manioc. The flour is used hair, the corn is cooked and served with salt, French beans, mixed with white rice, dried
strained. It is used in bob de camaro (a dish as a side dish and can even be eaten for breakfast. and occasionally with butter. meat, or dried meat and curd cheese. Served
consisting of stewed shrimp with coconut milk, Beef: it is usual to find the meat already Canjica: also known as curau in several with the traditional bottle butter.
dend oil and manioc cream). dried in the sun (called carne de sol) or air- states, it is a sweet dough made from ground Moqueca: fish stew with coconut milk, palm
Fish and seafood: the northeastern coast dried and preserved with salt (dried meat). It corn and coconut milk, served with sugar oil, pepper and cilantro.
provides fishes, mollusks and shellfish widely can be served in portions or be used as an in- and cinnamon.
used in the local cuisine. Many dishes are made gredient in dishes from the region. P de moleque: the candy is done in many
TYPICAL
with big shrimps. Crabs are served in portions. Fruit: from the great variety of fruits con- different ways in each corner of the country. NORTHEAST
MOQUECA
Beans: there are several types. White, black, sumed in the region some of them are: guava, ca- One of its traditional forms is found at par-
green and French beans are the most used. shew nut, banana, mango, jack-fruit, araa (kind ties, especially in Pernambuco state, its a kind
Cheese curd: traditional product of the north- of guava), mangaba, sapodilla, umbu, hog plum of cake made with cassava dough, nuts and a
eastern backlands, it is found mainly in Pernam- and soursop. From the cashew, the chestnut is syrup made of sugar and butter. Farther south,
buco, Paraba, Cear and Rio Grande do Norte. also extracted, used in many traditional recipes. the candy is made of brown sugar and peanuts.
Corn: consumed in countless ways, it can be Cocada: coconut candy made with white
boiled or roasted and used as a basis for prepar- Festa Junina (Junes celebrities) cuisine or dark sugar. It can be found being sold in the
ing canjica (dish made from grated green corn, The Festa Junina is one of the most traditional streets like a board candy.

Roberto Faria/Embratur
sugar, milk and cinnamon), cakes, pamonha (a festivities of the Northeast and happens in all Rice pudding: sweet made with rice and
sweetish concoction of which green corn paste is states, which often compete to be the largest milk. It may have condensed milk and be served
the chief ingredient, rolled and baked in fresh corn celebration. In addition to the dances, music with cloves and cinnamon.
husks), curau (dish made of salted meat brayed and games, one of the biggest attractions are Pamonha: sweet or salty, the pamonha is
together with manioc flour), among other recipes. the delicacies typically served at the party. made with grated corn and milk.
40 BRAzIL 41

Paoca of dried meat: farofa made from TYPICAL LUNCH IN THE of fish; and fried steak of Piraputanga. The
MID-WEST REGION
cassava flour, dried meat and minced onion. It most common side dishes are rice, farofa of
can be served with banana and a baio de dois. banana and mush of manioc flour. The piranha
Tapioca: made of cassava gum, in discs like broth is also a mandatory dish on the table of
pancakes, and served with sweet or salty stuffing. the people of Mato Grosso.
Acaraj: traditionally prepared by the Beef and pork meats share space on the table
baianas, acaraj is a small dough made of of the people from Mato Grosso with a variety of
French beans fried in palm oil. It can be stuffed exotic meats. Previously consumed only in ru-
with vatap, caruru (dish prepared by stew- ral areas, meats such as wild boar, alligator and
ing dried shrimps, okra, minced herbs with capybara, today it can be found in major cities
palm oil and spices) and pepper sauce. throughout the state. The most famous recipes
Caldo de sururu: soup made with shellfish, with traditional meats of Mato Grosso are the
coconut milk and palm oil. costela atolada, guisado moda cuiabana (stew
Caldo de mocot: this hot soup is made of ox in the Cuiab style), dried meat with banana,

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur
paws, from where the traditional broth comes out. chopped okra, vaca atolada, among many others.
Dobradinha: dish made of white beans The spices used to prepare these traditional

Daniel De Granvile - Fotograma


cooked with beef tripe. dishes are found within the state. Pequi, cas-
Sarapatel: with different recipes in each sava, corn, pepper and yerba mate are much
state, the sarapatel is a stew made with viscera used to enrich the vast cuisine from Mato
of hogs, lamb or goat, thickened with the blood Grosso. There are also a variety of preserves, FEIJO-TROPEIRO WITH PORK RIND AND SAUSAGE

of the animal. Its served with flour and pepper. assorted desserts and, of course, liqueurs and
Vatap: there are several versions for the cachaa (sugar cane alcoholic drink). With a strong and very peculiar flavor, pequi is
cream of shrimp, which can take bread, bread- used to make salty and sweet dishes, jams, ice
crumbs or cornmeal, peanut, cashew, pepper, Pequi is the flagship cream, liqueurs and even oils.
coconut milk and palm oil. MID-WEST Consisting mostly (97%) by Cerrado, and 3% of
Caruru: Just as vatap, this dish became Formed by the biomes of the Amazon, Cerrado, the Atlantic Forest, the state of Gois has a trop- Other highlights
popular among the people from Par and is Atlantic Forest and Pantanal, the Midwest re- ical semi-humid climate. This contributes to a Empado goiano: a pie that takes pork, sau-
also served in this state, with some modifica- gion is made up by the states of Mato Grosso rich cuisine which made the state a reference sage, chicken, guariroba and cheese.
tions. Basically, caruaru is a mush (cassava (MT), Gois (GO) and Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), worldwide. The galinhada is the best known Feijo-tropeiro: with pork rind, sausage,
flour mixed with a hot broth) made with okra, and the Federal District (DF). Thanks to the dish of the state, made with rice, chicken and cabbage and cassava flour.
shrimp, parsley and oil palm. natural wealth of the region, its cuisine is very pequi - which can also be replaced by guari- Maria Isabel rice: it takes meats and species
Bolo de rolo: candy made with a thin sponge rich and diverse. The Cerrado (open pasture roba, a species of heart of palm, a symbol from from the region.
cake wrapped with layers of goiabada (guava with patches of stunted vegetation) is the only the region. Among the ingredients, pequi is the Fish in the tile: it can be done with the fish
jam), covered with sugar. Served in thin slices. biome prevailing in all states. The cuisine of the most famous in Gois cuisine. As well-known Pintado or Surubim, lots of peppers, onions,
region is strongly influenced by livestock, one as controversial, theres no middle ground to it. garlic and goat pepper.
of the main economic activities in the territory, The Baru chestnut and Cajuzinho (cashew
SHRIMP CREAM
KNOWN AS VATAP which shares with beef, pork and goat meat the nut) do Cerrado, as well as the Pequi, are used
PEQUI, TYPICAL
populations preference. FRUIT OF THE in ice creams, popsicles and candies.
BRAZILIAN
CERRADO There are several types of spirits from Gois,
Exotic diversity with diverse flavors and alcohol levels.
In the traditional cuisine of Mato Grosso, it is
very common to find dishes that combine meat Federal district and Mato Grosso do Sul
(from traditional to exotic ones) to traditional Located east of the state of Gois, the Federal
spices of the cerrado. Thanks to the influence District is home to the countrys capital, Bras-
of Pantanal, fish is the most consumed prod- lia. Its population consists of people who came
uct in the region. Among the dishes that take from several states. Thanks to this diversity, the
fish on the menu, the highlights are the tradi- cuisine of Brazils capital absorbed various refer-
Elin Gunnur

elias minasi

tional Mojica, beef stew prepared with the fish ences. In Braslia you can go to a restaurant from
Pintado; Ventrecha, fried ribs of Pacu a type Minas Gerais, Gois, Rio Grande do Sul, from the
42 BRAzIL 43

Northeast without leaving the city. Its prevailing omy Capital, So Paulo brings together the best THE MINAS CHEESE

biome is from the Cerrado (100%), which contrib- restaurants in the country. Its more than ten
utes to a closer relationship with the cuisine of thousand options, ranging from simple cuisine to
Gois. But international cuisine is greatly present the most refined. This variety of options has put
in the city. There are plenty of Germans, Italian, the city on top of the list of best places to eat.
French, Portuguese and Argentine restaurants. In So Paulo, you can go to a Japanese, Italian,
The state of Mato Grosso do Sul consists of Thai, German, Mexican, Spanish, Portuguese,
three biomes: Cerrado (61%), Mata Atlntica Argentinean, Turkish, Greek, Korean, Chinese
(14%) and Pantanal (25%). The major cities are restaurants. The possibilities are endless, en-
the capital, Campo Grande, Bonito, Dourados, abling the tourist to enjoy the best dishes of

Roberto Seba/Acervo Setur MG


Trs Lagoas, Ponta Por and Aquidauna. The the world in the same city. Throughout the year
prevailing climate in the state is tropical, with the most diverse festivals are held, which fur-
variations between hot and semi-humid. The ther contributes to the fame that the capital
cuisine from southern Mato Grosso is made acquired. Renowned chefs are invited to attend
from ingredients found throughout the state. these events, and end up opening or expanding
But the rich local cuisine has absorbed dishes their businesses in the city.

Gary Tamin
from Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia. But So Paulo has not only imported flavors and
HOMEMADE
PASTRY world experts in haute cuisine, the city is also re- Delights of Minas Gerais
Main highlights of Mato Grosso do Sul sponsible for launching internationally recognized Consisting mostly of Cerrado, followed by Mata
Paraguayan soup: it takes big chunks of on- names. Mentioned in the Michelin Guide and con- Atlntica and Caatinga, the state of Minas
ion, grated cheese and corn meal SOUTHEAST sidered by the publication as one of the best chefs Gerais produces a series of traditional foods
Juice and soup of piranha (an extremely vo- The cuisine of the four Southeastern states in the world, Alex Atala has taken the Brazilian from the land. Po de queijo (cheese bread),
racious fresh-water fish) incorporated dishes and habits from different cuisine to all continents. Helen Rizzo and the res- polenta (a kind of porridge made of cornmeal),
Forrundu: papaya and brown sugar candy cultures. In the countryside, the famous tro- taurant chain Fasano are other names highlighted chicken with okra, pururuca style piglet, Minas
Puchero: a sort of casserole inherited from peira food still inhabits the kitchens of families by the major international publications. style tutu (a dish prepared of beans, bacon and
Argentina made with various cuts of meat and traditional restaurants. Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte are on the manioc). Its impossible to list all the dishes of
Locro: made with white beans and corn, Some say that the pizza from So Paulo is bet- list of cities also famous for haute cuisine. In the traditional cuisine of Minas Gerais we know.
pork and different seasonings ter than the real pasta made in Italy. Are they Rio de Janeiros state capital, the most promi- Abundant from breakfast to dinner, the cuisine
Pacu: typical fish of the Pantanal, can be exaggerating? What is evident is that the city nent name is that of Chef Roberta Sudbrack. of the state is known throughout Brazil.
served fried, baked or boiled is a reference in the subject and attracts thou- Her restaurant in Rio, alongside D.O.M. and The famous Minas cheese is produced exclu-
Terer: the chimarro from southern sands of people because of its fame. The Italian Mani (both in So Paulo) are on the list of the sively in five micro regions of Minas Gerais: Ca-
Mato Grosso is the most popular beverage immigrants arrived in the four states, but most British magazine Restaurant. In Belo Horizonte, nastra Mountain Range (West), Arax and Alto
in the state. Made with yerba mate, it can be chose So Paulo as their destination. it is important to highlight Chef Ivo Faria, also Paranaba (Tringulo Mineiro), Serro (center)
drunk hot or cold. The capital of So Paulo also has the largest nationally and internationally acclaimed. and Campos das Vertentes (South). All cheeses
Japanese community in Brazil and the Liberdade are made with the same production methods
district is home to most of these immigrants. and ingredients, but the soil of each farm gives
TERER, THE CHIMARRO FROM THE SO PAULO PIZZA
SOUTHERN MATO GROSSO Tabouli (wheat salad), kibbe (Arab dish, made the products a peculiar flavor.
of deep-fried ground meat and whole wheat
flour), esfijas, hummus and kaftas reached the Other highlights of the Southeast
Southeast through the Syrian-Lebanese. In Minas Roast chicken with farofa (manioc flour
Gerais, dishes such as feijo tropeiro and angu toasted in butter or olive oil)
(flour of manioc, maize or rice boiled in water and Frango (chicken) caipira with okra
salt) are an inheritance of the pioneers. Quirera or Canjiquinha mineira (a dish made
from grated green corn, sugar, milk and cinnamon)
Gastronomic capitals Roasted pork loin
So Paulo attracts every year almost 12 million Feijo (beans) tropeiro mineiro
Eduardo Cesario

Ugur Vidinligil

visitors. Most of them come for business, but for Beef Stew with bananas
decades the capital has attracted visitors because Homemade pastry
of its culinary wealth. Voted the World Gastron- Couscous Paulista
44 BRAzIL 45

Stews, paella and mussels THE TRADITIONAL


BRAZILIAN COFFEE
The moqueca capixaba (capixaba stew) is per-
haps the most famous dish from the coast of Es-
prito Santo state, but to limit the states coastal
cuisine to only this delicious dish means to set
aside a multitude of flavors. The rice with capixa-
ba shrimp also accompanies its countryman, and
just like it, its served in a huge clay pot - heritage
of indigenous customs. There are a number of
variations of the dish which acquired internation-
al versions in several contemporary restaurants.

Divulgao
Those who visit the coast of Esprito Santo
FEIJOADA SIDE DISH
will also find the famous fish stew of mus-
sels, usually prepared with white wine, olive
oil and pepper. And what about the fish in
green sauce in the oven? Made with herbs and
lemon, it is found all along the coast. The fish

Hans Thoursie
used to prepare the dish can be anchovies,

Divulgao
THE PINHO, A SEED
LARGELY FOUND
whiting and dogfish. DURING THE MONTHS
OF MAY AND JUNE
In Rio de Janeiro, the paella of seafood can be
highlighted. The Spanish dish in Rios coastal
version doesnt add chicken and takes mussels, but there are others which have been incorpo- Sul (RS). The forest offers two ingredients typi-
squid, medium and large-sized shrimps. Oth- rated overtime. In Brazil, the most famous are cal of the region: the pinho, a seed largely
er highlights of Rio de Janeiro are the dogfish the shrimp, in Rio de Janeiro, and the cod filling found during the months of May and June. It
stews (moqueca) with assorted peppers, mus- found in the Mercado Municipal de So Paulo. can be eaten after being roasted or cooked and

Divulgao
FEIJOADA, ONE OF
sels vinaigrette and several kinds of cod. THE MOST POPULAR peeled, and its used as the basis for many reci-
DISHES IN BRAZIL
Coffee pes, mixed with meats, sauces or even in the
Minas Gerais, Esprito Santo and So Paulo are form of candy. The yerba mate is the basis of
Feijoada also famous for coffee production. But the title the chimarro. In order to have an idea of the
The weekend is the time to eat feijoada, the of Brazils largest producer stays in the hands of importance of these fruits of the forest, you
most popular dish of Brazil. The specialty es- Minas Gerais state, which accounts for almost only have to know that Paran has adopted the
sentially takes smoked pork, sausage and cuts half of the national production. The state pro- branches of araucria (Brazilian pine) and the
of pigs feet, tail and ears. Served in a clay pot, duces mostly specialty coffees, 100% Arabian, yerba mate as symbols of the state and part of
a traditional delicacy of countries colonized by grown in different soils: South of Minas Gerais, its flags decoration.
the Portuguese is served with white rice, pork Chapada, Matas and Cerrado.
rind, flour, cabbage, orange slices and red pep- Esprito Santo comes right behind, the main Chimarro
per sauce made with the juice of the beans. As producer of Conilon, grown in the warm ar- Anywhere in the country, if you meet a gau-
a side order, we recommend a batidinha of eas of the state. A traditional grower of coffee, cho (as they call those born in Rio Grande do
lemon juice, sugar and cachaa. Softer than the the state of So Paulo has an exclusive crop of Sul), he/she will probably have a thermos for
caipirinha, it is often served as an appetizer Arbica, produced in the regions of Mogiana water and a gourd to drink chimarro in their
before eating the dish. and the Midwest of So Paulo. luggage. The habit was acquired by indigenous
people in the region and is still deeply rooted.
Boteco (pub) food The more traditional gauchos only drink chi-
Prepared with dough that takes flour, water, SOUTH marro following certain rules. It is, after all,
Receitas de culinaria PT

cachaa and salt, the pastel frito (fried pastry) Southern Brazil has a lower temperature than a communitarian drink, mandatory for family
is a traditional food found in markets, bars, mar- the rest of the country and houses the Pampas reunions and to welcome visitors. The person
kets and streets of So Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo biome. The rich grassland is integrated into the who prepares the drink is also the first one to
Horizonte and Esprito Santo. The traditional pine forests in three southern states, Paran drink it, because the first yerba mate tea is
SEAFOOD PAELLA
fillings of meat and cheese are still consumed, (PR), Santa Catarina (SC) and Rio Grande do the most bitter. After you refill the bowl with
46 BRAzIL 47

THE GAUCHO CHIMARRO THE PASTA Other traditional dishes


Barreado: found in some coastal cities of
Paran, such as Morretes and Antonina, the
barreado is prepared at fishermen locations.
The basis of the dish is the beef which is cooked
for long hours in a clay pot sealed with dough
made of cassava flour. The meat is served with
the hot sauce over the flour, forming a mush,
and mashed bananas.
Sequence of shrimps: in Florianpolis (SC),
the shrimp are served in a row in the restau-
rants around the Lagoa da Conceio.

Marina Avila
Arroz de carreteiro: a mix of rice with jerk-

Divulgao
TYPICAL GAUCHO ed beef originally prepared by the carter, who
BARBECUE
used to guide the freight wagons drawn by oxes
Jernimo Freitas Rodrigues de Carvalho

throughout Rio Grande do Sul state.


Italian cuisine
The families descending from the Italian colo- tarina state, in the month of October, should
nies located throughout the region included include the Oktoberfest, a festival of Ger-
in our cuisine the polenta (a kind of porridge manic traditions. The main attraction is the
made of cornmeal), pasta, sausages, chicken beer, but other German culinary delicacies are
consumption, and wines. Some regional cities served in the party.
such as Curitiba (Paran state) have neighbor- Eisbein: the dish is made with pork knuckle
hoods of Italian tradition with a choice of spe- cooked with spices and served with mashed po-
warm water, it is passed to the next person, cialized restaurants. And there are cities that tatoes and sausages.
who should drink all the water before refilling directly originated from Italian colonies as well, Cuca: its a sort of cake-bread, which takes
it and passing it around. such as the city of Caxias do Sul (Rio Grande do various sweet toppings.
Sul state), which makes the traditional Italian Caf da Colnia: The colonial coffee of

John evans
Frontier food cuisine a tourist attraction. the German cities may include breads, butter,
The Southern cuisine shares traditions with its Polenta: the basic recipe takes fub (a cheese, cakes, sausages, milk, cuca, pork, pies,
bordering countries - Argentina, Paraguay and flour derived from corn), water and salt, and preserves, honey, among others. VINES IN THE SOUTH

Uruguay - and which are home to the same biome. can be cooked, griddled or fried. It can be served Colonial Cheese: found mainly in western
The barbecue is the main result of this proximity. in portions or as a side dish. Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Suls moun- Wines
Churrasco (barbecue): from the big herds of Capelete soup: the soup includes chicken tain ranges, it is a white homemade cheese and The South has the largest wine production in the
cattle and sheep that graze in the fields of the breast, seasoning and capelete. goes through aging. Its soft inside, spicy and country, occupying mainly the state of Santa Ca-
pampas comes the meat prepared in the form Galeto Al Primo Canto: the meat of the has a thick crust. tarinas mountain ranges and the Vineyards Val-
of barbecue. The meal includes parts of various young chicken is roasted over hot coal. leys of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The most
meat and sausages seasoned in salt and baked Caf da Colnia: also called Caf Colonial, Tropeira food commonly used grapes are from the Cabernet
in the burning coal. The most common side this meal is actually of German origin. But it is From the expeditions of the tropeiros, mer- Sauvingon and Merlot varieties. The sparkling
dishes are rice, salad, maionese (a dressing quite common for visitors to find this option in chants of meat who came from Rio Grande do wine gained prominence among the specialized
consisting of oil, vinegar or lemon juice, and egg the cities of Italian origin. In these colonies, the Sul to the southeastern states, the tradition critics, but the red wine is still the most con-
yolks), farofa of toasted manioc flour and bread. meal can include coffee, milk, colonial bread of tropeira food was created throughout this sumed in the country.
It is typically served a meal for large groups of (homemade), biscuits, cakes, jams, sausage, om- route. The basis of this cuisine is rice, beans, In the middle of the semiarid, in municipalities
people, whether family or friends gatherings. In elets, polenta, juices, seasonal fruits and wines. salted and shredded meat (jerked beef) and of the states of Bahia and Pernambuco, the North-
restaurants, it is common the meats to be served common ingredients found on the path. It was east region also produces the drink. The dry climate,
in sequence. Its the so called espeto corrido or German tradition important that the food would last throughout the high incidence of sunshine throughout the year,
rodzio (a system of service in certain restau- The Germans maintain the tradition of reci- the journey - hence the use of dry ingredients and artificial irrigation allow more than one crop
rants where barbecued meats or pizzas are of- pes with pork knuckle, sausages, potatoes and and a lot of fat. Bacon, cracklings, manioc and per year. Sparkling wines are the highlights.
fered abundantly, according to the clients taste). beer. A visit to the city of Blumenau, Santa Ca- corn flour are served as side dishes.
48 BRAzIL 49

tatives of the State, with the towns of Monte


Alegre do Sul, Serra Negra, Amparo and Jag-
uarina among the highlights. Vale do Paraba
also has excellent small-scale producers, such
as those found in the charming town of So
Luiz do Piratininga.
Minas Gerais cannot be excluded from the
list of small-scale producers. Minas Gerais
cachaa is among the most appreciated by
specialists. The town of Salinas is one of the
best known for the quality of cachaa pro-
duced in its stills. Betim, Araguari Januria and
historical cities including Congonhas, So Joo
del Rei and Mariana, among others, are also
producers of good quality cachaa.
There are also many small-scale producers in
the Northeast of Brazil. The State of Paraba, in

Eric Gaba/Museu da Cachaa


particular the town of Alagoa Grande, usually
ranks among the top Brazilian cachaas. The
region of the Chapada Diamantina in the State
Ptria Minas Restaurante

of Bahia is another northeastern representa-


tive of national cachaa production, along with museu da Cachaa
in Maranguape, Cear
Ibirataia and Abara.
The Brazilian cachaa has
been recognized as a typical
product of the country

Cachaa is Brazilian pagne is to France and tequila to Mexico. The


Now its official: Cachaa is a Brazilian drink. manufacture of cachaa occurs in all Brazilian
What may seem obvious to Brazilians was not States, each with its own specific characteristics. Caipirinha
so obvious to foreigners, who knew our cacha- Among the main producer regions, So Paulo, The traditional Brazilian drink, caipirinha, is
a as Brazilian rum. Pernambuco and Cear stand out, account- made from cachaa. It is a mixture of cachaa,
An agreement between the President of Brazil, ing for almost half of Brazils production of the sugar and fruit. The traditional caipirinha is
Dilma Rousseff and U.S. President Barak Obama, spirit. Minas Gerais, Bahia, Gois, Paran and made with green lemon, but there is a myriad
signed on April 9, 2012 in Washington, foresees Paraba also make an important contribution. of other choices of fruits (Brazil has more than
the creation of a Brazilian seal of quality and The most highly awarded distillery is located in 300 types of national fruit, including those
recognition of cachaa as a Brazilian product. Rio Grande do Sul, the Alambique Weber Haus. only grown here). The most popular are caip-
This is an important step in order that cacha- Cachaa produced here holds 16 medals and irinhas made with pawpaw, Cayenne cherry,
a can be recognized by the World Trade Or- beat competition from vodkas and rums in in- cupuau, jabuticaba, among others. Alongside
ganization and become an export product. ternational competitions in which it participat- beer, caipirinha is the popular beverage in Bra-
Cachaa producers demonstrated the manu- ed. Rio Grande do Sul has become a region spe- zil, and is drunk as an accompaniment to the
facturing characteristics of the product to cializing in manufacturing cachaa for export. most popular dish in Brazilian households - a
prove that no other beverage follows the same As well as the town of Ivoti, home to Alambique good feijoada (meat, offal, rice and beans) is
recipe, proving that the drink is different from Weber Haus, Passo Velho, Dois Irmos and the never served without a caipirinha. It is also
rum, whiskey and other spirits. Under the traditional wine stronghold of Bento Gonalves present in bars and clubs in the larger cities.
agreement it was determined that cachaa is are also important cachaa distillery locations. The alcohol content of the spirit varies between
made exclusively in Brazil. So Paulo, Brazils largest producer, also has 38 and 54 GL, according to the Brazilian Insti-
divulgao

This is a dispute that has lasted for 46 years, excellent cachaa. The Circuito Paulista de tute of Weights and Measures.
but from now on cachaa is to Brazil what cham- guas is one of the most important represen-
50 BRAzIL 51

Brazilian Architecture Brasilia is the ultimate expression of national AUDITRIO IBIRAPUERA,


DESIGNED BY OSCAR NIEMEYER
Brazilian architectural tradition began at the time modernism. Built in accordance with the prem-
of colonization, when the Portuguese baroque ises of the modernist school, its constructions
style was absorbed and reinvented in the country. display the vision of Niemeyer and Lcio Costa
The style known as bandeirante e borroco - Pio- in their revolutionary and unique forms, which
neer Baroque, found virtually all over Brazil, was have become recognized worldwide.
the first example of using local materials and ad- The next generation has included the use
aptation to the new reality. of more Brazilian materials, a search into the
Brazilian culture includes exponents such as countrys past, including bricks and tiles. Lina
Oscar Niemeyer, Lcio Costa, Burle Marx, Paulo Bo Bardi, Jaime Lerner and Luiz Paulo Conde are
Mendes da Rocha and Vilanova Artigas among some of the architects that have marked their
others - all representatives of the modernist presence in this era. Lerner, from Curitiba, was
school that brought modernist concepts from oth- one of the first exponents of the concept of ur-
er countries and made them Brazilian. Niemeyer ban planning in the countrys large Cities. He

Milton Galvani/Embratur
is the clearest example of this transformation. In- was responsible for the creation of the exclusive
spired by waves, he created the sinuous and cur- bus lanes that form the basis for the transporta-
vilinear forms that became his trademark. The tion system in the City of Curitiba. Lina Bo Bar-
Complexo da Pampulha in Minas Gerais demon- di, Italian by birth but a So Paulo resident by
strates his mastery. In So Paulo, the Parque do choice, is responsible for works that are picture-
Ibirapuera, the Memorial da Amrica Latina and postcards of Brazil, the most famous being the
Copan building show other facets of his talent. Museu de Arte Moderna in So Paulo.
ART supported on four columns with a span of 74
From the Baroque style that came to Brazil meters was designed by Lina Bo Bardi, a mod-
Curve lines designed
by Oscar Niemeyer through the hands of the Portuguese to modern ernist architect born in Italy and naturalized
trends of contemporary artistic styles, Brazilian Brazilian. It was a condition of the project that
art demonstrates the cultural richness of the the outlook to the center of the City and over the
country. Great names have emerged from ef- Serra da Cantareira, which marks the northern
fervescent modernism, a movement marked by limit of So Paulo, should be preserved. The col-
the Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) lection of around 8,000 pieces includes works
held in Brazil in 1922. The event represented the by Renoir, Monet, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Modigli-

Tuca Vieira/fundao osesp


Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

emancipation of Brazilian art. Aligned with in- ani, Goya and Diego Rivera, among others, as
ternational vanguards, the modernists broke es- well as examples from some of the greatest
tablished standards in the search for a national Brazilian artists, including Tarsila do Amaral,
form of expression. Di Cavalcanti, Candido Portinari, Lasar Segall,
SALA SO PAULO Anita Malfatti and Flvio de Carvalho.

Museums ANTIQUE MARKET IN


MASPS FREE SPAN
IGREJA DE IGREJA DE SO FRANCISCO, Much of the history of Brazilian culture - as well
SANTA RITA, in Minas Gerais
in Paraty as works of art of international significance -
are preserved in Brazils principal museums.

Museu de Arte de So Paulo (MASP)


Internet site: www.masp.art.br
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm.
Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Milton Galvani/Embratur
Rita Barreto/embratur

Wednesdays from 11 am to 8 pm

The Museu de Arte de So Paulo (MASP) is one


of the picture postcards of the city of So Paulo.
Located on Avenida Paulista, the construction
52 BRAzIL 53

MUSEU DE MEMORIAL DA Pinacoteca


ARTE MODERNA AMRICA LATINA INDOOR AREA
Milton Galvani/Embratur

Rubens Chiri/BIESP
MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA (MAM) a visit. The collection includes the Tiradentes
Internet site: www.mam.org.br panel by Candido Portinari, the Tapaeira by
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday (including holidays) from Tomie Ohtake and items of folk art by anony-

Milton Galvani/Embratur
10 am to 6 pm mous artisans, collected from across the conti-
nent. The Memorial also houses a library spe-
A visit to the Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) cializing in Latin American themes.
should include a trip to Parque do Ibirapuera
in So Paulo, where the museum is located. The MUSEU DA IMAGEM E DO SOM (MIS)
architectural complex, which also includes the Internet site: www.mis-sp.org.br
Oca and the Pavilho, were designed by the Bra- Hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 12 am to 10 pm. Pinacoteca do Estado de So Paulo including works by Picasso, Matisse, Tarsila do
zilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. In addition to Sundays and holidays from 11 am to 9 pm Internet site: www.pinacoteca.org.br Amaral and Volpi. The museum currently pos-
hosting the Panorama of Brazilian Art exhibi- Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5:30 pm sesses some 10,000 works, including paintings,
tion every two years, MAM has more than 5,000 Since its inauguration in 1970 the Museu da drawings, prints, sculptures, objects and works
works in its collection. It includes works of Imagem e do Som (MIS) in So Paulo has sought The oldest art museum in the city of So Paulo, of conceptual art and contemporary art. The ex-
modern art, principally contemporary Brazilian to be a living museum. Its collection of more the Pinacoteca maintains an intense exhibi- hibits are divided among three buildings. One is
art, among them pieces by Livio Abramo, Flvio than 200,000 items includes photographs, films, tion schedule, with around 30 temporary ex- within Parque do Ibirapuera. The newest build-
de Carvalho, Paulo Bruscky, Hlio Oiticica, Ly- videos, posters, vinyl records and sound record- hibitions each year. Initially projected to house ing is located in a large building opposite the
gia Clark, Nelson Leirner, Cildo Meireles, Regina ings. Examples include narrations by Tarsila do the collection of the Museu Paulista, the Pina- park, which was reformed especially to house
Silveira, Carlos Fajardo, Beatriz Milhazes, Rafael Amaral and the musician Tom Jobim. Going be- coteca (Art Gallery) has works by important the Museum. The oldest site is located within
Frana, Vik Muniz and Rivane Neuenschwander. yond preserving a rich archive, MIS maintains artists who were active in the city, such as Al- the So Paulo University campus (Cidade Uni-
an intense schedule of events and projects it- meida Jnior and Antonio Parreiras. However, versitria). MAC has ties to University research,
MEMORIAL DA AMRICA LATINA self as an institution that fosters audiovisual the Pinacoteca gradually became a contem- and undertakes academic activities as well as
Internet site: www.memorial.org.br language. It is always hosting an exhibition, porary art museum. Temporary exhibitions the dissemination of culture.
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm show or performance. feature works by both Brazilian and foreign
artists. Close to the Estao da Luz, it occu- MUSEU AFRO BRASIL
Located in So Paulo, the Memorial was inaugu- pies a building designed in the late nineteenth Internet site: www.museuafrobrasil.org.br
rated in 1989 and is based on a cultural vision century by the offices of Ramos de Azevedo to Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5 pm
conceived by the Brazilian anthropologist Dar- house the College of Art.
cy Ribeiro. It was created with the mission of Created in 2002, the Museu Afro Brasil in So
bringing Brazil closer to other Latin American MUSEU DE ARTE CONTEMPORNEA (MAC) Paulo has much of its collection on permanent
countries. The exhibition areas are housed in a Internet site: www.mac.usp.br display. As well as housing a theater, the in-
large architectural complex designed by Oscar Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm stitution also maintains a library of approxi-
Niemeyer. The architect invited each artist to mately 6,800 volumes on the theme of The
Ding Musa/MIS

choose where their work would be exhibited. Created in 1963, the Museu de Arte Contem- Atlantic Slave Trade and the Abolition of Slav-
MUSEU DA
Architectural and artistic works are therefore IMAGEM E pornea de So Paulo (MAC) has a vast collec- ery in Brazil, Latin America, the Caribbean and
DO SOM
presented in an integrated manner throughout tion of Western art and Brazilian modernism, the United States. The aim of the museum is
54 BRAzIL 55

the research, conservation and exhibition of


objects related to the black universe in Bra-
zil. The museum is part of the cultural area of
Parque do Ibirapuera, located next to the Mu-
seu de Arte Moderna (MAM) and the Pavilho
da Bienal, among others.

MUSEU DA LNGUA PORTUGUESA


Internet site: www.museudalinguaportuguesa.org.br
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm

Opened in 2006, the museum has been one


of the most visited in Latin America in recent
years. The exhibition uses innovative interac-
tive technology and resources to display and

Eduardo Castanho
promote the Portuguese language. For example,
in the Beco das Palavras (Word Alley) visitors
can play with the creation of words in an in- INSTITUTO
TOMIE OHTAKE
teractive game. On the World Language Map

Alexandre Macieira|Riotur
it is possible to choose a location on a large
map and hear narratives from local people, INSTITUTO TOMIE OHTAKE
each with their own special way of speaking Internet site: www.institutotomieohtake.org.br
their language. Temporary exhibitions are of- Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 8 pm
MUSEU DE ARTE
ten mounted to further explore literature by MODERNA IN
RIO DE JANEIRO
Portuguese language authors such as Fernando Opened in 2001, the museum is named after
Pessoa, Guimares Rosa and Jorge Amado. The one of the most important Brazilian artists.
museum is located within Estao da Luz, one Designed by the son of the artist, the architect meyer and which is part of the cultural area in clude works by Marc Ferrez, Marcel Gautherot,
of the city of So Paulos tourist sights. Ruy Ohtake, the building has an avant-garde Parque do Ibirapuera, at the side of the Museu Jos Medeiros, Jos Ramos Tinhoro, Humberto
style, with an auditorium and seven halls for de Arte Moderna (MAM) and the Museu Afro Franceschi, Pixinguinha, Decio de Almeida Prado
the exhibition of paintings, sculpture, deco- Brasil, among others. The first Biennial occurred and Ana Cristina Cesar. The Institute has three
ration, architecture and design. The institu- in 1951. Two years later, the event was marked cultural centers (So Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and
tion also maintains four workshops for arts by the arrival in Brazil of the work Guernica, by Poos de Caldas, a town in the State of Minas
courses. Born in Japan, Tomie arrived in Brazil Pablo Picasso. The Bienal program also includes Gerais), which host exhibitions, lectures, con-
in 1936 and only began painting at the age 40, dance, theater and music, as well as discussions certs, film festivals and other events.
constructing a career that few Brazilian artists and workshops. The Biennial usually takes place
have been able to achieve. The 1960s, when she between September and December. MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA, Rio de Janeiro
became a naturalized Brazilian, were decisive (MAM-RJ)
to her maturity as a painter. INSTITUTO MOREIRA SALLES Internet site: www.mamrio.org.br
Internet site: www.ims.com.br Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 12 am to 6 pm.
BIENAL DE SO PAULO Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 1 pm to 7 pm. Sundays and holidays from 12 am to 7 pm
Internet site: www.bienal.org.br Saturdays and Sundays from 1 pm to 6 pm
The Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) had one
The Bienal de So Paulo is one of the main events Founded in 1992 by the late ambassador and of the most important art collections in the
on the world art circuit, and as the name im- banker, Walter Moreira Salles (1912-2001), the country in the twentieth century and was
plies it occurs every two years in So Paulo. The Institute seeks to promote and develop cultural the stage of artistic avant-garde in the years
Rubens Chiri/BIESP

event promotes the work of international art- programs. Its collection includes around 550,000 from 1950 to 1960. The collection includes
ists and reflects current trends in the art scene. photographs, 100,000 recordings, a library of around 11,000 works. MAM currently pro-
EXHIBITION AT
Museu da lngua The event takes place in the Pavilho da Bienal, 400,000 books and an art gallery with more than vides a panorama of international art, espe-
portuguesa
a pavilion designed by the architect Oscar Nie- 3,000 works. Highlights among the collection in- cially Brazilian art. There are works by world
56 BRAzIL 57

renowned artists such as Fernand Lger, Al- twelve pieces by the sculptor Franz Krajcberg,
berto Giacometti, Max Bill and Lucio Fontana. twenty-four paintings by Dionsio Del Santo and
Among Latin American artists on display are thirty works by Lygia Clark. Artists such as Lygia
Torres Garca, Jorge de La Vega and Antonio Pape, Tomie Ohtake, Tunga and Waltrcio Caldas
Segu. Works by Brazilian artists include Di are also represented, among many others. The
Cavalcanti, Lygia Clark, Helio Oiticica, Franz museum is part of the Niemeyer Trail, a group
Weissmann, Amlcar de Castro and Willys de municipal buildings in the Cities of Niteri and
Castro. The building that houses the museum Rio de Janeiro projected by Oscar Niemeyer that
is located within the Parque do Flamengo on have significant architectural value.
the shores of Guanabara Bay, with landscaped
gardens designed by Roberto Burle Marx. Both MUSEU IMPERIAL
the gardens and the building itself are attrac- (Petroplis, Rio de Janeiro)
tions. The design was by Affonso Eduardo Re- Internet site: www.museuimperial.gov.br
idy, one of the important names in Brazilian Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm
modern architecture.
The museum is housed in the building that
Museu de Arte Contempornea (MAC-RJ) served as a summer residence for Emperor Dom
Internet site: www.macniteroi.com.br Pedro II in the City of Petropolis, 65 km from Rio
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm de Janeiro. Dom Pedro II signed a decree creat-
ing the City at the beginning of construction of
A visit the Museu de Arte Contempornea (MAC) the Petrpolis Palace. The site was transformed
in Niteri, Rio de Janeiro metropolitan region, is into a museum only in 1943, and already held

Alexandre Macieria/Riotur
worthwhile just for the building itself, designed a significant collection from Brazils imperial
by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer to in- period. Over the years it has accumulated ob-
tegrate with the landscape of the Boa Viagem jects, documents, sculptures, jewelry and sil-
viewpoint. Inaugurated in 1996, the museum be- verware, which now totals over 300,000 items.
gan its archives with the collection of Joo Sat- The museum also offers a permanent spectacle CENTRO CULTURAL
BANCO DO BRASIL
tamini, which includes works of contemporary with a sound and light show that recreates a
Brazilian art and is considered to be the larg- Princess ball in the Palace as well as important
est of its kind in Brazil. The collection includes moments from the Imperial period. Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB) MUSEU NACIONAL DE BELAS ARTES (MNBA)
Internet site: www.bb.com.br/cultura Internet site: www.mnba.gov.br
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 9 pm Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 6 pm.
Saturdays and Sundays from 12 am to 5 pm
In order to provide quality programs at af-
fordable prices, the Banco do Brasil - one of Located in Cinelndia, the museum occupies
the largest public financial institutions in the a building designed by the Spanish architect
country - founded the Centro Cultural Banco Adolfo Morales de los Rios. The initial design
do Brasil, known CCBBs, in the four main cit- of the building has undergone several chang-
ies in the country (Rio de Janeiro, So Paulo, es that have resulted in its eclectic style. The
Belo Horizonte and Brasilia). From the outset vast MNBA collection began with works of art
of the creation of the CCBBs in 1989, events brought by Dom Joo VI of Portugal and includes
that add value to national and international paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints from
culture have been presented throughout Bra- Brazil and overseas, dating from earlier centu-
Museu Imperial/Ibram/MinC

zil. In 2008 alone, 179 projects were presented ries through contemporary works, as well as
through 724 exhibitions, attracting more than furniture, glyptic art (engraving on precious
4.2 million visitors. Exhibitions included In- stones) and pieces of African art. Among the
dia and Paris: Impressionism and Modernity, significant works are the paintings of the Battle
THE Museu imperial with works from the Muse dOrsay, and by of Ava (1872) by Pedro Amrico, and the First
IN PETROPOLIS
Tarsila do Amaral. Mass in Brazil (1861) by Vitor Meirelles.
58 BRAzIL 59

Solar do Unho
Internet site: www.mam.ba.gov.br
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 1 pm to 7 pm

Located in Salvador, capital of the State of

Gustavo Bettini/Embratu
Bahia, the Solar do Unho is an architectural
complex composed of the Solar (a colonial
mansion), the Capela de Nossa Senhora da
Conceio, a private dock, aqueduct, fountain,
instituto RICARDO BRENNAND
slave quarters and a distillery with its storage
tanks. The complex currently houses the Mu-
seu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAM). With an library with 20,000 volumes with emphasis on
estimated 200,000 visitors per year, its collec- the history of the Dutch-Brazil period, and a se-
tion includes works by Brazilian artists such lection of sculptures, tapestries and furniture.
as Tunga, Mario Cravo Junior, Waltrcio Caldas
and Ruben Valentim, considered to be one of Inhotim
the great exponents of constructivism. There Internet site: www.inhotim.org.br
are also photograph by Pierre Verger. Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm

Instituto Ricardo Brennand Inhotim is located in Brumadinho and blends


Internet site: www.institutoricardobrennand.org.br art and nature with the landscape gardens of
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 1 pm to 5 pm Burle Marx. There are more than 450 works by
100 artists from Brazil and overseas, featuring
Located in the City of Recife, capital of the State the works of Cildo Meireles, Tunga, Vik Muniz,
of Pernambuco, the Instituto Ricardo Bren- Hlio Oiticica, Ernesto Neto, Matthew Barney,
nand is housed in a construction in the style Doug Aitken, Chris Burden, Yayoi Kusama,
of a medieval castle. There are three buildings: Paul McCarthy, Zhang Huan, Valeska Soares,
Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Museu Castelo So Joo, the Pinacoteca and the Marcellvs and Rivane Neuenschwander. There
Galeria, which are in an architectural complex are sculptures, installations, paintings, draw-
within a park. Founded by Ricardo Brennand, ings, photographs, films and videos distributed
a local businessman, the institutions archives among the extensive Jardim Botnico. Inhotim
MUSEU DE ARTE include one of the largest collections of weap- has a large area of preserved native forest in ad-
da PAMPULHA
ons in the world with more than 3,000 items, a dition to its botanical collections and lakes.

Museu de Arte DA Pampulha (MAP) MUSEU NACIONAL


INSTALLATION
Internet site: www.pbh.gov.br/cultura/map Internet site: www.sc.df.gov.br ART IN INHOTIM

Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 7 pm Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6:30 pm

The Museu de Arte da Pampulha (MAP) was The Museu Nacional is a place that inserts

Andre Mantelli Acervo Inhotim, Brumadinho (MG)


originally built to house a casino and is part of Brasilia into the international arts circuit and
the project by Oscar Niemeyer for Complexo Ar- exhibits the best in Brazilian art. The museum
quitetnico da Pampulha, which also includes a is used for exhibitions of works by renowned
church, a night club, a Yacht Club, Tennis Club artists and themes that are important to so-
and the house of Juscelino Kubitschek, the former ciety, as well as lectures, film shows, seminars
President of Brazil. The museum collection main- and events. It thus contributes to education and
ly holds contemporary art and includes works by tourism. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer,
Amilcar de Castro, Tomie Ohtake, Franz Weiss- it is located on the Esplanada dos Ministrios,
man and Oswaldo Goeldi. In the Art Hall, MAP ex- the region in Brasilia that is home to the princi-
hibits works by artists commencing their careers. pal public buildings.
60 BRAzIL 61

MUSEU OSCAR NIEMEYER


Artistas Maria Bonomi (1935)
The list of some of the major Brazilian artists Teacher, sculptor, engraver, painter and cos-
of international renown from different regions tume designer, Maria Anna Luiza Bonomi was
of Brazil includes a variety of styles, periods born in Meina (Italy) in 1935. At the age of 11
and techniques. years she moved to Brazil. She initially dedi-
cated herself to painting and drawing, shortly
Anita Malfatti (1889-1964) afterward adding prints to her work. After her
Anita Catarina Malfatti became interested in first solo exhibition in 1956, the artist went to
painting at an early through her mother, who study painting in New York. In the 1970s she
gave classes. Due to a congenital atrophy in her began working with sculptures. Her works can
right arm and hand, she had to paint left-hand- be seen in several cities around the world. In
ed. She began to exhibit their works after living in Brazil, So Paulo is home to several panels that
Germany and New York, where she attended art the artist produced for public spaces.
colleges and had the opportunity to study with
several renowned painters. She participated in Milton Dacosta (1915-1988)
the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Milton Dacosta began studying drawing and
Art) in 1922 with 20 works, among them O Ho- painting in 1929. The following year he enrolled
men Amarelo - The Yellow Man (1915/1916), one at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (ENBA). To-
of her major works, as well as Tropical (1917). gether with Edson Motta, Bustamante S and Ado
Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

Museu Oscar Niemeyer Fundao Iber Camargo


Internet site: www.museuoscarniemeyer.org.br Internet site: www.iberecarmargo.org.br
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 12 am to 7 pm.
Wednesdays from 12 am to 9 pm
Located in Curitiba, the capital of the State
of Paran, the Museu Oscar Niemeyer (MON) Located in Porto Alegre, capital of the Sta-
holds a collection of around 3,000 works by lo- te of Rio Grande do Sul, the building housing
cal artists such as Alfredo Andersen, Theodore the Fundao Iber Camargo was designed by
De Bona, Miguel Bakun, Guido Viaro and Helen Portuguese architect lvaro Siza. Lying on the
Wong, as well as works by artists from other margins of the Guaba river, which circles the
parts of Brazil, including Tarsila do Amaral and City, its collection holds around 7,000 works by
Cndido Portinari. Designed by architect Os- the artist Iber Camargo (1914-1994), who was
car Niemeyer, the museum has a permanent a painter, printmaker and teacher. In addition
acervo maria bonomi

exhibition on the life and work of the Brazi- to the permanent exhibitions, the institution
lian architect, with photographs, models and promotes various programs such as Bolsa
drawings. Every two years the museum hosts Iber Camargo, which awards grants to young SO PAULOS EPIC PANEL,
BY MARIA BONOMI
the Bienal de Curitiba. artists to live abroad.
62 BRAzIL 63

Ismael Nery (1900-1934) Anita Malfatti, Mrio de Andrade, Menotti del


Born in Belm, capital of the State of Par, Is- Picchia and Oswald de Andrade, which culmi-
mael Nery went to live in Rio de Janeiro. After nated in the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of
a season studying in Paris, he began working Modern Art). She created canvases with strong
as a designer. He became known for applying colors in the modernist style, such as Abaporu
his own principles in the production of Essen- (1928) - currently the most valuable Brazilian
tialism, a philosophical system that he created canvas in the world - which inspired the Antro-
Tinta acrlica sobre papel sobre Eucatex 66,0 x 46,0 cm/foto rodrigo benavides

based on the abstraction of time and space pofagia movement, a form of artistic expression
and preservation of the essential elements of created by Oswald de Andrade and Raul Bopp.
existence. In 1927, after time with other art-
ists, the surrealist phase of his work began. Af- Lasar Segall (1891-1957)
ter contracting tuberculosis in 1930 his work Painter, designer, printmaker and sculptor of
Leonilson, 1957 Fortaleza - 1993 So Paulo/ Sem ttulo 1984

began to reveal his personal drama and the Jewish origin, Lasar Segall was born in Vilna,
fragility of the body. Lithuania in 1891. After passing through sev-
eral Germany cities, he fixed residence in Brazil
Alfredo Volpi (1896-1988) in 1923, where he developed friendships with
Born in Lucca (Italy), Alfredo Volpi moved artists from the modern art movement. His
to Brazil a year later. Before becoming in- work was initially linked to impressionism,
volved with the arts he worked as a carpen-
ter, carver and book-binder. In the 1930s,
alongside names such as Mario Zanini and

acervo lygia clark


Rebolo Francisco, he was part of the modern-
ist movement. His style is marked by traits
ranging from the figurative to the abstract,
with dominant colors and shapes. The canvas
STAIRS, BY LYGIA CLARK
UNTITLED, BY LEONILSON Fachada das Bandeiras Brancas - Facade of
White Flags (1950) is an example of his work.
Malagoli, among others, he created the Ncleo He died in So Paulo in the year 1988. but was heavily influenced by expressionism.
Bernardelli in 1931 - an independent group of art- Among his principal works are Aldeia Russa -
ists installed in the ENBA basement. He studied Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976) Russian Village (1912), Menino com Lagartixa
in the U.S.A., lived in Paris, and had contact with Emiliano Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque e - Boy with Lizard (1924), and Navio de Emi-
various artists. In the 1950s he developed works Melo, better known as Di Cavalcanti, was born grantes - Emigrant Ship (1939-1941), among
with a constructivist style with the paintings Em in Rio de Janeiro. He moved to So Paulo in others. He died in So Paulo in 1957. His house,
Vermelho - In Red (several versions between 1917, where he attended law school and lived located in the district of Vila Mariana, is home
1957and 1958), Em Branco - In White (1959), and with artists and intellectuals such as Oswald to the Museu Lasar Segall.
Composition - Composition (1958-1959). and Mrio de Andrade. He was one of the cre-
ators of the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Lygia Clark (1920-1998)
Leonilson (1957-1993) Modern Art) in 1922, and exhibited 12 works. A painter and sculptor, Lygia Clark gave her
The painter, designer and sculptor Jos Leonil- Many of his works portrayed social and nation- first exhibition and discovered the possibilities
son was part of the so-called Generation 80, alist themes, examples include Samba (1925), of three-dimensional art in Paris. Her sculp-
but it was in the 1990s that his name came to Cinco Moas de Guaratinguet - Five Girls tures are made such that the viewer has sev-
prominence. He died young, in 1993, however from Guaratinguet (1930), and Mulheres Pro- eral possibilities of sensory perception. Her se-
Leonilson left a work that expresses the drama testando - Women Protesting (1941). ries Bichos - Animals - was produced in 1960:
and anguish of modern man, in a subjective sculptures made of aluminum with hinges
acervo lasar segall

and intense form. His exhibition Anotaes de Tarsila do Amaral (1886-1973) that can be manipulated by the viewer. In 1968
Viagem - Travel Notes (1989), brings elements Tarsila do Amaral began her career as a painter Lygia presented A Casa o Corpo - The House
of needlework, one of his trademarks. In 1991 after living and studying in Barcelona. After and the Body - at the Museu de Arte Moderna
Leonilson discovers that he carried the HIV vi- spending time in Paris, she returned to Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, a work of eight meters in
rus and the theme began to dominate his work. and formed the Group of Five in 1922, with BOY WITH LIZZARD, BY LASAR SEGALL length that allowed people to pass inside.
64 BRAzIL 65

Hlio Oiticica (1937-1980) VALENTINE,


BY VIC MUNIZ
A performing artist, painter and sculptor, Hlio
Oiticica began studying painting and drawing
in 1954. From 1959 he broke with painting and
sculpture and departed for what he called a
state of invention. During this phase his bi-di-
mensional works were replaced by kaleidoscopic
designs, covers, banners, tents and walk-ins. One
of his most important works are the Parangols,
a species of cover made to be worn, with colored
cloths that are only revealed when in movement.

Gustavo Pandolfo and Otvio Pandolfo


(1974)
The work of the brothers Gustavo and Otvio
Pandolfo was born on the walls of So Paulo in
the 1980s. From street graffiti to the canvases
and walls of galleries and museums, their yel-
low characters and fine lines entered the in-
acervo VIK MUNIZ

ternational art scene in the late 1990s. Their

acervo vik muniz


first solo exhibition took place at the Luggage
Store Gallery, San Francisco, USA, in 2003. In
2005 their works were displayed at the Deitch
ZEBRA, AFTER GEORGE STUBBS, BY VIK MUNIZ
Projects gallery in New York and established
their place in the contemporary art market. A using materials such as sugar, chocolate or dust.
Candido Portinari (1903-1962) Adriana Varejo constant partner of the two brothers is Nina In one of his first series to achieve recognition,
Advocate of modern art and a 100% national One of the principal names in contemporary art, Pandolfo, with her characteristic graffiti of girls the artist photographed images of children made
painter, illustrator, writer and teacher, Candido was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1964, where she with huge expressive eyes. You can find the of sugar. His recreation of Leonardo da Vincis
Portinari liked to express human tragedies and lives and works up to the present day. Her works twins graffiti on the streets of So Paulo. Mona Lisa was made with peanut butter and jel-
suffering in his work. His works are famous for are characterized by bringing together her inspi- ly. In the series Retratos de Revistas - Magazine
portraying the drama of Brazilians in their most rations with those of the Brazilian colonial pe- Tunga (1952) Pictures (2003), Muniz recreated portraits of Bra-
natural form. The paintings O Mestio e Lavrador riod. Her mind has created works that include Born in Palmares in the State of Pernambuco in zilian personalities with small magazine cuttings
de Caf - The Coffee Plantation Worker (1934), and painting, sculpture and even architecture, how- 1952, Tunga creates sculptures, performances, then later photographed and amplified the result.
the giant murals Guerra e Paz - War and Peace ever works in ceramic tiles are her trademark. In design, poetry, films and other works. His work
(1953-1956) are among his most famous works. total the artist has more than 70 exhibitions in In the Luz de Dois Mundos - Under the Light Cildo Meireles (1948)
The artist was born in Brodsqui (State of So Brazil and abroad in her curriculum. of Two Worlds - is displayed in the pyramid of The multimedia artist Cildo Meirelles began his
Paulo) in 1903 and died in Rio de Janeiro in 1962. the Louvre Museum in Paris. True Rouge is on art studies in 1963 in Brasilia under the guidance
Beatriz Milhazes public display in Inhotim, a work that is the re- of the Peruvian painter and sculptor Barrene-
Victor Brecheret (1894-1955) The most visually striking feature in the work of sult of naked actors interacting with recipients chea (1921). In 1967 he moved to Rio de Janeiro to
The Italian-Brazilian sculptor Victor Brecheret Beatriz Milhazes are the colors. Her paintings are containing a viscous red liquid. Inhotim also attend the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (Enba).
was one of the icons of Brazilian sculpture, re- notable for their ornamentation and references displays Palndromo Incesto - Palindrome In- He is one of the founders of the Experimental
sponsible for introducing modernism to national to Baroque and art deco styles. In the early 1980s, cest, constructed from copper wire and plates, Unit of the Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Ja-
art. Based in So Paulo, Brecheret specialized in she studied painting at the Escola de Artes Visuais magnets and iron filings. neiro (MAM). Among his principal works are Ti-
design, modeling and wood carving. His most fa- do Parque Lage and in 1984 participated in the radentes - Totem-monumento ao Preso Poltico
mous work is the Monumento s Bandeiras, a exhibition How Are You, 80s Generation?, which Vik Muniz (1961) - Tiradentes - Totem-Monument to Political Pris-
symbol of the City of So Paulo, as well as several was a milestone for pluralist art in that decade. Vik Muniz has been living and working in New oners (1970), Inseres em Circuitos Ideolgi-
works held by various museums. The artist also However it was in 1990 that she won internation- York since 1983. Much of his work in photography cos - Insertions in Ideological Circuits, Projeto
lived in Paris, where he spent time with names al recognition through her participation in exhibi- is the final presentation of a creation. In some of Coca-Cola - Coca Cola Project (1970) and Quem
such as Pablo Picasso and Tarsila do Amaral. tions in the United States and Europe. his photographs, Muniz reproduces works of art Matou Herzog? - Who Killed Herzog? (1970).
66 BRAzIL 67

ACCOMMODATION National Festivals Maracatu


in Recife
With a little less than two years to go to the The incredible diversity of Brazilian culture
World Cup, Brazil has invested in infrastructure has led to the celebration of a series of regional
such as hotels, subways, highways and airports festivals. Some of them have broken State and
in order to welcome visitors coming to watch City frontiers and are now celebrated through-
this major sporting event. out the country:
The quality of Brazil accommodation has Holy Week: When the Christian Easter is cel-

Rita Barreto/Setur BA
also undergone significant improvement in ebrated throughout the country.
the quest for newer and more comfortable Square dance
during So Joo
rooms for tourists with greater expendable in- Festas Juninas: The festivals take place in Festivals in the
northeast
come. Another key area has been adaptation June (hence the origin of its name). They com-
to meet the needs of the disabled, an increas- memorate the saints Santo Antonio, So Pedro
ingly important issue. and So Joo. The Northeast of Brazil has the
In 2012 the Ministry of Tourism announced a most popular and animated So Joo festivi-
new system for hotel classification, which reg- ties, although the date is celebrated through-
ulates the process and criteria used for star out the country at fairs, schools and parishes.
symbols for urban hotels, resorts, country Traditional dishes are served (punch, pine nuts,
inns, historic hotels, bed and breakfast, farm peanut cookies, popcorn, country-style cakes

Christian Knepper / Embratur


accommodation and apart-hotels across the etc.) and there are traditional quadrille dances
country. Tourists can now count on a single (choreographed steps representing a type of
accommodation classification criteria, valid wedding day dance). A bonfire and games are

Rai reis/Embratur
across the entire country. also part of a traditional Junina festival.
Siriri, typical
dance from
Parintins Folklore Festival: Although it al- the Midwest

ways takes place in the town which gives its


New Classification name to the festival, the dispute between the
Caprichoso cow and the Garantido cow has
Urban Hotel: gained fame and fans throughout the country.
to The festival takes place in last week of June,
when two associations - the Garantido (in red)
Resort: and the Caprichoso (in blue) - compete in an
or arena to see who can best recount the tales and
legends of the Amazon. The contest takes place
Farm Accommodation: in an arena with a capacity for 35,000 specta-
to tors, built especially for the event - the Bumb-
dromo. The Parintins festival has now become a
Country Inn: feature of Brazil, and has begun to be sought by
to tourists from other countries who want to learn
more about the Amazon and its traditions.
Bed and breakfast:
to New Year: This is one of Brazils principal fes-
tivals. Crowds fill the beaches and larger cities
Historic Hotel: such as So Paulo and Rio de Janeiro put on out-
to door parties for those who want to celebrate the
start of a new year. New Years Eve in Rio has one
AF Rodrigues/Riotur

Apart-hotel: of the largest fireworks displays in the world. It


to takes place on the seafront and brings millions Baianas during
samba school
of people to the beaches. Dressing in white is parades in Rio
de Janeiro
popular for New Year celebrations in Brazil.
68 BRAzIL 69

Float parades by
Marqus de Sapucai
with Apoteose square
in the background

Passarinho/Prefeitura de Olinda
AF Rodrigues/Riotur
Meeting of giant
puppets at the
Carnival of Olinda

Brazilian Carnaval
Carnaval is the best know festival in Brazil: for the lo- ity samba, creativity, dance and an event the likes of Pernambuco and Frevo are the third major force in
cal population, Carnaval is synonymous with happi- which is not seen anywhere else in the world. Brazilian Carnaval. The festivities in Olinda and Re-
ness, fun, dancing and music, and the country literally Rio residents (cariocas) love samba and Carnaval. cife last for at least a week. Thousands of people
stops during the four days that the event is celebrated. This has made the city of Rio de Janeiro famous not dance on the streets to the fast pace of music typical
Like everything in this country of continental just for the samba schools, but also for its street Car- of the region. The narrow streets of Olinda become

Carlos Alcantara
proportions, there is no single way of celebrating naval, with traditional Carnaval groups and crowds crowded with revelers into the early morning, spinning
Carnaval. There is not just one Carnaval, there are celebrating on the streets. In Salvador music and and jumping to the rhythm of Frevo musicians. Street
many Carnavals, all rich in tradition and exuber- dance go on uninterrupted, with the show being pro- blocks and groups that practice throughout the year
ance and demonstrating the culture and character- vided by sound trucks that pass through the streets display the choreography and music created especially
FILHOS DE GANDhi in Pelourinho during Carnaval
istics of each region. The most famous celebrations with crowds of revelers in their wake. for that years Carnaval. The most famous of all is the
are undoubtedly those of Rio de Janeiro and Bahia. The city also has Carnaval groups that are famous Galo da Madrugada, who parade every Saturday during
Pernambuco and the other Northeastern States are throughout the world, such as Olodum and the Filhos Carnaval through the streets of Recife. The parade put
among the places where the event is more popular. de Gandhi, who have their roots in African traditions on by Galo is followed with interest throughout Brazil,

Passarinho/Prefeitura de Olinda
Rio de Janeiro is the principal location in Brazil that continue to be celebrated in Bahia. Each of these as it is a sign that Carnaval has begun in earnest.
for parades by the samba groups, although there are blocks celebrate not only Carnaval, but also a culture However, the festivities take place throughout the
parades in almost every State. There are 25 Esco- that dates back to the times of slavery. country. Far from the Northeast, thousands of peo-
las de Samba (samba schools) between the access Carnaval does not have an ending time in Salvador. ple throng the streets of the centuries-old historical
group and the main league. They monopolize the Early morning take the place of day, when the streets fill towns of Minas Gerais. Street carnaval groups typi-
attention of the country for two days during Car- with revelers who come from all across Brazil and the cal of the region animate party-goers who see in the
naval. Rio works all year to present a show to Brazil globe. Ax music and artists from Bahia live their most sunrise singing samba on the cobble-stone streets of
and other countries that is a mixture of top qual- important moments of the year during the celebrations. the small historic towns. Pernambucos Frevo Dance
70 BRAzIL 71

State Maps Highways and Airports

BR
RORAIMA 174
Boa Vista Boa Vista
Amap
AMAP
Roraima
Macap Macap
BR

174

Belm
BR
316
Belm
Manaus So Lus
Manaus
So Lus Fortaleza
BR
230 Fortaleza
Teresina
Amazonas Par Rio Grande AMAZONAS BR
PAR RIO GRANDE
Maranho Cear do Norte
319
CEAR
BR
304 DO NORTE
BR
Natal
Natal MARANHO 020

Teresina BR
PARABA Joo Pessoa
Paraba Joo Pessoa
BR
PIAU
230
BR 232
364

Piau
BR
Porto Velho BR
230
PERNAMBUCO BRRecife
Pernambuco Recife ACRE BR 226

Acre
163 101
Porto Palmas BR ALAGOAS
Palmas Alagoas Rio Branco Macei
020

Rio Branco Velho TOCANTINS SERGIPE


Sergipe Macei RONDNIA BR
116 Aracaju
Rondnia Aracaju
Tocantins
BR
242
MATO BAHIA Salvador
Bahia
BR
070
GROSSO GOIS BR

Mato Grosso Salvador


020

Cuiab BR
070

Braslia - DF Braslia
Cuiab BR
101

MINAS
BR
116

Gois
BR

Goinia GERAIS
163 BR
135

MATO GROSSO BR

Goinia
364
Belo ESPRITO SANTO
DO SUL
Campo Horizonte
Minas Gerais
BR
262

Campo Grande Esprito Santo Grande Vitria



BR

Vitria 267

SO PAULO
Belo RIO DE JANEIRO
Mato Grosso
Horizonte
do Sul So Paulo Rio de janeiro
Rio de Janeiro So
PARAN Paulo
So Rio de Janeiro
BR
277 Curitiba
Paran Paulo
SANTA
Curitiba CATARINA Florianpolis
BR BR
285 116

Santa Catarina RIO GRANDE BR


101

DO SUL
Florianpolis Porto Alegre
Rio Grande
do Sul P orto
Alegre BR
471

Captions
Airport
BR
Highways
Pathways
72 BRAzIL 73

DISTANCES
Table of distances between the main Brazilian cities
The distance between two cities is measured center to center,
the paths are shorter by paved roads

Belo Campo Joo Porto Porto Rio de So


Aracaju Belm Boa Vista Braslia Cuiab Curitiba Florianpolis Fortaleza Goinia Macei Manaus Natal Palmas Recife Rio Branco Salvador So Lus Teresina Vitria
Horizonte Grande Pessoa Alegre Velho Janeiro Paulo

Aracaju 2079 1578 6000 1652 2765 2775 2595 2892 1183 1848 611 294 5215 788 1662 3296 4230 501 4763 1855 356 1578 2187 1142 1408

Belm 2079 2824 6083 2120 2942 2941 3193 3500 1610 2017 2161 2173 5298 2108 1283 3852 4397 2074 4931 3250 2100 806 2933 947 3108
Belo
1578 2824 4736 716 1453 1594 1004 1301 2528 906 2171 1854 3951 2348 1690 1712 3050 2061 3584 434 1372 2738 586 2302 524
Horizonte
Boa Vista 6000 6083 4736 4275 4665 3836 5355 3142 4821 5678 5128 6548 4076 6593 4958 4978 4445 6279 785 6770 4926 5348 1686 6483 4445

Braslia 1650 2140 741 4275 1134 1133 1366 1673 2200 209 2245 1930 3490 2422 973 2027 2589 2135 3123 1148 1446 2157 1015 1789 1239
Campo
2764 2942 1453 3836 1134 694 991 1298 3407 935 3357 3040 3051 3534 1785 1518 2150 3247 2684 1444 2568 2979 1014 2911 1892
Grande
Cuiab 2773 2941 1594 3142 1133 694 1679 1986 3406 934 3366 3049 2357 3543 1784 2206 1456 3255 1990 2017 2566 2978 1614 2910 2119

Curitiba 2595 3193 1004 4821 1366 991 1679 300 3541 1186 3188 2871 4036 3365 2036 711 3135 3078 3669 852 2385 3230 408 3143 1300

Florianpolis 2892 3500 1301 5128 1673 1298 1986 300 3838 1493 3485 3168 4443 3662 2336 476 3442 3375 3976 1144 2682 3537 705 3450 1597

Fortaleza 1183 1611 2528 6548 2208 3407 3406 3541 3838 2482 688 1075 5763 537 2035 4242 4862 800 5396 2805 1389 1070 3127 634 2397

Goinia 1849 2017 906 4076 209 935 934 1186 1493 2482 2442 2125 3291 2618 874 1847 2390 2332 2924 1338 1643 2054 926 1986 1428

Joo Pessoa 611 2161 2171 6539 2245 3357 3366 3188 3485 688 2442 395 5808 185 2253 3889 4822 120 5356 2448 949 1660 2770 1224 2001

Macei 294 2173 1854 6276 1928 3040 3049 2871 3168 1075 2105 395 5491 572 1851 3572 4505 285 5039 2131 632 1672 2453 1236 1684

Manaus 5215 5298 3951 785 3490 3051 2357 4036 4343 5763 3291 5808 5491 5985 4141 4563 901 5698 1445 4374 5009 5335 3971 5267 4476

Natal 788 2108 2348 6770 2422 3537 3543 3365 3662 537 2619 185 572 5985 2345 4066 4998 297 5533 2625 1126 1607 2947 1171 2178

Palmas 1662 1283 1690 4958 973 1785 1784 2036 2336 2035 874 2253 1851 4141 2345 2747 3240 2058 3764 2124 1454 1386 1776 1401 2214

Porto Alegre 3296 3854 1712 5348 2027 1518 2206 711 476 4242 1847 3889 3572 4563 4066 2747 3662 3779 4196 1553 3090 3891 1109 3804 2001

Porto Velho 4229 4397 3050 1686 2589 2150 1456 3135 3442 4865 2390 4822 4505 901 4999 3240 3662 4712 544 3473 4023 4434 3070 4366 3575

Recife 501 2074 2061 6483 2135 3247 3256 3078 3375 800 2332 120 285 5698 297 2058 3779 4712 5243 2338 839 1573 2660 1137 1891

Rio Branco 4763 4931 3584 2230 3123 2684 1990 3669 3976 5396 2924 5356 5039 1445 5533 3764 4196 544 5243 4007 4457 4968 3604 4900 4109
Rio de
1855 3250 434 5159 1148 1444 2017 852 1144 2805 1338 2448 2131 4374 2625 2124 1553 3473 2338 4007 1649 3015 429 2579 521
Janeiro
Salvador 356 2100 1372 5749 1446 2568 2567 2385 2682 1389 1643 949 632 5009 1126 1454 3090 4023 839 4457 1649 1599 1962 1163 1202

So Lus 1578 806 2738 6120 2157 2979 2978 3230 3537 1070 2054 1660 1672 5335 1607 1386 3891 4434 1573 4968 3015 1599 2970 446 2607

So Paulo 2188 2933 586 4756 1015 1014 1614 408 705 3127 926 2770 2453 3971 2947 1776 1109 3070 2660 3604 429 1962 2970 2792 882

Teresina 1142 947 2302 6052 1789 2911 2910 3143 3450 634 1986 1224 1236 5267 1171 1401 3804 4366 3503 4900 2579 1163 446 2792 2171

Vitria 1408 3108 524 5261 1238 1892 2119 1300 1597 2397 1428 2001 1684 4476 2178 2214 2001 3575 1216 4109 521 1202 2607 882 2171
75

Marco/SECOM - AC
acre

Recently renovated house


on rua da gameleira
76 acre 77

AMAZONAS

Acre
Cruzeiro
do Sul

U
p to the beginning of the 20 century the
th BR
364

area that today makes up Acre belonged international airport

to Bolivia and Peru. The high demand National airport


for latex, which is found in abundance in the national highways
Amazon, signified that in the late 18th century BR
307
State Highways
the region was dominated by a large number of
Brazilians working on rubber plantations. BR
364
The ever increasing influx of Brazilians onto
Bolivian soil led to Bolivia demanding payment BR
409
of taxes for the extraction of latex on its terri-
tory. The decision sparked an uproar between
Marechal
Brazil and Bolivia. The signing of the Treaty of taumaturgo
Petrpolis in 1903 ended the conflict - known BR
as the Acre Revolution - and agreement was 364

reached on the sale of Acre to Brazil. Issues re- Santa Rosa Rio
lating to the border with Peru were only fully Branco
BR
317
resolved in 1912. From that date Acre became
a part of Brazilian territory. In 1962 it was el- BR
364
RIO BRANCO
evated to the position of a State.
Acre currently employs an economic model
that encourages commercialization of certi- BR
317
fied timber, and includes preservation of the Xapuri
traditions of indigenous peoples - actions that
BR
have begun to create conditions for rational PERu 317

growth in the region.


Assis brasilia
Brasil

Geographic information

hot and humid (equatorial amazon)


Bolivia
between 25 C and 40 C (77 F and 104 F)
open forest (low alluvial plateaus)
78 acre 79

terceira Ponte Aerial view Facade of the


over Rio Acre of the City Government Palace in
of Rio Branco the city of Rio Branco

Srgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre

Srgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre


One of the rivers There is a museum at the site with exhibits re-
crossin PARQUE NACIONAL
DA SERRA DO DIVISOR lated to the acquisition of Acre by Brazil, and
an exhibition of historic photographs of the Au-
tonomist Movement (responsible for the eman-
cipation of the State). It also houses the tomb
of Jos Guiomard dos Santos (leader of the Au-
tonomist movement) and his wife Ldia Hames.

Srgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre


The Theater Cafe and Hlio Melo Theater are
also part of the complex.

MUSEU DA BORRACHA
Avenida Cear, 1.441 - Centro. Tuesday to Fri-
day from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturdays from 4 pm to 8 pm.
no charge.

Marco/SECOM - AC
In the heart of the Amazon, the capital of Acre The Museu da Borracha was created in the
lies on the banks of the Acre River, which divides 1970s as part of the celebration of one hundred
the city into two parts: the First and Second dis- years of immigration from the Northeast to the
tricts. Rio Branco, as with other State capitals in region. Is has a collection of manuscripts and
the region, has its origins directly linked to rub- documents related to the history of the State, in
RIO BRANCO comfortable clothing is suggested. The use of a hat or ber plantations. The city was founded in 1882 at addition to Archeological, Paleontological and
336.038 inhabitants 8,835.675 km 68 110 V cap is also recommended. the side of the Volta da Empresa rubber plan- Historical exhibits.
tation on the right bank of the River Acre. It has
Local holidays Accommodation now reinvented itself and is seeking a new eco-
June 15: Anniversary of the Founding of the State of Acre Rio Branco possesses accommodation infra-structure nomic model, based mainly on sustainability. In
September 5: Amazon Day suitable for receiving tourists. There are several op- addition to investing in services, Rio Branco pro-
November 17: Treaty of Petrpolis tions of three, four and five-star category hotels, in duces a significant quantity of certified timber,
December 28: Anniversary of the Founding of Rio Branco addition to a few inns and hostels. grown through sustainable management.

Vaccination Transport

SECOM - AC/divulgao
A yellow fever vaccination is required at least 10 days The capital is connected with Brazils principal cities MEMORIAL DOS AUTONOMISTAS
before departure. via the BR-364 highway. There are also interstate and Avenida Getlio Vargas, 309 - Centro. Tuesday to
intercity bus lines arriving and leaving the city daily. Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Sat-
Clothing Rio Branco airport receives both domestic and inter- urdays and Sundays from 4 pm to 8 pm. no charge
Because of high temperatures, the use of light and national flights. for visits. Events upon request. museu da borracha
80 acre 81

Chico Mendes Rubber Plantation Tour


Memorial Center
47 km from the center of Xapuri, via dirt roads and
trails. Groups: if you prefer to make a visit in the com-
pany of a guide, contact one of the travel agencies in
town. The country lodge located on the plantation also
offers guided tours, with prices that vary according to
the size of the group.

It is possible to visit the rubber plantations in Xa-

SECOM - AC/divulgao
puri to see latex being produced (the raw mate-

Sergio Vale/SECOM - AC
rial for rubber). The best known is the Cachoeira
Plantation, home of the Chico Mendes Small-
holding. Here you will find trails into the Amazon
Forest, crossing river tributaries and streams. Latex extraction

XAPURI
16.091 inhabitants 5,347.283 km2
68 110 V 150 meters

Xapuri entered into the annals of Brazilian history


as a symbol of the struggle for the environment
and the rights of small-scale subsistence growers
in their struggle against destruction of the forests
by large-scale farmers. The small town became
known worldwide after death of the latex collec-
Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

tor and environmentalist leader, Chico Mendes.


He was also one of the founders of the Aliana dos The fight for the rights
Povos da Floresta (Forest Peoples Alliance), one of of forest people
the most important movements acting in defense
of the Amazon. The historic town center, with The activist Chico Mendes was involved in the
its townhouses and residential and commercial struggle to preserve the Amazon rain forest
Tacac - a typical Acre dish of Indian origin
properties on the central avenue on the banks of and was one of the creators of the current sus-
the River Acre, has recently undergone a restora- tainable use Conservation Areas, which help
Flavors of the North tion that seeks to recover the towns past identity. to ensure the preservation of natural resources
Acres unique colonization is reflected in its and continued economic activity in the re-
cooking. There are strong influences from the gion. Dissatisfied with the living conditions
original owners of the land - native Indians, in the Footsteps of Chico Mendes of latex plantation workers and the system-
from Bolivians - who occupied the region before Taking the walk during business hours is recom- atic destruction of natural forests, his struggle
it became part of Brazil, from North-Eastern mended (from 10 am to 6 pm) to take advantage of the drew attention from around the world and the
Brazilians and Syrian-Lebanese - who arrived in shops. to be agreed with local guides. activist was praised by international organi-
the region at the hieght of the rubber industry. Agencia de Noticias do Acre /divulgao zations and governments. In 1987, on World
Among the most popular dishes are tucupi style The trail starts on Rua do Comrcio, where it is Environment Day (June 5), Chico Mendes was
duck and tacac - both of Indian origin and also possible to take a little time to eat, drink or even honored by the United Nations. Two years
very common in other Northern states, saltenhas make a small purchase of artifacts produced by later he was to be murdered in his backyard by
- a type of Bolivian pastry, sun-dried beef with local artisans, such as natural jewelry, marque- ranchers who were opposed to his fight.
spicy rice an beans - typical of the Northeast, try, or articles made from seeds. Nearby is the
and Arabic dishes such as stuffed vine leaves and Museu Xapuri, some 5w meters from the cem-
kibe (made with rice and sweet cassava). etery where Chico Mendes is buried. The route Tapper extracting latex

can also include a walk along the river bank.


83

Ponta Verde
Lighthouse,
in Macei

ALAGOAS
Benicio Monte/Embratur
84 ALAGOAS 85

Alagoas
W
hen you think of beautiful swathes
of white sand punctuated by palm
trees and refreshed by a sea breeze,
one of the 230 km of beaches on the coast of
Alagoas is the closest you will come to that im-
age. The State offers a coastline of blue seas
and lagoons that can be visited throughout the
year. The largest producer of coconuts in Bra-
zil, the State has breathtaking landscapes, a
cuisine specializing in seafood, and one of the
countrys richest folklores. pernambuco

Alagoas was part of the State of Pernambuco


up to the 17th century. It was invaded by the
Dutch and was the site of conflicts between
AL-105
Portugal and other aggressors who fought for
ownership of the land. After the expulsion
of these invaders, Alagoas then became one BR AL-110
BR
101
of the regions most affected by the rebellion 316 maragogi

of slaves brought from Africa. In addition to BR


423 AL-105
African influences, other cultures have a left AL-110
AL-205 AL-205
AL-101
Alagoas with a rich cultural heritage. One ex- AL-145
BR
AL-428
104
AL-435
ample is the local crafts, famous for renda-
AL-205 AL-130 so miguel dos milagres
fil - a type of embroidery originally from BR
BR
423
AL-210
Portugal. Intricate work in braided straw, an 110
BR
316
Indian heritage, appears in the baskets and AL-140

other objects that delight visitors. AL-120 AL-101

AL-220
AL-215 Praia da Sereia
manduca
AL-125 leo Zumbi dos Praia de Ipioca
AL-120 palmares
BR
316

Geographic information AL-130


AL-220
BR
424 macei
AL-220
AL-215
AL-225 Praia de Cruz das Almas
tropical, hot and humid
Praia do Pontal da Barra / Trapiche / Praia do Sobral
average of 25 oC (77 oF) AL-125

herbaceous and shrubbery, with remnants AL-220


AL-120
of atlantic forest BR
101
AL-415
AL-487 AL-102 AL-101

BR AL-120
101

Praia do Francs

international airport
AL-101
NATIONAL airport

sergipe national highways

State Highways
86 ALAGOAS 87

Houses on Rua S and Catedral Metropolitana


Rua Albuquerque in Macei
Praa Dom Pedro II - Centro. Monday to Satur-
day at 6 pm. Sundays at 5 pm and 7:30 pm

Known as the Parquia de Nossa Senhora dos


Prazeres (the patron saint of the city), this is the
most important church in the State. It was built
in 1859 with a predominance of neoclassical
style, highlighted by its imposing stairway. The
church has two smaller altars, in addition to the
principal altar, which are dedicated to So Se-
bastio and So Miguel, as well as the Capela do
Sagrado Sacramento.

PALCIO Floriano Peixoto


Praa Marechal Floriano Peixoto, 517 - Centro.

Benicio Monte/Embratur
Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, from 8 am to 5 pm.
Wednesday from 8 am to 9 pm. Saturdays, Sundays
and public holidays, from 1 pm to 5 pm. no charge

Seat of the Government of the State of Alagoas,

BENICIO MONTE/embratur
the buildings house the Museu Palcio Floriano
Peixoto (MUPA). The collection consists of fur-
MACEI Within the city niture from the 19th and 20th centuries, silver-
932,748 inhabitants 503,069 km 82 220 V Macei has 93 urban bus lines and 648 buses in cir- ware, glassware, decorative objects, and works The culture
of Alagoas
culation. The City also has three integrated transport by painters from Alagoas. has rich roots

Local holidays points, where passengers can change vehicle without


June 24: So Joos day having to pay an additional fare.
June 29: So Pedros day Rich Folklore
August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres day Green and turquoise waters, natural lagoons The culture of Alagoas is formed by a rich mix-
September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas and coral reefs enchant tourists who come to ture of sounds, colors and dances. The State is
December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceios day any of Maceis beaches. In addition to enjoying renowned for the festivals and folklore events
the beauty of its white sands and calm seas, it that take place throughout the year. Among the
Clothing is possible to take a trip on a raft or traditional principal festivals is Guerreiro, a 100% Alagoan
The visitor should pack lightweight clothes and canoe, take a relaxing walk along the waters celebration that blends elements from several
shoes. A hat or cap and shorts are essential to move edge and later enjoy the delicacies served by other popular festivals and takes place on the
around the city comfortably. restaurants and kiosks on the seafront. streets, with music, song and dance. Another
Macei grew out of a fishing village in 1609, event, the Tor dos Indios, has existed since the
Accommodation and was originally founded to reduce traffick- 18th century and is still practiced in its original
Tourists who come to Macei will find an excellent ing of Pau-Brasil wood by the French. However, form. During Bumba Meu Boi, animal costumes
choice of hotels, inns and resorts in the City. There are real growth came with the emancipation of are used in dances in the streets, accompanied
options at all levels, from simple inns to five star hotels, the province of Alagoas in 1817. The City be- by typical regional music. With its origins in
BENICIO MONTE/embratur

spread out along the districts bordering the shoreline. came the State Capital and went on to be the medieval tournaments, the Cavalhada mixes a
base for commerce between other Northeast- procession with a tournament involving twelve
Transport ern States and the rest of the country, through knights. In the dramatic Fandango, nautical
Road access to Macei is via the BR-101 and BR-104 the port of Jaragu. Several museums and songs telling of great voyages are the mainstay -
highways. The city also has air connections with several buildings recall a little of history of the City many of them originating from Portugal.
other cities in Brazil. The airport is 25 km from the center. and are worth visiting. museu Palcio Floriano Peixoto
88 ALAGOAS 89

PRAIA DE PAJUARA praia da ipioca Praia do Francs Transport


Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is only Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is From Macei, tourists should drive via state high-
3 km from the center of Macei 20 km from the center of Macei, in the Municipality way AL-101 North. Vehicles can be rented at the
of Marechal Deodoro airport in Macei.
Jangadas (typical handmade rafts constructed
from wood, often used for fishing and pleasure This Alagoan beach is considered to be one of Maragogi is a popular destination in Alagoas
rides in the Northeast of Brazil) await visitors the most beautiful in the country. The shal- thanks to the beauty and tranquility of its

Sara Andrea Vera


for rides out to the natural pools that lie around lows are protected by a reef wall, which pro- beaches. Tourism is the principal activity, which
2 km from the shore (prices can be agreed at vides for calm and crystalline waters, ideal for has led the town to developing without losing
the time). During low tide the main attraction swimming and diving. The beach also has one its original character and traditions, such as
- especially among younger ones - is to observe stretch open to the ocean, with waves that are fishing and the manufacture of Bolinhos de
the various species of colorful fish in the crystal ideal for surfing. Goma, a type of cookie well known to tourists
clear waters. At the tip of the bay, also known PRAIA CRUZ DAS ALMAS and residents. The town originated as a village
as the Praia dos Sete Coqueiros - Seven Coconut From the center of Macei take state highway known as Gamela; the name was changed to
Palm Beach - visitors can shop at the craft fair AL-101 North maragogi Isabel in 1887 to honor the Princess who freed
and enjoy several bars and restaurants. 28,749 inhabitants 334,042 km 82 220 V black slaves. Five years later, it received its cur-
This beach, with its strong waves, is a favorite rent name, inherited from the river that cuts
destination for surfers. The site was previously Local holidays through the region.
Praia da Sereia a cemetery, which is where the name Cruz das June 24: So Joos day
From the center of Macei take state highway Almas - Souls Cross - came from. However June 29: So Pedros day
AL-101 North. The beach is 16 km from Macei these days it is also known as Lagoa da Anta August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres day PRAIA CENTRAL
beach. It has good facilities for visitors. September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas To get to Maragogi take state highway AL-101 North
A statue of Yemanja (the queen of the sea, a pop- December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceios day
ular deity of African-Brazilian religions) that sits This urbanized beach is the busiest in the city,
between the reefs gives the beach its name. The PRAIA DE IPIOCA Accommodation and is part of the Costa dos Corais (Coral Coast)
tribute to Yemanja derives from a legend told by Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is Those who visit Maragogi can experiment lodging in Environmental Protection Area. Fine sand,
fishermen. They claimed to have heard a mer- 24 km from Macei a fishermans cottage - these are available for rent clear water and few waves make it suitable for
maid sing a beautiful melody when they were by the season, subject to advance booking. There are families and groups. Vessels depart from the
fishing at the site. With its calm and clear waters, The beach is located at the village of the same also several inns available to accommodate visitors, beach to Gals - coral formations that lie six
the beach is ideal for families and for those who name. Clear water, almost no waves, banks of from simple to sophisticate. km from the shore.
want to relax and swim in the natural pools. soft white sand and natural pools make it ideal
for diving and swimming. Children can play in
Catamarans take tourists to
the shallower waters without risk. The location the natural pools in Maceio
Pontal da Barra
also has a viewpoint with an even better view of
the beautiful landscape, especially at sunset. It
has several bars and restaurants.

Praia do Pontal da Barra/


Trapiche/ Praias do Sobral
4 km from Macei, via state highway AL-101 North

These beaches, which are open to the ocean,


Luis Eduardo Vaz/Embratur

Fabio Pastorello/Embratur
are not suitable for bathing. However the lo-
cation is perfect for those who enjoy surfing,
windsurfing and other radical sports. These
stretches of beach are also frequented by am-
ateur soccer players and fishermen, especially
at Pontal da Barra.
90 ALAGOAS 91

PRAIA DE JAPARATINGA PRAIA DE BUGALHAU Accommodation walking or bike-riding on the white sands, while
Take state highway AL-101 North from Maragogi. Departing from the center of Maragogi, take state The small town has few inns, although some houses enjoying the beauty of the landscape. It has min-
Jarapatinga is 10 km from Maragogi highway AL-101 North can be rented in whole or in part by visitors. Most imal facilities for visitors, with just a few kiosks.
options are very simple.
The setting for this beach is formed by palm One of the most beautiful beaches in the region,
trees, warm waters and reefs that provide natu- it has fine, firm sand, white coral reefs and natu- Clothing Porto das Pedras
ral pools that are safe for children and suitable ral swimming pools with clear water. Children Light clothing and shoes, as well as a hat, and plenty On foot, from Praia da Rua, about 15 minutes walk
for diving. Japaratinga includes the Barreiras do can play in the shallower water, where there of sunscreen for tourist activities.
Boqueiro beach - with springs where you can are no large waves. The Rio dos Paus mangrove Located between the sea and a rocky outcrop, the
bathe in fresh water, and Bitigui beach - which swamp is close by the beach. Tourist facilities Transport location includes Tatuamunha beach - little fre-
offers diving and raft trips to pools further away include inns, restaurants and stalls with aw- One of the major State highways, AL-101, provides quented by tourists, and Patacho beach - almost
from the shore. Despite having more rustic fa- nings and hammocks for a well deserved rest. access to So Miguels dos Milagres. Since there is deserted, with natural pools that are ideal for div-
cilities, since it was once a fishing colony, it of- no bus terminal or regular bus lines to the town, the ing. The port also has a lighthouse at the top of
fers good tourist infrastructure, with hotels and best idea is to take a minibus from Macei termi- the hill, which provides a panoramic view of the
restaurants on the seafront. SO MIGUEL DOS MILAGRES nal, or rent a car. entire region. It can be reached by a short walk.
7,163 inhabitants 76,744 km 82 220 V
Comprised of villages bordering little-visited
PRAIA DA PEROBA Local holidays beaches, So Miguel dos Milagres maintains its
Take state highway AL-101 North from the center May 31: Nossa Senhora Me do Povos day calm atmosphere despite receiving many tourists
of Maragogi. Peroba is 230 km from Maragogi June 7: Political emancipation of the town who come to the region in search of waves, div-
June 24: So Joos day ing or just to rest. It is one of the oldest towns in
Almost on the border with the State of Per- June 29: So Pedros day Alagoas, having existed since the Dutch invasion
nambuco, this beach is an invitation to relax, August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres day in the 17th century. The name comes from a piece

Benicio Monte/Embratur
even for families with small children. Its clear September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas of wood found on the beach by a fisherman, who
waters are suitable for swimming, and its set- December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceios day discovered a few days later that the object was ac-
ting fringed by coconut palms provides an un- tually an image of So Miguel. The man, who suf-
spoiled atmosphere. With few visitors, Peroba fered from health problems, was instantly healed.
Beach at So
has less tourist facilities, but even so it retains Miguel dos Word spread, and the town became known as So
Milagres
its charm. Small inns are available to accom- Miguel dos Milagres (St. Miguel of the Miracles). Octopus rice, one of the regions typical dishes

modate tourists, and they help maintain the


simplicity of this beautiful beach. Flavors that entice
PRAIA DE PORTO DA RUA Rich in fish and seafood, Alagoas cuisine has a
On foot, from Praia do Centro, about 20 minutes walk secret ingredient that brings something special to
PRAIA E VILA DE SO BENTO its dishes: coconut milk. On the coast, the Sururu
Take state highway AL-101 North from the center With restaurants in the village specializing in lo- de Capote (muscles farmed from lakes and cooked
of Maragogi cally caught seafood, the beach provides a har- in the shell with coconut milk or water and salt)
bor for fishing boats. Natural pools allow various is one of the examples of this rich cuisine. In the
The meeting of the river with the ocean is the species of marine life to be viewed by visitors. towns in the interior of the State, the highlight
biggest attraction at this beach. Picturesque is exotic dishes such as buchada de bode (goats
sand banks are visible at low tide, surrounded intestines), sarapatel (a type of meat stew), jerked
by coconut trees, rocks and the fishing vil- Praia do Toque beef grilled with beans, stewed chicken and chicken
lage of So Bento. Do not forget to sample Leaving Macei, take state highway AL-101 with brown gravy. Be sure to try the delicious des-
the famous bolinhos de goma - a type of North, passing through So Lus do Quitunde and serts produced in a wood oven by Alagoan confec-
Luis Eduardo Vaz/Embratur

cookie made from butter and coconut milk, continuing on to Barra de Camaragibe. So Miguel tioners: p-de-moleque (a sweet made from nuts),
which are produced by the local community. is the next town, around 100 km from Macei corn cakes, cassava and fermented mandioca. An-
The beach is almost deserted and provides other delicacy that must be tried is tapioca. Made
few tourist facilities, but its beautiful setting A beautiful beach surrounded by coconut trees, from a gummy flour, it can have various fillings
makes it a great place for a family outing and crystal waters suitable for diving and swimming, and is a great snack for a day on the beach.
for relaxation. even for small children. It is also an ideal spot for
92 Amap 93

Cndido Neto/EMBRATUR
Amap

Fort at So Jos de Macap


94 Amap 95

Amap
suriname
FRENCH

T
GUIANA
he State of Amap is located in the ex- ATLANTIC
treme north of Brazil, and in common OCEAN
with many other States in the region it BR
156
used to belong to the Spanish crown. With its
privileged location - providing access to the
Atlantic Ocean and from there to the Amazon
River - Amap was the scene of several disputes
AP-260
between the Portuguese, Spanish, French and
AP-260
Dutch. The State passed through a period of
prosperity and growth in the 1940s, when man- BR
156
ganese deposits were discovered in the region.

Geographic information

equatorial AP-330
maximum of 32,6 C and minimum of 20 C
(90,68 F and minimum 68 F)
forests

BR
210

Serra do
BR
navio 210
BR
156
BR
210

AP-110

AP-030 AP-070
BR
210

macap
AP-010
BR
156

Par Par international airport

national highways

State Highways
96 Amap 97

Fort at So Jos de Macap ence both the Spring equinox (March) and the
with TRAPICHE ELIEZER LEVY
in the background Autumn equinox (September), when days and
nights have the same length. The culture is
greatly influenced its historical African ties. The
beat of the drum and the Marabaixo dance (a
dance for pairs with choreography improvised
by the participants, danced throughout several
days and nights in a row without interruption,
usually from Holy Saturday to Easter Sunday)
recalls the suffering of the slaves who helped
to build the city.

COMPLEXO EQUADOR (MARCO ZERO)


No charge.

Cndido Neto/EMBRATUR
This comprises the Marco Zero equator monu-
ment, the Zero (football stadium) and the
Samba stadium, as well as snack bars, an
events hall, craft shops and a tourist assistance

Cndido Neto/EMBRATUR
service. The complex is located 2 km from the
center of Macap. Monument marking the position of the equator

MACAP Transport
398,204 inhabitants 6,408,517 km Macap is the only Brazilian capital city with no
96 110 V road link to other State capitals (it can only be
reached by air or river). The BR-156 and BR-210
Local holidays highways provide access to the interior of the State
February 4: Anniversary of the Founding of Macap of Amap via intercity buses and alternative trans-
March 19: So Joos day portation. The airport in the Amap State Capital Amap Gastronomy
September 13: Creation of Federal Territory has daily flights to several States. The capital can The gastronomy of Amap is directly linked to
October 5: Creation of the State of Amap also be reached via passenger ships traveling along its first inhabitants, the native Indians. Dishes
the Amazon River and its tributaries. The distance prepared with Amazonian products and season-
Vaccination from Belm to Macap is 887 km; a journey of four ings appeal to both local residents and tourists,
Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days and 19 hours by ferry. and include guarijuba - a fish common in the
days before traveling. region, and steamed shrimp with Amap-style
The Capital of Amap is one of the few places in vatap. Other delicacies are very similar to those
Clothing the world where you can be in both the Northern typical of the States of Amazonas and Par, such
Light and comfortable clothing due to the heat. Con- and Southern hemispheres at the same time - as grilled tucunar and manioba (a type of bean
stant use of sunscreen is recommended, as is insect the equator runs through the middle of the city. stew with cassava leaves in place of beans). To
Felipe Gombossy/EMBRATUR

repellent near lakes, rivers and streams. The dispute for the region between the French accompany these delicacies there is always aa,
and Portuguese crowns lasted almost the whole another treasure from the forest. Mixed with
Accommodation of the 19th century, and was only resolved in flour or as a fruit juice, it provides color and fla-
Commensurate with the size of the city, the offer of 1900 when a court in Switzerland ruled that the vor to Amaps regional dishes.
accommodation in the Amap capital is limited, but State of Amap belonged to Brazil. Its position Cream made with aa,
a typical regional fruit
includes three 5-star hotels, inns and forest resorts. of the Equator allows local residents to experi-
98 Amap 99

trapiche ELIEZER LEVY MUSEU DO FORTE DE SO JOS DE MACAP


Avenida Beira Rio, no number - Centro. daily Rua Candido Mendes, no number - Centro.
from 8 am to 10 pm. no charge. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from
2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from 8 am to 12 am and
The old point of arrival and departure in Macap, from 2 pm to 5 pm. Sunday from 12 am to 6 pm.
the pier has an air-conditioned electric tram to
transport tourists along its 500 meter length. It An important monument, the Museu do Forte
also has an ice cream shop and a snack bar at rescues a little of the history of the fortification
one end and a bar and restaurant at the other. built in 1773 to defend the city from invasion.

Rio Macap with


trapiche Eliezer Levy
in the background

Uyara Schimittd/EMBRATUR
One of the rivers that cuts
through the Serra do Navio

Serra do Navio Officially established in 1992, Serra do Navio is


4,380 inhabitants 7,756,102 km 96 110 V one of the newest towns in Brazil. It was pre-
Distance from the State capital: 197 km viously a village built to house workers from
the minerals sector company - Indstria e Co-
Local holidays mrcio de Minrios. The company extracted
March 19: So Joos day manganese; the region was one of the prin-
September 13: Creation of Federal Territory cipal sources of this mineral for several de-
October 5: Creation of the State of Amap cades. When the reserves ran out some of the
local residents decided to remain in the town,
Accommodation which had been self-sufficient at the time of
There are few accommodation options in Serra do mineral extraction.
Navio. There are only three inns and one hotel, all
with very simple rooms.
RIOS CACHAO AND SUCURIJU
Transport No charge for visits. Tours by request in the town
The city is 197 km distant from the capital of Macap.
Cndido Neto/EMBRATUR

Travel between the two takes 2 hours and 45 minutes via The two rivers cut across the town and offer
the BR-156 and then the BR-210. Serra do Navio can the opportunity to take a boat trip passing by
also be reached by railroad from Macap. The journey the riverside communities, with some beautiful
takes around six hours and includes stops in the towns of views. The Cachao River is formed by cold wa-
Santana, Porto Grande and Pedra Branca do Amapari. ter streams, but is perfect for swimming.
101

tpica regin de
amazonia

ribamar o caboclo
A jaguar from Amaznia

AMAZoNAS
102 AMAzonaS 103

venezuela

Amazonas roraima

A
mazonas is the largest state in Brazil,
and one of the most famous places in
the world due to its location amidst BR
the planets largest tropical rainforest - the 210
BR
Amaznia. With over 1.5 million km2, it cov- 210
par
ers an area that is equivalent to the sum of
France, Spain, Sweden and Greece. On the
other hand, it has one of the lowest popula-
tion densities in Brazil: 2.23 inhabitants per
km2 according to data from the Brazilian In- BR
174
colombia
stitute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
The late 19th century marked one of the re-
gions golden moments, with the discovery of
BR
rubber trees and latex. Manaus was the wealth- BR
174
307
iest city in Brazil at that time, and housed el-
parintins
egant buildings such as the Opera House, with AM-010
manaus
its eclectic style and neo-classical and Greco- AM-070

Roman influences.
The State is one of the best preserved in the Tef

country, with protected areas, parks and forest


reserves occupying approximately 98% of their tabatinga
BR
original area. In the last decade issues such as 413

sustainable development and preservation of


the Floresta Amaznica were among the main
political directives of the State, with economic BR
411
incentives for projects that incorporate local BR
319
products, fish farming, agribusiness and rural
BR
production. Today, this concern with the main- PERU BR 230 BR
174
307
tenance of natural resources makes nature
tourism one of the main attractions in Ama-
BR
zonas, with trips by boat and canoe on several 230

of the regions rivers, overnight stays in forest BR


230

lodges and forest hikes. BR


319
BR
Amazonas also has one of the highest rates BR
317 BR
230
319
of indigenous population in Brazil, with 65
different indigenous ethnic groups totaling
about 170,000 people according to the 2010 acre
population Census.
mato grosso
Geographic information RONDNIA

hot and humid (equatorial amazon) international airport


a verage 27 C and a maximum of 38 C (in the shade) NATIONAL airport
(80,6 F and a maximum 100,4 F)
national highways
amazon forest
State Highways
104 AMAzonaS 105

In addition to industry, tourism also drives the


local economy. With a large number of hotels,
Manaus has comfortable and even luxurious
forest lodges, ideal for nature lovers, as well as The Amazon Forest
restaurants that offer dishes based on typical Covering an area of around 4,196,943 km2, the
regional fish, such as tucunar e pirarucu. Amazon Forest is the largest reserve of biodiver-
The City is a perfect destination for ecotour- sity in the world and the largest biome in Brazil,
ism, with its parks and ecological reserves. Tour- occupying almost half (49.29%) of national ter-
ists can also see animals typical of the region, ritory. Its vegetation consists of tall trees, the tops
such as the Amazon manatee and several spe- of which appear to form an umbrella. The low-
cies of macaws. Rich aquatic resources provide land forests, constantly flooded, are present on
phenomena such as the Encontro das guas, the plains at the side of the Amazon River and its
where the muddy waters of the Rio Solimes tributaries, while the igap forests exist with their
mingle with the dark waters of the Rio Negro. roots permanently under water. It is believed that
more than half of all species living in the country
are part of this ecosystem; considering only fish
CENTRO CULTURAL PALCIO RIO NEGRO species, there are over three thousand.
Avenida Sete de Setembro, 1546 - Centro. tues-
day to friday from 10 am to 4 pm. Sundays from 5 pm
to 10 pm. no charge.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur
This is the former residence of one of the rubber CENTRO CULTURAL DOS POVOS DA AMAZNIA
barons, and is now the seat of the government Praa Francisco Pereira da Silva, (Bola da Su-
and the official residence of the State Governor. frama) - Crespo. Monday to Friday from 9 am to
Amazonas Theater It is one of the finest examples of Amazonian 5 pm. no charge.
Belle poque architecture. It was declared a
State historic site in 1980, and since 1997 it has The center focuses on mans relationship with
MANAUS option, depending on the place of departure and the housed the Cultural Centre, hosting exhibitions, the Amazonian environment, and how it influ-
1,802,014 inhabitants 11,401.077 km2 time available for the trip. In Belm, capital of the concerts and shows. Each room is named after ences local culture. It offers one of the most
92 110 V State of Par, there are boats that make the trip to a former governor. important ethnographic collections from Bra-
Manaus. Some ferries carry small and medium cars. zil, as well as documents, copies of popular art,
Local holidays The journey may take from three to five days. From and a library focused on the indigenous and
September 5: Commemoration of the elevation the port of Manaus is possible to travel to several riverside population.
of Amazonas to the category of province towns in the region.
October 24: Anniversary of the founding
of the Municipality Within the city Encontro das guas
December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceio Day Manaus has a modern fleet of over 1,500 buses, which The Rio Amazonas is formed from the Rio Negro
operate on around 300 lines crossing the City and e Solimes, and the meeting of their waters cre-
Accommodation traveling out to the Greater Metropolitan region. A ates a wonderful spectacle. The phenomenon
The capital of Amazonas has an extensive network single pass allows use of the system without the need occurs due to differences in the density, tem-
of well equipped accommodation, which offers every- pass through one of the terminals or pay for an addi- perature and velocity of the two water courses.
thing from five-star international hotels chains and tional route. The tourist can also use one of the fleet During the boat trip it is possible to feel the
luxurious jungle resorts to simpler inns with fewer fa- of more than four thousand taxis. temperature difference between the two rivers,
cilities. However there are only a few hostels. and also to watch the river dolphins that usu-
Gateway to the Amazonas region, Manaus is ally appear at the site. The tour packages also
ribamar o caboclo

Transport one of the Brazilian cities that is best known usually include a visit to the Parque Janauari. It
There are daily flights to Manaus from major State overseas. Located at the junction of the Negro is recommended to bring sunscreen and insect
capitals throughout Brazil, and also some interna- and Solimes rivers, it was the center of the Encontro repellent, a hat or cap, and to wear light cloth-
das guas
tional flights. Road transport (bus or car) is another rubber industry from 1879 to 1912. ing such as shorts and T-shirts.
106 AMAzonaS 107

MUSEU AMAZNICO This is the largest center for animals in the changes in level of the Rio Negro. Vessels depart
Rua Ramos Ferreira, 1036 - Centro. monday to Amazon region. It has around 170 animals from from the port for several of the towns in the
friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. 58 species. In addition to lectures and practical State and to other destinations in the North of
no charge activities related to the preservation of wildlife Brazil. It is very well structured, having the ca-
and the environment, the zoo also recuperates pacity to receive international shipping.
A permanent exhibition occupies the upper floor injured animals and returns them to their nat-
of the building, with displays of indigenous and ural habitats. It is maintained and administered
pre-indigenous cultures. The exhibition is di- by the Brazilian Army. Museu do Seringal Vila Paraso
vided into archaeological and ethnographic arti- (Ecomuseu)
facts, and recounts a little of the origins of man Igarap So Joo, tributary of the Igarap do Ta-
in the Amaznia. The museum also has a library. PORTO DE MANAUS rum Mirim (Rural Zone). only by river. tuesday
Rua Tanqueirinho, 25 - Centro. daily from 8 am to sunday, from 8 am to 4 pm. (students and pension-
to 6 pm. no charge. ers pay half price). a guided tour takes 90 minutes
Zoo Centro de Instruo de Guerra
na Selva (Cigs) Inaugurated in 1902, the port was designed and The museum has connections to the Amazon

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur
Avenida So Jorge, 750 - So Jorge. tuesday to built by British immigrants. It is an interest- film industry, having served as a location for
sunday from 9 am to 4:30 pm ing piece of engineering, rising and falling with the movie The Jungle, in 1986. The museum
portrays the life in the heyday of the Rubber
Industry, with the items, furniture and orna-
Manaus Metropolitan ments from the period.
Region
Fish prepared with local spices

Centro Cultural Usina Chamin


Avenida Loureno da Silva Braga - Centro. Colors and flavors
tuesday to saturday from 9 am to 2 pm. Sundays The great abundance of fish in the Amaz-
from 4 pm to 8 pm. no charge nia - there are more than two thousand species
18
- makes it the most widely used ingredient in
20 This old sewage treatment plant, built in classic local cuisine. Boiled, fried or baked, tambaqui,
1
19 style, is now one of the most important cultur- pirarucu, tucunar and jaraqui are always on the
al venues in the City. The building houses the menu, duly accompanied by cassava or tucupi (a
21 22
Rio Negro
55 56
Pinacoteca do Estado art collection, and was sauce made from madioc). Regional fruits such
23 57 declared an Amazonas Historic Monument in as pitomba, tucum and cupuau provide natu-
2
13 24 54 1988. The building was renovated in 1993. ral color and flavor for dessert.
14
15 49
3 16
25
4
53 MUSEU DO HOMEM DO NORTE
17 26 Rio Solimes
5
27
48 52 Praa Francisco Pereira da Silva. monday to fri- CENTRO DE ARTESANATO BRANCO E SILVA
1 Tarum
6
31 30 51
day, from 9 am to 5 pm. (students and pensioners Rua Recife, 1999. monday from 12 am to 6 pm.
2 Ponte Negra 22 Cidade Nova 8 7 28 46 41 M orro da
3 Lrio do Vale 23 Col. Santo
9 29
36
38
50 Liberdade pay half price). a tour with a bilingual guide takes tuesday to friday, from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturday, from
4 Nova Esperana Antnio The Meeting of Negro 42 C ol. Oliveira
5 Santo Agostinho 24 Flores 10
33 39
and Solimes Rivers Machado around 1 hour. 8 am to 4 pm. no charge.
6 Compensa 25 Parque Dez 11 12 34 40 44 43 Vila Buriti
7 So Jorge de Novembro 32 44 Crespo
8 Vila da Prata 26 Aleixo 41 47 45 So Lzaro
9 Santo Antnio 27 Chapada 35
37 45
43 46 Petrpolis The Museu do Homem do Norte museum This is the principal center for regional prod-
10 Glria 28 So Geraldo 47 Betnia
11 So Raimundo 29 Pres. Vargas 42 48 Coroado has a collection of nearly two thousand piec- ucts, ranging from fruits to locally made bas-
12 Aparecida 30 Adrianpolis 49 So Jos Operrio
13 Redeno 31 N. Sra das Graas 50 Mauazinho es that reveal important information on lo- kets. However the centers greatest attraction
14 Da Paz 32 Centro 51 Col. Antnio
15 Planalto 33 Pa. 14 de Janeiro Aleixo cal customs and culture. The highlight is the is the local cuisine. During your visit call in to
16 Alvorada 34 Cachoeirinha 52 Armando Mendes
17 Dom Pedro 35 Educandos 53 Zumbi dos Noel Nutels collection - a public health physi- the Caf Regional, a colonial Amazonas coffee
18 Santa Etelvina 36 So Francisco Palmares
19 Col. Terra Nova 37 Santa Luzia 54 Tancredo Neves cian who dedicated his work to the Parque do house, with unique breads, jellies and deserts
20 Monte das 38 Japiim 55 Jorge Teixeira
Oliveiras 39 Distrito Industrial 56 Distrito Industrial Xingu - and left his collection to the Fundao made from local ingredients. It is necessary to
21 Novo Israel 40 Raiz 57 Puraquequara
Nacional do ndio (FUNAI). make advance reservations.
108 AMAzonaS 109

PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA


13 km from central Manaus. AM-010 and Ave-
nida Turismo and Avenida Coronel Teixeira Festival Parintins
With music, dance, costumes and Amazonian
This is a river beach on the banks of the Rio culture, the festival takes place every year on
Negro, 13 km from central Manaus. It used to the last weekend of June. It is the main cultural
be inhabited by Mana Indians, which gave rise event in the State, and drives the local economy,
to the name of the City. It is possible to take a boosts tourism and help to maintain the strong
stroll, play sports, enjoy the many bars & res- regional identity of the Amazon peoples. Known
taurants along the sidewalk, and watch cultural as the Opera Amazonica, the festival is held in
performances in the amphitheater. the open air through three nights. There are two
competing Associations (equivalent to the sam-
ba schools in Rio de Janeiro): Boi Garantido, who
Bosque da Cincia use a red color and whose symbol is a heart, and
Rua Otvio Cabral, 2936 - Aleixo. Monday to Boi Caprichoso, whose color is blue and who use
Friday from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 4:30 a star as their symbol. During the presentation
pm. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 4 pm. (no the two groups recount the legends, rituals and

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur
concessionary rates), no charge for children under customs of indigenous Amazonian mixed-race
10 years of age or elderly persons over 65 years of peoples through allegories and performances.
age. full day.

This is the headquarters of the Instituto Nacio-


6 Port of Manaus
nal de Pesquisa da Amaznia (INPA), and has
The TEATRO AMAZONAS, with its grandiose eclectic styling the task of preserving the rich local biodiversity. ira

Av. Timbiras
ixe
x Te
A v. Ma
TEATRO AMAZONAS
Avenida Eduardo Ribeiro, Largo de So Sebastio - best equipped sports complexes in Latin Amer- Floresta dos Macacos
Centro. Monday to Saturday, from 9 am to 5 pm. ica. Several championships and national and Rua Silva Ramos, 874. daily, from 10:30 am to
(students and pensioners pay half price). a tour with international events are held at the site. 3:30 pm. a guided tour takes around 1 hour
nas
a bilingual guide takes 20 to 30 minutes. azo
Am
Av.
The site is home to animals at risk, and has
Built in an eclectic style with neo-classical and become a sanctuary for the preservation of
Greco-Roman influences, the Teatro Amazonas Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas monkeys. The monkeys can be seen from a 1
3

Av. Djalma Batista


is a symbol of the golden age of the rubber in- The Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas is a 300 meter-long walkway suspended 10 meters ignio
Sa

ph
dustry, and is the official home of the Orques- paradise for ecotourists and biology research- from the ground. In its 20-year history, the Av. E ll e

Av. Constantino Nery


s
tra Sinfnica do Estado da Amazonas. A walk ers. It is located 115 km from Manaus, in the number of primates being protected has risen 4
jo
through the interior is like stepping back in time town of Novo Airo. The area on the banks from 15 to over 100.

a
r
5

A
to the days when Manaus was one of the most of the Rio Negro includes the second largest Av. A n d
r

developed and modern cities in Latin America. river archipelago in the world - Anavilhanas
Av.
- composed of more than 400 islands with rich Museu do ndio B rasil
R. Kako Caminha
a rich biodiversity surrounded by lakes, rivers Rua Duque de Caxias, 296 - Centro. Monday
VILA OLMPICA and streams. During the low rainfall period in to Friday from 8:30 am to 11:30 am and from 1 pm Av. Tef
Avenida Pedro Teixeira, 400 - Don Pedro. Mon- August friendly river dolphins frequent to loca- to 4:30 pm. Saturday from 8:30 am to 11:30 am.
2
day to Friday, from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturday and sun- tion. At this time of the year it is possible to
day, only with pre-booking. observe them, feed them, and even take a swim This is the largest indigenous museum in 1 Stadium Vivaldo Lima
in their company. However, these activities re- Brazil, with a collection of three thousand ex- 2 Teatro Amazonas
3 Parque Municipal do Mind
This is open to the public, with facilities for quire a local guide: some animals can be more hibits including household utensils, weapons 4 Bosque da Cincia
5 Zoolgico do Cigs
several sports including football, volleyball and aggressive, especially the females. and ornaments by the indigenous tribes of 6 International Airport Eduardo Gomes
athletics. Inaugurated in 1990, it is one of the the Upper Rio Negro.
110 AMAzonaS 111

Parintins became known thanks to its Folk Fes- Porto Calado


tival and its Bumbdromo - the stadium for Rua Faria Neto - Centro. The boat ride func-
Bumba Meu Boi festivities. Almost on the border tions 24 hours; restaurants open from 10 am to 4 pm,
with the State of Par, the town has become one and snack bars from 6 pm to 12 pm
ELCIO FARIAS - VDEO PARK/Embratur

of the most popular holiday destinations in the


country. Since the construction of the Bumb- Here you can find a wide variety of bars and
dromo in 1988, Parintins has been expanding its restaurants, where the main attractions are the

ELCIO FARIAS - VDEO PARK/Embratur


hotel capacity to accommodate more tourists. typical regional dishes, such as bod no tucupi.
There is currently a small number of hotels, and Bod is the most popular fish in Parintins, with
they quickly fill up during the festival. plenty of meat but with many scales that need
The second most populous municipality in the to be removed. In dishes such as bod with tu-
Aerial view of the Bumbdromo in Parintins
North of Brazil and in the State of Amazonas, cupi, the fish is cooked in the skin with a yellow
Parintins is also a destination for those inter- sauce extracted from cassava root - tucupi.
Parintins ested in bird watching and nature - one of the
102,033 inhabitants 5,952.378 km2 92 110 V reasons why the local residents take great care Boi Garantido float

Distance from the State capital: 420 km to prevent illegal hunting, fishing and environ- Serra Valria de Parintins
mental degradation. Since it is part of an island, Rio Amazonas, 15 minutes by boat from the cen- Curral do Boi Garantido
Local holidays Parintins is rich in beaches and river-side attrac- ter of Parintins Rodovia Odovaldo Novo, km 1 - Baixa do So Jos
May 14: Ordination of the First Bishop of Parintins tions that appear at low water in the Amazon
June 29 to July 1: Folklore Festival and Uiacurap rivers. In addition to relaxing and These mountains are the highest point in Parin- This is the home of the red boi-bumb. The
July 2: Post-Festival diving, the town provides the opportunity to ex- tins, and hold indigenous archaeological re- warehouse is the place where the Boi Garantido
July 16: Nossa Senhora do Carmo Days periment the best of local cuisine, with dishes mains, which appeared as a result of erosion. costumes are made, and where practice takes
September 5: Anniversary of Amazonas such as tambaqui. Facing the Rio Amazonas, the place for the main festival.
becoming a Province Igreja do Sagrado Corao de Jesus is one of the
September 6: Civic Holidays best places to enjoy the sunset. Curral Zeca Xibelo or
October 15: Homage to the foundation of Parintins Curral do Boi Caprichoso Centro Cultural e Esportivo Amazonino
December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceio Days Rua Gomes de Castro, 685 - Centro Mendes (Bumbdromo)
LAGO MACURICAN Avenida Naes Unidas - Centro. visits must
Accommodation APA Nhamund, between the Nhamund and Rio This is where the Boi Caprichoso costumes are made, be scheduled in advance with the Department of
Parintins has been expanding its hotel capacity to ac- Amazonas. only by river. The journey from Parin- and where the blue boi-bumb practice takes place Tourism; during the festival, from 9 am to 1 pm.
commodate additional tourists. It currently has a small tins to Nhamund is made via motorboat, and takes for the main festival. no charge for visits. accompanied by parent
network of hotels that are not able to absorb all the visi- around two hours. daily, from 9 am to 5 pm or guardian.
tors who come to town for the Festival. It is possible to
rent private houses or rooms during the festival season. This is located in the rea de Proteo Ambien- Opened in 1988, this houses one of the most
tal Nhamund (APA). The site offers boat and important cultural events in Amazonas, the
Transport diving trips. The lake can only be enjoyed in the Festival Folclrico de Parintins. The site is di-
The shortest journey is using direct flights from dry season between July and October, known as vided into two parts: on one side, the red of Boi
Manaus to Parintins. It is also possible to depart the Amazonian summer. Garantido, and on the other the blue of Boi Ca-
from Santarm and make the journey by ferry; it takes prichoso. It is laid out in the shape of a stylized
around two days and eleven hours to get to Parintins. ox, and has capacity for 35,000 people, distrib-
Road transport is only possible for part of the journey, MERCADO MUNICIPAL DE PARINTINS ELCIO FARIAS - VDEO PARK/Embratur uted among stands, seating and boxes.
after which it is necessary to take a ferry. It is 534 km Rua Jos Augusto - Centro. monday to sunday,
on the AM-010 up to the ferry terminal in Itacoati- from 6 am to 5 pm
ara. The total journey time is an average of two days Balnerio Cantagalo
and eight hours. Departing from Belm in the State Built in the 19th century, the market retains many Estrada do Aninga, km 4. 24 hours
of Par the journey time is three days and five hours, of its original features. Here you can buy or sam-
following the BR-230 (Rodovia Transamazonica). At ple local delicacies such as banana porridge and Located in the community of Aningam, whas
Rurpolis (Par) take the BR-163 to the town of San- tapioca with tucum (seasoning that comes from an area of 10,000 m2 with pier, spa, bar and res-
tarm, where there are ferries going to Parintins. the fruit of a palm tree of the same name). Boi Caprichoso float taurant, among other attractions.
113

PRAIA DO RESENDE,

Auro Queiroz
in Itacar

BAHIA
114 BAHIA 115

BR
116
BA-210
pernambuco

Bahia maranho

piau
BR
235
BR
235 BR
235 Juazeiro
BA-210
BR
116

BR
BA-304 BA-460

BA-210
116
BR

B
BA-324 235
BR
razil began in Bahia. It was in Porto Seguro, BR BA-210 BR BR 110 alagoas
235 407 235 BR
116
in the southern part of the state, which to- BA-210 BA-368 BA-314 BR
235

day is Baa de Cabrlia, that Pedro lvares BR


407
BA-174
BR BR
Cabral arrived in search of a safe harbor (porto senhor do 110 235

seguro) for the Portuguese ships. It was here the bonfim BR


116 BA-220
BA-368 BA-392
BR
first mass was celebrated, which marked the ar- 407
BA-220
BA-381
rival of the Portuguese in the country, in 1500. sergipe
The first settlements emerged there and the first BA-225 BA-052
BA-368 BA-131
BA-225
capital of Brazil was Salvador, which today has a BA-451
BA-225 BA-160 BA-426
BA-120 BR
116
BR
110
BR
rich culture known all over the world. BA-451 BA-161
BA-605
324
BR
324 BA-416 BA-084
The history of Brazil is reflected in the Bahian tocantins BA-458 BA-433
BR
122 BA-131 BR BA-409 BA-348 BR
BA-318
407 101
buildings, which mark important moments in lus BA-052
BR
116
BA-099
Eduardo BA-432
the country, in the black culture - which has the BA-460
magalhes
BR
135
BA-161
BA-052
BR
324 BA-411
BR
110 BA-400
BR BA-830
respect and honor it deserves in the state - and BR 242
BR
242
BA-433 BR
BA-142 BR feira de BA-093
BR BA-449 407 BR
242 020 BR BR 122
BA-052 santana
even in the local artistic traditions. One of the barreiras BR
BR
430
242 242 101
BA-505
BR 135 BA-161 BR BR BR BA-488
major and most popular tourist destinations in 020
BA-462 BA-430 BA-156
242 242
BR
242 407 BR
242 BR santo BA-099
BA-172 116
Brazil, it has world-class tourist facilities and BA-148
BA-046 amaro
BA-462 BR
BA-470 BA-142 camaari
its residents know how to welcome visitors who 430 BA-160
BA-152
BA-046
BR
BR BA-245
come here to enjoy the rich natural wonders, 020
BA-576 BA-161 BA-245
BA-245
116
BR BA-156 BA-148 BA-142 BR Salvador
culture, gastronomy and religious tradition. 135 BA-172
BA-553
420
BA-001
BR BR
Bahia offers numerous beaches in a coast cut BR
correntina 349
BA-160 BR
420 BR
101
020 BA-349 BR
by forests and lagoons which make the land- 430 BA-156 407
BA-026
BR
116 MORRO DE
BR BA-349
scape unforgettable. The mixture of wild and BA-349 349
BR BA-161
BA-330 S.PAULO
BR 135 BR BA-148
349 122 BA-120
almost untouched beaches with good tourist BR
020 BA-160
BR
430 BA-142
BR BR
330 101 BA-650
facilities from word-class luxurious resorts BR BA-030
BR
116
BR
030
gois BR BR 030 BA-030 BR
to simpler inns in a fishing village makes the 135
BA-161
030 030
ITACAR
state an unforgettable place. BA-262 BA-030 BR
101
BA-660
In the interior, ecological reserves attract BR BR
122 407 BR
those who seek adventure itineraries and eco- vitria da 415 ilhus
conquista BR
tourism, like Chapada Diamantina. Also in the BA-263 BA-667
251
BA-001
BR
interior, the wine tourism has been developing 116 BR
101
in Vale do Rio So Francisco, which until recent- BA-634
BA-670
BA-270
ly was considered an impossible achievement, minas gerais
BR
116
BA-270
BR
since the dry tropical climate had never been 101 CANAVIERAS
BA-270
suitable for the cultivation of vineyards. Today,
BR
the region already produces 15% of the Brazil- BA-270 367
BR
ian wine, after Vale dos Vinhedos, in the South, 101
CABRLIA
a traditional producer. porto seguro
BR
101
TRANCOSO

Geographic information
BA-489 international airport
BA-290
atlantic tropical national airport
average of 27 C (80,6 F) BA-696 national highways
remnants of atlantic forest with coconut trees BR
State Highways
418
esprito santo BR
418
BA-998
BA-698
116 BAHIA 117

FAROL DA BARRA,
in Salvador salvador
1 Praia Porto da Barra
2 Praia Farol da Barra
3 Praia Jaguaribe BA-528
BA-526
BA-522
BA-535
4 Forte Santo Antnio da Barra BA-093
BA-528
5 Praia de Itapo BA-093
6 Praia de Stella Maris
7 Praia do Flamengo BR
324
8 Parque Metropolitano de Pituau
9 Dep. Lus Eduardo Magalhes
International Airport BA-099
12
10 Jardim Zoolgico Getulio Vargas

Roberto Faria/Embratur
11 Estdio Fonte Nova BR
324
12 Parque Florestal da Represa
BA-099

ilho 9

Vi a na F
uiz
7
Av L
Av
Lu
Salvador During this public holiday, thousands of people iz
Ed 6
uard
2,675,656 inhabitants 693.292 km2 71 110 V from all over Brazil and other countries visit the 5
oM 8 3
city and crowd the streets to enjoy the sounds ag
Local holidays alh ira
of ax, afox and samba, rhythms which were 11 e
s a be
July 2: Independence of Bahia originated there. But the city isnt just about ang
December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceios day festivities. Salvador was the first capital of Bra- M
vio
zil until 1973, when the political center was 1 O t
Clothing transferred to Rio de Janeiro. The city was also 10 Av
4
Due to the heat, light clothing is the best option, but the scene of many rebellions, such as Alfaiates 2
do not forget to bring socks and shoes that are suit- (an emancipatory movement which took place
able for longer walks. in the 18th century). The third most populated
city in the country, Salvador has a very rich cul-
Accommodation ture, a result of the meeting between the Afri-
Salvador has a complete and diversified hotel net- can tradition and the European and Indigenous the top of a 37 meters brick-built tower and was
work, with beachfront inns and hotels of all categories traditions. With numerous well known tourist the first lighthouse ever built in the Americas. It
(three to five stars), including hotels from big interna- attractions such as Lacerda Lift, Barra Light- is one of the most beautiful buildings in the city.
tional chains. The best locations are at the beachfront house and Pelourinho, the city also has beau-
and in the historic centre (Pelourinho). tiful beaches in the seafront. Visitors can also
savor the traditional foods from Bahia, such as IGREJA AND CONVENTO DE SO FRANCISCO
Transport vatap and acaraj. Largo Cruzeiro So Francisco, 7 - Centro.
The highway to Salvador is the BR-324. Bus lines Monday to Friday from 8 am to 11:30 am and from
connect the capital to cities from all over the coun- 1 pm to 5 pm. no charge
try. Salvador airport is 38 km from the city downtown FAROL DA BARRA
and receives national and international flights. The Rua Almirante Marqus Leo, 138 - Barra. The 18th century buildings are part of the Sev-
Rita Barreto/Setur BA

Bahian capital can also be reached by sea, via ships Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 7 pm. en Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World.
travelling from other states and countries. The architecture is the greatest representative
It was in Barra Lighthouse, one of the best well of the baroque style in Bahia, the richness of
Salvador, the capital of Bahia, is well known for known tourist sights of Salvador, where the city detail in its panels and the amount of gold in
its popular festivities, especially the Carnival. began to develop. The monument was placed at IGREJA DE So Francisco its interior are impressive.
118 BAHIA 119

ELEVADOR LACERDA elevador Lacerda

Praa Thom de Souza, Cidade Alta/Praa Vis-


conde de Cayru, Cidade Baixa. 24 hours daily.

The lifts initial function was to connect the Down


Town to the Upper Town of Salvador, but today
the equipment has more of a touristic appeal due
to its stunning view of the city, 72 meters high.

Rita Barreto/SETUR BA
TERREIRO DE BOGUM
Ladeira do Bogum - Engenho Velho da Federao.
daily from 11 am. no charge
Capoeira in downtown Salvador

This Terreiro is also part of candombl, how-

Roberto Faria/Embratur
Capoeira ever a different language is used in its rituals,
Is it a sport, dance or martial art? Capoeira is it was created by slaves who knew how to read
Roberto Faria/Embratur

a mixture of these. One of the strongest and and write in Arabic, who are known as the Mal.
most known Brazilian cultural expressions, This was the location of one of the greatest
capoeira came from black slavery in Brazil, when slave rebellions in Salvador.
the slaves began to rebel against the humiliat-
ing living conditions of its people and created a
FILHOS DE GANDHI parade, in Pelourinho fighting technique to face the hostility and the
violence of the masters and the captains of the
Pelourinho forest, farm workers who were in charge of get- Musical state
Largo do Pelourinho - Centro Histrico. No charge ting back the slaves who ran away. Bahia is one of the most musical states in Bra-
Later, capoeira became more specialized in zil. The mixture between the black, white and
The neighborhood located in the citys historic the quilombos, acquiring new techniques and indigenous ethnic groups originated rich musical
center was the initial point of the citys eco- spreading among the black men, always accom- rhythms and genres, like ax, samba, pagode and
nomical development, in the 16th century. Many panied by singing and by the berimbau, a musical the Brazilian popular music (MBP) itself. Even the
buildings here were listed by the National Insti- instrument created especially for the purpose. cariocan bossa nova has a Bahian, Joo Gilberto,
tute for Artistic and Historical Heritage and are With the liberation of slaves, capoeira was pro- as one of its creators and most famous names, who
the main attractions of the tourist sight. Since hibited on the streets of Bahia. Today, the art is charmed the world with his smooth way of singing.
1985, it is recognized by UNESCO as a World recognized worldwide, with capoeira players in In the late 1960s a new generation of compos-
Heritage Site. In Pelourinho, to get to institutions several continents and is part of the intangible ers and performing artists revolutionized MBP.
such as Jorge Amados House, you must walk cultural heritage of the state. Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Maria Bethania e
through narrow streets which retain their origi- Gal Costa created a new way of talking about
nal features, such as cobblestoned pavement. Bahia and about the country. At the same time,
Os Novos Baianos, a group consisting of Baby
Consuelo, Pepeu Gomes, Moraes Moreira, Dadi,
MERCADO MODELO Paulinho Boca de Cantor and others, lived the
Rua Visconde de Cayru, 250 - Comrcio, Cidade Roberto Faria/Embratur height of hippie movement, with lyrics about
Baixa. Monday to Saturday, from 9 am to 7 pm. topics such as love and freedom.
Roberto Faria/Embratur

Sundays from 9 am to 2 pm. no charge In Bahias Casa da Msica, located in the


Parque Abaet, documents which tell the story
The site has more than 200 shops with souve- of the Bahian music can be found. The perma-
nirs from Salvador and Bahia, most of them nent collection includes photographs, books
handicrafts. The market also houses two fa- Typical instruments shop in the MERCADO MODELO and musical instruments.
mous restaurants serving regional Bahian food. MERCADO MODELO
120 BAHIA 121

LAGOA DO ABAET
Estrada do
Coco
ATTRACTIONS

Iglesia Aeroporto
del Internacional
Bonfim
Farol
BR 324 de Itapu
Lagoa
Ponta de del Abaet Praia
Humait de Itapu

Pelourinho
Estdio
Elevador Fonte Nova
Lacerda
Rodoviria

Roberto Faria/Embratur
Dique
do Toror Praia
de Piat
Rua Av. Antnio
Carlos Carlos Magalhes
Mercado Gomes
Modelo
Av. Anita
Av. Lafayete Garibaldi
Coutinho Av. Vasco
da Gama
Av.
Solar Centenrio DIQUE Do TOROR
do Unho Av. 7 de
Setembro
Praia de Ondina
Solar do Unho/
Av.
Praia do
Porto da Barra Ocenica MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA DA BAHIA

Roberto Faria/Embratur
Avenida do Contorno - Comrcio. tuesday to
Praia do
Farol da Barra friday from 1 pm to 7 pm. Saturdays and Sundays
from 2 pm to 8 pm. no charge

Il Ax Op Afonj The solar is an architectural complex which


Rua Direita de So Gonalo, 557. daily from houses the Museu de Arte Moderna, a pier, a
10 am. no charge slave quarters and a distillery. The site was built Lagoa do Abaet
to be the residence of the judge Pedro Unho Avenida Otvio Mangabeira, Itapu
The Terreiro (worship place) is also known as Castelo Branco. Today is a popular tourist sight,
House of Sustained Strength by Afonj. It was which also has a sculpture garden and a square One of the most famous tourist attractions in the
listed by the National Institute of Historic and where folk and musical performances take city, this dark waters lagoon is surrounded by fine
Artistic Heritage and it is one of the oldest Can- place. Try to wait until sunset, when the place white sand and several dunes formed by wind-
dombl temples in Bahia, founded in 1910. becomes particularly beautiful. blown particles from Itapu beach. The surround-
ing vegetation completes the beautiful scenery.

DIQUE Do TOROR
Avenida Vasco da Gama - Brotas. daily, 24 IGREJA DO Senhor do Bonfim
hours. no charge. Largo do Bonfim, 236 - Bonfim. Monday from
9 am to 6 pm. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday
The dyke was built in the 17th and 18th centu- from 6:30 am to 6 pm. Friday to Sunday from 5:30
ries, with the damming of the Urucaia River, to am to 6 pm. no charge
protect the city against possible attacks, since
Salvador was at the time the capital of Brazil. It is the most famous church of Salvador and
Today, the 110 thousand m2 area is the desti- its patron saint is one of the most followed
Roberto Faria/Embratur

Roberto Faria/Embratur
nation of those who want to rest and have fun by the faithful. The ribbons are very popular
on weekends. The site has decks for fishermen, in the arms and ankles of the many visitors.
tracks for running, restaurants and parking. Re- Every second Thursday of January it hosts a
cently, the artist Tatti Moreno created and in- Washing Party, where the Bahian women go in
stalled, in the waters of the site, large statues a procession to the church and wash the stair-
which represent the orixas. Solar do Unho, home of MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA DA BAHIA ways with scented water. IGREJA DO Nosso Senhor do Bonfim, Salvador
122 BAHIA 123

Jardim de Alah Porto da Barra


PRAIA DO FAROL
DA BARRA Avenida Otvio Mangabeira, Costa Azul Avenida Ocenica, Barra
This beach brings people of all ages together. This is where Tom de Souza, the first
The boardwalk has the best delicacies of the Governor-General of Salvador, arrived in
Bahian cuisine and tents with masseurs pro- 1549 and was welcomed by Caramuru. It is
vide relaxation. a small beach with clear waters and good
tourist restaurant facilities. It is considered
the best place for sea bathing and has the
most beautiful sunset of the city.

Rio Vermelho
Avenida Ocenica, Boca do Rio - Rio Vermelho
A beach full of history, related to the Bahian re-
ligiosity. According to records, this was where
the sinking of the French ship took place,

Roberto Faria/Embratur
which Diogo lvares Correa survived - the Car-
amuru, an important figure in the emergence
of the city. Every year the Festival of Iemanj

Manu Dias/AGECOM
takes place here, on February 2, when all the
tourists and residents come to the seafront to
thank the queen of the sea. Around the beach
BEACHES IN THE CITY there are several bars, shops and restaurants.
Revelers crowd the streets of Salvador during Carnival in Bahia
Farol da Barra Itapu
Avenida Ocenica, Barra Avenida Otvio Mangabeira, Itapu
Frequented by a large number of people. It has Famous in Brazilian popular music, this is a qui- Ondina Stella Maris
reefs for divers, natural pools for children and et beach with fine sand, gentle sea and next to it Avenida Ocenica, Ondina It is the most exciting beach of Salvador sea-
a corner where the waves are good for surfing. there is the Farol de Itapu (Itapu Lighthouse). This beach has one of the best facilities for fam- front. Some people enjoy going there to surf,
It has several bars and restaurants along the The acaraj sold in the region is very popular. ilies. It has natural pools and playgrounds for play sports or just to enjoy the delicacies in
seafront, but not in the beach itself as this was children. The beach is very popular in the late the seafront restaurants and bars. During the
prohibited in every beach of the city. afternoon, at sunset, when residents and tour- evenings, throughout the year, several festivi-
ists crown the sands and boardwalk. ties take place in this area.

Amaralina
Avenida Amaralina, Amaralina
The boardwalk is used for running and for
walks and near the site is the Largo de Ama-
ralina, where it is possible to taste one of the
best acaraj of the city and also enjoy the
view. There are also restaurants and bars.
Alex Oliveira/Setur Ba

Corsrio
Salvador Bahia Brasil

Avenida Otvio Mangabeira, Boca do Rio


A good choice for surfers as it has strong
waves. It is also popular for beach sports,
such as racquetball and foot-volley. It is locat-
Iemanj Festival
ed near the Parque Metropolitano de Pituau. PRAIA DE PORTO DA BARRA
124 BAHIA 125

IGREJA DE Nossa MUSEU INDGENA there is a cross there. The monument, named
Senhora da
Conceio Coroa Vermelha, 7 km from downtown. daily, Memorial do Encontro, was constructed on the
from 9 am to 6 pm. 500th anniversary of Brazil. The beach is quiet
and has warm waters.
The museum is dedicated to showing how the In-
dians lived and to promoting their culture. Hand-
icrafts created by the community are sold here. PARQUE MARINHO COROA ALTA
Banks of the Rio Joo de Tiba. daily from
10 am.
ILHEU DE COROA VERMELHA
7 km from downtown. 24 hours daily. no charge The site might look like and island, but is in
fact a mixture of sand banks with coral reefs.
This is where the Portuguese explorer Pedro Access is only possible via canoes and schoo-
lvares Cabral arrived. It was also the site of ners; diving here allows a close contact with
the first mass in the country, which is why the local marine fauna.

Jota Freitas/Bahia tursa


View from Vale do Paty,
in Chapada Diamantina

SANTA CRUZ CABRLIA The name of the city is a tribute to the explorer
26,264 inhabitants 1,562.701 km 73 220 V and to the first name the country received, the
Land of the Holy Cross. Besides the beautiful
Local holidays beaches, visitors can explore the culture and
July 2: Independence of Bahia customs of the Indians by visiting the museum.
July 23: Anniversary of the City

Clothing Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceio


Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dress- Rua Tancredo Neves - Cidade Alta. the masses

Caetano Lacerda
es are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear. take place daily, at 5 pm. no charge

Accommodation The church built in the 18th century is the moth-


Cabrlia has a few inns in several comfort and infra- er church in tribute to the patron saint of Brazil
structure categories. Visitors can also take a day trip during the colonial era and Imperial period, Nos-
to the town and stay overnight in Porto Seguro. sa Senhora da Conceio, who was replaced by CHAPADA DIAMANTINA region. In Lenis, there are several travel agen-
Nossa Senhora Aparecida during the Republic. Created in 1985 to preserve its natural beauty, cies who organize tours and hikes.
Transport the Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina
By land, the highway to Cabrlia is the BR-367. There provides beautiful sceneries, with caves, water-
are bus departures at regular intervals from Porto Se- PRAIA DE ARAKAKA falls, rivers and hills of a rare beauty in the midst CACHOEIRA DA FUMAA
guro and Salvador to Cabrlia. The city doesnt have a Avenida Beira Mar of the caatinga shrubland. The main cities in the 68 km from Lenis. to be agreed with the guide
bus terminal. The nearest airport is in Porto Seguro, 23 region - Lenis, Mucug, Xique-Xique do Igatu to be agreed with the guide or travel agency.
km away. From there you can take a taxi to Cabrlia. Right in the town center, this is the busiest and Andara - emerged during the search for
beach in the small town and attracts many gold and diamonds. This is why the region was With more than 70 meters free fall this is one of
Like Porto Seguro, Santa Cruz Cabrlia is located tourists who want to surf and windsurf. The named this way. Today, mining is prohibited due the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in the
in the region where the caravels led by Pedro l- clear green waters are suitable for swimming to its negative environmental impact. It is neces- country, although the access is difficult. But the
vares Cabral arrived, discovering Brazil in 1500. and natural pools form on the beach at low tide. sary to use a guide on most of the visits in the breathtaking view is worth it.
126 BAHIA 127

GRUTA DA lapa DOCE View from the


City of Ihus
Inside Fazenda Lapa Doce, in Iraquara. to be
agreed with the guide. to enter the farm. the cost
of a guide should be negotiated separately.

The Lapa Doce Cave is large and airy and has

Caetano Lacerda
few elevations in the ground. Considered the
third biggest in the country, with 17 mapped
km, the cave is part of a limestone caves com-
plex and 850 meters of the space are open to GRUTA PRATINHA, in Chapada Diamantina

visitors. The name comes from a small under-


ground river which had slightly sugary water. Considered a symbol of the park, the Pai Incio
Groups of up to 12 people are allowed per visit. hill is 1,120 meters high. Visitors need to walk
through a trail to reach the top, which offers

Joo Ramos/Bahiatursa
stunning scenery.
MORRO DO PAI INCIO
From Lenis follow BR-242 to Palmeiras. to
be agreed with the guide or travel agency. to be Marimbus
agreed with the guide or travel agency. In Andara, 21 km from Lenis. to be agreed
with the guide or travel agency. to be agreed with
the guide or travel agency. ILHUS bahia
PARQUE NACIONAL DA CHAPADA DIAMANTINA 184,236 inhabitants 1,760.004 km2 73 110 V
south
Marimbus is known for being similar to the Itacar
coast
Irec
Pantanal and it is one of the most interesting Local Holidays BA-001
Rio Mucugez Wagner
15 13
10 inh
o Salvador visits in Chapada. In a canoe - with a guide who April 23: So Jorges day
11 9

14
12 Tanquinho knows the river well - tourists can travel through July 2: Independence of Bahia Serra Grande
242
8 BR the beautiful scenery consisting of water plants August 15: Nossa Senhora da Vitrias day Uruuca
Aeroporto
and ferruginous waters, perfect for swimming.
BA

Seabra
Rio

142

Clothing
Rio

Palmeiras Lenis Besides the natural beauty of the site, Remanso,


Sant

Braslia
So

a small ex-slave colony inside Marimbus, is an Light clothing is ideal to enjoy the city, and of BR Ilhus
o An

6 7
Itabuna
Jos

Vale do 5 Rio Ribeiro


unmissable attraction. Here a small number of course swimwear. 415
tnio

Capo do Melo
Caet-Au families try to maintain the customs and tradi- Olivena
Ri

o
tions of their ancient cultures. Accommodation
Pr

Rio Roncador
eto

Marimbus Ilhus has good accommodation facilities, from ho- BR


3
tels, inns, and luxurious resorts, both on the beaches 101 BA-001
Gerais dos u
Vieiras
Rio
Bai io ag ua Vale do Paty and in the city center.
ano R Par
Guin Between Andara and Mucug and the trail be- Una
Andarai
2 gins in BA-142, which connects both cities. to Transport
Bonimal Vale do Santa Luzia
Paty be agreed with the guide or travel agency. to be The main access roads to Ilhus are the federal high-
Itaet Ilha de Comandatuba
Igatu
1
agreed with the guide or travel agency. ways BR-342 and BR-101. There are bus departures at
BA-270
Amplified area Mucug
regular intervals from Salvador to Ilhus. The city has
Ibicoara 4 One of the most popular attractions here is trek- its own airport, which facilitates access. It receives na- Canavieiras
Vitria da Conquista king. The journey has to be made on foot, through tional flights and is located 3 km from the city. Another
a trail, with no accommodation options which al- option coming from Salvador is the ferryboat. It departs BR
1 Poo Encantado 6 Cachoeira do 21 11 Morro do Pai Incio 101
lows tourists to stay in the homes of the friendly from So Joaquim Terminal, in the capital, to Ilhus.
2 Poo Azul 7 Cachoeira do Sossego 12 Pratinha
3 Marimbus 8 Gruta do Lapo 13 Gruta Azul residents. During the journey, which lasts about
4 Cachoeira do Buraco 9 Cachoeira do Diabo 14 Caverna Torrinha six days, it is possible to swim in the Cachoeira Ilhus region was colonized around 1534. The
5 Cachoeira da Fumaa 10 Morro do Camelo 15 Lapa Doce do Funil, to visit the beautiful Poo do Diabo and quality of the soil, ideal for agriculture, drew
have a privileged view from Morro Branco. the attention of the Portuguese which made the
128 BAHIA 129

population increase rapidly. Cocoa was the most longed to Jorge Amado. The neoclassical house PRAIA DE CANABRAVA E TOROROMBA
successful product in its farms, which were in- also includes the Ilhus Historic Institute and From Rua Tobias Barreto, turn right on Avenida
troduced to the city through plants brought the Bahia Academy of Arts and Letters. Soares Lopes to Ponte Lomanto Junior. After the
from the Amazon region in the 17th century. The bridge, follow the avenue to Rua Baro do Rio Branco,
cocoa culture brought wealth and prosperity where you should turn left. Drive up to the 21 km
to the region. With the cocoa decline, the city, marker on the highway
which has the longest coastline in Bahia, began

Joo Ramos/Bahiatursa
investing in tourism. The citys beaches are the Both beaches are the most popular among tour-
main tourist attraction; however tourists can ists, as they have the largest infrastructure and
also visit the remaining cocoa farms of the city. two resorts nearby. The beach waters have calm
waves and are surrounded by reefs.

Cocoa farm

The main attraction in this urban beach is the


replica of Rio de Janeiros Christ the Redeemer
statue, almost eight meters high. Water sports
such as kayaking, jet skiing and windsurfing
also attract visitors to the beach.

Joo Ramos/Bahia tursa


Joo Ramos/Bahiatursa
Povoado do Rio do Engenho
Tours leave from Praa Maramata, no number -
Pontal. the tours are usually made during the day.
Joo Ramos/Bahiatursa

PRAIA DE CANA BRAVA, in Ilhus

The village buildings, dated from before 1550,


Typical Construction in Ilhus
PRAIA DO CRISTO were listed by the National Institute of Histori-
From Rua Tobias Barreto in downtown, follow cal and Cultural Heritage. The village is located
Bataclan Avenida Soares Lopes and then Avenida Dois de in the ruins of SantAna, one of the first sugar
catedral de So Sebastio, in Ilhus Avenida Dois de Julho, 75 - Centro. daily, from Julho, where the beach is located mills in Brazil.
11 am to 11 pm. no charge
CATEDRAL DE SO SEBASTIO
Surfers enjoy
Praa Dom Eduardo - Centro. the masses take The building, which used to be a luxury cabaret the waves on the
beaches of Ilhus
place daily, at 4 pm. no charge where the cocoa colonels used to go, currently
houses the cultural centre with the same name.
Inaugurated in 1967, 36 years after construc- The decorations are also its original, however,
tion, the interior of the cathedral is discreet and after a renovation the site now houses a restau-
simple, but its facade has fine details and a 47 rant, bar, cigar shop and also rooms for exhibi-
meter-high round arch. tions, soires and theatrical presentations.

Casa de Cultura Jorge Amado MERCADO DE ARTESANATO


Rua Jorge Amado, 21 - Center. monday to fri- Rua Eustquio Bastos, 308 - Center. daily from
day from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. 10 am to 10 pm. no charge
Apoena Machado Cunha

Saturday from 9 am to 1 pm.


This shopping site has around 80 kiosks sell-
The house where the Bahian writers family ing souvenirs from the city. The most popular
lived is now a museum, which includes docu- handicrafts include crochet items, clay objects,
ments, books, photographs and objects that be- hand painted shirts and the cocoa liquor.
130 BAHIA 131

ILHA DE Olivena Povoado de Pedras de Una


COMANDATUBA
Olivena is 18 km from Ilhus. Bus lines connect the 9 km from the village center. the tours are usu-
two locations; however the village doesnt have a bus ally made during the day. no charge
terminal. The car journey takes around half an hour.
Artisans and fishermen live in this simple com-
The southern region from Costa do Cacau con- munity, which preserves a rustic lifestyle. Here vis-
centrates a group of locations which preserve a itors can take boat trips to view the mouth of the
great natural beauty and a fascinating history. Una river and of the Maruim river, and also fish.
Here, in the 16th century, the Portuguese began
to cultivate cocoa, one of the most valuable and
wanted products from that era. The cocoa culture PRAIA DE COMANDATUBA
drove the local economy, built great empires and The beach is accessed from Vila de Comandatuba,
became an inexhaustible source of memories and a village similar to Pedras do Una
stories. With the decline of the products produc-
tion, the proud cities of Canavieiras, Olivena and The island used to be a cocoa farm and is 17 km
Una maintained their respect for the past but long. One of the largest resorts in the region is
also looked to the future, investing in tourism, located here; it occupies most of the seafront.
which is the most important activity in the re-
gion. With beautiful and preserved beaches, his-
torical houses and hospitable people, the region ILHA DO ATALAIA
reserves a few surprises for visitors. By boat from Praia da Costa, in Canavieiras

The Islands beaches are stretched for 17 km,


PRAIA DA COSTA with clear, calm and warm waters, ideal for
From Avenida Baro do Rio Branco, follow swimming. The site also has Atlantic Forest re-

Lea Sartori
straight ahead through Avenida Himrio Caval- serves and mangroves.
cante to the beach

Busy beach with a good tourist infrastructure. Ocean Course


Sul de Ilhus recommended to book in advance. The village has few Ideal for children, as it has warm and calm waters. Ilha de Comandatuba. daily from 9 am to 8 pm.
73 110 V Una 24,106 inhabitants 159,525 km options for accommodation; there are only a few ho- price on request
Canavieiras 32,331 inhabitants 375,556 km tels and fishermens cottages available for visitors.
Ilhus 184,231 inhabitants PRAIA DO PATIPE The biggest golf course of the country is part of
Transport From Avenida Beira Mar, at low tide. By boat, Hotel Transamrica, a resort which occupies most
Local holidays Una through Patipe river, at high tide of the Ilha de Comandatuba. It has 780 thousand
April 23: So Jorges day (Ilhus) From Ilhus via BA-001, where there are bus depar- square meters, with 18 holes in accordance with
July 2: Independence of Bahia tures every two hours to Una. From Salvador, bus Very popular for windsurfing and other sports, international requirements. Those who do not
August 15: Nossa Senhora da Vitrias day (Ilhus) departures to Canavieiras stop at Una. Una doesnt has warm waters and not many facilities. Only own golfing equipment can rent it in the site.
have a bus terminal. Another option is the airport a few kiosks are available for visitors.
Clothing from Resort Transamrica Ilha Comandatuba, 15 km
Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dress- from the city, but it only receives private flights. BALNERIO E PARQUE AQUTICO
es are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear. RESERVA BIOLGICA DE UNA DE TOROROMBA
Canavieiras Rodovia Ilhus, km 42. daily, from 8 am to 6 pm. 17 km from central Ilhus. daily, from 9 am
Accommodation By car or bus, the BA-101, BR-324 and BR-001 pro- no charge to 7 pm.
Una offers several inns and resorts for those who vide access to the city. There are intercity bus lines
choose the city as their destination. However, it is connecting Salvador to Canavieiras and other cities The reserve is a remnant of the Atlantic Forest The site receives waters from the source of To-
recommended to book in advance to avoid any set- in the region. By air, the nearest airport is in Ilhus, in the Bahian coast and its main attraction is a roromba River, which are believed to have me-
back. There are very few inns and summer homes 120 km from the city. From there you can travel by walkway 30 meters high, where visitors can ad- dicinal powers. The park has an artificial water-
available for tourists in Canavieiras. Therefore, it is car or bus to Canavieiras. mire the untouched forest, plants and animals. fall, known as Vu de Noiva, and three pools.
132 BAHIA 133

PRAIA DA TIRIRICA, ing (descending waterfalls through ropes) and zip-line which flies over the beach. For those
in Itacar
aqua-ride (descending the river using a large who want peace and quiet, the creek - with
buoy) in Rio de Contas. small waterfalls and a dam which forms a
freshwater natural pool - offers a cool water
pool ideal for adults and children.
PRAIA DA CONCHA
Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias),
Itacars main road PRAIA DA ENGENHOCA
Via a trail from 12 km marker in BA-001
The beach is formed by the sea and the Rio
de Contas. It has a great tourist infrastructure The beach is popular among surfers and those
and attracts fans of canoeing and windsurfing. who seek peace and quiet. It is accessed via a

Gabriel Carvalho/Bahia Tursa


The beautiful scenery is complemented by the beautiful trail. During the walk - which lasts
square-shaped lighthouse, one of the few in around 20 minutes - it is possible to view the
the country with this shape, which represents sea and the rocks. Palm trees frame the scenery.
the Bahian maritime identity. The beach also It is not recommended for children, as they can
includes the Ponta do Xaru, where people get get tired during the walk and there are no tour-
together in late afternoon to view the beautiful ist facilities on the beach.
sunset in Itacar.

ITACAR were seeking the great waves from Itacarez- PRAIA DE ITACAREZINHO
24,318 inhabitants 737.850 km 73 110 V inho and from Tiririca. The site is included in PRAIA DA RIBEIRA Access to the beach is in the 15 km marker in
an Environmental Protection Area (APA), as it Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), BA-001, after a private area
Local holidays located in the middle of the Atlantic Forest, a Itacars main road
July 2: Independence of Bahia (state holiday) type of forest which is devastated in the coun- One of the best beaches in the region, with good
try. The vegetation of the municipality, found- Praia da Ribeira is one of the best options for waves throughout the year, it is a paradise for
Clothing ed in 1732, spreads to the sea, creating rocky those who seek good tourist facilities and an surfers in Bahia. Here you can dive and also
Light clothing and sandals, and dont forget the swim- cliffs which make the beaches true natural easy access. The more adventurous can enjoy view the sea turtles hatching. It has restaurants
wear to enjoy the many beaches of the city. works of art. Inside the Environmental Protec- the beautiful views from up above, through a and bars with seafood delicacies.
tion Area (APA), visitors can participate in un-
Accommodation missable adventures, such as rafting, cascad-
Itacar Lighthouse
Itacar has a good and diversified hotel network, with
inns in several comfort categories and luxury resorts.

Transport
Itacar can be accessed by road via the state highway
BA-001 (known as Estrada Parque) and the federal
highway BR-324. From Salvador, follow up to Feira de
Santana, where there is a junction to BA-001. From
Ilhus, access is made directly via BA-001. There are
regular bus lines from Salvador and Ilhus to Itacar.
Another option, from Salvador, is taking the ferryboat
to Bom Despacho, in Ilha de Itaparica, and from there,

Gabriel Carvalho/Bahia Tursa


Auro Queiroz/embratur

by car or bus, follow BA-001 to Itacar. The ferryboat


departs from the Terminal So Joaquim, in the capital.

The coastline of the city, with less than 25


thousand inhabitants, is its biggest tourist at-
traction. It was first discovered by surfers, who Pontal do Mara
134 BAHIA 135

PRAIA do RESENDE by Itacars Surf Association and hosts several visit the site it is necessary to pay an individual tourist
Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), surfing events throughout the year. It also has fee of R$ 12. To avoid queues, at the final destination,
Itacars main road a skateboard track for those who want to con- it is recommended to make the payment in So Joa-
tinue the radical maneuvers out of the water. quim Terminal, before the trip. Another option is to
Near the city center, this quiet seafront has a travel in the ferryboat or boat in the So Joaquim Mar-
grass field which is an invitation to relax in late itime Terminal, near the Modelo Market in Salvador.
afternoon. Surrounded by natural pools, Resende PRAIA DE JERIBUAU The trip to Morro de So Paulo costs R$ 75 and lasts
beach also has waves for those who seek thrills. Via a trail from 9 km marker in BA-001, to Ilhus about two hours, depending on the weather conditions.

The beach is part of a farm and attracts both Near Salvador, Morro de So Paulo is located in
PRAIA DA TIRIRICA those who seek waves and those who want to Ilha Tinhar, which is part of Cairu. With a stra-

Auro Queiroz/embratur
Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), swim in freshwaters. It is also possible to trav- tegic location, the site was the scene of many
Itacars main road el in a canoe through mangroves, in the river battles against the Dutch, who tried to invade
Jeribuau, and visit the Cachoeira da Usina. the Baa de Todos os Santos in the 16th century.
It is considered one of the best beaches in the These trips must be paid separately and ac- The Praia do Forte is located here, one of the
country for surfing. Tiririca beach is protected companied by a guide. most popular among tourists in the state and
one of the best known species protection area Beach in Morro de So Paulo

in Bahia. It also offers beach options for those


BOATS ARRIVING AT
Morro de So Paulo who enjoy diving and water sports.
PRAIA DO FORTE
Via Estrada do Coco or Linha Verde Gamboa

Besides the beautiful scenery and the clear


waters which are good for swimming, Praia do
Forte also has an environmental importance.
The main base of the Projeto Tamar is located
within its 14 km of seafront, a project dedicated
to studying and protecting the sea turtles. You
cant drive to the beach. From the pier in Morro
de So Paulo, the beach it can only be accessed
on foot or by boat. The scenery is beautiful and
the beach also has kiosks.

Auro Queiroz/embratur
Primeira Praia (First Beach)
By boat, from the pier in Morro de So Paulo

The main beach in the village, popular among


water sports fans and divers, has an excellent
MORRO DE SO PAULO Accommodation tourist infrastructure, with several shops, inns
(MUNICIPALITY OF CAIRU) Morro de So Paulo offers several inns, which can be and restaurants.
15,374 inhabitants 460.981 km 71 220 V simple or more sophisticated. As demand is very high,
it is recommended to book in advance.
Auro Queiroz/embratur

Local holidays Segunda Praia (Second Beach)


July 2: Independence of Bahia Transport On foot, from the First Beach
Road access is via BR-324, but the journey cannot be
Clothing made entirely by land. Part of it needs to be made via It is the destination for young people in Morro
Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dress- a ferryboat, from Salvador. Continue to Valena and de So Paulo; attracts beach sports fans and has
es are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear. from there continue by land to Morro de So Paulo. To Ruins of an ancient fort in Morro de Sao Paulo the largest number of kiosks at the seafront.
136 BAHIA 137

Terceira Praia (Third Beach) Quarta Praia (Fourth Beach) Memorial do Descobrimento
On foot, from the Second Beach On foot, from the Third Beach Avenida Beira-Mar, 800 - Cruzeiro. Monday to
Saturday from 8:30 am to 12:30 am and from 1:30 pm
Near the Ilha do Cait and the main diving spot, It is the largest beach on the village and the best to 5 pm. no charge
this beach is surrounded by coral reefs. Its infra- one for children. It has several natural pools for
structure is smaller than the first two beaches. diving and swimming. The memorial takes the visitors on a journey
back to 1500 and shows how the discovery of
Brazil happened. One example of what can be
seen there is a copy of the caravel in which the
explorers travelled, with explanations about
the journey and the way they stored supplies.

Tayse Arglo/Bahia Tursa


Discovery landmark with the IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora da Pedra in
the background

CENTRO HISTRICO
Trevo do Cabral. 24 hours daily. no charge

To learn more about the history of Brazil it is


essential to visit the Centro Histrico of Porto
Seguro. This is the city where Brazil was born

Leticia dos santos


and where the first buildings of the country

Tayse Arglo/Bahia Tursa


are located. Three churches and around 40
Passarela
do lcool renovated buildings form the village where the
country began to develop.

PORTO SEGURO Transport
Carava Beach
126,929 inhabitants 2,408.492 km The highways BR-101 and BR-367 provide access to the
73 220 V city. There are bus lines connecting the city to the main
Brazilian capitals. Porto Seguro has an airport which re- Passarela do lcool
Local holidays ceives domestic flights from the main Brazilian airlines. Avenida Passarela do lcool - Centro 24 hours
April 22: Discovery of Brazil daily. No charge. no restriction during the day.
June 30: Porto Seguro Anniversary It was in this region where Pedro lvares Cabral in the evenings it is not recommended for children
July 2: Independence of Bahia arrived in 1500, in the lands that would become
September 8: Nossa Senhora da Penhas day Brazil. However, Porto Seguro only became a Despite the name, during the day, the footbridge
city in 1534. It was declared a historic site by is like an open air shopping center and a tour-
Clothing the National Institute of Historical and Cultural ist attraction which both adults and children
Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dress- Heritage in 1976, due to its obvious importance. can enjoy. Here there are restaurants, bars and
es are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear. Tourism is the main activity in the city, which shops selling souvenirs from the city, such as
Tayse Arglo/Bahia Tursa

is noticeable while walking around the city. shirts and handicrafts. In the evenings stalls
Accommodation Besides the beautiful beaches and preserved serving typical drinks are set up and there are
In Porto Seguro, tourists can choose between inns in buildings, from the discovery era, the city also free shows. At this time it is not recommended
several categories, resorts and hotels. As the demand is hosts several festivities. Porto Seguro is the for children. The most popular drink in the city
very high during the beginning and end of the year, it is capital of ax, a rhythm created in Bahia which is available here, the famous Capeta, made from
recommended to book in advance. accompanies all the carnivals Porto Seguro Lighthouse vodka, condensed milk and guarana powder.
138 BAHIA 139

PRAIA DO CURURIPE PRAIA DE RIO DOS MANGUES Transport handicrafts and designer clothing. The site also
From Avenida dos Navegantes (downtown), turn left From Avenida dos Navegantes (downtown), turn left It is made by car or taxi, from Porto Seguro. The high- houses the Igreja de So Joo Batista, one of
at Avenida Vinte e Dois de Abril. Continue through at Avenida Vinte and Dois de Abril. Continue through way to Trancoso is the BR-367. the oldest churches in Brazil and an important
Avenida Beira Mar for about two kilometers Avenida Beira Mar for about 7 km tourist attraction in the city.
Although it has a simple aura, Trancoso is a
The beach has warm water natural pools and Also known as Barramares, the beach has sports busy location and has some of the most luxuri-
calm waves at low tide. The site is popular among equipment for rent, from soccer to kayaking and ous inns and buildings of Bahia. Initially a Jesuit Terravista Golf
tourists travelling as a family, seeking some peace ultralight aircraft. The waters are good for swim- village, known as So Joo Batista dos ndios, Estrada Municipal de Trancoso, km 18. Monday
and quiet. It has a good tourist infrastructure. ming and there are also bars and kiosks. the village became well known in the 1970s, to Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. price of services
when young hippies went to its beaches to start on request.
a new life near the untouched nature. The site
Trancoso
experienced a big growth in tourism, its main This is one of the biggest golf courses in the coun-
economic activity, in the last few years. Here, try, with 18 holes. At the site, visitors can enjoy
visitors have the opportunity to visit exclusive the course and can also learn how to play. Equip-
and untouched beaches, and also enjoy the so- ments are available for rental and purchase.
phistication of boutique shops and restaurants
with international cuisine.

Jota Freitas/Arquivo Setur/Bahia tursa


Felipe Gombossy/embratur
Auro Queiroz/embratur

Shops and restaurants at the famous square of Trancoso Golf course overlooking the sea

TRANCOSO Clothing
(MUNICIPALITY OF PORTO SEGURO) Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dress- Quadrado Itapororoca
73 220 V es are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear. Centro Histrico. no charge. By car, from the village

Local holidays Accommodation The main square in the citys historic center It is a wild beach with restricted access due to a
April 22: Discovery of Brazil Trancoso is one of the most sophisticated destina- is known as Quadrado, a place where people luxury condominium. It has a large forest with
June 30: Porto Seguro Anniversary tions in Bahia, with inns and luxury resorts designed walk by all day long, mainly during late after- fruit trees which adorn the small beach with
July 2: Independence of Bahia by great architects. There are high quality condomini- noon and evening. The old houses on the site calm and clear waters. Only guests can use the
September 8: Nossa Senhora da Penhas day ums, with summer houses, available for tourists. became bars, restaurants and shops which sell tourist facilities on the site.
140 BAHIA 141

PRAIA DO ESPELHO Patimirim


On foot, from the village, by the seafront

The beach is popular among people who seek tran-


quility or good waves. It doesnt have accommoda-
tion infrastructure, restaurants or bathrooms.

Nativos
On foot, from the Quadrado

The main beach in Trancoso is one of the busi-

Felipe Gombossy/embratur
est beaches in the region. It has calm waters
and natural pools which are ideal to spend the
day in family. Each end of the beach has a creek
for those who want to relax in freshwaters, and
the beach has the most complete tourist infra-

Felipe Gombossy/embratur
structure with several bars hotels and kiosks. Umbrella on one of the beaches of Trancoso

Curupe (Espelho)
By car, from the village, to Carava. The road is
in poor condition and may become impassable during
the rainy season. The entry is made through the main
door of Condomnio Outeiro das Brisas, where it is
possible to park, and walk 1 km to the beach

This is a preserved beach with reefs and calm


waters. It used to be an old fishermens village,
the houses still retain its original features. It

Roberto Faria/embratur
has a large grass field and palm trees, which
provide a good place to relax in late afternoon,
and a good tourist infrastructure with inns,
bars and restaurants. Bob de camaro,
a typical dish of
Bahian cuisine

PRAIA Do RIO DA BARRA


On foot, by the seafront, heading north from the village Africa at the table
When talking about the Brazilian gastronomy it is palm oil to Brazil. With the work of the African
Auro Queiroz/embratur

The beach has beautiful scenery, mostly due to impossible not to mention delicacies such as acara- women in the masterss kitchens these dishes and
its red and white cliffs. These were the natural j, abar, caruru, vatap, farofa and mungunz. spices began to mix with others of Portuguese ori-
monuments Pero Vaz de Caminha, the secre- These are all dishes of African origin and they were gin. Utensils such as wooden spoons and clay pots
tary of Pedro lvares Cabral, described in the originally offered to deities during religious cults. become common. From this tasty combination a
letter on the discovery of Brazil. The beach has The slave traders also brought peppers, banana and cuisine with many colors and flavors was born.
restaurants, bathrooms, bars and parking. IGREJA DE So Joo, in Trancoso
143
tratamento - subir cu

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
Buggy ride on the
DUNES of Cumbuco

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CE-060
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of sun, beaches and delicious aromas. The re- and Padre Ibiapina. 404 CE-187
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by bars and restaurants, as Cumbuco and Porto producers in the country, thanks to its strong BR
CE-145
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to contribute with a tip or an explanation of providing a model of clean energy, the winds BR
226
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the local delicacies. also attract those who enjoy sports such as CE-176
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226
do norte
CE-187 CE-205
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116

serving crab in diverse recipes: grilled with lem- Cup, Cear is exerting even more care in the CE-187 CE-169
CE-060
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CE-275

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CE-371
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CE-153
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CE-375 404
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BR
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CE-292
CE-055
CE-292
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Geographic information BR do norte international airport
122

tropical NATIONAL airport

average of 27 C (80,6 F) BR
116
national highways
mangroves and scrub State Highways
CE-297
pernambuco
146 cear 147

View of the The city was founded in 1726 on the banks of Teatro Jos de Alencar
seafront
at Iracema the Rio Paje, and currently has more than two Rua Liberato Barroso, 525 Praa Jos de Alencar -
million inhabitants. The Capital of Cear is one Centro. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 5 pm. Sat-
of the venues for the 2014 World Cup, and is urdays and Sundays from 12 am to 5 pm.
undergoing several improvements to its urban
and tourist infrastructure. Besides the beach- The theater is an artistic reference center in the
es, Fortaleza also has other natural attractions States culture and is one of the main example
that enchant its visitors, such as the Reserva of eclectic architecture in Brazil (it includes a
Ecolgica de Sabiaguaba. Museums, churches room in Art Nouveau style). The institution has
and squares make up part of a tourist circuit six stages - two indoor and four in the Burle
that has made the town popular with Brazilian Marx gardens, one of these being on the theater
tourists in recent years. sidewalk, facing Praa Jos de Alencar.

TEATRO JOS DE ALENCAR


Catedral Metropolitana
Praa da S - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from
8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from
8 am to 12 am. no charge

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Secretaria de Turismo do Ceara


The Parquia So Jos, also known as the Cat-
edral Metropolitana, was built to replace the
Igreja da S, demolished due to risk of collaps-
ing. Construction took 40 years. The cathedral
has attractive stained glass windows and im-
posing dimensions - it has capacity to hold
FORTALEZA Fortaleza also has air connections with the major cit- around five thousand people.
2,452,185 inhabitants 314,927 km ies in Brazil; the airport is only 6 km from the center.
85 220 V
Within the city Av.
Pre 9 FORTALEZA
Av. s.
Local holidays Getting around town is facilitated by 247 regular bus Fran Castelo 8 1 Estdio Castelo
cisc Bra 2 Pinto Martins Interna-
o S nco
March 19: So Joss day lines, including 22 that operate after midnight. Urban 4 tional Airport

a
7

ab
5

Av.
mpaio 3 Parque Adail Barreto
March 25: End of slavery in Cear Transport Company in Fortaleza: Tel. (85) 3452-9205 inio Sa

ng
. Herm Av. 6 4 Iracema

Dio
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August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunos day Av. Srg San 5 Meireles

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Light clothing suitable for hot weather. Caps or hats 10 Praia do Futuro

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Av 11 Sabiaguaba
are recommended for protection from the sun. 3 12 Universidade

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Accommodation

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tels in various categories and inns. There is an ex- Par

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Francisco Chagas/Embratur

tensive offer of rooms throughout the City, but the

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Access to the City can be by air, car or bus. The high-

.P
Av
ways leading to Fortaleza are the BR-222 and BR-116. Mosaic of the CENTRO CULTURAL DRAGO DO MAR
148 cear 149

Centro Drago do Mar one of the most important in the entire State.
de Arte e Cultura (CDMAC) The institution houses a cinema, a planetar-
Rua Drago do Mar, 81 - Praia de Iracema. Tues- ium, the Museu de Arte Contempornea, the Cear gastronomy
day to Friday from 8:30 am to 9:30 pm. Saturdays and Memorial da Cultura Cearense and the Escola The Cear kitchen makes maximum use of the
Sundays from 2:30 pm to 9:30 pm. no charge. de Arte Thomaz Pompeu Sobrinho. Nights be- abundance of fish and seafood in the State, which
come animated when the numerous bars and are the basis of local cuisine. Cear fish stew,
This Cultural Center is located in an area of restaurants in the Cultural Center open their cooked with local fish and prepared in a sauce of
more than 30 thousand square meters, and is doors. Many have live music. fresh vegetables, is the most traditional dish in
Fortaleza. Lobster is another more sophisticated
option. Away from the beach, the baio de dois (a
Fortaleza Nossa Senhora da Assuno mixture of chickpea, rice, clarified butter, coriander

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
Avenida Alberto Nepomuceno - Centro. Monday and dried beef) and recipes using pequi (a strong-
to Thursday from 9:30 am to 11:30 am and 1:30 pm smelling yellow seed used to spice rice and meat)
to 4:30 pm. Friday from 8 am to 12 am. Saturday and are the delight of tourists who choose to visit the
Sunday from 9 am to 1 pm. no charge. interior of Cear. For dessert, choose typical re-
gional fruits such as cashew, plum, sapodilla, eaten
Francisco Chagas/Embratur

This beautiful fortress on Monte Marajaitiba either whole or used in ice cream.
Traditional Cear lobster
served as a stronghold during the Dutch inva-
sion of Brazil. Even after the expulsion of the
Europeans the fortress continued its role of pro- Praia do Futuro Museu da Cachaa
tecting the City. It is currently the home of the From the center take the Avenida Washington Stio Ypica - Manguape. Tuesday to Sun-
Drago do Mar Cultural Center 10th Army Military Region HQ. Soares then Avenida Edilson Brasil Soares. Taking a day from 9 am to 5 pm. age for visits and over.
bus is another option (the lines are Papicu / Praia do for tastings
Futuro and Corujo / Praia do Futuro / Caa e Pesca)
Fortaleza Metropolitan Region Part of the Parque Ypica tourist complex, is lo-
The Praia do Futuro is the largest in the city, 25 cated in a mansion built between 1851 and 1854. It
km long and popular for bathing and diving. recalls the history of one of the leading manufac-
Atlantic Ocean
So Gonalo Besides taking advantage of its natural beauty, turers of cachaa in Brazil. The collection includes
do Amarante the visitor is served by good facilities, with food documents, maps, photos, machinery, bottles and
and drink kiosks with playgrounds and stages kegs. Visitors can experiment Brazils most popu-
Caucaia for live shows. lar drink in Brazil, direct from the distillery.
Fortaleza

Praia do Futuro
Maracana
Eusbio

Pacatuba Aquiraz
Itaitinga
Maranguape

Pindoretama
Guaiba Horizonte
Cascavel
Pacajus

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
Chorozinho
150 cear 151

RESERVA NATURAL DE SAPIRANGA it to the attention of Brazil and the world,


Rua Coronel Olegrio Memria, 3,300 - Sapir- becoming one of the most visited beaches in
anga. Tuesday to saturday, from 8 am to 5 pm. Cear. Located in the Municipality of Aracati,
no charge the village offers serenity during the day and

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
animation at night.
Within its 60 hectares this private nature reserve
houses much of the Coau river, which flows into
the Rio Coc. Here it is possible to see aratus (a Village Center
crustacean similar to crab) amid the mangroves, Center of Canoa Quebrada
as well as migratory birds such as the sandpiper.
The center of the village is an ideal place to dis- PRAIA FORMOSA with a wind farm in the background

cover Cear crafts and to purchase souvenirs


Praia de Iracema such as lace and the famous bottles with deco- Cliffs
Via Avenida Beira Mar or Avenida Rui Barbosa rative colored sand. Here visitors can also check On foot via the sands
the work produced of local artists operating out
Located in a prime residential area of Fortale- of special houses scattered around the village, as The wall of red cliffs is the main natural attrac-
za, the beach was named in honor of one of well as enjoying seafood dishes served by local tion in the village. The magnificent landscape
the main characters in local literature, coming restaurants and bars. For those who like to party enchants tourists, especially because of the

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
from a novel by Jos de Alencar. Its waters are Broadway, the main street in the village, is the symbol engraved on them - a half moon and
not recommended for bathing, but the area de- place to be later in the evening, when the street is star. There are several legends about the origin
serves a visit to see a beautiful renovated house taken over by forr, a rhythm originating from the of the inscriptions in the rock formation, such
and its bars and famous restaurants, shops and Northeast of Brazil that has its roots in the Euro- as French muslim who carved the symbols of
the Centro Cultural Drago do Mar, one of the pean polka and the tor, a Brazilian indigenous his faith in the stone, to ask forgiveness from
Canoa Quebrada
icons of local culture. dance. This is a beat that gets visitors to their feet. Allah for his excesses while in Canoa Quebrada.

CANOA QUEBRADA So Joo festivals


69,159 inhabitants (Aracati) 1,247,301 km in Cear are among
the most typical
85 220 V in the Northeast

Local holidays
March 19: So Joss day
March 25: End of slavery in Cear
August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunos day

Accommodation
Canoa Quebrada accommodates its visitors in inns, and
there are also rooms on offer in fishermens cottages. Folk Festivals
As with other Northeastern states, the So Joo
Transport festivities in Cear attract large numbers of
Car and bus access is via BR-116 and BR-304. The tourists in search of dances such as forr, and the
village does not have a bus station. The closest airport food and fun typical of this time of year. Carni-
to Canoa Quebrada is Pinto Martins International val is another important festival in all the towns
Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Airport in Fortaleza. in Cear. The Jazz & Blues Festival is also well
Collection of Setur CE

known, held every year in Guaramiranga in the


With its small population and great natural Cear hills (110 km from the capital) and also in
beauty, Canoa Quebrada is literally cinematic. Fortaleza during the month of February.
Its discovery by French filmmakers from the
IRACEMA BEACH
Nouvelle Vague movement in the 60s brought
152 cear 153

Cumbuco sand dunes Beach Dunes


From Fortaleza exit via Avenida Beira Mar, pass- Praia do Cumbuco. price of services on re-
ing the bridge that crosses Barra do Cear. Continue quest. It is common for travel agencies offer dis-
along the CE-090 past the beaches at Icara, Barra counts for groups
Nova and Tabuba until reaching Cumbuco
A trip through the dunes at Praia do Cumbuco
The beach has warm waters suitable for bathing is practically mandatory. The most common
and has excellent tourist infrastructure - as well tour is to hire the services of local agency and
as being a visual paradise. The site attracts kite- do the trip in a beach buggy, but the dunes can
surfers from around the world due to its ideal be visited in other ways.
characteristics (good winds and medium waves).

Fotos do mundo

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
CUMBUCO Cumbuco beach is located in Caucaia, next to
324,738 inhabitants (Caucaia) 1,223,796 km Fortaleza, and is highly popular with the young-

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
85 220 V er generation from across the world. During the
day visitors can take trips through the dunes, or
Local holidays practice water sports. But at night the village is
March 19: So Joss day also busy, with plenty of activity in restaurants,
Cumbuco sand dunes
March 25: End of slavery in Cear bars and parties.
August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunos day
Lagamar de Caupe

Accommodation Shopping - Avenida Beira Mar


The village has a few inns, however there is accom- Lagamar de Caupe and Avenida Monsignor Tabosa
modation available in the town of Caucaia, the mu- Praia do Cumbuco - Tabuba. the trips are made For those wishing to shop in the City, Avenida
nicipality in which the village is located. during the day, at times to be agreed in advance with Beira Mar and Avenida Monsignor Tabosa are
the guide. this can vary depending on group size two excellent options. The first has several ki-
Clothing osks and stalls with local souvenirs, such as the
Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Light clothing suitable for hot weather. Caps or hats This location that was declared an environmen- famous arrangements of colored sand in bottles,
are recommended for protection from the sun. tal reserve to protect the coastal plain ecosys- pottery and leather hats. Reserve an afternoon
tems that still exist in the area. Tourists can or evening for the outing. Avenida Monsignor
Transport take ecotours in the region to admire nature Tabosa has numerous shops selling clothing and
Cumbuco is just 41 km from Fortaleza and is easily and enjoy the scenery, provided that they do footwear, especially crochet items. All at an af-
accessible by taxi or by renting a car. The highways not spoil the location on their passage through fordable price and with friendly Cear service.
leading to the beach are the CE-090 or CE-085. Cumbuco the area. Hiring a local guide is recommended.
154 cear 155

Pedra Furada, Pedra Furada


Jericoacoara
Rua da Matriz - Praia da Malhada. daily,
24 hours. no charge

This rock formation is located at the outcrop


that commences at the end of Praia da Mala-
da, and is a symbol of the town. Between June
and August the setting sun aligns with a hole
formed in the rock, providing visitors with a
unique visual experience.

Divulgao/Setur CE

Collection of Setur CE
JERICOACOARA in the early 17th century, but only became a vil-
Tatajuba lagoons
17,002 inhabitants 204,792 km 88 220 V lage some 200 years later, and to this day it is
still only a part of the Municipality of Acara.
Local holidays The town is one of the major tourist destinations Tatajuba
March 19: So Joss day in the State and has capacity to accommodate 25 km from the center of Tatajuba. tours should
March 25: End of slavery in Cear more than two thousand visitors. Besides the be scheduled with a guide or a travel agency in Jijoca.
August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunos day beautiful beaches and sights such as the Igreja no charge for visits to the village. Seek a quote
de Santa Luzia, nature it the main attraction. An from a local tourism agency or guide for transporta-
Clothing Environmental Protection Area (APA) was cre- tion from Jijoca to the site

Collection of Setur CE
Light clothes and sandals are the best option to ated in 1984 to preserve the regions beauty.
face the heat. This fishing village is part of the Jericoacoara
Environmental Protection Area (APA). Visitors
Accommodation can enjoy bathing in the sea or in pools of crys-
The town offers the tourist a wide choice inns, rang- tal-clear water, as well as visiting the dunes.
Detail of Pedra Furada, Jericoacoara
ing from simple to sophisticated. There are also several The best way to visit the area is to rent a beach
fishermen that rent their homes to families or groups buggy, preferably with a specialized guide.
during the high season - an interesting option for those Lagoa de Jijoca
seeking a more authentic form of accommodation. Lagoa de Jijoca. no charge for visits to the la-
goons. the journey in a beach buggy Mangue Seco
Transport Praia Mangue Seco. to be agreed with the guide
Fortaleza is the starting point for the visits to Jijoca Sitting between the deep blue sea and a paradi- or travel agency. no charge for the visit, however
de Jericoacoara. Tourists can choose between bus, siacal coastline, the lagoon was formed by a dam tours and transfers must be negotiated with a tourist
jeep, car or even a beach buggy - taking the beach on the Paraguai and Mouro streams. Its waters agency or guide for transportation from Jijoca
for the whole journey. The highway to Jericoacoara are warm and clear, perfect for swimming. In the
Collection of Setur CE

is the CE-085. first lagoon tourists will encounter shoals of fish This site has a lagoon in the middle of the
in the waters. In the second there is plenty of fa- dunes surrounded by a small strip of mangrove.
Jijoca de Jericoacoara is one of the newest mu- cilities to serve tourists as well as fishermen and One of the popular activities is to take a boat
nicipalities in Brazil, founded just over 20 years water sports enthusiasts. It is recommended to trip to see the seahorses. The tour must be done
ago. The region was colonized by the Portuguese Canoes on the beach at Jericoacoara visit with a beach buggy and a local guide. in the company of an expert local guide.
156 cear 157

Seafront, This village is located in the Municipality of Be-


Morro Branco
beribe, 79 km from Fortaleza. In Morro Branco
visitors can take beach buggy rides through the
labyrinth of trails around Morro Branco formed
by sand dunes and erosion of the cliffs. A trip on
a jangada - the regional raft - amidst unspoilt
nature and clear waters is another option.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
PRAIA DE MORRO BRANCO with the cliffs in the background

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
Labirinto do Morro Branco
Praia do Morro Branco. no charge. The cost of
beach buggy rides should be discussed with a guide or

Francisco Chagas/Embratur
local tourist agency.

The labyrinth is part of Praia do Morro Branco, and


is formed by the walls of sandstone cliffs, where
MORRO BRANCO tourists can see the naturally colored sands. It
49,334 inhabitants (Beberibe) 1,623,881 km
Cliffs form the Morro Branco maze provide an impressive sight. Guides are optional.
85 220 V

Local holidays
March 19: So Joss day
March 25: End of slavery in Cear Handicrafts
August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunos day Among the treasures of Cear crafts, some of
the legacies from Portuguese colonization stand
Clothing out, such as crochet, bobbin lace (a delicate fab-
Light clothing suitable for the heat. A hat or cap are ric made by hand on a pad with wires guided by
recommended for protection from the sun. small pieces of wood), crochet and embroidery of
various kinds. Carefully made landscapes crafted
Accommodation in bottles of colored sand are also a popular lo-
Morro Branco offers few options for those seeking ac- cal craft. Cear art is internationally famous for
commodation. Visitors should seek inns or houses for sculptures, vases, fruit bowls and platters molded
Francisco Chagas/Embratur

rent in Beberibe, which is part of the same municipality. in clay (typically coming from the Ibiapaba re-

Collection of Setur CE
gion) as well as objects made from leather and
Transport straw, such as hats. In most towns in Cear these
The trip to Beberibe and Morro Branco should be made souvenirs can be found in shopping areas, such as
departing from Fortaleza via CE-040. The beach is the Mercado de Artesanato Beira-Mar and Casa Traditional
Cear bobbin lace
only 3 km from the center of Beberibe. It is also pos- do Artesenato in Fortaleza.
sible to make the journey by inter-municipal bus. Morro Branco beach
congresso nacional

Banco de imagens do Ministerio do Turimo


FEDERAL
DISTRITO
159
160 DISTRITO FEDERAL 161

Distrito Federal
T
hroughout the 20th century several initia- for providing part of this infrastructure for the
tives were taken to migrate the Federal residents. Considered as prime areas in Brasilia,
capital to the interior of Brazil, however the South Wing and North Wing have residen-
the move did not begin to take shape until 1955, tial buildings created by Lcio Costa. The two
when a proposal was put forward by the then neighborhoods offer shopping malls, restau-
presidential candidate, Juscelino Kubitschek. rants, parks and luxury shopping. The Asa Sul
Elected in 1956, JK initiated the planning and (South Wing) has one of the largest urban parks
construction of the new capital in the same year. in the world - Sarah Kubitschek, while the Asa 330 205 205
The site chosen was the countrys central pla- Norte (North Wing) is home to the main cam- 205 170 335
330 345
251 400 130
teau, and in accordance with his wishes the Cap- pus of the Universidade Federal de Brasilia. 205 010 405
ital was projected to represent the expression of Both the North and South Wings were listed as 330 235 13
220
national culture, with modern and unique archi- World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1987. 150 030 14 405 110
tecture and without any foreign influence. Fur- Within the Asa Sul is 308 Sul, the block used as 001 410 105
415 420 020
thermore, it should demonstrate a new architec- a model for the construction of other city blocks 080
445 12 230
100
tural statement, the Brasilia style. in Brasilia: it was arranged to offer delimited ar- 430
4 010
440 330
Within months the population tripled, mainly eas providing all the infrastructure necessary to 001 EP
435 PR
because of the number of men and women com- meet the needs of its residents. It is one of the

03
-0
240 251 475 320

DF
1
ing from around the country to work in construc- most popular tourist sights in the city. It is home 10 097 250
180 204
tion - who were given the name candangos. to historic structures, such as the Clube Unidade 3
17 455 355 310
Although it had not been anticipated by the Gov- de Vizinhana - Neighborhood Unit Club, School 070 9 095
087
5
8 320
ernment, these workers settled in new satellite Classroom, School Park courts, Kindergarten, the 6 355
085 25
towns around the capital. Three and a half years 508 Sul Cultural Center, Health Center and Public -0 DF-250
225
2 DF
190
later, on April 21st, 1960, Brasilia was inaugurated, Library. This is the only block to have landscaping 15 075
7
180 465 16
with JKs vision of modernity being embodied in designed by Burle Marx. Another city attraction 11