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IEEE Standard Specifications for High-

Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting,


and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with
Rated Voltages from 1 kV through
TM

38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt


Capacitors
C37.43

IEEE Power Engineering Society


Sponsored by the
Switchgear Committee

IEEE
3 Park Avenue IEEE Std C37.43-2008
New York, NY 10016-5997, USA

25 July 2008

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IEEE Std C37.43-2008

IEEE Standard Specifications for High-


Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting,
and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with
Rated Voltages from 1 kV through
38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt
Capacitors

Sponsor

Switchgear Committee
of the
IEEE Power & Energy Society

Approved 12 June 2008


IEEE-SA Standards Board

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Abstract: Specifications for high-voltage (above 1000 V) distribution and power class expulsion,
current-limiting, and combination-type external capacitor fuses and accessories, with rated
voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, for protecting shunt capacitors complying with IEEE Std 18-
2002 and NEMA CP 1-2000, are established in this standard. All of these devices are intended
for use on ac systems. These fuses may be used with capacitor units, groups of units, or entire
capacitor banks.
Keywords: current-limiting fuses, distribution class fuses, expulsion fuses, fuse, fuse applications,
fuse enclosure packages, high-voltage fuses, power class fuses, shunt capacitor

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USA

Copyright 2008 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


All rights reserved. Published 25 July 2008. Printed in the United States of America.

IEEE is a registered trademark in the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, owned by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Incorporated.

PDF: ISBN 978-0-7381-5780-1 STD95812


Print: ISBN 978-0-7381-5781-8 STDPD95812

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Introduction

This introduction is not part of IEEE Std C37.43-2008, IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion,
Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV
through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors.

This document is a new IEEE standard covering specifications for high-voltage distribution and power
class expulsion, current-limiting, and combination types of external fuses for shunt capacitors. This
standard was prepared by the IEEE Subcommittee on High-Voltage Fuses. Liaison was maintained with the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) during the development of the revisions in order to
incorporate the latest thinking up to the time of publication.

This standard is one of a series of complementary standards covering various types of high-voltage fuses
and switches, arranged so that certain standards apply to all devices while other standards provide
additional specifications for a particular device. For any device, IEEE Std C37.40-2003, IEEE Std
C37.41-2000, plus an additional specification standard covering that device, constitute a complete set of
standards for the device.a In addition, IEEE Std C37.48-2005 is an application, operation, and
maintenance guide for all the devices, and IEEE Std C37.48.1-2002 provides additional guidelines for
current-limiting fuses.

The following standards make up this series:

ANSI C37.42-1996, American National Standard Specification for High-Voltage Expulsion Type
Distribution Class Fuses, Cutouts, Fuse Disconnecting Switches and Fuse Links.
ANSI C37.46-2000, American National Standard for High Voltage Expulsion and Current-Limiting
Type Power Class Fuses and Fuse Disconnecting Switches.
ANSI C37.47-2000, American National Standard for High Voltage Current-Limiting Type
Distribution Class Fuses and Fuse Disconnecting Switches.
IEEE Std C37.40-2003, IEEE Standard Service Conditions and Definitions for High-Voltage
Fuses, Distribution Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and
Accessories.
IEEE Std C37.41-2000, IEEE Standard Design Tests for High-Voltage Fuses, Distribution
Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and Accessories.
IEEE Std C37.45-2006, IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Distribution Class
Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 8.3 kV. (See [B1].)b
IEEE Std C37.48-2005, IEEE Guide for Application, Operation, and Maintenance of High
Voltage Fuses, Distribution Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and
Accessories.
IEEE Std C37.48.1-2002, IEEE Guide for the Operation, Classification, Application, and
Coordination of Current-Limiting Fuses with Rated Voltages from 138 kV.

a
Information on references can be found in Clause 2.
b
The numbers in brackets correspond to those of the bibliography in Annex A.

iv
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Notice to users

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Patents
Attention is called to the possibility that implementation of this standard may require use of subject matter
covered by patent rights. By publication of this standard, no position is taken with respect to the existence
or validity of any patent rights in connection therewith. The IEEE is not responsible for identifying
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Participants
At the time this standard was submitted to the IEEE-SA Standards Board for approval, the Revision of Fuse
Specification Standards Working Group had the following membership:

Mark W. Stavnes, Chair


Frank J. Muench, Secretary

Chris Ambrose Frank Ladonne Carl Reigart


Glenn R. Borchardt John G. Leach Timothy E. Royster
Sheila Brown James R. Marek John S. Schaffer
Dan Gardner Sean W. Moody John G. St. Clair
Gary W. Hayes R. Neville Parry Jan A. Zawadzki

The following members of the individual balloting committee voted on this standard. Balloters may have
voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.

William J. Ackerman Manuel Gonzalez T. Olsen


Chris Ambrose Keith Gray R. Neville Parry
J. Angelis Randall Groves Iulian Profir
Adam Bagby John Harder Michael Roberts
Robert Barnett Gary Heuston Charles Rogers
Steven Bezner R. Jackson Joseph R. Rostron
William Bloethe Joseph L. Koepfinger Thomas Rozek
Glenn R. Borchardt Jim Kulchisky Steven Sano
Steven Brockschink Chung-Yiu Lam Bartien Sayogo
Chris Brooks Stephen Lambert James E. Smith
Ted Burse John G. Leach Jerry Smith
Thomas Callsen Albert Livshitz Mark E. Stavnes
Tommy Cooper Federico Lopez S. Telander
F. A. Denbrock Frank W. Mayle John Vergis
Alexander Dixon Georges Montillet Waldemar Von Miller
Donald Dunn Jerry Murphy Kenneth White
Gearold O. H. Eidhin Jeffrey Nelson James Wilson
Gary Engmann Arthur Neubauer Larry Yonce
Marcel Fortin Michael S. Newman Jan A. Zawadzki
Fredric Friend Ahmed Zobaa

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When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this standard on 12 June 2008, it had the following
membership:
Robert M. Grow, Chair
Thomas Prevost, Vice Chair
Steve M. Mills, Past Chair
Judith Gorman, Secretary

Victor Berman Jim Hughes Ron Petersen


Richard DeBlasio Richard Hulett Chuck Powers
Andy Drozd Young Kyun Kim Narayanan Ramachandran
Mark Epstein Joseph L. Koepfinger* Jon Walter Rosdahl
Alexander Gelman John Kulick Anne-Marie Sahazizian
William Goldbach David J. Law Malcolm Thaden
Arnie Greenspan Glenn Parsons Howard Wolfman
Ken Hanus Don Wright

*Member Emeritus

Also included are the following nonvoting IEEE-SA Standards Board liaisons:

Satish K. Aggarwal, NRC Representative


Michael H. Kelley, NIST Representative

Lisa Perry
IEEE Standards Project Editor

Matthew J. Ceglia
IEEE Standards Program Manager, Technical Program Development

vii
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Contents

1. Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................... 1


1.2 Background.......................................................................................................................................... 2

2. Normative references.................................................................................................................................. 2

3. General rating information ......................................................................................................................... 3

3.1 Ratings of capacitor fuse supports ....................................................................................................... 3


3.2 Ratings of fuseholders, fuses, fuse units, refill units, and fuse links for capacitor fuses ..................... 4
3.3 Preferred ratings and performance requirements ................................................................................. 4

4. Design test requirements ............................................................................................................................ 8

4.1 Dielectric tests ..................................................................................................................................... 8


4.2 Interrupting [breaking] tests ................................................................................................................ 8
4.3 Radio-influence tests ........................................................................................................................... 9
4.4 Temperature-rise tests.......................................................................................................................... 9
4.5 Time-current tests ................................................................................................................................ 9

5. Time-current-characteristic requirements for capacitor fuse refill units, fuse units, and fuse links ......... 10

5.1 General .............................................................................................................................................. 10


5.2 Melting current tolerance................................................................................................................... 10

6. Conformance test requirements for capacitor fuses.................................................................................. 10

7. Construction requirements for capacitor fuses ......................................................................................... 10

8. Nameplate marking requirements............................................................................................................. 10

8.1 Fuses, fuse units, and fuseholders for capacitor fuses ....................................................................... 10
8.2 Fuse links and refill units................................................................................................................... 11
8.3 Fuse supports ..................................................................................................................................... 11
8.4 Additional information ...................................................................................................................... 11

9. Application requirements ......................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) Bibliography ........................................................................................................... 12

viii
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IEEE Standard Specifications for High-
Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting,
and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with
Rated Voltages from 1 kV through
38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt
Capacitors

IMPORTANT NOTICE: This standard is not intended to assure safety, security, health, or environmental
protection in all circumstances. Implementers of the standard are responsible for determining appropriate
safety, security, environmental, and health practices or regulatory requirements.

This IEEE document is made available for use subject to important notices and legal disclaimers. These
notices and disclaimers appear in all publications containing this document and may be found under the
heading Important Notice or Important Notices and Disclaimers Concerning IEEE Documents. They
can also be obtained on request from IEEE or viewed at http://standards.ieee.org/IPR/disclaimers.html.

1. Overview

1.1 Scope

This standard establishes specifications for high-voltage (above 1000 V) distribution and power class
expulsion, current-limiting, and combination-type external capacitor fuses and accessories, with rated
voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, for protecting shunt capacitors complying with IEEE Std 18-20021
and NEMA CP 1-2000. All of these devices are intended for use on ac systems. These fuses may be used
with capacitor units, groups of units, or entire banks and include specific capacitor line [group] and
capacitor unit fuse types as follows:

a) Current-limiting fuses
b) Expulsion fuses

1
Information on references can be found in Clause 2.

1
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

c) Combination of current-limiting and expulsion fuses


d) Fuse supports, fuse mountings, and accessories used with fuses of type a), type b), and type c)
e) Current-limiting, expulsion, and combination-type capacitor fuses [type a), type b), and type c),
respectively] used in fuse enclosure packages (FEPs)

1.2 Background

The expulsion, current-limiting, and combination types of fuses listed in 1.1 are similar to those covered in
IEC 60549:1976. IEC 60549:1976 references IEC 60282-1:2002 and IEC 60282-2:1997. Use caution if
devices specified and tested per IEC standards are compared to those specified and tested per IEEE or
ANSI standards. Differences in test requirements between the two groups of standards may result in
devices tested to IEC not being suitable for applications where devices tested to IEEE/ANSI standards are
required, or vice-versa.

For definitions of fuse-specific terminology, see IEEE Std C37.40. In the headings and the text of this
standard, there will be some areas where the information is included in brackets [ ]. The information in the
brackets is a term used in IEC standards that may be similar to the term used in this standard, a term that is
common in some parts of the world, or a term that has been used previously in IEEE or ANSI standards.
Caution is advised when making comparisons.

Fuses used for the protection of shunt capacitors are either line [group] fuses or unit [individual] fuses.

Line fuses are used for the protection of one phase of a capacitor bank that may have one capacitor unit or
multiple capacitor units per phase. Line fuses are generally restricted to small capacitor banks. Some line
fuses are not used only for capacitor protection, and in many cases their major applications are for the
protection of other devices or circuit sectionalization. Because of this, many specification requirements for
line fuses are the same as those that are assigned to the particular fuse type for these other applications.
Even fuses intended to be used only as capacitor line fuses will have some requirements that are similar to
those used in these other applications. Therefore, for these specification requirements, this standard will
refer to those requirements in the appropriate fuse-type specification standard.

Unit fuses are used for the protection of one capacitor unit and are generally used in capacitor banks that
have many capacitor units per phase. Unit fuses are used only for capacitor protection and are designed so
that they are generally mounted on the bus bar of the capacitor bank. Unit fuse specification requirements
are contained completely in this standard.

2. Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document (i.e., they must
be understood and used, so each referenced document is cited in text and its relationship to this document is
explained). For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of
the referenced document (including any amendments or corrigenda) applies.

ANSI C37.42-1996, American National Standard Specification for High-Voltage Expulsion Type
Distribution Class Fuses, Cutouts, Fuse Disconnecting Switches and Fuse Links.2

ANSI C37.46-2000, American National Standard for High Voltage Expulsion and Current-Limiting Type
Power Class Fuses and Fuse Disconnecting Switches.

2
ANSI publications are available from the Sales Department, American National Standards Institute, 25 West 43rd Street, 4th Floor,
New York, NY 10036, USA (http://www.ansi.org/).

2
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

ANSI C37.47-2000, American National Standard for High Voltage Current-Limiting Type Distribution
Class Fuses and Fuse Disconnecting Switches.

IEC 60282-1:2002 (Edition 5.0), High-voltage fusesPart 1: Current-limiting fuses. 3

IEC 60282-2:1997, High-voltage fusesPart 2: Expulsion fuses.

IEC 60549:1976, High-voltage fuses for the external protection of shunt power capacitors.

IEEE Std 18-2002, IEEE Standard for Shunt Power Capacitors. 4, 5

IEEE Std C37.40-2003, IEEE Standard Service Conditions and Definitions for High-Voltage Fuses,
Distribution Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and Accessories.

IEEE Std C37.41-2000, IEEE Standard Design Tests for High-Voltage Fuses, Distribution Enclosed
Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and Accessories.

IEEE Std C37.48-2005, IEEE Guide for Application, Operation, and Maintenance of High-Voltage
Fuses, Distribution Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and Accessories.

IEEE Std C37.48.1-2002, IEEE Guide for the Operation, Classification, Application, and Coordination of
Current-Limiting Fuses with Rated Voltages 138 kV.

NEMA CP 1-2000, Shunt Capacitors. 6

3. General rating information

3.1 Ratings of capacitor fuse supports

The ratings of capacitor fuse supports shall be applicable for the service conditions specified in 3.1.1 of
IEEE Std C37.40-2003. The ratings are validated as follows:

a) Rated continuous current is validated by temperature-rise design tests at rated continuous


current as specified in 4.4.
b) Rated maximum voltage is validated by either the dielectric withstand of the insulators as
specified in 4.1 or the rated voltage interrupting tests as specified in 4.2 (whichever is lower).
c) Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage [basic impulse insulation level (BIL)] is validated by
the impulse withstand tests specified in 4.1.

It should be noted that for service conditions specified in 3.1.2 or 3.2 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003, additional
testing, to validate the rating of the device, may be required.

3
IEC publications are available from the Sales Department of the International Electrotechnical Commission, Case Postale 131, 3, rue
de Varemb, CH-1211, Genve 20, Switzerland/Suisse (http://www.iec.ch/). IEC publications are also available in the United States
from the Sales Department, American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, 13th Floor, New York, NY 10036, USA.
4
IEEE publications are available from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854,
USA (http://standards.ieee.org/).
5
The IEEE standards or products referred to in this clause are trademarks of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
6
NEMA publications are available from Global Engineering Documents, 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112, USA
(http://global.ihs.com/).

3
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

3.2 Ratings of fuseholders, fuses, fuse units, refill units, and fuse links for capacitor
fuses

The ratings of fuseholders, fuses, fuse units, refill units, and fuse links for capacitor fuses shall be
applicable for the service conditions specified in 3.1.1 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003. The ratings are validated
as follows:

a) Rated continuous currents validated by the temperature-rise design tests specified in 4.4, and if
applicable in accordance with the preferred ratings specified in 3.3.
b) Rated maximum voltages, specified in 3.3.1, are validated by the current interrupting design
tests at rated maximum voltage as specified in 4.2.
c) Rated power frequency is specified in 3.3.4.
d) Rated maximum inductive and capacitive interrupting [breaking] current and rated minimum
inductive and capacitive interrupting [breaking] current as follows:
1) Rated maximum inductive and capacitive interrupting current for fuseholders, fuses, fuse
units, and refill units, specified in 3.3.5 and 3.3.6, is validated by the current interrupting
design tests at rated maximum voltage as specified in 4.2.
2) Rated minimum inductive and capacitive interrupting current for backup current-limiting
fuses, specified in 3.3.7, is validated by the current interrupting design tests specified in 4.2.

Distribution and power class current-limiting fuses have three different subclasses that depend
on the low current interrupting capability of the fuse. The three subclasses are backup current-
limiting fuses, general-purpose current-limiting fuses, and full-range current-limiting fuses.
Only backup current-limiting fuses have a rated minimum interrupting current. The other two
types have low current capabilities as described in their definitions. Refer to IEEE Std C37.40-
2003 for the definitions of these devices.

It should be noted that for service conditions specified in 3.1.2 or 3.2 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003, additional
testing, to validate the rating of the device, may be required.

3.3 Preferred ratings and performance requirements

3.3.1 Rated maximum voltage

The preferred rated maximum voltages for future designs of capacitor fuses shall be 2.8 kV, 5.5 kV, 8.3 kV,
15.5 kV, 17.2 kV, 23 kV, 27 kV, and 38 kV. Presently there are also ratings of 1.2 kV, 1.8 kV, 2.5 kV, 3 kV,
4.3 kV, 5 kV, 8.0 kV, 9.7 kV, 10 kV, 15 kV, 16.6 kV, 20 kV, 25 kV, and 26.2 kV being manufactured and
used. The previously listed ratings apply primarily to line fuses, since unit fuses are many times designed
specifically for a particular capacitor bank. Information regarding rated maximum voltage for all capacitor
fuses is specified as follows:

a) The rated voltage (Vr) of a fuse is its rated maximum voltage. That is, the maximum power
frequency voltage at which it is intended to be applied.
b) When a fuse is subjected to power-frequency capacitive currents, it shall be capable of operating
continuously at a voltage of Vr and then withstand this voltage plus any dc voltage component
that results from any capacitive charge trapped on the capacitor or capacitor bank after the fuse
melts and subsequently clears the circuit.
c) The fuse rated voltage is based on proper fuse operation at the maximum continuous system
operating voltage. It does not include provision for operation during transient or short-time
overvoltage conditions associated with restriking circuit breakers, system faults, etc.

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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

d) A fuse shall be capable of disconnecting a faulty capacitor unit at the maximum crest voltages
specified in Table 1, Column 2.
e) A fuse shall be capable of withstanding a crest recovery voltage, which is the fundamental
frequency voltage appearing across the blown fuse during the first cycle after interrupting,
including any dc component. This fuse crest recovery voltage capability shall be as specified in
Table 1, Column 3.

Table 1 Crest recovery voltages for capacitor fuses

Type of fuse Maximum crest voltage (V) a Crest recovery voltage (V)
Non-current limiting
1.0Vr 2 2.0Vr 2
Current limiting
2.0Vr 2 2.0Vr 2
a
The values in Column 2 are based on the voltages that normally can occur across the capacitor unit
terminals. These values are transients of short duration, with a steady-state value of Vr.

3.3.2 Rated continuous current for capacitor fuse supports and fuseholders

The preferred rated continuous currents for capacitor fuse supports are 50 A, 100 A, 200 A, 300 A, and 400 A.

3.3.3 Rated continuous current for capacitor fuses, fuse units, refill units, and fuse links

The preferred rated continuous currents of a fuse, fuse units, refill units, and fuse links for capacitor fuses
are 0.5 A, 1 A, 2 A, 3 A, 6 A, 8 A, 10 A, 15 A, 18 A, 20 A, 25 A, 30 A, 40 A, 50 A, 65 A, 80 A, 100 A,
125 A, 150 A, 200 A, 250 A, 300 A, and 400 A.

NOTESome distribution class line [group]-type capacitor fuses presently being manufactured may have ratings of 5
A, 7 A, 12 A, 75 A, 115 A, 120 A, 130 A, 135 A, 140 A, 165 A, and 175 A.7

3.3.4 Rated power frequency

The preferred rated power frequencies of capacitor fuses are 50 Hz, 60 Hz, and both.

3.3.5 Rated maximum inductive interrupting [breaking] current

The preferred rated maximum symmetrical inductive interrupting currents of capacitor fuses are 1 kA rms,
1.25 kA rms, 1.6 kA rms, 2 kA rms, 2.5 kA rms, 3.15 kA rms, 4 kA rms, 5 kA rms, 6.3 kA rms, 8 kA rms,
10 kA rms, 12.5 kA rms, 16 kA rms, 20 kA rms, 25 kA rms, 31.5 kA rms, 40 kA rms, and 50 kA rms.

NOTE 1The preferred rated interrupting currents are selected from the R10 series of numbers. The R10 series is
comprised of the numbers 1, 1.25, 1.60, 2.00, 2.50, 3.15, 4.00, 5.00, 6.30, 8.00, and their multiples of 10.

NOTE 2Some distribution class line [group]-type capacitor fuses presently being manufactured may have rated
maximum symmetrical inductive interrupting current ratings of 1.3 kA, 1.4 kA, 2.8 kA, 3.55 kA, 5.6 kA, 7.1 kA,
8.6 kA, 10.6 kA, 11.2 kA, 13.2 kA, 15 kA, 35 kA, 60 kA, 90 kA, 115 kA.

7
Notes in text, tables, and figures of a standard are given for information only and do not contain requirements needed to implement
this standard.

5
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

3.3.6 Rated maximum capacitive interrupting [breaking] current for line [group]-type fuses

The preferred rated maximum symmetrical capacitive interrupting currents for capacitor line fuses are
1 kA rms, 2.5 kA rms, 3.15 kA rms, 4 kA rms, 5 kA rms, 6.3 kA rms, 8 kA rms, 10 kA rms, 12.5 kA rms,
16 kA rms, 20 kA rms, 25 kA rms, 31.5 kA rms, 40 kA rms, and 50 kA rms.

NOTERated interrupting currents are selected from the R10 series of preferred numbers. The R10 series is
comprised of the numbers 1, 1.25, 1.60, 2.00, 2.50, 3.15, 4.00, 5.00, 6.30, 8.00, and their multiples of 10.

3.3.7 Rated maximum capacitive interrupting [breaking] current for unit-type fuses

The preferred rated maximum symmetrical capacitive interrupting currents for all types of capacitor unit
fuses are 20 and 50 times the rated current of the highest rating in the homogeneous series. The preferred
rated maximum symmetrical capacitive interrupting currents are 1 kA rms, 1.25 kA rms, 1.6 kA rms,
2 kA rms, 2.5 kA rms, 3.15 kA rms, 4 kA rms, 5 kA rms, 6.3 kA rms, 8 kA rms, and 10 kA rms. For
current-limiting fuses, the homogeneous series characteristics are described in 6.6.4 of IEEE Std C37.41-
2000. For expulsion fuses, the homogeneous series characteristics are specified in the Table 15 notes of
IEEE Std C37.41-2000.

NOTE 1Rated interrupting currents are selected from the R10 series of preferred numbers. The R10 series is
comprised of the numbers 1, 1.25, 1.60, 2.00, 2.50, 3.15, 4.00, 5.00, 6.30, 8.00, and their multiples of 10.

NOTE 2Some distribution class unit-type capacitor fuses presently being manufactured may have rated maximum
symmetrical capacitive interrupting current ratings of 0.8 kA, 1.4 kA, 1.9 kA, 2.3 kA, and 2.9 kA.

3.3.8 Rated minimum interrupting [breaking] current

The rated minimum capacitive interrupting current for all types of capacitor fuses and the rated minimum
inductive interrupting current for current-limiting backup capacitor fuses shall be designated by the
manufacturer.

3.3.9 Rated maximum capacitor stored energy (joules) for the capacitor discharge
interrupting tests

The preferred ratings of the parallel energy stored in the capacitor, for the capacitor discharge interrupting
test are 10 kJ, 15 kJ, 30 kJ, 50 kJ, 63 kJ, 80 kJ, and 100 kJ.

NOTESome distribution class capacitor fuses presently being manufactured may have rated ratings of 75 kJ, 77 kJ,
85 kJ, and 88 kJ.

3.3.10 Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage [basic insulation level (BIL)]

3.3.10.1 Line-type fuses

The preferred rated lightning impulse withstand voltage [basic impulse insulation level (BIL)] for line-type
fuse supports are as specified in Table 2.

3.3.10.2 Unit-type fuses

The rated lightning impulse withstand voltage [basic impulse insulation level (BIL)] for unit-type fuses is
dependent on the capacitor bank configuration and design and therefore cannot be assigned to the fuse
itself.

6
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

Table 2 Ratings and other electrical properties for line-type fuses and fuse cutouts

Applicable table numbers

Applicable Maximum
Fuse cutout or fuse type Dielectric
standards overvoltage
Ratings withstand RIV
current-limiting
test voltages
fuses
Expulsion-type
distribution fuses, cutouts,
and fuse supports ANSI C37.42-1996 1, 5, 6, and 7 2 3 N/A
Expulsion and current-
limiting-type power class
fuses and fuse supports ANSI C37.46-2000 1 2, 3, and 4 6 5
Current-limiting-type
distribution fuses and fuse
supports ASNI C37.47-2000 1 2 and 3 5 4

3.3.11 Performance characteristics

3.3.11.1 Performance characteristics of capacitor fuse supports

The performance characteristics of capacitor fuse supports shall include the following:

a) Power-frequency dry-withstand voltages as specified in 4.1


b) Power-frequency wet- or dew-withstand voltages of outdoor and indoor fuses, as specified in 4.1
c) Temperature-rise limitations, as specified in 4.4 and Table 1 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003
d) Radio-influence voltage (RIV), as specified in 4.3

3.3.11.2 Performance characteristics of fuse units, refill units, and fuse links and associated
fuseholders for capacitor fuses

The performance characteristics of fuse units, refill units, and fuse links and associated fuseholders for
capacitor fuses shall include the following:

a) Melting time-current characteristics, determined as specified in 4.5


b) Total clearing time-current characteristics, determined as specified in 4.5
c) Cutoff characteristics, determined as specified in Clause 6 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000 (for
current-limiting or combination capacitor fuses only)
d) Overvoltage characteristics, determined as specified in Clause 6 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000 (for
current-limiting or combination capacitor fuses only)

3.3.12 Rating and performance values for line-type fuses

The rating and performance characteristics for line-type fuses, except temperature rise, shall be as specified
in Table 2. Temperature rise shall be as specified in Table 1 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003.

7
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

3.3.13 Rating and performance values for unit-type fuses

The rating and performance characteristics for unit-type fuses, except temperature rise, are specified in this
standard. Some requirements are dependent on the capacitor bank configuration and design and cannot be
assigned to the fuse itself. Temperature rise shall be as specified in Table 1 of IEEE C37.40-2003.

3.3.14 Ratings and performance requirements other than preferred

In this standard, the rating and performance requirements are preferred values. Special circuit or
environmental conditions may require devices with ratings or performance requirements that are different
from the preferred values specified in 3.3. For these devices, the ratings and performance requirements
shall be agreed upon by the user and the manufacturer, and additional testing may be required to validate
that the device is suitable for the intended application.

4. Design test requirements

4.1 Dielectric tests

4.1.1 Line-type fuses

Capacitor line-type fuses shall be capable of withstanding the test voltages shown in Table 2 when tested as
specified in Clause 5 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000.

4.1.2 Unit-type fuses

Dielectric tests for unit-type fuses are dependent on the capacitor bank configuration and design and cannot
be assigned to the fuse itself.

4.1.3 Capacitor fuses used in containers or FEPs

Line-type capacitor fuses used in containers or enclosures shall be capable of withstanding the test voltages
specified in Table 1 when tested as specified in Clause 5 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000. Dielectric tests for
unit-type fuses are dependent on the capacitor bank configuration and design and, therefore, cannot be
assigned to the fuse itself.

4.2 Interrupting [breaking] tests

Capacitor fuses shall be tested for inductive current, capacitive current, and, where applicable, discharge
current. These interrupting tests are specified in 6.10 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000.

4.2.1 Inductive and capacitive interrupting currents

All capacitor fuses shall be capable of interrupting all capacitive currents from the rated minimum
capacitive interrupting current up to and including the rated maximum capacitive interrupting current
assigned by the manufacturer. Where capacitor fuses may be required to interrupt inductive currents, they
shall be capable of interrupting such currents up to the rated maximum inductive interrupting current of the
device. Refer to IEEE Std C37.41-2000 for testing details.

8
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

All capacitor fuses shall be capable of interrupting these power frequency currents with all degrees of fault
initiation making angle as related to voltage zero.

Capacitor fuses that use replaceable fuse links shall be capable of interrupting these currents with any type
and size of link recommended by the manufacturer.

4.2.2 Capacitor discharge current

For capacitor discharge current interrupting tests, the capacitor fuse shall be capable of interrupting all
capacitor discharge energy up to the maximum joule rating assigned. Capacitor fuses that use replaceable
fuse links shall be capable of interrupting these currents with any size and type of link as recommended by
the manufacturer.

4.2.3 Peak overvoltages for distribution and power class current-limiting fuses

Peak overvoltages for current-limiting or combination capacitor fuses, as determined in accordance with
Clause 6 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000, shall not exceed those specified in Table 4 of ANSI C37.47-2000 and
Table 5 of ANSI C37.46-2000.

4.2.4 Peak let-through [cutoff] current

Peak let-through [cutoff] current for current-limiting or combination capacitor fuses shall be determined as
specified in Clause 6 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000.

4.3 Radio-influence tests

Line-type capacitor fuses, when tested as specified in Clause 9 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000, shall be capable
of meeting the limits of RIV at the test voltages specified in Table 1. RIV for unit fuses is dependent on the
capacitor bank configuration and cannot be assigned to the fuse itself.

4.4 Temperature-rise tests

Capacitor fuses, when tested as specified in Clause 11 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000, shall not exceed the
temperature rise and total temperature values specified in Table 1 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003 when the
device is carrying rated continuous current and the ambient temperature of the test is within the allowable
range specified. Fuse devices being tested shall be fused with the maximum rated fuse unit, refill unit, or
fuse link that is used in the device being tested.

Clause 11 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000 covers testing of devices used at ambient temperatures of 40 C and
below. For higher ambient temperatures, consult the manufacturer.

4.5 Time-current tests

The minimum melting and total clearing time-current curves for capacitor fuse units, refill units, and fuse
links shall be determined as specified in Clause 12 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000. A sufficient number of tests
shall be made to ensure that all fuse units, refill units, and fuse links meet the melting current tolerance
specified in 5.2.

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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

5. Time-current-characteristic requirements for capacitor fuse refill units,


fuse units, and fuse links

5.1 General

To comply with this standard, capacitor fuse refill units, fuse units, and fuse links are not required to meet
any particular time-current characteristic. Some fuse refill units, fuse units, or fuse links have been
designed to comply with the melting characteristics that have been designated as C, E, K, T, or
other designations. A C, E, K, or T designation specifies a range of currents that an individual fuse
must melt at for particular times. The assignment of C, E, K, or T rating to a fuse does not make
any particular C, E, K, or T fuse interchangeable with any other particular fuse having this rating
since the shape of the curves may be significantly different and/or its interrupting capabilities may be
different. The slope and shape of the melting curve is determined by the design of the current responsive
element and is a distinctive feature of each manufacturer.

5.2 Melting current tolerance

For all types of capacitor fuse refill units, fuse units, or fuse links, the maximum melting current shall not
exceed the minimum melting current by more than 20% for any given melting time.

6. Conformance test requirements for capacitor fuses


For line-type capacitor fuses, the conformance tests, as defined in Clause 3 of IEEE Std C37.40-2003, shall
consist of a power-frequency dry-withstand voltage test on the fuse support. Unit-type fuses do not have
conformance test requirements.

7. Construction requirements for capacitor fuses


For capacitor fuses that use replaceable fuse links, the fuse links shall meet the mechanical
interchangeability requirements specified in 4.4 in ANSI C37.42-1996.

8. Nameplate marking requirements

8.1 Fuses, fuse units, and fuseholders for capacitor fuses

The following minimum information shall be placed on all fuses, fuse units, and fuseholders:

a) Manufacturers name or trademark (logo or monogram)


b) Rated continuous current
c) Manufacturers type or other product identification. For current-limiting fuses and fuse units,
the applicable identification letters may follow the continuous current rating (e.g., 25 C, 50 C,
80 C, etc.)
d) Rated maximum voltage
e) Rated maximum inductive interrupting current in rms symmetrical amperes

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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

f) Rated maximum capacitive interrupting current in rms symmetrical amperes


g) For backup current-limiting-type capacitor fuses only, the minimum capacitive interrupting
current and/or, where applicable, rated minimum interrupting current rms symmetrical amperes

8.2 Fuse links and refill units

The following minimum information shall be placed on all fuse links and refill units:

a) Manufacturers name or trademark (logo or monogram).


b) Rated continuous current.
c) Manufacturers type or other product identification. The applicable identification letters may
follow the continuous current rating (e.g., 12 K, 25 T, 50 D, 25 E, etc.).
d) Rated maximum voltage on refill units. Rated maximum voltage is not typically marked on fuse
links. If voltage restrictions do exist on fuse links, this information shall be published in the
manufacturers literature.

8.3 Fuse supports

The following minimum information shall be placed on all fuse supports:

a) Manufacturers name or trademark (logo or monogram)


b) Rated continuous current
c) Manufacturers type or other product identification
d) Rated maximum voltage
e) Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage [basic impulse insulation level (BIL)]

8.4 Additional information

Fuses may be designed for use at 50 Hz, 60 Hz, or both frequencies. Information on the suitability of fuses
for a particular frequency is typically contained in the manufacturers literature. If there is a difference in
rated performance between a system frequency of 50 Hz and 60 Hz, the rating information at each
frequency, or the only permissible frequency, shall be published in the manufacturers literature.

It is recommended that any packaging that may be used by the consumer for storage purposes be labeled so
the contents can be easily and properly identified.

9. Application requirements
See IEEE Std C37.48-2005 and IEEE Std C37.48.1-2002 for general application guidelines.

The discharge interrupting rating for unit fuses shall be presented as the kilojoules of parallel energy the
fuse is capable of interrupting. If the tests are made at a frequency and/or voltage different than that
specified in 6.10 of IEEE Std C37.41-2000, this data shall also be presented.

11
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IEEE Std C37.43-2008
IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Expulsion, Current-Limiting, and Combination-Type Distribution and
Power Class External Fuses, with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 38 kV, Used for the Protection of Shunt Capacitors

Annex A

(informative)

Bibliography

[B1] IEEE Std C37.45-2006, IEEE Standard Specifications for High-Voltage Distribution Class
Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches with Rated Voltages from 1 kV through 8.3 kV. 8, 9

8
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USA (http://standards.ieee.org/).
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