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ARTICLE D-6

NOZZLES AND OTHER


CONNECTIONS

AD-600 REQUIREMENTS FOR tnp nominal thickness of nozzle wall, in. (mm)
NOZZLES AND OTHER twp depth of penetration of weld, in. (mm)
CONNECTIONS
AD-601 PERMITTED TYPES OF NOZZLES AD-602 MINIMUM THICKNESS OF
AND OTHER CONNECTIONS NOZZLE NECKS AND OTHER
Nozzles and other connections may be any of the CONNECTIONS
types for which rules are given in this Article provided: The wall thickness of a nozzle neck or other connec-
(a) they meet its requirements as to location; tion shall not be less than the thickness computed for
(b) the type of attachment weld is permitted by the applicable loadings plus the thickness added for
Article D-4, Welded Joints; corrosion and erosion allowance and, except for access
(c) the minimum size of weld is as required by Figs. openings and openings for inspection only, not less
AD-610.1, AD-612.1, AD-613.1, and AD-621.1; than the smaller of the following:
(d) the requirements of Article D-5, Openings and (a) the required thickness of the shell or head to
Their Reinforcement, are complied with; which the connection is attached plus the corrosion
(e) Type No. 1 butt joints (see AF-221) or full allowance provided in the shell or head adjacent to
penetration joints (see AF-223) are used when the the connection;
openings are in shells 212 in. (64 mm) or more in (b) the minimum thickness1 of standard wall pipe
thickness; plus the corrosion allowance on the connections.
(f) the welded joints are examined by the methods See AD-420.1 for the thickness requirements of
stipulated in the applicable paragraph of Article F-2; nozzle neck to piping transition.
(g) studded connections conform to the requirements
of AD-740;
(h) threaded connections meet the requirements of AD-610 NOZZLE NECKS ABUTTING THE
AD-640. VESSEL WALL WITHOUT ADDED
REINFORCING ELEMENT
AD-601.1 Nomenclature. The symbols used in this
paragraph and in Figs. AD-610.1, AD-612.1, AD-613.1, Necks abutting the vessel wall shall be attached by
and AD-621.1 are defined as follows: a full penetration groove weld. Backing strips shall be
rp inside radius of nozzle in the corroded condi- used with welds deposited from only one side or when
tion, in. (mm) complete joint penetration cannot be verified by visual
tp nominal thickness of vessel shell or head, in. inspection. Backing strips, when used, shall be removed
(mm)
1
tcp throat dimensions of corner welds between noz- The minimum thickness for all materials is that wall thickness
zle and vessel wall, not less than the smaller of listed as standard (STD) in Table 2 of ANSI /ASME B36.10M, less
1 1212%. For diameters other than those listed in the Table, this shall
4 in. (6 mm) or 0.7tn (inside corner welds may be based upon the next larger pipe size. When a material specification
be further limited by a lesser length of projection does not specify schedule weights conforming to ANSI /ASME
of the nozzle wall beyond the inside face of the B36.10M, the pipe weight indicated as regular shall be used when
so designated in the specification. If not so designated, the heaviest
vessel wall), in. (mm) schedule listed shall be used even though this is less than the
tep thickness of reinforcing element, in. (mm) thickness of standard weight pipe of ANSI /ASME B36.10M.

115
AD-610 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AD-622

after welding. Permissible types of weld attachments AD-613.2 Integral Reinforcement Employing Cor-
are shown in Fig. AD-610.1 sketches (a) and (b). ner Welds. Nozzles or other connections with integral
reinforcement and not covered by AD-613.1 shall be
attached by means of full penetration corner welds (see
AF-223). Permissible types of weld attachments are
AD-611 INSERTED NOZZLE NECKS shown in Fig. AD-610.1.
WITHOUT ADDED REINFORCING
ELEMENTS
Necks inserted partially into or through a hole cut AD-620 FITTINGS WITH INTERNAL
in the vessel wall and without additional reinforcing THREADS
elements shall be attached by a full penetration groove
Internally threaded fittings shall be limited to NPS
weld. Backing strips, when used, shall be removed
2. They shall be attached by means of full penetration
after welding. Permissible types of weld attachments
groove welds (see AF-223), as illustrated in Fig. AD-
are shown in Fig. AD-610.1 sketches (c), (d), (d-1),
612.1 sketches (e), (f), and (g), except pad type fittings,
(e), (e-1), (f), and (g).
such as shown in sketch (h), which may be used if
attached by means of fillet welds having a minimum
throat dimension of the smaller of 0.7te or 0.7t, as
AD-612 INSERTED NOZZLE NECKS WITH shown in that sketch (see AF-225).
ADDED REINFORCING ELEMENT
Inserted type necks having added reinforcement in
AD-621 WELDED CONNECTIONS NOT 01
the form of one or more separate reinforcing plates
SUBJECT TO EXTERNAL
shall be attached by welds at the outer edge of the
LOADING
reinforcement plate and at the nozzle neck periphery.
The weld at the outer edge of the reinforcement shall Partial penetration welds, as shown in Fig. AD-
be a fillet weld with a minimum throat dimension of 621.1, may be used only for attachments, such as
the smaller of 0.6te or 0.6t. The welds attaching the instrumentation openings, inspection openings, etc., on
neck to the vessel wall and to the reinforcement shall which there are essentially no external mechanical
be full penetration groove welds. Permissible types of loadings and on which there will be no thermal stresses
weld attachments are shown in Fig. AD-612.1 sketches greater than in the vessel itself. Such attachments shall
(a), (b), and (c). satisfy the rules for reinforcement of openings, except
that no material in the neck shall be used for reinforce-
AD-612.1 Provision of Telltale Holes for Air Test- ment in the attachment illustrated in sketches (c-1),
ing. Reinforcing plates and saddles attached to the (c-2), and (c-3). The inside diameter of such openings
outside of a vessel shall be provided with at least one shall not exceed 4 in. (102 mm).
telltale hole (maximum size NPS 14 tap) that may be
(a) The weld size shall be such that the depth of
tapped for a preliminary compressed air and soap
penetration tw will be at least 114 tn and tc will be
solution (or equivalent) test for tightness of welds that
not less than the smaller of 14 in. (6 mm) or 0.7tn.
seal off the inside of the vessel. These telltale holes
For sketches (c-2) and (c-3), the fillet weld throat
may be left open or may be plugged when the vessel
dimension at the outer edge of the reinforcement plate
is in service. If the holes are plugged, the plugging
shall be at least the smaller of 0.7te or 0.7t. For sketch
material used shall not be capable of sustaining pressure
(c-3), the fillet weld throat dimension at the inner edge
between the reinforcing plate and the vessel wall.
of the reinforcement plate shall be at least 114tn.
Telltale holes shall not be plugged during heat treatment.
(b) Partial penetration welds shall be examined as
required by Table AF-241.1.

AD-613 NOZZLES WITH INTEGRAL


REINFORCEMENT AD-622 FORGED STEEL FITTINGS
AD-613.1 Integral Reinforcement Employing Butt ASME B16.11, Forged Steel Fittings, Socket Welding
Welds. Nozzles having integral reinforcement may be and Threaded, is acceptable for use under this Division
attached using butt welds of Type No. 1. Permissible in accordance with the requirements of AM-105. Pres-
types are shown in Fig. AD-613.1 (see AF-221). suretemperature ratings for such fittings shall be calcu-

116
PART AD DESIGN REQUIREMENTS Fig. AD-610.1

tn tn
Backing strip t
if used shall Backing strip n
be removed if used shall
be removed

r1 r1 tc
t t t tc
c t r1

(a) (b) (c)

tn
tn
tn

tc
t tc tc
t
tc
t r1
r1
r3
r3
(d) (d-1) (e)

A
tn
tn tn
tn r2 r2
Backing strip
if used shall tc
be removed r4 tc
tc tc
tc r4
r1 r1
t r1 t t t
tn min.
A Section A A
r1
Sections Perpendicular
and Parallel to the
Cylindrical Vessel Axis

(e-1) (f) (g)

1/ t
8 r1 1/ t
2
r2 3/ in.
4 (19 mm)
r3 smaller of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or tn /2 radius; alternatively, smaller of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or tn /4 chamfer at 45 deg
r4 1/ in. (6 mm)
4

GENERAL NOTE: See Table AF-241.1 for limitations and examination requirements.

FIG. AD-610.1 SOME ACCEPTABLE FULL PENETRATION WELDED NOZZLE ATTACHMENTS NOT READILY A02
RADIOGRAPHABLE

117
Fig. AD-612.1 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2

tn
tn
tc
Smaller of Smaller of
0.6te or 0.6t te 0.6te or 0.6t te tc
r1
t t
r3

tc
(b)
(a)
1/ t
8 r1 1/2t
r3 smaller of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or tn /2 radius; alternatively,
smaller of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or tn /4 chamfer at 45 deg
tn tc min. = 0.7tn or 1/4 in. (6 mm), whichever is less

tc
te
Smaller of w
0.6te or 0.6t t
te
te tc Smaller of
0.7te or 0.7t
r3 t

(c) (d-1)

te
d
r1
t

Smaller of
0.7te or 0.7t

(d-2)

Either method of attachment is satisfactory


te
tc tc tc
Smaller of
0.7te or 0.7t
tc
(e) (f) (g) (h)

For NPS 2 and Smaller

01 FIG. AD-612.1 SOME ACCEPTABLE PAD AND SCREWED FITTING TYPES OF WELDED NOZZLES AND OTHER
A02 CONNECTIONS TO SHELLS, DRUMS, AND HEADERS

118
PART AD DESIGN REQUIREMENTS Fig. AD-613.1

tn
r2
30 deg min.
1/ in. (13 mm) min.
tn tn 2
r2
45 deg max. r2 t3
3
1 r2 30 deg max. r1
r2 a1
r1
t4
t a2
t r1
t t3 + t4 0.2 t
11/2 t min. but a1 + a2 18.5 deg

(a) (b) (c)

tn
A r2
tn tn

45 deg max. 45 deg max. t r1


r2 r2
18.5 deg max. 30 deg max.
r2 r2
Max. = 0.2t r2 r2 (d)

r1 t
r1 Backing strip
t if used shall
Section A - A be removed tn
30 deg A
max. Sections Perpendicular
r2
and Parallel to the
Cylindrical Vessel Axis r1
t
(c-1)
(e)

2R or (R + t + tn ),
whichever is greater

Limits of reinforcement R = inside radius of


vessel opening
45 deg
Min. thickness (forging) min. r1 Rad. = 1/2 tn with a min. = 1/4 in. (6 mm)
N r2 r1 2tn min.
C B
Rtn

t (actual) shell t tn
D A
r1

N r2
t = nominal thickness of shell or head
tn = nominal thickness of nozzle tp Area to be
tp = nominal thickness of attached pipe 45 deg min. compensated
1/ in. (13 mm) min.
2 A, B, C, D
1/ t
8 r1 1/2t Limits of reinforcement
r2 3/4 in. (19 mm)
N 21/2tn Reinforcement may be distributed within the
limits prescribed by this Division

(f)

FIG. AD-613.1 ACCEPTABLE WELDED NOZZLE ATTACHMENT READILY RADIOGRAPHED TO CODE


STANDARDS

119
Fig. AD-621.1 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2

Not less
1 than tc
tn 11/4tn t
tc tn w
tw
tc

1 1/ in. (1.6 mm)


16
1/ in. (1.6 mm) recess
16 Not less
recess than 11/4tn Section 1 1

(a) (b)

tn Cmax = diametral clearance in inches (millimeters) between


nozzle and vessel penetration
= 0.010 (0.25) for do 1 in. (25 mm)
= 0.020 (0.51) for 1 in. (25 mm) < do 4 in. (102 mm)
= 0.030 (0.76) for do > 4 in. (102 mm)
do = outside diameter of nozzle
tw 1/ t r 1/ t
r1 8 1 2
t r3 1/4 in. (6 mm) or chamfer 1/4 in. (6 mm) at 45 deg
tc min. = 0.7tn or 1/4 in. (6 mm), whichever is less

do Not less
than 11/4tn

(c-1)

tn tn

w do w do

te r1 te

t t
r1
11/4tn
tw
Smaller of Smaller of
0.7te or 0.7t 0.7te or 0.7t

(c-2) (c-3)

01 FIG. AD-621.1 PARTIAL PENETRATION WELD CONNECTIONS

120
AD-622 PART AD DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AD-641.2

lated as for straight seamless pipe in accordance with TABLE AD-640.1


the rules of this Division including the design stress MINIMUM NUMBER OF PIPE THREADS FOR
intensity value for the material. The thickness tolerance CONNECTIONS
of ASME B16.11 shall apply. Size of Pipe Minimum Plate
Connection, Thickness
NPS (DN) Threads Engaged Required, in. (mm)
1 3
2 & 4 (15 & 20) 6 0.43 (10.9)
1 1
AD-623 WROUGHT STEEL ELBOWS AND 1, 1 4 & 1 2 7 0.61 (15.5)
RETURNS (25, 32 & 40)
2 (50) 8 0.70 (17.8)
ASME /ANSI B16.28, Wrought Steel Buttwelding
Elbows and Returns, is acceptable for use under this
Division in accordance with the requirements of AM-
105. Pressuretemperature ratings for such fittings shall
be 80% of those calculated for straight seamless pipe
in accordance with the rules of this Division unless a in Fig. AD-612.1 sketches (d-1) and (d-2). The tapped
100% rating has been established by the fitting manufac- holes for stud threads shall comply with AD-740.
turer in accordance with para. 9 of ASME B16.9. The
thickness tolerance of ASME / ANSI B16.28 shall apply.

AD-640 THREADED CONNECTIONS


AD-640.1 Tapered Pipe Threads Not Over NPS
AD-630 STUDDED CONNECTIONS 2. Pipes, tubes, and other threaded connections that
SUBJECT TO EXTERNAL conform to the ANSI Standard for Pipe Threads,
LOADING ANSI /ASME B1.20.1, may be screwed into a threaded
hole in a vessel wall provided the pipe engages the
Studded connections which may have externally im- minimum number of threads specified in Table AD-
posed loads shall have tapped holes complying with 640.1 after allowance has been made for curvature of
the requirements of AD-740. The vessel or integral the vessel wall. A built-up pad or a properly attached
weld buildup shall have a flat surface machined on plate or fitting shall be used to provide the metal
the shell to receive the connection. Drilled holes to be thickness and number of threads required in Table AD-
tapped shall not penetrate within one-fourth of the wall 640.1 or to furnish reinforcement when required.
thickness from the inside surface of the vessel after
deducting corrosion allowance, unless at least the mini- AD-640.2 Straight Threads. Straight threaded con-
mum thickness required, as above, is maintained by nections may be employed as provided for in AD-
adding metal to the inside surface of the vessel. 641.2.

AD-641 Restrictions on the Use of Threaded


Connections
01 AD-635 STUDDED PAD TYPE
CONNECTIONS NOT SUBJECT TO AD-641.1 Tapered Pipe Thread Connections. Inter-
EXTERNAL LOADING nal taper pipe thread connections larger than NPS 2
(DN 50) shall not be used.
Studded pad type connections may be used for con-
nections on which there are essentially no external AD-641.2 Straight Threaded Connections
mechanical loads, such as manways and handholes used (a) Threaded connections employing straight threads
only as inspection openings, thermowell connections, shall provide for mechanical seating of the assembly
etc., provided the requirements of AD-570 for pads by a shoulder or similar means. Straight threaded center
are met. The pad shall be attached by a fillet weld openings in vessel heads, meeting the requirements of
along the outer edge and a single bevel weld along AF-761 and AF-762, shall be placed at a point where
the inner edge. The throat dimensions of the outer and the calculated stress without a hole, due to any combina-
inner welds shall be not less than the smaller of 0.7te tion of design pressure and mechanical loadings ex-
or 0.7t. Permissible type of weld attachment is shown pected to occur simultaneously, is not more than 0.5Sm.

121
AD-641.2 2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 2 AD-641.2

(b) Threaded connections above 234 in. (70 mm) in


diameter may be used only if they meet the requirements
of AD-160 or, if these requirements are not met, a
detailed fatigue analysis must be made in accordance
with the rules of Appendices 4 and 5.

122