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The hook would be much more useful as a reference book if the FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OP PHYSICALCHEMISTRY. Carl F.

number of references t o the original literature were greatly ex- Prullon, Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,
panded and an author index included. Even without these Case School of Applied Science, and Samuel H Maron,
things this is one of the best books in the field and every inor- Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry, Case School of
ganic chemist should own and use it. Applied Science. The Macmillan Company. New York, 1944.
JOHNC. BAILAR,JR. x + 780 pp. 174 figs. 14 X 21 cm. $4.50.
"The authors' aim in writing this text on elementary physical
chemistry is t o place in the hands of teachers and students a book
which covers the fundamental principles of the subject in a thor-
PATENTLAW. Chester H.Bieslnjdd, Member of the New York ough, sound, up-to-date, and clear manner." This aim has been
Bar and of the Bar of the District of Columbia. John Wiley realized t o a high degree. However the term "elementatyJ'
and Sons, Inc., New York, 1943. v + 225 pp. 14 X 21.5 should be stricken out. The book is entirely adequate for a iirst-
class senior or early graduate course in the subject.
cm. $2.75.
The 23 chapters are arranged in the order now pretty widely
This book was the outgrowth of a number of weekly lectures considered t o be best from the teaching standpoint. Thermo-
in substantive patent law conducted by the author as an ex- dynamics is introduced immediately after gases, so that deriva-
tension course a t the University of Delaware. tions requiring the first and second laws need not wait t o be con-
The object of the course was t o acquaint chemists, engineers, sidered halfway through the course. The treatment of entropy
and students who had no professional law training, with the basic and the third law is mare extensive than is common. The dis-
principles and rules underlying the obtaining of patents and the cussion of activities is good and includes a partial derivation of
litigation that often arises when patents are involved. the Debye-Hiickel limiting law. Most of the best sources on
The keynote of this book is that i t deals mainly with funda- thermochemical data are cited in that particular chapter. There
mentals and is frankly not intended as an exhaustive treatment are plenty of problems a t the end of each chapter, some being
of any one phase of the patent law. The material is handled very accompanied by answers and some not. Several "References for
well for easy understanding by the beginner. Anyone already Further Reading" are also appended t o each chapter. There
well versed in the field, however, while finding thelittle volume are some literature references, but there could be mare. The
interesting, would also 6nd it too elementaty to have much value numerous illustrations are quite clear, although why authors in
as a reference work. general persist in picturing calomel and other reference electrodes
The material is presented with, iirst. an explanation of each as larger than all the rest of the apparatus is incomprehensible.
basic principle or rule, and then illustrations from leading law There are 120 tables of useful data, not including the usual table
cases supporting the mle or contrary t o it, as the case may be. of atomic weights.
are given. Most previous books in this field which were de- This book is clearly written and shows a "level" treatment-
signed particularly for chemists have erred either on the side of 4. e., the authors do not ride their hobbies. This is the hallmark
being nothing but a compendium of case citations or else they of a good text. It ranks with the leading works of its kind. It
contained almost no citations. is worthy of careful consideration by any teacher.
Some of the subjects treated exceptionally well, even though MALCOLM M. H ~ N G
briefly, are: Invention and Discovery, Functional Claims (with UNI'IBPSINOF MARYLAND
COLLeoe P A X , MaauL*ND
a good section on chemical claims), Patentability of Uses, Re-
issues, and Infringement. The chapter on "The Patent Appli-
cation and Prosecution Thereof," although not recommended as LEADPOISONING. Abraham Conlarow, Asmiate Professor of
a substitute for hiring a patent attorney, is strongly recom- Medicine, Jefierson Medical College, and Biochemist and As-
mended t o any chemist having patent applications pending be- sistant Physician, Jefferson Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa., and
fore the Patent Office. Max Tumpcr. Lt. Commander, H-V (S), U.S.N.R., Naval
On the other side of the picture it must be regretfully stated Medical Research Institute. Bethesda, Maryland. The
that the chapter headed "Permissible Breadth of Chemical Williams 8- Wilkins Co., Baltimore. 1944. xiii + 264 pp. 5
Claims" has been poorly handled. No mention a t all is made figs. 21 tables. 15.5 X 23.5 cm. 83.00.
of the er perte Markush practice which many attorneys follow ~ e t i c u l o & l ydocumented, this thorough and complete mono-
in setting up an artificial class of chemical equivalents. graph includes a 17-page bibliography and a 5-page index. The
From a mere listing of some of the other chapter titles i t can book appears a t a time when the increasing use of lead and its
be seen that the book has distinct value far a chemist-inventor or compounds in many industries provides a serious threat t o human
an engineer. Some of the rest of the titles are: "Liability for
Infringement," "Licenses," "Ownership and Shop Rights."
..
health. The anneal of the several chanters is directed t o diverse
cla~sesof readers, such ns physiologists, biachemists, physiciaus,
"Trade Secrets," "Patent Litigation," and "Searches." and analytical chemists for theoretrcal and clinical study, and to
The book further contains an appendix which quotes Sec- twchers, architects, plant foremen. workers, managers, control
tions 4886 to 4888,4900,4921, and 4923 of the Revised Statutes chemists, factory physicians, and even housewives for practical
which form part of the basis in statutory law of the legal aspects information.
of patents. The general reader will find much repetition of facts among the
The bibliography is incomplete, Rossman's excellent book. chapters of the volume, and even within individual chapters.
"The Law of Patents for Chemists," being one of the standard He may be irked by this, but its intention is evidently to mini-
references which is omitted. mize page-turning by specialists when they use this book for
A book of this type could well form the basis of a course of reference. Nevertheless, many of the redundancies in chapter I.
patent law which should be included in the education of all "Absorption, Transportation, Deposition, and Excretion of Lead,"
chemists. seem to be superfiuous. They unnecessarily lengthen the text.
WILLIAMS. HILL The same facts are cited again in later chapters, "Pathology and
RICWOND,V ~ ( I I N I A Pathological Physiology," "Clinical Manifestations." and "Lead
in Blood. Body Fluids, and Kcretions." The earlier chapters
give one the impression of prolongation also by their incessant
THE D m oa CHEMISTRY.Sidney 3. French, Professor of content of names of authorities. Better grouping of data might
Chemistry, Colgate University. The University Society, Inc., have reduced greatly the number of times the same investigators
New York. 1944. iv + 176 pp. 111 figs. 15 X 23 cm. are given credit for their work, without decreasing the value of
$1.00. the documentation and excellent bibliography.
This is an up-to-date edition of a book which was 6rst published I n addition t o those mentioned previously, there are chapters
in 1937. No changes have been made in the historical portion. entitled "Normal Intake." "Occurrence of Chronic Lead Poison-