Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

The Mosin Nagant is an old 5 shot, internal-magazine fed bolt action rifle from the early 1890s.

It was developed by Sergei Ivanovich Mosin, and Lon Nagant. The Russian Army realized its
need for a new modern rifle after the Russian-Ottoman war in 1877. Ottoman troops, armed with
Winchester rifles completely overpowered Russian troops armed with Berdan rifles. The Mosin
Nagant first saw service within the Russian Army in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904. Despite
almost four million Mosin Nagants being made, most of the Russian troops in the Far East were
still armed with Berdan rifles. The Mosin Nagant was the standard issue rifle for Imperial
Russian troops in The First World War. Russia lacked the means of production to mass produce
The Mosin Nagant, so many American companies were producing Mosins for Russia. However,
when The Russian Civil War broke out, shipments to Russia were halted, and many Mosins
stayed in The United States. During The Russian Civil War, The Red army, The White army, The
Green army, and other factions were mainly equipped with The Mosin Nagant, due to its low
cost, simplicity, and the abundance of Mosins in Russia. Before World War II, The Soviets were
looking to modernize The Red Army. They planned to replace all Mosins with the modern semi-
automatic Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva Obrazets 1938, or SVT-38. During the Winter
War between The Soviet Union and Finland, the SVT-38 received negative reviews from Red
Army soldiers, who often complained about its length, and the high chance that the magazine
would fall out accidentally. The Soviets introduced an improved version, labeled the SVT-40.
When World War II finally reached The Soviet Union, the SVT-40 was already in widespread
use. Initially, around one third of European Soviet Troops were armed with SVT-40s. Since
Germany was inflicting disastrous defeats on The USSR, many SVT-40s were lost. The Soviet
Government decided to ditch the production of the SVT-40, and switch back to the Mosin
Nagant. The SVT-40 was much more expensive and more complicated than the Mosin Nagant.
The Soviets also had to equip the largest army in the entire world. Low cost, simplicity,
reliability, and the need to arm an absurdly large amount of troops all caused the Soviet Union to
mass produce the Mosin Nagant one again. In 1945, the Soviet Union developed a new semi-
automatic rifle named the Samozaryadnyj Karabin sistemy Simonova, or the SKS. The SKS saw
very little combat in World War II, yet after the war, it replaced the Mosin Nagant. Then in 1949,
the SKS and all remaining Mosin Nagants were removed and completely replaced with the
Avtomat Kalashnikova 1947, or Ak-47 which was then replaced by the Ak-M, which was
replaced by the Ak-74, which was replaced by the Ak-74M, which is the standard issue rifle for
the Russian Army.