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My English Vocabulary

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My English Vocabulary
1
Saying hello

hello bun
hi salut
good morning bun dimineaa
good evening bun seara
good night noapte buna
goodbye la revedere
bye pa
nice to meet you ncntat s te ntlnesc
nice to see you ncntat s te vd
welcome bine ai venit
see you ne vedem
see you later ne vedem mai trziu
see you tomorrow ne vedem mine
first name prenume ()
surname nume de familie ()
address adres
street strad
town/city ora/localitate
postcode cod potal
date of birth data naterii
birthday zi de natere
phone number numr de telefon
mister/ Mr. domn
missis/Mrs. doamn
miss domnioar

Numbers

0 zero 11 eleven
1 one 12 twelve
2 two 13 thirteen
3 three 14 fourteen
4 four 15 fifteen
5 five 16 sixteen
6 six 17 seventeen
7 seven 18 eighteen
8 eight 19 nineteen
9 nine 20 twenty
10 ten 30 thirty
2
40 forty 21 twenty-one
50 fifty 32 thirty-two
60 sixty 43 forty-three
70 seventy 54 fifty-four
80 eighty 65 sixty-five
90 ninety 76 seventy-six
100 one hundred 87 eighty-seven
1000 one thousand 98 ninety-eight
10.000 ten thousand 106 one hundred and six
100.000 one hundred thousand
1.000.000 one million

345 three hundred and forty five


1002 one thousand and two
1037 one hundred and thirty
seven
4575 four thousand, five hundred
and seventy-five
10.005 ten thousand and five
10.017 ten thousand and
seventeen
15.234 fifteen thousand two
hundred thirty-four
315.789 three hundred and fifteen
thousand seven hundred eighty-
nine

argintiu
Colours auriu
multicolor
silver nchis la culoare
gold deschis la culoare
multicoloured rou nchis
dark
light rou deschis
dark red gri
light red negru
grey alb
black rou
white portocaliu
red galben
verde
3
orange albastru
yellow mov
green maro
blue roz
purple culoare
brown colorat
pink
colour
coloured

Days of the week zile


sptmn
days
week

n limba englez, zilele


sptmnii se scriu ntotdeauna cu luni
liter mare, oriunde s-ar afla n mari
propoziie! miercuri
joi
Monday vineri
Tuesday smbt
Wednesday duminic
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

Months of the year

Lunile anului, n limba englez, se


ianuarie
scriu cu liter mare oriunde s-ar
februarie
afla n propoziie!
martie
aprilie
January
mai
February
iunie
March
iulie
April
august
May
septembrie
June
octombrie
4
July noiembrie
August decembrie
September
October zi
November amiaza
December dup-amiaz
sear
day noapte
noon sptmn
afternoon lun (calendaristic)
evening an
night astzi
week mine
month urmtoarea zi
year anul urmtor
today luna trecut
tomorrow diminea
next day ieri
next year zi a sptmnii
last month sfrit de sptmn
morning miezul nopii
yesterday
weekday
weekend
midnight
anotimp
primvar
Seasons var
toamn
season iarn
spring
summer
autumn/fall
winter form
cerc
Shapes
ptrat
cub
shape
minge/sfer
circle
oval
square
rotund
cube
triunghi
ball
stea
oval
piramid
5
round dreptunghi
triangle inim
star hexagon
pyramid pentagon
rectangle ascuit
heart
hexagon
pentagon
sharp
familie
arbore genealogic
Family biat
fat
family brbat
family tree femeie
boy bebelu
girl precolar
man copil
woman gemeni
baby adolescent
toddler adult
child/kid btrn
twins mam
teenage tat
adult sor
elder frate
mother-mom-mum-mommy prini
father dad - daddy mtu
sister unchi
brother verior
parents fiu
aunt fiic
uncle soie
cousin so
son bunici
daughter bunic
wife bunic
husband nepot (al bunicilor)
grandparents nepot (al mtuilor i unchilor)
grandmother/grandma nepoat (al mtuilor i
grandfather/grandpa unchilor)
grandchild frate vitreg

6
nephew prieten
niece prieten
step brother partener
boyfriend logodnic
girlfriend logodnic
partner na
fianc na
fiance fin
godfather fin
godmother adopie
godson rud
goddaughter singurul copil
adoption parinte singur
adopted singur
only child logodit
single parent cstorit
single desprit
engaged divorat
married vduv
separated vduv
divorced soacr
widow luna de miere
widower rochia de mireasa
mother-in-law ziua nuntii
honeymoon socru
wedding dress ginere
wedding day nor
father-in-law cumnat
son-in-law cumnat
daughter-in-law relaie sau ruda
sister-in-law adoptat
brother-in-law
relation sau relative
adopted
corp
Body parts pri
os
body piele
parts muchi
bone schelet
skin pr
muscle cap
frunte
7
skeleton obraz
hair brbie
head ochi
forehead ureche
cheek buze
chin gur
eye dini
ear sprncean
lips gean
mouth pleoap
teeth gt
eyebrow limb
eyelash umr
eyelid nas
neck fa
tongue spate
shoulder nar
nose piept
face bra
back mn
nostril palm
chest deget
arm unghie
hand unghie la deget de la mn
palm deget mare mn
finger
nail deget de la picior
fingernail unghie la deget de la picior
thumb burt
toe buric
toenail ncheietur
belly/tummy cot
belly button genunchi
wrist picior
elbow laba piciorului
knee fund
leg clci
foot glezn
bottom olduri
heel barb
ankle musta
hips coaps
beard perciuni
8
moustache
thigh
sideburns
haine
Clothes pnz
material
clothes accesorii
cloth portofel
fabric geant, plas
accessories poet
wallet serviet
bag inel
purse brar
suitcase lnior
ring ochelari de vedere
bracelet ochelari de soare
necklace ceas
glasses cercei
sunglasses rucsac
watch ghiozdan
earings curea
backpack lenjerie de corp (intim)
schoolbag chiloi
belt
underwear costum de baie
panties halat de baie
swimsuit papuci de cas
bathrobe maieu
slippers sutien
vest buzunar
bra fermoar
pocket nasture
zipper batist (de material)
button salopet
handkerchief ireturi
overalls or
shoelaces tenii
apron adidai
sneakers blugi
trainers cravat
jeans papion
tie costum
trening
9
bowtie hain de ploaie
suit hain
jumper palton
raincoat jachet
coat jerseu
overcoat pulover
jacket vest
sweater pantaloni scuri
pullover pantaloni
west tricou cu mnec scurt
shorts cma
pants/trousers bluz
t-shirt rochie
shirt fust
blouse ciorapi lungi, colani
dress pijamale
skirt cciul cu ciucure
tights plrie
pyjamas apc
beanie hat fular, earf
hat mnui
cap osete
scarf pantofi
gloves cizme
socks sandale
shoes lapi
boots prosop
sandals
flip-flops
towel

fruct
Fruits par
mr
fruit kiwi
pear prun
apple cais
kiwi piersic
plum struguri
apricot banan
peach pepene
grapes pepene rou, lebeni
cirea
10
banana lmie
melon portocal
watermelon nuc de cocos
cherry nuc
lemon alun
orange mango
coconut ananas
nut/wallnut grepfrut
peanut rodie
mango mr gutui
pineapple ghimbir
grapefruit cpun
pomegranate afin
quince mur
ginger zmeur
strawberry coacze roii
blueberry coacze negre
blackberry stafide negre
raspberry stafide albe
redcurrants
blackcurrants avocado
raisins
sultanas
avocado

legum
Vegetables mrar
spanac
vegetable ceap verde
dill usturoi verde
spinach ceap
spring onion usturoi
spring garlic roie
onion cartof
garlic ptrunjel
tomato vnt
potato porumb
parsley mslin
eggplant elin
corn morcov
olive dovleac
celery dovlecel
salat verde
11
carrot varz
pumpkin castravete
squash mazre
lettice ridiche
cabbage ardei
cucumber ciuperc
peas ardei iute
raddish fasole
pepper busuioc
mushroom conopid
chilly pepper brocoli
kidney bean varz de Bruxelles
basil
cauliflower
broccoli
brussel sprout
marin
siren
Marine animals
foc
mors
marine pinguin
mermaid pete
seal clu de mare
walrus pisic de mare
penguin rechin
fish balen
seahorse delfin
stingray crab
shark homar
whale ton
dolphin meduz
crab caracati
lobster calamar
tuna stea de mare
jellyfish somon
octopus crevete
squid scoic
starfish pescru
salmon pelican
shrimp
oyster insecte
seagull purice
pelican molie
12
libelul
insects licurici
flea viespe
moth omid
dragonfly lcust
firefly greier
wasp gndac
caterpillar privighetoare
grasshopper domestic
cricket slbatic
beetle fluture
hummingbird musc
domestic nar
wild furnic
butterfly albin
fly
mosquito gndac de colorado
ant buburuz
bee
colorado (potato) beetle
ladybirdladybug

pisic
cine
Domestic animals
vac
viel
cat
porc
dog
purcel
cow
gin
calf
coco
pig
pui de gin
piglet
pui
hen
gsc
rooster
pui de gsc
chick
ra
chicken
pui de ra, ruc
goose
cal
gossling
mnz
duck
mgar
duckling
taur
horse
capr
foul
ied
donkey
oaie
13
bull berbec
goat miel
kid porcuor de guineea
sheep oarece
ram hamster
lamb iepure
guineea pig curcan
mouse lebd
hamster pun
rabbit pete
turkey stru
swan
peacock
fish
ostrich

pum
Wild animals urs
vulpe polar
cougar urs polar
bear cmil
polar fox ghepard
polar bear crocodil
camel cioar
cheetah cprioar
crocodile porumbel alb, turturea
crow porumbel
deer pasre
dove papagal
pigeon elefant
bird vulpe
parrot corb
elephant broasc
fox giraf
raven hipopotam
frog cangur
giraffe koala
hippo leu
kangarooo maimu
koala elan
lion prepeli
monkey bufni
urs panda
14
moose vultur
quail sconcs
owl raton
panda ren
eagle rinocer
skunk barz
raccoon veveri
reindeer rndunic
rhino tigru
stork estoas
squirrel lup
swallow
tiger ciocnitoare
turtle castor
wolf melc
woodpecker arpe
beaver pianjen
snail pnz de pianjen
snake zebr
spider arici
cobweb porc mistre
zebra vidr
hedgehog oprl
wils bear vrabie
otter cleti
lizard solzi
sparrow acvariu
pincers rezervor
scales pete auriu
aquarium anten
tank vierme
goldfish arip
antenna pene
worm cioc
wing privighetoare
feathers oim
beak corb
nightingale cioar
hawk cuc
raven broasc rioas
crow obolan
cuckoo viezure
toad taur
15
rat miau
wiessel ham
bull crti
miaow a antrena/dresa
woof a clri un ponei
mole a plimba cinele/ a scoate
to train cinele la plimbare
to ride a pony a ine un animal de
to walk the dog/to take the dog for companie/casa
a walk a muca
to keep a pet a clri un cal
to bite a hrni puii
to ride a horse pisicu/pui de pisic
to feed the chickens mnz
kitten celu/pui de cine
foal ponei
puppy papagal
pony a ltra
parrot
to bark

Professions -Jobs profesie


serviciu, meserie
profession ocupaie
job pompier
occupation poliist
fireman doctor
policeman asistent
doctor pictor, zugrav
nurse brutar
painter fermier
baker frizer
farmer preot
hairdresser balerin
minister, priest zidar
ballerina crmid
bricklayer ofer
brick buctar
driver actor
cook, chef cntre
actor ofer
vnztor
16
singer profesor
driver nvtor
shopassistant, seller tmplar
professor electrician
teacher ofer de autobuz
carpenter judector
electrician avocat
bus driver antrenor
judge
lawyer inginer
coach salvamar
engineer mecanic
lifeguard muzician
mechanic pilot
musician croitor
pilot veterinar
tailor osptar
vet foto
waiter publicitate
photographer proprietar
advertising interpret, translator
landlord designer de interior
interpreter creaie, model
interior designer pota
design bibliotecar
postman casnic
librarian pescar
housewife muncitor n fabric
fisherman arhitect
factory worker ho
architect contrabandist
thief politician
smuggler ho de buzunare
politician falsificator
pickpocket distribuitor de droguri
forger ho de case, sprgtor
drug dealer om de tiin
burglar cercettor
scientist fizician
researcher meteorolog
physicist chimist
meteorologist botanist
chemist biolog
17
botanist soldat
biologist marinar
soldier sportiv
sailor avocat
sportsman judector
lawyer gard de corp
judge cntre
bodyguard dansator
Singer regizor de film
dancer scriitor
film director sculptor
writer jurnalist
sculptor editor
journalist pilot
editor capitan de vapor
pilot nsoitor de zbor,stewardez
sea captain mecanic
flight attendant maseuz
mechanic maseur
masseuse electrician
masseur decorator
electrician instructor auto
decorator instalator
driving instructor constructor
plumber tmplar
builder fierar
carpenter chirurg
blacksmith veterinar
surgeon ddac
vet sau veterinary psihiatru
nanny asistent
psychiatrist dentist
nurse consilier
dentist croitor
counsellor frizer
tailor casier
hairdresser cumprtor
cashier mcelar
buyer contabil, cel ce ine registrele
butcher secretar
bookkeeper recepionist
secretary economist
receptionist om de afaceri
18
economist femeie de afaceri
businessman administrator de banc
businesswoman contabil
bank manager pensionat
accountant neangajat, omer
retired liber profesionist
unemployed a fi pe concediu medical
self-employed a face grev
to be off sick experien de lucru
to go on strike munc, lucru
work experience curs de perfecionare
work pontaj
training course grev
timekeeping securitate
strike birou
security ntlnire
office stagiu de practic
meeting fabric
internship experien
factory departament
experience ucenicie, practic
department vrsta de pensionare
apprenticeship a demisiona
retirement age practicant
to resign ucenic
trainee voluntar
apprentice a concedia
volunteer ef
to fire coleg
boss proprietar
colleague director
owner salarii, venituri
director condiii de munc
wages promoie
working conditions salariu de boal
promotion salariu
sick pay munc suplimentar
salary concediu de maternitate
overtime concediu pltit/de vacan
maternity leave
holiday pay

19
Travelling cltorie
bagaj- serviet- valiz-
travel geamantan
luggage-suitcase-briefcase
coach bus autocar
I.D.- identity card buletin, carte de identitate
birth certificate certificat de natere
marriage license certificat de cstorie
passport paaport
sign semn
picnic picnic
road drum, strad
freeway autosrad
globe glob
hotel hotel
tent cort
camping camping
seat loc
ticket bilet
compass busol
map hart
traffic lights semafor
wheel roat

Transportation
transport
transport
mijloc de transport
transportation
main
car
autobus
bus
autocar
coach bus
ambulan
ambulance
scuter
scooter
biciclet
bycicle
triciclet
trycicle
tren
train
avion
plane
elicopter
helicopter
telecabin
ropeway
trsur
carriage
motociclet
motorcycle
tir
truck
camion
20
lorry dub
van
boat barc
ship nav, vapor
gas benzin
gas station staie de benzin
fuel combustibil
elevator lift

Buildings

building cldire
house cas
mansion vil
church biseric
bank banc
library bibliotec
school coal
photo fotografie
kindergarten grdini
nursery cmin
cinema cinema
movie film
high-school liceu
university universitate
hospital spital
clinic clinic
market pia
supermarket supermarket
post-office oficiu potal
restaurant resurant
caf cafenea
park parc
store magazin
hotel hotel
barn hambar/ur
castle castel
factory fabric
block bloc
tower turn
bookstore librrie

21
skyscraper zgrie-nori

Toys

toy jucrie
truck camion, tir
car main
doll house cas de ppui
muppet marionet
rocking horse clu leagn
birthday zi de natere
gift, present cadou
boat barc
blocks cuburi de jucrie
train tren
board game joc de societate
game joc
kite zmeu
ball minge
doll ppu
balloon balon
teddy bear ursule de plu
plush rabbit iepura de plu

Halloween
liliac
bat
pisic neagr
black cat
pianjen
spider
pnz, reea
web
pnz de pianjen
cobweb
poiune
potion
vraj
spell
cazan
cauldron
magie
magic
fantom
ghost
mumie
mummy
craniu
skull
skeleton
schelet
pumpkin
dovleac
22
haunted bntuit
monster monstru
Frankensteins monster monstrul lui Frankenstein
haunted house cas bntuit
owl bufni
clown clovn
pillowcase fa de pern
party petrecere
mask masc
grave mormnt
graveyard ,cemetery cimitir
broom mtur
candy bomboan
coffin sicriu
costume costum
werewoolf vrcolac
vampire vampir
skary de speriat
spooky nfricotor
full moon lun plin
witch vrjitoare
wizard vrjitor
trick truc
treat ceva bun, gustare dulce
trick or treat ne dai ori nu ne dai/ ne dai
ceva sau o-ncurcai

Prepositions

or sau, ori
and i
in n
inside nuntru
outside n afar
behind n spatele
in front of n faa
under sub
above
at deasupra
from la
for de la
pentru
23
because din cauz c, deoarece
between ntre
near n apropiere
next to lng
over peste
question ntrebare
answer rspuns
what ce
who cine
whom pe cine
whose al cui
which care
when cnd
why de ce
with cu
and i
of de
where unde
how cum
how much = U.N. ct de mult, cte
how many = C.N. ct de mult, cte

Wedding

bridesmaid domnioar de onoare


wedding nunt
licence marriage certificat de cstorie
bride mireas
groom mire
fianc logodnic
best man cavaler de onoare
maid of honour domnioar de onoare
bouquet buchet
champagne ampanie
present cadou
widow
guests vduv
fancy invitai, musafiri
casual elegant
invitation de zi cu zi
engagement invitaie
logodn
24
engagement ring inel de logodn
ring inel
weddingband verighet
first dance primul dans
wedding cake tort de nunt
bells clopote
priest preot
band trup
musicians muzicieni
fun distracie
funeral nmormntare
dead mort
ceremony ceremonie
coffin sicriu
fantasy fantastic, fantezie
world lume
king rege
queen regin
prince prin
princess prines
emperor mprat
wizard vrjitor
witch vrjitoare
fairy zn
godmother na
godfather na
giant uria
elf spiridu
angel nger
devil diavol, drac
hell iad
heaven rai
God Dumnezeu
bible biblie

Plants and trees

plants plante
tree copac
leaf frunz
oak stejar
bush tufi
buruian
25
weed iarb
grass trunchi
trunk vrf de copac, coroan
treetop ramur, creang
branch ghind
acorn brad
fir crin
lily garoaf
carnation trandafir
rose lalea
tulip stropitoare
watering pot nufr
water lily ghiocel
snowdrop margaret
daisy crizantem
dandelion floarea-soarelui
sunflower floare
flower panselu
pansy lcrimioar
lily of the valley arar
mapple

Time
timp
time secund
second or
hour jumtate
half sfert
quarter fix
sharp a se grbi
to hurry up a ntrzia
to be late ct este ora?
What is the time?
seven oclock ora 7 (7:00)
eight sharp ora 8 fix (8:00)
a quarter to eight 8 fr un sfert (7:45)
a quarter past nine 9 i un sfert (9:15)
half past nine 9 i jumtate (9:30)

In town
ora/localitate
town/city
sat
26
village muzeu
museum brutrie
bakery oficiu potal
post office pia
market cinema
cinema film
movie magazin
store a cumpra
to shop a depozita
to store a opri
to stop a telefona
to phone a atepta
to wait a plti
to pay a face o plimbare
to take/make a walk parc
park fntn
well vitrin
shop window staie de autobuz
bus station tramvai
tram autobuz
bus tren
train avion
plane/aeroplane aeroport
airport elicopter
helicopter staie
station teren de joac
playground a se legna
to swing leagn
swing a sta
to sit a plnge
to cry
to throw the ball a arunca mingea
bucket gleat
shovel lopat
sand nisip
slide tobogan
waterfall cascad
to play a se juca
to run a alerga
to walk a se plimba
to climb a se cra
to play together a se juca mpreun
to play hide and seek a se juca de-a v-ai ascunselea
27
sports sporturi
musical instruments instrumente muzicale
colleague coleg
classmate coleg de clas
friend prieten
peer, buddy amic

Sports and musical


instruments
sport
judo
sport
not
judo
baschet
swim
volei
basketball
tenis
volleyball
patinaj
tennis
fotbal
ice-skating
muzic
football
vocal
music
pian
vocal
acordeon
piano
chitar
accordion
tobe
guitar
bee de tobe
drums
vioar
drumsticks
btaie de tobe
violin
flaut
drumroll
flute
muzicu
harmonica
role
roller skates
a schia, schiuri
skiing, skiis
ciclism
cycling
box
boxing

At the kindergarten and


school grdini
coal
kindergarten liceu
school cmin
high-school a picta
nursery a desena
28
to paint foarfec
to draw creion
scissors acuarele
crayon pensul
watercolours lipici
paintbrush band
glue band scoci
tape a construi
tape-scotch a tia
to build foaie dehrtie
to cut hrtie
sheet of paper autocolant
paper plastilin
sticky tape rucsac
plasticine ghiozdan
backpack a sri
schoolbag a sri peste
to jump coard, frnghie
to skip a sri coarda
rope gimnastic
to skip the rope educator
gymnastics nvtor
kindergarten teacher profesor
primary school teacher profesor la facultate
teacher cerneal
professor elev
ink
pupil stilou
pen creion
pencil pix
felt-tip, pen penar
pencil-case radier
rubber, eraser liniar
ruler marker fluorescent,
highlighter evideniator
marker marker, carioc
chalk cret
whiteboard tabl alb
blackboard tabl neagr
video-projector video proiector
to read a citi
to think a gndi
to write a scrie
29
to count a numra, asocoti
to raise the hand a ridica mna
to answer a rspunde
to put a question a pune o ntrebare
to ask something a ntreba ceva
desk birou, banc
lesson lecie
classroom sal de clas
map hart
paints picturi, tablouri
sharpener ascuitoare
book carte
note noti
notebook caiet
exercise book culegere, carte de exerciii
globe glob
uniform uniform
headband cordelu
chest cufr
classroom sala de clas
desk banc, birou
lesson lecie
homework tem de cas
exercise book culegere de exerciii
test test
half term semestru
class or de la coal
reading citire
writing scriere
arithmetic aritmetic
spelling rostire pe litere
head teacher diriginte
headmaster director
headmistress directoare
pupil elev
break pauz
school holiday vacan de srbtoare
school meals mas la coal
changing room garderob
gym gimnastic
playground teren de joac
lecture hall sal de lectur
library bibliotec
30
laboratory laborator
locker vestiar
playing field loc de joac
sports hall sal de sport
undergraduate student
graduate absolvent
Bachelor's degree diplom de licen
Master's degree diplom de masterat
diploma diplom
thesis tez
dissertation dizertaie
lecture lectur
debate dezbatere
higher education nvmntul superior
semester semestru
student loan mprumut pentru studeni
tuition fees taxe colare
university campus campus universitar
exam examen
essay sau paper eseu
to sit an exam a da un examen
to fail an exam a pica un examen
to pass an exam a trece un examen
to study a studia
to learn a nva
to revise a recapitula
curriculum materie general, curiculum
subject subiect, materie
exam results rezultat al examenului
qualification calificare
certificate certificat
attendance prezen
textbook manual
question ntrebare
answer rspuns
mistake sau error greeal, eroare
history istorie
music muzic
modern languages limbi moderne
theology teologie
philosophy filozofie
astronomy astronomie
biology biologie
31
chemistry chimie
dentistry stomatologie
physics fizic
science tiine
politics politic
economics economie
archaeology arheologie
sociology sociologie
business studies studii de afaceri
geography geografie
law lege
maths matematic
advertiser reclam
appointment programare, ntlnire
job offer ofert de munc
interview interviu
qualifications calificare
to apply for a job a aplica pentru un loc de
to accept an offer munc
to reject an offer a accepta un loc de munc
to hire a refuza un loc de munc
career a angaja
shift work carier
full-time tur de lucru
temporary program de lucru complet
contract temporar
permanent contract
bonus permanent
company car bonus
health insurance main de serviciu
working hours asigurare de sntate
ore lucrtoare

My house

house
room cas
thing camer
yard lucru
fence curte
gate gard
garden poart
grdin
32
roof acoperi
door u
window fereastr
entry intrare
chimney emineu
garage garaj
alley alee
path crare
tree copac
wall perete
ceiling tavan
apartment apartament
kitchen buctrie
bedroom dormitor
batheroom baie
hall hol
living-room sufragerie
dining-room sal de mese
childrens room camera copiilor
study room camer de studiu
office
desk birou
table banc, birou
chair mas
armchair scaun
sofa fotoliu
curtain canapea
carpet perdea
drawer covor
wardrobe sertar
wastebin dulap, garderob
bed co de gunoi
pillow pat
blanket pern
doll ptur
teddy bear ppu
ball ursule
ballon minge
toy box balon
clock cutie de jucrii
dressing table ceas
chest of drawers msu de toalet
backpack comod cu sertare
33
schoolbag rucsac
television ghiozdan
picture frame televizor
frame ram de fotografie
picture/painting ram
bookshelf, bookcase pictur, tablou
telephone bibliotec
lamp telefon
remote control lamp
corner telecomand
mirror col
to rest oglind
to sleep a se odihni
to watch T.V. a dormi
sink a se uita la T.V.
soap chiuvet
shampoo spun
toilet paper ampon
towel hrtie igienic
toothbrush prosop
toothpaste periu de dini
face cream past de dini
eye cream crem de fa
hairdryer crem de ochi
comb usctor de pr
brush pieptene
to brush perie
to comb a peria
bathtub a pieptna
shower van, cad
shower cabin du
hairbrush cabin de du
sponge perie de pr
foam burete
bubble spum
scale bul
socket cntar
fireplace priz
toilet emineu
lamp toalet
lightbulb lamp
moisturizer bec
to dry crem hidratant
34
to wet a usca
to take a bath a uda
to take a shower a face baie
lets cook a face du
Im hungry s gtim
Im thirsty mi-e foame
cupboard mi-e sete
oven dulap debuctrie
hub cuptor
cooker hot
microwave oven aragaz
dishwasher cuptor de microunde
washing machine main desplat vase
fridge main de splat haine
mixer frigider
toaster mixer
sandwichmaker aparat de prjit pine
chopping board aparat de fcut sadviuri
frying pan toctor, curptor
freezer tigaie
sink congelator
tap chiuvet
tapwater handle robinet
door knob ap de la robinet
kettle mner
teapot ibric
coffee machine ceainic
table aparat de cafea
table cloth mas
broom fa de mas
dustpan mtur
pot fra
lid oal
laddle capac
spatula polonic
tea towel spatul
colander crp
grater strecurtoare
cup rztoare
mug ceac
jug can
bowl caraf
glass bol
35
plate pahar de sticl
fork farfurie
spoon furculi
teaspoon lingur
knife linguri
washing detergent cuit
vacuum cleaner detergent
dish aspirator
dish rack vas
office suport de vas
stairs birou
floor scri
cellar etaj
attic beci, pivni
Food, drinks and deserts pod

chocolate
food ciocolat
drink mncare
dessert butur
water desert
flat water ap
tap water ap plat
tea ap de la robinet
coffee ceai
milk cafea
juice lapte
orange juice suc
tomato juice suc de portocale
bullion suc de roii
lemonade bulion
sparkling water, club soda, mineral limonad
water ap mineral
soda suc gazos
cocoa cacao
herbal tea ceai de plante
wine vin
beer bere
champagne ampanie
syrup sirop
yoghurt iaurt
hot chocolate ciocolat cald
ceai cu ghea
36
iced tea ghea
ice ulei
oil ulei de msline
olive oil ulei de floarea-soarelui
sunflower oil oet
vinegar acru
sour amar
bitter dulce
sweet srat
salty sare
salt piper
pepper condimente
condiments
spicy condimentat/iute
raw crud
stale sttut
fresh proaspt
burnt ars
tasty gustos
delicious delicios
disgusting dezgusttor
horrible oribil
terrible teribil
to boil a fierbe
to freeze a nghea/congela
juicy suculent
to fry a prji
to bake a coace
ketchup ketchup
mustrad mutar
mayonnaise maionez
pickle murtur
to cut a tia
to chop a mruni
to slice a felia
to peel a decoji
to grate a rzui
to break a rupe/a sparge
to beat a bate
to stir a amesteca
to pour a turna
to mix a amesteca
to put in a pune n
37
to take out a lua din
to cook a gti
to bake a coace
to steam a fierbe la abur
steam abur
to roast a prji
to crush a zdrobi
to grease a unge
to add a aduga
to weigh a cntri
to measure a msura
to knead a frmnta
to knit a tricota
bag pung/geant
can cutie (de metal)
jar borcan
bottle sticl (recipient)
carton (cutie) carton
loaf franzel
tub/container tub, recipient
box cutie
roll rol
paper roll rol de hrtie
tissue erveel
to flip a ntoarce
cup ceac
empty gol
full plin
pack pachet
package ambalaj
stick b
margarine margarin
butter unt
egg ou
boiled egg ou fiert
fried egg ou prjit
scrambled egg omlet
sugar zahr
flour fin
rice orez
pasta paste
corn flour fin d eporumb
spaghetti spaghete
38
noodles tiei
jam dulcea, gem
marmelade marmelad
honey miere
cake tort
bread pine
pie plcint
pudding budinc
ice-cream ngheat
pancake cltit
roast beef friptur de vit
ham unc
salami salam
turkey curcan
sandwich sandvi
beef vit
chicken pui
potato chips chipsuri de cartofi
pretzels covrigei
popcorn popcorn (floricele de porumb)
soup sup
salad salat
baked potatoes cartofi copi
stuffed peppers cartofi prjii
pizza pizza
baguette baghet
cream crem, smntn
yoghurt iaurt
whipped cream fric
hot dog hot dog
chicken wings aripioare de pui
hamburger hamburger
steak friptur
bun chifl
meat carne
meatballs chiftele
pork porc, carne de porc
mashed potatoes cartofi piure
cookie fursec
biscuit biscuit
fried chicken pui prjit
bacon bacon, slnin
toast pine prjit
39
fish pete
salmon somon
trout pstrv
doughnut gogoa
muffin/cupcake brio
croissant corn
waffles vafe
tuna ton
sausages crnai
straw pai
waiter osptar
menu meniu
apetizer aperitiv
main course fel principal
cereals cereale
dog food mncare pentru cini
cat food mncare pentru pisici
cheese brnz
restaurant restaurant
napkin erveel
chef buctar
tray tav
check not de plat
caf cafenea
snack gustare
breakfast mic dejun
lunch prnz
dinner cin
meal mas (a zilei)
backyard curtea din spate
frontyard curtea din fa
moist umed
wool ln
cream crem
poison otrav
life via

Different categories

different diferit
category categorie
secol
40
century an bisect
leap year acum
now atunci
then curnd
soon
later trziu
never niciodat
rarely rar
often deseori
always ntotdeauna
sometimes cteodat
usually de obicei
to get married a se cstori
to get separated a se despri, separa
to get divorced a divora
to get baptized a fi botezat
to be born se nate
to die a muri
separated separat
baptism botez
divorced divorat
married cstorit
fabric material
plastic plastic
metal metal
stone piatr
silver argint
gold aur
rock roc
steel oel
stainless steel inox
wood lemn
iron fier
calcium calciu
dirt murdrie, noroi
root rdcin
cliff stnc
earthquake cutremur
harbour port
silk mtase
cotton bumbac
polyester poliester
elastan elastic
41
rubber gum, cauciuc
trunk trunchi
bridge pod
pony ponei
screen ecran
homework tem
exam examen
result rezultat
activity activitate
worksheet fi de lucru
test test
grade clas
mark not
hoof copit
claw ghear
paw lab
fur blan
snout bot
to bark a ltra
to bite a muca
to train a antrena, a dresa
bench banc (de stat pe ea)
rake grebl
shovel lopat
pitchfork furc
Cinderella Cenureasa
cinder cenusa
Little Red Riding Hood Scufia Roie
tool unealt
toolbox cutie deunelte
hammer ciocan
saw fierstru
wheelbarrow roab
ladder scar
pliers patent
screw urub
screwdriver urubelni
nail cui
gadget accesoriu/dispozitiv ingenios
printer imprimant
computer calculator, computer
laptop laptop
lap brae
42
cellphone telefon mobil
telephone telefon
video camera camer video
photo camera camer foto
calculator calculator
headphones cti (mari)
earphones cti (mici, de ureche)
earplugs dopuri de urechi
hair style frizur
pony tail coad de cal
wavy ondulat
curly cre
straight drept
bun coc
plait mpletitur
beard barb
moustache musta
goatee cioc
bald chel
sideburns perciuni
gray hair pr crunt
dyed hair pr vopsit

Seasons, weather, nature


anotimp
season
vreme
weather
natur
nature
primvar
spring
var
summer
toamn
autumn/fall
iarn
winter
nor
cloud
cer
sky
curcubeu
rainbow
soare
sun
iarb
grass
buruian
weed
rdcin
root
mugur, boboc
bud
flower
floare
43
sea mare
beach plaj
sand nisip
sand castle castel de nisip
swimming pool piscin
seashell scoic (carapace)
to sunbathe a se bronza
chaise longue ezlong
heat canicul, cldur
hot fierbinte
cold rece
warm cldu
chilly rcoros
chill rcoare
freezing nghe
shade umbr
sunshine raz de soare
shine raz, strlucire
wind vnt
rain ploaie
harvest recolt
fog cea
basket of fruits co cu fructe
sledge sanie
snow zpad
snowball bulgre de zpad
snowflake fulg de zpad
snowman om de zpad
Santa Claus Mo Crciun
Christmas Crciun
Christmas day ziua de Crciun
Christmas eve seara de Crciun
Christmas tree pom de crciun
fir brad
Christmas lights luminie de Crciun
dry leaf frunz uscat
grain gru
hay fn
umrella umbrel
bells clopote
migrating birds psri migratoare
bow fund
candy bomboan
44
candy cane beior de zahr (bastona)
candle lumnare
elf spiridu
garland ghirland
ornaments ornamente, globuri
Santas Sack sacul lui Mo Crciun
Its snowing! ninge
Its raining! plou
snowy cu zpad
New Year Anul Nou
New Years eve seara de anul Nou
New Years day ziua de anul Nou
Easter Pate
Easter bunny iepuraul de Pate
Easter eggs ou de Pate
bible biblie
crucifixion rstignire
resurrection nviere
cross cruce
icicles ururi
ice ghea
thunder tunet
lightning fulger
wave val
storm furtun
stormy furtunos
sunny nsorit
windy cu vnt
wind vnt
blizzard viscol
rainy ploios
rain ploaie
fire foc
raindrop pictur de ploaie
drop pictur
fan evantai, ventilator
fire foc
earth pmnt
water ap
forest pdure
cave peter
field cmp
path crare
45
hill deal
lake lac
river ru
ocean ocean
sea mare
pond iaz
puddle balt
waterfall cascad
desert deert
mountain munte
underwater sub ap
space spaiu
zoo grdin zoologic
seashore rm
stone stnc, piatr
cliff stnc
village sat
view vedere, privelite
lanscape peisaj
flood inundaie
dry uscat
drought secet
thunderstorm furtun cu tunete
elder btrn
retired pensionar
adult adult
young adult adult tnr
life stage etap a vieii
whiteout past corectoare
paperclip agraf dehrtie
holepunch perforator
stapler capsator
folder dosar
theatre teatru
new moon lun nou
moon lun
full moon lun plin
star stea
iron fier
whisk musta
baking tray tav de copt
salt shaker solni
juicer storctor (de fructe/legume)
46
Hail grindin
humid umed
Sleet lapovi
Shower ploaie scurta
Mist cea
breeze briz
strong wind vnt puternic
gale vijelie
tornado tornad
hurricane uragan
frost nghe
drought secet
heat wave val de caldura
foggy nceoat
misty nceoat
icy inghetat
Fahrenheit Fahrenheit
Climate climat
climate change schimbarea climei
global warming incalzire globala
Celsius Celsius
degree grad
thermometer termometru
humidity umiditate
temperature temperatur
rainfall ploua cu galeata
weather forecast prognoza meteo
melt topire
hailstone chiciur
overcast nnorat
dull vreme urt
fine frumos afar
rainy ploios
sunny insorit
Drizzle aversa

Medicine

medicine medicin, medicament


doctor doctor
nurse asistent
ache durere
durere de urechi
47
an earache durere de dini
a toothache durere de stomac
a stomach ache durere de cap
a headache gt iritat
a sore throat febr
a fever tuse
a cough rceal
a cold grip
the flu gips
cast vitamin
vitamin calciu
calcium raz X, radiografie
x-ray perfuzie
perfusion microscop
microscope stetoscop
stethoscope trus de prim-ajutor
first aid kit termometru
thermometer pilul
pill sering
syringe cretere
growth hormon
hormone bolnav
ill boal
illness bolnav
sick sntate
health sntos
healthy reacie alergic
allergic reaction alergie
allergy amnezie
amnesia apendicit
appendicitis artrit
arthritis
asthma astm
chest pain durere n piept
chicken pox varicel
cold rceal
cold sore herpes
concussion contuzie
conjunctivitis conjuctivit
constipation constipaie
cramp cramp
cough tuse
cut tietur
48
sickness boal
altitude altitudine
Acne acnee
backache durere de spate
bleeding sngerare
blister bic
boil bub
broken rupt
bronchitis bronit
bruise vntaie
cancer cancer
dehydration deshidratare
dementia demen
depression depresie
diabetes diabet
diarrheea diaree
disease boal
dizziness ameeal
dizzy ameit
fever febr
food poisoning toxiinfecie alimentar
fracture fractur
frostbite degertur
injury ran
ingrown toenail unghie de la picior ncarnat
insomnia insomnie
leukaemia leucemie
lump cucui
measles pojar
meningitis meningit
gout gut
headache durere de cap
hay fever alergie la polen
heart attack atac de inim/cord
heart disease boal de inim
Nausea grea
Mumps oreion
Pneumonia pneumonie
Polio poliomielit
Rabies rabie
rash iritaie
rheumatism reumatism
infection infecie
49
inflammation inflamaie
indigestion indigestie
sprain a scrnti
splinter hemoragia unghiei
sore throat gt iritat
spots pete
stress stres
stroke atac
sunburn arsur solar
swelling umfltur
tonsillitis amigdalit
tuberculosis tuberculoz
virus virus
antibiotics antibiotice
prescription reet de medicamente
medicine medicament, medicin
pill pastil, pilul
tablet tablet
Surgeon chirurg
patient pacient
operation operaie
ward salon de spital
surgery operaie
well bine, sntos
painful dureros
pain durere
unconscious incontient
swollen umflat, imflamat
septic septic
inflamed inflamat
infected infectat
appointment programare
waiting room camer de ateptare
blood pressure tensiune arterial
blood sample analiz de snge
pulse puls
blind orb
deaf surd
partially sighted cu vedere parial
disabled cu dizabiliti
paralysed paralizat
pregnancy sarcin
injection infecie
50
to give birth a da natere
puss puroi
scar cicatrice
stitches suturi, custuri
wound ran
bandage bandaj
crutches crje
hearing aid aparat auditiv
sling bandaj elastic
splint atel
wheelchair scaun cu rotile
bandages bandaje
eye drops picturi de ochi
first aid kit trus de prim-ajutor
lip balm sau lip salve balsam de buze
sleeping tablets somnifere
tissues erveele
vitamin pills vitamine
baby foods mncare de bebelui
baby wipes erveele de bebelui
hot water bottle sticl cu ap fierbinte
sun cream crem de soare
paracetamol paracetamol
painkillers calmante
plasters plasturi
freckles pistrui
jaw maxilar
earlobe lobul urechii
eardrum timpan
wrinkles riduri
Adam's apple mrul lui Adam
Armpit subioar
Breast sn
sole talp
waist talie
appendix apendice
bladder vezic
blood vessel vas de snge, ven
brain creier
cartilage cartilaj
heart inim
intestines intestine
large intestine intestinul gros
51
small intestine intestinul subire
kidney rinichi
lungs plmni
organ organ
spleen splin
stomach stomac
tonsils amigdale
vein ven
tears lacrimi
urine urin
vomit vom
fat grsime
flesh carne
joint ncheietur
limb membru
nerve nerv
windpipe trahee
rib coast
rib cage cutie toracic
skull craniu
blood snge
to cry a plnge
to hiccup a sughia
to have the hiccups a avea sughiuri
to sneeze a strnuta
to sweat sau to perspire a transpira
to yawn a csca
to breathe a respira
phlegm flegm
saliva sau spit saliv, scuipat

Feelings and adjectives

feeling sentiment
quality calitate
mad nebun
angry nervos
furious furios
disgusted dezgustat
annoyed enervat
uptight ncordat
plictisit
52
bored dezamgit
disappointed crud
cruel ur
hate dragoste
love afeciune
affection fric
fear temtor
fearful panic
panick fricos
afraid mpietrit
petrified terifiat
terrified ameninare
threat ameninat
threatened nesigur
insecure sigur
secure securitate
security inferior
inferior superior
superior timid
timid ngheat
frozen ngrijorat
worried
unsure nesigur
shy timid
nervous nervos, agitat
anxious nerbdtor
jealous gelos
scared speriat
hope speran
hopeless fr speran
empty gol
full plin
upset suprat
help ajutor
helpless fr ajutor, neajutorat
courage curaj
courageous curajos
discouraged descurajat
hurt rnit
use folos
useless fr folos
grief jale
despair disperare
53
miserable mizerabil
optimistic optimist
pessimistic pesimist
happy fericit
unhappy nefericit
excited ncntat
lost pierdut
found gsit
isolated izolat
isolation izolare
distant distant
lonely singur
loneliness singurtate
separated separat
left out lsat pe dinafar
picked up ridicat
dropped scpat pe jos
detached detaat
forgotten uitat
solitary solitar
abandoned abandonat
shame ruine
ashamed ruinat
guilt vin
guilty vinovat
remorse remucare
weird ciudat
rejected respins
rejection respingere
humiliated umilit
humiliation umilire
mortified chinuit
calm calm, linite
content mulumit
discontent nemulumit
cheerful voios
joy bucurie
joyful bucuros
amused amuzat
amusement amuzament
eager nerbdtor
warm cald
pleasant plcut
54
tranquil linitit
peace pace
peaceful mpcat
cold rece
satisfied mulumit, satisfcut
confusion confuzie
confused confuz
proud mndru
surprised surprins
frightened speriat
sad trist
sadness tristee
brave curajos
in love ndrgostit
thought gnd
thoughtful gnditor
stubborn ncpnat
distracted distras
fun distracie
funny amuzant
hesitant ezitant
impatient nerbdtor
obligated obligat
suspicious suspicios
suspance suspans
coward la
comfortable confortabil
uncomfortable neconfortabil
safe n siguran
unsafe nesiguran
unsure nesigur
sure sigur
depressed deprimat
disturbed deranjat
power putere
forgiveness iertare
forgiving ierttor
generous generos
humble umil
kindhearted bun la inim
loyal loial
loyalty loialitate
obedient asculttor
55
obedience ascultare
patience rbdare
patient rbdtor
impatient nerbdtor
impatience nerbdare
responsible responsabil
iresponsible iresponsabil
wise, smart detept
clever iste
intelligent inteligent
stupid stupid, prost
idiot idiot
aggressive agresiv
arrogant arogant
cold rece
confident ncreztor
curious curios
determined determinat, hotrt
exhausted epuizat
guilty vinovat
guilt vin
hot fierbinte, cald
innocent inocent
different diferit
indifferent indiferent
interested uninterested interesat
interesting interesant
uninteresting neinteresant
negative negativ
positive pozitiv
relieved uurat
pain durere
painfull dureros
smug ncrezut
selfish egoist
shocked ocat
undecided nedecis, indecis, nehotrt
decided decis
depressed deprimat
bitter amar
gratefull recunosctor
ungratefull nerecunosctor
boring plictisitor
56
bored plictisit
forgotten uitat
ignored ignorat
judged judecat
cursed blestemat
destroyed distrus
mistreated tratat ru
crushed zdrobit
injured rnit (fizic)
tortured torturat
appreciated apreciat
unapreciated neapreciat
understood neles
misunderstood neneles
understanding nelegere
misunderstanding nenelegere
accepted acceptat
unnaccepted neacceptat
blessed binecuvntat
loved iubit
saved salvat
weak slab (la for)
weakness slbiciune
worth valoare
worthless fr valoare
ugly urt
beautiful frumos
pressure presiune
pressured presat
force for
forced forat
stress stres
stressed stresat
strong puternic
prepared pregtit
unprepared nepregtit
value valoare
valuable valoros
beauty frumusee
relaxed relaxat
relaxation relaxare
drained uscat, secat
dry uscat, sec
57
dull mat, fr via
paralyzed paralizat
fatigue oboseal
fatigued obosit
inspiration inspiraie
inspired inspirat
new nou
renewed rennoit
old btrn, vechi
healthy sntos
health sntate
sick bolnav
sickness boal
fresh proaspt
refresh remproptare
overwhelmed copleit
bewildered nslbticit
wild slbatic
wilderness slbticie
resentful rzbuntor
slow ncet
fast repede
wonder minune
wonderful minunat
extraordinary extraordinar

Opposites (Antonymes)

opposite opus
antonym antonim
below sub
admire admir
detest detest
adore, love ador, iubete
hate urte
afirm afirm
deny neag
after dup
before nainte
awake treaz
asleep adormit
viu
58
alive mort
dead permite
allow interzice
forbid singur
alone mpreun
together antic
ancient modern
modern rspuns
answer ntrebare
question
argue ceart
agree acord
arrive ajunge
leave pleac
depart deprteaz
attack atac
defend aprare
attract atrage
repel respinge
awkward ciudat
graceful graios
back spate
front fa
bad ru
good bun
bare dezgolit, dezbrcat
covered acoperit
beautiful frumos
ugly urt
wonderfull minunat
horrible oribil
big mare
small, little mic
better mai bine
worse mai ru
birth natere
death moarte
bitter amar
sweet dulce
black negru
white alb
body corp
soul suflet
59
bottom fund, capt
top vrf
brave curajos
coward la
break spart, rupt
repaired reparat
brief scurt
long lung
boy biat
girl fat
woman femeie
man brbat
bright luminos
dull fr via
buy cumpr
sell vinde
bring aduce
remove nltur
cause cauz
effect efect
center centru
middle mijloc
edge margine
cheap ieftin
expensive scump
child copil
adult adult
young tnr
old btrn
clean curat
dirty murdar
close nchis
open deschis
chilly rcoros
warm cldu
cold rece
hot fierbinte
frozen ngheat
complex complex
simple simplu
crazy nebun
sane sntos (la minte)
compliment compliment
60
insult insult
copy copie
original original
crooked strmb
straight drept
cruel crud
kind bun
malefic malefic
cry plnge
laugh rde
continue continu
interrupt ntrerupe
curse blestem
blessing binecuvntare
dark ntuneric
dawn rsrit
sunset apus
sunlight lumina soarelui
dark ntunecat
light lumin
moonlight lumina lunii
day zi
night noapte
deep adnc
shallow superficial
create creeaz
destroy distruge
begin ncepe
end sfrit
evening sear
morning diminea
noon amiaz
midnight miezul nopii
odd impar
even par
elementary elementar
advanced avansat
east est
west vest
north nord
south sud
sky cer
horizon orizont
61
ground pmnt
earth Pmnt
smart detept
dumb prostu
sober treaz
drunk beat
trust ncredere
doubt ndoial
bright luminos
dim puin luminos
easy uor
difficult dificil
evil malefic
good bun
expand mrit
shrink micorat
fail eec
pass trecere
success succes
fancy elegant
casual de zi cu zi
plain normal
common comun
fast repede
slow ncet
fat gras
thin slab
weak slab (putere)
athletic atletic
find gsire
lose pierdere
finish termin
start ncepe
fix fixare
repair repar
follow urmrete
lead conduce
blame vin
forgive iart
fresh proaspt
stale sttut
friend prieten
enemy duman
62
full plin
empty gol
new nou
old vechi
low jos
high nalt
fun distracie
boring plictisitor
tall nalt
short scund
strong puternic
weak slab
long lung
wet ud
dry uscat
late trziu
early devrem
fake, false fals
true adevrat
heavy greu
light uor, lumin
near aproape
far departe
noisy, loudly glgios
quiet linite
poor srac
rich bogat
real real
fantasy, ireal fantastic, ireal
sick bolnav
healthy sntos
soft moale
hard tare
sad trist
happy fericit
energetic energic
tired obosit
left stnga
right dreapta
wrong greit
correct corect
faithful credincios
honest onest, cinstit
63
dishnest necinstit
peace pace
war rzboi
power putere
joy bucurie
grace rugaciune
pray mila
mercy

The 5 senses, verbs

sense sim
smell miros
touch atingere
sight vedere
taste gust
hearing auz
go to bed a merge la culcare
wake up a se trezi
snore sforit
sleep somn
sound asleep somn adnc
asleep adormit
dream vis
nightmare comar
to wash your face a-i spla faa
yawn cscat
to brush your hair a-i peria prul
to comb your hair a-i pieptna prul
to dry your hair a-i usca prul
to style your hair a-i aranja prul
take a bath a face baie
take a shower a face du
go to school a merge la coal
drive to work a merge la serviciu cu maina
vacuum a aspira
wash the clothes a spla haine
hang the clothes a ntinde haine
take a nap a trage un pui de somn
play with peers a te juca cu colegii
mop floors
watch T.V. a spla pe jos
a se uita la TV
64
do the laundry a spla hainele
laundry haine murdare
to talk a vorbi
brush your teeth a te spla pe dini
wash your hands a-i spla minile
verbs verbe
to walk a se plimba
to go a merge
to go for a walk a face o plimbare
to breathe a respira
to run a alerga
to play a se juca
to sleep a dormi
to read a citi
to write a scrie
to jump a sri
to ride a clri
to talk a vorbi
to cry a plnge
to laugh a rde
to climb a se cra
to cook a gti
to wait a atepta
to watch a se uita
to dance a dansa
to fight a lupta
to drink a bea
to eat a mnca
to listen a asculta
to throw away a arunca la gunoi
to throw a arunca
to open a deschide
to close a nchide
to turn on a porni/deschide
to turn off a opri/nchide
to pull a cnta
to push a trage
to think a gndi
to win a ctiga
to lose a pierde
to give a da
to wash a spla
to sit down a sta jos
65
to stand up a sta n picioare
to drop a scpa pe jos
to pick up a ridica
to work a munci
to rest a se odihni
to hug, cuddle a mbria
to swim a nota
to beat a bate
to clap your hands a bate din palme
to waveyour arms a-i flutura minile
to crawl a se tr
to close your eyes a nchide ochii
to open your eyes a deschide ochii
to smile a zmbi
to caress a mngia
to dig a spa
to feed a hrni
to build a construi
to sink a scufunda
to float a pluti
to take away a duce departe
to grow up a crete (mare)
to ask a ntreba
to question a ntreba/chestiona
to fall a cdea
to kick a lovi
to knock a bate (n ceva), a ciocni
to turn around a se ntoarce
left stnga
right dreapta
to make the bed a face patul
to take the rabbish out a duce gunoiul
rubbish, garbage gunoi, mizerie
to wash dishes a spla vasele
to paint a picta
to draw a desena
to listen to music a asculta muzic
to play a game a juca un joc
to go camping a merge cu cortul
to go fishing a merge la pescuit
to like a plcea
to dislike a displcea
to collect things a colecta/coleciona lucruri
66
to play cards a juca cri
cards cri (de joc)
chess ah
stamp your feet bate din picioare
rub your belly freac-te pe burt
touch your nose atinge-i nasul
tap your back a te bate pe spate
roll over a te rostogoli
call me sun-m
too loud prea tare
too noisy prea glgios
high-five bate palma (bate 5-ul)
well done bine fcut
great job buna treaba
I hate you te ursc
I love you te iubesc
I dont know nu tiu
perfect perfect
stop oprete-te
look uite
follow me urmrete-m
please te rog
hooray ura
I have an idea am o idee
Im bored sunt plictisit
Im angry sunt nervos
Im scared sunt speriat
stay away stai deoparte
good luck noroc, noroc bun
yes da
no nu
true adevrat
false fals
real real
imaginary imaginar
Opposites

happy-sad fericit - trist


worried-careless ngrijorat fr griji
angry-calm nervos calm
bored-tired plictisit obosit
sleepy-energetic somnoros energic
vistor realist
67
dreamy-realistic nsetat plin
thirsty-full nfometat plin
hungry-full murdar - curat
dirty-clean bolnav - sntos
sick-healthy amuzat srrios
amused-serious dezamgit mplinit
disappointed-accomplished impresionat neimpresionat
impressed-unimpressed tnr btrn
young-old puternic slab
strong-weak nalt scund
tall-short greu uor
heavy-light tare moale
hard-soft gras slab
fat-thin repede ncet
fast-slow gol plin
empty-full aproape - departe
close-far curat murdar
clean-dirty mare- mic
big-small urt frumos
ugly-beautiful confuz
confused isteric
hysterical extenuat
exhausted impresionant
impressive neimpresionant
unimpressive vocabular
vocabulary cuvinte
words propoziii
sentences poveste
story cufr
chest a striga
to scream a ipa
to yell a nghii
to swallow
flashlight lantern
fluffy pufos
feather pan
tail coad
tear lacrim
to bite a muca
novel roman

now acum
then atunci
68
immediately sau straight away imediat
soon curand
earlier mai devreme
later
mai tarziu
never
rarely niciodata
occasionally rar
sometimes ocazional
often sau frequently cateodata
usually sau normally des, frecvent
always de obicei
every day sau daily
intotdeauna
every week sau weekly
every month sau monthly in fiecare zi
every year sau yearly in fiecare saptamana
in fiecare luna
April Fools' Day in fiecare an
New Year's Day
Thanksgiving Ziua pclelilor
Halloween Anul Nou (Revelionul)
Saint Patrick's Day Ziua Recunotinei
Christmas card Halloween
Christmas present Ziua Sfntului Patrick
Holly cadou de Crciun
Good Friday felicitare de Crciun
Easter sfnt
Mother's Day Vinerea Mare
Valentine's Day Patele
Father's Day Ziua mamei
Tall Ziua ndrgostiilor
Short Ziua tatlui
Slim nalt
Thin scund
Fat slab
Obese subire
wellbuilt gras
redhead obez
overweight bine fcut
medium heigh roscat
well-dressed supraponderal
scruffy nlime medie
good-looking bine mbrcat
attractive dezordonat
pretty arat bine
handsome atractiv
69
middle-aged drgu
straight hair chipe
curly hair de vrst medie
short hair pr lung
long hair pr scurt
fair-haired pr drept
brown-haired pr cre
dark-haired pr deschis
ginger-haired aten
blonde par inchis la culoare
brunette rocat
worried blond
cautious brunet
fed up ngrijorat
pleased precaut
delighted stul
surprised mulumit
astonished ncntat
relaxed surprins
stressed mut de uimire
anxious relaxat
weary stresat
sensitive nerbdtor
hot-headed cu capul n nori
impulsive sensibil
cheerful irascibil
generous impulsiv
bad-tempered bucuros
clever generos
outgoing temperamental
corrupt iste
disobedient sociabil
obedient corupt
talented neasculttor
modest asculttor
conceited talentat
friendly modest
unfriendly mndru (arogant)
crude prietenos
sophisticated neprietenos
impatient crud
patient sofisticat
witty nerbdtor
70
funny rbdtor
polite inventiv, nostim
emotional amuzant
impolite politicos
bad-mannered emotiv
rude nepoliticos
easy-going nemanierat/fr maniere
adventurous obraznic
depressed de treab
leather jacket aventurier
blazer deprimat
countryside geac de piele
valley sacou
field zon rural
bog vale
swamp cmp
ditch mlatin, nmol
farm mlatin
bridge an
jungle ferm
rainforest pod
volcano jungl
radiation pdure tropical
dam vulcan
wind farm radiaii
mine baraj
agriculture moara de vnt
barn min
crop agricultur
harvest hambar
hay loca pt. Plant/recolt
wheat recolt, de cules
to plough fn
island gru
lighthouse a ara
country insul
city far
village ar
tsunami ora
avalanche sat
landslide tsunami
capital city/capital avalan
border aluncare de teren
71
North Pole capital
South Pole grani
Equator Polul Nord
pollution Polul Sud
atmosphere Ecuador
environment poluare
population atmosfer
energy mediu nconjurtor
unemployment populaie
landscape energie
malnutrition omaj
migration privelite
poverty malnutriie
economy migrare
urban srcie
trade economie
sand urban
sand dune trg, schimb
crater nisip
nuclear dun de nisip
energy crater
waterfall nuclear
back door energie
doorbell cascada
drainpipe ua din spate
greenhouse sonerie
gravel eav de scurgere
flowerpot ser
drain pietri
back garden ghiveci pt. flori
water bill scurgere
gas bill grdina din spatele casei
electricity bill factura la ap
telephone bill factura la gaz
upstairs factura la electricitate/curent
downstairs factura la telefon
stairs sus pe scri
front door jos pe scri
lawn scri
hedge ua din fa
logs peluz
orchard gard viu/verde
patio buteni
72
plants livad
shed terasa, grdin acoperit
trampoline plante
to mow the lawn magazie
bottle opener trambulin
Corkscrew a tunde iarba/peluza
axe desfctor de sticle
hoe tirbuon
hose topor
rake sap
shears furtun
watering can grebl
wheelbarrow foarfeci de grdin
sink stropitoare
grill roab
plug chiuvet
shelf grtar
Bedside table dop
coat stand raft
coat hanger noptier
wallpaper suport de haine
rug cuier
sheet tapet
tablecloth covor
pillowcase cearceaf
iron fa de mas
radio fa de pern
mattress fier de clcat
carpet radio
lighter saltea
matches mochet
needle brichet
safety pin chibrite
stamps ac
bleach ac de siguran
detergent timbre
hammer nlbitor
drill detergent
file ciocan
ladder main de gurit
saw pil
to screw in scar
to unscrew fierstru
73
to tighten a nuruba
paint a dezuruba
wire a strnge
pipe vopsea
rusty srm
by bicycle eav
by boat ruginit
by car cu bicicleta
by bus cu barca
by coach cu maina
by ferry cu autobusul
by motorcycle cu autocarul
by plane cu feribotul
by train cu motocicleta
on foot cu avionul
delay cu trenul
to visit pe jos
to travel ntrziere
to depart a vizita
corner a cltori
crossroads a pleca
pavement colt
road sign intersecie
pedestrian crossing trotuar
to crash semn de circulaie
to have an accident trecere de pietoni
to skid a se prbui
petrol a avea accident
parking ticket a derapa
parking space petrol
to park tichet de parcare
diesel loc de parcare
car wash a parca
minibus motorin
passenger spltorie auto
pedestrian microbuz
steering wheel pasager
battery pieton
brakes volan
clutch pedal baterie
engine frne
headlamps ambreiaj
seatbelt motor
74
tyre faruri
wheel centur de siguran
windscreen cauciuc
flight roat
to take off parbriz
landing zbor
arrivals a decola
to miss a flight aterizare
to land sosiri
to fly a pierde zborul
seasick a ateriza
cruise a zbura
wing ru de main
propeller croazier
aisle arip
crew elice
lifeboat culoar
life jacket echipaj
North barc de salvare
Northeast vest de salvare
East nord
Southeast nord-est
South est
Southwest sud-est
West sud
Northwest sud-vest
Map vest
Compass nord-vest
to read a compass hart
to book busol
gym a citi busola
to check out a rezerva
to check in gimnastic
fire escape a elibera camera
wake-up call a se caza
doorman ieire de urgen/incendiu
fire alarm apel de trezire
safe portar
housekeeper alarm de incendiu
receptionist seif
Guesthouse menajer
reception recepionist
Mouldy cas de oaspei
75
Off, expired recepie
Rotten mucegit
Ripe expirat
Unripe putrezit
Tender copt
Tough necopt
pat moale
liver tare
kidney pateu
to prepare a meal ficat
to wipe the table rinichi
to leave the table a pregti masa
to clear the table a terge masa
to come to the table a prsi masa
to lay the table sau to set the table a elibera masa
recipe a veni la mas
ingredient a intinde/pregti masa
to have dinner reet
to have lunch ingredient
to have breakfast a lua cina
fig a lua prnzul
anchovy a lua micul dejun
blue cheese smochin
cottage cheese anoa
icing sugar brnz cu mucegai albastru
pastry brnz de cas
yeast zahr pudr
sage aluat(dough-coca de aluat)
rosemary drojdie
thyme salvie
cinnamon rozmarin
cumin cimbru
tip scorioar
dish of the day chimen
soup of the day baci
stew meniul zilei
cheap supa zilei
customer tocan
discount ieftin
expensive client
price reducere
sale scump
shop pre
76
shopping bag vnzare
shopping list magazin
special offer plas de cumprturi
to order list de cumprturi
to sell ofert special
to buy a comanda
to go shopping a vinde
basket a cumpra
fitting room a merge la cumprturi
stockroom co
trolley cabin de prob
cashier depozit
cash crucior de cumprturi
change casier
complaint bani numerar
in stock rest, schimb de bani
out of stock plngere, reclamaie
queue n stoc
receipt stoc epuizat
refund rnd, linie
bakery factur
aerobics restituire
bowls brutrie
climbing aerobic
diving popice
fishing crri
gymnastics scufundri
hunting pescuit
goal gimnastic
result vntoare
score gol
match rezultat
game scor
to win meci
to lose joc
to watch a ctiga
winner a pierde
loser a privi, urmri
opponent ctigtor
checkmate pierztor
competition oponent
umpire ah-mat
victory competiie
77
defeat arbitru
draw victorie
to play away nfrngere
to play at home remiz
Beat a juca n deplasare
harmony a juca acas
lyrics ritm
tune armonie
note versuri
rhythm melodie
speakers not
choir ritm
composer boxe
performer cor
love song compozitor
Guitarist cntre
Drummer cntec de dragoste
pianist chitarist
track toboar
stage pianist
song pies pe cd
voice scen
accordion melodie, cntec
loud voce
quiet acordeon
trumpet tare
razor ncet
razorblade trompet
shaving cream aparat de ras
shampoo lam de ras
shower gel crem de ras
soap ampon
to bleed gel de du
to catch a cold spun
to heal a sngera
to hurt a prinde o rceal
to limp a se vindeca
aftershave a durea
conditioner a chiopta
dental floss loiune dup ras
tweezers balsam de pr
cotton wool a dentar
eyeliner penset
78
eyeshadow vat
face powder creion de ochi
foundation fard de ochi
hair colouring/hair pudr de fa
hair gel fond de ten
hair spray vopsea de pr
hair wax gel de pr
hand cream fixativ de pr
lip gloss cear de pr
lipstick crem de mini
make - up luciu de buze
deodorant ruj de buze
hairbrush machiaj
mouthwash deodorant
nail file perie de pr
nail scissors ap de gur
perfume pil de unghii
mascara forfecu de unghii
moisturising cream parfum
nail varnish/polish rimel
nail varnish remover crem hidratant
aspirin lac de unghii
antiseptic aceton/ soluie de ndeprtat
unfair lacul
fair aspirin
terrible antiseptic
excellent nedrept
nasty drept, corect
important teribil
unimportant excelent
unlucky obraznic
lucky important
many neimportant
few nenorocos
loose norocos
tight multe
open puine
closed slbit, destrns
early strns
late deschis
wide nchis
broad devreme
narrow trziu
79
thin lat
thick larg
to type ngust
to print subire
database gros
lower case letter a bate la main/scrie
upper case letter/capital letter a imprima
memory baz de date
virus liter mic
to plug in liter mare
to forward memorie
password virus
username a bga n priz, a conecta
email address a trimite mai departe
network parol
document nume de utilizator
file adres de email
folder reea
to download document
to upload/to charge fi
to browse the Internet dosar
speakers a descrca
cable a ncrca
printer a cuta pe internet
monitor boxe
screen cablu
keyboard imprimant
mouse monitor
phone number ecran
phone card tastatur
phone book mouse
off the hook numr de telefon
message cartel de telefon
fault carte de telefon
operator scos din furc/telefonul/
personal call mesaj
to text eroare
to call someone back operator
to send a text message telefon personal
to put the phone on loudspeaker a scrie un mesaj
to leave a message a suna pe cineva napoi
to hang up a trimite un mesaj
to dial a number a pune telefonul pe difuzor
80
to be cut off a lsa un mesaj
to call sau to phone a nchide telefonul
battery a forma un numr
voicemail a pierde legtura
gram a suna la telefon
kilo baterie
tonne mesagerie vocal
millimetre gram
centimetre kilogram
metre ton
kilometre milimetru
millilitre centimetru
litre metru
inch kilometru
foot mililitru
mile litru
plus inci
minus picior
equal mil
multiplied by plus
divided by minus
squared egal
cubed nmulit cu
square root mprit la
sphere ptratul /numrului/
equation cubul nr.
formula rdcina ptrat/radical
solution sfer
problem ecuaie
proof formul
theorem soluie
percentage problem
percent dovad
decimal teorem
cube procentaj
fraction procent
even number zecimal
odd number cub
algebra fracie
geometry numr par
calculus numr impar
arithmetic algebr
total geometrie
81
to calculate calcul
length aritmetic
height total
width a calcula
perimeter lungime
weight nlime
volume lime
diameter perimetru
circumference greutate
average volum
Addition diametru
subtraction circumferin
multiplication medie
division adunare
area scdere
probability multiplicare/nmulire
dimensions mprire
Mathematics arie
water probabilitate
steam dimensiune
ice matematic
soil ap
smoke abur
rubber ghea
paper sol
mud fum
fibreglass cauciuc
dust hrtie
clay noroi, nmol
chalk fibr de sticl
cardboard praf
hydrogen argil
tin foil cret
steel cutie de carton
silver hidrogen
platinum folie de aluminiu
mercury oel
magnesium argint
lead platin
iron mercur
gold magneziu
copper plumb
bronze fier
82
aluminium aur
wood cupru
stone bronz
slate aluminiu
sand lemn
polyester piatr
silk gresie
wool nisip
charcoal poliester
coal mtase
gas ln
oil mangal
petrol crbune
ash benzin
plastic ulei
metal petrol
marble cenu
gravel plastic
glass metal
concrete marmur
cement pietri
brick sticl
oxygen beton
cloth ciment
cotton crmid
lace oxigen
leather pnz
linen bumbac
nylon dantel
palm tree piele
fruit tree pnz de in
trunk nailon
twig palmier
tree stump copac fructifer
pine cone trunchi
branch rmuric
thorn ciot de copac
leaf con de pin
petal ramur, crang
pollen spin
bud frunz
berry petal
bunch of flowers polen
83
oak boboc, mugur
pine boab
weeping willow grmad/buchet de flori
willow stejar
rose pin
poppy salcie plngtoare
pansy salcie
orchid trandafir
seed mac
lily panselu
forget-me-not orhidee
dandelion smn
daisy crin
daffodil floare de-nu-m-uita
snowdrop ppdie
weed margaret
toadstool (scaunul broatei narcis
rioase) ghiocel
shrub buruian
nettle ciuperc otrvitoare/plria
moss arpelui
poison ivy arbust
ivy urzic
herbs muchi
grass ieder otrvitoare
fern ieder
cactus ierburi
bush iarb
wild flower ferig
carnation cactus
chrysanthemum tufi
floare slbatic
garoaf
crizantem

84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
English grammar notebook
(Caiet de gramatic englez)
Persoanele (Persons)

I= eu me= pe mine
You= tu him= pe el
He= el her= pe ea
She= ea us= pe noi
It= el/ea (pentru lucruri si animale) them= pe ei/ele
We= noi
You= voi sg= singular
They= ei/ele pl= plural
,, I n limba englez se scrie ntotdeauna cu liter
mare, oriunde s-ar afla n propoziie.

Persoanele Pronume folosit Pronume folosit in


inaintea locul substantivului
substantivului
I = eu My = meu, mea Mine = a mea, al meu
You = tu Your = ta, tu Yours = a ta, al tu
He = el His = lui His = a lui
She = ea Her = ei Hers = a ei
It (lucruri si animale) Its = lui, ei Its = a lui/a ei
=el/ea
We = noi Our = noastr, nostru Ours = a noastr, al
95
nostru
You = voi Your = voastr, vostru Yours =a voastr, al
vostru
They = ei/ele Their = lor Theirs = a lor, al lor

Exemple:
1). I am a girl. = Eu sunt o fat.
This is my doll/my tea. = Aceasta este ppua mea./ Acesta este ceaiul
meu.
This doll/tea is mine. = Aceast ppu este amea./ Acest ceai este al
meu.
2). You are a girl. = Tu eti o fat.
This is your doll/your tea. = Aceasta este ppua ta./ Acesta este ceaiul
tu.
This doll/tea is yours. = Aceast ppu este a ta. /Acest ceai este al tu.
3). He is a boy. = El este un biat.
This is his toy. = Aceasta este jucria lui.
This toy is his. = Aceast jucrie este a lui.
4). She is a girl. = Ea este o fat.
This is her doll. = Aceasta este ppua ei.
This doll/tea is hers. = Aceast ppu este a ei./Acest ceai este al ei.
5). It is a dog. = (El/Ea) Este un cine.
This is its toy. = Aceasta este jucria lui/ei.
This toy is its. =Aceast jucrie este a lui/a ei.
6). We are children. = Noi suntem copii.
This is our doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua noastr./ Acesta este ceaiul
nostru.
This doll/tea is ours. = Aceast ppu este a noastr./ Acest ceai este al
nostru.
7). You are children. = Voi suntei copii.
This is your doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua voastr./ Acesta este ceaiul
vostru.
This doll/tea is yours. = Aceast ppu este a voastr./ Acest ceai este
al vostru.
8). They are children. = Ei/Ele sunt copii.
This is their doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua lor./ Acesta este ceaiul lor.
This doll/tea is theirs. = Aceast ppu este a lor./ Acest ceai este al lor.

Verbul TO BE (A FI)

Afirmativ (form lung=form scurt=traducere in limba


romn)
I am = Im = Eu sunt
You are = Youre = Tu eti

96
He is = Hes = El este
She is = Shes = Ea este
It is = Its = El/ea este(pentru lucruri i animale)
We are =Were = Noi suntem
You are = Youre = Voi suntei
They are =Theyre = Ei/ele sunt

Negativ (form lung=form scurtx2=traducere in

limba romn)
I am not = Im not = Eu nu sunt
You are not =Youre not = You arent = Tu nu eti
He is not = Hes not = He isnt = El nu este
She is not = Shes not = She isnt = Ea nu este
It is not = Its not = It isnt = El/Ea nu este (lucruri si animale)
We are not = Were not = We arent = Noi nu suntem
You are not =Youre not = You arent = Voi nu suntei
They are not = Theyre not = They arent = Ei/ele nu sunt

Interogativ (forma lung=traducere)


Am I ? = Sunt eu ?
Are you ? =Eti tu ?
Is he ? = Este el ?
Is she ? = Este ea ?
Is it ? = Este el/ea ? (lucruri i animale)
Are we ? = Suntem noi ?
Are you ? = Suntei voi ?
Are they ? = Sunt ei/ele ?

Substantivele = cuvinte care arat obiecte, fiine, animale, fenomene ale


naturii
Adjectivele = cuvinte care arat o nsuire a unui substantiv (fiin, obiect,
fenomene ale naturii, animale, etc.)

A - An The
A = se pune n faa substantivelor, care sunt la singular, i care n limba
englez ncep cu consoan (b, c, d, f, g, m, l, etc.).

An = se pune n faa substantivelor, care sunt la singular, i care n limba


englez ncep cu vocal (a, e, i, o ,u, h mut).

97
A i An =se folosesc pentru a vorbi despre lucruri n general, fiinte, obiecte,
animale netiute n particular.
Exemple: A 1).Adog = un cine
2). Aflower = ofloare
An 1). An elephant = un elefant
2). An ant = o furnic

The = se folosete naintea substantivelor i adjectivelor pentru a pune


accentul pe anumite cuvinte care exprim lucruri, fiinte, animale, pentru a
arta lucruri care se cunosc, sau despre care se cunosc anumite detalii. The se
foloseste cu cuvinte la singular si la plural.

Exemplu: The theflower on the bed = floarea de pe pat


(care floare? de pe pat. The flower)
The black shoe = pantoful negru

This These / That Those

This + These = arat obiectele si persoanele aflate n apropiere

That + Those = arat obiectele i persoanele aflate la deprtare

This = acest, acesta, aceast, aceasta [DIS]


These = aceti, acetia, aceste, acestea [DIZ]

That = acel, acela, acea, aceea [DET]

Those = acei, aceia, acele, acelea [DOUZ]

There is There are / There is not There are not

There is = [Acolo] este

98
There is not = [Acolo] nu este There =
Acolo

There are = [Acolo] sunt

There are not =[Acolo] nu sunt

Form scurt:
Theres
Theres not = There isnt
There are
There arent
Exemplu:
1). There is an apple on the bed. = [Acolo]Este un mr pe pat.
2). There isnt a lion on the bed. = [Acolo]Nu este un leu pe pat.
3). There are two cats in the tree. = [Acolo]Sunt 3 pisici n copac.
4). There arent 3 sheeps in the tree. = [Acolo]Nu sunt 3 oi n copac.

Question words
Cuvinte cu ajutorul crora se pun intrebri
What = ce

Who = cine

Whom = pe cine

Which = care

When = cnd

Where = unde

Why = de ce

Whose = al cui

How =cum

How much = ct de mult (substantive nenumrabile)

How many = ct de mult (substantive numrabile)

Prepositions
Prepoziii
On = pe (The cat is onthe bed. = Pisica este pepat.)

In = n (The cat is inthe box. = Pisica este ncutie.)

Inside = nuntru (The cat is insidethe house. = Pisica este


nuntrul casei.)
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Outside = nafara (The cat is outsidethe house.= Pisica este n
afara casei.)
Behind = nspatele (The cat is behindthe box. = Pisica este n
spatele cutiei.)
Under = sub (The cat is underthe box. = Pisica este sub cutie.)

Above = deasupra (The cat is abovethe box. = Pisica este deasupra


cutiei.)

At = la (The cat is at the vet. = Pisica este laveterinar.)

From = dela (The cat came fromthe vet. = Pisica a venit de la


veterinar.)

In front of = nfaa (The cat isin front ofthe house. = Pisica este n
faa casei.)
Between = ntre (The cat is betweenthe dog and the rooster. =
Pisica este ntre cine i coco.)

Near = napropiere (The cat is nearthe house. = Pisica este


napropiereacasei.)
Next to = lng (The cat is nexttothe dog. = Pi sica este
langcine.)
Over = peste (The cat is overthe box. = Pisica este pestecutie.)

The plurals
Pluralul n limba englez
n general n limba englez, cnd vrem s menionm mai multe lucruri de
acelai fel, mai multe buci dintr-un obiect, trebuie s punem cuvntul care
arat obiectul de la singular, la plural.
De cele mai multe ori pluralul se formeaz adugnd un ,,-s la forma de
singular a cuvntului.
Exemplu: one penguin (singular) four penguins (plural)
un pinguin (singular) patru pinguini (plural)
Exist ns i excepii:
1). Substantive care se termin n
,,Consoan + Y - ies (deci ,, Y se transform n ,,I i se adaug
,, -es)
Ex. Baby (singular) Babies (plural)
Bebelu Bebelui

2).Substantive care se termin n


100
,,Vocal (a,e,i,o,u) + Y ,,s

Ex. Boy (singular) Boys (plural)

Biat Biei

3). Substantivele care se termin n

,,fsau ,,fe, la plural, ,,fse transform n ,,vi se adaug ,,-es

Ex. Leaf (sngular) leaves (plural)

Frunz frunze

Ex. Housewife (singular) housewives (plural)

Soie soii

4). Substantivele care se termin la singular, n urmtoarele litere: ,,-s,


,,-ss, ,,-ch, ,,-sh, ,,-x, ,,-o, la plural, vor deveni ,,form singular+
-es

Ex. Box (singular) boxes (plural) (cutie-cutii)

5).Pluralele iregulate

a). Exist n limba englez i substantive care au aceeai forma la


singular i la plural.

Ex. Sheep (singular) sheep (plural)

Oaie oi

b). Exist ns i substantive care au formediferite la singular i la


plural i care nu respect nicio regul din cele de mai sus.

Ex. Tooth (singular) teeth (plural)

Dinte dini

List de cuvinte cu plural iregulat:

101
Lb. Romn Lb. Englez -
Lb. Englez - plural
singular/plural singular
dinte dini tooth teeth
oarece - oareci mouse mice
picior picioare (laba
foot feet
piciorului)
brbat brbai man men
femeie femei woman women
poliist poliiti policeman policemen
copil copii child children
gsc gte goose geese
bivol bivoli ox oxen
oaie oi sheep sheep
pete peti fish fish
capr capre (slbatice) deer deer

n limba englez urmtoarele grupuri de litere se citesc n limba romn astfel:


Ch = c
Sh =
Ph = f
Th = d
Ee = i
Oo = u

Verbul HAVE GOT (A AVEA)


o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt =
traducere in limba romn)
I have (got) = Ive got = Eu am
You have (got) = Youve got = Tu ai
He has (got) = Hes got = El are
She has (got) = Shes got = Ea are
It has (got) = Its got = El/ea are (pentru lucruri si animale)
We have (got) = Weve got = Noi avem
You have (got) = Youve got = Voi avei
They have (got) = Theyve got = Ei/ele au

Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in


limba romn)
102
I have not got = I havent got = Ive not got = I do not have = I dont have
= Eu nu am
You have not got= You havent got= Youve not got = You do not have =
You dont have = Tu nu ai
He has not got = He hasnt got = Hes not got = He does not have = He
doesnt have = El nu are
She has not got= She hasnt got= Shes not got = She does not have= She
doesnt have = Ea nu are
It has not got = It hasnt got = Its not got = It does not have = It doesnt
have = El/Ea nu are
We have not got = We havent got= Weve not got= We do not have= We
dont have=Noi nu avem
You have not got=You havent got=Youve not got=You do not have=You
dont have=Voi nu avei
They have not got = They havent got = Theyve not got = They do not
have = They dont have = Ei/Ele nu au

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Have I got ? = Do I have? = Am eu ?
Have you got ? = Do you have ? = Ai tu ?
Has he got ? = Does he have ? = Are el ?
Has she got ? = Does she have ? = Are ea ?
Has it got ? = Does it have ? = Are el/ea ? (lucruri i animale)
Have we got ? = Do we have? = Avem noi ?
Have you got ? = Do you have? = Avei voi ?
Have they got ? = Do they have ? = Au ei/ele?

Have got este echivalentul lui have n patru situaii specifice. Have got
poate fi nlocuit oricnd cu have.Reciproca nu este valabil; have simplu
are o mulime de alte cazuri de utilizare.

Have got se poate folosi doar la Present Simple.


Putem folosi have got n loc de have atunci cnd ne referim la:
Posesie
I have a beautiful house. = I havegot a beautiful house.
You have a modern mobile phone. = You havegot a modern mobile phone.

Trsturi fizice
He has blue eyes. = He hasgot blue eyes.
We have dark hair. = We havegot dark hair.

Rude i relaii
She has a boyfriend. = She has got a boyfriend.
They have many cousins. = They havegot many cousins.

Boli i afeciuni
I have a headache. = I havegot a headache.

103
He has a bad cold. = He hasgot a bad cold.

Verbul TO DO (A FACE)
o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt =
traducere in limba romn)
I do = Eu fac
You do = Tu faci
He does = El face
She does = Ea face
It does = El/Ea face
We do = Noi facem
You do = Voi facei
They do = Ei/Ele fac

o Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere


in limba romn)
I do not = I don't = Eu nu fac
You do not = You don't = Tu nu faci
He does not = He doesn't = El nu face
She does not = She doesn't = Ea nu face
It does not = It doesn't = El/Ea nu face
We do not = We don't = Noi nu facem
You do not = You don't = Voi nu facei
They do not = They don't = Ei/ Ele nu fac

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Do I ? = Fac eu ?
Do you ? = Faci tu ?
Does he ? = Face el ?
Does she ? = Face ea ?
Does it ? = Face el/ ea ?
Do we ? = Facem noi ?
Do you ? = Facei voi ?
Do they ? = Fac ei/ele ?

o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt =


traducere in limba romn)
I like = (Mie) mi place
You like = (ie) i place
He likes = (Lui) i place
She likes = (Ei) i place
It likes = (Lui/Ei) i place
We like = (Nou) ne place

104
You like = (Vou) v place
They like = (Lor) le place

o Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere


in limba romn)
I do not like = I dont like = (Mie) nu mi place
You do not like = (ie) nu i place
He does not like = (Lui) nu i place
She does not like = (Ei) nu i place
It does not like = (Lui/Ei) nu i place
We do not like = (Nou) nu ne place
You do not like = (Vou) nu v place
They do not like = (Lor) nu le place

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)

Do I like ? = mi place ?
Do you like ? = i place ?

Does he like ? = i place ?

Does she like ? = i place ?

Does it like ? = i place ?

Do we like ? = Ne place ?

Do you like ? = V place ?

Do they like ? = Le place ?

Verbul CAN (A PUTEA)

o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt =


traducere in limba romn)

I can = Eu pot

You can = Tu poi

He can = El poate

She can = Ea poate

It can = El/Ea poate

We can = Noi putem

You can = Voi putei

They can = Ei/Ele pot


105
o Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere
n limba romn)
Icannot = I cant = Eu nu pot
You cannot = You cant = Tu nu poi
He cannot = He cant = El nu poate
She cannot = She cant = Ea nu poate
It cannot = It cant = El/Ea nu poate
We cannot = We cant = Noi nu putem
You cannot = You cant = Voi nu putei
They cannot = They cant = Ei/Ele nu pot

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Can I ? = Pot eu ?

Can you ? = Poti tu ?

Can he ? = Poate el ?
Can she ? = Poate ea ?

Can it ? = Poate el/ea ?

Can we ? = Putem noi ?Can you ? = Puteti voi ?Can they ? = Pot ei/ele ?

Lista numerale cardinale

0 zero (zero, null) 50 fifty (cincizeci)


1 one (unu) 60 sixty (saizeci)
2 two (doi) 70 seventy (saptezeci)
3 three (trei) 80 eighty (optzeci)
4 four (patru) 90 ninety (nouazeci)
5 five (cinci) 21 twenty-one (douazeci si unu)
6 six (sase) 35 thirty-five (treizeci si cinci)
7 seven (sapte) 68 - sixty-eight (saizeci si opt)
8 eight (opt) 79 seventy-nine (saptezeci si
9 nine (noua)
noua)
10 ten (zece)
89 - eighty-nine (optzeci si noua)
11 eleven (unsprezece)
100 one hundred (o suta)
12 twelve (doisprezece)
700 seven hundred (sapte sute)
13 thirteen (treisprezece)
1000 - one thousand (o mie)
14 fourteen (patrusprezece)
3000 three thousand (trei mii)
15 fifteen (cincisprezece)
115 - a/one hundred and fifteen
16 sixteen (saisprezece)
735 - seven hundred and thirty-five
17 seventeen (saptesprezece)
3008 - three thousand and eight
18 eighteen (optsprezece)
19 nineteen (nouasprezece)
20 twenty (douazeci)
30 thirty (treizeci)
40 forty (patruzeci)

106
Lista numerale ordinale
1 - the first (the 1st)
2 - the second (the 2th)
3 - the third (the 3rd)
4- the fourth (the 4th)
5 - the fifth (the 5th)
6 - the sixth (the 6th)
7 - the seventh (the 7th)
8 - the eigth (the 8th)
9 - the ninth (the 9th)
10- the tenth (the 10th)
11 - the eleventh (the 11th)
12 - the twelfth (the 12th)
13 - the thirteenth (the 13th)
14 - the fourteenth (the 14th)
15 - the fifteenth (the 15th)
16 - the sixteenth (the 16th)
17 - the seventeenth (the 17th)
18 - the eihteenth (the 18th)
19 - the nineteenth (the 19th)
20 - the twentieth (the 20th)
21 - the twenty-first (the 21st)
30 - the thirtieth (the 30th)
32 - the thirty-second (the 32nd)
40 - the fortieth (the 40th)
43 - the forty-third (the 43rd)
50 - the fiftieth (the 50th)
54 - the fifty-fourth (the 54th)
60 - the sixtieth (the 60th)
65 - the sixty-fifth (the 65th)
70 - the seventieth (the 70th)
80 - the eightieth (the 80th)
90 - the ninetieth (the 90th)
100 - the hundreth (the 100th)
101 - the hundred and first (the 101st)
1000 - the one thousandth (the 1000th)
Numeralul distributiv (The Distributive Numeral) exprima gruparea
numerica a obiectelor. Se formeaz cu ajulorul lui by sau and.
one by one - unul cte unul
three by three - trei cte trei, by threes - cte trei
by twos - cte doi
two and two - doi si cu doi, three and three - trei si cu trei
Nota:Aproximarea numeric se exprim prin: about (circa), nearly
(aproximativ), almost (aproape)
Depsirea unei cifre se exprim prin: over (peste), morethan (mai mult
decat /de), above (peste).

107
Verbe neregulate n limba englez

Urmtorul tabel prezint verbele neregulate din limba englez. Unele dintre
acestea au dou variante de conjugare, regulat si neregulat. n acest caz,
varianta mai folosita este trecut prima.

108
Traducerea
Infinitiv Participiu infinitivului
Past Tense
To trecut (sensul
principal)

arise arose arisen a se ridica

awoke awoken
awake awaked awaked
a se trezi

backslidden
backslide backslid
backslid
a decdea

be was / were been a fi

borne
bear bore
born
a purta

beaten
beat beat
beat
a bate

become became become a deveni

begin began begun a ncepe

bend bent bent a se ndoi

bet bet
bet betted betted
a paria

bid bid a licita, a


bid bade bidden porunci

109
bind bound bound a lega
English Tenses
(Timpurile verbale n limba englez)

PRESENT SIMPLE PREZENTUL SIMPLU

+ S + verb la inf. (I form a vb. neregulate)


Obs. La persoana a III-a singular, adugm la verb terminaia -s, dar
dac verbul se termin n terminaiile:
-o; -x
- ch;
-
-z
sh;
atunci, la+, adugm -es
-ss

______________________________________________________________________
do
- S ++ not + vb la infinitiv
does (la pers. a III-a) sing.
? Do
110
+ S + vb la inf. + ?
Does (pers. a III-a sg.)
_____________________________________________________________________________________

ADVERBE/EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PREZENTUL SIMPLU

OFTEN deseori
USUALLY deobicei
ALWAYS ntotdeauna
SOMETIMES - cteodat
NEVER - niciodat
EVERY MORNING DAY NIGHT YEAR EVENING MONTH WEEK
n fiecare diminea zi noapte an sear lun sptmn
INTHE MORNING NIGHT DAY dimineaa, noaptea, ziua

PREZENTUL SIMPLU SE FOLOSETE PENTRU A ARTA:


aciuni, stri permanente (job-ul cuiva)
ex. I go to work every day.
Eu merg la serviciu n fiecare zi.

comentarii sportive, naraiuni, paragrafe descriptive


ex. Mutu shoots a goal.
Mutu nscrie un gol.
adevruri general-valabile, permanente
ex. Water freezes at 0C.
Apa nghea la 0C.
stri, fapte ce rmn neschimbate pentru o perioad mai lung
de timp.
ex. She works in Canada.
Ea lucreaz n Canada.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS PREZENTUL CONTINUU

+ S + vb. TO BE (am-is-are) + vb. la inf. + -ing.

- S + vb. To BE (am-is-are) + NOT + vb. la inf. + -ing.

? Vb. TO BE (am-is-are) + S + vb. la inf. + -ing ?

Exemple:
111
+ I am thinking about food. (M gndesc la mncare.)
We are going to work. (Noi mergem la serviciu.)
She is going to school. (Ea merge la coal.)

- I am not eating right now. (Eu nu mnnc chiar acum.)


Are we doing our homework now ? (Ne facem noi tema, acum?)

Obs. :

La majoritatea verbelor se adaug terminaia ing fr nicio


modificare
ex. play playing sing singing
La verbele terminate n consoan+ lit. e, se renun la litera e i
se adaug ing.
ex. make making come coming
La verbele formate dintr-o silab i terminate n vocal +
consoan, se dubleaz consoana i se adaug terminaia ing.
ex. get getting sit sitting swim - swimming

PREZENTUL CONTINUU SE FOLOSETE PT. A ARTA

aciuni temporare ce au loc n momentul vorbirii


ex.She is swimming in the pool.
Ea noat n piscin.

stri care sunt n continu micare

ex.His English is getting better. (Engleza lui devine mai bun.)

aciuni temporare ce sunt enervante pt. vorbitor cu adverbul:


ALWAYS ex. The baby is always crying.
Bebeluul plnge ntotdeauna.
pt. program personal n viitorul apropiat.
ex. I am meeting Alice in front of the cinema.
M ntlnesc cu Alice n fa la cinematograf.
o aciune ce are loc pt. un timp limitat n prezent:
ex. What are you reading these days?
Ce citeti zilele astea?

poate avea o valoare de viitor, exprimnd o aciune ce va avea


loc conform unui program prestabilit
112
ex. When is he coming? (Cnd vine?)

UNELE VERBE NU SE POT FOLOSI LA PREZENTUL CONTINUU


verbe care exprim o activitate mintal
agree, know, remember, believe, mean, understand, forgot
verbe care exprim stri sufleteti
love, regret, prefer, want, like, hate, adore, forgive
verbe care exprim o percepie senzorial (simurile)
see, hear, feel, smell, taste
verbe modale
can, must, may, could, make, might
alte verbe
belong, own, concern

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PREZENTUL PERFECT


SIMPLU

Acest timp face legtura ntre prezent i trecut

+ S + have + vb. la forma a III-


a (sau vb+ -ed)
has (pers. a III-a sg.)
- S + have + not + vb la forma a
III-a (sau vb la inf + -ed)
has (pers. a III-a sg.)
!
haven't
hasn'
? t Have + S + vb la forma a
III-a (sau vb la inf + -ed)
Has (pers. a III-a sg.)

Expresii folosite cu PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

113
ALREADY deja He has already finished his classes.
JUST doar Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary.
YET nc They haven'twritten the exercise yet.

NEVER niciodat I have never heard such a thing.


EVER vreodat Haveyou ever read the news?
OFTEN deseori I have often travelled by car to the
countryside.

EVER vreodat
and Haveyou ever heard this song before?
BEFORE nainte

FOR pentru I've had my own car for five years.


SINCE de la She has been ill since yesterday.

UNTIL NOW pn acum Until now I haven't heard about this


English singer.
SO FAR - ,, -- So far, he hasn't complained about
her.
UP TO NOW - ,, -- I haven't got any Math problems up
to now.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PREZENTUL


PERFECT CONTINUU

+ S + | have + been + vb. la


infinitiv + -ing
| has (pers. a III-a sg.)

- S + | have + not + vb. la


infinitiv + -ing
!
haven't
hasn't
? Have | + S + been + vb. la infinitiv
+ -ing
Has |
114
EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

SINCE I have been living in Paris since 1993.


Stau n Paris din 1993.

FOR - They have been watching T.V. for 3 hours.


Ei se uit la T.V. de 3 ore.

SO FAR - So far, there have been arriving 10 people from Paris.


Pn acum, au sosit 10 oameni din Paris.

EVER - Have you ever listening to your parents?


Ai ascultat vreodat de prinii ti?

NEVER - I have never beentravelling to France until now.


Nu am cltorit niciodat n Frana pn acum.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru a exprima:

o aciune nceput n trecut care se continu n prezent


ex. She hasbeencrying for hours.
Plnge de ore n ir.
exprim o aciune trecut al crei rezultat este vizibil n prezent
ex. It hasbeenraining.
A plouat.
aciuni care exprim furia
ex. Who hasbeenusing my toothbrush?Cine mi-a folosit periua de dini?

cnd se pune accent pe durat


ex. She's (has) beencalling him since morning.
Ea l sun ncontinuu de diminea.

Exemple:
+ I havebeenwaiting for your response since yesterday.
Am ateptat rspunsul tu de ieri.
- I haven't (havenot) been so happy for a long time.
Nu am fost att de fericit de mult timp.
? Haveyoubeenwaiting for her response since yesterday?
Ai ateptat rspunsul ei, de ieri?

115
PAST SIMPLE TRECUTUL SIMPLU

+ S + Vb forma a II-a (sau pt vb. regulate, terminaia ed)

- S + did not (didn't) + vb. inf. (forma I)

? Did + S +vb. inf.


Exemple:

+ I wrote a book last year. He wrote a book last year.


Am scris o carte anul trecut. El a scris o carte anul trecut.
- I didn't write a book last year. He didn't write a book last year.

?Did you write a book last year? Did he write a book last year?

Ai scris o carte anul trecut? A scris el o carte anul trecut?

PAST SIMPLE SE FOLOSETE PT. A EXPRIMA:


pt. a exprima o aciune care a avut loc la un moment dat n
trecut, iar perioada de timp s-a ncheiat.

aciuni care au avut loc la un moment dat n trecut i se


specific timpul.

She called an hour ago. A sunat cu o or n urm.

obiceiuri din trecut

He usedtogo fishing with his father.


El obinuia s mearg la pescuit cu tatl lui.

aciuni care s-au desfurat una dup alta n trecut

She sealed the letter, put a stamp on it and posted it.


Ea a sigilat scrisoarea, a pus un timbru pe ea i a expediat-o.

aciuni care au avut loc la un moment dat n trecut, dar timpul


nu e specificat i nu au legtur cu prezentul.

Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays.


Shakespeare a scris o mulime de piese.

116
ADVERBE FOLOSITE CU PAST SIMPLE

Yesterday; last week; ... ago; then; when; just now; in 1955...

! Observaie:
Verbele la acest timp sunt de obicei determinate de adverbe i
expresii de timp ca i cele enumerate mai sus, plus altele:
last year/month, two hours ago; when I was a ...

Acesta este timpul naraiunii i se folosete pentru a reda


evenimente potrivite, retrospectiv.

PAST CONTINUOUS TRECUTUL CONTINUU

+ S + was (pers. I, III sing.) + vb. la inf. + -ing


were (pers. II, IV,V, VI)

- S + was (pers. I + III sg) + not + vb. la inf. + -ing


were (restul pers.)
[wasn't/weren't]

? Was (pers. I, III sg.) + S + vb. la inf. + -ing


Were (restul pers.)
_______________________________________________________________________
Exemple:
+ I was eating an apple this time yesterday.
- I was not (wasn't) eating an apple this time yesterday.
?Was I eating an apple this time yesterday?

+ Eu mncam un mr ieri, pe vremea asta.


- Eu nu mncam un mr ieri, pe vremea asta.
? Mncam eu un mr, ieri, pe vremea asta?

+ They wereeating an apple this time yesterday.


- They werenot (weren't) eating an apple this time yesterday.
?Were they eating an apple this time yesterday?

EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PAST CONTINUOUS

AT THIS TIME YESTERDAY ieri, pe timpul acesta


Tom wasworking at the office at this time yesterday.
117
FROM... TO... de la ... la
She wasplaying the piano from 5 to 7 o'clock.

ALL DAY toat ziua


They wereworking all day.

FOR pentru
She wasliving there for 7 years.

PAST CONTINUOUS SE FOLOSETE PT. A EXPRIMA:

o aciune n desfurare la un moment dat n trecut.


ex. I wasreading at 8 o'clock yesterday.
Eu citeam ieri la ora 8.

o aciune n desfurare la un moment dat n trecut, ntrerupt


de o alt aciune.
ex. While I wasgetting dressed I got a message.
n timp ce m mbrcam, am primit un mesaj.

2 sau mai multe aciuni simultane


ex. While I wassunbathing, Tom wasplaying with a dog.n timp ce m
bronzam, Tom se juca cu un cine.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE TRECUTUL PERFECT SIMPLU

+ S + had + vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb. regulate.

- S + had + not (hadn')+ vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb.


reg.

? Had + S + vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb. reg. + ?


_____________________________________________________________________

Exemple:
+ She hadleft/painted ... (She'd left/painted....)
- She hadnotleft/painted. (hadn't)
? Had she left/painted?

Adverbe /expresii folosite cu PAST PERFECT SIMPLE


118
FOR, SINCE, ALREADY, AFTER, JUST, NEVER, YET, BY, BEFORE, BY
THE TIME
OBSERVAII:
se folosete n fraza condiional de tipul 3
este echivalentul prezentului perfect

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE se foloseste pentru actiuni care:


exprim regretul fa de o aciune trecut
ex. I wish I had not (hadn't) eaten so much.
Regret (mi doresc s nu) c am mncat att de mult.
exprim o aciune trecut complet care a avut rezultate/efecte
vizibile n trecut
ex. She was sad because she had failed the test.
Ea a fost trist pentru c a czut testul.
exprim o aciune trecut care a avut loc naintea unei alte
aciuni trecute sau naintea unui moment anterior.
ex. He hadleft by the time I got there.
El plecase pe cnd am ajuns eu acolo.
He hadleft by two o'clock.
El plecase pn la ora dou.
She'd always lived in Bucharest before she moved to Dubai a few
years ago.
Ea ntotdeauna a trit n Bucureti nainte de a se muta n Dubai
acum civa ani.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS - TRECUTUL PERFECT


CONTINUU

+ S + had + been + Vb-ing


- S + had + not (hadn't) + been + Vb-ing
? Had + S + been + Vb-ing

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS SE FOLOSETE PT.A ARTA:

accentueaz ideea de desfurare a unei aciuni petrecute


naintea unei alte aciuni trecute
119
ex. I hadbeenlooking for it for hours before I found it.
L-am cutat ore ntregi nainte de a-l gsi.

conform concordanei timpurilor, se folosete n vorbirea


indirect atunci cnd verbul din regent este la trecut.
ex. He said he hadbeen studying English for several years.
Mi-a spus c studiaz engleza de civa ani.

aciuni n desfurare n trecut


ex. She hadbeenworking here for 10 years.
Ea a lucrat aici pentru 10 ani.

aciuni de o anumit durat cu efecte/rezultate vizibile n


trecut.
ex. They werewet because they hadbeenwalking in the rain.
Ei erau uzi pentru c se plimbaser prin ploaie.

este ECHIVALENTUL lui PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

ADVERBE/EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PAST PERFECT


CONTINUOUS:
FOR, SINCE, USEDTO, WOULD, WASGOING TO.

USED TO exprim stri/aciuni trecute


+ I usedtoread stories when I was young.
- I didn'tusetoread stories when I was young.
?Did I usetoread stories when I was young?

WOULD exprim aciuni repetate din trecut, rutin


ex. Grandma would always make me apple pies.
Bunica obinuia ntotdeauna s mi fac plcinte cu mere.
WAS GOING TO aranjamente/planuri care nu au fost duse la bun sfrit.
ex. I wasgoingtovisit my friend, but she wasn't at home.
Voiam s mi vizitez prietena, dar ea nu era acas.

COMPARATIE PRESENT PERFECT PAST TENSE

PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE


aciuni complete ce au avut aciuni complete ce au avut

120
loc la un moment dat n trecut, loc la un moment dat n trecut,
timpul nefiind menionat: timpul fiind menionat:
I have left the building. (Am I left the building yesterday.
prsit cldirea.) (Am prsit cldirea ieri.)
aciuni trecute care au aciuni trecute care nu au
legtur cu prezentul: legtur cu prezentul:
I've (I have) spoken to my I met the Beatles. (I-am
dad. (Am vorbit cu tatl ntlnit pe cei de la Beatles.)
meu.)
timp nencheiat (this timp ncheiat (yesterday, last
week/year, all my life, today, week/year/month, in 1995, when I
since yesterday). was during the war)
Today I have written a long Yesterday I wrote a long
letter. letter.
(Azi am scris o scrisoare (Ieri am scris o scrisoare
lung). lung.)

timp nehotrt (always, timp hotrt:


often, just, seldom, never): When did you play tennis at
I have always played tennis the club? (Cnd ai jucat tenis
at the club. (Am jucat la club?)
ntotdeauna tenis, la club).
perioad de timp legat de perioad de timp veche:
prezent: Mihai Eminescu offered the
They have built a beautiful world some of its most
home in our street. (Ei au beautiful poems. (Mihai
construit o cas frumoas pe Eminescu a oferit lumii
strada noastr.) cteva dintre cele mai
frumoase poezii.)

FUTURE SIMPLE Viitorul Simplu


+ S + will | + vb. la infinitiv.
shall |

- S + will not (won't) | + vb. la infinitiv.


shall not (shan't)|
121
? Will | + S + vb. la infinitiv ?
Shall |

Observaii

Shall - se folosete de obicei pentru persoana I singular i plural i


este folosit de obicei n limbajul oficial, politicos; propoziile
interogative cu shall exprim o ofert, o cerere, un sfat.
Will se folosete de obicei n vorbirea curent, iar propoziiile
interogative la persoana a II-a pot exprima o rugminte.

Exemple:
+ I will/shallpaint the room. (Voi zugrvi camera. Ar trebui s...)
- We will/shall not paint the room. (Noi nu vom zugrvi camera.)
? Shall/will I paint the room? (Voi zugrvi eu camera?Ar trebui s ...?)

* Will she paint the room?


* He will not (won't) paint the room.
* They will paint the room.

Adverbe /expresii folosite cu FUTURE SIMPLE:


TOMORROW mine
THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW poimine
NEXT YEAR/WEEK anul urmtor/sptmna urmtoare

FUTURE SIMPLE SE FOLOSETE PT. A ARTA:

exprim o intenie n viitor sau o decizie luat n momentul


vorbirii, pentru viitor, i care nu exista anterior n mintea
vorbitorului.

ex. Oh, you can't get it! Wait a minute, I'll help you.
Ah, nu poi ajunge s-o /s-l iei. Ateapt o clip, te voi ajuta.
propoziii interogative cu will la pers. a II-a care exprim
rugmini:
ex. Will you help me lift the chair?
Vrei s m ajui s ridic scaunul?

propoziii interogative cu shall care exprim 1) o ofert

122
2)
cererea unui sfat

ex. 1) Shall I go there for you?


S m duc acolo n locul tu?
ex. 2) Where shall I go?
Unde ar trebui s m duc?

exprimarea unor temeri, ateptri, promisiuni, comentarii,


sperane, ameninri, avertismente, cu verbele: EXPECT, BELIEVE,
I'M SURE, I'M AFRAID, PROBABLY.

ex. I'm afraid I will be late. M tem c voi ntrzia.

exprim anticiparea unor aciuni sau stri


ex. It will rain tomorrow. Va ploua mine.

aciuni sau previziuni care ar putea avea loc n viitor.


ex. I will probably buy a new dress.
Probabil voi cumpra o rochie nou.

lucruri sau aciuni de care nu suntem siguri c vor avea loc n


viitor:
ex. I will probably be promoted.
Probabil voi fi promovat.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS VIITORUL CONTINUU

+ S + will | + be + vb. la infinitiv + -ing.


I, we - shall/ will
shall |
- S + will not | (won't) + be + vb. la inf. +
-ing.
shall not (shan't)|
? Will | + S + be + vb. la inf. + -ing?
Shall |
_____________________________________________________________________

123
ADVERBE FOLOSITE CU FUTURE CONTINUOUS (+ CELELALTE
FORME DE VIITOR)

TOMORROW mine

TONIGHT - desear

NEXTWEEK sptmnaviitoare

IN 2/3 WEEKS/DAYS n 2/3 sptmni/zile

SOON - curnd

THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW poimine

FUTURE CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru a arta/exprima:

aciuni n desfurare la un moment dat n viitor


ex. I willbeswimming in the sea this time, next year.
Eu voi nota n mare, anul viitor, pe vremea aceasta.

aciuni ce sunt rezultatul unei rutine


ex. I willbeseeing Tom next week.
M ntlnesc cu Tom sptmna viitoare.
cnd rugm politicos pe cineva, ceva
ex. Will you begoingto the supermarket to buy some milk?
Vei merge pn la supermarket, s cumperi nite lapte?

exprim o supoziie n legtur cu o aciune ce are loc n prezent


ex. He willbeswimming now.
Acum o fi notnd.

EXEMPLE DEPROPOZIII CU FUTURE CONTINUOUS :

+I will (shall) bepainting tomorrow. Voi picta mine.

- I will (shall) notbepainting tomorrow. Voi picta mine.

? Will she/I be painting tomorrow? Va picta mine?


Voi picta eu mine?

124
FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE VIITORUL PERFECT
SIMPLU

+ S + will +have + | verb la forma a III-a (vb.


neregulate)
shall | vb. la inf. + -ed (vb. regulate)

- S + shall + not (shan't) + have + | verb la forma a


III-a (vb. neregulate)
will + not (won't) | vb. la inf. + -ed
(vb. regulate)

? Will + S +have + | verb la forma a III-a (vb.


neregulate)
| vb. la inf. + -ed (vb. regulate)
Shall (pers.I sing.i pl.)

FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE se folosete pentru a arta:

exprimarea unei aciuni care nu a avut loc nc, dar care se va fi


ntmplat nainte de un moment n viitor.
ex. This time next year I'll have completed my studies.
La anul, pe vremea aceasta mi voi fi terminat studiile..

EXEMPLE cu FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE:

+ I willhavepainted the wall by tomorrow.


- I willhavenotpainted the wall by tomorrow.
? Will she have painted the wall by tomorrow?

+ Voi fi zugrvit peretele pn mine.


- Eu nu voi fi zugrvit peretele pn mine.
? Va fi zugrvit ea peretele pn mine?
+ She willhaveeaten the cake by tonight.
Ea va fi mncat tortul pn mine.
- She willnot (won't) haveeaten the cake by tonight.
Ea nu va fi mncat tortul pn mine.
125
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS VIITORUL PERFECT
CONTINUU

+ S + | shall + have +been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing.


SHALL - I, we
| will

- S + |shall not + have +been + vb. la infinitiv +


-ing. .
|will not

? Will | + S + have +been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing. ?


Shall |
_____________________________________________________________________

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru :

a accentua ideea de desfurare a unei aciuni ntr-un moment


viitor
ex. I will not have been working for this company for very long when
you visit us.
Nu voi fi lucrnd pentru aceast firm de mult timp cnd ne vei
vizita.

Exemple:
+ I will have been reading for a while when you get home.
Voi fi citind de ceva vreme, cnd vei ajunge acas.

- She will not have been been drawing for more than 2 hours when he
gets home.
Ea nu va fi desennd de mai mult de 2 ore cnd el va ajunge acas.

? Will we have been eating for more than 30 minutes when he gets
home?

126
Vom fi mncat noi, de mai mult de 30 minute cnd va ajunge el
acas?

FUTURE IN THE PAST VIITORUL FA DE TRECUT

+ S + should | + vb. la infinitiv .


would |

- S + should + not | (shouldn't) + vb. la


infinitiv .
would | (wouldn't)

? Should | + S + be + vb. la infinitiv ?


Would |
____________________________________________________________________

Obs.:

Viitorul fa de trecut se formeaz ca i timpul viitor, cu


deosebirea c n loc de shall/will se folosete should sau would.

Acest timp nu exist n limba romn, dar n limba englez se


refer la o aciune viitoare fa de trecut.

Forma scurt va fi astfel: s'd

Acest timp se folosete doar n propoziii subordonate.

Exemple:

I knew he shouldsucceed.
127
tiam c va reui.
He promised that he'd (would) come sooner.
A promis c va veni mai curnd.

Acest timp viitor fa de trecut se poate folosi i la forma


continu:

ex.I knew that hewouldbeworking the whole day.


tiam c el va lucratoat ziua.

THE PAST CONDITIONAL CONDIIONALUL TRECUT


+ S + should + have + vb forma a III-a (-ed la vb reg.).
would

- S + would + have not + vb la forma a III-a (-ed la vb


reg.).
Should
? Would + S + have + vb la forma a III-a (-ed la vb reg.) ?
Should
_____________________________________________________________________

ex. She wouldhavepainted but she forgot the brushes.


Ea ar fi vrut s picteze, dar i-a uitat pensulele.

Should I havegone to dinner?


Ar fi trebuit s merg la cin?

VIITORUL APROPIAT THE NEAR FUTURE


"BE GOING TO"
TO BE GOING TO - are o valoare modal care exprim intenia sau
nesigurana. Se poate referi la lucruri i fenomene care vor avea loc n
mod inevitavil (3)

128
TO BE TO exprim o aciune prestabilit (1)

TO BE ON THE POINT OF a fi pe punctul de a ... (2)

Exemple:

1 TO BE TO He is to leave town tomorrow because his visa expired.


Urmeaz s plece din ora pentru c i-a expirat viza.

2 TO BE ON THE POINT OF
Don't tease her! She's on the point of bursting into tears.
- Nu o necji! E pe punctul de a izbucni n lacrimi!

THE PRESENT CONDITIONAL CONDITIONALUL


PREZENT
+ S + would +vb. la infinitiv.
should
- S + would + not (wouldn't) + vb. la inf.
should (shouldn't)
? Should + I + vb. la inf. ?
Would
_______________________________________________________________________

Exemple:

I wouldgo home but I have to work.


A merge acas, dar trebuie s lucrez.

We shouldnotleave out of the country.


Nu ar trebui s plecm din ar.

Would they cut the tree for firewood?


Ar tia ei copacii pentru lemne de foc?

THE IMPERATIVE MODUL IMPERATIV


Mod de formare :
129
Infinitivul scurt (fr TO) al verbului +...)

Cross it! -Traverseaz!


Ring me tomorrow! - Sun-m mine!

Don't (do not) + infinitivulscurt (fr TO) al verbului pentru a


forma un imperativnegativ.

Don't cross now! - Nu traversa acum!


Don't ring me tomorrow! - Nu m suna mine!

Let's + infinitivul scurt (fr TO), pentru persoana I plural

Let's cross! - S traversm!

Do + forma afirmativ, n unele cazuri:

a pentru accentuarea ideii transmise ex. Do tell me! (Hai,


spune-mi!)
b pentru a ndulci tonul, pt a suna mai politicos:
Do come in! (Intrai , v rog!)
Do sit down! (Luai loc, v rog!)

MODUL IMPERATIV SE FOLOSETE PT. A:


pt. a exprima un ordin

Hurry up! - Grbete-te!

pt. a face o ofert

Have a drink! - Luai o butur!

pt. a da un sfat

Have a rest! - Ia o pauz!

pt. a preveni

Look out! - Atenie!

pt. a face o invitaie


Come round one of these days! -Treci pe la noi ntr-una din zile!

pt. a face o sugestie


Let's ring him! - S-l sunm!
130
pt. a da instruciuni
Stir well! - Amestecai bine!

pt. a face o urare


Have a good time! - S v distrai!

Used to (do), be used to (doing)


Obisnuiam sa/a fi obisnuit cu
I. Used to:

+ S + used + vb. Inf.

- S + did not (didnt) + use + vb. Inf.

? Did + S + use + vb. Inf. + ?

,,Used to se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre o activitate ce o


faceam de obicei in trecut, sau o activitate ce era adevarata, dar nu
mai este si in prezent adevarata

II. Be used to

+ S + vb. TO BE (am is-are) + used to object

- S + (am is-are) + not + used to + object

? Am is-are + used to + object + ?


_______________________________________________________________________

Daca la sfarsitul propozitiei avem in loc de obiect, verb, atunci acesta


va primi terminatia ing la forma de infinitiv
131
Be used to se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre situatii cu care suntem
obisnuiti, familiari in prezent.

132