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5/16/2017 DesignExample:TrenchFillStripFooting.

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Design Example: Trench Fill Strip Footing. Follow@Engineershrb

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The internal loadbearing wall for a fourstorey ofce block is to be supported on a strip 876likes
foundation. Borehole investigations produced the consistent soil proles shown in Fig.
11.13.

Soilanalysisshowsthatthesandllisanunreliablebearingstrata.Theweatheredsandstone LikePage Share


has net allowable bearing pressures of n a = 400 kN/m2 for strip footings and n a = 550
kN/m2forpads,bothwithamaximumof20mmsettlement.Thesandstonebedrockhasa
Bethefirstofyourfriendstolikethis
netallowablepressureofn a=2000kN/m2
forpadfoundations.

ByinspectionofthesoilproleandanalysisinFig.11.13, the strip will be founded in the


compactweatheredsandstone.Therelativelyevendistributionoftheloadingwillnotleadto
unacceptabledifferentialsettlementsand,asthesidesoftheexcavationsdonotcollapsein
theshortterm,massconcretetrenchllfootingshavebeenselectedasthemostappropriate
foundationtype.

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Labels
FOUNDATIONS(134) STRUCTURES(63)
PILES (61) WATERPROOFING (58) SOILS (47)
FOOTINGS (30) SITE EXPLORATION (30)
Fig.11.13BoreholelogforDesignExamples1,2and4.
BUILDING (29) PAD FOUNDATIONS (18) STRIP
FOUNDATIONS(18)CONCRETE(15)RAFT FOUNDATIONS
Loadings
(14) DRILLED PIER FOUNDATIONS (13) RETAINING
The loadings from the fourstorey structure have been calculated (as working loads) as
WALLS (10) EXCAVATIONS (9) SURFACE SPREAD
follows.
FOUNDATIONS(9) DRILLED SHAFTS (6) MAT FOUNDATIONS
(5) SHEET PILE (5) WALLS (5) SLABS (4) SLIP CIRCLES AND
UNDERPINNING (4) STRUCTURAL DESIGN (4) STEEL (3)
BULKHEADS(2)FLOOR(2)MASONRY(2)ROOF(2)STONE (2)
COLUMNS (1) DOORS (1) PIPES (1) TIMBER (1) TIMBER PILES (1)
VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION STRUCTURES (1) WINDOWS (1) WOOD
CONSTRUCTION(1)

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COMPONENTSOFABUILDING:SubstructureandSuper
structure.
Sizeofbase(normalmethod) Abuildinghastwobasicparts:(i)Substructureor
The foundation surcharge is considered small enough to be neglected. The minimum foundations,and(ii)Superstructure.Substructureor
foundationwidthisgivenby Foundationisthelowerp...

DesignExample3:ReinforcedStrip
Foundation.
Theloadbearingwallofasinglestorey
buildingistobesupportedonawide
reinforcedstripfoundation.Asite
investigationhasrevea...

Example:Pilecapdesign.

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5/16/2017 DesignExample:TrenchFillStripFooting.|Builder'sEngineer
Apilecapisrequiredtotransfertheload
Inmanyinstancesthisapproximatemethodissatisfactory. froma400mm400mmcolumntofour
600mmdiameterpiles,asshowninFig.
Where the new foundation surcharge is large, or the allowable bearing pressure is low, the 14.30.Pilecaps...
followingmethodshouldbeused.
BORINGMETHODSSITEEXPLORATION.
Sizeofbase(allowingforfoundationsurcharge) Thefollowingarethevariousboring
Deadloadfromnewsurcharge methodscommonlyused:(i)Augerboring.
(ii)Augerandshellboring.(iii)Washboring.
(iv)Percus...

FOUNDATIONSFORBLACKCOTTONSOILS.
Imposedloadfromnewsurcharge
Blackcottonsoilsandoherexpansivesoils
havetypicalcharacteristicsofshrinkageand
swellingduetomoisturemovementthrough
them.Du...

TIMBERINGOFTRENCHESSOILS.
Whenthedepthoftrenchislarge,orwhen
The weight of the new foundation is taken as approximately equal to the weight of soil
thesubsoilisloose,thesidesofthetrench
displaced,andthusis
maycavein.Theproblemcanbesolvedby
excludedfromtheaboveloads.
adopting...

Thenetbearingpressureis DesignExample5:Padbaseaxialloadplus
bendingmoment(smalleccentricity).
Acolumnpadbaseissubjecttoanaxialload
InthiscasetheexistingsurchargesS=0. of200kN(dead)plus300kN(imposed),
andabendingmomentof40kNm.Tosuit
siteconstrai...

TYPESOFFOUNDATIONS:Shallow
foundation,DeepFoundations.
Foundationsmaybebroadlyclassifiedunder
twoheads:(a)ShallowFoundations(b)
DeepFoundations.AccordingtoTerzaghi,a
foundat...

LIVELOADSINABUILDING:onfloors,on
roofs.
Liveloads,alsocalledassuperimposed
loads,consisiofmovingorvariableloads,
As may be seen, the normal method value of B = 0.71 m in this example is sufciently duetopeopleoroccupants,theirfurniture,
accurateforallpracticalpurposes. temporary...

Final selection of foundation width must take into account the width of the wall, together DrivenPiles:AdvantagesandDisadvantages.
with an allowance for tolerance. It should also try to suit standard widths of excavator Pilesmaybeoftimber,steelorconcrete.Whenthepiles
bucketswhichareinmultiplesof150mm,e.g.450mm,600mm,750mm,etc.Inthis areofconcrete,theyaretobeprecast.Theymaybe
caseawidthofB=750mmwouldbeappropriate,asshowninFig.11.14. driveneitherverticallyor...

Actualnetbearingpressure(ignoringfoundationsurcharge) Blogs de Inters:


Theactualnetbearingpressurebeneaththestripfootingmaynowbecalculated,ifrequired. Seguidores
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DesignExample:RectangularBalancedFoundation.

Balancedfoundations(rectangular,cantilever,tr...

DesignExample:TiedPortalFrameBase.

TiedfoundationsDesign.

TiedandBalancedFoundations.

TiedandBalancedFoundations.

DesignJackingRaft

DesignBuoyancyRaft.

DesignBeamStripRaft.

DesignLiddedCellularRaft.

DesignCellularRaft.

Fig.11.14Trenchllstripfootingdesignexample. DesignExample:SlipSandwichRaft.

Categories:FOOTINGS,STRIPFOUNDATIONS DesignSlipSandwichRaft.

PIPINGFAILURESINSANDCUTS.
Related Post:
BRACEDCUTS.
FOOTINGS
ANCHORAGEOFBULKHEADS.
StripFootingsTypicalExamples.
CrustRaftDesign.
DESIGNOFCOMBINEDFOOTINGSBYELASTICLINEMETHOD.

DESIGNOFCOMBINEDFOOTINGSBYRIGIDMETHOD(CONVENTIONALMETHOD). DesignExample:NominalCrustRaft.

PROPORTIONINGOFCANTILEVERFOOTING. DesignNominalCrustRaftSemiFlexible

COMBINEDFOOTINGSANDMATFOUNDATIONS. SemiFexibleRafts:DesignSpanforLocalDepressi...

SAFEBEARINGPRESSUREFROMEMPIRICALEQUATIONSBASEDONCPTVALUESFOR BearingPressureDesignSemiFexibleRafts.
FOOTINGSONCOHESIONLESSSOIL.
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EMPIRICAL EQUATIONS BASED ON SPT VALUES FOR FOOTINGS ON COHESIONLESS
SOILS. DesignPrinciplesSemiFlexibleRafts.
DESIGNCHARTSFROMSPTVALUESFORFOOTINGSONSAND.
DesignExample:FloatingSlab.
EffectofSizeofFootingsonSettlement.
SizingoftheSlab.
STRIPFOUNDATIONS
DesignDecisionsFloatingSlabs.
SizingoftheDesign:ContinuousBeamStrips.
FloatingSlabs(GroundSlabs).
DesignDecisions:ContinuousBeamStrips.
SizingoftheDesign:ContinuousBeamStrips.
RectangularandteebeamContinuousStrips.
DesignDecisions:ContinuousBeamStrips.
DesignExample3:ReinforcedStripFoundation.

DesignDecisionsSizingupoftheDesignReinforcedConcretePadsandStrips.. RectangularandteebeamContinuousStrips.

ReinforcedConcretePadsandStrips. DesignExample5:Padbaseaxialloadplusbendi...

UnreinforcedConcreteStrips. PadFoundationswithaxialLoadsandBending
Momen...
TrenchFillFoundationDesignDecisions.

TrenchFillStrips. DesignExample:ReinforcedPadBase.

DesignExample3:ReinforcedStripFoundation.

DesignDecisionsSizingupoftheDesignReinf...

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UnreinforcedConcreteStrips.
1 comentarios:
DesignExample:DeepMassConcretePadBase.
MohammedALALIsaid...
DesignExample:TrenchFillStripFooting.
Maybeyoushouldreferencetothebookfromwhichyoucopiedtheexample:)
TrenchFillFoundationDesignDecisions.
March27,2013at8:35AM
TrenchFillStrips.

UnreinforcedConcretePadsandStrips.

Post a Comment Foundations:GeneralDesignMethod.

StructuralDesignofFoundationMembers.

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FoundationDesign:CalculationofAppliedBearing...
Enteryourcomment...
FoundationDesign:DenitionofBearing
Pressures....

FOUNDATIONDESIGNCALCULATIONPROCEDURE.
Commentas: Selectprofile...
ExploitationofFoundationStiffnessandResulting...

SelectFoundation:Questioningtheinformation
Publish
Preview and...

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Informationcollection/assessmentStructuralCo...

SelectionoftheAppropriateFoundation.

GrillageFoundationsDescription.

RetainingWalls.
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AnchorPilesDescription.

SteelPilesDescription.

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