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Chapter 3 Cells Review - key


This is a review worksheet intended to help you study the PowerPoint and in-class notes we have discussed.

Match the items on the right with the terms on the left.

__J 1. Nucleus A. Gatekeeper of the cell


__P 2. Ribosome B. Provides support and cell structure in plants.
__E 3. Cytoplasm C. Made of RNA and Protein. Nucleus of the Nucleus
__I 4. Mitochondria D. Surrounds the nucleus.
__G 5. Endoplasmic Reticulum E. Fluid like substance that surrounds the organelles
__H 6. Rough ER F. Breaks down broken organelles or wastes.
__N 7. Smooth ER G. Responsible for transport of materials in the cell. (THIS
COULB BE E.R. OR VESICLE)

__C 8. Nucleolus H. Has ribosomes attached.


__K 9. Centrioles I. Makes energy usable for the cell.
__B 10. Cell Wall J. Contains chromosomes and DNA.
__O 11. Central Vacuole K. 1 pair is needed for cell division (ONLY IN ANIMAL CELLS)
__L 12. Golgi Apparatus / Body L. Sorts, packages, and ships materials in the cell
__A 13. Plasma / Cell Membrane M. Uses suns energy to make sugars in plants.
__D 14. Nuclear Membrane N. Responsible for transport, doesnt have ribosomes
attached.
__M 15. Chloroplast O. Large organelle that contains mostly water.
__F 16. Lysosomes P. Makes Proteins.
__Q 17. Peroxisomes Q. Organelle that produces an enzyme to break down
toxic Hydrogen Peroxide (NOT ON TEST)
Label the organelles in the diagrams below and place the word Animal or Plant cell on the line below each
picture.
Rough ER ribosome Chloroplast

Cell
Nucleolus
membrane
nucleus
Mitochondria

Nucleus

Smooth ER

Golgi Ap
Mitochondria Cell Wall
Central
Vacuole
Animal
Plant or Animal: _________________________ Plant or Animal: __________________________
Plant

Fill in the table below with as much information as possible. Try not to look back at your notes! Then check
yourself!
Organelle: Function: Structure: In In
Animals? Plants?
Cell Wall Provides rigid structure Exterior of cell, defininte shape
No!!! Yes
Nucleus brain of cell, protects and contains DNA Largest visible organelle in Eukayotes
Yes Yes
Golgi packaging center of cell modifies and Folded sacs and Tunnels
Yes Yes
packages proteins and other materials
Apparatus
Cell Responsible for maintaining homeostasis for the Made of a phospholipid bilayer
Yes Yes
cell, determines what enters and exits the cell is
Membrane selectively permeable
Rough ER Transport system for the cell, attached to the Covered with ribosomes
Yes Yes
nucleus, where the ribosomes exit the nucleus
Smooth ER No ribosomes
Yes Yes
Chloroplast Site of photosynthesis, makes glucose (sugar) Disk shaped with stacks or small round
NO!!!!!! Yes
for the plant disks, one of the larger organelles
Vacuole Storage container in cell medium round organelles
Yes Yes
Plants have a large one just for water called the
central vacuole
Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell. Creates ATP through Jelly-bean shaped organelle with folds or
Yes Yes
cellular respiration waves, the folds increase surface area
and allow more production of ATP
Nucleolus produces ribosomes The center of the nucleus
Yes Yes
Lysosomes Suicide sacs contain digestive enzymes that Small round organelle
Yes NO!
break down dead and decaying materials
cytoplasm Made mostly of water, blood of the cell, site of
Jelly-like substance Yes Yes
most of the chemical reactions in the cell
Ribosome Protein factories assemble amino acids to form Look like small dots
Yes Yes
proteins
Centrioles Responsible for aiding in the division of DNA Look like churros or 2 tnt sticks near the
Yes No
during the cell division nucleus
20. What are organelles?small structures within a cell that perform a specific job or function in the cell
21. How does a prokaryotic cell differ from a eukaryotic cell? Prokaryotes lack a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
22. How does an animal cell differ from a plant cell? Plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts and central vacuole
Animal cells have lysosomes and centrioles
In plant cells, the rigid inner layer next to the cell membrane is called cell wall.
23. DNA is also known as genetic material. When it becomes thickened, it is then called chromatin
Identify the following scientists:

24. Robert Hooke first to identify cells, named cells, looked at cork under a crude microscope

25. Anton van Leeuwenhoek used a compound microscope to look at pond water, saw animalcules swimming in water

26. Matthias Schleiden plants are made of cells

27. Theodor Schwaan animals are made of cells

28. Rudolph Virchow all cells come from living cells

29. State the 3 parts of the cell theory:

a) all organisms are made of cells


b) all existing cells are produced by other living cells
c) the cell is the most basic unit of life
30. A group of similar cells make up tissues?

Study all notes, worksheets, quizzes and the graphic


organizer!