Sie sind auf Seite 1von 13

5 Viviana investigates the thermal decomposition of zinc carbonate.

She puts 0.47 g of zinc carbonate into a test-tube.

heat
She uses a gas syringe to collect the carbon dioxide made.

Every 30 seconds she measures the total volume of carbon dioxide in the gas syringe. Look

at the graph of Vivianas results.

100

80

total 60
volume
of carbon
dioxide
in cm3 40

20

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
time in seconds

(a) (i) How long does it take to make 70 cm3 of carbon dioxide?

..................................................... seconds [1]

(ii) What is the total volume of carbon dioxide made at the end of the reaction?

............................................................ cm3 [1]

(iii) At what time does the reaction stop?

..................................................... seconds [1]

(b) At the end of the experiment Viviana finds out how much zinc oxide she has made.

Look at her table of results.

substance mass in grams

mass of zinc carbonate before heating 0.47

mass of zinc oxide after heating 0.30

mass of carbon dioxide made

(i) What is the mass of carbon dioxide made?


Put your answer in the table. [1]

(ii) Viviana repeats the experiment.

This time she uses 0.94 g of zinc carbonate instead of 0.47 g.

Predict how much zinc oxide she should make.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

mass of zinc oxide = ............................................... g [1]

[Total: 5]

5 Viviana investigates the thermal decomposition of zinc carbonate.

She puts 0.47 g of zinc carbonate into a test-tube.

She then heats the zinc carbonate using a blue Bunsen flame. Carbon

dioxide and zinc oxide are made.

Look at the apparatus she uses.

gas syringe

zinc carbonate

heat
She uses a gas syringe to collect the carbon dioxide made.

Every 30 seconds she measures the total volume of carbon dioxide in the gas syringe. Look

at the graph of Vivianas results.

100

80

total 60
volume
of
carbon
dioxide
in cm3 40

20

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
time in seconds

(a) (i) How long does it take to make 50 cm3 of carbon dioxide?

..................................................... seconds [1]

(ii) At what time does the reaction stop?

..................................................... seconds [1]


(b) At the end of the experiment Viviana finds out how much zinc oxide she made.

Look at her table of results.

substance mass in grams

mass of zinc carbonate before heating 0.47

mass of zinc oxide after heating 0.30

mass of carbon dioxide made 0.17

(i) How many moles of carbon dioxide, CO2, are made in the experiment?

The relative atomic mass (Ar) of C is 12 and of O is 16.

...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

number of moles = .............................................. [2]

(ii) Viviana repeats the experiment.

This time she uses 0.94 g of zinc carbonate instead of 0.47 g.

Predict how much zinc oxide she should make.

....................................................................................................... She

then heats the zinc carbonate using a blue Bunsen flame. Carbon

dioxide and zinc oxide are made.

Look at the apparatus she uses.

gas syringe

zinc carbonate
....................................

...........................................................................................................................................

mass of zinc oxide = ............................................... g [1]

[Total: 5]
5 Viviana investigates the thermal decomposition of zinc carbonate.

She puts 0.47 g of zinc carbonate into a test-tube.

She then heats the zinc carbonate using a blue Bunsen flame. Carbon

dioxide and zinc oxide are made.

Look at the apparatus she uses.

gas syringe

zinc carbonate
heat
She uses a gas syringe to collect the carbon dioxide made.

Every 30 seconds she measures the total volume of carbon dioxide in the gas syringe. Look

at the graph of Vivianas results.

100

80

total 60
volume
of
carbon
dioxide
in cm3 40

20

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
time in seconds

(a) (i) How long does it take to make 50 cm3 of carbon dioxide?

..................................................... seconds [1]

(ii) At what time does the reaction stop?

..................................................... seconds [1]

(b) At the end of the experiment Viviana finds out how much zinc oxide she made.

Look at her table of results.

substance mass in grams

mass of zinc carbonate before heating 0.47

mass of zinc oxide after heating 0.30

mass of carbon dioxide made 0.17

(i) How many moles of carbon dioxide, CO2, are made in the experiment?

The relative atomic mass (Ar) of C is 12 and of O is 16.

...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

number of moles = .............................................. [2]

(ii) Viviana repeats the experiment.

This time she uses 0.94 g of zinc carbonate instead of 0.47 g.

Predict how much zinc oxide she should make.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

mass of zinc oxide = ............................................... g [1]

[Total: 5]
10 John reacts calcium carbonate with hydrochloric acid.
Carbon dioxide gas is made and collected.
He does the experiment twice. gas gas syringe
He uses the same amount of
each chemical.
In the first experiment the acid is
at 20 C.
In the second experiment the acid hydrochloric
is at 40 C. acid
calcium
carbonate

(a) Look at the graph. It shows his results.


100

80

at 40 C
60
volume at 20 C
of gas
in cm3
40

20

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
time in minutes
(i) Both reactions give the same final volume of gas.

What is the final volume of gas?

............................................................ cm3 [1]

(ii) Complete the sentence.

At 2 minutes the reaction at 40 C has made 60 cm3 of gas.

At 2

Look at the diagram.

It shows the apparatus she uses.

20 40 60 80 100 cm3

gas syringe

50 cm3 dilute sulfuric acid

1.0 g iron and 0.10 g catalyst

She measures the time it takes to collect 100 cm3 of hydrogen in the gas

syringe. In experiments 2 to 5 she uses 0.10 g of catalyst each time.

In experiment 1 no catalyst is used.

Look at the results table.

Experiment name of colour of colour of mass of mass of time to


number catalyst catalyst catalyst catalyst at catalyst left collect
at start of at end of the start at the end 100 cm3 of
reaction reaction of reaction of reaction hydrogen
in grams in grams in seconds

no catalyst
1 130
added
copper
2 pink pink 0.10 0.10 20
powder
copper sulfate
3 blue pink 0.10 0.04 15
powder
calcium
4 white white 0.10 0.10 130
sulfate powder

5 zinc powder silver silver 0.10 0.05 10


(i) Milly did not use a catalyst in experiment 1.

Suggest why.

...........................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................... [1]

(ii) In which experiment was the reaction the fastest?

Choose from experiment 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5.

............................. [1]

(iii) Milly thinks that copper powder is a catalyst for this reaction.

Explain how Milly made this conclusion from her results.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................... [2]

[Total: 5]

minutes the reaction at 20 C has made cm3 of gas. [1]

(iii) Which reaction is faster, the one at 20 C or at 40 C?

Use the graph to explain your answer.

.................................................................................................................................... [1]

(b) Suggest why the reaction stops.

............................................................................................................................................ [1]

(c) One way of speeding up a reaction is to increase the temperature.

Write down one other way of speeding up a reaction.

............................................................................................................................................ [1]

[Total: 5]
8 Iron reacts very slowly with dilute sulfuric acid.

The reaction makes iron sulfate and hydrogen.

(a) Write down the word equation for this reaction.

............................................................................................................................................ [1]
(b) Milly wants to make the reaction faster.

She knows that catalysts make reactions faster.

She tries to find a catalyst for this reaction.