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Procedural Standards for Whole Building

Systems Technical Commissioning


for New Construction

2014 Fourth Edition

NEBB
8575 Grovemont Circle
Gaithersburg, Maryland 20877
Tel 301-977-3698
Fax 301-977-9589
www.nebb.org
PROCEDURAL STANDARDS FOR WHOLE BUILDING SYSTEMS COMMISSIONING
FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION

Copyright NEBB, 2014

FIRST EDITION - JANUARY 1993


SECOND EDITION - JANUARY 2000
THIRD EDITION - JULY 2008
FOURTH EDITION APRIL 2014

NEBB DEVELOPS AND SPECIFIES STANDARDS FOR TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING OF WHOLE BUILDING SYSTEMS.
PERFORMANCE OF THESE SERVICES ONLY BY PERSONS CERTIFIED OR QUALIFIED FOR ENGAGING IN THIS SPECIALTY
IS ONE SUCH STANDARD. NEBB SOLICITS INQUIRY BY ANY AND ALL PERSONS SEEKING SUCH APPROVALS. FOR
MORE INFORMATION, GO TO WWW.NEBB.ORG.

This book may not be reproduced in any form without written permission of the copyright owner.

These Procedural Standards were developed using reliable engineering principles and research plus consultation with, and
information obtained from, manufacturers, users, testing laboratories and others having specialized experience. They are
subject to revision as further experience and investigation may show it necessary or desirable to do so. Building Systems
Technical Commissioning completed to these standards may not be applicable if the system being commissioned contains
features or components impairing the results of these standards. NEBB assumes no responsibility and has no liability for
the application of the principles or techniques contained in these Procedural Standards. Authorities considering adoption
of these Procedural Standards should review all Federal, State, local and contract regulations applicable to the specific
installation.
i

Foreword

The purpose of the NEBB Procedural Standards for Whole Building Systems for New Construction is to establish
a uniform and systematic set of criteria for the performance of the Technical Commissioning Process when
applied to new building systems such as mechanical, electrical and building envelope systems.

These Procedural Standards are intended as the baseline requirements a NEBB BSC Certified Firm follows when
performing NEBB Building Systems Commissioning (BSC). Contract document requirements or contractual
agreements between the Owner and the NEBB BSC Certified Firm may supersede the NEBB requirements. This
manual describes the standard of care for all baseline activities performed during the BSC Process.

The purpose of these Procedural Standards is to provide specific requirements each firm performing NEBB
Certified BSC must meet at each Phase of the BSC Process. These Procedural Standards are divided into three
distinct Parts: Standards, Process, and Procedures. The Standards, Process and Procedures sections are narrative and
describe the baseline level of technical Processes which all NEBB Certified projects follow to be a NEBB Project.

This 4th edition details the requirements for Whole Building Systems Technical Commissioning and includes
HVAC, Building Envelope, Electrical, Special Electrical, Plumbing and Fire Protection Systems as the baseline
standard of care. The Scope of Work identifies all systems to be included in Commissioning as part of the
Technical BSC Process.
iii

BUILDING SYSTEMS COMMISSIONING COMMITTEE MEMBERS


AND OTHER CONTRIBUTORS FOR THE CURRENT EDITION

BSC Committee BSC Task Force Team Members


James Bochat Chairman Vincent P. Lopez - Task Force Lead
Commissioning Concepts Brooks + Wright Commissioning
Phoenix, AZ Philadelphia, PA

Jon Sheppard Past Chairman Richard Farrington


Atlantic Testing & Balancing, Inc. HDR Inc.
Chesapeake, VA Tacoma, WA
Vincent P. Lopez
William Wright
The Ballinger Company
Brooks + Wright Commissioning
Philadelphia, PA
Philadelphia, PA
Richard Farrington
HDR Inc. Terry Townsend, P.E.
Tacoma, WA Townsend Engineering, Inc.
Chattanooga, TN
Dave McFarlane
Atkins Global Elana Noel
Fort Myers, FL NEBB
Gaithersburg, MD
Terry Townsend, P.E.
Townsend Engineering, Inc.
Chattanooga, TN

Stephen Wiggins
Newcomb & Boyd
Atlanta, GA

Mike Locke
MechTech Inc.
Forney, TX

Additional Contributors:

Tom Meyer - NEBB


v

Contents

Section 1. Quality Conformance............................................................ 1


1.1 Program Advantages.....................................................................................................1
1.2 NEBB Quality Assurance Program Certificate.......................................................1
1.3 Quality Control and Compliance...............................................................................1
1.4 Commissioning (Cx) Work Compliance.................................................................1
1.5 CP Responsibilities.......................................................................................................2
1.6 Execution of Procedures..............................................................................................2
1.7 Instrument and Equipment Use and Maintenance.............................................2
1.8 Coordination/Supervision..........................................................................................2
1.9 Project Communication..............................................................................................2
1.10 Work Completion..........................................................................................................2
1.11 Compilation and Submission of Final Technical Commissioning Reports...3

Section 2. Responsibilities.....................................................................4
INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................4
2.1 Owner Responsibilities................................................................................................4
2.2 Design Professionals Responsibilities.....................................................................4
2.3 Contractor Responsibilities........................................................................................4
2.4 NEBB BSC Certified Firm Responsibilities.............................................................5

Section 3. Standards for Instrumentation............................................7


MINIMUM INSTRUMENTATION...........................................................................................7
3.1 Range and Accuracy....................................................................................................7
3.2 Special Instruments.....................................................................................................7

Section 4. Standards for Reports..........................................................8


TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING REPORT............................................................................8
4.1 Required Pages..............................................................................................................8

Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process............................10


INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................10
DESIGN PHASE TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING...........................................................10
5.1 Design Phase Requirements.....................................................................................11
5.2 Design Phase Activities............................................................................................ 12
5.3 Design Phase Deliverables.......................................................................................14
5.4 Pre-Bid Meeting.......................................................................................................... 15
CONSTRUCTION PHASE TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING......................................... 15
5.5 Construction Phase Requirements........................................................................ 15
5.6 Construction Phase Activities.................................................................................16
5.7 Construction Phase Deliverables...........................................................................19
vi NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

POST OCCUPANCY PHASE TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING...................................20


5.8 Post Occupancy Phase Requirements.................................................................20
5.9 Post-Occupancy Phase Activities.........................................................................20
5.10 Post-Occupancy Phase Deliverables.................................................................... 21

Section 6. Technical Commissioning of HVAC Systems...................22


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 22
6.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 22
6.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 23
6.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning............................................................. 25

Section 7. Technical Commissioning of Building Envelope.............. 26


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 26
7.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 26
7.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 26
7.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning............................................................. 27

Section 8. Commissioning of Electrical Systems.............................. 29


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 29
8.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 29
8.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 29
8.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning.............................................................30

Section 9. Commissioning of Special Electrical Systems.................32


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 32
9.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 32
9.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 32
9.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning............................................................. 35

Section 10. Commissioning of Plumbing Systems.............................36


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 36
10.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 36
10.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 36
10.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning............................................................. 37

Section 11. Commissioning of Fire Protection Systems....................39


INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 39
11.1 Design Phase Commissioning............................................................................... 39
11.2 Construction Phase Commissioning.................................................................... 39
11.3 Post Occupancy Phase Commissioning..............................................................41

Appendices........................................................................................... 43
Appendix A - Acronyms.......................................................................................................... 43
Appendix B - Definitions.........................................................................................................44
Appendix C - Instrumentation................................................................................................ 51
Section 1. Quality Conformance 1

Section 1. 1.4. Commissioning (Cx) Work


Compliance
QUALITY CONFORMANCE
The scope of work shall be performed as specified
in the contract documents or as agreed to between
The credibility of NEBB is built by maintaining integ- the NEBB Certified Firm and the Owner/Buyer. Each
rity through high standards, quality programs, and relevant or applicable item as identified in the scope
demonstrated capabilities of its certified firms. As of work by description, or by reference, shall be per-
further assurance, NEBB offers a Quality Assurance formed NEBB Certified Firm and recorded in the
Program to guarantee that the work will be accom- NEBB Final Report. Data presented in a NEBB report
plished in accordance with its standards. The NEBB shall provide an accurate record of the system tests,
Certificate of Conformance Certification is an inte- measurements, data and information.
gral element of the program. It assures that the NEBB
Certified Firm will perform specified services in con- a. In all cases, the processes followed, the Tech-
formity with the current applicable NEBB Procedural nical Commissioning activities, the require-
Standards. ments of each phase, and the testing results
conform to the current edition of the NEBB
1.1. Program Advantages Procedural Standards for Whole Building Systems
Technical Commissioning for New Construction.
The NEBB Quality Assurance Program affords build-
ing owners, architects, engineers and other agents a b. References to desired procedures include
reliable basis for specifying work within the various statements such as the work will be per-
disciplines of NEBB. The program promotes proper formed in accordance to NEBB Standards.
execution of projects by ensuring compliance with When specifications indicate the BSC work
NEBB standards and procedures. must be performed in accordance with NEBB
standards, the BSC procedures will conform to
1.2. NEBB Quality Assurance the edition of the NEBB Procedural Standards
for Whole Building Systems Technical Commis-
Program Certificate sioning for New Construction current at the time
The NEBB Certified Firm shall make application to of the contract and must be performed by a
the NEBB Office for a Certificate of Conformance NEBB Certified Firm.
Certification if specified in the contract documents.
The NEBB Quality Assurance Program Conformance c. The NEBB BSC Certified Firm and the NEBB
Certification is also available for any project. BSC Certified Professional are allowed to sign
and stamp a Commissioning report as a NEBB
Certified Technical Commissioning Report
1.3. Quality Control and Compliance
only when the procedures and requirements
Building owners are entitled to a professional ser- as identified in these Procedural Standards
vice by every NEBB Certified Firm on every project, have been followed.
whether the job is NEBB-specified or not. It is the re-
sponsibility of the NEBB Certified Firm and its NEBB d. A NEBB Certified Report consists of any single
Certified Professional to establish and maintain pro- Technical Commissioning phase or any com-
cedures and practices that will assure a consistent bination of phases described in these Proce-
pattern of high quality work on all projects. This point dural Standards as required by the Owner. To
cannot be overemphasized. qualify as a NEBB Certified Report, each com-
missioned phase included in the report ad-
2 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

heres to the requirements of the phase being The NEBB CP has the responsibility to assure that the
commissioned. systems have been commissioned properly in accor-
dance with these Procedural Standards and the con-
e. If a scope of work of the commissioning con- tract scope of work to assure the accuracy of all data
tract does not specifically delineate the Tech- included in the final Technical Commissioning Report.
nical Commissioning Processes then the proj- Factors such as training, instrument use, coordination/
ect is required to meet all requirements for supervision, work instructions, and project communi-
each phase commissioned to be a NEBB Cer- cation play a critical role in achieving this requirement.
tified Project.
1.7. Instrument and Equipment Use
f. If a project scope of work of the commission-
ing contract requires a different level of com-
and Maintenance
missioning than described by the Procedural NEBB CPs shall possess knowledge and skill in the
Standards language, the procedural variance is proper use and care of the equipment and instru-
clearly delineated in the project scope of work ments required to perform the associated tests
and listed on the Technical Commissioning required of the Technical Commissioning effort.
report certification page to qualify as a NEBB This shall include a thorough understanding of the
Certified Report. operating principles and use of equipment and in-
struments. Considerations for the delicate nature of
g. Any project that does not comply with the many of the instruments typically used, as well as
Procedural Standards requirements and does the adverse effects of dirt, shock, jarring movements
not clearly identify the specific procedur- and exceeding rated capacities, shall be addressed
al variances required by the commissioning along with the proper methods for storing and trans-
contract on the certification page cannot be porting the instruments.
signed and stamped as a NEBB certified Tech-
nical Commissioning report. All references to
1.8. Coordination/Supervision
NEBB, including NEBB logos, stamps, certifi-
cations, etc. must be removed from the report. The NEBB CP shall be in responsible charge for di-
recting commissioning team members/ technicians
1.5. CP Responsibilities in performing the Technical Commissioning work.

It is the responsibility of the NEBB CP to control the


1.9. Project Communication
quality of the Technical Commissioning work. This
means that the NEBB Certified Firm, through its The NEBB CP shall report on progress made toward
NEBB CP, shall satisfy the contract obligations set work completion, when required, as well as report
defined in the contract documents or as agreed to and address problems if encountered. When a prob-
with the Owner/Buyer. lem exists, the NEBB CP should notify the appropri-
ate personnel. The NEBB CP may provide input as to
1.6. Execution of Procedures the cause of the problem and recommend possible
solutions. Deficiencies and problems should be re-
The NEBB CP shall have project responsibility, which ported in the Issues Log.
includes authority to represent the NEBB Certified
Firm. Examples of project responsibility may include
1.10. Work Completion
labor decisions, negotiating change orders, commit-
ting to contract interpretations and implementing The NEBB CP shall determine when the Technical
changes in job schedules. Commissioning work has been completed. Gen-
Section 1. Quality Conformance 3

erally, the specified work is complete when all ap- Electronic Certified Report: An electronic version of
plicable systems, components and assemblies are the NEBB issued seal/stamp (digital representation)
properly commissioned, all testing results have been shall be applied to the certification page, along with
approved, all issues have been resolved and the fi- an electronic version of the Certified Professionals
nal Technical Commissioning report is complete. signature. This allows the Certified Professional to
Reasonable efforts within the extent of the Technical affix a computer generated seal/stamp and an elec-
Commissioning Process should be performed in an tronic signature to a document.
effort to achieve acceptable system performance.
Stamp Security: Certified Professionals shall take
The final report may contain unresolved issues only appropriate measures to ensure security of their
when the owner/buyer has accepted the unresolved ink stamp, electronic stamp, ink signature stamp,
issue and has agreed on its exclusion as a require- and electronic signature. The Certified Professional
ment of project completion. If the owner refuses to cannot claim his/her stamp and/or signature were
accept an unresolved issue and its correction is in applied to a Certified Report without his/her permis-
dispute with the contracting or design team or the sion or knowledge. The security and use of ink stamp,
owner fails to respond to the issue report after three electronic stamp, ink signature stamp, or electronic
documented attempts, such issues must be identi- signature is the responsibility of the Certified Profes-
fied in the executive summary of the final Technical sional. The Certified Professional is directly responsi-
Commissioning report. ble for any misuse of these items regardless whether
he/she authorized their use.
1.11. Compilation and Submission of
Final Technical Commissioning
Reports
Reports shall include information and data to provide
an accurate quantitative record of system measure-
ments and information. Reports also shall include
notes and comments, as appropriate, to provide the
reviewer with additional details related to the results
of the Technical Commissioning efforts for all equip-
ment, systems and components that were included
in the scope. Reports shall meet the criteria listed in
the procedural standard.

The certification page shall bear the stamp of the


NEBB CP. The stamp on the certification page shall
be signed as evidence that the NEBB CP has person-
ally reviewed and accepted the report.

Paper Certified Report: An ink stamp issued by


NEBB with an original signature or ink signature
stamp shall be applied to the certification page. The
signature and date shall not obscure the Certified
Professionals name or Certified Firms number in the
seal/stamp.
4 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 2. f. Have final authority to accept the Final Report

RESPONSIBILITIES 2.2. Design Professionals


Responsibilities
INTRODUCTION It is recommended the design professionals:

Best practice dictates Technical Commissioning ser- a. Prepare a Basis of Design document
vices are to be procured directly by the Owner and responding directly to the Owners Project
the contract for these services is between the Own- Requirements
er and the Technical Commissioning firm. Under this b. Incorporate the Basis of Design into a set of
arrangement, the Technical Commissioning firm does Contract Documents conveying the design in-
not have a contractual relationship with any other tent and conforms to the OPR
members of the project delivery team. These Proce- c. Provide Design Development and Contract
dural Standards assumes the BSC firm is contracted Documents to the Technical Commission-
directly to the Owner. When other contractual rela- ing Team for commissioning evaluation and
tionships exist, special language must be included in comment
the contract to preclude any conflicts of interest and d. Work in concert with the Technical Commis-
to maintain the proper testing validation. sioning Authority (CA) to maximize the test-
ability, accessibility, maintainability and effi-
In order to maximize value and benefits from com- cient operation of the project
missioning, it is important to understand the Owner, e. Work in concert with the CA so the Contract
the design professionals, and the contractors have Documents define the level of commissioning
responsibilities affecting the outcome of the Techni- effort required by the construction team and
cal Commissioning Process. equipment vendors
f. Specify the construction team members pro-
2.1. Owner Responsibilities vide documentation in accordance with these
Procedural Standards
It is recommended the Owner: g. Specify all technical system suppliers or in-
stallers provide access to hardware, soft-
a. Retain the services of the NEBB BSC Certified ware, or onsite technical support required to
Firm and require the NEBB BSC Certified assist the Technical Commissioning effort.
Firm be retained early in the Technical The hardware, software or the onsite tech-
Commissioning Process. This should happen nical support is provided to the Technical
at the beginning of the Design Phase. Commissioning team at no cost to the Own-
b. Identify the Owners Project Requirements er, Testing Subcontractors or the NEBB BSC
(OPR) Certified Firm.
c. Verifies that all Issue Log open items are h. Attend periodic commissioning meetings
resolved i. Attend appropriate training for facilities op-
d. Have final responsibility to enforce the con- erations presented by the Technical Commis-
tract obligations to correct any deficiencies, sioning Team
or accept any designed/constructed condition
even if it doesnt meet the OPR
2.3. Contractor Responsibilities
e. Have final authority to determine when the
project is complete and the OPR has been The General Contractor, Subcontractors and their
fulfilled Vendors must provide:
Section 2. Responsibilities 5

a. Copies of contract document change orders, j. The training sessions are by the respon-
requests for information communications, sible contractor as defined in the project
meeting minutes and contract addenda as specifications
they are developed during the construction
process 2.4. NEBB BSC Certified Firm
b. All project submittals for systems and compo-
nents included in the commissioning scope as
Responsibilities
they are approved or reviewed by the design The NEBB BSC Certified Firm must provide:
team
c. A project schedule which incorporates com- a. Follow the current NEBB Procedural Standards
missioning milestones and schedule provid- when performing the BSC work
ed by the Technical Commissioning authority b. Chair commissioning meeting with designers
(CA) This schedule must coordinate the work and contractors to introduce and direct the
of other disciplines and provide adequate time Technical Commissioning Process
in the construction process to allow each sub c. Review plans, specifications and submittal
trade to properly install and test their specific evaluations for conformance to the OPR and
equipment. BOD for possible conflicts and deficiencies.
d. The schedule must coordinate the work of oth- Evaluate documents for the ability of systems
er disciplines and provide adequate time in the to be operated, maintained, commissioned,
construction process to allow each sub trade to tested, adjusted and balanced, and conform-
properly install and test their specific equipment ing to industry accepted practices.
e. Notify the NEBB BSC Certified Firm of all d. Create, utilize and manage the Technical Com-
schedule changes missioning Issues Log to resolve all design and
f. Manage and implement the construction pro- construction issues discovered during the
cess to ensure the building and its systems are Technical Commissioning Process
constructed in accordance with the contract e. Attend on-site commissioning meetings as
documents and are complete and operational required to complete and coordinate the Tech-
g. Manage and implement the start-up process nical Commissioning Process
in accordance with manufacturers recom- f. Assist CM/GC in developing all commission-
mendations to ensure all systems and compo- ing schedules
nents of all building systems are installed cor- g. The responsibility for creating, administering,
rectly and operating correctly and are ready performing, and observing the various activ-
for functional testing ities during the Pre-Functional Tests are out-
h. Manage and implement all system testing lined in the Technical Commissioning Plan and
and balancing in accordance with the contract can be performed by different members of the
documents Technical Commissioning Team during the
i. Require any special tools, software or pro- Construction Phase based on the type of tech-
gramming devices, or the instruction on their nical activity of the test. The party responsible
use required for start-up, testing, balancing, to perform each task is defined in the Contract
Technical Commissioning or operation of any Documents and the Technical Commissioning
technical system be provided by the manu- Plan.
facturer or installing contractor to the firm or h. Develop and perform all functional perfor-
individual providing those services free of any mance tests (FPT) for all systems included in
additional cost or fees the scope of work
6 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

i. Make recommendations to the Owner regard-


ing the acceptance of all equipment and sys-
tem tests
j. Provide the Final Technical Commissioning
Report
Section 3. Standards for Instrumentation 7

Section 3. mation and data regarding accuracy of all submitted


instrumentation for the stated functions must be
STANDARDS FOR available from the manufacturer to show compliance

INSTRUMENTATION with these requirements.

The accuracy and range as reported by the instru-


ment manufacturer must be verified by a testing
MINIMUM INSTRUMENTATION laboratory which uses methods and equipment
traceable to the National Institute of Standards and
A NEBB BSC Certified Firm uses a variety of instru-
Technology or equivalent institute in countries oth-
mentation in performing the specified BSC proce-
er than the United States. Calibration requirements
dures on a project. It is the responsibility of the NEBB
for each function are specified and must be met.
BSC Certified Firm to use appropriate instrumenta-
Some instruments such as U-tube manometers
tion meeting the requirements of the instrumenta-
and inclined manometers may not require calibra-
tion table found in Appendix C. Note that this doc-
tion. However, if a mechanical/electrical device is
ument is a Continuous Maintenance type document
substituted or employed in place of these types of
and the most current instrument requirements will
be on the NEBB Website at NEBB.org. instruments, the indicated calibration requirements
noted apply.
Instrumentation used on a NEBB project must be in
proper operating condition and must be used in ac- Certified Firms calibrate all instrumentation used by
cordance with the manufacturers recommendations. the firm on BSC projects in accordance with Appen-
dix C. Certified Professionals must understand the
NEBB requires NEBB BSC Certified Firms must own importance of using accurate instrumentation in the
the specified instrumentation. Appendix C lists the field, and must be prepared to show proof of instru-
minimum instrumentation a NEBB BSC Certified mentation calibration for any instrument used in the
Firm must own. The NEBB BSC Certified Firms must execution of a NEBB certified Technical Commis-
maintain the instruments and have the instruments sioning project.
calibrated in accordance with the calibration require-
ments of Appendix C. Instruments must be used in accordance with man-
ufacturers recommendations. The most suitable in-
The required instruments and equipment listed in strument, or combination of instruments, should be
Appendix C may be the same equipment and instru- employed for a particular measurement or reading.
ments utilized for other NEBB certifications. A sepa-
rate set of instruments is not required. 3.2. Special Instruments
A NEBB BSC Certified Professional may be required
3.1. Range and Accuracy to utilize special instrumentation not included in Ap-
A NEBB BSC Certified Firm must possess instru- pendix C. Special instrumentation may be provided
ments for each function and range listed in Appen- by the BSC CP, or by the installing subcontractors,
dix C. Each instrument must have been specifically or by vendors. This instrumentation must be in good
designed to meet the criteria (Minimum Accuracy, working condition and have proof of calibration with-
Range, and Resolution) of the function. Instrumen- in the last 12 months or as recommended by the in-
tation with multiple capabilities can be accepted for strument manufacturer.
more than one function when submitting documen-
tation for a firms certification. However each sepa-
rate function must meet NEBB requirements. Infor-
8 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 4. a. Project Name


b. Certifying NEBB BSC Professionals Name
STANDARDS FOR REPORTS c. Firm Name; Certification Number; Certifica-
tion Expiration Date
d. Technical Commissioning Scope performed to
NEBB standards
TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING REPORT e. Certifying NEBB BSC Certified Professionals
The NEBB Procedural Standards Building Systems Tech- NEBB Stamp (signed and dated) and this ex-
nical Commissioning establishes baseline require- act verbiage:
ments of a NEBB Certified BSC Report.
THE DATA AND CONCLUSIONS PRESENTED IN
The NEBB BSC Report is required to have: THIS REPORT ARE A RECORD OF SYSTEM COM-
MISSIONING, PERFORMANCE TESTING, AND
a. Report Title Page TRAINING VERIFICATION IN ACCORDANCE
b. Report Certification Page WITH THE NEBB BUILDING SYSTEMS TECHNI-
c. Table of Contents Page CAL COMMISSIONING PROCEDURAL STAN-
d. Executive Summary DARDS AND THE PROJECT REQUIREMENTS.
e. Technical Commissioning Plan, with all
specified deliverables THE RESULTS SHOWN AND INFORMATION
f. Owner documented acceptance of GIVEN IN THIS REPORT ARE CERTIFIED TO BE
deliverables by Phase TRUE AND ACCURATE TO THE EXTENT POS-
g. Test Instrument Page SIBLE DUE TO THE SYSTEMS OPERATING PA-
RAMETERS AT THE TIME THE SYSTEMS WERE
4.1. Required Pages TESTED. THE TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING
AUTHORITY MAKES NO CLAIMS OR WAR-
The requirements for each NEBB Certified BSC Re- RANTIES STATED OR IMPLIED CONCERNING
port are listed below: THE CONTINUED PERFORMANCE, OPERATION
OR SAFETY OF THE FACILITY PAST THE TEST
4.1.1. Report Title Page DATE IF CONDITIONS CHANGE OR OPERATING
The report title page includes: PARAMETERS WERE CHANGED BY OTHERS.

a. The heading: Certified Building Systems 4.1.3. Table Of Contents Page


Technical Commissioning Report The Table of Contents serves as a guide to the orga-
b. Project Name/Project Address nization of the BSC report.
c. Owner Name/Address/Contact Numbers
d. NEBB BSC Certified Firm Name/Address/ 4.1.4. Executive Summary/Remarks
Contact Numbers/Certification Number
A NEBB Certified BSC Report includes an executive
summary.
4.1.2. Report Certification Page
The certification page bears the stamp of the NEBB The executive summary includes an exact descrip-
BSC Certified Professional. The stamp on the certi- tion of the project Technical Commissioning Scope
fication page is signed as evidence the NEBB BSC of Work as per the Commissioning Contract. Any
Certified Professional has reviewed and accepted the specific required variances from the NEBB baseline
report. requirements must be clearly defined.

The report certification page includes: Scope of Work and variance deviation documentation:
Section 4. Standards for Reports 9

a. Refer to NEBB Procedural Standards for stan- 1. Phase Summary


dard processes 2. Identification of the deliverable
b. Refer to Technical Commissioning Plan for 3. All documents created throughout Phase
specific processes 4. Date of the document
c. Description of any process deviations used as 5. Project name
detailed on the certification page 6. Summary of the content
d. Review of each unresolved issue 7. Proof of Owner acknowledgment
e. Review of each issue that was resolved in
a manner that may still affect future system 4.1.7. Test Instrument Page
performance or create future inoperability
f. Review of each deferred system test to be per- A NEBB Certified BSC Report includes a Test Instru-
formed in the future ment page. The Test Instrument page includes:

4.1.5. Technical Commissioning Plan a. List of NEBB required instruments


b. List of non NEBB required instruments utilized
The final project Technical Commissioning Plan in- for the project
cludes Design Phase information, Construction c. Model number and Serial number of each
Phase information and Post-Occupancy Phase in- instrument
formation included in the Technical Commissioning d. Calibration date of each instrument
scope.
e. Copy of current calibration certificate for each
instrument used
The Technical Commissioning Plan includes:
4.1.8. All Report Pages
a. Identifies all of the Technical Commissioning
activities All tested items or systems included in the NEBB
b. Identifies the systems to be commissioned Certified BSC Report are clearly identified with a
c. Identifies the various Commissioning Team unique designation. The method of identification
members during each phase may be unique numbers, mechanical plan identifica-
d. Defines the roles and responsibilities of each tion or an appropriate narrative description.
Commissioning Team member
e. Creates the schedule of all Technical a. All pages contain the name of the project
Commissioning activities during each phase b. All pages are identified with a unique page
f. Establishes documentation requirements number
g. Establishes communication and reporting c. Each PFT or FPT form includes the name of the
procedures responsible person who gathered the data
d. Date of verification
4.1.6. Deliverables By Phase
These deliverables in the form of a phase report are
required to be submitted to the owner for final ac-
ceptance during the progress of the project. Each
phase report shall become a part of the final report.

a. Design Phase Report Section


b. Construction Phase Report Section
c. Post-Occupancy Phase Report Section

Each deliverable is required to contain at a minimum:


10 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 5. what phases are included in the Technical


Commissioning effort.
THE TECHNICAL b. If a Scope of Work of the commissioning con-
tract does not specifically delineate the Tech-
COMMISSIONING PROCESS nical Commissioning Processes, the project is
required to meet all baseline activities for each
phase commissioned to be a NEBB Certified
INTRODUCTION Project.
c. If a project Scope of Work of the commission-
The purpose of the NEBB Technical Commissioning
ing contract requires a different level of com-
Process is to provide detailed requirements for the
missioning than described by this standard,
Technical Commissioning Process phases and de-
the procedural variance must be clearly delin-
fine the responsibilities and activities required during
eated in the project Scope of Work and listed
each phase. The NEBB Technical Commissioning
on the Technical Commissioning Report Cer-
Process focuses on technical commissioning of the
tification Page to qualify as a NEBB Certified
whole building and all of its systems to insure inter-
Project
action between systems. Technical commissioning
d. Any project that does not comply with these
requires full system testing and verification as to
requirements of this Procedural Standards and
functionality and performance.
does not clearly identify the specific procedural
variances required by the commissioning con-
This Section describes the general Technical Com-
tract, the certification page cannot be signed
missioning requirements for a project and the later
and stamped as a NEBB Certified Technical
sections provide detailed requirements for that spe-
Commissioning Report. All references to NEBB,
cific discipline.
including NEBB logos, stamps, certifications,
The NEBB BSC Certified Professional must possess etc., must be removed from the report.
the technical competence to evaluate and verify
the OPR, the design, the installation and the perfor- The phases of Technical Commissioning are:
mance of a project from the standpoint of testability, Design Phase
accessibility, maintainability and efficient operation. Construction Phase
Post-Occupancy Phase
Technical Commissioning should start at the Own-
ers project inception and continue for the life of the DESIGN PHASE TECHNICAL
building. Consequently, the concepts and phases COMMISSIONING
discussed in this section and the technical commis-
sioning sections that follow are intentionally segre- Design Phase Technical Commissioning is the pro-
gated into the various phases because not all phases cess of evaluating each element of the design for
are included in every project. This may require a task conformance to the OPR as it relates to the systems
from a previous phase needs to be performed during ability to be commissioned, maintained, and to func-
a subsequent phase. The actual scope of Technical tion as it relates to accepted industry best practices.
Commissioning services to be provided is outlined in
the SOW and contract between the Owner and the The first step of this process is to develop and docu-
NEBB BSC Certified Firm. ment the Owners Project Requirements (OPR). The
second is to develop the Technical Commissioning
a. The owner is responsible for delineating the Plan. The purpose of Design Phase Technical Com-
commissioning scope of work which will de- missioning is to verify the design professionals in-
fine what systems are commissioned and corporate the OPR into the Contract Documents.
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 11

The design professionals prepare a document called guide the Owner in developing this document. The
the Basis of Design (BOD). This document identifies OPR should be focused on measurable end results.
how the design professionals create a design con-
forming to the OPR. The OPR is a dynamic document updated, refined
and expanded at each step in the Technical Commis-
Many entities in the design and construction field sioning Process based on Owner accepted changes.
utilize the terms Design Intent, Basis of Design, De-
sign Criteria and others interchangeably. The NEBB 5.1.2. Design Phase Technical
BSC Program defines the meanings for these terms Commissioning Plan
in Section 1 Definitions. The Technical Commissioning Plan is the document
that:
The Design Intent is comprised of two documents;
the OPR and the BOD. a. Identifies all of the Technical Commissioning
activities
5.1. Design Phase Requirements b. Identifies the systems to be commissioned
c. Identifies the various Commissioning Team
5.1.1. Owners Project Requirements (OPR) members during each Phase
d. Defines the roles and responsibilities of each
The OPR is a compilation of the communication and
Commissioning Team member
documentation of the Owners goals, objectives, and
e. Creates the schedule of all Technical
expectations for the project. The OPR includes the
Commissioning activities during each Phase
specific requirements pertaining to the project. This
f. Establishes documentation requirements
is where the Owner states the goals for how the proj-
g. Establishes communication and reporting
ect is judged as a success. The OPR is also a commu- procedures
nication tool for specific project requirements. While
the objectives are high-level goals, the requirements The Technical Commissioning Plan, like the OPR, is
can be specific details for the project and could in- updated at each step in the Technical Commission-
clude such items as building performance, sus- ing Process to account for accepted changes. The CA
tainability requirements, Technical Commissioning creates the Preliminary Technical Commissioning
goals, production details, equipment manufacturers, Plan and distribute to all members of the Commis-
required environmental criteria, anticipated utility/ sioning Team.
energy usage, maintenance features, etc. The OPR
includes information on how the building will be op- 5.1.3. Design Technical Commissioning
erated, types of tenants, maintenance requirements, Team Members
indoor air quality objectives, budgetary issues and The Technical Commissioning Team should be com-
other objectives of the Owner. The objectives are de- prised of the Owner/Owners representative, and
fined by their performance criteria. Objectives may the CA. Additionally, if the design professionals,
include flexibility of space arrangements or occupan- Construction Manager/General Contractor, Program
cy, environmental conditions, etc. Manager, or specialty trade contractors are known at
the time, a representative from those entities should
The Owner and the project programming team de- also be included at appropriate times.
fine and develop the Owners Project Requirements
(OPR). Sophisticated building owners may be able to The team members may change throughout the
easily provide their OPR to the Technical Commis- Technical Commissioning Process, however, the
sioning Authority (CA). The CA must be capable of entities and the organizational structure remains
providing technical review and expertise to assist and the same during all phases of project and the
12 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

associated Technical Commissioning Phases. For h. Create Technical Commissioning specifications


example, during the Design Phase, the Owner i. Define Owner training requirements
may be represented by the actual building owner j. Define System Manual requirements
or representative. During the Construction Phase k. Schedule Design Phase Cx Activities
Functional Performance testing the Owner may be
represented by the building maintenance personnel. 5.2.1. OPR Definition and Development
The Owner is ultimately responsible for creating the
5.1.4. Design Technical Commissioning
OPR while the CA documents and assists as needed
Team Responsibilities
in the creation of the OPR. The ability to determine
The Owner defines and develops the OPR. The CA the success or failure of the Technical Commissioning
may need to assist the Owner in developing the OPR. efforts in a project can be directly related to the
The Commissioning Team, the Owner and the CA, accurate definition of the OPR. Development of
are responsible for working in unison to completely an accurate OPR is the singular most important
define the OPR. The CA is responsible for developing aspect in the Technical Commissioning effort. The
the Preliminary Technical Commissioning Plan and is development and definition of accurately stated
responsible for documenting commissioning-related requirements helps provide a successful project.
communications among the Commissioning Team
members.
Updating the OPR during Design Phase is usually
performed by the Owner to incorporate any approved
5.1.5. Technical Commissioning Authority changes that may have been incorporated in the
(CA) Responsibility
project.
Technical Commissioning is a technical process that
works most effectively when done in a cooperative 5.2.2. Design Phase Technical
team atmosphere. The CA generally has the prima- Commissioning Plan
ry responsibility to foster a sense of cooperation and
Section 5.1.2 provides an overview of the elements
focus on a common outcome. The CA is responsible
to ensure all communications between design team of the Technical Commissioning Plan. It is the
members is a two-way process by creating effective benchmark used to identify the various activities
methods to deliver comments, and soliciting and within each Phase of the project. It also identifies the
documenting responses from design team members. roles and responsibilities of all the Commissioning
Team members during each of the project Phases.
The CA is responsible for preparing the Technical
5.2. Design Phase Activities Commissioning Plan.
These activities are required to be documented and
reported during the Design Phase: 5.2.3. Design Phase Issues Log
The CA is responsible for creating the Issues Log
a. Owners Project Requirements (OPR) is
during the Design Phase of the project. The Issue
developed and reviewed
Log records all identified Technical Commissioning
b. Create Design Phase Technical
related issues by number and the responses, dates
Commissioning Plan
and authors of each issue and response.
c. Create Design Phase Issues Log
d. Facilitate the design kick-off meeting
e. Design phase Technical Commissioning
5.2.4. Design Phase Kick-off Meeting
meetings The CA conducts the Kick-off Meeting with the design
f. Basis of Design (BOD) review team and the Owner. The purpose of the meeting is
g. Design Reviews to establish the purpose and proposed process for
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 13

Technical Commissioning the design and to review ed and why they were chosen. It should also include
the Design Phase Technical Commissioning Plan. reasons other systems, equipment, and components
were considered and rejected. Acceptance of the
a. Create the agenda items in the Design Narrative should be the consen-
b. Attend and lead the meeting sus of both the Owner and the design professionals.
c. Review the Design Phase Technical It is the responsibility of the CA to document this
Commissioning Plan with the Team Members agreement. The Design Narrative documents the
d. Review the various Technical Commissioning design professionals process and decisions made at
activities and schedules for the design phase the early stages of the project. The narrative serves
e. Review documentation requirements as a Scope of Work for the design team in creating
f. Review communication and reporting the Design Development documents.
procedures for the design issue log
g. Prepare and distribute meeting minutes The Design Criteria is a listing of the project design
parameters, including its source, and how it meets
5.2.5. Technical Commissioning Meetings the OPR during the design of the project. The criteria
The CA is responsible to conduct, record, and dis- may include but not limited to:
tribute the minutes for all Technical Commissioning
meetings for each project. The meetings are de- a. Project location, special site requirements,
signed in an organized manner with a logical pro- and environmental criteria
gression throughout the project. b. Design parameters and conditions
c. Design assumptions and limitations
a. Create the agenda d. Accepted safety factors to be used
b. Attend and lead the meeting e. Accepted levels of redundancy
c. Review the Technical Commissioning Plan f. Code review requirements, applicable standards,
with the team members and other governmental agency regulations
d. Review the various Technical Commissioning
activities and schedules These Design Criteria are used to produce the engi-
e. Review documentation requirements neering calculations and Contract Documents.
f. Review communication and reporting
procedures 5.2.7. Design Reviews
g. Prepare and distribute meeting minutes The CA is required to evaluate the contract docu-
ments at least once near 100% Construction Doc-
5.2.6. BOD Design Team Review ument level. The frequency of evaluation is as spec-
The design professionals are responsible for pre- ified in the contract documents between the Owner
paring the BOD. The BOD has two components; the and the NEBB BSC Certified Firm and may be at the
Design Narrative and the Design Criteria. The CA as- 35%, 65% and 95% levels.
sists with the design team in documenting the Basis
of Design created by the design team meets the re- The purpose for the CA to review the design is to
quirements of the OPR. evaluate the design for conformance to the OPR and
verify the components, systems and assemblies in
The Design Narrative is a written description identify- the design, directly relate to the testability, accessi-
ing the assumptions made by the design profession- bility, maintainability, efficient operation and industry
als in interpreting the OPR and the proposed design accepted best practices. Design Phase Technical Com-
solutions implemented to satisfy the requirements of missioning is the process of comparing each element
the OPR. The narrative should include a description of the design to the Owners Project Requirements
of the systems, equipment, and components select- (OPR). The NEBB Design Phase Technical Commis-
14 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

sioning Process is not intended to be a peer review sonnel is in accordance with industry best practice,
of the design professionals work or responsibilities. and ensure complete training occurs. The CA needs
These remain the responsibility of the design profes- to verify the training requirements are incorporated
sional and the design team. Design Phase Technical into the final Contract Documents, and include these
Commissioning consists of: training requirements into the Technical Commis-
sioning Plan.
a. Assisting the design team ensuring the Ba-
sis of Design meets the requirements of the 5.2.10. Define Systems Manual
Owners Project Requirements Requirements
b. Reviewing design development documents for
During the Design Phase, the CA, Owner, and the
Commissionability, maintainability, function-
design team determine which documents make up
ality and best practices
the Systems Manual. With minor variations depend-
1. Systems review. The CA reviews each
ing on project requirements, a Final Systems Manual
system.
typically includes.
2. Component review. The CA reviews
each component.
Final Approved Submittals and Shop Drawings
c. Verifying the proposed system can be tested
in a manner providing both valid repeatable
a. Final OPR
tests and manageable baseline data for the
b. Final BOD
operators of the systems
c. Final Contract Documents
d. The CA maintains a design phase
d. Record Drawings (As-Built)
commissioning issue log
e. Final O&M Manuals
e. Design Phase Technical Commissioning
f. Final Technical Commissioning Report
report.
g. Operator Training Materials
h. Recommended Standard Operating
5.2.8. Technical Commissioning Procedures (SOP)
Specifications i. Testing Reports
The CA should assist the design professionals in pre-
paring the commissioning specifications for the con- 5.2.11. Technical Commissioning
tract documents. It is recommended the CA evaluate Activities Scheduled
the contract documents to verify the proper contrac-
The CA is to verify Technical Commissioning activi-
tual obligations related to the Construction Phase and
ties are incorporated into the Design Phase schedule.
the Post-Occupancy Phase Commissioning have been
defined for all applicable project bid sections. The CA
verifies the Technical Commissioning Scope of Work 5.3. Design Phase Deliverables
for the contractors, vendors, specialty subcontractors, Documentation requirements prior to the Design
etc. is defined so contractors and vendors can quantify Phase include:
the Technical Commissioning requirements and their
associated costs. The CA is to also verify the docu- a. Phase summary contains:
ments clearly define the type and method of testing 1. List of Phase deliverables to Owner
and define the criteria used to determine compliance 2. Summary of each document included in
and acceptance.
deliverable
3. Unresolved issues from issues log
5.2.9. Define Owner Training Requirements 4. Potential impacts of unresolved issues
The team of CA, Owner and the design professionals 5. Signature line for Owner acceptance
define the training requirements for the Owners per-
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 15

b. Each of these documents must contain: date c. Verify the Pre-Functional Tests (PFT) are
of document, project name, summary of performed and documented
content. d. Perform Functional Performance Tests (FPT)
1. The Contract Documents including the
Technical Commissioning requirements 5.5.1. Technical Commissioning Team
for construction Members
2. Document review comments
During the Construction Phase, the Commissioning
3. The updated OPR
Team should be comprised of the Owner/Owners
4. The updated Issues Log with noted
representative; various design professionals, the Gen-
corrections
eral Contractor, the Construction Manager, Program
5. The updated Technical Commissioning
Manager, specialty trade contractors, and the CA.
Plan
6. The updated BOD from the design
5.5.2. Technical Commissioning Team
professionals
Members Responsibilities
7. The Design Phase Technical
Commissioning Report The Commissioning Team is responsible for verifying
the operating systems, components, and equipment
is installed properly so the equipment meets the OPR.
5.4. Pre-Bid Meeting
The CA may be required to attend and participate 5.5.3. Technical Commissioning
in the Pre-Bid meeting to fully explain the Technical Authority (CA)
Commissioning requirements of the Contract Doc-
The Technical Commissioning Process works most
uments. This is a valuable activity when contractors
effectively when implemented using a cooperative
are not familiar with the Technical Commissioning
team approach this cooperative effort is even more
Process. This is an important meeting that helps the
important during the Construction Phase. The CA
subcontractors better understand the level of involve-
generally has the primary responsibility to foster this
ment in the Technical Commissioning Process. When
sense of cooperation and focus on a common out-
contractors understand their involvement in the Tech-
come. Further, the CA and Owner are responsible for
nical Commissioning Process it helps them to avoid
championing the Technical Commissioning Process
over or underestimating the cost of subcontractor in-
among the Commissioning Team members to en-
volvement in the Technical Commissioning Process.
sure conformance to the OPR.

CONSTRUCTION PHASE TECHNICAL 5.5.4. Test Procedures


COMMISSIONING Pre-Functional Testing (PFT) and Functional Per-
formance Testing (FPT) are performed during the
5.5. Construction Phase Construction Phase. The responsibility for creating,
Requirements administering, performing, and observing the various
activities of the tests are outlined in the Technical
The building shell is erected and the systems, compo-
Commissioning Plan. Certain technical Pre-Func-
nents, and equipment are installed in the Construc-
tional tests may be performed by different members
tion Phase. The main focus of the Technical Commis-
of the Commissioning Team.
sioning efforts during the Construction Phase is:

a. Conduct the Kick-off meeting and all other


5.5.5. Testing Evaluation
Commissioning Meetings The CA verifies the proposed components, systems,
b. Perform Site Observations (SO) and assemblies can be tested in a manner providing
16 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

valid repeatable tests and manageable baseline data b. Attends and lead the meeting
for the operators of the systems. The CA is respon- c. Reviews the Technical Commissioning Plan
sible for creating the testing plans and forms for all with the team members
Pre-Functional Tests. The use of factory start-up forms d. Reviews the various Technical Commissioning
from the manufacturer is acceptable. The CA creates activities and schedules
all Functional Performance Tests. Pre-Functional Tests e. Reviews documentation requirements
include installation verification and start-up tests. f. Reviews communication and reporting
Functional Performance Tests are used to verify the procedures
appropriate sequential performance of automated g. Prepares and distributes meeting minutes
system and the stability of these sequences under
normal, upset and transitional conditions. 5.6.2. Technical Commissioning Meetings
The CA conducts periodic commissioning review
5.6. Construction Phase Activities meetings throughout the Construction Phase to
monitor the progress of the Technical Commission-
These activities are required during the Construction
ing activities. The CA:
Phase:
a. Creates the agenda
a. Conduct Commissioning Kick Off Meeting
b. Attends and leads the meeting
b. Conduct Construction Commissioning c. Schedules and reviews the Technical
meetings Commissioning activities
c. Create commissioning duration schedules d. Coordinates with construction meetings and
d. Perform submittal and shop drawing review activities
e. Perform site observations for all systems and e. Prepares and distributes meeting minutes
equipment
f. Create pre-functional equipment installation 5.6.3. Technical Commissioning Activities
check sheets Scheduled
g. Perform pre-functional equipment check
sheets The CA verifies Technical Commissioning activities
h. Create pre-functional equipment startup are incorporated into the Construction schedule
check sheets managed by the general contractor.
i. Perform pre-functional equipment Start Up
j. Observe and document static tests 5.6.4. Approved Submittal and Shop
k. Create and perform Functional Performance Drawings Review
Tests (FPT) Submittals and shop drawings are documents pro-
l. Accept functional tests vided by the contractors and vendors during the
m. Review O&M manuals Construction Phase of a project. The submittals and
n. Verify Owner Training shop drawings are reviewed by the responsible de-
o. Create final Technical Commissioning report sign professionals and the CA. The CA is responsible
for verifying the submittals conform to the OPR.
5.6.1. Technical Commissioning Kick-off
Meeting 5.6.5. Site Observation Inspections
The kick-off meeting should be the first meeting con- Site observations are routine inspections performed
ducted with all members of the Construction Phase by the CA during the Construction Phase. The pur-
Technical Commissioning Team. The CA: pose of the inspections is to verify the construction
complies with the Contract Documents and the OPR.
a. Creates the agenda Inspections also identify and document any quality
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 17

issues leading to functional issues. Site observations c. Administer, observe and/or perform all start-
are forwarded to the appropriate team member for up PFT
their review and corrective action. Any site observa- d. Report deficiencies on the Issues Log
tion issues are added to the Issues Log for resolution. e. Distribute Issues Log to members of the Com-
missioning Team and manage the issue log for
5.6.6. Pre-Functional Installation Tests issue resolution
The responsibility for creating, administering, per-
forming, and observing the various activities during
5.6.8. Static Tests
the Pre-Functional Tests are outlined in the Technical Static tests are performed by the contractors and
Commissioning Plan and can be performed by dif- the first test is observed by the CA. Additional tests
ferent members of the Commissioning Team. The are verified by commissioning team members as
party responsible for performing each task is defined outlined in the Cx Plan. Code required tests that are
in the Contract Documents and the Technical Com- observed and verified by the code authority are not
missioning Plan. required to be observed by the CA. Typical static
tests are:
These activities are performed by the Commis-
sioning team as part of the Construction Phase a. Duct Pressure Tests
Commissioning: b. Pipe Pressure Tests
c. Pipe Flushing Tests
a. Create and review installation PFT test forms d. Chlorination Tests
b. Review installation verification requirements e. Bolted Connection Torque and Resistive Tests
with members of the Commissioning Team
c. Administer, observe and/or perform all PFT 5.6.9. Functional Performance Tests
d. Report deficiencies on the Issues Log
Functional Performance Tests (FPT) verifies the ap-
e. Distribute Issues Log to members of the Com-
propriate sequential performance of automated sys-
missioning Team and manage the issue log for
tems and the stability of these sequences under nor-
issue resolution
mal, upset and transitional conditions. FPTs are used
to verify the building systems are functional.
5.6.7. Pre-Functional Start Up Tests
The responsibility for creating, administering, per- As previously stated the responsibility for creating,
forming, and observing the various startup activities administering, performing, and observing the var-
during the construction phase are outlined in the ious activities during the Functional Performance
Technical Commissioning Plan and can be performed Tests are as outlined in the Technical Commissioning
by different members of the Commissioning Team. Plan and can be performed by different members of
The party responsible for performing each task is de- the Commissioning Team. These activities are per-
fined in the Contract Documents and the Technical formed by the CA as part of Construction Phase
Commissioning Plan. Commissioning:

These activities are performed by the Commis- a. Create and develop test forms and require-
sioning team as part of the Construction Phase ments that appropriately test the automated
Commissioning: sequence
b. Review and verify data measurements
a. Create and review startup PFT test forms c. Administer, observe, and/or perform all FPT
b. Review startup verification requirements with d. Report deficiencies on the Issues Log
members of the Commissioning Team
18 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Distribute Issues Log to members of the Commis- tor training and instruction for start-up, shut-down,
sioning Team and manage the issue log for issue operation, and maintenance information. These doc-
resolution uments are be reviewed by the CA, the Owner and
his operating personnel prior to the Owner training
5.6.10. Issues Log and Deficiency sessions as they form an integral component of the
Resolution training sessions.
The CA is responsible for reporting deficiencies on
the Issues Log and distributing the logs to the ap- 5.6.12. Owner Training Completion
propriate members of the Commissioning Team for The Owner, and/or his personnel, are thoroughly
resolution. The CA is responsible for working with trained in the operation, maintenance, and func-
the appropriate Commissioning Team members to tion of the project, its equipment, systems, and
ensure the issues are completely understood and components.
the responsibilities for corrective action are com-
pletely understood. The Owner must verify that all The CA is responsible for reviewing training agendas
Issue Log open items are resolved. After corrective and training sessions with the instructors.
action, retests are performed to verify conformance
in accordance with the Technical Commissioning a. The CA is responsible for reviewing train-
Plan. All Issue Log items must be resolved and an- ing agendas and training sessions with the
swered or accepted by the appropriate Commis- trainers.
sioning Team member. Issues not resolved in a b. The CA may assist the Owner with staff
manner consistent with the OPR must be approved selection.
by the Owner. If issues remain unresolved at the c. The design professionals are responsible for
end of the project for any reason a certified report training the Owner on relevant design ap-
can only be issued if the CA has attempted to ob- proaches incorporated in the design, especial-
tain resolution a minimum of three times and has ly design issues relating directly to operating
documented those attempts. An explanation and and maintaining the facility.
clarification of any unresolved issues must be in- d. The contractors are responsible for training
cluded in the Final Technical Commissioning Report the Owner on relevant means, methods and
Executive Summary. construction techniques incorporated into the
construction of the project impacting the abil-
5.6.11. Record Documents and Operations ity to operate and maintain the facility.
and Maintenance Information e. Equipment vendors are responsible for train-
The Owner, and/or his personnel, is thoroughly ing the Owner on proper start-up/shut-down
trained in the operation, maintenance, and function procedures of operating equipment and sys-
of the project, its equipment, systems, and compo- tems. The training sessions should cover nor-
nents. In order to accomplish this activity, the con- mal operational features and routine main-
tractors, and as outlined in the construction docu- tenance requirements of the major items of
ments are responsible to provide Record Documents operating equipment, systems, and compo-
(As-Built Drawings) and Operations & Maintenance nents. The sessions should be tailored to the
Manuals (O&Ms) as contractually required. These exact equipment, systems and components
materials are normally reviewed by the appropriate incorporated into the project and not just a
design professionals before being sent to the Owner. generalized session on atypical maintenance
The CA is responsible for evaluating the materials ap- items.
proved by the design professional prior to being sent f. The CA verifies and documents the training
to the Owner. The CA evaluates the completeness sessions have been performed.
of the documentation from the standpoint of opera-
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 19

5.6.13. Updating the Technical processes of the facility. The Systems Manual should
Commissioning Plan, the OPR and be provided to the Owner in electronic format. The
the BOD final system manual should include these baseline
requirements and be provided in digital format:
The Owner updates the OPR during Post-Occupan-
cy Phase to incorporate any approved changes due
a. Summary
to changes, additions, deletions, or other modifi-
b. Final Approved Submittals and Shop Drawings
cations. If any issues are design related, the design
c. Final OPR
professionals should update the BOD. The Technical
d. Final BOD
Commissioning Plan is updated and further defined
e. Final Contract Documents (Record Drawings/
to reflect any changes to the OPR, BOD or Contract
As-Built)
Documents.
f. Final Operating and Maintenance Manuals
g. Final Technical Commissioning Report
5.6.14. Final Technical Commissioning h. Operator Training materials
Report i. Recommended Standard Operating
The Final Technical Commissioning Report contains Procedures
all documentation from all of the Phases of the Tech- j. Testing Reports
nical Commissioning Process. The CA is responsible
for assembling the data into a Final Technical Com- 5.6.16. Construction Phase Completion
missioning Report. The final report incorporates the Construction Phase Technical Commissioning is
final record documents for each system. A Transmit- complete when all construction FPTs are complete,
tal cover page with signature line indicating accep- all issue log items are resolved and the Technical
tance is received from Owner after review of final Commissioning report is complete.
report.

The Technical Commissioning Report includes: 5.7. Construction Phase


Deliverables
a. Title Page
Documentation requirements prior to the Construc-
b. Certification Page
tion Phase include:
c. Table of Contents
a. Phase summary contains:
d. Executive Summary
1. List of Phase deliverables to Owner
e. Technical Commissioning Plan
2. Summary of each document included in
f. Completed Pre-Functional Technical
deliverable
Commissioning Check Sheets and Forms
3. Unresolved issues from issues log
g. Verification Data
4. Potential impacts of unresolved issues
h. Completed Functional Performance Tests
5. Signature line for Owner acceptance
i. Observation Reports
j. Issues Log
b. Each of these documents must contain: date
k. All pertinent correspondence
of document, project name, summary of
l. Test Instrument Page
content.
1. The updated OPR
5.6.15. Systems Manual 2. Site Inspection reports
The purpose of the Systems Manual is to provide the 3. The updated Issues Log with noted
Owner and building operators with a permanent re- corrections
cord of all pertinent documents required for future 4. The updated Technical Commissioning
operation, Technical Commissioning and validation Plan
20 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

5. All PFT reports 5.8.3. Technical Commissioning


6. All FPT reports Authority (CA)
7. Training Verification
The Technical Commissioning Process works most
8. The Construction Phase Technical
effectively when done in a cooperative team at-
Commissioning Report
mosphere. The CA and Owner generally have the
9. The Systems Manual
primary responsibility to foster this sense of coop-
eration and focus on a common outcome. The CA
POST OCCUPANCY PHASE TECHNICAL and the Owner are responsible for championing the
COMMISSIONING Technical Commissioning Process among the Com-
missioning Team members to ensure conformance
5.8. Post Occupancy Phase to the OPR.
Requirements
5.9. Post-Occupancy Phase
The OPR was identified in the Design Phase, and
the CA has verified the design professionals have Activities
incorporated the OPR into the Contract Documents. These activities are required during the Post-Occu-
During the Construction Phase, the building shell pancy Phase:
was erected and the systems, components, and
equipment installed. Pre-Functional tests, Function- a. Technical Commissioning Schedule
al Performance Tests were performed to show con- b. Deferred Testing
struction meets the contract requirements. c. Lessons learned workshop
d. Create performance verification system
During the Post-Occupancy Phase, the building sys- e. Create Warranty Issue Log
tems are complete and fully functional. The main f. Perform and document performance
focus of the Technical Commissioning efforts during verification tests (PVT)
the Post-Occupancy Phase is to: g. Optimize system performance
h. Issue Resolution
a. Verify the building is functionally complete and i. Create post-occupancy Technical
all open issue log items have been addressed. Commissioning report
b. Coordinate the continued Owners Personnel
Training 5.9.1. Technical Commissioning Schedules
c. Create and Perform deferred FPTs
The CA should continue to monitor and update the
Technical Commissioning schedules for the contrac-
5.8.1. Commissioning Team Members
tors for the Technical Commissioning activities in the
During the Post-Occupancy Phase, the Commis- Post-Occupancy Phase as required by the Technical
sioning Team may be comprised of the Owners Commissioning Plan. These schedules should track
representative; various design professionals, the all Technical Commissioning activities of the Techni-
Construction Manager, General Contractor, Program cal Commissioning Team.
Manager, specialty trade contractors, and the CA.
5.9.2. Deferred Tests
5.8.2. Commissioning Team Responsibilities If any PFT or FPT tests were deferred during the
The Commissioning Team is responsible to verify the construction phase they are performed now in the
testing of the installed and operating systems, com- post occupancy phase. Tests may be deferred due to
ponents, and equipment meets the OPR. schedule issues, seasonal issues or project phasing
issues. The CA creates all PFTs and FPTs and has
Section 5. The Technical Commissioning Process 21

the final responsibility of verifying the commissioned Process to discover, analyze and correct any issues
systems, equipment and components are functional. that are found that prevent systems from operating
at their optimum condition. The cyclical nature of the
5.9.3. Lessons Learned Workshop PVT system of measuring, correcting and re-mea-
suring performance is intended to keep the system
It is recommended the NEBB BSC CP performs a Les-
performance from deteriorating over time.
sons Learned workshop with the Owner, designers
and/or construction team members. The purpose of
the Lessons Learned workshop is to determine how
5.9.8. Issue Resolution
to improve the design, construction and Technical All Issue Log items must be resolved and answered
Commissioning Processes for future projects. or accepted by the appropriate Commissioning Team
member. Issues not resolved in a manner consistent
5.9.4. Create Performance Verification with the OPR must be approved by the Owner.
System
5.9.9. Post Occupancy Cx Report
It is recommended the NEBB BSC CP assist the own-
ers operators in setting up a performance verifica- The CA shall produce either a Post Technical Com-
tion system that will allow the operators to validate missioning Phase report or an addendum to the final
the performance of the building over time. This sys- Technical Commissioning report for the Post Techni-
tem will track energy usage performance and water cal Commissioning Phase. A Transmittal cover page
usage performance and may track building IEQ per- with signature line indicating acceptance is received
formance if included in the SOW. from Owner after review of final report. The Post Oc-
cupancy phase report contains:
5.9.5. Create Warranty Issue Log
a. Deferred testing reports
Normally at the 10 month of the warranty period
b. Warranty Issue Log
the CA creates a warranty issue log that captures
c. Documentation of Performance Verification
any warranty issues the operators have discovered
System
since the building was completed. These outstand- d. PVT test reports and documentation
ing warranty issues are provided to the contractor for
resolution. 5.9.10. Post-Occupancy Phase
Completion
5.9.6. Performance Verification
Testing (PVT) Post-Occupancy Phase Technical Commissioning is
complete when performance testing is complete and
Performance verification testing should be per- the post phase Technical Commissioning report is
formed in the Post-Occupancy Phase. Performance complete and accepted.
verification tests are designed to prove performance
of the systems. Performance is proved when the sys-
tems perform to their design intent at their predicted
5.10. Post-Occupancy Phase
level of utility usage. The CA verifies and documents Deliverables
the tests are performed by the appropriate member
Documentation requirements include:
of the Commissioning Team.
a. Deferred testing reports
5.9.7. System Optimization b. Warrant Issue Log
As a part of the performance verification system the c. Performance Verification System
Cx team optimizes the performance of each system d. PVT Test Documentation
by utilizing the basic Retro Technical Commissioning e. Post Occupancy Phase Report
22 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 6. the building envelope requirements of the project.


The OPR includes these items relating to the HVAC
TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING systems:

OF HVAC SYSTEMS a. Use and space requirements


b. Anticipated occupancy
c. Mechanical construction budget
INTRODUCTION d. Indoor and outdoor building environmental
requirements
Section 6 describes the requirements for Technical e. Special systems or equipment requirements
Commissioning a projects HVAC systems, equip- affecting cooling and heating loads, ventilation
ment and components. While Section 5 details the requirements, etc.
elements of the Technical Commissioning Process f. Specific material or equipment requirements
in global terms, this section details the baseline re- g. Energy efficiency expectations
quirements for a NEBB Certified HVAC Technical h. Sustainability requirements
Commissioning project. The actual scope of work i. Measurement and verification strategies
may differ from these requirements. A NEBB Certi- j. Ongoing Technical Commissioning and
fied Report must include: building rating requirements
k. Levels of redundancy
a. The contracted scope of work is required to be l. Building automation/controls sophistication
clearly defined on the certification page of the m. Vibration, sound, seismic or wind restraint
report as specified in the contract documents requirements
or as agreed between the Owner/Buyer and n. Operation and maintenance criteria
the NEBB BSC Certified Firm. o. Owners expectations for operator and
occupant training
b. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB p. Requirements for future facility adaptation
Procedural Standards it is clearly delineat- and expansion
ed on the certification page of the report. All q. Owners expectations of the design team and
contracted work must meet these Procedural their produced documents
Standards to be a NEBB Certified Report. (See r. Owners expectations of the construction
Section 2) team and their document requirements
s. Owners expectations of the Commissioning
6.1. Design Phase Commissioning Authority and their document requirements

The design phase for Technical Commissioning of The CA evaluates the BOD for conformance to the
HVAC system follows the same process as described OPR from the standpoint of testability, accessibility,
in section 5 of this standard. The following specific maintainability and efficient operation.
procedures are specifically for HVAC systems:

6.1.1. Owners Project Requirements 6.2. Construction Phase


Definition and Development Commissioning
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- The construction phase for Technical Commission-
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of ing of HVAC system follows the same process as
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CA. The described in section 5 of this standard. The follow-
NEBB CA documents the creation of the OPR. The ing specific procedures are specifically for HVAC
OPR outlines the expectations the Owner has for systems:
Section 6. Technical Commissioning of HVAC Systems 23

6.2.1. Construction Phase Activities b. All duct systems and component


installations
These specific activities are required during the
c. All HVAC equipment installation
HVAC Construction Phase in addition to those gen-
d. All building automation/control equipment
eral activities listed in section 5:
and component installation by verifying point
to point checks
a. Create HVAC PFT equipment installation
check sheets 6.2.3. Control System Installation
b. Perform HVAC PFT equipment installation Verification Tests (PFT)
verification
c. Create Controls PFT installation check sheets The contractor must verify all work is installed in ac-
d. Perform Controls PFT installation verification cordance with the contract documents and/or the
e. Observe and document HVAC static tests manufacturers recommendations and provide the
f. Create HVAC PFT startup check sheets associated check sheets verifying such. The contrac-
tor must document all equipment is installed in the
g. Perform HVAC PFT startup
correct location and is operable in accordance with
h. Create Controls PFT point-to-point system
the contract documents. The CA may perform the in-
startup check sheets
stallation inspections at his discretion. The CA or his
i. Perform Controls PFT point-to-point system
staff verifies the Installation Verification check sheets
Start Up
completed by the contractor by back checking them
j. Perform TAB verification tests
through site observations. Completion of all installa-
k. Create and perform HVAC Functional
tion verification tests signifies those systems are ready
Performance Tests (FPT)
for startup activities. Examples of these tests include:
l. Accept functional tests
m. Create final Technical Commissioning report
e. All control raceway and cable
f. Controllers and Control device installation
6.2.2. HVAC Installation Verification g. All I/O wiring terminations
Tests (PFT)
The contractor must verify all work is installed in ac- 6.2.4. Static Tests
cordance with the contract documents and/or the The contractor must perform hydrostatic and pres-
manufacturers recommendations and provide the sure tests as described in the Contract Documents.
associated check sheets verifying such. The contrac- All hydrostatic and pressure tests must be verified by
tor must document all equipment is installed in the contractor or code Authority Having Jurisdiction as
correct location and is operable in accordance with required by the Contract Documents or as dictated
the contract documents. The CA is required to pro- by the local codes. The CA Firm is required to wit-
vide the installation verification check sheets if not ness the first static test for each system. Completed
available from the manufacturers or contractors. The static test sheets are then provided to the CA. Exam-
CA may perform the installation inspections at his ples of these tests include:
discretion. The CA or his staff verifies the Installation
Verification check sheets completed by the contrac- a. Hydrostatic testing of all piping systems to the
tor by back checking them through site observations. appropriate test pressure and duration
Completion of all installation verification tests signi- b. Pipe flushing and cleaning
fies those systems are ready for startup activities. c. Pressure testing of all ducts for leakage
Examples of these tests include: determination

a. All piping systems and component


installations
24 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

6.2.5. HVAC Equipment Startup Tests b. Calibration of all sensors with offsets
documented
The contractor or vendor who has contractual obli-
c. Ranging of all output actuators is verified and
gation to provide startup services performs the start
documented
up the systems and equipment in accordance with
the Contract Documents and the manufacturers
6.2.7. Testing, Adjusting And Balancing
requirements. Completed startup check sheets are
Report Verification
then provided to the CA. The CA firm is required to
document these startup tests. At a minimum startup The CA is required to verify the completeness and
tests are required to include but not limited to: accuracy of the final Testing, Adjusting and Balanc-
ing Report. This verification includes repeatable ob-
a. Manufacturers Name servations of selected TAB readings. The CA picks
b. Model Number readings at random to be repeated. If these tests
c. Type and Size do not show repeatability to the TAB report within
d. Serial Number specified balance tolerances, discrepancies are doc-
e. Actual Settings or Adjustments umented on the issues log. Rebalancing of the sys-
f. Actual Electrical Characteristics tem would be recommended at this time for system
g. Actual load balance to be acceptable. The CA determines the ex-
h. Operating data as required by the manufacturer tent and quantity of repeatability tests to prove the
integrity of the balance efforts.
6.2.6. Control System Startup Tests
Acceptable tolerances are defined in the Technical
The contractor or vendor who has contractual obli- Commissioning Plan. Typical repeatability checks:
gation to provide startup services performs the start
up the systems and equipment in accordance with a. OSA flow and building pressurization
the Contract Documents and the manufacturers b. Terminal unit calibration
requirements. Completed startup check sheets are c. Exhaust system flow verification
then provided to the CA. The CA firm is required to d. AHU readings verification
document these startup tests. At a minimum startup e. CW & HW Pump flow verification
tests are required to include but not limited to: f. Cooling tower balanced flow verification

a. Verification of controller program is complete 6.2.8. Functional Performance Tests (FPT)


b. Verification of LAN communication
c. Verification of graphic plate completion Functional Performance Tests are designed by the
d. Verification of contractors point-to-point test CA and performed by the Commissioning Team. The
CA is required to observe and facilitate all FPTs. The
The CA is required to perform a separate Technical exact systems to be functionally tested are detailed
Commissioning 100% point-to-point test without in the projects scope of work.
any sampling strategies with the contractor. For the
Technical Commissioning point-to-point test the CA 6.2.9. Create Final Technical
shall provide and perform the check sheet with as- Commissioning Report
sistance from the contractor. This point-to-point test Based on the accumulated Technical Commissioning
shall include: work completed as described above, the CA assem-
bles the data into a final Technical Commissioning
a. Point test from graphic to end device to prove Report. The final report incorporates the final record
device is connected correctly and with the documents for each system, as appropriate.
correct polarity
Section 6. Technical Commissioning of HVAC Systems 25

6.3. Post Occupancy Phase


Commissioning
The post occupancy phase for Technical Commis-
sioning of HVAC system follows the same process
as described in section 5 of this standard. The CA
is required to conduct a site inspection within one
calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase com-
missioning. The following specific procedures are
specifically for HVAC systems:

6.3.1. Post-Occupancy Performance


Verification Testing
The CA is required to perform Performance Verifi-
cation testing and review with the facility staff on
the performance of the systems. The CA must eval-
uate if the systems are performing to the end users
expectations.

During the Post-Occupancy Phase the following ap-


ply if specified in the contract:

a. Deferred testing - any test unable to be per-


formed during the Construction Phase
b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
testing during specific seasonal conditions
c. Post-occupancy performance verification
testing - would be the review of all the
commissioned and tested systems to verify
performance after occupant has used the
facility for a specific amount of time

The CA is also required to document and report on


the performance verification tests, the final results
and any issues found.
26 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 7. a. Use and space requirements


b. Anticipated occupancy
TECHNICAL COMMISSIONING c. Building Envelope construction budget
d. Building Envelope codes or standards to be
OF BUILDING ENVELOPE utilized
e. Special systems or equipment requirements
affecting building envelope calculations and
INTRODUCTION loads
f. Specific material or equipment requirements
Section 7 describes the requirements for Techni- g. Energy efficiency expectations
cal Commissioning a projects Building Envelope. h. Sustainability requirements
While Section 5 details the elements of the Tech- i. Ongoing Technical Commissioning and
nical Commissioning Process in global terms, this Building Rating Requirements
section details the baseline requirements for a j. Feature Automation and Controls
NEBB Certified Building Envelope Technical Com- sophistication
missioning project. The actual scope of work may k. Vibration, sound and/or seismic requirements
differ from these requirements. A NEBB Certified l. Operation and maintenance criteria
Report includes: m. Owners expectations for operator and
occupant training
1. The actual contracted scope of work is re- n. Requirements for future facility adaptation
quired to be clearly defined on the certification and expansion
page of the report. o. Owners expectations of the design team and
2. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB their produced documents
Procedural Standards it is clearly delineat- p. Owners expectations of the construction
ed on the certification page of the report. All team and their document requirements
contracted work must meet these Procedural q. Owners expectations of the Technical
Standards to be a NEBB Certified Report. See Commissioning Authority and their
Section 2. document requirements

7.1. Design Phase Commissioning 7.2. Construction Phase


The design phase for Technical Commissioning of Commissioning
Building Envelope system follows the same process
The Commissioning Team verifies the equipment
as described in Section 5 of this standard. The fol-
and the systems are installed, in accordance with the
lowing specific procedures are specifically for Build-
design documents, are operable, maintainable and
ing Envelope systems:
ready for functional testing during the Construction
Phase. When this is complete, the Commissioning
7.1.1. OPR Definition and Development Team verifies the functionality of all systems, equip-
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- ment, systems and components. The Commissioning
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of Team verifies all systems are functioning in a manner
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CA. The conforming to the OPR. The Commissioning Team
NEBB CA documents the creation of the OPR. The also coordinates the Owners Personnel Training.
OPR outlines the expectations the Owner has for the
building envelope requirements of the project. The The Owner must update the OPR and the design
OPR includes items related to the Building Envelope professionals must update the BOD during Con-
intended use and function. struction Phase to incorporate any approved enve-
Section 7. Technical Commissioning of Building Envelope 27

lope changes that may have developed. The CA up- a. Whole building pressure tests
dates the Technical Commissioning Plan to include b. Room or component pressure tests
any changes to: c. Rain Intrusion component test
d. Field thermal conductance component test
a. Commissioning Team members e. Field vapor transmittance component test
b. Their responsibilities f. Moisture test
c. Contact information g. Blast resistance or other extraordinary events
d. Procedures testing
e. Schedules
f. Changes to the commissioning requirements 7.2.4. Building Enclosure Special Systems
due to changes during the Construction Phase Startup Tests (If Applicable)
The contractor or vendor who has contractual ob-
7.2.1. Pre-Functional Tests (PFT) ligation to provide startup services creates startup
There are several types of Building Enclosure PFTs check sheets, and starts up the systems and equip-
during the Construction Phase including installation ment in accordance with the Contract Documents
verification tests, thermal scans, and special systems and the manufacturers requirements. The CA firm
startup tests. Some typical Building Enclosure spe- is required to document these startup tests.
cial systems are:
7.2.5. Functional Performance Tests (FPT)
a. Automated doors Functional Performance Tests are designed by the
b. Building pressure tests CA and performed by the Commissioning Team. The
c. Automated windows CA observes and facilitates the FPT. The FPT tests
d. Automated blinds and shades include:
e. Other automated systems not part of
Mechanical, Fire Protection, Electrical or a. System or component description
Special Electrical systems b. Specific item or function being tested
c. Functional test procedure
7.2.2. Installation Verification Check Sheets d. Description of test report documentation
The CA provides the installation check sheets to ver- requirements
ify all work has been installed, in accordance with the e. Description of test pass/fail criteria
contract documents and/or the manufacturers rec-
ommendations. The CA or his staff validates the In-
7.2.6. Create Final Commissioning Report
stallation check sheets completed by the contractor Based on the accumulated commissioning work
by checking them through site observations. Com- completed as described above, the CA assembles
pletion of all installation verification tests signifies the data into a final Commissioning Report. The final
those systems are ready for start-up activities. report incorporates the final record documents for
each system, as appropriate.
7.2.3. Static Tests
The contractor must perform static tests as de- 7.3. Post Occupancy Phase
scribed in the Contract Documents. The architect, Commissioning
contractor or CA as required by the Contract Doc-
uments must verify all static tests. The CA Firm is 7.3.1. Performance Verification Tests
required to witness the first static test for each sys- The CA is required to conduct a site inspection with-
tem. Completed static test sheets are then provided in one calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase
to the CA. Examples of these tests include: commissioning. The CA is required to perform Per-
28 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

formance Verification testing and review with the


facility staff on the performance of the systems. The
CA must evaluate if the systems are performing to
the end users expectations.

During the Post-Occupancy Phase the following ap-


ply, if specified in the contract:

a. Deferred testing - any test unable to be per-


formed during the Construction Phase
b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
testing during specific seasonal conditions
c. Post-occupancy performance verification
testing - would be the review of all the
commissioned and tested systems to verify
performance after occupant has used the
facility for a specific amount of time

The CA is required to document and report on the


performance verification tests, the final results and
any issues found.
Section 8. Commissioning of Electrical Systems 29

Section 8. b.
c.
Anticipated occupancy
Electrical construction budget
COMMISSIONING OF d. Electrical codes or standards to be utilized
e. Special systems or equipment requirements
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS affecting electrical calculations and loads
f. Specific material or equipment requirements
g. Energy efficiency expectations
INTRODUCTION h. Lighting systems and components
i. Sustainability requirements
Section 8 describes the requirements for commis- j. Electrical testing requirements
sioning a projects Electrical Systems. While Section k. Measurement and verification strategies
5 details the elements of the Technical Commission- l. Ongoing commissioning and building rating
ing Process in global terms, this section details the requirements
baseline requirements for a NEBB Certified Electrical m. Levels of redundancy
System Commissioning project. The actual scope of n. Electrical automation and controls
work may differ from these requirements. A NEBB sophistication
Certified Report includes: o. Vibration, sound and/or seismic requirements
p. Operation and maintenance criteria
a. The contracted scope of work is required to be q. Owners expectations for operator and
clearly defined on the certification page of the occupant training
report r. Requirements for future facility adaptation
b. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB and expansion
Procedural Standards it is clearly delineated s. Owners expectations of the design team and
on the certification page of the report. All con- their produced documents
tracted work must meet the requirements of t. Owners expectations of the construction
these Procedural Standards to be a NEBB Cer- team and their document requirements
tified Report. (See Section 2) u. Owners expectations of the Commissioning
Authority and their document requirements
8.1. Design Phase Commissioning
The design phase for commissioning of Electrical 8.2. Construction Phase
Systems follows the same process as described in Commissioning
section 5 of this standard. The following specific pro-
The Commissioning Team verifies the equipment
cedures are specifically for Electrical Systems:
and systems are installed in accordance with the
design documents and are operable, maintainable
8.1.1. OPR Definition and Development and ready for functional testing. Once this is com-
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- plete, the Commissioning Team works to verify the
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of functionality of all systems, equipment, systems and
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CA. The components. The Commissioning Team verifies all
NEBB CA documents the creation of the OPR. The systems are functioning in a manner conforming to
OPR outlines the expectations the Owner has for the the OPR. The Commissioning Team also coordinates
electrical requirements of the project. The OPR in- the Owners Personnel Training.
cludes these items related to electrical systems use
and function: The Owner must update the OPR and the design
professionals must update the BOD during Con-
a. Use and space requirements struction Phase to incorporate any approved Electri-
30 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

cal changes incorporated into the final construction. prior to energizing a systems. Each code authority
The CA updates the Technical Commissioning Plan may require special system inspections on differ-
to include any changes to the Commissioning Team ent pieces of electrical equipment. The CA firm is
members, their responsibilities, contact information, required to document these startup tests. Normally
procedures, schedules or changes to the commis- special systems inspections are required for:
sioning requirements during the Construction Phase.
a. Conductors from Utility Transformer to
8.2.1 Pre-Functional Tests (PFT) entrance section
Electrical PFTs are performed during the Construc- b. Entrance section and main switch gear
tion Phase: installation verification tests, static tests, c. Generators and transfer switches
and equipment startup tests.
8.2.5 Functional Performance Tests (FPT)
8.2.2 Installation Verification Check Sheets Functional Performance Tests are designed by the
The CA provides the installation verification check CA and performed by the Commissioning Team. The
sheets for the contractor to verify all work in installed CA observes and facilitates the FPT.
in accordance with the contract documents and/or Examples of these tests may include:
the manufacturers recommendations. The CA or
his staff validates the Installation Verification check a. Emergency power system test
sheets completed by the contractor by back check- b. Witness 3rd party infrared scan of equipment
ing them through site observations. Completion of all and bolted connections
installation verification tests signifies those systems c. Witness load balance of panels
are ready for start-up activities.
d. Verify power quality test

8.2.3 Static Tests


8.3. Post Occupancy Phase
The contractor must perform resistance and torque
tests as described in the Contract Documents. All Commissioning
tests must be verified and documented by contrac- 8.3.1. Post-Occupancy Systems Tests
tor or code Authority Having Jurisdiction as required
by the Contract Documents or local codes. The CA The CA is required to conduct a site inspection with-
Firm is required to witness the first static test for in one calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase
each system. Completed static test sheets are then commissioning. The CA is required to perform Per-
provided to the CA. Examples of these tests include: formance Verification testing and review with the
facility staff on the performance of the systems. The
Examples of these tests may include: CA must evaluate if the systems are performing to
the end users expectations. During the Post-Occu-
a. Conductor resistive tests pancy Phase the following apply if specified in the
b. Bolted Connections Torque settings and contract:
resistive tests
c. System High Potential Tests a. Deferred testing - any test unable to be
d. Transformer Oil Tests performed during the Construction Phase
e. Ground Resistance Test b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
testing during specific seasonal conditions
8.2.4 Special Systems Start-up Tests c. Post-occupancy performance verification
Code authorities require special system inspections testing - would be the review of all the
be performed by the Electrical Engineer of Record commissioned and tested systems to verify
Section 8. Commissioning of Electrical Systems 31

performance after occupant has used the


facility for a specific amount of time.

The CA is also required to document and report on


the performance verification tests, the final results
and any issues found.
32 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 9. a.
b.
Use and space requirements
Anticipated occupancy
COMMISSIONING OF SPECIAL c. Electrical construction budget
d. Electrical codes or standards to be utilized
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS e. Special systems or equipment requirements
that may affect electrical calculations and
loads
INTRODUCTION f. Specific material or equipment requirements
g. Energy efficiency expectations
Section 9 describes the requirements for commis-
h. Lighting systems and components
sioning a projects Special Electrical Systems. While
i. Sustainability requirements
Section 5 details the elements of the Technical Com-
j. Electrical testing requirements
missioning Process in global terms, this section de-
k. Measurement and verification strategies
tails the baseline requirements for a NEBB Certified
l. Ongoing commissioning and building rating
Electrical System Commissioning project. The actual
requirements
scope of work may differ from these requirements. A m. Levels of redundancy
NEBB Certified Report includes: n. Electrical automation and controls
sophistication
a. The contracted scope of work is required to be o. Vibration, sound and/or seismic requirements
clearly defined on the certification page of the p. Operation and maintenance criteria
report q. Owners expectations for operator and
b. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB occupant training
Procedural Standards it is clearly delineated r. Requirements for future facility adaptation
on the certification page of the report. All con- and expansion
tracted work must meet the requirements of s. Owners expectations of the design team and
these Procedural Standards to be a NEBB Cer- their produced documents
tified Report. (See Section 2) t. Owners expectations of the construction
team and their document requirements
9.1. Design Phase Commissioning u. Owners expectations of the Commissioning
Authority and their document requirements
The design phase for commissioning of Special Elec-
trical Systems follows the same process as described
in section 5 of this standard. The following specif- 9.2. Construction Phase
ic procedures are specifically for Special Electrical Commissioning
Systems:
9.2.1. Pre-Functional Tests (PFT)
9.1.1. OPR Definition and Development There are several types of Special Electrical Systems
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- PFT performed during the Construction Phase in-
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of cluding verification tests, static tests, and system
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CA. The startup tests.
NEBB CA documents the creation of the OPR. The
OPR outlines the Owners expectations for the elec-
9.2.2. Special Electrical Systems
trical requirements of the project. The OPR should
Equipment and Controls Installation
include the following relating to the special electrical
Verification Tests
systems use and function: The contractor must verify all work is installed in
accordance with the contract documents and/or
Section 9. Commissioning of Special Electrical Systems 33

the manufacturers recommendations. The CA pro- 9.2.4. Special Systems Inspections


vides the associated check sheets verifying success-
Some Code authorities require special system in-
ful completion. The contractor must document all
spections be performed by the Special Systems In-
equipment is installed in the correct location and op-
spector and may also require the Engineer of Record
erates in accordance with the contract documents.
stamp the special systems inspection report prior to
The CA must provide the installation verification
accepting the system. Each code authority may re-
check sheets if not available from the manufacturers.
quire special system inspections on different pieces
The CA or his staff verifies the Installation Verifica-
of Special Electrical Systems equipment.
tion check sheets completed by the contractor by
checking them through site observations. Comple-
tion of all installation verification tests signifies those
9.2.5. Special Electrical Systems
systems are ready for startup activities.
Equipment Startup Tests
The contractor, vendor or testing agency with con-
Examples of these tests include: tractual obligation to provide startup services, start
up the systems and equipment in accordance with
a. All conductor and raceway installations the Contract Documents and the manufacturers re-
b. All Special Electrical Systems equipment quirements must complete the Startup sheets. Com-
installation pleted startup check sheets are then provided to
c. All Special Electrical Systems Control equip- the CA. The CA firm is required to document these
ment and component installation startup tests. Startup tests may include but are not
limited to:
Installation Verification tests may include but are not
limited to: a. Manufacturers Name
b. Model Number
a. Material or Equipment Name or description c. Type and Size
b. Model Number d. Serial Number
c. Type and Size e. Actual Settings or Adjustments
d. Serial Number (If applicable) f. Actual Special Electrical Systems
e. Installation and location to design Characteristics
requirements verification g. Operating data as required by the manufacturer
f. Maintenance access verification
g. Installation complete 9.2.6. Special Electrical Systems Specific
Startup Tests
9.2.3. Static Tests The CA performs a 100% point-to-point system test
The contractor must perform resistance and torque as verification of the special electrical system oper-
tests as described in the Contract Documents. All tests ational status with no sampling strategies allowed.
must be verified and documented by contractor or The control point-to-point test verifies the system
code Authority Having Jurisdiction as required by the operation from the system main communication de-
Contract Documents or as dictated by the local codes. vice clear to the end device. The control tests may
The CA Firm is required to witness the first static test include but not limited to:
for each system. Completed static test sheets are then
provided to the CA. Examples of these tests include: a. Fire Alarm
1. Point-to-point test of all connected
a. Conductor polarity tests devices
b. Supervised wiring resistance measurement 2. Response testing of all zone and device
for Fire Alarm systems alarms
34 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

3. Response testing of all horns, speakers, d. Verification of action and polarity


phones, strobes and alarm devices e. Verification of status indication
4. Smoke control system testing f. Verify functionality described above
b. Security Systems
1. Point-to-point test of all connected 9.2.7. Functional Performance Tests (FPT)
devices Functional Performance Tests are designed by the
2. Response testing of all input and control CA and performed by the Commissioning Team. The
devices CA or his staff observe and facilitate the FPT for all
3. Response testing of all alarms systems having operating sequences. The CA pro-
c. CCTV Systems vides final approval for Functional Performance Test
1. Point-to-point test of all connected results. The FPT tests include:
devices
2. Response testing of all zone and device a. System description
alarms b. Specific function being tested
3. Response testing of all cameras, camera c. Functional test design
controls and recorders d. Description of testing procedure
d. Telephone Systems e. Description of test duration
1. Point-to-point test of all connected f. Description of test report documentation
devices requirements
2. Response testing of all phone sets and g. Description of test pass/fail criteria
consoles
3. Response testing of all connected lines Special Electrical Systems Functional Performance
e. Paging and Intercom Systems Tests typically include:
1. Point-to-point test of all connected
devices a. Fire Alarm
2. Response testing of all speakers and 1. All points report without any alarms or
consoles trouble indicated on supervised cables
f. Music and White Noise Systems b. Security Systems
1. Point-to-point test of all connected 1. Reports indicating specified tracking
speakers and devices activity
2. Response testing of all zones c. CCTV Systems
g. Nurses Call Systems 1. Observe functionality of alarms and
1. Point-to-point test of all connected indicators
devices 2. Observe functionality of alarm reports
2. Response testing of all call devices 3. Observe functionality of archive functions
3. Response testing of all consoles d. Telephone Systems
h. Network Data Systems 1. Observe functionality of reports
1. Wire continuity testing to verify jacks e. Paging and Intercom Systems
are connected and active 1. No Functional test requirements
2. Signal Strength Testing f. Music and White Noise Systems
1. No Functional test requirements
Start Up check sheets and forms typically include: g. Nurses Call Systems
1. No Functional test requirements
a. Product Manufacturer h. Network Data Systems
b. Component identification 1. No Functional test requirements
c. Verification of component communication
Section 9. Commissioning of Special Electrical Systems 35

9.3. Post Occupancy Phase


Commissioning
9.3.1. Post-Occupancy Systems Tests
The CA is required to conduct a site inspection with-
in one calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase
commissioning. The CA is required to perform Per-
formance Verification testing and review with the
facility staff on the performance of the systems. The
CA must evaluate if the systems are performing to
the end users expectations.

During the Post-Occupancy phase the following ap-


ply if specified in the contract:

a. Deferred testing - any test unable to be per-


formed during the Construction Phase
b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
testing during specific seasonal conditions
c. Post-occupancy performance verification
testing - would be the review of all the
commissioned and tested systems to verify
performance after occupant has used the
facility for a specific amount of time

The CA is required to document and report on the


performance verification tests, the final results and
any issues found.
36 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Section 10. d. Plumbing codes or standards to be utilized


e. Special systems or equipment requirements
COMMISSIONING OF affecting plumbing calculations and loads
f. Specific material or equipment requirements
PLUMBING SYSTEMS g. Energy and water efficiency expectations
h. Sustainability requirements
i. Measurement and verification strategies
INTRODUCTION j. Ongoing commissioning and building rating
requirements
The purpose of Section 10 is to describe the require- k. Levels of redundancy
ments for commissioning a projects Plumbing Sys- l. Building automation/controls sophistication
tems. While Section 5 details the elements of the m. Vibration, sound and/or seismic requirements
Technical Commissioning Process in global terms, n. Operation and maintenance criteria
this section details the baseline requirements for a o. Owners expectations for operator and
NEBB Certified Special Electrical System Commis- occupant training
sioning project. The actual scope of work may differ p. Requirements for future facility adaptation
from these requirements. A NEBB Certified Report and expansion
includes: q. Owners expectations of the design team and
their produced documents
a. The actual contracted scope of work is re- r. Owners expectations of the construction
quired to be clearly defined on the certification team and their document requirements
page of the report as specified in the contract s. Owners expectations of the Commissioning
documents or as agreed to between the Own- Authority and their document requirements
er/Buyer and the NEBB BSC Certified Firm.
b. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB Pro-
cedural Standards it is clearly delineated on
10.2. Construction Phase
the certification page of the report, otherwise Commissioning
all contracted work must be adhered to for a
The Commissioning Team verifies the equipment
NEBB Certified Report. (See Section 2)
and systems are installed, in accordance with the de-
sign during the Construction Phase. The CA verifies
10.1. Design Phase Commissioning the equipment is operable, maintainable and ready
for functional testing. Once this is complete, the
10.1.1. OPR Definition and Development Commissioning Team works to verify the function-
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- ality of all systems, equipment, systems and compo-
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of nents. The Commissioning Team verifies all systems
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CA. The are functioning in a manner conforming to the OPR.
NEBB CA documents the creation of the OPR. The Commissioning Team also coordinates the level
of Owners Personnel Training.
The OPR outlines the Owners expectations for the
Plumbing requirements of the project. The OPR The Owner must update the OPR and the design
should include the following relating to the Plumbing professionals must update the BOD during Con-
systems use and function: struction Phase to incorporate any approved plumb-
ing changes incorporated into the final construction.
a. Use and space requirements The CA updates the Technical Commissioning Plan
b. Anticipated occupancy to include any changes in the Commissioning Team
c. Plumbing construction budget members, their responsibilities, contact information,
Section 10. Commissioning of Plumbing Systems 37

procedures, schedules or changes to the commis- a. Hydrostatic testing of all piping systems to the
sioning requirements because of any changes occur- appropriate test pressure and duration
ring during the Construction Phase. b. Slope verification tests

10.2.1. Pre-Functional Tests (PFT) 10.2.4. Plumbing Equipment Startup Tests


Plumbing PFTs are performed during the Construc- The contractor or vendor, who has contractual obli-
tion Phase including installation verification tests, gation to provide startup services, starts up the sys-
static tests, and equipment startup tests. tems and equipment in accordance with the Contract
Documents and the manufacturers requirements.
10.2.2. Plumbing And Controls Installation Completed startup check sheets are then provided to
Verification Tests the CA. The CA firm is required to document these
startup tests. The minimum startup tests include:
The contractor verifies all work is installed in ac-
cordance with the contract documents and/or the
a. Manufacturers name
manufacturers recommendations and provide the b. Model number
proper associated check sheets showing this verifi- c. Type and size
cation. The contractor must document all equipment d. Serial number
is installed in the correct location and is operating e. Actual settings or adjustments
in accordance with the contract documents. The CA f. Actual electrical characteristics
should create and provide the installation verification g. Actual load
check sheets if not available from the manufactur- h. Operating data as required by the manufacturer
ers. The CA or his staff validates the Installation Ver-
ification check sheets completed by the contractor 10.2.5. Functional Performance Tests
by checking them through site observations. Proper
There are several types of Plumbing FPT recom-
completion of all installation verification tests signi-
mended to be performed during the Construction
fies those systems are ready for startup activities.
Phase:
Examples of these tests include:

a. Chlorination system verification


a. All piping systems, and component
b. Mixing valve set up
installations
c. Domestic HW Recovery GPH testing
b. All Plumbing equipment and fixture installation
c. All Plumbing Control equipment and
The CA verifies all potable water system have been
component installation
cleaned, chlorinated and flushed in accordance with
the specifications and local code requirements. This
10.2.3. Static Tests verification includes witnessing FPT tests. The CA
The contractor must perform hydrostatic and pres- includes copies of all Chlorination test results in the
sure tests as described in the Contract Documents. final commissioning report.
All hydrostatic and pressure tests must be verified
by contractor or code Authority Having Jurisdiction 10.3. Post Occupancy Phase
code as required by the Contract Documents or as
dictated by the local codes. The CA Firm is required
Commissioning
to witness the first static test for each system. Com- The CA is required to conduct a site inspection with-
pleted static test sheets are then provided to the CA. in one calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase
Examples of these tests include: commissioning. The CA is required to perform Per-
formance Verification testing and review with the
38 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

facility staff on the performance of the systems. The


CA must evaluate if the systems are performing to
the end users expectations. During the Post-Occu-
pancy Phase the following apply if specified in the
contract:

a. Deferred Testing - any test unable to be per-


formed during the Construction Phase
b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
testing during specific seasonal conditions
c. Post-occupancy performance verification
testing - would be the review of all the
commissioned and tested systems to verify
performance after occupant has used the
facility for a specific amount of time

The CA is required to document and report on the


performance verification tests, the final results and
any issues found.
Section 11. Commissioning of Fire Protection Systems 39

Section 11. d. Fire protection codes and design standards to


be utilized
COMMISSIONING OF FIRE e. Special systems or equipment requirements

PROTECTION SYSTEMS affecting fire protection calculations and loads


f. Specific material or equipment requirements
g. Energy and water efficiency expectations
h. Levels of redundancy
INTRODUCTION i. Vibration, sound and/or seismic requirements
j. Operation and maintenance criteria
The purpose of Section 11 is to describe the require-
k. Owners expectations for operator and
ments for commissioning a projects Fire Protection
Systems. While Section 5 details the elements of the occupant training
Technical Commissioning Process in global terms, l. Requirements for future facility adaptation
this section details the baseline requirements for a and expansion
NEBB Certified Fire Protection System Commission- m. Owners expectations of the design team and
ing project. The actual scope of work may differ from their produced documents
these requirements. A NEBB Certified Report must n. Owners expectations of the construction
include: team and their document requirements
o. Owners expectations of the NEBB CP and
a. The actual contracted scope of work is re- their document requirements
quired to be clearly defined on the certifi-
cation page of the report as specified in the 11.2. Construction Phase
contract documents or as agreed to between
Commissioning
the Owner/Buyer and the NEBB BSC Certi-
fied Firm. 11.2.1. Pre-Functional Tests (PFT)
b. If the scope of work differs from the NEBB Pro-
There are several types of fire protection PFTs per-
cedural Standards it is clearly delineated on
formed during the Construction Phase including
the certification page of the report, otherwise
installation verification tests, static tests and equip-
all contracted work must be adhered to for a
ment startup tests.
NEBB Certified Report.

11.2.2. Fire Protection And Controls


11.1. Design Phase Commissioning Installation Verification Tests
11.1.1. OPR Definition and Development The contractor verifies all work is installed in accor-
The Owner produces the Owners Project Require- dance with the contract documents and/or the man-
ments (OPR) to facilitate the design and delivery of ufacturers recommendations. The CA provides the
the project, with assistance from the NEBB CP. The associated check sheets verifying successful com-
NEBB CP documents the creation of the OPR. The pletion. The contractor must document all equip-
OPR outlines the expectations the Owner has for the ment is installed in the correct location and operates
fire protection requirements of the project. The OPR in accordance with the contract documents. The
includes these items related to the fire protection CA must provide the installation verification check
system use and function: sheets if not available from the manufacturers. The
CA or his staff verifies the Installation Verification
a. Use and space requirements check sheets completed by the contractor by check-
b. Anticipated occupancy types by area ing them through site observations. Proper comple-
c. Fire protection construction budget tion of all installation verification tests signifies those
40 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

systems are ready for startup activities. Examples of b. Slope verification tests
these tests include:
11.2.4. Fire Protection Equipment
a. Fire alarm device installation Startup Tests
b. Water-based sprinkler system installation The contractor or vendor, who has contractual obli-
c. Standpipe and hose system installation gation to provide startup services, starts up the sys-
d. Water spray fixed system installation tems and equipment in accordance with the project
e. Foam water system installation specifications or contract documents, and the man-
f. Water mist system installation ufacturers requirements. The completed startup
g. Wet chemical system installation check sheets are provided to the CA. The CA firm
h. Dry chemical system installation is required to document these startup tests. Startup
i. Inert gas system installation test includes this data:
j. Low expansion foam system installation
k. Private fire service main installation a. Manufacturer name
l. Private hydrant installation b. Model number
m. Water tank installation c. Type and size
n. Stationary pump for fire protection installation d. Serial number
o. Smoke-control system installation e. Actual settings or adjustments
p. Emergency power system installation f. Actual electrical characteristics
g. Actual load
Installation verification tests include: h. Operating data as required by the manufacturer

a. Material or equipment name or description Startup tests include this equipment:


b. Model number
c. Type and size a. Fire pumps
d. Serial number (if applicable) b. Antifreeze concentration tests
e. Installation and location to design c. Air compressors
requirements d. Riser components and systems
f. Maintenance/service access e. Storage heating systems
g. Installation complete
11.2.5. Control And Integrated System
11.2.3. Static Tests Startup Tests
The contractor must perform hydrostatic and pres- The NEBB CP or responsible contractor provides a
sure tests as described in the project specifications 100% point-to-point control system test as verifi-
or contract documents. All hydrostatic and pressure cation of the control system operational status, with
tests are to be verified by the responsible contractor no sampling strategies allowed. The control Point-to-
or code authority as required by the project speci- point test verifies the system operation from the sys-
fications, contract documents, or as dictated by tem graphic to the end sensor or control device. The
local code. The CA Firm is required to witness the 100% point-to-point control tests include:
first static test for each system. Completed static
test sheets are then provided to the CA. Examples of a. Controller manufacturer
these tests include: b. Controller or system identification
c. Verification of controller communication
a. Hydrostatic testing of all piping/sprinkler d. Pin address
systems to the appropriate test pressure and e. Point ID and name
duration f. Point type
Section 11. Commissioning of Fire Protection Systems 41

g. Connected device description h. Description of test pass/fail criteria


h. Verification of action and polarity
i. Verification of status indication Functional performance tests include:
j. Actual sensor reading, system reading and
offset a. Fire pump control sequence, including
emergency power
Control startup tests includes: b. Fire alarm interlocked systems, including
emergency power
a. Fire pump automatic controls c. Typical manual pull station, by device
b. Fire alarm interlock systems d. Typical elevator recall smoke detector, by
c. Air compressor automatic controls device and by floor
d. Riser component system controls e. Elevator machine room smoke detector
e. Storage heating system controls f. Typical smoke detector, by device
g. Typical wet sprinkler system flow control valve
11.2.6. System Chemical Treatment assembly flow switch, by floor
Verification h. Typical wet sprinkler system flow control valve
The NEBB CP verifies the piping has been cleaned assembly tamper switch, by floor
and treated with chemicals in accordance with the i. Typical pre-action sprinkler system flow
specifications and local code requirements. This ver- control valve assembly flow switch, by floor
ification includes witnessing of chemical tests per- j. Typical pre-action sprinkler system flow
formed by the responsible contractor. The NEBB CP control valve assembly tamper switch, by
includes copies of all chemical test results in the final floor
commissioning report. k. Kitchen/cafeteria wet chemical system
l. Typical duct smoke detector, by device and by
11.2.7. Functional Performance floor
Tests (FPT)
Functional performance tests are designed by the CA 11.3. Post Occupancy Phase
and carried out by the responsible contractor, with Commissioning
assistance from the CA. The CA conducts and facil-
itates the FPTs for all systems having operating se- The CA is required to conduct a site inspection with-
quences. The CA provides final approval of function- in one calendar year for the Post-Occupancy Phase
al performance test results. FPTs are performed for commissioning. The CA is required to perform Per-
all sequences, with no sampling strategies allowed, formance Verification testing and review with the
except for application specific, factory programmed facility staff on the performance of the systems. The
devices that cannot be modified in the field. The CA must evaluate if the systems are performing to
functional performance tests include: the end users expectations.
a. System description
b. Specific function being tested During the Post-Occupancy Phase the following ap-
c. Functional test design ply if specified in the contract:
d. Description of data points tested
e. Description of test duration and test interval a. Deferred testing - any test unable to be per-
times formed during the Construction Phase
f. Description of test set points and set point b. Opposite season testing - any test requiring
changes testing during specific seasonal conditions
g. Description of test report documentation c. Post-occupancy performance verification
requirements testing - would be the review of all the
42 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

commissioned and tested systems to verify


performance after occupant has used the
facility for a specific amount of time

The CA is also required to document and report on


the performance verification tests, the final results
and any issues found.
Appendices 43

Appendices

Appendix A - Acronyms FPT Functional Performance Test


GPH Gallons per Hour
AHJ Authority Having Jurisdiction HVAC Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning
AHU Air Handling Unit HW Hot Water
ANSI American National Standards Institute ID Identification
BET Building Envelope Testing Certification IEQ Indoor Environment Quality
BOD Basis of Design IP Inch-Pounds measurement system
BSC Building Systems Commissioning LAN Local Area Network
CA Commissioning Authority NEBB National Environmental Balancing Bureau
CCTV Closed Circuit Television O&M Operating and Maintenance Manual
CD Contract Documents OPR Owners Project Requirements
CM/GC Construction Manager/General Contractor OSA Outside Air
CO Carbon monoxide PFT Pre-Functional Test
CO2 Carbon dioxide PVT Performance Verification Testing
CP Certified Professional RCx Retro Commissioning
CPT Cleanroom Performance Test Certification S Sound Testing Certification
CW Chilled Water SD Schematic Design
Cx Commissioning SI International System of measurement
Cx-NC Commissioning New Construction SO Site Observation
DD Design Development SOP Standard Operating Procedure
DDC Direct Digital Control SOW Scope of Work
DPC Design Phase Commissioning TAB Testing, Adjusting and Balancing
FHT Fume Hood Testing Certification V Vibration Testing Certification
44 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Appendix B - Definitions Certificate of Compliance (Conformance): A writ-


ten statement, signed by a qualified party, attesting
Acceptance Criteria: the items or services are in accordance with spec-
a. The value, or range of values, compared to the ified requirements, and accompanied by additional
measured value that determines if the test re- information to substantiate the statement.
sults pass or fail.
b. A test made upon completion of fabrication, Certification: The process of validation required to
receipt, installation or modification of a com- obtain a Certificate of Compliance.
ponent unit or system to verify it meets the
requirements specified. Checklist: List of data or inspections verified to en-
sure proper system or component installation, oper-
Acceptance Phase Commissioning: Commissioning ation and function.
tasks executed after the construction has been com-
pleted, all Site Observations and Static Tests have Closed Circuit Television (CCTV): Used for security
been completed and all Pre- Functional Testing has surveillance and alarm detections as part of a special
been completed and accepted. The main commis- electrical security system.
sioning activities performed during this phase are
verification that the installed systems are function- Commissionability: A design component or con-
al as verified by conducting Functional Performance struction process with the necessary elements to
tests and Owner Training. allow a system or component to be effectively mea-
sured, tested, operated and commissioned.
Accuracy: The capability of an instrument to indicate
the true value of a measured quantity. Commissioning Authority (CA): The NEBB BSC Cer-
tified Professional (NEBB BSC CP) who administers
Activities: The individual steps or action items nec- the Cx process by managing the Cx team. The CA
essary to complete a course of action in the NEBB Cx is responsible, in the standard, to identify the NEBB
program. BSC or RCx CP, members of his staff, or appointed
members of the commissioning team.
Basis of Design (BOD): The Engineers Basis of De-
sign is comprised of two components: the Design Commissioning Report: The final document that
Criteria, and the Design Narrative. These documents presents the commissioning results for the project,
record the concepts, calculations, decisions, and including reports, an executive summary, Technical
product selections used to meet the Owners Project Commissioning Plan, issue log, correspondence, and
Requirements (OPR) and to satisfy applicable regu- all appropriate check sheets and test forms.
latory requirements, standards, and guidelines.
Commissioning Team: Team members whose coor-
Building Envelope: The boundary or barrier separat- dinated activities are responsible for implementing
ing the interior volume of a building from the outside the Technical Commissioning Process.
environment.
Continuous Technical Commissioning Process: A
Calibrate (Calibration): The act of comparing an continuation of the Technical Commissioning Pro-
instrument of unknown accuracy with a standard of cess well into the Occupancy and Post Occupancy
known accuracy to detect, correlate, report, or cor- Phase. This process verifies that a project contin-
rect by adjustment unacceptable variation in the ac- ues to meet current and evolving Owners Project
curacy of the tested instrument. Requirements. Continuous Technical Commission-
Appendices 45

ing Process activities are ongoing for the life of the Coordination Drawings: Drawings showing the
facility. work of all trades used to illustrate that equipment
can be installed in the space allocated without com-
Construction Documents: Construction docu- promising equipment function or access for mainte-
ments usually include the project manual (specifi- nance and replacement. These drawings graphically
cations), plans (drawings), and general terms and illustrate equipment dimensions and manufacturers
conditions of the contract. These documents vary recommended maintenance clearances.
from project to project, as the owner needs change
and as various State, Federal, or International regu- Corrective Action: Repairing, replacing, re-building,
lations dictate. calibrating or adjusting of equipment or systems.

Construction Phase Commissioning (CPC): All com- Data Logger: A test instrument used to record spe-
missioning efforts executed during the construction cific readings over time. Normally a battery operated
process after the design phase and prior to the Post instrument with multiple channels for more than one
Occupancy Phase Commissioning. reading.

Contract Document Evaluation: A NEBB Certified Deferred Maintenance: Maintenance procedures


not done due to costs, lack of manpower or proper
Firm evaluation of the contract plans and specifica-
maintenance.
tions is limited to determining the scope of responsi-
bilities and reporting.
Deferred System Test: Tests that cannot be com-
pleted at the end of the Construction Phase due to
Contract Document Review: A NEBB Certified TAB
ambient conditions, schedule issues or other condi-
Firm review of the contract plans and specifications
tions preventing testing.
is limited to determining the proper placement of
balancing devices. A NEBB Certified TAB Firm is not
Deficiency: Any installation, measurement, or find-
responsible for the review of equipment sizing, de-
ing outside the tolerances allowed by NEBB Proce-
sign load calculations or any other engineering func-
dural Standards or project specifications.
tion that is properly the responsibility of the design
professional. Design Criteria: A listing of the projects design re-
quirements, including the source of the design re-
Contract Documents (CD): Contract documents quirements. These are used during the design phase
include design and construction contracts, finan- review to show the design element meets the OPR.
cial and scope of work agreements, all plans and
specifications. Design Development (DD): Design Development
takes the Schematic Design (SD) phase and turns
Control Loop Response Time: The time required for these conceptual plans into one-line duct and pip-
a controlled point to respond to a setpoint change. ing drawings with identifiable zones. Specifications
would be in outline form with typical details shown.
Control Loop Stability: The ability of a controlled DD includes preliminary equipment schedules.
point to maintain its setpoint within defined limits.
Design Intent: Documents providing a written, de-
Control Loop Tuning: The capability to adjust re- tailed record of ideas, concepts and criteria defined
sponse time of a PID controlled point to meet the as important by the owner. The overall term includes
sequence of operation requirement. the OPR and the BOD.
46 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Design Phase Commissioning (DPC): All commis- dishwasher waste or similarly contaminated sourc-
sioning tasks executed during the project Design Phase. es. Grey water includes wastewater from bathtubs,
showers, lavatories, clothes washer and laundry tubs.
Design Professional: The design professional, archi- (Also known as: grey water, graywater, or greywater.)
tect or engineer of record of the project.
Harmonics: A sinusoidal component that is a whole
Discovery Phase: The portion of the Cx phase where number multiple of the fundamental frequency.
drawing and specification review, document review
and site investigation occur. This phase typically de- Implementation Phase: The portion of the project
fines the significant issues causing comfort and main- where courses of corrective actions are made to var-
tenance problems as well as excessive energy use. ious HVAC, electrical or building envelope compo-
nents of the project. Control sequences or Test and
Environmental Systems: Systems using a combina- Balance adjustments are completed during this por-
tion of mechanical equipment, airflow, water flow tion of the project.
and electrical energy to provide heating, ventilating,
air conditioning, humidification, and dehumidifica- Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ): The relative
tion for the purpose of human comfort or process quality of the indoor air environment and normally
control of temperature and humidity. includes temperature, humidity, levels of CO2 and
amounts of particulates such as dust, ozone, formal-
Executive Summary: A section of the Commission- dehyde, volatile organic compounds (VOC) and oth-
ing Report that reviews the general outcome of the er trace elements. IEQ can also relate to biological
project. It includes any unresolved issues, recom- contamination such as mold or Legionella bacteria
mendations for the resolution of unresolved issues, and quality of the space for sound & vibration, views,
and all deferred testing requirements. and daylighting.

Fenestration: Any opening in a building structure Industry Accepted Best Practice: A design compo-
such as windows, skylights, window walls, doors, nent or construction procedure that has achieved
louvers, and access panels. industry consensus for quality performance and
functionality. Refer to NEBB Design Phase Commis-
Functional Performance Test (FPT): Verification of sioning Handbook for examples.
the appropriate sequential performance of automat-
ed systems and stability of these sequences under Informative Appendices: The informative appendi-
normal, upset and transitional conditions. ces to NEBB Procedural Standards and informative
notes located within the Procedural Standards con-
Functionality: A design component or construction tain additional information and are not mandatory or
process allowing a system or component to operate part of the Procedural Standards.
or be constructed in a manner producing the required
outcome of the OPR. Infrared Imaging System: An instrument that con-
verts the spatial variations in infrared radiance from
Graphic Verification Tests: Tests intended to prove a surface into a two-dimensional image of that sur-
the graphic diagrams on the DDC screen are factual face, in which variations in radiance are displayed as
and represent the actual arrangement and operation a range of colors or tones.
of a system or component in the field.
Infrared Thermography: The process of generat-
Greywater: Untreated wastewater that has no come ing thermal images that represent temperature and
into contact with toilet waste, kitchen sink waste, emittance variations over the surfaces of objects.
Appendices 47

Installation Verification: Observations or inspec- Firm must employ at least one NEBB BSC Certified
tions that confirm the system or component has Professional in a full time management position.
been installed in accordance with the contract docu-
ments and to industry accepted best practices. NEBB BSC Certified Professional: A full time em-
ployee of the firm in a management position who
Issues/Deficiency Log: A formal, ongoing record of has successfully passed the Certified Profession-
problems or concerns and their resolution raised al level examinations and other requirements, and
by members of NEBB Technical Commissioning or maintains the Certified Professional re-qualification
Retro-Commissioning Teams during the course of requirements of NEBB BSC Certification.
the their activity.
NEBB Certified BET Report: The data presented in
Maintainability: A design component or construc- a NEBB Certified BET Report accurately represents
tion layout that provides clearance for equipment or system measurements obtained in accordance with
components to be effectively maintained. This in- the current edition of the NEBB Procedural Standards
cludes adequate room for access to adjust and repair for Building Enclosure Testing. A NEBB Certified BET
the equipment. Report does not necessarily guarantee that systems
measured conform to the design requirements or
stated guidelines. The report is an accurate repre-
Maintenance Management Work Order: Work or-
sentation of the measured results only.
der for building repairs or troubleshooting created
from the owners maintenance management system
NEBB Certified BSC Report: The final report of the
or procedures.
project Technical Commissioning Process. The com-
missioning report includes all testing data results,
May: Indicates a course of action permissible as de-
issue logs, observations and other pertinent data to
termined by the NEBB Certified Firm.
the Technical Commissioning Process. NEBB Certi-
fication indicates that the Technical Commissioning
NEBB BET Certified Firm: A firm that has met and
Process and the report have been completed and
maintains all the requirements of the National Envi-
compiled in accordance with the current edition of
ronmental Balancing Bureau for firm certification in
the NEBB Procedural Standards for Whole Building Sys-
Building Enclosure Testing and is currently certified tems Technical Commissioning.
by NEBB. A NEBB BET Certified Firm shall employ
at least one NEBB BET Certified Professional in a full Normative Appendices: The normative appendices
time management position. to NEBB Procedural Standards are considered to be
integral parts of the mandatory requirements of the
NEBB BET Certified Professional: A full time em- Procedural Standards, which, for reasons of conve-
ployee of the firm in a management position who has nience, are placed apart from all other normative
successfully passed the professional level written elements.
and practical qualification examinations and main-
tains the professional re-qualification requirements Owners Project Requirements (OPR): A written
of NEBB BET Certification. document that details the project requirements and
the expectations of how it will be used and operat-
NEBB BSC Certified Firm: A firm that has met and ed. These include project goals, measurable perfor-
maintains all the requirements of the National Envi- mance criteria, cost considerations, benchmarks,
ronmental Balancing Bureau for firm certification in success criteria, and supporting information.
Technical Building Systems Commissioning and is
currently certified by NEBB. A NEBB BSC Certified
48 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Performance Verification: Testing. These include installation verification tests,


a. Verifying a facilities comfort level, energy us- static tests, and equipment startup tests.
age or water usage performance as compared
to a previous set of readings or verifications. Procedure: A defined approach that outlines the
b. Activities performed during the Post Oc- execution of a sequence of work or operations. Pro-
cupancy Phase of a NEBB Commissioning cedures are used to produce repeatable and defined
project. results.

Phase: A group of activities that outline the cours- Rainwater: Natural precipitation not contaminated
es of action necessary to complete that group of by use.
activities.
Range: The upper and lower limits of an instruments
Process: A quality focused approach of clearly de- ability to measure values for which the instrument is
fined procedures for enhancing the delivery of a calibrated.
project. The approach focuses upon verifying and
documenting that the facility and all of its systems, Reclaimed (recycled) water: Non-potable water
components, and assemblies are planned, designed, provided by a water/wastewater utility that, as a re-
sult of tertiary treatment of domestic wastewater,
installed, tested, can be operated and maintained to
meets requirements of the public health Authority
meet the Owners Project Requirements or Current
Having Jurisdiction for its reclaimed (recycled) wa-
Facility Requirements.
ter shall be approved by the public health Authority
Having Jurisdiction.
Point-to-Point Verification: This activity confirms a
specific point device is paired and connected to the
Resolution:
proper controller, that sensors are properly calibrated,
a. The smallest change in a measured variable
actuators are ranged correctly and that graphic points
that an instrument can detect.
are connected to the correct end device.
b. The implementation of actions that correct a
tested or observed deficiency.
Post Occupancy Phase: During this phase the NEBB
CP will revisit the project and perform performance Schematic Design (SD): A conceptual image of the
verification. This could include trend review, staff in- project engineering requirements. Load calculations,
terviews, and functional testing. preliminary system selection, and flow sheets are de-
veloped in this phase of the project. This phase typi-
Potable Water: Water that is satisfactory for drink- cally represents the project at approximately 35% of
ing, culinary, and domestic purposes and that meets the design effort.
the requirements of the Health Authority Having
Jurisdiction. Shall: Indicates mandatory requirements to be fol-
lowed in order for the project to become a NEBB cer-
Pre-Design Phase Commissioning: Commissioning tified project. Work must conform to these standards
tasks performed prior to the start of design activities and procedures and no deviation is permitted.
that include project programming and the develop-
ment of the commissioning activities for the project. Note: In the event unique circumstances prevent a
required action from being fulfilled, a notation shall
Pre-Functional Test (PFT): There are several types be included in the report explaining the reason the
of HVAC PFTs that are performed during the con- requirement was not completed. For example, such
struction phase prior to Functional Performance notation could be: Not Available, Not Applicable, or
Appendices 49

Not Accessible. The simple notation N/A without the process of verifying the performance of a build-
definition is not allowed. ing utilizing various procedures.

Should: Indicate a certain course of action is pre- Technical Commissioning Plan: A document that out-
ferred but not necessarily required. lines the project scope and defines responsibilities, pro-
cedures, schedules, and documentation requirements
Site Observation Report: A report of periodic site of the Technical Commissioning Process.
inspections and observations made by the CP. Ob-
servation reports are intended to identify installation Technical Commissioning Process: A quality fo-
issues/deficiencies requiring correction or analysis. cused approach of using clearly defined procedures
for enhancing the delivery of a project. The approach
Special System Inspections: Inspections required focuses upon verifying and documenting that the fa-
by a local code Authority Having Jurisdiction prior to cility and all of its systems, components, and assem-
occupancy and are not normally a part of the Techni- blies are planned, designed, installed, tested, can be
cal Commissioning Process. operated and maintained to meet the Owners Proj-
ect Requirements.
Standard: A required qualification, action, or result.
Test Procedure: A written protocol that defines
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP):
methods, personnel, and expectations for tests con-
a. An internal policy prepared by the Certified
ducted on components, equipment, assemblies, sys-
Firm or prepared by the Owner. Procedures
tems, and interfaces among systems.
are written to provide guidance, direction, and
step-by-step details relating to issues such as
Test Zone: A building, or a portion of a building, con-
safety, testing protocols, acceptance criteria,
figured as a single zone. For detached dwellings, the
etc. Use NEBB Certified Firm SOP in absence
test zone envelope normally comprises the thermal
of SOP prepared by the Owner.
envelope.
b. Established procedure to be followed in carry-
ing out a given operation or in a given situation.
Testing: The use of specialized and calibrated instru-
Start Up Test: Test that validates the component or ments to measure parameters such as temperature,
system is ready for automatic operation in accor- pressure, vapor flow, airflow, fluid flow, fluid quan-
dance with manufacturer requirements. tities, rotational speed, electrical characteristics,
velocity, sound and vibration level, air and hydronic
Static Test: Test or inspection that validates a spec- quantities, and other data in order to determine per-
ified static condition such as pressure testing. Static formance, operation, or function.
tests may be specification or code initiated.
Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing (TAB): A system-
Systems Manual: A system-focused composite doc- atic process or service applied to heating, ventilating
ument that includes all information required for the and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, and other envi-
owners operators to operate the systems. ronmental systems, to achieve and document air and
hydronic flow rates. The standards and procedures
Technical Building Systems Commissioning (BSC): for providing these services are referred to as Testing,
NEBB Technical Commissioning Process. Adjusting, and Balancing described in NEBB Procedural
Standards for the Testing, Adjusting and Balancing of En-
Technical Commissioning (BSC): The NEBB Com- vironmental Systems.
missioning Certification program. Commissioning is
50 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

Thermal Scan: Thermographic picture taken with with, or under control of, the firm per-
an Infrared Thermographic Camera. Thermographic forming or designing the task.
pictures show relative temperatures of objects and
surfaces and used to identify leaks, thermal bridg- Verification: The process where specific documents,
ing, thermal intrusion, electrical overload conditions, components, equipment, assemblies, systems, and
moisture containment, and insulation failure. interfaces among systems are confirmed to com-
ply with criteria described in the Owners Project
Thermogram: A recorded image that maps the ap- Requirements.
parent temperature pattern of an object or scene into
a corresponding contrast or color pattern.
Verification Checklists: These are developed and
used during all phases of the NEBB Commissioning
Training Plan: The document in outline form detail-
and Retro-Technical Commissioning Process to ver-
ing subjects for operator training. Training agendas
ify the Owners Project Requirements (OPR) or Cur-
should address instruction on how to obtain service,
rent Facility Requirements are being achieved.
operate, startup, shutdown, and maintain all systems
and components of the project.
Warranty Phase Commissioning: Commissioning
Trending: The use of data loggers or DDC data trends efforts executed after a project has been complet-
to verify functional performance tests, troubleshoot, ed and accepted by the Owner. Warranty Phase
or document system performance. Commissioning includes follow-up on verification of
system performance, measurement and verification
Troubleshooting: Procedural activities for investi- tasks, and assistance in identifying warranty issues
gating a specific fault or failure of a system or piece and enforcing warranty provisions of the construc-
of equipment. tion contract.

Validation: Warranty Visit: A commissioning meeting and site


a Documented evidence that a process or sys- review where all outstanding warranty issues and
tem, when operated within established param- deferred testing are reviewed and discussed.
eters can perform effectively and reproducibly
to produce a product meeting predetermined Wastewater (Sewage/Blackwater): Any liquid
specifications and quality attributes. waste containing animal or vegetable matter in sus-
b. A process where work is verified as complete
pension or solution and that may include liquids con-
and operating correctly.
taining chemicals in solution.
1. First party validation occurs when a firm
or individual verifying the task is the same
Whole Building Technical Commissioning: Com-
firm or individual performing the task.
missioning of all building systems including Building
2. Second party validation occurs when
the firm or individual verifying the task Envelope, HVAC, Electrical, Special Electrical (Fire
is under the control of the firm perform- Alarm, Security & Communications), Plumbing and
ing the task or has any possible financial Fire Protection.
conflicts of interest in the resolution (e.g.
architects, designers, general contractors Zone: A volume of building served by a single venti-
and third-tier subcontractors or vendors). lation system. For buildings with natural ventilation
3. Third party validation occurs when the only, the whole building is considered a zone.
firm verifying the task is not associated
Appendices 51

Appendix C Instrumentation

NEBB Commissioning Instrumentation (IP Units)


Instrument Calibration
Function Minimum Range Accuracy Resolution
Nomenclature Interval
HVAC Cx Instruments (Certification Requirement)
Airflow Multimeter
5% of reading,
Digital 100 to 2,500 FPM 1 FPM
Air Velocity 7 FPM
12 months
5% of reading,
Analog NA 5 FPM
7 FPM
Rotating Vane
2% of reading
Air Velocity Anemometer 50 - 2500 FPM 1.0 FPM 12 months
4 FPM
(Analog/Digital)
Direct Reading 5% of reading
Air CFM 100 to 2,000 CFM Digital: 1.0 CFM 12 months
Hood (Digital) 7 CFM
(1 Required either
digital or analog) Direct Reading 5% of reading
100 to 2,000 CFM Not Applicable 12 months
Hood (Analog) 7 CFM

-30 inches hg to 60 psi 0.5 psi


Hydronic
Hydrometer 2% of reading
Pressure 0 to 100 psi 1.0 psi 12 months
(Digital) 1 psi
Measurement
0 to 200 psi 2.5 psi

2% of reading
Hydronic 0 to 100 inches WG 1.0 inches WG
Hydrometer 2 in. wg
Differential 12 months
(Digital) 2% of reading
Pressure 0 to 200 feet WG 1.0 feet WG
2 ft. wg
Hygrometer
Relative Humidity 10 to 90% RH 3% RH 1% 12 months
(Digital)

Air Differential Manometer 2% of reading 0.001 in WG < 1 inches WG


0 to 10 inches WG 12 months
Pressure (Digital) .001wg 0.01 in WG > 1 inches WG
Pitot Tubes Adequate length and
Velocity Pressure NA NA NA
2 Required width for intended use
Tachometer
Rotational Speed 2% of reading
Rotational Speed 0 to 5,000 RPM 1 RPM 12 months
- Dual Function 2 RPM
(Digital or Analog)
Thermometer (Digital or Analog)
0.5% of reading
Air -40F to 240F 0.2F
+1.4F
12 mo
Temperature 0.5% of reading 2% of
Immersion -40F to 240F 0.2F reading
+1.4F
0.2 ft. wg
0.5% of reading
Contact -40F to 240F 0.2F
+1.4F
52 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

NEBB Commissioning Instrumentation (IP Units)


Instrument Calibration
Function Minimum Range Accuracy Resolution
Nomenclature Interval

True RMS Multimeter

Amps and Volts 2% of reading


0 to 600 VAC 1.0 Volt
Measurement 5 Digits
Digital 12 months
2% of reading
0 to 100 Amps 0.1 Amp
5 Digits

Digital Camera Digital NA 4.0 Mega Pixels Min NA

Building Envelope Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Envelope Cx)

Thermal Sensitivity:
Thermal Image Temperature Accuracy:
-4 to +450F 0.1C @86F Note 3
Camera Measurement 2%, 3.6F
& 160x120

Electrical Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Electrical Cx)

Receptacle Circuit
Receptacle Tester 125VAC NA NA NA
Tester
Voltage Voltage Detector 50 1,000 VAC NA NA NA
+/-3% + 0.5%
Light Level Light Level Meter 0 - 40,000 Lumens 10 L Note 3
of Full Scale

Special Electrical Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Special Electrical Cx)

Meets Type 1 or Type 2 requirements specified in the current version of


Sound Level Sound Level Meter Note 3
ANSI S1.4 American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters

1. Instrumentation with multiple capabilities shall be accepted for more than one function when submitting
documentation for a firms certification, providing that each separate function meets NEBB requirements
2. Calibrations of all instrumentation requiring calibration shall be traceable to current NIST Standards for US
Firms, or equivalent organizations in other countries
3. Calibration as per manufacturers requirements
Appendices 53

NEBB Commissioning Instrumentation (SI Units)


Instrument Calibration
Function Minimum Range Accuracy Resolution
Nomenclature Interval

HVAC Cx Instruments (Certification Requirement)

Airflow Multimeter

5% of reading,
Air Velocity Digital 0.5 to 12.7 M/Sec 0.01 M/Sec
0.035 M/Sec
12 months
5% of reading,
Analog NA 0.025 M/Sec
0.035 M/Sec

Array-type Grid or
Air Velocity NA NA
Airfoil Probe

Rotating Vane
Air Velocity Anemometer 0.25 12.7 M/Sec 5% of reading 0.01 M/Sec 12 months
(Analog/Digital)

Direct Reading 5% of reading


Air CFM 50 to 950 L/Sec Digital: 0.50 L/Sec 12 months
Hood (Digital) 2.50 L/Sec
(1 Required either
digital or analog) Direct Reading 5% of reading,
50 to 950 L/Sec Not Applicable 12 months
Hood (Analog) 2.50 L/Sec

-102PA to 420 KPA 4 KPA


Hydronic
Hydrometer
Pressure 0 to 700 KPA 2% of reading 7 KPA 12 months
(Digital)
Measurement
0 to 1400 KPA 17 KPA

Hydronic 0 to 25 KPA 250 PA


Hydrometer
Differential 2% of reading 12 months
(Digital)
Pressure 0 to 300 KPA 3 KPA

Hygrometer
Relative Humidity 10 to 90% RH 2% RH 1% 12 months
(Digital)

Air Differential Manometer 2.5 PA < 250 PA


0 to 2.5 KPA 2% of reading 12 months
Pressure (Digital) 2.5 KPA > 250 PA

Tachometer
Rotational Speed -
Rotational Speed 0 to 5,000 RPM 2% of reading 5 RPM 12 months
Dual Function
(Digital or Analog)

Thermometer (Digital or Analog)

1% of reading
Air -40C to 115C 0.1C
plus 0.8C
Temperature
1% of reading
Immersion -40C to 115C 0.1C 12 months
plus 0.8C

1% of reading
Contact -40C to 115C 0.1C
plus 0.8C
54 NEBB BSC Procedural Standards

NEBB Commissioning Instrumentation (SI Units)


Instrument Calibration
Function Minimum Range Accuracy Resolution
Nomenclature Interval
True RMS Multimeter
2% of reading
Amps and Volts 0 to 600 VAC 1.0 Volt
5 Digits
Measurement Digital 12 months
2% of reading
0 to 100 Amps 0.1 Amp
5 Digits

Digital Camera Digital NA NA 4.0 Mega Pixels Min NA

Building Envelope Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Envelope Cx)
Thermal Sensitivity:
Thermal Image Temperature Accuracy:
-20 to + 233C 0.1C @30C Note 3
Camera Measurement 2% or 2C
& 160x120
Capacitance 0-100%
% Moisture NA NA Note 3
Moisture Meter Moisture Level
Electrical Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Electrical Cx)
Receptacle Circuit
Receptacle Tester 125 VAC NA NA NA
Tester
Voltage Voltage Detector 50 1,000 VAC NA NA NA
+/-3% + 0.5% of
Light Level Light Level Meter 0 - 40,000 Lux 1 FC Note 3
Full Scale
Special Electrical Cx Instruments (Required for Certification only if performing Special Electrical Cx)
Meets Type 1 or Type 2 requirements specified in the current version of
Sound Level Sound Level Meter Note 3
ANSI S1.4 American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters

1. Instrumentation with multiple capabilities shall be accepted for more than one function when submitting
documentation for a firms certification, providing that each separate function meets NEBB requirements
2. Calibrations of all instrumentation requiring calibration shall be traceable to current NIST Standards for US
Firms, or equivalent organizations in other countries
3. Calibration as per manufacturers requirements
NEBB
8575 Grovemont Circle
Gaithersburg, Maryland 20877
Tel 301-977-3698
Fax 301-977-9589
www.nebb.org