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Acute inflammation

Blood flow & permeability: increased

Plasma protein leakage: edema (exudate)
Neutrophil emigration

Infections (binding to receptors like TLRs & other cytoplasmic receptors)
Tissue necrosis (release of molecules like uric acid, HMGB-1, DNA, HIF-1alpha,
Foreign bodies (splinters, dirt, sutures): combi of the above two
Immune reactions: hypersensitivity or excessive response