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99e6 Definition of terms 1-8-03 15:18 Pagina 1

GEHO Info for sales representatives

Volume 9, No. 6, November 1999

Definition of terms

Confusing for overpressure alarm, trip and integral

pressure relief valve settings.
The indiscriminate use of the terms
design, maximum and rated by either Pump rated differential pressure

the purchaser or equipment manufactur- The maximum continuous operating

er is confusing with regard to their differential pressure for the specified
precise meaning, particularly in the service, which is excluding service
context of pressure capability of piston factors and allowances for overpressure
diaphragm pumps. protection and which is determined by
the combination power end/piston
API definition of terms diameter and/or the drive unit. Spelling
out the difference between differential
With regard to pressure, API standard and discharge pressure is relevant for
674 provides the following definitions: applications where the pump is subject-
Rated discharge pressure
ed to varying high suction pressure
The required discharge pressure of the during operation.
pump at rated capacity, speed, suction
pressure, specific gravity and viscosity Operating conditions
(clause 1.4.21).
GEHO PUMPS also suggests that the
Maximum allowable working purchaser's specifications quantify the
pressure minimum, normal and maximum operat-
The maximum continuous pressure for ing discharge, suction and differential
which the manufacturer has designed pressure. Their specification will assist
the pump when handling the specified GEHO in the proper understanding of
fluid at the specified
temperature and
capacity (clause 1.4.7)

Rated pressure
rated pressure

The term rated is used

in conjunction with equip-
ment offering only. For a
clearer definition,GEHO
uses the following termi-
Pump rated dis-
charge pressure
Engineering The maximum continu-
Solutions ous operating discharge capacity
pressure for the speci-
fied service, which is Typical piston diaphragm pump performance curve.
excluding allowances
99e6 Definition of terms 1-8-03 15:18 Pagina 2

the duty requirements and ensure that sure of the liquid (fluid) end of a GEHO
an appropriate pump size and rating is crankshaft driven piston diaphragm
furnished to the project. pump shall be at least equal to the inter-
nal pressure relief valve setting. This set-
Design pressure ting is 1.15 to 1.20 times the rated (i.e.
maximum specified) discharge pressure.
To conform with API standard 674
(clause 1.4.26), it is suggested that the MAWP power end
term design should be used only by the
equipment manufacturer and not in the The power end is designed for a contin-
purchaser's specifications. Where uous piston rod load. At this load, the
appropriate, GEHO will advise the anti-friction roller bearings used through-
design values to quantify the proven out will have a L-10 life suitable for these
capabilities of the pump liquid end and applications.
power end. Hence the margins build into The maximum allowable continuous rod
the pump, which GEHO is proposing to load shall not be exceeded by the rated
furnish. The definitions are as follows: discharge pressure acting upon the
selected piston diameter. The maximum
Pump design discharge pressure
allowable continuous rod load is exclud-
The maximum continuous operating ing allowances for overpressure alarm,
discharge pressure for which GEHO trip and integral pressure relief valve set-
has designed the liquid end, which is tings.
excluding allowances for overpressure
alarm, trip and integral pressure relief MAWP motor driver
valve settings.
The motor driver is tripped at 1.10 times
Pump design differential pressure the rated discharge pressure. An alarm
The maximum continuous operating is generated at 1.05 times the rated dis-
differential pressure for which GEHO charge pressure.
has designed the power end with speci- Hence, the maximum allowable continu-
fied piston diameter, which is excluding ous working pressure for motor load
service factors and allowances for over- equals the rated discharge pressure.
pressure protection. It is suggested that the term maximum
allowable working pressure is not
MAWP used to define capabilities of a piston
The maximum allowable working diaphragm pump.
pressure is a term used in conjunction
with pressure retaining components. As GEHO PUMPS believes that the com-
such it does not fully describe the capa- mon use of the subject terms may help
bilities of a piston diaphragm pump. A avoid misapplication of its pumps.
piston diaphragm pump has three differ-
ent elements, each with its own maxi-
mum allowable (continuous) working
Excellent pressure. These are the liquid end, pow- Weir Netherlands b.v.
Engineering er end and drive unit. P.O. Box 249, NL-5900 AE Venlo
Solutions Phone: +31(0)77-3895200
Fax: +31(0)77-3824844
MAWP liquid end Email:, Website:

The maximum allowable working pres- Copyright Weir Netherlands b.v.