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# MATHEMATICS II: HOMEWORK EXERCISES

Exercise 1:

You pick, without replacement, three cards at random out of a deck of 52 cards. Let X be
the number of different suits (diamonds, spades, hearts, clubs) you have picked.

a)Give a sample space and probability measure that describe this experiment. Also describe
an event space which might be of relevance in this experiment.

## b)Determine the probability mass function of the discrete random variable X.

Exercise 2:

Suppose that 3 stations want to transmit packets over a shared communication channel. Time
is divided into timeslots. In each timeslot, each station, independently of the other stations,
transmits a packet over the channel with probability . If exactly one station transmits a
packet over the channel, then the transmission is successfull. However, if two or more stations
transmit a packet in the same timeslot, then a collision occurs and all the transmitted packets
during the timeslot are lost.

## a)How should we choose if we want to maximize the expected number of successfully

transmitted packets in a timeslot?

b)How should we choose if we want to minimize the expected number of lost packets in a
timeslot?

Assume that for each transmitted packet we earn one unit of money and for each lost packet
we loose one unit of money.

Exercise 3:

## The length, X, of a phone call is exponentially distributed with parameter = 1. A phone

company charges 10 cents per minute. For any fraction of a minute at the end of a call, the
company charges a full minute. Let Y be the number of minutes you have to pay for at the
end of the call (and hence 10 Y are the costs of the phone call).

a)Determine the probability mass function of the random variable Y . Clearly show the

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Exercise 4:

## The random variable X has probability density function

x
4,
0 x 2,
fX (x) = 1 x4 , 2 x 4,

0, otherwise.

## Furthermore, define the random variable Y = g(X), with

1,
x 1,
g(x) = x, 1 < x 3,

3, x > 3.

a)Give the cumulative distribution function FX (x) and expected value E(X) of the random
variable X.

b)Determine the cumulative distribution function FY (y) and expected value E(Y ) of the
random variable Y .

c) Is the random variable Y a discrete, continuous or mixed random variable. Clearly explain