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:
Michael J. Minnicino
New Dark Age:
Frankfurt School and Political Correctness
Fidelio, vol.1, No1, 1992;
-HTML;
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78 (Alma Mahler, 1879_1964) - ,
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87 (Rainer Maria [von] Rilke),1875-
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79 (Gropius, 1883_1969), 88 , Gustav Landauer, 1870-1919,
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107 " " (New Age) . . 13, . 37.
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108 (Erich Pinchas Fromm, 1900-80)
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, 1895-1973
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112 - (Alexis de Tocqueville, 1805-

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1856)_1848 . (..) 114 (Max Horkheimer, 1895-
113 (Iohannes Kepler; 1571-1630), 1973)
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1930- , 44 , A-S- () F- ().

, " "

("authoritarian"), "- (Rensis Lickerts's methodology of weighting results),

" ("revolutionary") " ,

" ("ambivalent") "

. ",

, - .

, ,

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, :

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33
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, .. "proton pseudos"[
, . , ].
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, , ,
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Disease" (,
, ) :
. " , ,

. , " [!].


, ,
,
, " " .
, .

"Origins of

Totalitarianism" ( ),
.


,
,
.
,

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" " ,
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"Eichmann in

34
Jerusalem" ( ):

, " " (thought crime) ,


116
, ,
1984, " " (volitional
, -
crime) ,

, , 117 1930-
.
.


. - ,

, ,

"Cult Awareness Network (CAN)" ,


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,

"Anti-Defamation League" (
- ,
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,

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,
4 .
,

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; (paternalistic extremism).

,

. (, . .

116 , George Orwell, Eric Arthur
, ; Blair, 1903_50, , ,
, " " .
(.)
115 . 4. 117 , Roland Freisler, 1893-1945,
, . 26. . (.)
35
, " " (Trial of
Socrates) ). , : . .
,
(Neilsen), (Gallup)

(Roper). "
,
" ( )
,
.
"Cult Awareness Network (CAN)" (
, - "
) "Anti-Defamation League"
( ), " (" ") . 1936

" " . ,

1988 , ,

, , ,
,

,

; ,
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,
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.
(Bryan),

: " , 1930- "


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; ,
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. 1930- ;
,
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36
118 "".
, 1991
; .
, ,
-. ,

, - .
,
. -
. -
. 1950-60- -
, -
, ,

- . "", ;
"- [1992 .] ,
", , 1988
"Willy Horton"- -
. , " "119. ,

(Sylvester "Pat" Weaver), --- , -
(NBC). -,
, " " 1930- -
("listening behavior"), 1930- ,
" ,
", Young & .
Rubicam -, ---
?
,
. ,
.

, , ,

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, ,

: .

, , , ,

118 B Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborne. 119 : "flag-burning amendment". (..)
37
, ;
. 1942 , " (Bateson), (Mead)
" (OSS) (
)
, (Schlesinger), ,
, .
(Baxters) , ,
(Research and Analysis Branch ,
(R&A)), (Intelligence ,
Division) . 1944 , ,
(R&A) . 1944 ,
,
, . (Hughes), " ",
, :
" ,
", . .

(Schorske); , , -
/ .
, (Neimann), , R&A-
;
, (Baran) , .
(Kirchheimer), " ,
" . , .
(Lowenthal) 1945 ,
- ; .
, . , 1950
. R&A - -
: , , -
, , .
, ; "
. (Brown), -
1960- , ...
,
(Reich) "" , "
" ; ".
(Moore) , ,
,

38
, ,
,
, , .
. 1949 532 ,
" , 1950-
" ( .
1978 ).
,
:
; ,
, (Gadamer)
, 120,
, 1960-
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,
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.

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, ,
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. .

,
. R&A-
,
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,
. , -
,

,
120 (Jrgen Habermas,
1928)_ .
; , (.)
39
IV. :

,
.
,

[]
- ,
1989 , - 121,
"
,
"
,
(Dilthey),
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
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.
: ,
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, deus ex machina; ..
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- ,
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121 Hans-Georg Gadamer, 1900-2002,
: ,
. (.)
40
, ,
, ,
,
.) .
, , ,
, :
"", ,
, ,
(feeling states) ,
- (psychologically . , 1960
primary). , 1930- , " ,
"
, , . ,
, 1960-
,
Kulturpessimismus- [ ] ,
. , , 122
123,

, "
",
; , ,
, .
,
, II
. , "
, ; ,
-
; 1945 ",
. . , "",
, ,
,
, , ,
, .
, . ,
,
,
, , 122 : Berkeley Free Speech Movement. (..)
123 : Port Huron Statement. ""
,
. (..)
41
,
(CIA 124) 125 MK-Ultra. -
LSD-

1960 -

, ,

. (OSS)

, . . ,

" 127,

" - (OSS) ,

, (),

126. LSD- ""

, .. "/"- 128.

. ,

1950- , 129 - "Grateful Dead"130

, - . "

, " ,

(LSD) , 131,

. 1957 Life- (

132


, 127 Gregory Bateson, 1904-1980, /
, , ,
124 Central Intelligence Agency . (..)
. 128 , Irwin Allen Ginsberg, 1926-
"--"(CIA) , 97, . (.)
"--"() (..) 129 , Ken Kesey, 1935-2001,
125 (Psychedelic drugs) -. (.)
, 130 Grateful Dead (" "),
, -, Jefferson Airplane
; . _+- , .. .
. (.)
.. LSD 131 Timothy Leary, 1920-96,
Lysergic acid diethylamide; 1950 , .
.. "", (rave) ,
, -, .
"" [] . :
,
, "" , , . (.)
. (..) 132 , Henry Robinson Luce, 1898-1967,
126 , . (..)
42
, ; 133,

, 1968
)
, , ,
. 1977 LSD- :
"" "
: ", , ,
--- ". , "
, [ . .].
, ,
, ,
, ,
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""- New Age 134 ,

, , Ascona, 1920 135.

. , 136 "
, 30 "
, - , 137 1905
: ", 30- ,
. ".
, 1960-
,
. , 1960- .


,
. , , 1960-
. , ,
1964 " 1960-
" , 20- "
- , ,
133 Lucien Goldmann, 1913-70, -
, , . (.)
, 30 .
134 . . 13, . 37.
135 . 1, . 17.
136 Thomas Emmet Hayden, .1939,
. (.)
137 Rupert Brooke, 1887-1915, ,
.
.
. ,
Time, 1923. (.) . (.)
43
", "Eros and Civilization", .
1955 ,
. ,
, -
, -
Kulturpessimismus 138 , .. "- ,
" . 139 , , .
, ,
. , ,
:
. , "
,
, ". : "
- (dimension): - , ,
. ,
,
,
(creative play instinct). , ...".
-
- " " ("Great Refusal")
,
, ""
" - , ""
" . (1964) "- ".
"One-Dimensional Man" (- " " ,
), " " (aesthetic
, - ethos)",
, - , " "
( , 1960-
". , ).
- ,
" ", , 1960-
, ,
,
, 139 , Wilhelm Reich, 1897-1957,
/ .
;
138 . Kulturpessimismus=Kultur+pessimismus; ,
,
. (..) . (.)
44
,
. " , "orgone "
" 1961 . ..
, ; 1966 (primary education)
, , , .. 142

: ", " ("Make (Neill) . 1930-


Love, Not War" 140). ,
: " , , -
" [ ]. 1969 ,
, " " ,
,
" " 141. . 1960 ,
" , "" (Summerhill 143) 24

, . 1968 100 ,
1970 2 . 1970 ,
". 600

. (Brown), .
(OSS), ,
"Life Against Death" (1959, .
) "Love's Body"
(1966, ) ,
. ,
.
- - ,
" -"; .
, , ,
, , "" ,
" ".
142 , Alexander Sutherland
, Neill, 1883-1973, ,
.. " "
.
.
, .
; , . . . 143. (.)
143 Summerhill,
,
140 "Make Love" .. :
: ,
, ,
. , , ,
. . . (..) (..
141 . 140- . (..) ) . (..)
45
, . , ;
, , 145 "Sexual Politics" (1970;
VI- , 1969 , ) 146

, (Greer) "The Female Eunuch" (1971,


( ),
, , 44, 139
.
):

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;
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, -20 . ) . -20

60-70
. "bra-burner" -
, " "; ,
,
" . (..)
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. 1934 . . (.)
() 144 , 146 , Germaine Greer, . 1939 .
/
144 .
(suffrage movement; -19 . . (.)
46
, ". : ,
.
.
,

- .
. - ,
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147, . , -
.
. , , 1960-
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, :
.

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. :
"Nightmare on Elm Street" (
; ,
) "Total Recall"
,
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, , ,
. (.) ,
148 . . 3 , . 3 7 . .
47
, , , ,
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, ,
.

. ,
. ,
[ ], .

48