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Design of Ground Anchors

Soil Properties

Soil Type Medium Dense Sand m


Depth of Excavation 14.4
Unit Weight of Soil 19 KN/m3
No. of Anchors 3
Angle of Friction 31 0.54 Surcharge load 12.5 KN/m2
Ka 0.320
Horizontal Spacing B/W
Anchors
1.700 m
Zmin 4.500 m
Angle of Inclination 15.000 0.26
Angle of Potential Failure
Plane
60.500 1.06

Vetical Distances B/W Anchors Load Calculations

H1 (From Top Ground Level) 2.5 m Total Load 819.74 KN/m


H2 3.9 m
Earth Pressure 67.19 KN/m2
H3 3.9 m Surcharge Pressure 4.00 KN/m2
H4 4.1 m Subgrade Reaction Force 59.86 KN/m
0 0 m

Depth of Bottom Anchor


From Final Excavation Level
4.1 m FOS and Load Transfer Rates

Load Transfer Rate


100.00 KN/m
(From Table)
Ultimate Bond Strength
400.00 KPa
(From Table)

For Bonded and Unbonded Length Calculation F.O.S. 2

x 2.88 Dia of Drill Holes 0.064 m

X1 8.72

X2 6.80 Properties of Steel Strands

ASTM Grade of Nominal Area


X3 4.89 Dia of Strand (mm) SMTS (fu) (MPa) 0.6 fuAs (KN)
Strand (mm^2)

X4 0.00 270 15 98.7 1861.4 110.23

Properties of Steel Bars

ASTM Grade of Nominal Area


Dia of Bar (mm) SMTS (fu) (MPa) 0.6fuAs (KN)
Bar (mm^2)

150 36 1019 1034.1 632.2

Design Anchor Unbonded Length Provided No. of Steel Bars (Qualify


Anchor No. Horizontal Anchor Load (KN/m) Bonded Length (m) Total Length (m) Reauired No. of Strands
Load (KN) (m) Strands or Not)

260.82 9.03 9.18 18.21 4.16 5 OK


1 459.03

7.04 9.77 16.82 4.43 5 OK


2 277.65 488.66

5.06 9.82 14.88 4.46 5 OK


3 279.03 491.09

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5


0 0.00 0.00

Trumpet opening from table 102 mm


Design of Ground Anchors

Soil Properties

Soil Type Stiff to Fissured Clay m


Depth of Excavation 4.27
Unit Weight of Soil 16 KN/m3
No. of Anchors 1
Undrained Shear
95.7 KPa KN/m2
Strength Surcharge load 12
Ka 1.000 Stability Number Ns 0.71
Horizontal Spacing
B/W Anchors
1.000 m Empirical Factor m 1.00
Zmin 4.500 m
Angle of Inclination 15.000 0.26
Angle of Potential
Failure Plane
45.000 0.79

Vetical Distances B/W Anchors Load Calculations

H1 (From Top Ground


m
Level) 2.5 Total Load 87.52 KN/m
H2 1.77 m
Earth Pressure 30.74 KN/m2
0 0 m Surcharge Pressure 12.00 KN/m2
0 0 m Subgrade Reaction Force 98.14 KN/m
0 0 m
Depth of Bottom
Anchor From Final 1.77 m FOS and Load Transfer Rates
Excavation Level
Load Transfer Rate (From
60.00 KN/m
Table)
Ultimate Bond Strength
0.00 KPa
(From Table)
F.O.S. 2
For Bonded and Unbonded Length
Dia of Drill Holes 0.064 m
Calculation

x 1.5

X1 7.46 Properties of Steel Strands

ASTM Grade of Nominal Area


X2 0.00 Dia of Strand (mm) SMTS (fu) (MPa) 0.6 fuAs (KN)
Strand (mm^2)

X3 0.00 270 15 98.7 1861.4 110.23

X4 0.00 Properties of Steel Bars

Nominal Area
ASTM Grade of Bar Dia of Bar (mm) SMTS (fu) (MPa) 0.6fuAs (KN)
(mm^2)

150 26 548 1034.1 340.0

Horizontal Anchor Load Design Anchor Unbonded Length Reauired No. of Provided No. of Steel Bars (Qualify
Anchor No. Bonded Length (m) Total Length (m)
(KN/m) Load (KN) (m) Strands Strands or Not)

1 167.47 173.38 7.73 5.78 13.51 1.57 2 OK

0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

Trumpet opening from table 89 mm