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SOLIDWORKS

SOLIDWORKS Flow Simulation

Dassault Systmes SolidWorks Corporation


175 Wyman Street
Waltham, MA 02451 U.S.A.
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Mass. 02451 USA. All Rights Reserved.
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Contents

Introduction
About This Course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Course Design Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Using this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Lessons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
About the Training Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Windows 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Conventions Used in this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Use of Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
User Interface Appearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
More SOLIDWORKS Training Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Local User Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Lesson 1:
Creating a SOLIDWORKS Flow Simulation Project
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Case Study: Manifold Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

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Contents SOLIDWORKS

Model Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Internal Flow Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
External Flow Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Manifold Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Lids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Lid Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Manual Lid Creation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Adding a Lid to a Part File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Adding a Lid to an Assembly File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Checking the Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Internal Fluid Volume. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Invalid Contacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Project Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Reference Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Exclude Cavities Without Flow Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Adiabatic Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Roughness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Computational Domain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Mesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Load Results Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Monitoring the Solver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Goal Plot Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Warning Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Post-processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Scaling the Limits of the Legend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Changing Legend Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Lesson 2:
Meshing
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Case Study: Chemistry Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Project Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Computational Mesh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Basic Mesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Initial Mesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Geometry Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Minimum gap Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Minimum wall thickness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Result Resolution/Level of Initial Mesh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Manual Global Mesh Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Control Planes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

ii
SOLIDWORKS Contents

Exercise 1: Square Ducting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72


Exercise 2: Thin Walled Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Exercise 3: Heat Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Exercise 4: Meshing Valve Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Boundary Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Lesson 3:
Thermal Analysis
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Case Study: Electronics Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Project Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Fans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Fan Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Perforated Plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Free Area Ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Exercise 5: Materials with Orthotropic Thermal Conductivity . . . . 108
Lesson 4:
External Transient Analysis
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Case Study: Flow Around a Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Reynolds Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
External Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Transient Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Turbulence Intensity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Solution Adaptive Mesh Refinement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Two Dimensional Flow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Computational Domain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Calculation Control Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Finishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Refinement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Solving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Drag Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Unsteady Vortex Shedding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Time Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Exercise 6: Electronics Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

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Contents SOLIDWORKS

Lesson 5:
Conjugate Heat Transfer
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Case Study: Heated Cold Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Project Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Conjugate Heat Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Real Gases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Goals Plot in the Solver Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Exercise 7: Heat Exchanger with Multiple Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Lesson 6:
EFD Zooming
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Case Study: Electronics Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Project Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
EFD Zooming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
EFD Zooming - Computational Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Lesson 7:
Porous Media
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Case Study: Catalytic Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Porous Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Permeability Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Dummy Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Design Modification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Exercise 8: Channel Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

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SOLIDWORKS Contents

Lesson 8:
Rotating Reference Frames
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Rotating Reference Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Part 1: Averaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Case Study: Table Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Part 2: Sliding Mesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Case Study: Blower Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Tangential Faces of Rotors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Time Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Lesson 9:
Parametric Study
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
Case Study: Piston Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Stages in the Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Parametric Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Steady State Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Parametric study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Part 1: Goal Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Input Variable Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Target Value Dependence Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Output Variable Initial Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Running Optimization Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Part 2: Design Scenario. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Part 3: Multi parameter Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Exercise 9: Variable Geometry Dependent Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Boundary Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Lesson 10:
Cavitation
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Case Study: Cone Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Cavitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229

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Contents SOLIDWORKS

Lesson 11:
Relative Humidity
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Case Study: Cook House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
Lesson 12:
Particle Trajectory
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Case Study: Hurricane Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Particle Trajectories - Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Particle Study - Physical Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Particle Study - Wall Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Exercise 10: Uniform Flow Stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Lesson 13:
Supersonic Flow
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Supersonic Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Case Study: Conical Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Drag Coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Shock Waves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
Lesson 14:
FEA Load Transfer
Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Case Study: Billboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Problem Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264

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