You are on page 1of 7

US 20070039853Al

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2007/0039853 A1
Angulo Aramburu (43) Pub. Date: Feb. 22, 2007

(54) METHOD FOR REGENERATING USED OILS Publication Classi?cation


BY DEMETALLIZATION AND
DISTILLATION (51) Int. Cl.
C10M 175/00 (2006.01)
(75) Inventor: Jeronimo Angulo Aramburu, Tres (52) US. Cl. ............................................................ .. 208/179
Cantos (ES)
Correspondence Address:
KATTEN MUCHIN ROSENMAN LLP (57) ABSTRACT
575 MADISON AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10022-2585 (US)
_ The present invention refers to a method for the regeneration
(73) Ass1gnee: SENER GRUPO DE INGENIERIA, - - - - _
s-A" Tres Cantos (Madrid) (ES) of used petroleum OllS Wh1ch comprises the folloWmg steps.
(a) demetalliZation of the used mineral oil by means of
(21) APP1- NOJ 105735012 chemical treatment of said oil With an aqueous solution of
_ a chemical reagent containing anions Which form loW
(22) PCT Flled: seP' 23 2004 solubility salts With the metals of the oil, followed by the
separation of the demetalliZed oil;
(86) PCT No.: PCT/ES04/00418
(b) distillation of the demetalliZed oil obtained in step (a) at
371(c)(1), atmospheric pressure and in the presence of alkaline
(2), Date: Mar. 22, hydroxides; and
(30) Foreign Application Priority Data (0) distillation of the bottom liquid obtained in the atmo
spheric distillation in step (h) under Vacuum and in the
Sep. 23, 2003 (ES) ................................... .. P 200302203 presence of alkaline hydroxides to obtain lubricant bases.

IT 3
V V D ->

I 5
y" > A > B > E > F > 6

Q 7

9 4--_ | _ H 8

1D I

11 < J k G

12 i I
13 I
Patent Application Publication Feb. 22, 2007 US 2007/0039853 A1

__|
12
13

FIG. 1
US 2007/0039853 A1 Feb. 22, 2007

METHOD FOR REGENERATING USED OILS BY Thus, in patent DE 3433336 (BUSS AG, 1985) treatment
DEMETALLIZATION AND DISTILLATION With alkaline hydroxides is employed on the used oils before
proceeding to the separation of the additives and asphalts by
FIELD OF THE INVENTION distillation.

[0001] The invention, in general, is associated With the [0009] Other methods use alkaline treatment of the lubri
regeneration of used oils; an industrial operation Which cant fractions obtained after separating the additives and
consists in recovering the base oils by separating them from asphalts by distillation (US 4834868, F. J. Lappin 1989, and
the additives, from their degradation products and from the WO 9826031, Sotulub, Tunisia 1997); or by extraction With
contaminants acquired during its use or collection. More solvents and distillation (PCT/ES02/00354 Sener, Spain
speci?cally, the invention refers to a method for regenerating 2002), achieving in this Way lubricant bases Which do not
used petroleum oils by demetalliZation and distillation. require ?nal re?ning treatments by acid/earths or hydroge
nation.
[0002] The re?ned petroleum oils Which are used to make
lubricants and other industrial oils are called lubricant bases. [0010] HoWever, no antecedents have been about methods
Which use treatments With alkaline hydroxides before, dur
[0003] The lubricants and other industrial oils are formu ing or after chemical demetalliZation of used oils.
lated by mixing the lubricant bases With additives, some of
Which contain metals (Ca, Zn, etc.), Which confer them the [0011] The present invention consists in a method of
qualities demanded by the service they have to provide chemical demetalliZation folloWed by a distillation process
(resistance to oxidation, to shearing and to temperature, of the demetalliZed product in the presence of alkaline
emulsifying and anti-foaming properties, loW variability of hydroxides, both carried out at moderate temperatures in
viscosity With temperature, etc.). such conditions that lubricant bases are obtained With good
characteristics of odour and colour, acidity and copper
[0004] The discarded oils, after their use in motors and
corrosion test and complying With other typical speci?ca
other machines, are called used oils. The regeneration of
tions of lubricant bases of ?rst re?ning.
used oils consists in recovering the lubricant bases by
separating them from the additives as Well as from their
degradation products (lighter petroleum fractions such as OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
naphtha and gas-oil, and heavier ones such as asphalts and [0012] The present invention has as its objective to regen
coke) and the contaminants acquired in their use or collec erate used oils by means of a chemical demetallization
tion, in garages and petrol stations, such as Water, glycols process Which does not require costly treatments by hydro
and solvents. genation or by acid and earths, to obtain lubricant bases
Which comply Which the speci?cations of virgin base oils.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0013] The objective of the method is also to carry out the
[0005] The separation of the additives, degradation prod regeneration under moderate temperature conditions in a
ucts and contaminants of used oils is normally carried out by Way Which Will avoid fouling of the equipment and the need
distillation methods. In the patent WO 9407798 (Viscolube for frequent cleaning in installations for used oil treatment.
Italiana Sp, 1994) a typical distillation method is described
Which uses high temperatures under vacuum distillation [0014] LikeWise it is the objective of the method that the
(around 3500 C.) With the aim of breaking doWn the addi regeneration is carried out Without producing emissions and
tives, Which also deteriorates the lubricant bases, Which odours and Without generating polluting solid Wastes (acid
acquire colour and odour and contain oxygenated products. residues, adsorbent earths, etc.).
To obtain quality lubricant bases by distillation at high [0015] Finally, it is also the objective of the present
temperature it is necessary to use ?nal re?ning treatments invention to carry out the regeneration of used oils by means
With acid and earths or by hydrogenation, Which are onerous of a continuous industrial process Which should require a
and complicated. loW investment and have moderate operational costs, With
[0006] Also, the high temperatures employed cause foul high returns, With the aim of making competitive installa
ing of the industrial equipment, Which involves stopping the tions of moderate capacity (15,000-30,000 t/y).
process for cleaning.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
[0007] As an alternative to the separation of the additives INVENTION
by distillation, the chemical demetalliZation has been devel
oped by reacting the metal additives of the used oil With [0016] The present invention provides a method for the
reagents that form metal salts. Thus, in the patent US. Pat. regeneration of used mineral oils for obtaining lubricant
No. 4,247,389 (Phillips Petroleum US, 1981) the used oil is bases Which comprises the folloWing steps:
treated With solutions of ammonium phosphate at tempera
tures of 320-4200 C. HoWever, the demetalliZation treatment [0017] (a) demetalliZation of the used mineral oil by
at these temperatures and the subsequent distillation of the means of chemical treatment of said oil With an aque
demetalliZed oil also produce odour and colour and yield ous solution of a chemical reagent containing anions
unstable products, Which require treating the bases obtained Which form loW solubility salts With the metals of the
by hydrogenation or by adsorbents, With the already indi oil, folloWed by the separation of the demetalliZed oil;
cated disadvantages of these ?nal re?ning processes.
[0018] (b) distillation of the demetalliZed oil obtained in
[0008] On the other hand, there are some references to the step (a) at atmospheric pressure and in the presence of
use of alkaline hydroxides in the regeneration of used oils. alkaline hydroxides; and
US 2007/0039853 A1 Feb. 22, 2007

[0019] (c) distillation of the bottom liquid obtained in [0028] Likewise, it has been veri?ed that When the oils
the atmospheric distillation of step (b) under vacuum demetalliZed in this Way are distilled at moderate tempera
and in the presence of alkaline hydroxides to obtain tures in the presence of alkaline hydroxides, lubricant bases
lubricant bases. of a quality equal to that of virgin bases of ?rst re?ning is
achieved, avoiding the ?nal treatments With acid and earths
[0020] Said method can be carried out in continuous mode or by hydrogenation, Which are necessary When using high
or discontinuous mode, preferably in continuous mode. temperatures in the demetalliZation and in the distillation.
[0021] The term loW solubility salts in the context of the [0029] Therefore, in another embodiment of the method of
invention refers to salts Which tend to precipitate in the the invention, in step (b) the demetalliZed oil is distilled
medium in Which they are dissolved. continuously at atmospheric pressure in the presence of
[0022] It has been veri?ed experimentally that the elimi alkaline hydroxides, so that the remains of Water, light
nation of the metals from the additives takes place With hydrocarbons and solvents are distilled, together With the
reasonable demetalliZation yields (achieving a content in ammonia released by the effect of the alkaline hydroxides.
metals of about 100 ppm), When the oils are treated With
[0030] In another particular embodiment, the distillate is
ammonium phosphates (mono or diammonium) at moderate
subjected to condensation, folloWed by decanting, in such a
temperatures (120-180 C.). This enables the operation to be Way that an organic phase is obtained Which contains light
carried out Without deterioration of the base oils, by avoid
hydrocarbons and solvents, and an aqueous phase Which
ing the temperatures described in the literature (around 350 contains ammonia. The non-condensables of the distillate
C.) for achieving high demetalliZation yields (content in are Washed With Water or With an aqueous solution of an acid
metals less than 10 ppm). Other ammonium salts, Whose
to retain the ammonia in aqueous solution, Which is added
anions have the property of forming insoluble or loW solu
to the aqueous ammonia phase obtained previously.
bility salts in Water With metals present in used oils, are
equally effective as reagents in the demetalliZation. Thus, for [0031] In order to carry out this atmospheric distillation in
example, besides the already mentioned mono- and diam a simple Way and to subject the product to the least possible
monium phosphate, triammonium phosphate, the mono- and degradation, this operation of distillation at atmospheric
diammonium sulphates, ammonium bisulphate and ammo pressure is carried out by indirect heating by means of a
nium polyphosphates or mixtures of these salts Whose thermal ?uid at temperatures beloW 300 C. Preferably, said
anions form insoluble or loW solubility salts With the metals atmospheric distillation is carried out in a continuous Way
of the additives (mainly Ca, Zn and Mg) or With other metals subjecting the demetalliZed oil to ?ash vaporisation at
present in used oils (Pb, Fe, Cu and others) can be used. temperatures betWeen 200 and 300 C.
[0023] So, in a particular embodiment of the method of the [0032] In another embodiment of the invention, in step (c)
invention, the chemical reagent employed in step (a) is an the bottom liquid obtained in the atmospheric distillation of
ammonium salt; said reagent being used in a proportion of step (b) is distilled continuously under vacuum in a recti?
0.5% to 5% by Weight of ammonium salt in relation to the cation column in the presence of alkaline hydroxides, pref
used oil. erably at a pressure betWeen 2 and 10 mbar at the top of the
[0024] In another particular embodiment, said ammonium column and a column feed temperature betWeen 310 and
salt contains anions of the phosphate and sulphate groups, 335 C., obtaining as side cuts a vacuum gas-oil, one or
and can be mono-ammonium or diammonium phosphate, or several fractions of lubricant bases and a bottom With
mono-ammonium or diammonium sulphate, or a mixture characteristics of fuel-oil or an asphalt component.
thereof.
[0033] LikeWise, in the method of the invention, for
[0025] In a particular embodiment of the method of the carrying out the vacuum distillation of step (c) under mild
invention, the chemical treatment of step (a) is carried out in conditions (temperatures loWer than 330 C.), the fraction
a continuous Way in tubular reactors, or in one or several ating column operates preferably at loW pressure (2 to 10
Well-mixed reactors in series or in a combination of both mbar in the head), With loW pressure loss (packed column
systems, and in Which the reaction is carried out at tempera instead of valve or perforated plates) and by heating the feed
tures betWeen 120 C. and 180 C., at pressures betWeen 3 to the column by means of a thermal oil at a temperature less
and 11 bar and With residence times between 10 and 120 than 385 C. in a tubular heat exchanger, designed for high
minutes. ?uid velocity in the tubes.
[0026] In another embodiment of the invention, the sepa [0034] Similarly, the atmospheric distillation of step (b) is
ration of step (a) is carried out continuously by means of an preferably performed in a tubular heat exchanger With high
adiabatic decompression Which produces ?ash vaporisation, ?uid velocity through the tubes, a thermal oil preferably at
so that at least a part of the Water and the light hydrocarbons a temperature less than 300 C. being the heating ?uid Which
and solvents is vaporised. These light hydrocarbons and circulates outside these tubes.
solvents are collected and decanted after their condensation.
[0035] So, in a particular embodiment of the invention, the
[0027] The liquid obtained after the decompression and distillations of steps (b) and (c), that is, the distillation at
?ash vaporisation is cooled and separated into a sludge atmospheric pres sure and the vacuum distillation, are carried
Which containing the metal salts, an aqueous phase With out in tubular heat exchangers, in Which the demetalliZed oil
excess of reagent and the demetalliZed oil. The separation of obtained in step (a), or the bottom liquid obtained in the
the demetalliZed oil from the sludge of metal salts is carried atmospheric distillation of step (b), circulates at high speed
out preferably by continuous centrifugation in one or tWo inside the tubes and in Which the heating ?uid on the outside
steps in series. of these tubes is a thermal oil Which circulates preferably at
US 2007/0039853 A1 Feb. 22, 2007

temperatures lower than 3000 C. in the atmospheric distil to retain the ammonia Which is added to the aqueous
lation and loWer than 3850 C. in the vacuum distillation. ammonia solution (10) obtained previously.
[0036] Another characteristic of the method claimed is the [0045] The bottom of the atmospheric distillation, option
use of proportions of alkaline hydroxides betWeen 0.5% and ally With a second addition of alkaline hydroxide (8), is
5% by Weight of oil, higher than that described in the subjected to recti?cation in a vacuum distillation column (I),
literature (generally loWer than 0.5% by Weight), since thus separating a vacuum gas-oil (11), one or several side
su?icient hydroxide is required to displace the ammonia in cuts of lubricant bases (12) (SN-150 and SN-350, for
the demetalliZed oil. example) and a column bottom (13) Which has characteris
tics of fuel-oil or of an asphalt component.
[0037] Thus, in another particular embodiment of the
method of the invention, the alkaline hydroxide used in steps EXAMPLES
(b) and (c) is sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide or
a mixture of both, Which is added in a proportion of 0.5% to [0046] The examples Which are shoWn beloW illustrate the
5% by Weight in relation to the demetalliZed oil, more method With their embodiment not necessarily constituting
preferably in a proportion of 0.5% to 3%, so that said the limits of the possibilities of the invention.
addition is carried out completely before the atmospheric [0047] As used oil a product is employed With the folloW
distillation, or a part before the atmospheric distillation and ing characteristics:
a part before the vacuum distillation.
[0048] Colour: dark
DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES
[0049] Viscosity (ASTM D 445) at 1000 c.; 13.3 cSt.
[0038] FIG. 1 attached illustrates the method of the inven
tion, carried out continuously, as is described beloW: [0050] Water (ASTM D 95): 5% by Weight
[0039] The current of used oil to be regenerated (1) and the [0051] Metals: 3,500 ppm (Ca 1,750 ppm, Zn 854 ppm).
chemical reagent (2), an aqueous solution of ammonium
[0052] Distillation ASTM D 1160
phosphate, for example, are introduced into the reaction
device (A) Where they react to form metal salts. [0053] I.P.=228 c.
[0040] As has been mentioned previously, the reaction [0054] F.P.=520 c.
device (A) could be a tubular reactor, one or several agitated
reactors in series, or a combination of both, Where the [0055] Distilled volume: 88%
reaction is preferably carried out at pressure and continu
ously. Example No. 1 (Conventional DemetalliZation and
[0041] The product Which ?oWs from the reaction device Distillation Treatment)
(A) is subjected to decompression in (B), some vapours [0056] 1000 g of used oil is mixed With a saturated
being separated Which are condensed in (C) and decanted aqueous solution Which contains 25 g of diammonium
into tWo phases in (D), to give rise to an organic phase (3) phosphate and is heated for 60 minutes at 1500 C. in an
of light hydrocarbons and solvents (in the petrol and kero autoclave at 6 bar provided With mechanical agitation.
sene range) and an aqueous phase (4).
[0057] After the reaction, the autoclave is decompressed,
[0042] The liquid resulting from the decompression in (B) condensing the vapours by means of a refrigerant and
is cooled doWn in (E) and passes to the phase separation collecting an aqueous condensate from Which 20 g of light
system (F). Although the phase separation system (F) can be hydrocarbons and chlorinated products is separated by
a combination of decanting, ?ltration and centrifugation decanting.
techniques, in the method of the present invention the
separation of an oily sludge Which contains the metal salts [0058] The contents of the autoclave, after decompression,
is cooled doWn to ambient temperature and is centrifuged,
(6), an aqueous phase With excess reagent (7), and the
separating 30 g of a sludge containing metal phosphates
demetalliZed oil (5), are achieved advantageously by con
tinuous centrifugation in one or tWo centrifuges in series. (Zinc, calcium, etc.), the aqueous phase containing the
excess ammonium phosphate and 910 g of demetalliZed oil
[0043] The aqueous solution Which contains the excess containing 123 ppm of metals (Zn: 30 ppm; Ca: 39 ppm).
reagent (7) can be recycled, at least partly, to prepare the
[0059] The 910 g of demetalliZed oil is distilled at atmo
chemical reagent again (1), While the liquid phase Which spheric pressure until it reaches 2800 C. Thus 35 g of an
contains the metal salts (6) is sent to a Waste treatment plant
for its subsequent processing. organic phase (light gas-oil, solvents, etc.) are obtained from
Which distilled Water is decanted leaving a distillation bot
[0044] The demetalliZed oil (5), mixed With the alkaline tom Which contains the demetalliZed oil.
hydroxide (8) is subjected to continuous atmospheric distil
[0060] Next, the bottom is vacuum distilled (15 mm Hg)
lation in (G), some vapours being obtained Which are
obtaining 61 g of heavy gas-oil, 393 g of light base oil and
condensed in (H) and decanted in (I), obtaining in this Way 306 g of heavy base oil leaving in the distillation ?ask a
an organic phase (9) of hydrocarbons and solvents, of a bottom of 114 g of fuel-oil or an asphalt component.
higher boiling point than those separated in the current (3),
in the range of kerosene and light gas-oil, and an aqueous [0061] The base oils obtained have a strong colour (2.5 to
phase (10) Which contains the ammonia displaced by the 5.0) and odour, an acidity greater than 0.1 mg KOH/ g and its
alkaline reagent. The non-condensables from the decanter IR spectrum shoWing a notable concentration of oxygenated
(I) are Washed With Water or an aqueous solution of an acid products in the 1700-1730 cm1 band, requiring an addi
US 2007/0039853 A1 Feb. 22, 2007

tional treatment With adsorbent earths or by hydrogenation, 1. Method for the regeneration of used mineral oils for
to comply With the typical speci?cations of virgin lubricant obtaining lubricant bases Which comprises the folloWing
bases. steps:
[0062] To verify this aspect, 250 cm3 of SN-350 oil (a) demetalliZation of the used mineral oil by means of
obtained Were taken (colour: 5.5, acidity: 0.14) and Were chemical treatment of said oil With an aqueous solution
treated With 4% diatomaceous earths and 1% CaO for 20 of a chemical reagent containing anions Which form
minutes at 1300 C.; after the reaction the mixture Was cooled loW solubility salts With the metals of the oil, folloWed
doWn and ?ltered through a sintered glass disc. by the separation of the demetalliZed oil;
[0063] The oil obtained had a colour of 2.5, an acidity of (b) distillation of the demetalliZed oil obtained in step (a)
0.04 and a light odour. at atmospheric pressure and in the presence of alkaline
[0064] The recovery in lubricant fractions is 74% by hydroxides; and
Weight of the starting used oil on a dry basis, before these
(c) distillation of the bottom liquid obtained in the atmo
additional treatments With earths, and 72% after treatment
With earths.
spheric distillation of step (b) under vacuum and in the
presence of alkaline hydroxides to obtain lubricant
[0065] Example No. 1 shoWs that carrying out the distil bases.
lation of the demetalliZed oil in loW temperature conditions, 2. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that the
an oil base is obtained With good recoveries, but With chemical reagent employed in (a) is an ammonium salt; and
characteristics Which still require a ?nal treatment With in that said reagent is used in a proportion of 0.5% to 5% by
earths or by hydrogenation. Weight of ammonium salt in relation to the used oil.
3. Method according to claim 2, characterised in that the
Example No. 2 (Treatment According to the ammonium salt contains anions of the phosphate and sul
Claimed Method) phate groups, and can be monoammonium or diammonium
[0066] 1000 g of used oil has is demetalliZed as shoWn in phosphate, or monoammonium or diammonium sulphate, or
example 1. a mixture thereof.

[0067] The 910 g of demetalliZed oil is mixed With a 4. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that in
saturated solution of potassium hydroxide containing 25 g of step (a) the chemical treatment is carried out in a continuous
potassium hydroxide and is distilled at atmospheric pressure Way in tubular reactors, or in one or several Well-mixed
until reaching 2800 C. reactors in series, or a combination of both systems; and
Where the reaction is carried out at temperatures between
[0068] The distillate is collected over Water to retain the 1200 C. and 1800 C., at pressures betWeen 3 bar and 11 bar
ammonia released. Thus an ammonium solution is obtained and With residence times in the reactors betWeen 10 minutes
containing 15 g of ammonia, from Which is decanted 33 g of and 120 minutes.
an organic phase containing kerosene, light gas-oil and 5. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that in
solvents. step (a) the separation is carried out continuously by means
[0069] The bottom of the atmospheric distillation contain of a ?ash vaporisation, so that at least a part of the Water and
ing the sodium hydroxide added previously, is subjected to the light hydrocarbons and solvents are vaporised, Which are
recti?cation at vacuum (2 mm Hg) for obtaining 55 g of collected and decanted after their condensation, and a liquid
spindle oil (SN-80), 400 g oflight base oil (SN-150) and 235 is obtained, Which after cooling doWn, is separated into a
g ofheavy base oil (SN 350), leaving 200 g as a bottom. The sludge containing the metal salts, an aqueous phase With the
recovery in lubricant bases is 67% in Weight of used oil on excess reagent and the demetalliZed oil.
a dry basis. 6. Method according to claim 5, characterised in that the
separation of the sludge containing the metal salts, the
[0070] The base oils obtained have characteristics typical aqueous phase With the excess reagent and the demetalliZed
of virgin base oils and comply With the normal speci?cations
oil is carried out by continuous centrifugation in one or tWo
of these products, Without the need for further treatments, as
shoWn beloW:
steps in series.
7. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that in
step (b) the demetalliZed oil is distilled continuously at
atmospheric pressure in the presence of alkaline hydroxides,
SN-150 SN-350 SN-80 so that the remains of Water, light hydrocarbons and solvents
are distilled, along With the ammonia released by the effect
Colour (ASTM D 1500) 0.5+ 1.5 0.5
Viscosity cSt at 40 C. (ASTM D445) 24 56 8.7 of the alkaline hydroxides.
Acidity mg KOH/g (ASTM D664) 0.02 0.03 0.00 8. Method according to claim 7, characterised in that the
Water % (Karl Fisher) <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 distillate is subjected to condensation, folloWed by decant
Flash point C. (ASTM D92) 236 243 i
Rarnsbottom Carbon % (ASTM D524) <0.05 <0.05 <0.05 ing, in such a Way that an organic phase is obtained Which
contains light hydrocarbons and solvents and an aqueous
phase Which contains ammonia.
[0071] Example No. 2 demonstrates that demetalliZation 9. Method according to claim 8, characterised in that the
folloWed by distillation, both carried out under moderate non-condensables of the distillate are Washed With Water or
temperature conditions and in the presence of an alkaline With an aqueous solution of an acid to keep the ammonia in
hydroxide, as speci?ed in the present invention, produces aqueous solution, Which is added to the aqueous phase
base oils With characteristics of base oils of ?rst re?ning. obtained in claim 8.
US 2007/0039853 A1 Feb. 22, 2007

10. Method according to claim 7, characterised in that the (a), or the bottom liquid obtained by atmospheric distillation
atmospheric distillation is carried in a continuous Way by in step (b), circulates at high speed inside the tubes and in
?ash Vaporisation at temperatures betWeen 200 C. and 300 Which the heating ?uid on the outside of these tubes is a
C. thermal oil Which circulates preferably at temperatures
11. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that in beloW 300 C. in the atmospheric distillation and beloW
step (c) the bottom liquid obtained in the atmospheric 385 C. in the Vacuum distillation.
distillation of step (b) is Vacuum distilled in a recti?cation 13. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that the
column in a continuous Way in the presence of alkaline alkaline hydroxide employed in steps (b) and (c) is sodium
hydroxides, preferably at a pressure betWeen 2 mbar and 10 hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, or a mixture of both,
mbar at the top of the column and a column feed temperature Which is added preferably in a proportion of 0.5% to 5% in
betWeen 310 C. and 335 C., for obtaining a Vacuum gas-oil Weight in relation to the demetalliZed oil, more preferably in
or several fractions of lubricant bases as side cuts and a a proportion of 0.5% to 3%, so that said addition is carried
bottom With characteristics of fuel-oil or an asphalt compo out completely before the atmospheric distillation, or a part
nent. before the atmospheric distillation and a part before the
12. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that the Vacuum distillation.
distillations of steps (b) and (c) are carried out in tubular heat
exchangers, in Which the demetalliZed oil obtained in step