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Wildlife Laws

Ex. No.9

I. Introduction
Republic Act No. 9147 an act providing for the conservation and
protection of wildlife resources and their habitats, appropriating funds
therefore and for other purpose be it enacted by the senate and house of
Representatives of the Philippines in congress assembled:

Chapter I general provision:

Section 1. title.- this act shall be known as the wildlife resources


conservation and protection act.

Section 2. declaration of policy.- it shall be the policy of the state to


conserve the countrys wildlife resources and their habitats for
sustainability. In the pursuit of this policy, this Act shall have the following
objectives;

a) To conserve and protect wildlife species and their habitats to


promote ecological balance and enhance biological diversity;

b) To regulate the collection and trade of wildlife.

c) To pursue, with due regard to the national interest, the Philippine


commitment to international conservations, protection of wildlife
and their habitats; and

d) To initiate or support scientific studies on the conservation of


biological diversity.

Objectives:

To familiarize students on the contents of R.A No. 9147 or wildlife


resources

conservation and protection act of 2001 and able to determine the


corresponding

fines for such violations of the law.

Methodology:

Visit the library and look for the Republic Act 9147 and use its
sections to answer
the questions asked below. For question no. 5 you may refer to
internet or

interview personnel from DENR in BAGUIO and la Trinidad.

Questions:

1. How much is the fine and what is the penalty for killing a Philippine eagle?

Republic Act No. 9147, also called Wildlife Conservation and Protection
Act, the killing of a critically endangered species is punishable by
imprisonment of between six and 12 years or a fine of between
P100,000 to P1 million.

2. How much is the fine and what is the penalty for killing an endangered sea
turtles?
Penalties range from 6 months to 12 years with fines ranging
from Php10,000 P1,000,000 depending on the status of the
population of the threatened species.

3. How much is the fine and what is the penalty for transporting an endangered
deer?
Fines of up to $100,000 and one year imprisonment. Organizations
found in violation may be fined up to $200,000. Fish, wildlife, plants,
and vehicles and equipment used in violations may be subject to
forfeiture.

4. How much is the fine and what is the penalty for trading a mouse deer?
Fine of P200,000 and a jail term of two years.

5. Are the cases where a wildlife law violator in the Philippines fined or
penalized? If there are,

please cite sample of case/cases.

If the violation is committed by a juridical person, the officer


responsible thereof shall serve the imprisonment. If the violation is
committed by an alien, he or she shall be immediately deported after
the service of sentence without any further proceeding.

The foregoing penalties shall also apply for any other violation of this
Act, depending upon the effect or result of the act or omission as
defined in the immediately preceding sections.
However, regardless of the resulting condition to the animal/s, the
penalty of two (2) years and one (1) day to three (3) years and/or a
fine not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000.00)
shall be imposed if the offense is committed by any of the following:
(1) a syndicate; (2) an offender who makes business out of cruelty to
an animal; (3) a public officer or employee; or (4) where at least three
(3) animals are involved.

In any of the foregoing situations, the offender shall suffer subsidiary


imprisonment in case of insolvency and the inability to pay the fine.

6. What are the acronyms CITES and IUCN stand for? What CITES and IUCN are
all about?
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild
Fauna and Flora
- International agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure
that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants
does not threaten their survival.
International Union for Conservation of Nature
- International organization working in the field of nature
conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

7. Define the following: extinct, extinct in the wild, Critically endangered,


Vulnerable, Near

threatened, Least concern, Data deficient and Not evaluated.

Extinct- no longer in existence; that has ended or died out.


Extinct in the wild- one which has been categorized by
the International Union for Conservation of Nature as only known by
living members kept in captivity or as a naturalized population outside
its historic range due to massive habitat loss.
Critically endangered- facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
It's the highest risk category assigned by the IUCN Red List for wild
species.
Vulnerable- as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances
threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Vulnerability is
mainly caused by habitat loss or destruction of the species home.
Near threatened- species or lower taxa that maybe
considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it
doesn't currently qualify for the threatened status.
Least concern- one which has been categorized by the International
Union for Conservation of Nature as evaluated but not qualified for any
other category. As such they do not qualify as threatened, near
threatened, or (prior to 2001) conservation dependent.
Data deficient- as offering insufficient information for a proper
assessment of conservation status to be made.
Not evaluated- List of threatened species as not having been studied
by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Deadline of Submission:
May, 08 2017
Group Members:

Baniaga, ailley N.

Campna, Rosalie B.

Cawilan, Teresita B.