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# 142 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

## Chapterwise Analysis Chart

2010 (A)
No. of No. of No. of
Chapters Name Objectives Short Q Long Q
(1 marks (4 marks (8 marks
each) each Each)

(1) Trigonometry
(i) Trigonometrical ratios 1 1
(ii) Properties of triangle 1 1 1
(iii) Logarithm 1 1
(iv) General solution 1 1
(v) Inverse circular
(2) Algebra
(i) Sequence and Series 2 1
(ii) Mathematical
(iii) Permutation and combination 1 2
(iv) Binomial theorem 2 1
(v) Determinants 1 1
(vi) Matrix 1 1
(vii) Complex number 2 1
(viii) Number System 2 3
(3) Co-ordinate Geometry
(i) Introduction to 2D 1
(ii) Straight line in 2D 2 2
(iii) Circle 1
(iv) Introduction to 3D 2
(v) The plane in 3D 1 1 1
(vi) The straight line in 3D 1 1

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 143

2010 (A)
Time : 3 Hours Pass Marks : 26 Full Marks : 80

## Answer all 20 questions from Group-A, each question carries 1 mark.

Answer any four questions from Group-B, each question carries 5 marks.
Answer any four questions from Group-C, each question carries 10 marks.
All parts of question of one Group must be answered at one place
in sequence, otherwise they may not be evaluated.
The figures in right hand margin indicate full marks.

## Answer all 20 questions from Group-A, each question 1 mark.

GROUP-A
1. Write down the most correct answer for the following questions
from given alternatives. 120=20
(i) If a, b, c are in G.P then a2, b2, C3 are in
(a) A.P (b) G.P
(c) H.P (d) None
Ans. (b) a, b, c are in G.P
b c
=
a b
Squaring both side, we get
2 2
b c b2 c2
2 2
a b a b
a2, b2, c2 are in G.P.
(i) 13 + 23 + 33 + 43 + ... + n3 is equal to
2
n(n 1) n( n 1)
(a) (b)
2 2
2
n(n 1) (2n 1) n( n 1)
(c) (d)
6 2
Ans. (b)
(iii) What is the value of i?
(a) 1 i (b) 1+ i
1
(c) (1 + i) (d) (1 i)
2

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144 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

1 1 1
Ans. (d) i= (2i) (1 2i 1) (1 2i i 2 )
2 2 2
1
= (1 i)2
2
1 1
i (1 i)2 (1 i)
2 2
1
(iv) Conjugate of is ..........
2 3i
1
(a) (b) 2 + 3i
2 3i
2 3 2 3
(c) i (d) i
13 13 13 13
1 1 2 3i 2 3i
Ans. (d) =
2 3i 2 3i 2 3i (2)2 (3i )2

2 3i 2 3i 2 3i
=
4 9i 2 4 9( 1) 4 9
2 3i 2 3
= i
13 13 13
2 3 2 3
Conjugate of i i
13 13 13 13
(Justification: Conjugate of x + iy = x iy)
(x) 6P4 is equal to:
(a) 360 (b) 370
(c) 380 (d) 390
6! 6 5 4 3 2!
Ans. (a) 6P4 =
(6 4)! 2!
= 360
15
1
(vi) In the expansion of x 3 2 , then constant term is:
x
(a) 15C 6 (b) 0
(c) 15C9 (d) 1
Ans. (c) Let rth term is independent of x
r 1
15 1
tr = C r 1 ( x 3 )15 r 1 2
x

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 145

15 r 1
tr = Cr 1 x 45 3r 3 1 ( x 2 ) r 1
15 r 1
tr = Cr 1 1 x 453r 2r 2
15 r 1
tr = Cr 1 1 x 50 5r ...(i)
Since tr contains constant term
50 5r = 0, 5r = 50, r = 10
Putting the value of r = 10 in eqn (i)
15 10 1
t 10 = C10 1 1 x 50 510
15 9
t 10 = C9 1
t 10 = 15 C9 Ans.
(vii) The number of terms in the expansion of (1 + 2x + x2)20 is
(a) 20 (b) 21
(c) 41 (d) 40
Ans. (c) (1 + 2x + x ) = {(1 + x) } = (1 + x)40
2 20 2 20

no. of term = 41
(viii) The value of the determinant:
0 a b
a 0 c is ..........
b c 0
(a) 0 (b) a + b c
(c) a b+ c (d) a + b + c
0 a b
Ans. (a) a 0 c = 0(0 + c) a(0 bc) + b(ac 0)
b c 0
= 0 + abc abc
= 0
1 2 3
(ix) If A = then A is equal to
4 5 6
2 1 3 4 5 6
(a) (b)
5 4 6 1 2 3
1 4 3 6
(c) 2 5 (d) 2 5

3 6 1 4

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146 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

Ans. (c)
1 4
1 2 3 2 5
A = , A
4 5 6
3 6
(Justification: In transpose matrix, Row Column
(A) = A)
1
(x) is equal to
( x 1) ( x 2)
1 1 1 1
(a) (b)
( x 1) ( x 2) ( x 1) ( x 2)
1 1 1 1
(c) (d)
( x 1) ( x 2) ( x 1) ( x 2)
1 A B
Ans. (b) Let ( x 1) ( x 2) =
( x 1) ( x 2)
1 A( x 2) B( x 1)
=
( x 1) ( x 2) ( x 1) ( x 2)
A(x + 2) + B(x + 1) = 1 ...(i)
Putting (x + 2) = 0, x = 2 in eq (i)
A(2 + 2) + B(2 + 1) = 1
B(1) = 1, B = 1
Putting (x + 1) = 0, x = 1 in eq (i)
A(1 + 2) + B(1 + 1) = 1
A(1) = 1, A = 1
A A 1 1
= Ans.
( x 1) ( x 2) ( x 1) ( x 2)
4
(xi) If sin =then the value of sin2 is equal to
5
26 24
(a) (b)
25 25
21 19
(c) (d)
25 25
4 3
Ans. (b) sin = cos =
5 5
4 3 24
sin 2 = 2 sin cos = 2
5 5 25

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 147

2tan
(Justification: sin 2 = 2 sin cos =
1 tan 2
(xii) If in ABC, a = 4, b = 12, B = 30 then sin A is equal
to:
1 1
(a) (b)
3 6
1 1
(c) (d)
2 3
a b 4 12
Ans. =
sin A sin B sin A sin 30
4 sin 30 4 1/2
sin A =
12 12
1
sin A = ...(b)
6
a b c
(Justification: From sine formula, )
sin A sin B sin C
(xiii) If 3 tan2 = 1 then is equal to:

(a) n (b) 2n
6 6

(c) n (d) 2n
3 3
Ans. (a) 3 tan2 = 1
1
tan2 = ,
3
1
or tan =
3

tan = tan = n
6 6
(Justification: tan = tan then = n + )
(xiv) sec1x + cosec1x is equal to:

(a) (b)
2

(c) (d)
3 4
Ans. (b) Let sec1 x = then sec = x

or, cosec = x
2

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148 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

or = cosec1x
2

or cosec1x + sec1x =
2

cosec1x + sec1x = Ans.
2
(xv) The distance between the points (1, 2) and (3, 1) is:
(a) 3 (b) 3
(c) 5 (d) 5
Ans. (c) Let A(1, 2) and B(3, 1)
AB = (1 ( 3))2 (2 ( 1))2
= (1 3)2 (2 1)2
=
(4)2 (3)2 16 9 25 5
AB = 5 unit
(xvi) Equation of the circle whose radius is 7 and the centre
is (3, 4) will be:
(a) x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y + 27 = 0
(b) x2 + y2 + 6x 8y 24 = 0
(c) x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y 24 = 0
(d) x2 + y2 6x 8y 24 = 0
Ans. (d) Centre (3, 4), radius = 7
equation of circle is
(x 3)2 + (y 4)2 = 72
x 6x + 9 + y2 8y + 16 = 49
2

x2 + y2 6x 8y + 25 49 = 0
x2 + y2 6x 8y 24 = 0
(Justification: The equation of circle whose centre is
(x1 y1) and radius r is given by (x x1)2 + (y y1)2 =
r2)
(xvii) If l, m, n be the direction cosines of a line then:
(a) l2 + m2 +n2 = 1 (b) l2 + m2 +n2 = 1
2 2 2
(c) l + m +n = 2 (d) l2 + m2 +n2 = 2
Ans. (a) (Justification: l + m +n2 = 1
2 2

## cos2 + cos2 + cos2 = 1

sin2 + sin2 + sin2 = 2)
(xviii) Angle between the planes ax + by + cz + d = 0 and
a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 is

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 149

## aa1 bb1 cc1

(a) sin 1
a b2 c2 a12 b12 c12
2

aa1 bb1 cc1

(b) cos 1
a b2 c2 a12 b12 c12
2

(c) None of these
Ans. (b)
(xix) (1011001)2 + (1011)2 is equal to
(a) (101010)2 (b) (1110010)2
(c) (11001000)2 (d) None of these
Ans. (c) 1 1 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 0 0 1
+ 1 0 1 1
1 1 0 0 1 0 0
(Justification: 0 + 0 = 0;
1 + 0 = 1;
0 + 1 = 1;
and 1 + 1 = 10)
(xx) A computer will function only if it:
(a) Is given input data
(b) Has control unit
(c) Has a program in its memory
(d) Has software package
Ans. (b)

GROUPB
th th th
2. If the p , q and r terms of G.P are x, y and z respectively
then prove that:
xq r + yr p + zp q = 1
Ans. Let m be the first term and n be the common ratio of
the G.P
pth term m np 1 = x ...(i)
qth term m nq 1 = y ...(ii)
rth term m nr 1 = z ...(iii)
q r r p p q
L.H.S = x + y + z
[Putting the value of x, y, z from equation (i), (ii) & (iii)]
= (mnp 1)q r + (mnq 1)r p + (mnr 1)(p q)

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150 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

= m(q r)
n(p 1) (q r)
+ m(r p)
n(q 1)(r p)

## + m(p q) n(r 1)(p q)

= m(q r + r p + p q)
n[(p 1) (q r) + (q 1)(r p)
+ (r 1) (p q)]

= m n[pq pr q + r + qr pq r + p + pr qr p + q)]

= m n = 1 = R.H.S Ans.
OR
Resolve into partial fraction:
3x
2
x x 2
3
3. Prove that: sin 20 sin 30 sin 40 sin 80 =
16
Ans. L.H.S = sin 20 sin 30 sin 40 sin 80
1
= sin 20 sin 40 sin 80
2
1
= (sin 40 sin 80) sin 20
2
1 1
= (2 sin 40 sin 80) sin 20
2 2
1
= [cos (80 40) cos (80 + 40)] sin 20
4
1
= [cos 40 cos 120] sin 20
4
1
= [cos 40 sin 20 cos 120 sin 20]
4
1 1 1
= .(2cos 40 .sin 20) sin 20
4 2 2
1 1
= [sin (40 + 20) + sin (40 20) + sin 20]
4 2
1
= [sin 60 sin 20 + sin 20]
8
1 3 3
= R.H.S Proved
8 2 16

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 151

or
3. In ABC, prove that
a sin (B C) + b sin (C A) + C sin (A B) = 0
Ans. L.H.S = a sin (B C) + b sin (C A) + C sin (A B)
= K sin A sin(B C) + K sin B sin (C A)
+ K sin C sin (A B)
a b c
sin A sin B sin C K
= K sin ( (B + C)) sin (B C) + K sin ( (A + C)
sin (C A)
+ K sin ( (A + B)) sin (A B) [ A + B + C = ]
= K[sin(B + C) sin (B C) + sin(A + C) sin(C A)
+ sin (A + B) sin (A B) [sin ( B) = sin ]
= K[sin B sin2 C + sin2 C sin2 A + sin2 A sin2
2

B] = K 0
= 0 = R.H.S Proved
log x log y log z
4. If

Prove that xyz = 1
log x log y log z
Ans. K

log x = K( )
...(i)
log y = K( )
...(ii)
log z = K( )
...(iii)
adding (i), (ii) & (iii), we get
log x + log y + log z = K( ) + K( ) + K(
)
log x . y . z = K [ + + + ]
log (x . y . z) = 0 = log 1
xyz = 1 Proved
or

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152 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

## 4. Solve: sin x + 3 cos x = 2

Ans. sin x + 3 cos x = 2
Dividing both side by 2, then
1 3 2
sin x cos x =
2 2 2
1
sin sin x cos cos x =
6 6 2

cos x . cos sin x sin = cos
6 6 4

cos x cos
6 4

x = 2x
6 4
Taking positive sign

x = 2n
6 4

x = 2n
4 6
5
x = 2n
12
Taking negative sign

x = 2n
6 4

x = 2n
4 6

x = 2n
12
5
x = 2n , 2n Ans.
12 12
5. Find the equation of straight line which cuts an intercept
C on the y-axis and is inclined at an angleto the x-axis.
Ans. Let AB is a straight line which cuts an intercept C on the
y-axis and inclined at angle to the x-axis OD = C, co-
ordinate of P = (x, y) and PL OX (x-axis) and OM PL

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 153

B
Y
P(x, y)

Y
D M

X X
O L
A
OL = x, PL = y
DM || AL
PDM = PAL =
Now, PM = PL ML = PL DO
PM = y C
DM = OL = x
Now, In PDM,
PM yc

tan =
DM x
yc
or m =
x
or mx = y c
y = mx + c Ans.
or
Find the equation of the straight lines which pass
through the point (3, 2) and are inclined to the line x
2y = 3 at an angle of 45.
Ans. Given, equation of straight line, x 2y = 3
or 2y = x 3
1 3
or x
y = ...(i)
2 2
1
Slope of this straight line (m1) =
2
Equation of straight line which passes through the point (3, 2);
y 2 = m(x 3) ...(ii)
Slope of line (ii) = m2 (let)
Angle between straight line (i) & (ii) is 45

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154 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

m1 m2
tan 45 =
1 m1m2
1
m2
tan 45 = 2
1
1 m2
2
1 2m2
1 = (taken positive sign)
2 m2
2 + m2 = 1 2m2
m2 + 2m2 = 1 2
3m2 = 1
1
m2 =
3
1 2m2
1 = (taken negative sign)
2 m2
2 + m2 = 1 + 2m2
m2 2m2 = 1 2
m2 = 3
m2 = 3
1
m 2 = 3,
3
1
Putting m2 = 3, in equation (ii)
3
1
y 2 = m(x 3) y 2= (x 3)
3
y 2 = 3(x 3) 3y 6 = x + 3
y 2 = 3x 9 x + 3y 6 3 = 0
3x y + 2 9 = 0 x + 3y 9 = 0
3x y 7 = 0
equation of straight line 3x y 7 = 0
and x + 3y 9 = 0 Ans.
6. Find the length of the perpendicular drawn from the point
(x, y, z) to the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0.
Ans. Let equation of given plane is
ax + by + cz + d = 0 ...(i)

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 155

## Let PL be the perpendicular from P to plane (i)

Direction ratio of PL are a, b, c
P

90

L Q(x,y,z)

## Direction cosines of PL are

a b c
, ,
2 2 2 2 2 2
a b c a b c a b2 c2
2

## Let Q(x1, y1, z1) be a point in plane (i)

thenax1 + by1 + cz1 + d = 0 ...(ii)
Now, PL = Length of projection of PQ on line PL.
a( x1 ) b( y1 ) c( z1 )

a2 b2 c2 a2 b2 c 2 a 2 b2 c 2
a b c ( ax1 by1 cz1 )
=
a2 b2 c 2
a b c d
= Ans.[From (ii) (ax1 + by1 + cz1) = d]
a2 b2 c2
OR
6. Show that the line 4x = 3y = z is perpendicular to the line
3x = y = 4z
Ans. Given equation of lines are
4x = 3y = z ...(i)
and 3x = y = 4z ...(ii)
Equations can be written in standard form
x 0 y 0 z

(1/4) (1/3) ( 1)
direction ratio of line are
1 1 x 0 y0 z 0
a1 = , b1 = , c1 = 1 and
4 3 1/3 ( 1) ( 1/4)
direction ratio of line are
1 1
a2 = , b2 = 1, c2 =
3 4

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156 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

1 1 1 1
a1a2 b1b2 c1c2 = ( 1) ( 1)
4 3 3 4
1 1 1 14 3
= 0
12 3 4 12
Since, a1a2 b1b2 c1c2 = 0
Hence lines are perpendicular to each other.

GROUP- C
10
7. (a) Find the term independent of x in the expansion of 3x 2 1 .
2x3
Ans. Let (r + 1)th term is independent of x now, (r + 1)th term
of expansion (a + x)n.
n
= Cr an r x r
10
2 1
here, expansion = 3x 3
2x
1
n = 10, a = 3x2, x =
2x 3
r
10 1
(r + 1) th
term = Cr (3x )10 r 3
2x
r
10 1
= Cr (3)10 r ( x )20 2 r (x )
3 r
2
r
10 1
= C r (3)10 r ( 1) r ( x ) 20 2r 3r
2
r
10 1
C r (3)10 r ( 1)r ( x )20 5r
=
2
This term is independent of x, if
20 5r = 0
5r = 20
20
r =
= 4
5
5th term is independent of x
4
10 1
5th term = C4 36 ( 1)4
2

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 157

10 9 8 7 1
= 729 1
4 3 2 1 16
210 729 76545
= Ans.
16 8
1 a a2
7. (b) Prove that 1 b b2 (a b)(b c )(c a )
1 c c2

1 a a2
Ans. Let = 1 b b2
1 c c2
Applying R2 R2 R1 and R3 R3 R1
1 a a2
0 ba b2 a 2
=
0 ca c2 a 2

1 a a2 1 0 a2
0 (b a) (b a) (b a) 0 1 (b a)
= (b a) (c a)
0 (c a) (c a) (c a) 0 1 (c a)
=
(b a) (c a) [1(c + a) (b + a)]
=
(b a) (c a) [c + a b a]
=
(b a) (c a) (c b)
=
(a b) (c a) ((b c))
(a b) (b c) (c a) = R.H.S Proved
=
OR
(a) In how many ways the letters of the world INTERMEDIATE
can be arranged so that the vowels always occupy even
places?
Ans. There are 12 letters in the word INTERMEDIATE there are
6 vowels in this word.
There are 3 vowels which are repeated I = 2 times, A = 1,
E = 3 times place are:

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th
Even places are 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th, 12th 6 places
are even in 12 places.

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158 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I

## No. of ways for 6 vowels can be arranged in 6 even

places.
16 654 3
= = 60
2 3 2 1 3
Rest 6 letters are consonant in which T is repeated 2
times.
Now, no. of ways for 6 consonant can be arranged in 6
places.
6 654 3 2
= = 360.
2 2
No. of ways for arrangement = 360 60
= 21600
(b) Prove that
(1 ) (1 2 ) (1 4 ) (1 5 ) 9
Ans. L.H.S = (1 ) (1 2 ) (1 4 ) (1 5 )
= (1 ) (1 2 ) (1 ) (1 2 )
= (1 )2 (1 2 )2 [ 3 1
= (1 2 2) (1 4 22 ) 4
= (1 2 2) (1 22 ) 5 2 ]
= (12 2) (1 2 2 22)
= (0 3) (0 32 ) [1 2 0]
= ( 3) ( 32 )
= 93 = 9 1 = 9 = R.H.S Proved.
8. Find the number of combinations of n different things taking
r at a time.
Ans. Number of combination of n different things taken r at a time
is denoted by nCr and is given by
n n
Cr =
n n r
Proof: We know that, number of permutation of n different
things taken r at a time is denoted by
n n
Pr = ...(i)
nr

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Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 159

## number of combination of n different things taken r at a time

is nCr
Now, each combination consists of r different things and
these r things can be arranged among them solves in r! ways.
Thus for one combination of r different things
number of arrangement= r!
for nCr combination of r different things
number of arrangements = r!. nCr ...(ii)
But no. of permutation of n different things taken r at a time
= n Pr ...(iii)
from (ii) & (iii), we have
r! . nCr = nPr
n
n Pr
Cr =
r!
n n!
Cr = Ans.
r! n r!
OR
8. Solve the equations with help of matrices
3x + y + 2z = 3
2x 3y z = 3
x + 2y + z = 4
Ans. 3x + y + 2z = 3
2x 3y z = 3
x + 2y + z = 4
3 1 2 x 3

A= 2 3 1 X y B 3
1 2 1 z 4
AX = B X = A1B
3 1 2
2 3 1
|A|= = 3(3 + 2) 1(2 + 1) + 2(4 + 3)
1 2 1
= 3(1) 1(3) + 2(7)
= 3 3 + 14 = 8
Cofactor of Ist row,

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160 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

3 1
C11 = + 2 1 = (3 + 2) = 1

2 1
C12 = = (2 + 1) = 3
1 1
2 3
C13 = + 1 2 = (4 + 3) = 7
Cofactor of 2nd row
1 2
C21 = 2 1 = (1 4) = 3

3 2
C22 = + = (3 2) = 1
1 1
3 1
C23 = = (6 1) = 5
1 2
Cofactor of 3rd row
1 2
C31 = + = (1 + 6) = 5
3 1
3 2
C32 = = (3 4) = 7
2 1
3 1
C33 = + = (9 2) = 11
2 3
C11 C21 C31
C22 C32
adj | A | = C12
C13 C23 C33
1 3 5
3 1 7
7 5 11
A 1 =
1 3 5
1 1
| A| 8
7 5 11
1/8 3/8 5/8
A 1
= 3/8 1/8 7/8

7/8 5/8 11/8

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 161

X = A1 B
1/8 3/8 5/8 3
X = 3/8 1/8 7/8 3

7/8 5/8 11/8 4
3 9 20 8
8 8 8 8
1
9 3 28 16
X =
8 8 8 8 2
1
21 15 44 8
8 8 8 8
x 1
y
= 2
z 1
x =1 y =2 z = 1 Ans.
9. (a) Prove that
loga (m n) = loga m + loga n; (a > 0, a 1)
Ans. loga m = x ax = m
loga n = y ay = n
m n = ax ay = ax + y ...(i)
also let loga (m n) = z
az = m n ...(ii)
from equation (i) & (ii), we have
az = ax + y
z= x + y
i.e., log10(m n) = loga m + loga n Proved
1 1 3
(b) If in a triangle
a c bc abc
then prove that C = 60
1 1 3
Ans. Given,
a c bc abc
bcac 3
=
( a c ) (b c ) a bc
a b 2c 3
=
( a c ) (b c ) a bc
(a + b + 2c) (a + b + c) = 3(a + c) (b + c)

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162 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

## a2 + ab + ac + ab + b2 + bc + 2ac + 2bc + 2c2

= 3ab + 3ac + 3bc + 3c2
2 2 2 2
a + b + 2c 3c + 2ab 3ab + 3bc 3bc + 3ac 3ac = 0
a2 + b2 c2 ab = 0
a2 + b2 c2 = ab
a 2 b2 c2
= 1
ab
a 2 b2 c2 1
=
2ab 2
cos C = cos 60
C = 60 Proved
OR
(a) Solve, tan x + tan 2x + tan 3x = tan x tan 2x tan 3x
Ans. See 2012 (odd) 9(a), (or).
(b) Prove that:
sin cot1 tan cos1 x = x
Ans. L.H.S = sin cot1 tan cos1 x A

1 x2
= sin cot1 tan tan1 1
x x
1 x2
= sin cot 1
x B C
1 x2
1 x
= sin sin = x = R.H.S Proved
1
10. (a) Find the angle between two lines whose equations are
y = m1x + c, and y = m2x + c2
Ans. Let AB and CD are two given straight line whose equations
are y = m1x + c, and y = m2x + c2 respectively
Y A C

N = 180(12)

2 1
X
O L M

D B

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 163

## Let LNM = , NMX = , & NLX = 2

Slope of AB = m1 = tan 1
Slope of CD = m2 = tan 2
from LNM,
NMX = LNM + MLN
1 = + 2 = 1 2
Now, tan = tan (1 2)
tan 1 tan 2
tan =
1 tan 1 tan 2
m1 m2
tan =
1 m1m2
CNM = then + = 180 = 180
tan = tan (180 ) = tan
m m2
= 1 ...(ii)
1 m1m2
from equation (i) & (ii)
m m2
tan = 1
1 m1m2
1 m1 m2
or, = tan
1 m1m2
(b) If a and b are the intercepts of a straight line on the x and
y-axis respectively and p be its perpendicular distance from
the origin
1 1 1
Prove that = 2 2
p2 a b
Ans. Equation of straight line, whose intercepts a and b on the
x-axis and y-axis respectively.
x y x y
= 1 or 1 = 0 ...(i)
a b a b
Perpendicular distance from origin (0, 0)
0 0
1 1
p= a b or p=
1 1 1 1

a 2 b2 a 2
b2
1 1 1
or, = 2 2
p a b
Squaring both side:

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164 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

1 1 1
= Proved

p2
a b2 2

or
(a) Find the equations of the line through the point (3, 2, 1) and
parallel to the line
x 4 y 1 z 2
=
2 3 5
Ans. Given equation of straight line is
x 4 y 1 z 2
=
2 3 5
Hence the direction ratio (Direction cosine) of required line
is same as the given direction ratios of straight line i.e.,
a = 2, b = 3, c = 5
This straight line passes through point (3, 2, 1)
Required equation of straight line which passes through
(3, 2, 1) and have direction ratio is 2, 3, 5
x 3 y 2 z 1
= Ans.
2 3 5
(b) Find the angle between the lines joining the points (1, 4, 2),
(2, 1, 2) and (1, 2, 3), (2, 3, 1)
Ans. A (1, 4, 2), B (2, 1, 9), C (1, 2, 3), D (2, 3, 1)
Direction ratio of line AB are
(1 (2)), (4 1), (2 2) = 3, 3, 0
a1 = 3, b1 = 3, c1 = 0
Direction ratio of line CD are
(1 2), (2 3), (3 1) = 1, 1, 2
a2 = 1, b2 = 1, c2 = 2
Angle between line AB and CD are
1 a1 a 2 b1b2 c1 c2
= cos
( a12 b12 c12 ) ( a 22 b22 c22 )
1 3 ( 1) 3 ( 1) 0 2
= cos
(3 3 2 0 2 ) (( 1) 2 ( 1) 2 2 2 )
2

1 3 3 0
= cos
99 1 1 4
1 6
= cos
18 6

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[2010 (A] Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I 165

1 6 1
= cos cos1
6 3 3
1 1
= cos Ans.
3
11. (a) Convert (2040)10 to octal system.
Ans. (2040)10
8 2040 0
8 255 7
8 31 7 (3770)8

3 3
(2040)10 = (3770)8
(b) Draw a flowchart to calculate the sum of first n natural
n(n 1)
numbers using the formula for the sum namely
2
OR
What are the Postulates of Boolean Algebra?
Ans. Postulates of Boolean Algebra:
(i) Identity element: The 0 and the 1 are unique identity
elements with respect to OR and AND operations.
A + 0 = A (Additive identity)
A 1 = A (Multiplicative identity)
(ii) Complement element: For every element A, there is always
an element A, such that
A + A = 1
A A = 0
Here, A is said to be the complement of A.
(iii) Commutative law: The OR and the AND operations are
commutative in sense that
A +B =B + A
AB = B A
(iv) Associative law: Both the AND and OR operators follow
the associative law.
A + (B + C) = (A + B) + C
A (B C) = (A B) C
(v) Distributive law: The operator OR is distributive over
AND and the operator AND is distributive over OR and
both can be represented as follows:

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166 Solved Question Bank in Engineering Mathematics - I [2010 (A)]

A + (B C) = (A + B) (A + C)
A (B + C) = (A B) + (A C )
(vi) Substitution: If A = B, then B can be substituted for A and
vice-versa in any Boolean Expression.
If A =B
A +C =B + C
AC = B C
(vii) Idempotent law:
A +A =A
AA = A
(viii) Dominance: The 0 and the 1 are dominant over AND
and OR operator.
A + 1 = 1
A0 = 0
(ix) Absorption law:
A + (A B) = A
A (A + B) = A
(x) Involution law:
(A) = A. Ans.