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1) Executive Power

President shall have the control of all executive departments, bureaus, and offices. He
shall ensure that laws are faithful executed

Until and unless a law is declared unconstitutional, the President has a duty to execute it
regardless of his doubts as to its validity

2) Power of Appointment

Selection by the authority vested with the power, of an individual who is to exercise the
functions of a given office.

Kinds of Presidential Appointments:

o Appointment made by an Acting President

o Midnight Appointment

o Regular Presidential Appointment

o Ad-Interim Appointment

3) Power of Removal

This power is implied from the power to appoint

Exception: Those appointed by him where the Constitution prescribes certain methods for
separation from public service.

4) Power of Control

The power of an officer to alter, modify, nullify, or set aside what a subordinate officer
had done in the performance of his duties and to substitute the judgment of the former for
that of the latter.

5) Military Powers

Commander-in-Chief clause

suspension of Writ of Habeas Corpus

declaration of Martial Law

6) Pardoning Power

The pardoning power extends to all offenses, including criminal contempt (disrespect to
or disobedience to a court which amounts to a crime). It does not give the President the
power to exempt, except from punishment, anyone from the law.

7) Borrowing Power

The President may contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic with the
concurrence of the Monetary Board, subject to such limitations as may be provided by

The Monetary board shall submit to the Congress report on loans within 30 days from the
end of every quarter.

8) Diplomatic Power

No treaty or international agreement shall be valid and effective unless concurred in by at

least 2/3 of all the Members of the Senate

The power to ratify is vested in the President, subject to the concurrence of the Senate.

Other foreign affairs powers:

o power to make treaties

o power to appoint ambassadors, public ministers, and consuls

o power to receive ambassadors and other public ministers

o deportation power

9) Budgetary Power

Within 30 days from the opening of every regular session, President shall submit to
Congress a budget or expenditures and sources of financing, including receipts from
existing and proposed revenue measure.

Congress may not increase the appropriation recommended by the President for the
operation of the Government as specified in the budget.

10) Informing Power

The President shall address Congress at the opening of its regular session. He may also
appear before it at any other time.
The information may be needed for the basis of legislation

The President usually discharges the informing power through what is known as the State
of the Nation Address

11) Residual Powers