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in this issue...

• Voicing objections to the flatulence


• Branch Line

• Submissions, issues and letters

• Getting to grips with feed budgeting


“Inspiration for this project came from a Discussion Document

called ‘Weaving Resilience into our Working Lands’, written
by Morgan Williams, the Parliamentary Commissioner for
the Environment,” Land Use Convenor, Patsy Gordon said.
“In it he discusses the future place, roles and value of native
trees on private land.”

Dr Williams’ objective is based on the conviction that native

trees can and must become a much more dominant
component of our working lands. They have spent 80 million
years adapting to New Zealand and are a key to maintaining
the health of our lands and water, which in turn underpin
our social and economic well-being.

Of the 70 percent of lands now held in private ownership

most are dominated by exotic plant species. The ‘Nurturing
Natives’ project will support Dr Williams’ goal of seeing native
plants rewoven back into the landscape.

In preparation for the discussion document a reference group

was formed and a series of interviews were held with

individuals and organisations involved with native plants on
private land.

It was intended for discussion with a wide range of audiences

natives including secondary schools, universities, public agencies and

community interests.

Over the last three decades there has been a rapidly increasing
focus on the impacts that land users have on soil and water
Rural Women New Zealand has launched a nationwide project qualities.
designed to encourage people to plant more native trees.
Many New Zealanders are becoming increasingly enthusiastic
The project called ‘Nurturing Natives’ was launched at the about the sustainability of our ecological health and Rural
National Conference in Whangerei in May, in partnership Women New Zealand considers this project will tap into that
with Ravensdown Direct and with support from DoC. interest.

The 300 women attending the conference were presented It will encourage people to plant more native trees, thereby
with a ‘Nurturing Natives’ pack which contained six pledge contributing to improving New Zealand’s ecosystems.
cards and information on how to plan and prepare for planting
“Rural Women New Zealand has found, in the past, that
natives and how to care for them.
projects involving anything practical like planting a tree have
Those who plant the natives then return their pledge cards captured peoples’ imaginations and have been hugely
to Rural Women New Zealand National Office and receive a successful,” Patsy says. “People can plant a tree or trees
dollar for their efforts. The dollar refund is a gesture intended individually or work as a group or community. We are looking
to add fun to the project and to encourage children to become forward to getting the vouchers back so we can learn where
involved. the plantings are.”

Strengthening Rural Communities Page 1

editorial by Ellen Ramsay, National President
The enthusiasm and
energy evident at
our National women
Conference in behind
Whangarei was kidsafe
encouraging and
indicative of the
o n g o i n g
members have for Rural Women New
Rural Women New Zealand is getting behind
Zealand, our aims this year’s Kidsafe Week
and our philosophy. campaign to keep kids off
Now that so few Members of Parliament are truly
representative of rural interests and cannot clearly In New Zealand All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) are involved
understand how their policies will impact on rural in an increasing number of injury incidents, particularly
communities, it is important we remain a strong voice to rural children. In one year alone the NZ Police estimate
to keep pertinent information before them to assist 14 children were killed in incidents involving ATVs.
with their decision-making. Currently there are a Currently another five children a month are hospitalised
number of pressing issues we need to be aware of. with injuries sustained while riding the machines.

As more is understood about the implementation of Primary Members of Rural Women New Zealand have joined
Health Organisations there is increasing disquiet amongst representatives from the Police, ACC, Plunket, Federated
GP’s - both urban and rural. This was a major topic of Farmers, public health officials and the road safety
discussion at the Royal College of GP’s Annual Meeting in community, to focus on reducing ATV related injuries to
Dunedin recently. Changes which have the potential to children during Kidsafe Week (October 17 - 24).
adversely affect GP’s must be of concern. As members of local Kidsafe Week coalitions, Rural Women
There is concern too about the future financial viability of New Zealand will work with schools and families to share
small (less than 30 beds) Rest Homes. Most of these will be the message that kids and ATVs don’t mix. Information in
in rural areas. both English and Maori will be provided free to rural
communities and awareness, education and safety days
The proposed new Education Housing Policy, while saying held for children and families in many areas.
core houses e.g. Principals’ houses, will be retained, could
have worrying consequences for the recruitment of teachers John Wallaart, Injury Prevention Programme Manager with
in rural areas, particularly where rental housing is in short ACC (one of ten agencies supporting Kidsafe Week
supply. Will Boards of Trustees’ want the increased nationally) applauds the support of Rural Women New
responsibility for the management of core housing ? Zealand in this year’s campaign.

RWNZ believes the Governments’ proposal to impose a ‘burp “Children just don’t have the strength or skill to use ATVs
tax’ on the agricultural sector is unjustifiable and completely and they don’t belong on them. It’s heartening to see so
contrary to opinions expressed by the farming community many branches of Rural Women New Zealand involved in
during consultation. The general public understands and helping us promote that message to families this year.”
acknowledges there will be public benefit from New Zealand Mr Wallaart says ATV injuries are a new area of focus for
reducing its greenhouse gas emissions so research should Kidsafe Week, which annually works to highlight the
be funded from general taxation. We must continue to express seriousness of unintentional injuries to Kiwi kids and ways
our opposition to this - our silence on this issue will indicate to prevent them.
our approval.

The 2002 Local Government Act requires all local authorities

to consult with their communities on the desired social,
economic, environmental and cultural wellbeing of their
communities. Our members could initiate discussions in their For further information please contact:
areas and be the catalysts for ensuring sensible decisions Joy Gunn
are made on the future wellbeing of their communities. Kidsafe Week Communications Adviser
Ph (03) 455 4242,
It is almost time for Regional Consultative Groups (RCG’s) to mobile 021 555 249
develop their Regional Action Plans (RAP’s) for next year -
your Councillors have lots of ideas to assist you with this.

Page 2 Strengthening Rural Communities

submission summaries
submissions agricultural emissions research
Rural Women New Zealand has recently made the
following submissions: Rural Women New Zealand was opposed to signing
the Kyoto protocol and spoke strongly about this
• Pharmac
at the Select Committee.
• Medical Misadventure
New Zealand’s emissions of 0.25% are miniscule on
• Human Assisted Reproductive Bill an international level. The agricultural sector already
• Review of Paid Parental Leave contributes to research on methane gas emissions,
• Agricultural Emissions Research Funding and contributing to further research is double dipping
and immensely unfair to farmers. Over the last five
• Proposed Education Housing Policy
years the Government has spent $55 million on
climate change research, with little result.
Rural Women New Zealand feels that this
media releases Government has run roughshod over the
• RWNZ Initiative Boosts Native Planting, 21 May 2003 agricultural sector’s opinions, with seemingly little regard
for its future well-being and prosperity.
• RWNZ Members Oppose End of GE Moratorium, 22
May 2003 paid parental leave
• Opposing the “Burp” Tax, 30 July 2003 Rural Women New Zealand supports any policy measures that
are designed to strengthen families. We especially welcome
media Inter views / any measures to support the health and wellbeing of new
articles babies, their parents and the bonding of the family unit.

national president Our submission supported the objectives of the Paid Parental
Leave and Employment Protection Amendment Bill but
Southern Rural Life
deplored the exclusion of those women who are self-
• Pharmac proposal, May. employed, seasonally or casually employed. Many rural
women are in these groups. We firmly believe that all women
• Developing Community well-being, June.
in the working environment should be treated equally. If they
• Opposing “burp” tax, July. are working and paying taxes they should be eligible to receive
Otago Radio some form of paid parental leave.

• Land Access Reference Group, May Rural Women New Zealand continues to stress the importance
of strengthening the family unit and family life rather than
• Pharmac proposals, May increasing the attachment to the workplace.
• National Conference and ACC Farmsafe Days, May
proposed new education housing policy
• GMO recommendation from Conference, June
A new Education Housing Policy proposes to:
• ‘Nurturing Natives’ project, June
• Paid Parental Leave Review and Community Wellbeing, • Retain 1,365 ‘core’ houses
July • Encourage schools with ‘non-core’ houses (approximately
700) to sell. 50% of the sale price will go to the school.
national councillors
• Transfer the core-housing portfolio to Boards of Trustees
Jacky Stafford • Progressively review rentals over three years
• General article on Rural Women New Zealand, ‘Core’ houses include all principal’s houses, caretaker housing
Manawatu Evening Standard, May where required, and houses where housing availability within
• Network Reviews, Rural Radio Interview, May a reasonable traveling distance is a problem and staff
recruitment is difficult.
• Network Reviews, Rural News, May
Rural Women New Zealand responded by stressing the
Margaret Chapman
significant incentive school housing is in attracting teachers
Timaru Herald - Farm Review to rural towns and districts. The rental market in these areas
is often minimal. We also stressed the need to have school
• Rural Safety days, May house maintenance completed before Boards of Trustees
• Nurturing Natives, July takeover management, and the need for Boards to have
autonomy to set rent according to market rates in the area.

Strengthening Rural Communities Page 3

feature pardon?
voicing objections to the flatulence tax

Failure to express opposition to

the Hon. Pete Hodgson’s
intention to tax our animals’
belching to fund research on
greenhouse gas emissions will
indicate approval for his

“Unless we are prepared to

take the time now to express
our opposition we cannot
complain later,” says Rural
Women New Zealand National
President, Ellen Ramsay. “The imposition of this tax is high- Alongside other rural organisations, Rural Women New
handed, cavalier and tantamount to Government wishing to Zealand objects to the imposition of another tax solely on
commit hari kari. It is unjustifiable and an estimated 84% of farmers when there will be public benefit from New Zealand
1000 New Zealanders surveyed have said so.” reducing its greenhouse gas emissions. Any research into the
reduction of emissions should be funded by general taxation.
Rural Women New Zealand [RWNZ] agrees that climate
New Zealand contributes only 0.2% of world greenhouse
change is a real issue and that greenhouse gas emissions
gas emissions, and emissions from farm animals in New
must be managed. The organisation, however, could not
Zealand is even more miniscule. “Removing every farm animal
support the Climate Change Response Bill that established
from the country would make very little impact on a global
the framework within which New Zealand would meet its
scale, which is why imposing this tax makes so very little
international obligations under the Kyoto Protocol.
sense,” Mrs. Ramsay says.
It was a major concern when the Government proceeded with
No agency appears willing to collect a Farm Animal Emission
a National Interest Analysis last year before it had announced
tax voluntarily and it is clear that farmers will reject any
its preferred domestic policy option for compliance under
overzealous regulations or enforcement.
the Kyoto Protocol.
Federated Farmers too is determined the Government will
Undertaking an analysis when there was no policy to analyse
listen on this issue. National President, Tom Lambie says “We
it against made the results meaningless, Ellen Ramsay
will keep pressure on them until they decide to talk.”
RWNZ strongly supports Federated Farmers resolve and
“It was obvious the Government had decided to ratify the
believes that if the Government continues to ignore the
Kyoto Protocol before it undertook the National Interest
agriculture voice, it does so at its peril.
Analysis and very clear the national interest was not
considered important,” she says. “It is little wonder the “Sitting around tables in kitchens, clubs and pubs complaining
Government is under siege from the majority of New about this matter won’t change anything but an ‘avalanche
Zealanders now when it acted in such an arrogant manner of paper’ expressing opposition might,” Mrs. Ramsay says.
then.” She urges Rural Women New Zealand members to voice their
objections by writing to Minister Hodgson.
Mrs. Ramsay questions the many thousands of dollars spent
on public consultation on the Kyoto Protocol and says there
was nothing at all democratic about the process. “It was just
tokenism. The outcome of the consultation was never going
to influence their decision.” letters should be addressed to:
RWNZ would support a programme of practical domestic Hon. Pete Hodgson,
policies to reduce net carbon emissions over the long-term. Parliament Building,
Continued public good research into reducing agricultural Wellington.
emissions, alongside other policy initiatives in the energy, No postage stamp is required.
water and transport sectors, would also be supported.

Page 4 Strengthening Rural Communities

wo m e n b l o o m i n g
meeting the board of where they are planted
access homehealth
When Doug was
approached in 2000 to
join the Board of Access
Homehealth as an
independent director his
background certainly
assisted him in making a
favourable decision.
Brought up on a farm in
Bainham, Golden Bay,
his parents had always
been actively involved
within the rural
Doug Langford, Chair community. His father
was a member of
Federated Farmers, Director of the Dairy Company, and
Convenor of the AB Group along with other farm related
activities, while his mother was an active member of the
then WDFF throughout her married life.

His early career was in the ANZ Bank in Nelson and Many of the delegates who attended this year’s Rural Women
Wellington during which time he studied for his New Zealand National Conference in Whangarei, were taken
Accountancy Professional and the Diploma in Banking. with a painting interpreting the conference theme.
He joined the Supertex Group, Wellington in 1963 as Artist, Heather Straka, offered to do the painting after
Accountant and was appointed Managing Director in 1971, discussing the conference and its theme, “Women Bloom
a position he held until the business was sold in 1998. Where they are Planted”, with her aunt, Christine Pikett.
Christine was involved in organising the conference and
Doug is currently undertaking some consultancy work, and
Heather’s mother is Jackie Straka, also a Region 7 member,
is primarily involved as Secretary of the Presbyterian
whom many will know from making bookings at Harris
Church Property Trustees.
He served on the Council of the Research Institute of Textile
Heather is a contemporary political artist who exhibits at
Services from 1992 until 1998 and was the Chairman from
various well known galleries in Christchurch, Wellington and
1993. In 1994 he was appointed to the Manufacturers
Auckland, and has also exhibited internationally in London
Advisory Group operating within the Ministry of
and Prague.
Commerce. In 1997 he was elected a Life Member of the
Wellington Employers Association. The painting is a follow on from Heather’s recent exhibition
at Anna Bibby Gallery in Auckland which was based on
He joined the Rotary Club of Karori as a Charter Member
playing cards depicting black-humoured colonial landscapes.
upon its formation in 1982 and served as President in 1984.
The use of the playing card as a format for a painting
Has also served the District in 1987 as District Governors
coincided with the US Army’s issue of ‘The 52 Most Wanted’
Representative and served on numerous District
deck to the marines in the Iraq war.
The Queen of Spades was used as it is the most powerful
Doug was appointed as a Trustee of the Te Hopai Group
card in a deck and the spade, taken literally, is used to plant
(a Charitable Rest Home provider) in 1983 and was
- tying in with the theme and rural women’s association with
Chairman of the Trust from 1993.
the land. The flax pod in the lower half of the painting
In 1998 Doug was appointed to the Council of The Open represents indigenous women and their history of weaving.
Polytechnic of New Zealand. Has been Chair of the Audit The top half of the scene is the landscape featured in the
and Finance Committee and was appointed Chair of Rural Women New Zealand logo and the daisy represents
Council in February 2003. the colonial women who added new elements to the landscape
and it also represents the blossoming of the women within a
Doug was awarded a Companion of the New Zealand Order
rural environment.
of Merit, in the 2003 Queens Birthday Honours List, for
services to manufacturing and the community. The painting is now housed in the board room at National
Office in Wellington.

Strengthening Rural Communities Page 5

branchline welcome to new friends from north to south
Oparure: Jean Small
Kourawhero: Phyllis Knott
Carol Anderson
Beth Larson
East Invercargill: Noeline Hunger
Winchmore: Dorothea Webb
Shirley Hydes
Eleanor Cruickshank
Gill Gilbert
Dot Andrews
Elaine Hulme
Glenroy: Julie Sorrell
Neroli Smith
Debbie Graham
Nicky Patten-Oakley
Kakahu: Ricki McDonald
Muhunoa East: Lib Gilmore
Mahakipawa Jackie Smallman Kiwifruit has been on the menu in Otago households. A gift
Te Aroha-Waihou: Flo Mace that was going to be a small gesture of sympathy and goodwill
Gail Miller from the Oropi branch, Region 5, and backed by Satara Co-
Drummond: Claire Chamberlain operative Group Ltd., grew into a 100 kg shipment of green
Jan Appleby kiwifruit to Rural Women in North and Central Otago. Mary
Barbara Pask McTavish, deputy chairperson of Satara was one of the
Arlene Booth instigators of the idea, which began as a wish to do something
Pat Snellgrove for members suffering the hardship of drought. It was a
gesture of goodwill and North Otago Provincial President,
farewell to old friends Beverly McCaw, was contacted to distribute the fruit. Oropi
South Canterbury Provincial: Jean Kelland* members also added some kiwifruit recipes.
Otumoetai: Ann Gray *
Paraparaumu: Christina Sumner Taking Action...
Gwen Hay
Alford Forest: Jean Greenslade* As usual Rural Women New Zealand Groups and members
Tumahu: Hazel Honeyfield* have been busy in their local communities...
Oparure: Betty Price
Manapouri-Te Anau: Dorothy Sproull • 162 people enjoyed a Fashion Show organised as a
Mangatangi: Jocelyn McIlroy fundraising venture by North Otago provincial in April.
Motunui: Annie Luxton* The clothes were provided by two local Oamaru stores
Mavis McKee and modeled by members. A fun night was had by all.
Dorothy Hagan
Kourawhero: Dulcie Clegg • Tirau branch celebrated its 74th birthday by visiting an
Okoki: Joan Jones Earth and Clay home near Cambridge, then went on up
Kakahu: Pauline O’Leary* to the Sanitarium Hill for lunch and to admire the fantastic
Mapua-Mahana: Anneke Buutveld view. The day finished with the exchange of gifts.
Muhunoa East: Doreen Lindsay
Lyalldale: Janette McKeown • After the February meeting Dovedale members and their
Yaldhurst: Myrtle Wright husbands drove to Tapawera for lunch, visited an unusual
Otumoetai: Joyce Hole garden then travelled up the Wangapeka where some of
Betty Goodwin the members cooled off in the river.
Te Kauwhata: Thelma Ellmers*
Winton: Pauline McIntyre • Waimahaka branch (Southland) had a coffee and dessert
* Life Member evening for the women of the area - a great way to catch
May They Rest in Peace up with new and old friends.
• Zero Waste, recycling, and a wearable art competition
honours board were topics for discussion at a very successful
Branch Life Membership International day organsised by North Taranaki recently.
Kourawhero: Doris Carran
Dulcie Clegg • West Melton branch members got in on the wedding
Dorothy Nelson celebrations recently when member Dorothy Oakley, in
Maruia: Marj Kelly her role as civil marriage celebrant, was asked to officiate
Branch Bar of Honour at a ceremony and to organise the food for the reception.
Waimauku: Moyra Barron Members of West Melton were called on to help. It all
Te Moana-Four Peaks: Margaret Griffiths
went without a hitch even though as Dorothy stood on
Alice Robinson
the edge of an ornamental pool conducting the service
the family dog decided to join in by launching himself

Page 6 Strengthening Rural Communities

National Conference raffle results

into the rather murky water during the vows. All in all
the day was very enjoyable and the guests overwhelmed Congratulations
by the high standard of food provided. Prize No. Name.
1st 1276 H.H. Budd
• Waipa-King Country provincial members have been living 2nd 1041 Yvonne Adams
up to the intention of their ‘have a go’ programme. Earlier 3rd 2965 Kate O’Neill
in the year they went on a boat trip around Kawhia Harbour 4th 1513 Wendy Jackson
and more recently took to the skies in a hot air balloon. 5th 3282 Edna Campbell-Heath
They celebrated afterwards with a champagne breakfast. 6th 5429 Anne Pull
7th 5849 M. Butterworth
• South and Mid Canterbury provincials are currently
All prizes have been claimed or sent to winners.
running a series of Rural Safety Days at rural primary
schools throughout the area. These have the support and Yearbook Cover: Jean Horn, Waikato Provincial,
sponsorship of ACC and are co-ordinated by local Rural Region 6.
Women New Zealand branches. Six have been held so Speech Contest: Jocelyn Fleming, Oropi Branch,
far this year. Topics covered include ATV, tractor and Region 5.
animal safety, chemicals and poisons, farm hazards, home
safety and gun safety. Lady Blundell Competition (Branch Initiative):
Rai Valley branch
• South Canterbury Provincial held its 6th annual mid winter
seminar recently in Fairlie. It was attended by over 100 Honora O’Neill Competition (Best Provincial
women from throughout the central South Island. The President’s Annual Report): Trudy Wilson,
theme for the day was ‘Social Entrepreneurs’. Social Waipa/King Country Provincial.
entrepreneurs are defined as the leaders or innovators Talbot Trophy (Provincial International Report):
who work to improve the economic and social well-being Elsie McInnes, Rotorua Provincial
of their communities. They are often seen as the ‘movers
and shakers’ within their communities. The five speakers Marlborough Short Story: Claire Chamberlain,
challenged the women to see themselves as social Southland
entrepreneurs in the activities and actions they undertook
for the good of their communities.
• The Kourawhero School (Northland) which has not been
used since 1936 is being restored with assistance from
Kourawhero Branch. The members have raised a substantial Mid Cant e r bu r y p r oj e ct a
amount of money to assist with the restoration as well as winner
helping with the physical work and of course supplying
morning teas etc. The school is to be used as a local Mid Canterbury Provincial is a winner in the
community hall and is also the meeting place for the branch. Trustpower Ashburton District Community Awards.

Congratulations... The group was recognised for its ‘Millennium Women’

project and won the Heritage and Environment Award.
• Anne Smith, Otewa branch won the Tom Aitchison The project recorded the activities of women in the
Memorial award for being the Riding for the Disabled Ashburton District, relaying a picture of life from the
organisation’s Volunteer of the Year. 1930’s to the present day. All women living in the area
• Mapua-Mahana Branch celebrated the 90th birthday of were invited to participate. Forms were distributed to
branch life member, Ruth Fraser. 11,000 households, women’s organisations and rest
homes asking participants to detail their occupations,
• Mrs Moara Peters, Dunedin branch celebrated her 100th membership of groups, positions held and life’s
birthday recently. Moara has been a member of the highlights and memories. Ashburton College and Mt
organisation for 73 years. A true Scottish celebration was Hutt College were also covered. The result of the project
was two large 800 page ring bound folders covering
• Yaldhurst branch - recently celebrated their 70th birthday. more than 1600 women and youths. Their stories
A foundation member, Mrs Iris Harwood, joined in the provided a wealth of social, historical and genealogical
celebrations. information that will have far-reaching effects as
students in social history in rural and urban areas seek
Ideas for World Rural Women’s Day. information about the way people lived in the
Tatuanui Branch last year walked 1km into town carrying a beginning of the third millennium. Copies of
big banner, balloons and streamers. They also had a display ‘Millennium Women’ and ‘Millennium Youth’ were
in the local library foyer. Products from the local Tatui Dairy printed and can be found in most local libraries. Both
Co. were donated and distributed. books are available on computer disc, with a built-in
programme enabling researchers to find answers to a
Have you thought of combining ‘Walk NZ’ with ‘Nurturing
wide range of questions.
Natives’ and ‘Water for All’ (ACWW project)? Walk, plant
and water.

Strengthening Rural Communities Page 7

g et ti ng to g r i p s
w ith feed budget i ng

Rural Women New Zealand has lent its support to an exciting an important facet of modern farming. To achieve high animal
opportunity for farming women, namely ‘Women in Farming’. performance stock must be offered the appropriate amount of
This is the second of what will be a regular contribution from feed in winter/spring and quality feed in summer/ autumn.
Women in Farming to this magazine.
Over winter, feed budgeting aims to ensure adequate feed
‘Women in Farming’ aims to improve the farming knowledge covers for lambing and calving. But there is also a realisation
and skills of sheep and beef farming women. With funding that too much feed in spring can be as harmful as not enough
from the Sustainable Farming Fund and sponsorship from feed in winter. Getting the right balance and responding to
FMG and Meat and Wool Innovation, seven groups have been changing weather patterns with a well constructed plan is
operating for a year in the King Country, Northern Rangitikei, the role of feed budgeting.
Tararua, Wairarapa, Marlborough, South Canterbury and
It is hoped that as a result of this workshop many women
Southland districts.
will implement a feed budget on their own farms and this
The Northern Rangitikei group has been on a three day tour will improve the farm profitability. Ongoing assistance and
visiting farming political organisations and farming operations discussion on feed budgeting will occur at subsequent
in and around Wellington. Their tour ended when they joined meetings.
with the Tararua group and visited the Ballantrae Research
One of the hardest parts of the feed budgeting process is the
Station to learn about fertiliser use and organic sheep
estimation of pasture growth. Pasture growth is now being
production. This was the first time that 40 women had been
monitored at 2 week intervals by farmers at 48 different sites
seen at one time at Ballantrae!
around New Zealand. The latest pasture growth information
Over July and August all groups are being offered a two day can be viewed on the Internet at:
feed budgeting workshop. On the first day participants will farm_tech/Pastureplan/pastureplan.html#Results
learn the theory of animal feed requirements, assess pastures
Topics and dates of upcoming ‘Women in Farming’ meetings
and quantify pasture growth. They will then collect the
can be found on the Rural Women New Zealand website
information needed from their own farm to set up a feed
( Please confirm dates with the local
budget. Approximately two weeks later they bring this
group as they are subject to change. New members are
information to the second day of the workshop where they
welcome and may attend two meetings free of charge before
set up their own feed budget using a spreadsheet that they
deciding to join. The membership fee is $100 per year paid
will take home.
either quarterly or annually.
Feed budgeting is a key success factor on many top sheep and
beef farms. Achieving high animal per head performance is Annette Litherland, Project Manager

Official Journal of Rural Women New Zealand • PO Box 12021, Wellington • Tel 04 473 5524 • Fax 04 472 8946 Email • • ISSN no 1171-4425

Editor: Head Office, PO Box 12021 Wellington • Printer: Precise Print, Paraparaumu

Page 8 Strengthening Rural Communities