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CHAPTER

69
KOREAN REGULATORY
SYSTEM AND CODES OF
NUCLEAR BOILER AND
PRESSURE VESSELS
Jong C. Jo and Howard H. Chung
69.1 INTRODUCTION In the early stage of the introduction of reactors into Korea, as
there was no well-established domestic regulatory framework for
This chapter describes the nuclear regulatory organizations, the safety regulation of operating reactors, the technical safety
aspects of the regulatory authority including licensing, status of requirements and safety standards of the countries from which a
nuclear installations, Korean nuclear reactor regulatory framework reactor was sourced were applied to the reactor concerned, as nec-
and regulations referring to domestic and/or international industri- essary. Since then, the Korean regulatory authority has made an
al codes and standards in the area of pressure vessels and piping, effort to establish its own effective and streamlining regulatory
and status of Korean Electric Power Industry Codes (KEPIC) that framework by making its own rules and regulations applicable to
covers standards for design, manufacturing, operation, mainte- domestic nuclear reactors and by amending them.
nance, and testing and inspection of nuclear and non-nuclear As a result of this effort, Korea has developed and issued, as of
mechanical components, including pressure vessels and piping. A December 2005, the following rules and regulations, the number
comparative assessment of the U.S. and Korean codes is also of articles contained in each of these rules and regulations are
addressed. Besides, a comparison between the KEPIC code and its shown in parenthesis:
reference to codes of other foreign countries is also provided.
The dependency of electricity production on nuclear energy is Atomic Energy Act (122)
expected to increase continuously worldwide during next few Enforcement Decree of the Act, Presidential Decree (337)
decades, at least until some available and economically competitive Enforcement Regulation of the Act (137);
alternative energy sources and/or production technologies are Enforcement Regulation Concerning the Technical Standards
secured. Also, in the near future, the nuclear energy may take up an of Reactor Facilities (101)
important position as a safe, environment-friendly, economically Enforcement Regulation Concerning the Technical Standards
affordable, and sustainable energy source owing to various efforts of Radiation Safety Management (122)
to develop new evolutionary reactors that are underway in several 26 cases of Notices by the Minister for Science and
countries. Since 1970s, Korea has been promoting the nuclear ener- Technology for the reactor regulation
gy industry to produce electricity needed for the rapidly expanding
industry and enhancing quality of human life. As a result of the Some Notices of the Minister of Education, Science and
intensive national program for nuclear energy promotion, at present Technology (MEST) concerning the reactor regulation have been
there are 20 nuclear power reactors in operation, 4 reactors under prepared by adopting or referring to the U.S. NRCs technical
construction, and another 4 reactors under consideration for con- safety requirements as well as the Nuclear Safety Standards of the
struction in Korea. The reactor types and vendors are diverse and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). As is well known,
especially the first three units, Kori Units 1 and 2 of pressurized the detailed technical requirements of the reactor regulation are
water reactors (PWRs) by Westinghouse Co. and Wolsung Unit 1 referred to or endorsed to some proper industrial codes and stan-
of pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) by Atomic Energy of dards such as ASME B&PV codes in the United States, RCC-M
Canada Limited (AECL), were supplied in the form of a turnkey codes in France, JSME B&PV codes in Japan, and others.
system. To cope with this expected regulatory environment, the Korea applied, as needed, the technical safety requirements and
Korean nuclear regulatory authorities have been making effort to safety standards of the countries from which the reactors and/or
improve nuclear safety regulatory framework to establish new regu- technologies-related design, construction, and operation were
latory requirements, as necessary, and to streamline regulations. imported. Since the type and suppliers of these reactors are
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656 Chapter 69

diverse and the supplying countries are different, it was hard to The authority and responsibilities of the governmental regula-
consistently apply same detailed regulatory requirements to these tory body MEST are prescribed in the Atomic Energy Act and the
reactors. This caused the designers, builders, and operators of Enforcement Decree of the National Government Organization
nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Korea to be perplexed. To resolve Act as follows:
this issue, a set of KEPIC for the application to the design, con-
struction, and operation of electric power facilities including To issue, amend, and revoke licenses for the construction and
NPPs, has been developed on the basis of the prevailing U.S. operation of nuclear installations and to take the necessary
codes and standards by Korea Electric Association (KEA). regulatory enforcement actions on the cases where regulatory
The first edition of KEPIC was published in 1995 and the requirements are not met or regulations are violated.
Notice of the Minister of Education, Science and Technology To conclude agreements with other domestic governmental or
The Guidelines for the Application of the Korea Electric Power nongovernmental bodies and to delegate tasks to other organi-
Industry Code Issued by the KEA as the Technical Standards zations, where such delegation is directly essential for the per-
Related to the Construction and Operation of Nuclear Power formance of the regulatory bodys responsibilities.
Reactor and Related Facilities, defined in Articles 12 and 22 of To obtain documents and opinions from public or private orga-
the Atomic Energy Act, was notified publicly in 1996. KEPIC nizations or persons, which are necessary and appropriate.
was initially started to be applied to the design and construction To maintain contact with foreign regulatory bodies and rele-
of Ulchin NPP Unit 5 and 6 in 1997 and its application has been vant international organizations.
extended to all NPPs either in operation, or in construction, or in To access, at any time, premises of any nuclear installations
contemplation of construction in Korea. Accordingly, since the licensed or under review.
execution of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
in 1995, the international trend of industrial codes and standards MEST is responsible for the establishment of the acceptance
has been changing. To line up with the tendency of changing criteria for constructing and operating nuclear installation and
international environment, KEA has been putting a great deal of technical standards for operational safety measures and for the
effort into the project of improving and expanding KEPIC. As a assurance of compliances with regulations at every stage of the
part of this effort, the 2005 Edition of KEPIC has been published selection of sites, design, construction, commissioning, operation,
to be retrofitted according to the ISO/IEC Guide 21 for the adop- and decommissioning of nuclear installations.
tion of international standards as regional or national standards.
69.2.2 Nuclear Safety Commission
69.2 NUCLEAR REGULATORY NSC is established under the jurisdiction of MEST to deliber-
ORGANIZATIONS ate and decide on important matters concerning nuclear safety,
pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act.
Nuclear safety regulatory organizations of Korea are mainly com- NSC is chaired by the Minister of Education, Science and
posed of the MEST with the Nuclear Safety Commission (NSC) as Technology and consists of nine members, including eight mem-
a safety regulatory authority and Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety bers appointed or commissioned by the Minister. NSC organizes
(KINS) as a safety regulatory expert body, as shown in Fig. 69.1. the Special Committee on Nuclear Safety to technically investi-
MEST, the nuclear safety regulatory body, has full independent gate and deliberate issues and concerns under its jurisdiction.
authority and responsibility for the safety regulations, including The Commission deliberates and decides on the following
the issuance of permits and licenses for nuclear installations. The matters:
Minister, as an official member of the Atomic Energy
Commission (AEC), participates in making decisions on major Consolidation and coordination of matters concerning nuclear
national policies related to the development and utilization of safety control
nuclear energy. Matters concerning the regulation of nuclear materials and
As shown in Fig. 69.1., NSC, under the jurisdiction of the reactors
Minister of Education, Science and Technology, is responsible for Matters concerning the protection against hazards due to radi-
deliberating and making decisions on important matters concern- ation exposure
ing nuclear safety. The Vice Minister and the Director General in Matters concerning the plan for estimation and allocation of
charge of the Atomic Energy Bureau are on a vertical organiza- expenditures for nuclear safety control
tion under the Minister. Matters concerning the formulation of tests and research for
KINS pursues matters on nuclear safety regulation as entrusted nuclear safety control
by MEST in accordance with Atomic Energy Act. KINS also Matters concerning the fostering and training of researchers
bears responsibility for various activities such as the development and engineers in the area of nuclear safety control
of nuclear safety regulatory technology, technical support to Matters concerning the safety management of radioactive
MEST for policy development and radiation protection, informa- waste
tion management on safety regulation, and the monitoring and Matters concerning the measures against radiation accidents
evaluation of environmental radioactivity. Other matters deemed important by the chairman

69.2.1 Ministry of Education, Science and 69.2.3 Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety
Technology (MEST) KINS was founded in December 1981 and initially operated
The primary mission of MEST is to ensure adequate protection under the name of Nuclear Safety Center (NSC), which had
of the public health and the environment against radiation hazards been attached to Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI).
that are associated with the peaceful use of nuclear energy. It started to function as an independent expert organization
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COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 657

Ministry of
Nuclear Safety
Education, Science
Commission
and Technology
(NSC)
(MEST)

Su
r

bm
to

R
eq
se mi

its es
en er

ue re

ev ults
r
r
lic r p

se it o

st vie

al
s
fo

ua
en rm

te w
s

tio
ch
lic pe
ie

n
pl

ni
es
Ap

ca
su

l
Is

Applies for inspection


Korea Institute of
Nuclear Industries
Nuclear Safety (KINS)
Inspection

FIG. 69.1 WORKING MECHANISM OF NUCLEAR SAFETY REGULATION

in February 1990 according to Korea Institute of Nuclear and radiation protection are prescribed in the Atomic Energy Act
Safety Act. that was established as the main law concerning safety regulations
The following main technical activities for the MESTs nuclear of nuclear installations. It also includes provisions of the AEC,
safety regulations have been entrusted to KINS: the NSC, nuclear energy promotion program, Construction Permit
(CP) and an Operating License (OL) of nuclear installations, and
Safety reviews in relation to the licensing and approval of others. Table 69.1 shows the contents of the Atomic Energy Act
nuclear installations of Korea.
Regulatory inspections during manufacturing, construction, The Enforcement Decree of Atomic Energy Act (presidential
and operation of nuclear installations decree) provides administrative matters and specific (technical)
Research and development of the technical standards of safe- requirements necessary to enforce Atomic Energy Act.
ty regulation for nuclear installations The Enforcement Regulation of the Act (the MEST Ordinance
License examinations for the handling of nuclear materials including Enforcement Regulations Concerning the Technical
and radioisotopes, and the operation of nuclear installations Standards of Reactor Facilities, and the Radiation Safety
Receive and process notifications relevant to licensing for- Management) provides particulars including the detailed proce-
malities dure, format of documents, and technical standards, as entrusted
Quality assurance examination and inspection by the Atomic Energy Act and the Enforcement Decree.
The Notice of the Minister of Education, Science and
Technology prescribe the detailed rules and procedural require-
69.3 LEGISLATION SYSTEM ments for regulatory actions, specific regulations, technical codes
and standards, and regulatory guidelines on the implementation of
The main legislation governing the safety of nuclear facilities regulatory requirements, as entrusted by the Atomic Energy Act,
in Korea is shown in Fig. 69.2. The figure shows the associated the Enforcement Decree, and the Enforcement Regulation. Table
statutory provisions of the Atomic Energy Act, the Enforcement 69.2 shows the list of 26 Notices of the Minister of Education,
Decree, the Enforcement Regulations, and the Notice of the Science and Technology applicable for the design, construction,
Minister of Education, Science and Technology. operation, inspection, testing, and so on of reactor facilities. The
The Atomic Energy Act enacted in 1958 (as amended) defines Notices of the Minister of Education, Science and Technology
fundamental issues and the general principles including require- and Regulatory Guidelines may endorse or incorporate the indus-
ments concerning the development, utilization, and safety regula- trial codes and standards developed by professional societies,
tion of nuclear energy. All provisions of nuclear safety regulation such as KEPIC Code, ASME B&PV Code, CSA/CAN3
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658 Chapter 69

The Act provides the bases and the


Atomic fundamental matters concerning the
Energy development and utilization of atomic
Act energy and safety regulations

Enforcement The Decree provides the particulars


Decree of the Act entrusted by the Act, which are
(Presidential Decree)
necessary for the enforcement of the
Act

Enforcement Regulation
of the Act

Enforcement Regulation
Concerning the Technical The Regulation provides the technical
Standards of Reactor Facilities, standards and particulars entrusted by the
etc.
Act and the Decree such as detailed
Enforcement Regulation procedures and format of documents
Concerning the Technical
Standards of Radiation Safety
Management, etc.

Notice of the Minister


of Education, Science and The Notice provides detailed particulars
Technology
for the technical standards and guidelines

Codes and Standards for materials, design,


Industrial Codes and Standards test, and inspection of components and
equipment

FIG. 69.2 LEGISLATION SYSTEM [1, 2]

(Canadian Standards Association/ CANDU3), as detailed techni- licensing process. The SDA system will ensure the validation of
cal requirements for the design, operation, and inspection and approved standard design without imposing additional regulatory
testing of reactor pressure vessels and piping components. requirements for the multiple CP applications of the same design
Finally, the Regulatory Guidelines on safety reviews and regu- of NPP applied within 10 years of the SDA issuance, and the same
latory inspections developed by KINS and then endorsed by portions of NPP design that are approved as standard design will
MEST for their use for regulatory purpose provide advice for the be excluded in the process of safety review for the following CP
preparation of a license application and present acceptable imple- applications.
mentation methods of regulations, regulatory evaluation tech-
niques for specific problems, and data needed by the KINS staff 69.4.1.2 Early Site Approval To obtain an early site approval
in its regulatory safety reviews. (ESA) with which a limited construction work on a proposed site
can be started prior to the issuance of a CP, an application for the
ESA with a site survey report and a radiological environmental
69.4 LICENSING SYSTEM AND SAFETY report shall be filed with the Minister of Education, Science and
ASSESSMENT Technology. Based on the results of the safety review by KINS of
the ESA application, the Minister will give an official approval.
69.4.1 Licensing System The objective of the safety review is to evaluate the adequacy of
The licensing process of nuclear installations consists of two the proposed nuclear site and the radiological impacts on the envi-
steps including issuance of a CP and an OL, which are prescribed ronment surrounding the nuclear installation. The Ministry of
in the Atomic Energy Act; the early site approval system is con- Environment (MOE) is in charge of reviewing nonradiological
sidered as a preparatory step of the CP application, as shown in environmental impacts.
Fig. 69.3.
69.4.1.3 Construction Permit for Nuclear Installation To
69.4.1.1 Standard Design Approval Standard Design obtain a CP for nuclear installation, a CP application with the radi-
Approval (SDA) system can be applied to a standard design of ological environmental report, the preliminary SAR, and the qual-
NPP with an enhanced level of safety to improve the efficiency of ity assurance program for design and construction shall be filed
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TABLE 69.1 CONTENTS OF THE ATOMIC ENERGY ACT [2, 3]

Title Major Contents


Chapter 1 General Provisions Purpose of this Act and definitions of the terminology used in this Act
Chapter 2 Atomic Energy Commission and Establishment, functions, and composition of the Atomic Energy Commission
Nuclear Safety Commission and the Nuclear Safety Commission
Chapter 3 Establishment and enforcement Establishment and enforcement of the comprehensive promotion plan for nuclear
of the overall nuclear energy energy, nuclear energy research and development institution, burden of cost for
promotion program, research nuclear energy research and development work
and development, etc., of
nuclear energy
Chapter 3-2 Nuclear energy research and Establishment, management, and operation of the fund
development fund
Chapter 4 Construction and operation of Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
nuclear power reactors and to be submitted, regulatory inspection, records and keeping, appointment
related facilities (dismissal) and obligation of responsible persons for nuclear reactor operation,
notification of suspension or disuse of operation, transfer and inheritance,
measure for suspension, decommissioning and penalty surcharge
Section 1 Construction of nuclear power Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
reactors and related facilities to be submitted, regulatory inspection, records and keeping, appointment
(dismissal) and obligation of responsible persons for nuclear reactor operation,
notification of suspension or disuse of operation, transfer and inheritance,
measure for suspension, and decommissioning
Section 2 Operation of nuclear power reac- Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
tors and related facilities to be submitted, regulatory inspection, records and keeping, appointment
(dismissal) and obligation of responsible persons for nuclear reactor operation,
notification of suspension or disuse of operation, transfer and inheritance,
measure for suspension, and decommissioning
Section 3 Construction and operation of Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
nuclear research reactors, etc. to be submitted, regulatory inspection, records and keeping, appointment
(dismissal) and obligation of responsible persons for nuclear reactor operation,
notification of suspension or disuse of operation, transfer and inheritance,
measure for suspension, and decommissioning
Chapter 6 Nuclear fuel cycle enterprise and Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
use, etc., of nuclear materials to be submitted, and regulatory inspection
Section 1 Nuclear fuel cycle enterprise Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
to be submitted, and regulatory inspection
Section 2 Use of nuclear materials Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, license application documents
to be submitted, and regulatory inspection
Chapter 7 Radioisotopes and radiation gen- Criteria for permit (license), licensing procedures, and regulatory inspection
erating devices
Chapter 8 Disposal and transport Permit for construction and operation of disposal facilities, and regulatory
inspections
Chapter 9 Personnel dosimetry service Registration of personnel dosimetry service and regulatory inspection
Chapter 10 License and examination License examination and certificate of license
Chapter 11 Regulation and supervision Establishment of exclusion area and preventive measures against radiation hazards
Chapter 12 Supplementary provisions Conditions for permit or designation, approval of report on specific technical
subjects, hearing, protection for the individual in charge of safety manage-
ment, education, and training
Chapter 13 Penal provisions Penal provisions, fine for negligence, and joint penal provisions
Addenda Enforcement date, transitional measures, and relations with other laws

with the Minister of Education, Science and Technology. KINS The KINS review of the CP application is performed to confirm
reviews the CP application with submittals, including Preliminary if the site and the preliminary design of the nuclear installation
Safety Analysis Report. Then the CP is issued by the Minister after comply with the relevant regulatory requirements and technical
NSC deliberation of the KINS review results. guidelines. It addresses the design principle and concept of the
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660 Chapter 69

TABLE 69.2 NOTICES OF THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY APPLICABLE
TO REACTOR FACILITIES [2, 4]

Numbers of
Notice no. Title Amendments
00-08 Technical Standards of the Location, Structures and Installation of Reactor Facilities 1
05-08 Regulation on Other Facilities Related to Nuclear Reactor Safety 3
05-04 Guidelines for the Application of the Korea Electric Power Industry Codes to the Technical 2
Standards of Reactor Facilities
05-19 Regulation on Preparation, etc. of Radiation Environmental Report of Nuclear Power Utilization 4
Facilities
04-17 Regulation on Survey and Evaluation of Environmental Radiation in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power 3
Utilization Facilities
01-38 Technical Standards for Safety Valve and Relief Valve of Reactor Facilities 1
01-39 Standards for Performance of Emergency Core Cooling System of the Pressurized Water Reactor 1
01-40 Pressure Integrity Test Criteria for Major Components of Reactor Facilities 2
04-15 Standards for Leak Rate Test of Reactor Containment 1
01-43 Regulation on Disposition and Management of Inspection Findings from Nuclear Facilities 4
05-07 Regulation on the Reporting and Public Announcement of the Accident and Incident for Nuclear 4
Facilities
01-46 Standard for Preparation of Operational Technical Specification 2
01-47 Detailed Standards for Quality Assurance of Reactor Facilities 0
05-09 Regulation on Pre-Service Inspection of Reactor Facilities 1
02-05 Regulation on the First Review Schedule for the Periodic Safety Review of Reactor Facilities 0
04-13 Regulation on In-Service Inspection of Reactor Facilities 3
04-14 Regulation on In-Service Testing of Safety-Related Pumps and Valves 0
02-21 Regulation on Safety Classifications and Applicable Codes & Standards for Reactor Facilities 1
05-03 Material Surveillance Criteria for Reactor Pressure Vessel 3
03-11 Technical Standards for Investigation and Evaluation of the Meteorological Conditions of Reactor 0
Facility Sites
03-12 Technical Standards for Investigation and Evaluation of the Hydrological and Oceanographic 0
Conditions of Reactor Facility Sites
05-10 Regulation on Items and Method of Periodic Inspection for Reactor Facilities 0
03-19 Regulation on Establishment and Implementation of Fire Protection Program 0
03-20 Technical Standards for Fire Hazards Analyses 0
06-05 Subjects to be Discussed According to Installation of Industrial Facilities etc. around the Nuclear 0
Facilities
07-18 Guidelines on the Application of Technical Standards for Evaluating the Continued Operation of 0
Nuclear Facilities

nuclear installation, the implementation of the regulatory criteria, Education, Science and Technology. Based on the KINS review
the evaluation results of the effects of construction on the environ- results of the OL application and preoperational inspections, the
ment, and a proposal for minimizing those effects. Minister issues the OL after deliberation by the NSC.
A radiological environmental report submitted for the CP appli- The safety review of the OL application is conducted to confirm
cation or the ESA application should contain the public opinions if the final design of the nuclear installation complies with the rele-
from residents of the area surrounding the nuclear installation vant regulatory requirements and technical guidelines and if the
through a public hearing, if necessary. nuclear installation can continue to operate throughout its lifetime.

69.4.1.4 Operating License (OL) for Nuclear Installation To 69.4.1.5 Amendment to the OL for Nuclear Installation To
obtain an OL for a nuclear installation, the OL application should make modifications to the specifics for which the OL has been
have the operational technical specifications, the final SAR, the given, such as changes in the operational technical specifications
quality assurance program for operation, and the radiological or in the design that may affect the safety of operating nuclear
emergency plan. The application shall be filed with the Minister of installations, it is necessary to obtain approval from the Minister of
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Korea Hydro & Nuclear Ministry of Education, Korea Institute of


Power Co. Ltd. Company Science and Technology Nuclear Safety
(KHNP) (MEST) (KINS)

Apply for early Site Request safety review for


Conduct safety review
approval (ESA) ESA
Construction permit Stage

Submit safety review


Launch foundation work Grant ESA
report

Apply for construction Request safety review for


Conduct safety review
permit (CP) CP

Commence construction Submit safety review


Issue CP
work report
<Nuclear Safety Commission Review>
Apply for preoperational
Request POIs Conduct POIs
inspections (POIs)
Operating license stage

Apply for operating license Request safety review for


Conduct safety review
(OL) OL

Submit safety review


report
Load fuel Issue OL
Submit POIs report
<Nuclear Safety Commission Review> (construction,
performance)
Submit POI report
Start-up test
(Start-up test)

Inform the POI results

Commence commercial
Commercial operation

operation
stage

Reload fuel and apply for


Request PI Conduct PI
periodical inspections (PI)

Power operation Inform PI results Submit PI report

FIG. 69.3 REACTOR LICENSING AND REGULATION SYSTEM

Education, Science and Technology. The procedure for the KINS conducts a safety review for the application of decommis-
approval for an amendment to the OL is the same as the applica- sioning approval. The review includes safety evaluations of the radi-
tion for an OL. A safety evaluation is performed to confirm if the ation protection during decommissioning, the radiological impacts
amendment to the OL affects the operational safety of nuclear on the environment surrounding the nuclear installation after decom-
installation. missioning, and the proposal for minimizing the impacts.

69.4.1.6 Approval for Decommissioning of Nuclear 69.4.2 Regulatory Inspections


Installation In case where the operator (licensee) of a nuclear Regulatory inspections for a nuclear installation include the pre-
installation intends to decommission it, to obtain an approval of operational inspection for nuclear installations under construction,
the Minister of Education, Science and Technology, a decommis- the periodic inspection for operating nuclear installations, the qual-
sioning plan shall be submitted. ity assurance audit, the daily inspection by resident inspectors, and
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662 Chapter 69

Korea Hydro & Nuclear Korea Institute of Ministry of Education,


Power Co. Ltd. Company Nuclear Safety Science and Technology
(KHNP) (KINS) (MEST)

Submitting application Receiving Application


document for inspections document and reviewing

Reviewing and adjusting


Preparing inspection plan
inspection plan

Receiving inspection plan


Informing inspection plan
and preparing inspections

Holding Premeeting Resident Inspector


Attending premeeting (inspection items and attending premeeting to
method) comment

Conducting inspections

Reporting findings of Receiving and reviewing


inspections Findings of inspections

Corrective actions and Requesting corrective


reporting actions

Reviewing corrective Requesting review of


actions results corrective action results

Informing whether results


If unsatisfactory, re-action
are satisfactory

Preparing and submitting Receiving and reviewing


review report review report

Planning corrective actions Formally informing results


including any corrective
and reporting results actions

Closing after confirmation

FIG. 69.4 REACTOR INSPECTION PROCESS

the special inspection pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act. The conducted for the construction quality and the operational
general inspection procedure is given in Fig. 69.4. performance of the facilities by means of a document review and
a field inspection.
69.4.2.1 Preoperational Inspection for the Nuclear
Installations under Construction The preoperational inspec- 69.4.2.2 Periodic Inspection for Operating Nuclear
tion for the set up of nuclear installations is conducted to verify Installations The periodic inspection for a nuclear installation
if the nuclear installation is properly constructed in conformity in operation is conducted to confirm if the nuclear installation
with the conditions of the CP and if the constructed nuclear has been properly operating in conformity with the OL condi-
installation can be operated safely throughout its lifetime. It is tions, if it can be maintained to be continuously competent for
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the high pressure and radiation conditions or other operating It is prescribed in the Atomic Energy Act that any violation of
environments, and if the performance of the installation main- the relevant provisions specified in the Act shall cause a penalty
tains license-based conditions. To do this, a document review and/or a fine according to its seriousness of violation.
and a field inspection are performed for a PWR plant during the
refueling outage period and for a PHWR plant during the peri-
odic maintenance. 69.5 LOCATIONS OF THE NUCLEAR
POWER PLANTS IN KOREA
69.4.2.3 Quality Assurance Audit The quality assurance audit
is performed to verify if all activities affecting the quality at every The status of the nuclear installations in Korea is shown in Fig.
stage of the design, construction, and operation of a nuclear instal- 69.5. As of January 2008, there are 20 units of NPPs in operation,
lation are being performed in conformity with the quality assur- which produce about 40% of the total electricity generation, 4
ance program approved by the regulatory body. It is performed units under construction, and another 4 units under consideration
periodically for nuclear installations in operation. for construction.
The 20 operating units consist of 16 PWR-type units and 4
69.4.2.4 Daily Inspection by Resident Inspectors The main PHWR-type units, while all 8 units under construction or under
purpose of the daily inspection is to daily check the nuclear instal- consideration for construction are of PWR type. Kori Unit 1, the
lations either under construction or in operation. It consists of a first NPP in Korea, started its commercial operation in April
field inspection on the surveillance tests, an investigation on the 1978. The reactor types, total installed capacity, and reactor sup-
measures taken when the reactor comes to reach an abnormal state, pliers of operating NPPs in Korea are shown in Table 69.3.
and a verification of the adequacy of the operators activity regard-
ing the radiation control.
69.6 INTRODUCTION TO THE NOTICES
69.4.2.5 Special Inspection When a serious or potentially seri- OF THE MINISTER OF THE
ous safety issue is identified or encountered, the special inspection EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND
consisting of an examination of the issue and an in-depth field TECHNOLOGY RELATED TO
investigation is performed to obtain a resolution for preventing any NUCLEAR POWER REACTOR BOILER
potential accidents or recurrence of the occurred accidents. AND PRESSURE VESSELS IN KOREA
69.4.3 Enforcement Among the 26 Notices of the Minister of Education, Science
If the safety review results confirm that the CP application and Technology applicable for the design, construction, operation,
complies with the relevant requirements, the Minister of inspection, testing, and so on of reactor facilities, the following 5
Education, Science and Technology will issue a CP. The Minister Notices are related to the reactor boiler and pressure vessels,
may impose additional conditions on the issuance of CP to the including piping, pumps, valves, and heat exchangers. These
minimum, if judged necessary to secure safety. If any violation is endorse or refer to publicly authorized industrial codes and stan-
identified in the process of the regulatory inspection, the Minister dards such as detailed technical requirements or standards.
may order the license holder to take appropriate corrective mea-
sures in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act. Notice No. 02-21, Regulation on Safety Classifications
The Minister of Education, Science and Technology is autho- and Applicable Codes & Standards for Reactor Facilities
rized to order the operators (licensees) to submit the needed docu- (issued in 1994 and amended in 2002) applied the ASME
ments concerning their business and supplemental materials, if B&PV Section III for the PWR plants and the CAN3/CSA-
considered necessary for the enforcement of the regulations. The N285.0 and N285.1 for the PHWR plants in prescribing the
Minister may also conduct a regulatory inspection to verify if the safety classification for the structures, systems, and compo-
documents comply with the field conditions and order the opera- nents important to safety and the applicable codes and stan-
tor to take appropriate corrective measures, if any, on the basis of dards in accordance with Article 12(1) of the Regulations on
the inspection results. Technical Standards for Nuclear Reactor Facilities, etc.
The Minister of Education, Science and Technology may order Notice No. 00-08, Technical Standards of the Location,
the revocation of the permit (or license) or the suspension of busi- Structures and Installation of Reactor Facilities (issued in
ness during a period of not exceeding one year, if one or more of 1983 and amended in 2000) applied the ASME B&PV Code,
the following cases are applicable: Section III, Subsections NCA, NB, NC, and ND as the stan-
dards for safety valves and relief valves installed at the nuclear
The case where the installer or operator has modified any mat- facilities, which was later replaced with the Notice No. 01-38,
ters concerning the permit (or license) without approval. Technical Standards for Safety Valve and Relief Valve of
The case where the installer or operator has failed to meet the Reactor Facilities (issued in 2000 and amended in 2001).
criteria for permit (or license). Notice No. 05-03, Material Surveillance Criteria for
The case where the installer or operator has violated an order Reactor Pressure Vessel (issued in 1992 and amended in
of the Minister of Education, Science and Technology issued 2000, 2003, and 2005) referred to the term reference nil-duc-
to take corrective measures on the basis of the results of reg- tility transition temperature (RTNDT) defined in the ASME
ulatory inspection for the construction or operation of a B&PV Code, Section III, NB-2330.
nuclear installation. Notice No. 04-13, Regulation on In-Service Inspection of
The case where the installer or operator has violated any of Reactor Facilities (issued in 1995 and amended in 1998,
the permit (or license) conditions or regulations on safety 2002, and 2004) applied the inspection standards provided in
measures during the operation of a nuclear installation. the ASME B&PV Code, Section XI, Division 1, Rules for
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664 Chapter 69

Russia

: in operation
: under construction
: under consideration of
construction

China

East Sea

Seoul
Yellow Sea Ulchin 1,2,3,4,5,6
Shin-Ulchin 1,2

Daejeon

Wolsong 1,2,3,4
Daegu Shin-Wolsong 1,2
Yonggwang 1,2,3,4,5,6 Gwangju Kori 1,2,3,4
Shin-Kori 1,2,3,4
Busan

Jeju Island

FIG. 69.5 LOCATIONS OF COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN KOREA (AS OF JANUARY 2008)

In-Service Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components for Education, Science and Technology, which endorsed or referred
the PWR Plants and the CAN/CSA-N285.4, Periodic to the ASME B&PV and/or the CAN/CSA Codes as discussed
Inspection of CANDU Nuclear Power Plant Components and above, are being amended to incorporate the KEPIC instead of the
CAN/CSA-N285.5, Periodic Inspection of CANDU Nuclear corresponding ASME B&PV Codes or alternatively to apply the
Power Plant Containment Components for the PHWR plants. ASME B&PV and/or the CAN/CSA Codes.
Notice No. 04-14, Regulation on In-Service Testing of
Safety-Related Pumps and Valves (issued in 1995 and
amended in 1998, 2002, and 2004) applied the testing standards 69.7 GUIDELINES FOR THE APPLICATION
provided in the ASME B&PV Code, Section XI, Subsections OF THE KOREA ELECTRIC POWER
IWP (for pumps) and IWV (for valves) or ASME Operation and INDUSTRY CODES TO THE
Maintenance Code, ISTB (for pumps) and ISTC (for valves). TECHNICAL STANDARDS OF
REACTOR FACILITIES (NOTICE
Prior to the issue of each of the above five Notices, the regula-
tions and safety standards of the countries from which a reactor
OF THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION,
was supplied were applied to the subject reactor, as necessary. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The Notices endorsed or incorporated the ASME B&PV Code for NO. 05-04)
the PWR plants and the CAN/CSA and ASME B&PV Codes for The full text of the Notice No. 05-04 Guidelines for the
the PHWR plants until the Notice of the Minister of Education, Application of the Korea Electric Power Industry Codes to the
Science and Technology No. 05-04 Guidelines for the Technical Standards of Reactor Facilities amended in 2005 is
Application of the Korea Electric Power Industry Codes to the discussed below:
Technical Standards of Reactor Facilities became effective.
Since the Notice No. 05-04 of the Minister of Education, Notice of the Minister of Education, Science and Technology
Science and Technology was issued in 1996 for the first time and No. 2005-04 (MEST Reactor 021) The Guidelines for the
amended in 2000 and 2005, the Notices of the Minister of Application of the Korea Electric Power Industry Code issued by
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TABLE 69.3 COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN KOREA (AS OF JANUARY 2008)

Issuance of
Reactor Capacity Operator NSSS Construction Initial First Commercial
Station name Type (MWe) (Owner) Supplier Permit Criticality Power Operation Status
Kori-1 PWR 573 KHNP WH 1972-05-31 1977-06-19 1977-06-26 1978-04-29 in operation
Kori-2 PWR 637 WH 1978-11-18 1983-04-09 1983-04-22 1983-07-25
Kori-3 PWR 963 WH 1979-12-24 1985-01-01 1985-01-22 1985-09-30
Kori-4 PWR 967 WH 1979-12-24 1985-10-26 1985-11-15 1986-04-29
ShinKori-1 PWR 960 DOOSAN 2005-07-01 - 2010-08-01 2010-12-31 under
construction
ShinKori-2 PWR 960 DOOSAN 2005-07-01 - 2011-08-01 2011-12-31
ShinKori-3 APR 1400 DOOSAN - - - - construction
planned
ShinKori-4 APR 1400 DOOSAN - - - -
Ulchin-1 PWR 939 FRAM 1983-01-25 1988-02-25 1988-04-07 1988-09-10 in operation
Ulchin-2 PWR 937 FRAM 1983-01-25 1989-02-25 1989-04-14 1989-09-30
Ulchin-3 PWR 994 KHI/KAERI/CE 1993-07-16 1997-12-21 1998-01-06 1998-08-11
Ulchin-4 PWR 993 KHI/KAERI/CE 1993-07-16 1998-12-14 1998-12-28 1999-12-31
Ulchin-5 PWR 994 DOOSAN 1999-05-17 2003-11-28 2003-12-18 2004-07-29
Ulchin-6 PWR 991 DOOSAN 1999-05-17 2004-12-16 2005-01-07 2005-06-01
Wolsong-1 PHWR 578 AECL 1978-02-15 1982-11-21 1982-12-31 1983-04-22
Wolsong-2 PHWR 684 AECL/KHI 1992-08-28 1997-01-29 1997-04-01 1997-07-01
Wolsong-3 PHWR 682 AECL/KHI 1994-02-26 1998-02-19 1998-03-25 1998-07-01
Wolsong-4 PHWR 685 AECL/KHI 1994-02-26 1999-04-10 1999-05-21 1999-10-01
ShinWolsong-1 PWR 1000 DOOSAN 2007-06-04 - - - under
construction
ShinWolsong-2 PWR 1000 DOOSAN 2007-06-04 - - -
Yonggwang-1 PWR 945 WH 1981-12-17 1986-01-31 1986-03-05 1986-08-25 in operation
Yonggwang-2 PWR 939 WH 1981-12-17 1986-10-15 1986-11-11 1987-06-10
Yonggwang-3 PWR 985 KHI/KAERI/CE 1989-12-21 1994-10-13 1994-10-30 1995-03-31
Yonggwang-4 PWR 988 KHI/KARI/CE 1989-12-21 1995-07-07 1995-07-18 1996-01-01
Yonggwang-5 PWR 987 DOOSAN 1997-06-14 2001-11-24 2001-12-19 2002-05-21
Yonggwang-6 PWR 993 DOOSAN 1997-06-14 2002-09-01 2002-09-16 2002-12-24
AECL, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited; CE, Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering; DOOSAN, Doosan Heavy Industries Co.; FRAM, Framatom;
KAERI, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute; KHI, Korea Heavy Industries Co.; KHNP, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co.; WH, Westinghouse
Electric Co.

the Korea Electric Association as the technical standards related to Code as the technical standard for the nuclear power reactor and its
the construction and operation of nuclear power reactor and related related facilities (hereinafter referred to as nuclear reactor facili-
facilities, defined in Articles 12 and 22 of the Atomic Energy Act, ties) defined in Articles 12 and 22 of the Atomic Energy Act.
are hereby notified publicly as follows:
Article 2 (Definitions of Terms) Definitions of the terms used in
March 22, 2005 this notice shall be as follows:
Minister of Education, Science and Technology
1. The term technical standards for nuclear reactor facilities
Guidelines for the Application of Korea Electric Power means the technical standards used to confirm safety of
Industry Code (KEPIC) as Technical Standards of Nuclear nuclear reactor facilities by the Minister of Education,
Reactor Facilities (Table 69.4) Article 1 (Purpose) The purpose Science and Technology, which are based on the standards of
of this notice is to prescribe the necessary requirements related to construction permit and operating license provided in Articles
scope, method, etc., in applying Korea Electric Power Industry 12 and 22 of the Atomic Energy Act and the technical
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666 Chapter 69

TABLE 69.4 KEPIC TO BE APPLIED AS TECHNICAL STANDARD OF NUCLEAR REACTOR FACILITIES

Area Category Title Reference Standards Remarks

QAP Nuclear Quality Assurance ASME NQA-1


(1994 Edition 1995 Addenda)
QA QAI Authorized Inspection ASME QAI-1 KEPIC shall be prior
(Quality assurance) (1995 Edition 1996 Addenda)
QAR Certificate of Registered ASME Appendix XXIII KEPIC shall be prior
Professional Engineer (1996 Addenda)
MNA General Requirements ASME III NCA
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MNB Class 1 Components ASME III Div. 1 NB
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MNC Class 2 Components ASME III Div. 1 NC
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MND Class 3 Components ASME III Div. 1 ND KEPIC shall be prior for
MN MNA
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
(Nuclear mechanical
components) MNE Class MC Components ASME III Div. 1 NE
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
Table 2 shall be applied
MNF Component Supports ASME III Div. 1 NF
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MNG Core Support Structures ASME III Div. 1 NG
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MNZ Appendices ASME III Div. 1 NZ
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MI MIA General Requirements ASME XI Div. 1 IWA Table 2 shall be applied
(In-service inspection (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
of nuclear power MIB Class 1 Components ASME XI Div. 1 IWB
plant components) (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MIC Class 2 Components ASME XI Div. 1 IWC
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MID Class 3 Components ASME XI Div. 1 IWD
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MIE Class MC and CC ASME XI Div. 1 IWE
Components (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MIF Class 1, 2, 3, and MC ASME XI Div. 1 IWF
Component Supports (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MIL Requirements for Class CC ASME XI Div. 1 IWL
Concrete Components (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MIZ Appendices ASME XI Div. 1 Appendix
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MO MOA General Requirements ASME OM-ISTA Table 2 shall be applied
(In-service testing of (1995 Edition 1999 Addenda)
nuclear power plant MOB In-Service Testing of ASME OM-ISTB
components) Pumps (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MOC In-Service Testing of Valves ASME OM-ISTC
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MOD In-Service Testing of ASME OM-Appendix I
Pressure Relief Devices (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MOE In-Service Testing of ASME OM-lSTD
Snubbers (1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MOF Performance Testing of ASME OM-Part 2
Closed Cooling Water (1994 Edition 1999 Addenda)
Systems

(continued)
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TABLE 69.4 Continued

Area Category Title Reference Standards Remarks

MOG Vibration Testing of Piping ASME OM-Part 3


Systems (1994 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MOH Performance Testing and ASME OM-Part 13
Monitoring of Power-Operated (1994 Edition 2000 Addenda)
Relief Valve (PORV)
Assemblies
MOI In-Service Testing and ASME OM-Part 16
Maintenance of Diesel (1994 Edition 1999 Addenda)
Devices
MON Code Cases ASME OMN Code Case
(1998 Edition 2000 Addenda)
MFA General Requirements ASME QME-1 Section QR
MF (1997 Edition 1998 Addenda)
(Functional MFB Functional Qualification of ASME QME-1 Section QP
qualification of mechan- Active Pump Assemblies (1997 Edition)
ical equipment used in MFC Functional Qualification of ASME QME-1 Section QV
nuclear power plants) Active Valve Assemblies (1997 Edition 2000 Addenda)
EN ENA General Requirements ANSI/ANS 51.1-1983
(Nuclear electrical (R1988)
components) ENB Design IEEE 279 (1971, R78), 308 (1991),
352 (1987, R93), 379 (1994, 2000),
384 (1992, R97), 420 (1982), 494
(1974, R9), 497 (1981), 577 (1976,
R92), 603 (1998), 7-4.3.2 (1993),
1023 (1988, R95), ANSI/ISA
S67.04 (1994, 2000)
END Qualification IEEE 323 (1983, R96), 344 (1987),
420 (1982), 627 (1980, R96)
ENF Periodic Surveillance Testing IEEE 338 (1987, R93)
SNA General Requirements ASME III, NCA KEPIC shall be prior
(1995 Edition 2000 Addenda)
SN SNB Concrete Containment ASME III, Div.2 CC (1995 Edition
(Nuclear structures) 2000 Addenda)
SNC Concrete Structures ACI 349 (1997)
SND Steel Structures AISC N690 (1994)
STA Design Loads ASCE 7 (1998)
Load criteria and interpretation
for architecture issued by the Table 2 shall be applied
ST Architectural Society of Korea
(Structure general) (2000)
STB Seismic Analysis ASCE 4 (1986), IEEE 344 (1987),
ASME QME-1 (1997), KEPIC shall be prior
ANSI/ANS-2.2 (1988)

standards provided in Articles 3 through 85 of the 3. The term reference standards means the technical stan-
Regulations on Technical Standards for Nuclear Reactor dards used as technical basis in developing KEPIC as defined
Facilities, etc; in the column of reference standards of Table 1.
2. The term Korea Electric Power Industry Code (KEPIC)
means the industrial technical standards developed and main- Article 3 (Scope of Application)
tained by the Korea Electric Association for applying to the 1. This notice may be applied to the safety-related facilities
electrical industry; and classified in accordance with Regulation on Safety
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668 Chapter 69

Classification and Applicable Codes and Standards for of the nuclear reactor facilities when the Minister of
Nuclear Reactor Facilities. Education, Science and Technology deems it necessary for
2. The whole or partial portion of the KEPIC defined in this the safety of nuclear reactor facilities.
notice may be applied optionally to the specific nuclear reac-
tor facilities. In this case, the details such as applicable date, Article 7 (Application of Technical Contents Unverified)
scope of application, etc. of the KEPIC shall follow the licens- 1. The contents of KEPIC which have not been used in domestic
ing conditions or the related regulations for the facilities. or foreign nuclear reactor facilities, nor verified as suitable to
3. KEPIC applied as the technical standards of nuclear reactor assure the safety may be applied only in case the Ministry of
facilities in accordance with this notice shall be limited to Education, Science and Technology approves its suitability.
those corresponding standards in KEPIC 2000 Edition, 2001 2. The limitations defined in Table 2 shall be followed for the
Addenda, 2002 Addenda and 2003 Addenda to the reference application of KEPIC (Table 69.5).
standards of Table 1. However, Paragraph 2 may apply to the
Article 8 (Report)
technical standards, which are not included in Table 1.
1. The Korea Electric Association shall report the status of
development and maintenance of KEPIC, operation status
Article 4 (Application Method) Method of application of the
of certification system, etc. semi-annually to the Minister of
KEPIC to the technical standards for nuclear reactor facilities shall
Education, Science and Technology. The Minister may
follow Articles 5 through 8.
request the corrective action for the reported contents.
2. The Korea Electric Association shall take a corrective action for
Article 5 (Interpretation of Standard) If there is an argument
the request of Paragraph 1 unless there is any special reason.
among the related parties on the interpretation of KEPIC as tech-
nical standard for nuclear reactor facilities, the interpretation of the
Addenda Article 1 (Enforcement Date) This notice shall be
Minister of Education, Science and Technology shall prevail.
effective on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Relationship with Other Existing Notices)
Article 6 (Application of Technical Contents Verified) The
Relationship between this notice and the other existing notices
KEPIC contents, which have been verified as suitable to assure the
shall be as follows, in spite of the enforcement of this notice.
safety of domestic or foreign nuclear reactor facilities shall be
applied as the technical standards of nuclear reactor facilities as
1. The KEPIC issued before this notice may be applied only if
follows:
such KEPIC meets requirements of this notice.
2. The detailed requirements for Safety Classification and
1. The reference standards shall be applied in case there are any
Applicable Codes and Standards, In-Service Inspection,
differences in technical contents between KEPIC and refer-
and In-Service Test shall be defined independent of this
ence standards. Provided, that KEPIC shall be applied when
notice.
the priority of KEPIC is stipulated in Remarks of Table 1 or
when the Minister of Education, Science and Technology Article 3 (Repeal of Notice) Notice of the MEST No.2000-17
deems KEPIC as applicable; and Guidelines for the Application of KEPIC as the Technical
2. The technical contents of reference standards which are not Standards of Nuclear Reactor Facilities is repealed at the time
included in KEPIC may be applied as the technical standards this notice becomes effective.

TABLE 69.5 LIMITATIONS FOR APPLICATION OF KEPIC 2000 EDITION AND 2001/2002/2003 ADDENDA

Area Limitations

Common (1) The requirements of KEPIC, which are not consistent with the quality assurance requirements of the
Atomic Energy Law and its subordinate law, shall not be applied.
(1) Weld leg dimensions
Licensees shall not apply Paragraph MNB-3683.4(3)(A), the equation of footnote (7) in
Figure MNC-3673.2-1 and Figure MND-3673.2-1.
MN (2) Seismic design
(Nuclear mechanical Licensees shall use Articles MNB-3200, MNB-3600, MNC-3600, and MND-3600 up to and
components) including the 1995 Edition. Licensees shall not use these Articles in the 1996 Edition through
the latest edition and its addenda.
(3) Independence of inspection
Licensees shall not apply MNA 4200.10(1).
(1) Licensees shall not apply the reference standards in MIA-1600-1.
(2) Licensees shall apply re-certification period of 3 years only for levels I and, II instead of 5 years
for levels I, II, and III defined in MIA 2314.
(3) The authorized inspector in MIA 4410, which allows the other procedure of welding material
control in case of acceptance by the authorized inspector, shall be changed to regulatory agency.
(4) The sentence of exemption of the periodic system pressure test for the penetrating piping
of containment vessel defined in MIA 5110(3) shall be deleted.
(continued)
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TABLE 69.5 Continued

Area Limitations

(5) The in-service inspection program for steam generator tubing is governed by the relevant
requirements in the technical specifications for operation, etc.
MI (6) Examination of concrete containment structure.
(In-service inspection For the applications of MIL of KEPIC 2001/2002/2003 Addenda, the licensee shall apply the
of nuclear power following additionally.
plant components) (A) For Class CC applications, the licensee shall evaluate the acceptability of inaccessible areas
when conditions exist in accessible areas that could indicate the presence of or result in
degradation to such inaccessible areas. For each inaccessible area identified, the licensee
shall provide the following in the ISI Summary Report required by MIA-6000
(1) A description of the type and estimated extent of degradation, and the conditions that
led to the degradation.
(2) An evaluation of each area and the result of the evaluation.
(3) A description of necessary corrective actions.
(B) Personnel who examine containment concrete surfaces and tendon hardware, wires,
or strands shall meet the qualification provisions in MIA 2300. The owner-defined
personnel qualification provisions in MIL 2310(4) are not approved for use.
(7) Examination of metal containments and the liners of concrete containment licensees applying
Subsection IWE, KEPIC 2001/2002/2003 Addenda, shall satisfy the followings additionally.
(A) For Class MC applications, the licensee shall evaluate the acceptability of inaccessible areas
when conditions exist in accessible areas that could indicate the presence of or result in
degradation to such inaccessible areas. For each inaccessible area identified, the licensee
shall provide the following in the ISI Summary Report as required by MIA-6000:
(1) A description of the type and estimated extent of degradation, and the conditions
that led to the degradation.
(2) An evaluation of each area, and the result of the evaluation.
(3) A description of necessary corrective actions.
(B) The following requirements may be used as an alternative to the requirements of IWE-2430:
MI If the examinations reveal flaws or areas of degradation exceeding the acceptance standards
(In-service inspection of Table MIE-3410-1, an evaluation must be performed to determine whether additional
of nuclear power plant component examinations are required. For each flaw or area of degradation identified, which
components) exceeds acceptance standards, the licensee shall provide the following in the ISI Summary
Report required by MIA-6000:
(1) A description of each flaw or area, including the extent of degradation, and the
conditions that led to the degradation.
(2) The acceptability of each flaw or area, and the need for additional examinations to
verify that similar degradation does not exist in similar components.
(3) A description of necessary corrective actions.
(4) The type and number of additional examination to verify the similar degradation.
(C) A general visual examination must be performed once each period.
When performing remotely the visual examinations, the maximum direct examination
distance specified in Table MIA- 2210-1 may be extended and the minimum illumination
requirements specified in Table MIA- 2210-1 may be decreased provided that the
conditions or indications for which the visual examination is performed can be detected
at the chosen distance and illumination.
(D) VT-1 and VT-3 examinations must be conducted in accordance with MIA-2200. Personnel
conducting examinations in accordance with the VT-1 or VT-3 examination method shall be
qualified in accordance with MIA-2300. The owner-defined personnel qualification
provisions in MIE-2330(1) for personnel who conduct VT-1 and VT-3 examinations are not
approved for use.
(E) The VT-3 examination method shall be used for the examinations in Items E1.12 and E1.30
of Table MIE-2500-1, and the VT-1 examination method shall be used for the examination
in Item E4.11 of Table MIE-2500-1. An examination of the pressure-retaining bolted con-
nections in Item E1.11 of Table MIE-2500-1 shall be conducted once each period using the
VT-3 examination method. The owner-defined visual examination provisions in MIE-
2310(1) are not approved for use for VT-1 and VT-3 examinations.
(F) Containment bolted connections that are disassembled during the scheduled examinations in
Item E1.11 of Table MIE-2500-1 shall be examined using the VT-3 examination method.
(continued)
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670 Chapter 69

TABLE 69.5 Continued

Area Limitations

Flaws or degradation identified during the VT-3 examination must be examined using the
VT-1 examination method. The criteria in the material specification or MIB-3517.1 shall be
used to evaluate containment bolting flaws or degradation. As an alternative to performing
VT-3 examinations of containment bolted connections that are disassembled during the
scheduled performance of Item E1.11, VT-3 examinations of containment bolted connec-
tions may be conducted whenever containment bolted connections are disassembled for
any reason.
(G) The ultrasonic examination acceptance standard specified in MIE-3511.3 for Class MC
pressure-retaining components shall also be applied to metallic liners of Class CC
MI
pressure-retaining components.
(In-service inspection (H) Following items shall be examined additionally:
of nuclear power plant (1) Circumferential welds of flued head and bellows seal penetration shall be examined in
components) addition to the item E1.10 of Table MIE 2500-1.
(2) Sealants, gaskets, dissimilar metal welds, and bolt connections shall be examined in
accordance with items E5.10, E5.20, E7.10, and E8.20 in Table MIE 2500-1 of KEPIC
2000 Edition, respectively.
(8) Class 1 piping
Licensees may not apply MIB-1220, Components Exempt from Examination, of KEPIC and
shall apply IWB-1220, 1989 Edition of ASME Code Section XI.
(9) Underwater Welding
The provisions in MIA-4660 underwater welding of KEPIC MI are not approved for use on
irradiated material.
(10) Flaws of Class 3 piping
ASME Code Case N-513 (Rev. 0), Evaluation Criteria for Temporary Acceptance of Flaws in
Class 3 Piping, and N-523-1, Mechanical Clamping Devices for Class 2 and 3 Piping may be
applied. For the applications of Code Case N-523-1, the licensee shall apply all the requirements
of this Code Case. For the applications of Code Case N-513, the licensee shall apply all the
requirements of this Code Case on the following conditions.
(A) For the applications of Code Case N-513, specific safety factors of Article 4.0 shall be met.
(B) Code Case N-513 may not be applied in the following cases:
MI (1) Components other than pipe and tube, such as pumps, valves, expansion joints, and heat
(In-service inspection exchangers.
of nuclear power plant (2) Leakage through flange gasket
components) (3) Nonstructural seal-welded threaded connections to prevent leakage (integrity of thread
shall be maintained even thought leak path of seal weld is not a structural flaw).
(4) Failed socket weld.
(11) MIZ, Appendix VIII personnel qualification
All personnel qualified for performing ultrasonic examinations in accordance with Appendix
VIII shall receive 8 h of annual hands-on training on specimens that contain cracks. Training
must be completed no earlier than 6 months prior to performing ultrasonic examinations at a
licensees facility. Training time requirement may not be applied in case that the personnel con-
tinuously performs ultrasonic examination continually.
(12) MIZ, Appendix VIII specimen set requirements
(A) When applying Supplements 2, 3, and 10 to Appendix VIII, the following
examination coverage criteria requirements must be used.
(1) Piping must be examined in two axial directions, and when examination in the
circumferential direction is required, the circumferential examination must be performed
in two directions, provided access is available. Dissimilar metal welds must be exam-
ined axially and circumferentially.
(2) Where examination from both sides is not possible, full coverage credit may be claimed
from a single side for ferritic welds. Where examination from both sides is not possible
on austenitic welds or dissimilar metal welds, full coverage credit from a single side
may be claimed only after completing a successful single-sided Appendix VIII demon-
stration using flaws on the opposite side of the weld. Dissimilar metal weld qualifica-
tions must be demonstrated from the austenitic side of the weld and may be used to per-
form examinations from either side of the weld.

(continued)
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TABLE 69.5 Continued

Area Limitations

(B) The following provisions must be used in addition to the requirements of Supplement 4
to Appendix VIII:
(1) Related to Paragraph 3.1 (Detection acceptance criteria) of Supplement 4, personnel are
qualified for detection if the results of the performance demonstration satisfy the
detection requirements of Appendix VIII, Table VIII-S4-1 and no flaw greater than 0.25
in. through wall dimension is missed.
(2) Related to Paragraph 1.1(5) (Detection test matrix) of Supplement 4, flaws smaller than
the 50% of allowable flaw size, as defined in MIB-3500, need not be included as detec-
tion flaws. For procedures applied from the inside surface, use the minimum thickness
specified in the scope of the procedure to calculate a/t. For procedures applied from the
outside surface, the actual thickness of the test specimen is to be used to calculate a/t.
(C) When applying Supplement 4 to Appendix VIII, the following provisions must be used:
(1) A depth sizing requirement of 0.15 in. RMS must be used in lieu of the requirements in
Subparagraphs 3.2(1) of Supplement 4, and a length sizing requirement of 0.75 in. RMS
must be used in lieu of the requirement in Subparagraph 3.2(2).
(2) In lieu of the location acceptance criteria requirements of Subparagraph 2.1(2) of
MI Supplement 4, a flaw will be considered detected when reported within 1.0 in. or 10%
(In-service inspection of the metal path to the flaw, whichever is greater, of its true location in the X and Y
of nuclear power plant directions.
components) (3) In lieu of the flaw-type requirements of Subparagraph 1.1(5)(a) of Supplement 4, a min-
imum of 70% of the flaws in the detection and sizing tests shall be cracks. Notches, if
used, must be limited by the following:
(a) Notches must be limited to the case where examinations are performed from the
clad surface.
(b) Notches must be semielliptical with a tip width of less than or equal to 0.010 in.
(c) Notches must be perpendicular to the surface within 2 deg.
(4) In lieu of the detection test matrix requirements in Paragraphs 1.1(5)(b) and 1.1(5)(c) of
Supplement 4, personnel demonstration test sets must contain a representative
distribution of flaw orientations, sizes, and locations.
(D) The following provisions must be used in addition to the requirements of Supplement 6
to Appendix VIII:
(1) With regard to Paragraph 3.1(Detection Acceptance Criteria) of Supplement 6, the
following provisions must be met for the detection qualification of personnel:
(a) No surface-connected flaw greater than 0.25 in. through wall has been missed.
(b) No embedded flaw greater than 0.50 in. through wall has been missed.
(2) With regard to Paragraph 3.1(Detection Acceptance Criteria) of Supplement 6, all flaws
within the scope of the procedure are detected for procedure qualification.
(3) With regard to Paragraph 1.1(2) of Supplement 6, flaws smaller than the 50% of
allowable flaw size, as defined in MIB-3500, need not be included as detection flaws.
Flaws that are less than the allowable flaw size, as defined in MIB-3500, may be used as
detection and sizing flaws.
(4) Notches are not permitted.
(E) When applying Supplement 6 to Appendix VIII, the following provisions must be used:
(1) A depth sizing requirement of 0.25 in. RMS must be used in lieu of the requirements of
Subparagraphs 3.2(1), 3.2(3)(b), and 3.2(3)(c) of Supplement 6.
(2) With regard to the location acceptance criteria requirements in Subparagraph 2.1(2) of
Supplement 6, a flaw will be considered detected when reported within 1.0 in. or 10% of the
metal path to the flaw, whichever is greater, of its true location in the X and Y directions.
MI (3) In lieu of the length sizing criteria requirements of Subparagraph 3.2(2) of Supplement
(In-service inspection 6, a length sizing acceptance criteria of 0.75 in. RMS must be used.
of nuclear power plant (4) In lieu of the detection specimen requirements in Subparagraph 1.1(5)(a) of Supplement
components) 6, a minimum of 55% of the flaws must be cracks. The remaining flaws may be cracks
or fabrication-type flaws, such as slag and lack of fusion. The use of notches is not
allowed.
(5) With regard to Paragraphs 1.1(5)(b) and 1.1(5)(c) detection test matrix of Supplement 6,
personnel demonstration test sets must contain a representative distribution of flaw ori-
entations, sizes, and locations.
(continued)
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672 Chapter 69

TABLE 69.5 Continued

Area Limitations

(F) The following provisions may be used for personnel qualification for combined
Supplements 4 and 6 to Appendix VIII. Licensees choosing to apply this combined
qualification shall apply all of the provisions of Supplements 4 and 6 including the
following provisions:
(1) For detection and sizing, the total number of flaws shall be at least 10. A minimum of 5
flaws shall be those from Supplement 4, and a minimum of 50% of the flaws shall be
those from Supplement 6. At least 50% of the flaws in any sizing must be cracks.
Notches are not acceptable for Supplement 6.
(2) Examination personnel are qualified for detection and length sizing when the results of
any combined performance demonstration satisfy the acceptance criteria of Supplement
4 to Appendix VIII.
(3) For examination of reactor pressure vessel nozzle-to-shell welds conducted from the
outside of the vessel.
(a) The clad to base metal interface and the adjacent metal to a depth of 15% T (thick-
ness measured from the clad to base metal interface) must be examined from one
radial and two opposing circumferential directions using a procedure and personnel
qualified in accordance with Supplement 4 to Appendix VIII, as modified by
(B) and (C) of (12) in this limitations, for examinations performed in the radial
direction, and Supplement 5 to Appendix VIII, as modified by (J) of (12) in this
limitations, for examinations performed in the circumferential direction.
(b) The examination volume not addressed by [(K)(3)(a)] in this paragraph must be
examined in a minimum of one radial direction using a procedure and personnel
qualified for single-sided examination in accordance with Supplement 6 to
Appendix VIII, as modified by (D), (E), (F), and (G) of (12) in this limitations.
(4) Table VIII-S7-1, Flaw Locations and Orientations, of Supplement 7 to Appendix VIII,
shall be modified as follows:

Table VIII S7-1 Flaw Locations and Orientation

Group Parallel to weld Perpendicular to weld

Inner 15 percent O O
OD Surface O
Subsurface O

MI (L) As a modification to the requirements of Supplement 8, Subparagraph 1.1(3) to Appendix


(In-service inspection VIII, notches may be located within one diameter of each end of the bolt or stud.
of nuclear power plant (M) When implementing Supplement 12 to Appendix VIII, only the provisions related to the
components) coordinated implementation of Supplement 3 to Supplement 2 performance demonstrations
are to be applied.
(13) MIZ, Appendix VIII single side ferritic vessel and piping and stainless steel piping examination.
(A) Examinations performed from one side of a ferritic vessel weld must be conducted with
equipment, procedures, and personnel who have demonstrated proficiency with single side
examinations. To demonstrate equivalency to two-sided examinations, the demonstration
must be performed to the requirements of Appendix VIII as modified by this paragraph and
(B) through (G) of (12) in this limitations, on specimens containing flaws with nonoptimum
sound energy reflecting characteristics or flaws similar to those in the vessel being exam-
ined.
(B) Examinations performed from one side of a ferritic or stainless steel pipe weld must be con-
ducted with equipment, procedures, and personnel that have demonstrated proficiency with
single side examinations. To demonstrate equivalency to two-sided examinations, the
demonstration must be performed to the requirements of Appendix VIII as modified by this
paragraph and (A) of (12) in this limitations.
(14) Certification of NDE personnel
(A) Level I and II nondestructive examination personnel shall be recertified on a 3-year interval
in lieu of the 5-year interval specified in MIA-2314 (1) and (2).

(continued)
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TABLE 69.5 Continued

Area Limitations

(B) Paragraph MIA-2316 may only be used to qualify personnel that observe for leakage during
system leakage and hydrostatic tests conducted in accordance with MIA-5211(1) and (2).
(C) When qualifying visual examination personnel for VT-3 visual examinations under
Paragraph MIA-2317, the proficiency of the training must be demonstrated by administering
an initial qualification examination and administering subsequent examinations on a 3-year
interval.
MI (15) Alternative nondestructive examination methods
(In-service inspection The provisions for the substitution of alternative examination methods, a combination of
of nuclear power plant methods or newly developed techniques defined in MIA-2240 in KEPIC 2000 must be applied.
components) The provisions in MIA-2240 of KEPIC 2001 Addenda (including its later addenda) are not
approved for use. The provisions in MIA-4520(3), allowing the substitution of alternative
examination methods, a combination of methods or newly developed techniques for the
methods specified in the Construction Code are not approved for use.
(16) System leakage tests
When performing system leakage tests in accordance with MIA-5213(1), a 10-min hold time
after attaining test pressure is required for Class 2 and 3 components that are not in use during
normal operating conditions. No hold time is required for the remaining Class 2 and 3 compo-
nents provided that the system has been in operation for at least 4 h for insulated components or
10 min for un-insulated components.
(17) Table MIB-2500-1 examination requirements
(A) The provisions of Table MIB-2500-1, Examination Category BD, Full Penetration Welded
Nozzles in Vessels, Items B3.120 and B3.140 (examination plan B) in the KEPIC 2000
Edition, must be applied when using the KEPIC 2002 Addenda (including its later edition
and addenda). A visual examination with enhanced magnification that has a resolution sensi-
tivity to detect a 1-mil width wire or crack, utilizing the allowable flaw length criteria in
Table IWB-3512-1, may be performed in lieu of an ultrasonic examination.
(B) The provisions of Table IWB-2500-1, Examination Category BG-2, Item B7.80 in the
ASME 1995 Edition, are applicable only to reused bolting.
(C) The provisions of Table IWB-2500-1, Examination Category BK, Item B10.10, in the
ASME 1995 Addenda must be applied.
(1) Motor-operated valve testing shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of in-ser-
vice operating test for category A, B defined in MOC 4200, KEPIC 2000, or the requirements of
valve testing defined in MOC 3500, KEPIC 2001/2002/2003 Addenda. And a program to ensure
that motor-operated valves continue to be capable of performing their design basis safety func-
MI tions shall be established.
(In-service inspection (2) Code Cases except MON-1 Alternative Requirements for pre-service and in-service testing
of nuclear power plant of motor-operated valve assemblies used in nuclear power plants may be applied through such
components) procedures as approval of relief request.
(3) When applying Appendix I, Check Valve Condition Monitoring Program of the MOC, follow-
ing requirements shall be satisfied.
(A) Valve opening and closing functions must be demonstrated when flow testing or examina-
tion methods (nonintrusive, or disassembly and inspection) are used.
(B) The initial test interval may not exceed two fuel cycles or 3 years, whichever is longer. Any
extension of this interval may not exceed one fuel cycle per extension with the maximum
interval not to exceed 10 years. Trending and evaluation of existing data must be used to
reduce or extend the time interval between tests.
(C) If the condition monitoring program is discontinued, then the test requirements of MOC
4510 through 4540, KEPIC 2000 Edition, or MOC 3510/3520/3540/5221, KEPIC
2001/2002/2003 Addenda must be applied.
(4) MOE In-service testing for Snubbers instead of the requirements of Snubbers defined in MIF
5200(1), (2) and MIF 5300(1), (2) may be applied by making appropriate changes to their
technical specifications or licensee-controlled documents.
ST (5) Manual valves shall be tested at 2 year interval instead of 5 year interval defined in MOC 3540,
(Structure general) KEPIC 2002 Addenda.
(1) STA 2000, STA 3270, STA 4000s for design load, which are standards for commercial facil-
ities, are not approved for use in nuclear reactor facilities.
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674 Chapter 69

69.8 INDUSTRIAL CODE IN KOREA: In accordance with the Notice No. 05-04 of the Minister of
KOREA ELECTRIC POWER Education, Science and Technology, which was issued in 1996,
INDUSTRY CODE (KEPIC) [5, 6] part of KEPIC Code was initially applied for the construction of
Ulchin Nuclear Units 5 and 6 from the year of 1997. The Notice
69.8.1 Background and Status of KEPIC Development was amended in 2000 and 2005 to endorse the application of later
Since 1970s, Korea has been promoting the nuclear energy editions of KEPIC Code to all phases of nuclear power project
industry to secure a stable, economical, and environment-friendly such as the subsequent constructions of NPPs as well as to the
energy needed for the rapidly growing industry for increasing the designs of new reactor systems such as the SMART-P, an integral-
standard of living, which demands a lot of energy. In the early type PWR. KEPIC is also being applied to the design, construc-
stage of 1970s, when Kori Unit 1 and Wolsong Unit 1 were tion, and operation of fossil power plants.
imported and constructed on a turnkey basis, Korea had neither a Pursuant to the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
matured technology needed for the design, construction, and (TBT) in 1995, the international trend of codes and standards has
operation of electric power plant nor had their own detailed regu- been changing rapidly. To keep abreast of such international envi-
latory technical codes and standards. ronment, the KEA has been trying to amend the KEPIC Code
During 1980s, as an engineering self-reliance program for elec- continuously (Table 69.6).
tric power plant systems and components was established, Korea
firstly accomplished the system standardizations of 500 MWE 69.8.2 Contents of the KEPIC
class for fossil power and 1000 MWE class for nuclear power. In The KEPIC consists of two main areas, technical requirements
the process, some action plans were devised and one of them was and administrative requirements. Technical requirements are
to develop Korean codes and standards with a detailed approach based on the U.S. codes and standards. They are same as the cor-
toward the engineering self-reliance in power plant materials and responding standards except for the use of KEPICs own number-
components. ing system. The administrative requirements of each standard
Korea Electric Power Corporation started a feasibility study have been developed by modifying the ASME Section III, NCA
of the program for developing a set of Korean codes and stan- General Requirements to be suitable for the industrial circum-
dards for power plant materials and components in 1987, at the stances and situation of each technical sector in Korea. The ISO
request of the Korean Government. As a result of the feasibili- 9001 quality management system and the authorized inspection
ty study, the title of the Korean codes and standards under con- system are adopted for the non-nuclear safety sector. The contents
sideration for development was proposed as Korea Electric of KEPIC developed so far, with the corresponding reference
Power Industry Code (KEPIC) and the following key princi- codes on which each KEPIC provisions are based, are given in
ples were suggested to be applied as the bases of the code Table 69.4.
development. While the subparts for nuclear structures, systems, and compo-
nents of KEPIC are applicable to all items and activities related to
The scope of KEPIC should cover the safety and reliability- nuclear safety, those for non-nuclear structures, systems, and
related materials and components. components of KEPIC are applicable to nonsafety items of NPPs
The part of KEPIC for the safety-related system of nuclear or fossil power plants. Both nuclear- and non-nuclear-related sub-
power unit should be based on those applied for the construc- parts can be identified respectively with the second letter, N or G
tion of Younggwang nuclear power units 3 and 4. if any, of two capital-lettered symbols representing the titles of
The part of KEPIC for the fossil power system should be KEPIC subparts (area). For example, MN denotes the subpart for
based on those applied for the construction of Tae-An fossil nuclear mechanical components, whereas MG denotes the non-
power Units 1 and 2. nuclear mechanical components. Other subparts of the KEPIC
The part of KEPIC for the nonsafety-related system of nuclear Code, such as MD (materials), ME (nondestructive examination),
unit should be applicable for the fossil power facilities. MQ (welding and brazing qualification), SW (structural welding),
The technical requirements of KEPIC are basically the same and ST (extra provisions for structure) are applicable to either
as those of the authorized foreign and/or international indus- nuclear or non-nuclear items that are common to N or G. The sub-
trial codes and standards selected as references such as ASME part ET for the transmission, transformation, and distribution
B&PV Code, IEEE Code, and so on. standards are partially applicable to switchyard items at power
The administrative requirements of KEPIC should be suit- plants.
able for the existing administrative elected systems of
Korea by modifying the authorized foreign and/or interna-
tional industrial codes and standards that are selected as 69.8.3 Development Procedure of the KEPIC
references. The first step of the KEPIC development process is to prepare a
The structure of KEPIC concerning electricity and power preliminary draft of code, which is conducted by the working
facilities shall match with the existing codes and standards groups comprised of technical experts from the industry pertain-
that had been endorsed or referred in the regulations. ing to corresponding areas. The draft is reviewed by the subcom-
mittees, consisting of experts from the industry, academia,
In 1992, the development of KEPIC was initiated on the basis research sectors, and authorities; opinions and comments on it
of the above key principles. The first edition of KEPIC Codes from the relevant industry are also sought. The corresponding
composed of five parts in 33 volumes was published in 1995 by subcommittee revises the draft by considering or reflecting the
KEA. KEA was founded in 1965 for the purpose of promoting review comments and opinions and refers it to the relevant techni-
and advancing the technologies in the fields of electric power gen- cal committee. The final revised draft becomes effective on
eration, equipment manufacturing and construction, and electrical approval by the technical committee.
safety. Figure 69.6 shows the organization chart of KEPIC committees.
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COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 675

TABLE 69.6 COMPARISON BETWEEN KEPIC CODE AND REFERENCED FOREIGN OR INTERNATIONAL CODES AND
STANDARDS FOR THE MECHANICAL COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES (1/2)

Area Category Title Reference Standards


QA QAP Nuclear Quality Assurance ASME NQA
(Quality assurance) QAI Authorized Inspection ASME QAI-1
QAR Certificate of Registered Professional Engineer ASME Appendix. XXIII
MNA General Requirements ASME Section .III NCA
MNB Class 1 Components ASME Section III, Div. 1 NB
MN MNC Class 2 Components ASME Section III, Div. 1 NC
(Nuclear mechanical MND Class 3 Components ASME Section III, Div. 1 ND
components) MNE Class MC Components ASME Section III, Div. 1 NE
MNF Component Supports ASME Section III, Div. 1 NF
MNG Core Support Structures ASME Section III, Div. 1 NG
MNZ Appendices ASME Section III, Div. 1 NZ
MGA General Requirements ASME Section III NCA
MG MGB Pressure Vessel ASME Section VIII, Div. 1
(General mechanical MGC Heat Exchanger HEI, TEMA
components) MGD Storage Tank API 650
MGE Piping ASME B 31.1
MGF Pump HI
MGG Valve ASME B 16.34
MGH Condenser HEI
MGI Feed water Heater HEI
MC MCN Crane for Nuclear Power Plants ASME NOG-1
(Crane) MCF Crane for Fossil Power Plants CMAA-70
MHA General Requirements ASME AG-1, Div.I
MH MHB Air Cleaning and Conditioning ASME AG-1, Div.II
(Air cleaner and con- MHD Testing Procedure ASME
ditioner) MDF Ferrous material ASME Section II, Part A
MDN Non ferrous metal ASME Section II, Part B
MD MDW Welding Rods, Electrodes, and Filler Metals ASME Section II, Part C
(Material) MDP Allowable Stress ASME Section II, Part D
MEN Non destructive Examination ASME Section V
ME (NDE) MQW Welding Qualification ASME Section IX, Part QW
MQ MQB Brazing Qualification ASME Section IX, Part QB
(Welding) MIA General Requirements ASME XI, Div. 1 IWA
MIB Class 1 Components ASME XI, Div. 1 IWB
MI MIC Class 2 Components ASME XI, Div. 1 IWC
(In-service inspection MID Class 3 Components ASME XI, Div. 1 IWD
of NPP compo- MIE Metallic Containment & Metallic Liner ASME XI, Div. 1 IWE
nents) MIF Class 1, 2, 3, and MC Component Supports ASME XI, Div. 1 IWF
MIL Class CC Concrete Containment Structure ASME XI, Div. 1 IWL
MIZ Appendices ASME XI, Div. 1 Appendix
MOA General Requirements ASME OM Subsection ISTA
MO MOB Pump ASME OM Subsection ISTB
(In-service testing of MOC Valve ASME OM Subsection ISTC
NPP components) MOD Pressure Relief Device ASME OM Mandatory Appendix 1
MOE Snubber ASME OM Subsection ISTD
MOF Cooling System Performance Test ASME OM S/G Part 2
MF MOG Piping System Vibration Test ASME OM S/G Part 3
(Functional qualifica- MOH Motor-Operated Pressure Relief Valve ASME OM S/G Part 13
tion of nuclear MOI Diesel-Driven Equipment ASME OM S/G Part 16
mechanical compo- MIA General Requirements ASME QME-1 Section QR
nents) MIB Active Pump Assembly ASME QME-1 Section QP
MIC Active Valve Assembly ASME QME-1 Section QV
MB (Boiler) MBB Boiler ASME Section I
MT MTG Turbine/Generator RRC-TA
(Turbine/Generator) SNA General Requirements ASME Section III NCA
SN SNB Containment Structure ASME Section III Div. 2
(NPP Structure) SNC Steel-Concrete Structure ACI 349, ACI 318
SND Steel Structure AISC-N690
(continued)
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676 Chapter 69

TABLE 69.6 Continued

Area Category Title Reference Standards

SGA General Requirements ASME Section III NCA


SG SGB Steel-Concrete Structure ACI-318
(Structure general) SGC Steel Structure-Allowable Stress Design Method AISC-ASD
SGD Steel Structure-Load Resistance Coefficient
ST Design Method AISC-LRFD
(General rules of struc- STA Design Loads ASCE 7
ture) STB Seismic Analysis ASCE 4
SW SWS Steel Structure AWS D 1.1
(Structure welding) SWT Thin Steel Plate Structure AWS D 1.3
FP FPC Common Requirements NFPA 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 24
(Fire protection) FPN Fire Protection of Nuclear Power Plants NFPA 20, 803, 804
FPF Fire Protection of Fossil Power Plants NFPA 850
ND (NPP Design) NDA Design of Nuclear Power Plants ANS-51.1
NF (Nuclear fuel) NFA Nuclear Fuel RCC-C
NR (Radiation) Radiation ANS
EN Class 1E Equipment IEEE, ANSI, ISA, etc.
KEPIC-E EM Measuring & Control Equipment IEEE, ISA, IEC, etc.
(Electrical) EE Electric Equipment NEMA, IEC, ANSI, etc.
EC Cables & Raceways ASTM, NEMA, IEEE, etc.
ET Transmission, Transformation, and Distribution IEC, IEEE
RRC-TA, French NPP Code-Turbine & Generator; RCC-C, French NPP Code- Nuclear Fuel.

69.8.4 Conformity Assessment System authorized inspectors /supervisors, registered Professional


It is required in the KEPIC that qualified organizations and Engineers (RPEs), and NDE personnel.
individuals should perform their appropriate functions to achieve The nuclear certification system including the N-type certifi-
the safety and reliability goals of the NPPs. This conformity cate, authorized nuclear inspection and pressure relief testing lab-
assessment system includes accreditation for nuclear safety-relat- oratory, and so on. is also very similar to that of ASME except
ed organizations and the qualification for personnel, such as that KEPIC includes the organizations related to class 1E items

Steering Committee

Quality Assurance Nuclear Mechanical Structural Electrical Fire Protection


Technical Committee Technical Committee Technical Committee Technical Committee Technical Committee Technical Committee

Subcommittee (1) Subcommittee (3) Subcommittee (8) Subcommittee (4) Subcommittee (5)

Quality system NPP design Nuclear mechanical Concrete Nuclear electrical


Nuclear fuel components containment Induced & rotating
Radiation Boiler & pressure Reinforced equipment
vessel concrete structure I&C
Materials Steel structures Breakers & isolators
Welding Seismic design Cables & raceways
NDE
T/G
Fluid components
Auxiliary
components

FIG. 69.6 KEPIC COMMITTEES


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COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 677

Description ASME Section.III, Div.1 KEPIC - MN

Components
1 1N

Parts &
appurtenance
3 3NP

Installation

2 2NC

FIG. 69.7 CODE SYMBOL STAMPS OF ASME AND KEPIC

and seismic category I structures. KEPIC specifies that every for design, manufacturing, operation, maintenance, and testing
organization including the owner, designer, manufacturer, and inspection of nuclear and non-nuclear mechanical compo-
installer, and material organization shall obtain a certificate from nents including pressure vessels and piping.
KEA according to the general requirements of each nuclear stan-
dard. Especially, the nuclear mechanical items need the code data
report and stamping. The code symbol stamps of ASME Section 69.10 REFERENCES
III, Div.1 and KEPIC-MN are shown for comparison in Fig. 69.7.
1. Jo, J. C., Kim, H. J., Oh, K. M., and Cho, D. Y., Current Status of In-
KEPIC-MN (nuclear mechanical) and KEPIC-SNB (concrete
service Testing Program Development and Implementation in Korea.
containment) require that pressure-retaining items shall be The 5th NRC/ASME Symposium on Valve and Pump Testing, 1998,
inspected at both phases of manufacturing and site installation by U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission: NUREG/CP-0152: 3B/25-
authorized nuclear inspectors, who are affiliated with the autho- 3B/37.
rized inspection agency accredited by KEA in accordance with
2. C.W. Cho, Y.S. Kim, S.B. Kim, H.D. Chung (Ministry of Education,
the requirements of KEPIC-QAI (authorized inspection). Both
Science and Technology); Y.S. Eun, Y.W. Park, C.B. Kim, K.S. Choi,
authorized nuclear inspectors and authorized nuclear inspector D.K. Park, H.S. Chang, S.W. Kim, W.S. Kim, S.N. Choi, W.T. Kim,
supervisors shall be qualified by KEA. Pressure relief devices, S.H. Yang, G.T. Kim, C.H. Hyun, J.B. Lee, B.S. Lee, D.I. Kim, S.H.
such as safety valves, relief valves, rupture disks, and so on, shall Lee (Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety); Y.S. Park, H.B. Cho, K.N.
comply with the requirements for overpressure protection of Kim and B.R. Park (Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.); K.H.
KEPIC-MN, and shall be tested at the place, wherever testing Chang (Korea Power Engineering Company); S.K. Kim, J.D. Kim
facilities, methods, procedures, and authorized observers are (Doosan Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.); S.C. Chang (Korea Atomic
required to meet the requirements of ASME PTC-25. KEA has Energy Research Institute), The 3rd National Report for the
certified Framatome-ANP in Germany as a KEAs designee and Convention on Nuclear Safety, The Republic of Korea, 2004.
pressure relief device testing laboratory. The design drawings and 3. The Statute Book including the Atomic Energy Act, Enforcement
all test results of pressure relief devices shall be submitted to Decree of Atomic Energy Act, Enforcement Regulation of the Act,
KEA or any of KEAs designees for review and acceptance. Enforcement Regulation Concerning the Technical Standards of
Reactor Facilities, and others., and the Enforcement Regulation
Concerning the Technical Standards of Radiation Safety
Management, and so on., Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 2006.
69.9 CONCLUSIONS 4. The Collection of Notices of the Minister of Education, Science and
This chapter has covered the Korean nuclear regulatory organi- Technology, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 2005.
zations, aspects of the regulatory authority including licensing, 5. Kim, J. H. and Kim, N. H., Status of Korean Nuclear Codes and
status of nuclear installations, nuclear reactor regulatory frame- Standards, Proceedings of the 18th KAIF/KNS Annual Conference,
work and regulations that pertain to domestic and/or international 2003.
industrial codes and standards in the area of pressure vessels and 6. Park, T. J. and Ahn, Y. T., KEPIC Development Status and
piping. This chapter has also addressed the status of Korean Application of ISO/IEC Guide 21, Proceedings of the KSME Spring
Electric Power Industry Codes (KEPIC), which covers standards Conference, KSME 05S001: 3189-3194, 2005.