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com

On Twitter: twitter.com/engagingmath

I. Model Problems.

II. Practice

III. Challenge Problems

VI. Answer Key

Web Resources

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I. Model Problems

method, or by substitution.

The solution to the system is the point of intersection of the two lines.

Its best to use the graphing approach when you are given two lines in

slope-intercept form.

y = 2x + 5

1

y = x 1

2

Its best to use the elimination method when equations can easily be

added or subtracted to eliminate one of the variables. To use the

elimination method, add the equations together to eliminate one of

the variables. Solve the remaining equation, which will have only one

variable. Substitute the value of the variable into one of the original

equations to get the value of the variable you eliminated.

-6x 10y = -14

4x + 10y = 6

Notice that if you add the equations together, you can eliminate y and

solve for x.

Add the equations together to

6x 10 y 14

eliminate y.

4x 10 y 6

2x 8

x=4 Divide each side by -2 to solve for

x.

4(4) + 10y = 6 16 + 10y = 6 Substitute x = 4 into the second

equation to solve for y.

10y = -10 Subtract 16 from each side.

y = -1 Divide each side by 10.

Its best to use the substitution method when one equation is solved

for one variable in terms of the other. Substitute this expression into the

other equation and solve the resulting equation. Substitute the value

into one of the original equations to find the value of the other variable.

-2x + 4y = 30

y = 3x + 10

Notice that the second equation gives the value of y in terms of x, so if

can be substituted into the first equation.

-2x + 4(3x + 10) = 30 Substitute y = 3x + 10 into the first

equation.

10x + 40 = 30 Simplify.

10x = -10 Subtract 40 from each side.

x = -1 Divide each side by 10.

y = 3(-1) + 10 Substitute x = -1 into the second

equation to solve for y.

y=7 Simplify.

II. Practice

5x 4 y 1 2 x 5y 5

1

1. 2.

7x 2 y 13 y 4x 1

4x 13 y 50 23 x 4 y 36

3. 4.

3x 8y 84 y 5x 20

y 12 x 18 7x 12 y 30

5. 6.

y x 20 6x 2 y 35

1

5x 23 y 12 6x 2 y 4

7. 8.

6x 3 y 20

1

y 5x 3

5x 10 y 70 3x 3y 24

9. 10.

8x 30 y 20 4x 5y 42

y x 1 6x 25 y 54

11. 12.

3x 5y 17 y x 5

4x 4 y 44 3x 81 y 13

13. 14.

5x 3y 57 8x 4 y 44

1

y 23 x 3 10x 3y 32

15. 16.

x 4 y 1 6x 7 y 40

y x 11 0.2x y 102

17. 18.

4x 5 y 70 0.8x 0.7 y 62

4

y x 11 3x 4 y 22

19. 20.

4x 5 y 70 2x 7 y 5

4

x 2 y 5x y 26

21. 22.

5x y 44 6x 8y 4

6x 5y 74 11x 8y 30

23. 24.

3x 2 y 1 6x 8y 20

3x 2 y 15 3 x 8y 44

2

25. 26.

4x 5y 13 4x 8y 16

27. 28.

5x 30 y 100 0.5x 0.3y

29. 30.

6x 2 y 28 0.2x 0.7 y 1.3

2x y + 3z = 37

x + y 3z = -16

-3x + 5z = 24

6x + 3y z = 38

4x 8y z = 44

x + 5y z = -6

x y + z = 11

x + 2y z = 3

5x y + 2z = 27

6x 4y + 5z = 27

-3x 8y +7z + -3

2x + 8y 12z = 4

-2x + y + 3z = 7

6x y + 8z = -30

-4x y 5z = 13

4x ky 20

36. Consider the system:

2x 3y 10

Find a value of k such that the system has infinitely many solutions.

37. Explain how to choose the best method to solve a system of linear

equations. In which case is it best to use graphing? Substitution?

Elimination?

y 3x 10

Question: Solve

2 y 6x 20

Solution:

Since the equations have the same slope, they are parallel, therefore

there are no solutions to the system of equations.

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

IV. Answer Key

1. (3, -4)

2. (0, -1)

3. (12, 6)

4. (6, 10)

5. (4, 16)

6. (5, 10)

7. (-4, 12)

8. (-1/2, 1/2)

9. (-10, -2)

10. (-2, 10)

11. (6, 7)

12. (10, 15)

13. (-3, 14)

14. (5, -16)

15. (3, -1)

16. (-2, 4)

17. (16, 5)

18. (-10, 100)

19. (6, 3)

20. (6, -1)

21. (8, -4)

22. (6, -4)

23. (-1/2, )

24. (-2, 1)

25. (7, -3)

26. (18, -7)

27. (-2, 4)

28. (3, 5)

29. (10, 16)

30. (4, -3)

31. (7, 4, 9)

32. (8, -2, 4)

33. (3, -2, 4)

34. (4, -2, -1)

35. (-3, 4, -1)

36. k = 6

37. answers will vary. samples: graphing: when equations are given in y

= mx + b form. substitution: when one variable is easy solved in terms

of the other. elimination: when equations can easily be added together

to eliminate one of the variables,

38. The student did not realize that the equations are the same line. The

system has infinitely many solutions.

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