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Aditya Khosla

2/10/17
Analytical Stats
Srijita Ghosh
Homework 1

24.
Shear No. of Percenta
Strength observations ge
4000-
4200 1 1.0%
4200-
4400 2 2.0%
4400-
4600 9 9.0%
4600-
4800 12 12.0%
4800-
5000 19 19.0%
5000-
5200 22 22.0%
5200-
5400 20 20.0%
5400-
5600 7 7.0%
5600-
5800 7 7.0%
5800-
6000 1 1.0%
Total 100

Relative frequency Histogram


25.0%

20.0%

15.0%
Relative frequency
10.0%

5.0%

0.0%

Shear Strength
The histogram appears to be unimodal and is symmetric. There are no gaps, and
the plot appears to have a slight positive skew and is fairly spread out.

36.
No. of Percenta
Escape Time observations ge
320-340 4 15.4%
340-360 4 15.4%
360-380 10 38.5%
380-400 5 19.2%
400-420 2 7.7%
420-440 1 3.8%
26

Relative frequency Histogram


50.0%
40.0%
30.0%
Relative frequency 20.0%

10.0%
0.0%

Escape time (secs)

Mean= sum/no. = 9638/26 = 370.7


Median= 369.5
c. The largest value can be increased infinitely without it affecting the median, as
any positive changes to the number will not lead to any change in its position, and
subsequently will not lead to a change in the median. And it can be decreased by at
most 54 before it affects the median value.
Minute
Seconds s
325 5.42
325 5.42
334 5.57
339 5.65
356 5.93
356 5.93
359 5.98
359 5.98
363 6.05
364 6.07
364 6.07
366 6.10
369 6.15
370 6.17
373 6.22
373 6.22
374 6.23
375 6.25
389 6.48
392 6.53
393 6.55
394 6.57
397 6.62
402 6.70
403 6.72
424 7.07
160.63
Total 9638 33
6.1782
Mean 370.6923077 05
Median 369.5 6.16

38.
108.3 113.7 118.6 122 127.4 130 131.5 133.2 138.4
Since there are an odd number of entries, the median is the middle term once the
values have been arranged in ascending order 127.4
Despite the change in the value to 127.6, since the terms are quite largely spaced
in terms of their values, a minute change in one of the values, is not large enough
for it to alter its position relative to other terms in the array. Thus, the median in this
case in not very sensitive to rounding.

53.

Balanced (Xi - Growth


Funds )2 Funds (Xi - )2
1.0619 0.5234
0.09 3 0.52 52
0.2308 0.3887
0.64 8 0.62 52
0.1372 0.2056
0.75 7 0.79 62
0.1159 0.1112
0.78 4 0.91 22
0.1092 0.0642
0.79 3 0.99 62
0.0786 0.0545
0.84 8 1.01 22
0.0362 0.0499
0.93 9 1.02 52
0.0325 0.0336
0.94 8 1.06 72
0.0081 0.0301
1.03 9 1.07 02
0.0049 0.0205
1.05 7 1.1 92
0.0049 0.0205
1.05 7 1.1 92
0.0004 0.0087
1.1 2 1.15 42
0.0119 0.0002
1.23 9 1.26 72
0.0167 0.0214
1.25 7 1.39 62
0.0194 0.0764
1.26 6 1.52 52
0.0223 0.0939
1.27 5 1.55 42
0.0322 0.2878
1.3 2 1.78 32
0.2396 0.3209
1.61 1 1.81 22
0.2698 0.6504
1.64 8 2.05 42
3.0258 0.8584
2.86 6 2.17 02
5.4594 3.8212
total 22.41 95 24.87 55
0.2729 0.1910
Mean(total/no.) 1.1205 75 1.2435 63
Median 1.05 1.1
Standard 0.095531
deviation 0.136487375 375

68. ( xi c)2 is minimized when ( x ic )


2
is minimum.

( x ic )2 = x i2 2 x i c+ c 2

2
2
x 2 x i c+ c
i


2
(x ic)
=
c

2 x i+ 2 c=0 for minimum 2 x i=2c x i=c for minimum


Since xx is the mean of the sample, the chances of xx to be equal to x i is greater

than being equal to x i . Thus, the estimate for ( xi x )2 will be

smaller than the estimate for ( xi )2 .

4.a
FFFF VVVV
VFFF FVVV
FVFF VFVV
FFVF VVFV
FFFV VVVF
VVFF FFVV
FVVF VFFV
FVFV VFVF
b. VFFF FVFF FFVF FFFV
c. FFFF VVVV
d. VFFF FVFF FFVF FFFV FFFF
e. VFFF FVFF FFVF FFFV FFFF VVVV
f. U = VFFF FVFF FFVF FFFV FFFF VVVV
=
8.a. (A1 U A2 U A3)

b. (A1 A2 A3)
C. (A1 (A2 U A3))

D. (A1 (A2 U A3)) U (A2 (A1 U A3)) U (A3 (A1 U A2))

E.
21. a. 0.10
b. Low Auto= .04 + .06 + .05 + .03= 0.18; low homeowner= .06 + .10 + .03 = 0.19
c. .06 + .20 + .15 = 0.41
d. 1 0.41 = .59
e. .04 + .06 + .05 + .03 + .1 + .03 = .31
f. 1 - .31 = .69

B
24.

The P(A B) = P(A) and the P(A U B) = P(B)

26.a. 1 probability of type 1 defect = 1 - .12 = .88


b. P(A1 A2) = .13 - .12 = .01
P(A2 A1) = .13 - .07 = .06
Therefore, P(A1 A2) = .13 - .01 - .06 = .06
c. P(A1 A2) - P(A1 A2 A3) = .06 - .01 = .05
d. 1 - P(A1 A2 A3) = .99