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CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2015 series

0653 COMBINED SCIENCE


0653/22 Paper 2 (Core Theory), maximum raw mark 80

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began,
which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.

Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner
Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2015 series for most
Cambridge IGCSE, Cambridge International A and AS Level components and some
Cambridge O Level components.

IGCSE is the registered trademark of Cambridge International Examinations.


Page 2 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge IGCSE October/November 2015 0653 22

1 (a) (i) force X = friction (force) ;


force Y = weight ; [2]

(ii) 750 N ;
for constant speed, forces must be balanced / owtte ; [2]

(b) (i) (3090 s) constant speed ;


(90120 s) (negative) acceleration / deceleration ; [2]

(ii) 20 m / s = 20 3 600 m / h ;
= 72 000 m / h = 72 (km / h) ; [2]

[Total: 8]

2 (a) (i) fractional distillation ; [1]

(ii) because new substances are not made ; [1]

(b) (i) petroleum fraction boils and vapour moves into delivery tube ;
vapour condenses in delivery tube ; [2]

(ii) increasing boiling point from A to D ; [1]

(c) (hydrocarbon) + oxygen ;


water + carbon dioxide ; [2]

[Total: 7]

3 (a)
chemical description

can be joined
fats together to make
starch or glycogen

turns purple with


glycogen
the biuret test

made from fatty


protein
acids and glycerol

storage
sugars carbohydrate not
found in plants
;;
(3 correct for 2 marks, 2 or 1 correct for 1 mark) [2]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 3 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge IGCSE October/November 2015 0653 22

(b) (i) respiration ; [1]

(ii) (milk A) it contains the highest total of fat, carbohydrate and protein ;
(athlete) would need most energy / it releases most energy ;
for (contraction of) muscles ; [max 2]

900
(iii) (= 6.97(8)) ;
129
100 = 697.6 or 698 (cm3) ; [2]

(iv) pregnant women ;


extra calcium needed for bones of fetus ;
AVP e.g. osteoporosis in older women ; [max 2]

[Total: 9]

4 (a)

complete circuit with no dead ends or short circuits ;


on-off switch in main circuit using correct symbol ;
fuse in main circuit using correct symbol ; [3]

(b) (i) X marked in the heater branch, either side of heater ; [1]

(ii) heated ;
bend ;
broken ; [3]

(iii) in the air coming into the heater (owtte) ;


senses / switches off when air temperature in room is too high / so it can check room
temperature ; [2]

[Total: 9]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 4 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge IGCSE October/November 2015 0653 22

5 (a) (i) bubbles (gently) / owtte ; [1]

(ii) zinc is above hydrogen in the reactivity series ;


zinc is below calcium in the reactivity series ;
zinc is above copper in the reactivity series ; [max 2]

(b) (i) Increases ; [1]

(ii) any two from:


melts ;
moves / floats ;
bubbles ;
dissolves / disappears ;
and
more vigorous / flame / explodes ; [3]

[Total: 7]

6 (a) (i) identical (with female adult aphid) ; [1]

(ii) (the genetic information) will be identical ; [1]

(iii) (the genetic information is) different from the adult female ;
(the genetic information is) different from each other ; [2]

(b) (i) phloem ;


because it transports dissolved food substances around the plant ; [2]

(ii) one area of phloem correctly shaded ; [1]

(c) (i) (carbon dioxide) + water (sugar) + oxygen ; [1]

(ii) enough light ;


(source of) carbon dioxide ; [2]

(d) (i) the starch / blue-black colour is only found in the green areas ; [1]

(ii) because chlorophyll is needed for photosynthesis ;


green areas contain chlorophyll ;
starch is produced in the green areas ; [max 1]

[Total: 12]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Pag
P ge 5 Mar
M k Sch
S hemme
e Sylllab
S bus Pape
P er
C mb
Cambrid
dge
e IG
GCCSE
E Oct
O obber//No
ove
em
mbe
er 20
2 15 0 53
065 2
22

7 (
(a) (
(i)
no
orm
mall po
ositioned at
a 90
9 +//- 5
5 to
t mir
m rror ;
an
ngle of
o refl
r lec
ction ma
m rke
ed as 30
0 ;
car

3
30

ey
ye

[2
2]

(ii) im
mag
ge in a ((pla
ane
e) mirro
or is
s la
ate
erally inv
vertted
d; [1]

( ) mic
(b) m crow
wa
ave
es ; [1]

(
(c) (
(i) la
abe
elle
ed arro
a oww to
o sh
how
waam
mplittud
de corre
ectly and
a d clea
arly
y fro
om
m x--ax
xis to pe
eakk ; [1]

(ii) lo
oud
dne
ess
s / vvolu
ume ; [1]

( ) d
(d) disttan
nce
e tra
ave ed by
elle y so
oun 3 02=6
nd = 330 660
0 (m)) ;
d tan
dist nce
e fro
om
m buuild 6 0 = 330
ding = 660 3 0 (m
m) ; [2
2]

(
(e) by ffric
b ctio
on (ffee
et on
o car et) ;
c rpe
d cha
disc argge to
t EaE rthh (w
whe
en tou
uchhes
s doo
or h
han
ndle
e) cau
c use
es shoc
ck ; [2
2]

[To
ota
al: 10
0]

8 (
(a) neu
n utro
ons
s / pro
p oton
ns an nd pro
p oton euttrons ha
ns / ne ave
e th s me
he sam e mas
m ss, buut elec
e ctro
onss
h ve mu
hav much h smmaalle
er mas
m ss. ;
e ctro
elec ons
s / pro
p otons an nd pro
otoons / elec
ctroonss hav o possite
ve opp e ch
harrge but neutro
es b onss
h ve no
hav n ch rge. ;
harg [2
2]

( ) (i)
(b) ( (1
17))
nummbeer of
o eelectrrons = n
num
mbe
er of
o pro
p otons / atom
m is has
h s no o erall cha
o ove c arge
e; [1]

(ii) (1
18))
nuclleo
on no.
n . = prroto
on no
o. + ne
euttron n
no. ; [1]

(iii) (n
non
n-m
mettalss are)) on
n righ
ht-h
han
nd sid
de of Pe
erio
odic
cTTab
ble ; [1]

(
(c) (
(i) sh
harred
d elecctro
ons
s; [1]

(ii) bo
ond
d betw
b we een wo no
n tw etals ;
on-me [1]

Ca
amb
brid
dge
e In
nterrnattion
nal Ex
xam
mina
atio
ons
s 20
015
5
Page 6 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge IGCSE October/November 2015 0653 22

(d) (i) green ; [1]

(ii) 7 to any less than 4 ; [1]

(e) (i) (a) salt ; [1]

(ii) carbon dioxide ;


limewater ;
milky / cloudy ; [3]

[Total: 10]

9 (a) (i) a chart / diagram showing the flow of energy ;


from organism to organism ; [2]

(ii) badger connected to all three organisms ;


arrows point in the correct direction ; [2]

(b) use an alternative source of food ;


move to a different habitat ; [1]

[Total: 5]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015