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CHAPTER 1 - Nikola Tesla and Radiant Energy

Gerry Vassilatos
in Secrets of Cold War Technology: Project HAARP and Beyond,
Borderland Sciences Research Foundation,
P. O. Box 220, Bayside, CA, U.S.A, 1996;
ISBN 0-945685-17-3.

I. ANOMALY the world over to make attempts in this essential research.

Deep in the heart of many conspiratisttopics sits a desper-ate


desire to rediscover the lost magic of Nature. It was with this
lost magic, this qualitatively accessed communion with Nature,
that late Victorian researchers were all too familiar. Their
numerous accounts cannot often be rationalized against the wall
of academic regulation which prides itself in explain-ing all
natural phenomena through Simple mechanisms, the reductions
of natural phenomena to meaningless force-chains. But even the
journals of that day reveal a scientific world ab-solutely awash
in discoveries and anomalous phenomena, por-traying energies
and dynamics which defy mechanistic expla-nation. The lost
magic of vital energy! Developments which came with our
present century represent empirical discoveries which yet have
no theoretical precedent. In the very midst of that marvelous
Epoch stand several personages who must for-ever remain as
legends of Qualitative Science. One of these is Nikola Tesla.
But why is Tesla the shadow which yet so haunts and provokes Nikola Tesla 36 years old.
military researchers? Furthermore, why can it be said that the
name of Nikola Tesla represents the ab-solute rule by which The central eort of each Cold War project tells the tale of
to comprehend each of the successive military projects, seemingly separate themes. But once again, only a complete
seemingly separate and unconnected exper-imental ventures familiarity with each stage of technical achievement in this
observed throughout the Twentieth Century? progressive advancement can enable an informed comprehen-
Why are the various achievements of Tesla so often quoted in sion of such themes. From a singular vantage point alone do we
military hardware articles, proposals which seem to attract the see each of these separate themes merge, intertwine, and
greatest interest only after mentioning both his name and some become coherent Themes germane to comprehending Cold War
aspect of his work? Since they most certainly have not been Technology were each the resuIt of private attempts at re-
able to duplicate Teslian Technology, why then do we producing the achievements of a Single individual, one whose
continually find that military project committees are forever yet work has now positively haunted the scientific and military
attempting to approximate Teslian Technology? Every world in excess of a century. Why indeed is it also very ob-
professional Tesla aficionado secreily knows that Tesla elec- vious that, with the exception of one very Simple dtscovery,
trical energies were more like luminous beams of gaseous light neither military nor private developers have yet successfully
than radiowaves or electrified particles. What they do not know duplicated any part of true Teslian Technology? In order to best
is how he produced the energies. This Simple but profound appreciate the sheer frustration of radio and military en-gineers,
process represents a most fundamental natural prin-ciple which whose consistent failure to reproduce the eects re-ported by
could never have been predicted. Having been the result of Nikola Tesla troubles their fundamental theoretical base, we
accidental empirical discovery, so few suspect it can exist. The must study something of Tesla and his own work.
blinding influence of mathematically pre-cise models serves The technical themes relevant to understanding of all ad-
only to block awareness that other realities can or do exist. vanced technologies necessarily begins with Tesla. Because of a
However basic and simple, Tesla Technology contains the secret long-standing network of misinformation and the resul-tant
of a power revolution which each knows would have changed skewed academic perceptions, Teslian Impulse Technol-ogy has
the world. In his lifetime, the once fa-mous Tesla became the never been openly legitimized or endorsed as a viable threat to
target of dubious financial intrigues, failed death attempts, and either military or industrial agencies. This gloss is of course a
outrageous deprivations and depre-cations. The fear which complete fabrication. The most diligent examina-tion of Tesla
surrounded this rare genius seemed to heighten with his every lectures and other lost Tesla publications, cou-pled with access
announcement, a thing which greatly amused him throughout to corroborative experimental work which vindicates most
the years of his self-exile. It is the persistence of this fear which ofTeslas own findings, has made the follow-ing chapter
so provokes military agencies possible. In these few pages, you will therefore
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receive a summary review of the essential Teslian principles. which academicians hold. In the rare instance that they are able
These are absolutely necessary before we proceed with our to manage a positive remark, usually one of mock indul-gence,
central theme. My Simple request is that you patiently read the accolades address his early work with Polyphase. Other than
through this section, keeping in mind that all of the informa-tion these occasional smug comments, most academi-cians view
will be completely applicable to each subsequent chapter. Tesla as a poet-scientist who made too much of standard
It is only through the window of Teslian Impulse Technol- phenomena. Nothing can be further from the truth.
ogy that we can comprehend the progression of projects in- After completing his initial work in Polyphase and High
dustrial and military throughout the entire Century. Learning Frequency Alternating Currenls, Tesla made a Singular dis-
each lesson carefully will best help appredate the scope of this covery which forever altered the course and nature of his ex-
present theme in all of its deep implications. Here you will find perimental research. Whether purposefully or inadvertently, this
factual information otherwise dicult, if not impossible, to Singular discovery has been completely overlooked even by
obtain. One learns quickly that things Teslian are much more those who claim to know his work best A Single article and
than they appear to be. Tesla was a classical lover of statements made in several of his Lectures absolutely af-firm
conundrums and enigmas, and knew how to use them to en- the conviction that Tesla, while working with violently abrupt
crypt his meanings. When Tesla spoke, everyone listened in- elecbical discharges, discovered a new force. Indeed, it was
tently. But few persons understood his meaning. To know Tes- through the development and application of this new physical
lian Technology, one must be willing to suspend conventional agency, his greatest discovery, that Tesla encountered
knowledge, listening only to the descriptions and cunning un- unexpected and devastating hostility throughout both the aca-
derstatements by which Tesla craftily concealed his priority demic and the financial worlds. The monstrous social forces
discoveries. Confusion over a surprising few distinctions has which drove him into self-exile did not, however, stop him from
proved to be the only stumbling block keeping professional continuing his most important applications of this ener-getic
engineering communities from achieving the Teslian agenda. species. Living in New York City until his passing in 1943,
It is for many young aspiring scholars an astounding reve- Nikola Tesla continued to conduct small experiments in
lation to find that the degree of revolutionary thought engaged applications which recall his discovery of radiant elecbical
before the Centurys turn went further than modern technol-ogy energy. Few of his experiments were conducted without an
now dares to dream. The more established academes accompanying assortment of reliable witnesses.
consistently rejected Teslian hypotheses as a matter of habit. Throughout his lifetime in New York City there were many
Tesla was nothing less than aJules Verne character, who stepped notables who observed these developments with greatest fas-
out of a visionary world and worked wonders in the world. cination. Among those who were awestruck by the things they
What Tesla achieved could not have been made possi-ble saw were Samuel Clemens, Marguerite Merington, Robert
without his extraordinary sensitivity and keen awareness of his UnderwoodJohnson, Edward Hewitt, Kolman Czito, Fritz
own perceptions. In the absence of physical evidence, Tesla all Lowenstein, George Scher, Dr. John Hammond, Lee de For-
too often worked his way toward natural truth. In this manner est, and Dr. Anton Kammela, Several mysterious profession-als
he discovered what theoreticians would never seek. who assisted Tesla in his actual tests runs were Simply re-ferred
Most who pursue things Teslian know the sundry details of to as Mr. Uhlmann, Mr. Ailey, and Mr. Myers. Apart from this
his early work in Polyphase, and his subsequent discov-ery of scant information, we do not know more of these witnesses to
high frequency alternating current. Few however man-age to his works. Along with these personages were a number of his
isolate, identify, and comprehend his most important Single private machinists. His secretaries, a number including Dorothy
discovery, the phenomenon through which all of his supposed Skerritt and Muriel Arbus, bore witness to his persistent
outlandish claims were actually made possible. The discovery experimentation. The oce at 8 E.40th Street o Fifth Avenue
has not been adequately described among those who claim to also served as a small laboratory workshop. All of this was
know something beyond the initiatory facts concern-ing his moved to the Hotel New Yorker in his later years. Thus whether
work. Those who believe that only experimentation will reveal on the large scale, by which his younger years of experimenting
the truth concerning Tesla may be in for a sad de-feat Indeed, were performed, or on the small scale, which characterized his
those who undertake the reproduction of Teslian transformers last years, there are several witnesses to his continuous
know the disappointment and subsequent disin-terest which has exertions and successes, What Tesla stated in the press,
followed so many others before. Few are honest enough to throughout his career, were always supported by a great number
admit the possibility that their own failed experimental of experimental proofs.
reproductions are entirely due to their own mis-understanding.
Those who publish the plans for such designs have already
contaminated the process with a fundamental and failure-prone II. VORTEX
misunderstanding. Old electrical experimenters texts are no
better. By the end of the last Century, so much misinformation Tesla spent his student years in the Polytechnic Institute at
conceming the essential Teslian component, the Tesla Graz, Austria. WhUe thoroughly engrossed in deep study of
Transformer, had brought a complete and devas-tating chaos to the electrical mysteries, young Nikola Tesla observed the
the field. When experimental results there-fore contradict operation of an alternating current generator in a lecture hall
statements made by Tesla, the usual conclu-sions find soured demonstration. This was the high frontier of his day, and he
agreement with the low opinions of Tesla was very much impressed with the apparent eciency of
this
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design. When compared with the older Gramme machines, this aged inventor was reduced to an callous and embittered shell.
alternating current generator was a true engineering mar-vel. Tesla, who kept politely refusing Morgan, was finally threat-
The complete absence of commutator bands in the hous-ing ened. Powerline technology had been monopolized by Mor-gan
allowed the complete elimination of sparking losses, a greatly who, on the strength of this monopoly, strongly suggested that
increased eciency in output current being the result. The AC Tesla might not be able to export his Polyphase Power to any
generator did not sizzle as it turned, it hummed. The problem consumers. Without Morgan-owned powerlines there would be
was in the form of current which emerged. It alter-nated with a no Tesla- Westinghouse Company. Tesla informed Morgan that
regular tempo, first surging one way, and then the other. Used means had already be found to eliminate the need for
for every application save one, motors, the AC generator powerlines, a statement which appeared the very height of
outperformed any device which formerly com-prised the desperation. Morgan believed he had suciently leaned on
electrical arsenal of apparatus. Slowly, methodi-cally, young Tesla to acquire his company. But these attempts to force Tesla
Tesla began developing a conceptual model for a new system of to yield falled. Tesla proved more indomitable than even the
power distribution based on alternating current. Consumers imposing Morgan and, when the silence was broken, Tesla
could be given a superior electrical supply, one which would demonstrated before Morgan associates a new means for
replace every Edisonian model then so much the revolution. transmitting high frequency alternations through both the
The Tesla systems could supply power for most electrical ground and the air in absence of powerlines. Morgan was
appliances. Most, but not all. Motors proved to be the problem. literally thunderstruck by this premise, and sought opportu-
How to manage the continuous rotation of a mo-tor operated by nities against Tesla at every turn. Students are taught that Tesla
an alternating current proved too taxing for any other mind. developed non-rotating high frequency generators, sys-tems
Tesla himself was completely baed for a time with this employing sparks and capacitors. The name of Tesla is
perplexing problem, but not because he could not solve it. Tesla inexorably and tragically equated only with alternating cur-
knew he already had the answer, a familiar experience for one rents. It is in this essential error that acadernes, engineers,
who received inspiration through vision. Tesla was awaiting the young students, and avid experimenters have too long re-
moment when the revelation would flash before his eyes. Ready mained. Though engineers still erroneously equate Tesla only
for that instant, he would simply write down what he perceived with high frequency alternating current, a recent and prolific
in the ecstasy of his visions. experimenter has proven all these suppositions to be fraudu-
This vision proved nearly impossible to release until, while lent. While Tesla was in fact the first to discover the high fre-
strolling in a park, he chanced to behold a beautiful sunset. quency alternating current realm, there was a more important
Moved to emotion, Tesla began quoting a melodious poem discovery which is rarely outlined. The truth of this second
written by his favored author, Goethe. During this dramatic great discovery remains unrecognized and unappreciated.
rendition, Tesla suddenly became enraptured with the vision of But what was the critical event which few recognize, and
a swirling vortex in the very heart of the sun. In this momentary which fewer still have the patience to extract from Tesla liter-
episode, Tesla demonstrated both his absolute re-liance on ature? When did this event occur, and how does Tesla address
vision and his ability to materialize the same. The use of several the finding? Except for the consummate achievements of en-
superimposed alternating currents managed the formation of a gineer Eric Dollard, undoubtedly the most brilliant expositor of
swirling magnetic vortex, one in whose grip an armature was Teslian Technology in the world today, we too would have
forcibly and continuously dragged around upon its axle. Tesla believed the error. What Mr. Dollard has successfully demon-
Polyphase revolutionized the world. Tesla became a strated is the absolute separation between Teslas Polyphase
multimillionaire literally overnight. Together with George period and the Impulse Technology which explains his fifty
Westinghouse, he harnessed Niagara Falls, establish-ing forever years of experiments conducted until his passing. Mr. Dollard
the hydroelectric resource. Tesla continued seek-ing new ways experimentally vindicated most of Teslas basic and seem-ingly
to improve his Polyphase system, developing means for raising outlandish claims. In a series of experimental demon-strations,
the frequency of current alternations into new and formerly exact reproductions of Tesla systems, Mr. Dollard shows us
unknown levels. He designed and tested a few new high evidence that post-Polyphase Teslian Technology relied entirely
frequency alternators, high speed rotating ma-chines which upon a strange and special electroradiant phe-nomenon. But
produced up to 30,000 alternations per second. Tesla also found how did Tesla arrive at this new and revolution-ary
it possible to send such high frequency alter-nations through a development, and how do engineers perceive this phase of his
Single wire. work?
At this time, Tesla unfortunately attracted the monopolistic
dreams of one l P. Morgan. The contact, established through
Morgans associates, was one which had more the atmosphere III. SHOCK WAVES
of a threat. Politely refused by the young Tesla on several
occasions, the continual visits by Morgan associates became James Clark-Maxwell predicted the possibility that electro-
something of a humorous charade. Tesla had observed the re- magnetic waves might exist. In theoretical discussions de-
sults of yielding to these forays, while working with Thomas signed to more thoroughly explain his mathematical descrip-
Edison in New Jersey. Morgan, who worked his way toto the tions, Maxwell asked his readers to consider two dierent kinds
Edison Company, eventually became the primary stock-holder. of electrical disturbance possibly existing in Nature. The first
Enunciating his impossible demands on Edison, the consideration dealt with longitudinal electric waves,
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a phenomenon which required alternating concentrations of uncover.


electrostatic field lines. This densified and rarefied pulsation of The abrupt sparks, which he termed disruptive dis-charges,
electrostatic fields necessarily demanded a unidirectional field, were found capable of exploding wires into vapor. They
one whose vector was fixed in a Singular direction. The only propelled very sharp shockwaves, which struck him with great
variable permitted in generating longitudinal waves was the force across the whole front of his body. Of this surpris-ing
concentration of he field. Subsequent propagation along the physical eect, Tesla was exceedingly intrigued. Rather like
electrostatic field lines would produce pulsating thrusts on gunshots of extraordinary power than electrical sparks, Tesla
charges, pulsations moving in a Single direction. These elec- was completely absorbed in this new study. Electri-cal impulses
trical soundwaves were rejected by Maxwell, who concluded produced eects commonly associated only with lightning. The
that such a condition was impossible to achieve. explosive eects reminded him of similar oc-currences
His second consideration dealt with the existence of trans- observed with high voltage DC generators. A fa-miliar
verse electromagnetic waves. These required the rapid alter- experience among workers and engineers, the Simple closing of
nation of electrical fields along a fixed axis. Space spread- a switch on a high voltage dynamo often brought a stinging
ing electrical lines would supposedly bend to and fro shock, the assumed result of residual static charging.
under their own momentum, while radiating away at the This hazardous condition only occurred with the sudden
speed of light from the alternating source. Corresponding application of high voltage DC. This crown of deadly static
forces, exact duplicates of the alternations produced at the charge stood straight out of highly electrified conductors, often
source, would be detected at great distances. He encouraged seeking ground paths which included workmen and switchboard
that experimenters seek this waveform, suggesting possible operators. In long cables, this instantaneous charge eect
means for achieving the objective. And so the quest to find produced a hedge of bluish needles, pointing straight away from
electromagnetic waves began. the line into the surrounding space. The hazardous condition
In 1887, Heinrich Hertz announced that he had discov- appeared briefly, at the very instant of switch closure. The
ered electromagnetic waves, an achievement at that time of bluish sparking crown vanished a few milliseconds later, along
no small imporl. In 1889, Nikola Tesla attempted the repro- with the life of any unfortunate who happened to have been so
duction of these Hertzian experiments. Conducted with abso- struck. After the brief eect passed, systems behaved as
lute exactness in his elegant South Fifth Avenue Laboratory, designed. Such phenomena van-ished as charges slowly
Tesla found himself incapable of producing the reported ef- saturated the lines and systems. After this brief surge, currents
fects. No means however applied would produce the eects flowed smoothly and evenly as de-signed. The eect was a
which Hertz claimed. Tesla began experimenting with abrupt nuisance in small systems. But in large regional power systems
and powerful electric discharges, using oil filled mica capac- where voltages were excessive, it proved deadly. Men were
itors charged to very high potentials. He found it possible to killed by the eect, which spread its deadly electrostatic crown
explode thin wires with these abrupt discharges. Dimly of sparks throughout component systems. Though generators
perceiving something of importance in this experimental se-
were rated at a few thousand volts, such mysterious surges
ries, Tesla abandoned this experimental series, all the while
represented hundreds of thou-sands, even millions of volts. The
pondering the mystery and suspecting that Hertz had some-
problem was eliminated through the use of highly insulated,
how mistakenly associated electrostatic inductions or electri-
heavily grounded relay switches. Former engineering studies
fied shockwaves in air for true electromagnetic waves. In
considered only those features of power systems which
fact, Tesla visited Hertz and personally proved these refined
accommodated the steady state supply and consumption of
ob-servations to Hertz who, being convinced that Tesla was
cor-rect, was about to withdraw his thesis. Hertz was truly power. It seemed as though large systems required both surge
dis-appointed, and Tesla greatly regretted having to go to and normal operative design considerations. Accommodating
such lengths with an esteemed academician in order to prove the dangerous initial super-charge was a new feature. This
a point engineering study became the prime focus of power companies
for years afterward, safety devices and surge protectors being
But while endeavoring toward his own means for identi-fying
the subject of a great many patents and texts. Tesla knew that
electrical waves, Tesla was blessed with an accidental
the strange supercharging eect was only observed at the very
observation which forever changed the course of his experi-
instant in which dynamos were applied to wire lines, just as in
mental investigations. Indeed, it was an accident which for-ever
his explosive capacitor discharges. Though the two instances
changed the course of his life and destiny. In his own attempts
were completely dif-ferent, they both produced the very same
to achieve where he felt Hertz had failed, Tesla de-veloped a
eects. The instan-taneous surge supplied by dynamos briefly
powerful method by which he hoped to generate and detect real
appeared super-eoncentrated in long lines. Tesla calculated that
electromagnetic waves. Part of this apparatus re-quired the
this electro-static concentration was several orders in magnitude
implementation of a very powerful capacitor bank. This
greater than any voltage which the dynamo could supply. The
capacitor battery was charged to very high voltages, and
ac-tual supply was somehow being amplified or transformed.
subsequently discharged through short copper bus-bars. The
But how?
explosive bursts thus obtained produced several coinci-dent
phenomena which deeply impressed Tesla, far exceeding the
power of any electrical display he had ever seen, These proved The general consensus among engineers was that this was
to hold an essential secret which he was determined to an electrostatic choking eect. Many concluded it to be a
bunching action, where powerM fully applied force was
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unable to move charge quickly through a system. Mysteri- IV. PERMEATIONS


ous, the combined resistance of such systems seemed to
influ-ence the charge carriers before they were able to move The academic world of experimenters was yet fixated on his
away from the dynamo terminals Like slapping water with a former discovery of high frequency alternating currents. It
rapid hand, the surface seemed solid. So also it was with the seemed that Tesla alone now exclusively studied these im-pulse
electri-cal force, charges meeting up against a seemingly discharges. He was producing explosive impulses which had not
solid wall. But the eect lasted only as long as the impact.
been observed in laboratories. Every component was carefully
Until cur-rent carriers had actually caught up with the
insulated, himself implementing insulator rods and rubberized
applied elec-trical field, the charges sprang from the line in
regalia to insure complete safety. Tesla had ob-served
all directions. A brief supercharging eect could be
electrostatic machines whose ability to charge insu-lated metals
expected until charges were distributed, smoothly flowing
was potent, but this demonslration exceeded the mere charging
through the whole line and system. The dynamo itself thus
of wire by the instantaneous switch closure. This eect
became the brief scene of a minor shockwave. He began
wondering why it was possible for electrostatic fields to produced springing charge, phenomena like no other before
move more quickly than the actual charges themselves, a witnessed by Tesla for its sheer strength. What-ever the
perplexing mystery. Was the field it-self an entity which conditions observed in previous systems, he had now leamed
simply drove the more massive charges along? IT this was how to maximize the eect. Balancing voltage and resistance
true, then of what was the eleclrostatic field itself against capacity, Tesla leamed to routinely produce supercharge
composed? Was it a field of smaller particles? The states which no existing device could equal.
questions were wonderfully endless. Emptrical observation had long taught that ordinary capac-
itor discharges were oscillating currents, spark currents which
literally bounced between each capacitor plate until their
stored energy was wasted away. The high voltage of the dy-
Despite the wonderful ideas which this study stimulated, namo exerted such an intense unidirectional pressure on the
Tesla saw a practical application which had never occurred to densified charges that alternations were impossible. The only
him. Consideration of the dynamo supercharging eect possible backrushes were oscillations. In this case, charges
suggested a new experimental apparatus. It was one which surged and stopped in a long series until the supercharge was
could greatly outperform his capacitor battery in the search to wasted away. All parameters which forced such oscillations
find electrical waves. A Simple high voltage DC generator actually limited the supercharge from manifesting its total
provided his electric field source. Tesla understood that the energetic supply, a condition Tesla strove to eliminate. In-deed
resistance of lines or components, viewed from the dynamo he spent an excessive time developing various means to block
end, seemed to be an impossible barrier for charge carri-ers to every backrush and other complex current echo which might
penelrate. This barrier caused the bunching eect. forced the supercharge to prematurely waste its dense energy.
Eleclrostatic charges were literally stopped and held for an in- Here was an eect demanding a Single unidirectional super
stant by line resistance, a barrier which only existed during the pulse. With both the oscillations and alternations elimi-nated,
brief millisecond interval in which the power switch was closed. new and strange eects began making their appearance. These
The sudden force application against this virtual bar-rier powerful and penetrating phenomena were never ob-served
squeezed charge into a density impossible to obtain with when working with high frequency alternations. The sudden
ordinary capacitors. It was the brief application of power, the quick closure of the switch now brought a penetrat-ing
impact of charge against the resistance barrier, which brought shockwave throughout the laboratory, one which could be felt
this abnormal electro-densifled condition. This is why the both as a sharp pressure and a penetrating electrical irri-tation.
conductive wires in his present experiment often exploded. A sting. Face and hands were especially sensitive to the
explosive shockwaves, which also produced a curious
stinging eect at close range. Tesla believed that material
particles approaching the vapor state were literally thrust out of
The analogy to steam power and steam engines was the wires in all directions. In order to better study these ef-fects,
urunistakable. Large steam engines had to be valved very he poised himself behind a glass shield and resumed the study.
carefully. This required the expertise of old and well- Despite the shield, both shockwaves and stinging ef-fects were
experienced operators who knew how to open up an engine felt by the now mystified Tesla. This anomaly pro-voked a
without rupturing the vessels and causing a deadly explosion. curiosity of the very deepest kind, for such a thing was never
Too suddenly valved, and even a large steam engine of very before observed. More powerful and penetrating than the mere
high capacity could explode. Steam also had to be admit-ted electrostatic charging of metals, this phenomenon literally
into a system gently, until it began smoothly and gradu-ally propelled high voltage charge out into the surround-ing space
flowing into every orifice, conduit, and component. Here too where it was felt as a stinging sensation. The stings lasting for a
was the mysterious choking eect, where a large capac-ity small fraction of a second, the instant of switch closure. But
system seemed to behave like an uncommonly high resis-tance Tesla believed that these strange eects were a Simple eect of
to any sudden and sustained application of force. Tesla learned ionized shockwaves in the air, rather like a strongly ionized
that he could literally shape the resultant discharge, by thunderclap.
modifying certain circuit parameters. Time, force, and resis- Tesla devised a new series of experiments to measure the
tance were variables necessary to producing the phenomenon.
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shockwave pressure from a greater distance. He required an tlemen ran throughout the huge stone, oak, and iron building
automatic trip switch. With this properly arranged, a more with insulated metal objects now. Each touch of a penknife
controlled and repetitious triggering of the eect was possible. or screwdriver to anything metallic, however distant from
In addition, this arrangement permitted distant observations the coil or insulated from the floor, produced long and
which might cast more light on the shied-permeating phe- continuous white sparks. The account was written up as a
nomenon. Controlling the speed of the high voltage dynamo short article in Scientific American later in the same year.
controlled the voltage. With these components properly ad-
In studying each of these two prior observations, events each
justed, Tesla was able to walk around his large gallery spaces
separated by some thirty years, Tesla perceived an essen-tial
and make observations. Wishing also to avoid the continuous
unity with that of his own discovery. Each observation was
pressure barrage and its slinging sparks, Tesla shielded him-self
perhaps a slight variant of the very same phenomenon. Some-
with several materials. The arrangement of rapidly in-terrupted
how accidentally, each experimenter had managed to produce
high voltage direct currents resulted in the radiation of slinging
the explosive super-charging eect. In the case of Dr. Henry,
rays which could be felt at great distances from their super-
the explosive bursts occurred in a Single flash, electrostatic
sparking source. In fact, Tesla felt the slings right through the
machines being used to accumulate the initial charge. The
shields! Whatever had been released from the wires during the
second case was peculiar, since it evidenced the sustained and
instant of switch closure, successfully pene-trated the shields of
continuous production of super-charging eects. The eect
glass and of copper. It made no dierence, the eect permeated
was rare because it obviously required very stringent electri-cal
each substance as if the shield were not there at all. Here was an
parameters. Tesla deduced this from the simple fact that the
electrical eect which communicated directly through space
eect was so infrequently observed by experimenters the world
without material connections. Radiant electricity!
over. In addition, he was quick to remark concerning the
anomalous attributes attached to the phenomenon. Tesla knew
In these several new observations, the phenomenon was vi- that, despite the extremely penetrating eects in each case, he
olating electrostatic charge principles experimentally estab- had secured the only means for achieving the com-plete and
lished by Faraday. Projected electrostatic charges normally maximum manifestation of supercharging. His was an apparatus
spread out over the surface of metallic shield, they do not with no equal, capable of releasing an aspect of the electrostatic
penetrate metal. This eect had certain very non-electrical field which others very apparently had not. Though discovered
characteristics. Tesla was truly mystified by this strange new by Tesla in 1889, the preliminary obser-vation of this eect was
phenomenon, and searched the literature for references to its published after an intensive battery of investigations. The
characteristics. No such reference was found, except in the Dissipation of Electricity, published just prior to Christmas of
surreptitious observations of two experimenters. In one case, 1892, is the pivotal Tesla lecture. This is the departure point in
Joseph Henry observed the magnetization of steel needles by a which Tesla abandons research and development of high
heavy spark discharge. The extraordinary feature of this ob- frequency alternating current. Di-vorcing himself from that field
servation (1842) lay in the fact that the Leyden Jar, whose spark entirely, Tesla describes the shockwaves and other eects of
apparently produced the magnetizations, stood on the upper IMPULSES. In addition to those physical sensations which he
floor of an otherwise electrically tmpervious building. Brick describes in characteristic understatements, Tesla also enlarges
walls, thick oak doors, heavy stone and iron flooring, tin upon the gaseous as-pects associated with the phenomena. He
ceilings. Moreover, the steel needles were housed in a vault in observed that the abruptly charged wires in his experiments
the cellar. How did the spark aect such a change through such projected a strange gaseous stream when immersed in an oil
a natural barrier? Dr. Henry believed that the spark had released bath. A phenomenon which he once thought due entirely to
special light-like rays, and these were the penetrat-ing wire-adsorbed gases, he found that the eect could be so
agencies responsible for the magnetizations. continuously produced from a Single wire that no volume of
A second such account (1872) occurred in a high school ordinary adsorbed gas could supply the flow. Indeed, he was
building in Philadelphia Elthu Thomson, a physics instructor, able to produce streams of this kind in oil which so powerfully
sought to make the sparks of a large Ruhmkorrf Spark Cot! projected from charged wire ends that they visibly depressed the
more visible for his next lecture. Attaching one pole of the cot! oil into a hole, some two inches in depth! Tesla began to realize
to a cold water pipe, and reactivating the coil, Thomson was the true nature of the fine issuing gas which projected from
thrilled to find that the nature of the spark had changed from wire ends immersed in oil. He now prepared an extensive series
blue to white. Wishing to amplify this eect, Thomson attached of tests in order to determine the true cause and nature of these
the other pole to a large metal tabletop. Again reac-tivating the shocking air pulses. In his article, Tesla describes the shield-
coil produced a shrieking silver-white spark, en-tirely visible to permeating shocks as soundwaves of electrified air.
any who sat in the last row. Wishing to show this to a colleague, Nevertheless, he makes a remarkable statement concerning the
Edwin Houston, Thomson made for the door and was abruptly sound, heat, light, pressure, and shock which he sensed passing
stopped. Touching the brass knob on the otherwise insulated directly through copper plates. Collectively, they imply the
oak door, Thomson received an unex-pected sizzling shock. presence of a medium of gaseous structure, that is, one
Turning o the Ruhmkorrf Coil, Thom-son found it possible to consisting of independent carriers capable of free motion.
stop the eect. Calling for Edwin, he summarized what had Since air was obviously not this medium, to what then was he
occurred. Then turning the unit back on again, the stinging referring? Further in the article he clearly states that besides
charge eects returned. The two gen- the air, an-
7

other medium is present. circuits. The dynamos being used provided deadly voltages,
capable of killing a man. The valve circuits were forcing a
strange radiance of those deacUyfield energies. Somehow, the
V. RADIANT ELECTRICITY dynamo energy was being expanded into space with danger-ous
and painful force. But how? By what mysterious and
provocative means was this condition established? The re-sult
Through successive experimental arrangements, Tesla dis-
of this experimental series fixed a new concept in Teslas mind.
covered several facts concerning the production of his eect.
Tesla had of course realized the implications of his mysterious
First, the cause was undoubtedly found in the abruptness of
shocking-field eect. This was radiant electric-ity. With this
charging. It was tn the switch closure, the very instant of clo-
phenomenon, Tesla could develop a far better world-changing
sure and break, which thrust the eect out into space. The
technology than Polyphase. Moreover, this radiant electric
eect was definitely related to time, IMPULSE time. Second,
eect could replace powerlines. The Tesla Re-search
Tesla found that it was imperative that the charging process
Laboratory was a four story structure which stood at 33-
occurred in a Singleimpulse. No reversal of current was per-
35South Fifih Avenue in New York City. Buildings such as the
missible, else the eect would not manifest. In this, Tesla made
Tesla Laboratory may yet be found in the Soho section of
succinct remarks describing the role of capacity in the spark-
Marthaltan. Each is large in size, amply supplied with sev-eral
radiative circuit. He found that the eect was pow-erfully
floors of immense gallery halls and upper floor studios. He was
strengthened by placing a capacitor between the dis-rupter and
thus aorded the space to perform several critical experiments
the dynamo. While providing a tremendous power in the eect,
in broadcast electrical power techniques. Tesla first conducted
the dielectric of the capacitor also served to pro-tect the dynamo
elaborate and extensive investigations in order to comprehend
windings. Not yet sure of the process at work in this
the exact nature of this new electrical eect. Tesla realized that
phenomenon, Tesla sought the empirical understanding required
this strange shocking field actually radi-ated through space
for its amplification and utilization. He had already realized the
from the impulse apparatus. If this was electrostatic energy, it
significance of this unexpected eect. The idea of bringing this
was more intense and more penetrat-ing than any electrostatic
strange and wondrous new phenomenon to its full potential
field he had ever observed. If this was merely a stuttered
already suggested thrilling new possibilities in his mind. He
electrostatic field, why then was its strength so very intensified?
completely abandoned research and develop-ment of alternating
Tesla began to believe that he had discovered a new electrical
current systems after this event, intimating that a new
force, not simply a treatment of an existing force. It is for this
technology was about to unfold. The eect could also be
reason that he often described the eect as electrodynamic or
greatly intensified to new and more powerful levels by raising
more electrostatic.
the voltage, quickening the switch make-break rate, and
shortening the actual time of switch closure. Thus far, Tesla By properly adjusting the inherent circuit parameters, Tesla
employed rotating contact switches to produce his unidi- learned how to produce an extremely rapid series of unidirec-
rectional impulses. When these mechanical impulse systems tional impulses on demand. When the impulses were short,
failed to achieve the greatest possible eects, Tesla sought a abrupt, and precise in their successions, Tesla found that the
more automatic and powerful means. He found this auto- shocking eect could permeate very large volumes of space
matic switch in special electrical arc dischargers. The high with apparently no loss of intensity. He also found that the
voltage output of a DC generator was applied to twin conduc- shocking eect penetrated sizable metal shields and most in-
tors through his new arc mechanism, a very powerful perma- sulators with ease. Developing a means for controlling the
nent magnet sitting crosswise to the discharge path. The dis- number of impulses per second, as well as the intermittent time
charge arc was automatically and continually blown out by intervals between each successive impulse, he began dis-
this magnetic field. Imperative toward obtaining the desired rare covering a new realm of eects. Each impulse duration gave its
eect, the capacitor and its connected wire lines had to be so own peculiar eects. Able to feel the stinging shocks, though
chosen as to receive and discharge the acquired elec-trostatlc shielded at a distance of nearly fifty feet from his ap-paratus,
charge in unidirectional staccato fashion. The true Tesla circuit Tesla recognized at once that a new potential for elec-trical
very much resembles a pulse jet, where no back pressure ever power transmission had been revealed to him. Tesla was first to
stops the onrushing flow. Electrostatic charge rises to a understand that electrical shock waves represented a new means
maximum, and is discharged much more quickly. The constant for transforming the world.
application of high voltage dynamo pressure to the circuit Even as his Polyphase had done, Tesla fully intended to
insures that continual successions of charge-rapid discharge disclose his discoveries to the world at large. Radiant elec-
are obtained. It is then and only then that the Tesla Eect is tricity had special characteristics of which the scientific world
observed. Pulses literally flow through the apparatus from the had no knowledge. If released with sucient power, radiant
dynamo. The capacitor, disrupter, and its attached wire lines, electrical broadcasts could kill. His initial experiments were
behave as the flutter valve. suciently potent enough to cause severe and painful stings.
The high voltage dynamo remains the true electrostatic Here was a lethal system requiring control and development
source in the apparatus. This was a fact well appreciated by What was intended to be a great benefit to humanity could be
Tesla, who disliked the painful radiant eects proceed-ing misconstrued as the greatest detriment. Working with a sim-ple
into space. It was evident that the dynamo had some-how but powerful embodiment of his original apparatus, Tesla found
been modified by the addition of these pulsing valve that radiant electricity could induce powerful electrical
8

eects at a distance. These eects were not alternations, not ant field, exploded into vapor. Pain and physical movements
alternating waves. They were longitudinal waves, composed ceased when impulses of 100 microseconds or less were pro-
of successive shocking waves. The advance of each shock- duced. These latter features suggested weapon systems of
ing wave, followed by short neutral zones together frightful potentials.
comprised the radiant field. Vectorial components of these With impulses of 1.0 microsecond duration, strong physio-
shockwave successions were always unidirectional. The logical heat was sensed. Further decreases in impulse brought
stuttering shock-waves were capable of forcing charges in spontaneous illuminations capable of filling rooms and vac-uum
the direction of their propagation. globes with white light. At these impulse frequencies, Tesla was
Objects placed near this device became powerfully electri- able to stimulate the appearance of eects which are normally
fied, retaining a Singular charge sign for many minutes after the admixed among the electromagnetic energies in-herent in
magnetic discharger had been deactivated. Tesla found it sunlight. Shorter impulses produced cool room pen-etrating
possible to amplify these Single charge eects by a Sim-ple breezes, with an accompanying uplift in mood and awareness.
asymmetrical alignment of the magnetic discharger. By placing There were no limits in this progression toward impulses of
the magnetic discharger closer to one or the other side of the diminished duration. None of these impulse en-ergies could be
charging dynamo, either force positive or force neg-ative duplicated through the use of high frequency harmonic
vectors could be selected and projected, Thus, charge could be alternations, those which Sir Oliver Lodge popu-larized, and
projected into or drawn from any object in the field space. which later was embodied in Marconi Wave Ra-dio. Few could
Introducing objects into the radiant space gave spectac-ular reproduce these eects because so few under-stood the absolute
eects, becoming surrounded by crowns of white sparks. necessity of observing those parameters set by Tesla. These
Objects charged by this apparatus evidenced a powerful and facts have been elucidated by Eric Dollard, who also
permeating charge action like no other seen before. This was a successfully obtained the strange and distinct eects claimed
new electrical force. Tesla realized more than ever that he was by Tesla.
in unknown territory. The fact that these radiant forces travelled
as light-like rays distinguished them from the elec-tromagnetic
waves of Maxwell. The waves were weak, but these rays were VI. TRANSFORMER
strong. Uncommonly strong Directional ef-fects could obtained
by shaping the wire lines which radiated the shocking waves. By 1890, after a period of intense experimentation and de-
The condition which best radiated evenly in all directions sign development, Tesla summarized the components neces-
required that each line be semi-circular, the entire apparatus sary for the practical deployment of a radiant electrical power
being circularly disposed. How far did this field extend, and distribution system. Tesla had already discovered the wonder-
what was the eect of distance on the inten-sity of the radiant ful fact that impulse durations of 100 microseconds or less
field? Tesla found it impossible to measure a diminution in could not be sensed and would do no physiological harm. He
radiant force at several hundred yards. In com-parison, he planned to use these in his power broadcast. Further-more,
recalled that Hertz found it relatively easy to mea-sure notable shocking waves of 100 microsecond duration passed through all
inverse square diminutions within the confines of his laboratory matter, a fitting form of electrical energy to broad-cast
in Bonn. Tesla suspected that these eects were coherent, not throughout the stone, steel, and glass of a power-needy city.
subject to inverse laws other than those due to ray divergence. If Tesla would not expect distortions with specially ad-justed
he wished to broadcast power to a neighbor-hood, it would be energy fields, vectors which permeated matter without
critical that all radiant energy be focussed in receivable interactive eects. Tesla made a most startling discovery the
directions. same year, when placing a long Single-turn copper helix near
Also, Tesla wished to determine the eect of gradually de- his magnetic disrupter. The coil, some two feet in length, did not
creased impulse durations required greatest skill and precau- behave as did solid copper pipes and other objects. The thin-
tion. Tesla knew that he would be exposing himself to mor-tal walled coil became ensheathed in an envelope of white sparks,
danger. Controlling the rapidity of current blowout in the Undulating from the crown of this coil were very long and
magnetic DC are, Tesla released a new spectrum of light-like fluidic silvery white streamers, soft discharges which ap-peared
energies throughout his large gallery space. These en-ergetic to have been considerably raised in voltage, These ef-fects were
species were like no other which the world has since seen. Tesla greatly intensified when the helical coil was placed within the
found that impulse duration alone defined the ef-fect of each clisrupterwire circle, Inside this shockzone, the helical coil
succinct spectrum. These eects were completely distinctive, was surrounded in a blast which hugged into its surface, and
endowed with strange additional qualities never purely rode up the coil to its open end, It seemed as though the
experienced in Nature. Moreover, Tesla observed dis-tinct color shockwave actually pulled away from surrounding space to
changes in the discharge space when each impulse range had cling to the coil surface, a strange attractive prefer-ence. The
been reached or crossed. Never before seen dis-charge shockwave flowed over the coil at right angles to the windings,
colorations did not remain a mystery for long. Trains of an unbelievable eect. The sheer length of dis-charges leaping
impulses, each exceeding 0.1 millisecond duration, pro-duced from the helix crown was incomprehensible, With the disrupter
pain and mechanical pressures. In this radiant field, ob-jects discharge jumping I inch in its magnetic housing, the white
visibly vibrated and even moved as the force field drove them llimmering discharges rose from the helix to a measured length
along. Thin wires, exposed to sudden bursts of the radi- of over two feet. This discharge equalled
9

the very length of the coil itself1 It was an unexpected and mary, and to the helical coil placed within the shockzone,
un-heard transformation. as his special secondary. But he never intended anyone to
Here was an action more nearly electrostatic in nature, equate these terms with those referring to magnetoelectric
although he knew that academes would not comprehend this transformers. This discovery was indeed completely
term when used in this situation, Electrostatic energy did not dierent from magneto-induction. There was a real and
fluctuate as did his shockwaves. The explosive shockwave had measurable reason why he could make this outlandish
characteristics unlike any other electrical machine in ex-istence, statement There was an attribute which completely baed
Yet Tesla stated that the shockwave, during the brief instant in Tesla for a time. Tesla measured a zero current condition in
which it made its explosive appearance, more nearly resembled these long copper secondary coils. He determined that the
an electrostatic field than any other known electri-cal current which should have appeared was completely absent.
manifestation, Just as in electrostatic friction machines, where Pure voltage was rising with each inch of coil surface. Tesla
current and magnetism are negligible, a very energetic field constantly referred to his electrostatic induction laws, a
component fills space in radiating lines, This dielectric field principle which few compre-hended. Tesla called the
normally launches through space in a slow growth as charges combined disrupter and secondary helix a Transforrner.
are gathered. Here was a case where a DC gener-ator provided Tesla Transformers are not magnetoelectric devices, they
the high voltage. This voltage charged an in-sulated hoop of use radiant shockwaves, and produce pure voltage without
copper, growing to its maximum value. If all values in the current. No university High Frequency Coil must ever be
circuit were properly balanced, in the man-ner prescribed by called a Tesla Coil, since the devices usually employed in
Tesla, a sudden charge collapse would then occur, This collapse demonstration halls are the direct result of apparatus per-
was necessarily very much shorter than the interval required to fected by Sir Oliver Lodge and not by Nikola Tesla. The
charge the hoop, The collapse comes when the magnetic Tesla Transformer is an impulse apparatus, and cannot be as
disrupter extinguishes the are, If the circuit is properly easily constructed except by strict conformity with parame-
structured, no backrush alternations ever occur. ters which Tesla enunciated. Tesla Transformers produce ex-
traordinary white impulse discharges of extreme length and
This unidirectional succession of charge-d.ischarge im-
pressure, which exceed the alternating violet spark displays
pulses causes a very strange field to expand outward, one
of Lodge Coils. This is illustrated by noting the manner in
which vaguely resembles a stuttering or staccato electro-
which Tesla Transformers are actually constructed. While
static field, But these terms did not satisfactorily describe the
looking and seeming the same, each system actually
conditions actually measured around the apparatus, a power-
performs very dierent functions. Lodge Coils are
ful radiant eect exceeding all expectable electrostatic val-
alternators. Tesla Trans-formers are unidirectional impulses.
ues, Actual calculation of these discharge ratios proved im-
possible, Implementing the standard magneto-inductive The most ecient Tesla Transformations were obtained only
trans-former rule, Tesla was unable to account for the when the disruptive radiating wire line equalled the mass of the
enormous voltage multiplication eect. Conventional helical coil. The empirical determination proved that a
relationships fail-ing, Tesla hypothesized that the eect was mysterious and Simple mass-to-mass correspondence nec-
due entirely to ra-diant transformation rules, obviously essarily existed between the disrupter apparatus and the sec-
requiring empirical de-termination, Subsequent ondary coil. Tesla learned that a simple balance beam could be
measurements of discharge lengths and helix attributes used to best design his Transformers. Metal line or thick metal
provided the necessary new mathematical relationship. strapping would be cut and placed on one side of the balance.
He had discovered a new induction law, one where radiant Thin copper wire would be unwound from a spool and hung on
shockwaves actually auto-intensified when encountering seg- the other balance beam end. When the bal-ance was even, when
mented objects. The segmentation was the key to releasing the the masses were identical, Tesla cut the thin wire. Transformers
action. Radiant shockwaves encountered an helix and flashed made in this mass-to-mass ratio con-sistently provided the most
over the outer skin, from end to end. This shockwave did not powerful transformations. Each Transformer conducted a
pass through the windings of the coil at all, treating the coil specific impulse duration with spe-cial force. Therefore each
surface as an aerodynamic plane. The shockwave pulse auto- had to be tuned by adjusting the disrupter to that specific
intensified exactly as gas pressures continually increase when impulse duration. Adjustments of arc distance provided this
passing through Venturi tuhes. A consistent increase in elec- control factor. Once each transformer was tuned to its own
trical pressure was measured along the coil surface. Indeed, special response rate, impulses could flow smoothly through the
Tesla stated that voltages could often be increased at an amaz- system like gas flowing in a pipe. Finding that gas-dynarnic
ing 10,000 volts per inch of axial coil surface. This meant that a analogies and applications indeed provided him with a
24 inch coil could absorb radiant shockwaves which initially consistent record of successful assess-ments in these regards,
measured 10,000 volts, with a subsequent maximum rise to Tesla began considering whether or not the white flame
240,000 volts! Such transformations of voltage were unheard discharges, so dierent from anything he had ever seen, might
with apparatus of this volume and simplicity. Tesla further not be a gaseous manifestation of elec-trostatic force. There
discovered that the output voltages were mathematically re- were certainly abundant experimental instances in which a
lated to the resistance of turns in the helix. Higher resistance purely gaseous nature, so unlike any-thing electrical, was being
meant higher voltage maxima. clearly made manifest. The man-ner in which the radiant
He began referring to his disrupter line as his special pri- shockwave travelled over the wire
10

cailings in white flimmering laminar streams, brought a new cent bulbs for the copper path. The current in this situation
revolution in thought. Voltage pulses traversed the secondary chose to conform with a contradictory principle. Perhaps this
surface like a gas pulse under increasing constriction, Until was true because the currents were not electrical. Tesla
reaching the free end of the coil, these gaseous pulses flowed repeat-edly used this demonstration to evidence the
over the copper surface rather than through it. Tesla referred fractionation of currents electronic, from currents neutral.
to this specific manifestation as the skin eect. In this the
discharge greatly resembled the manner of gases in motion
over surfaces. VII. LUMINIFEROUS THER
Furthermore, whenever a metal point was connected to the
upper terminal of one of his Transformers, the stream became A Single question remained, the answer to which would
more directive. It behaved just like a stream of water in a pipe. provide him with the essential information needed to create a
When the white flimmering stream was directed at dis-tant new technology. What so separated or fractioned the diverse
metal plates, it produced electronic charges. This charge mobile carriers in his Transformer? It was the geometric con-
production could be measured as amperage, current, at the figuration of the coil which inadvertently separated each com-
reception site. In transit however, no such amperage existed. ponent. Electrons were blocked from flowing through the wire
Amperage appeared only when intercepted. Eric Dollard has length, while the radiant pulse was released over the coil sur-
stated that the space surrounding Tesla Impulse Transformers so face as a gaseous pulse. Electrons should have drifted through
surges with these streams that the interception current can the wire but, during each impulse period, were blocked by the
reach several hundred or even thousands of amperes. But of line resistance. Thus, the gaseous mobile carriers were re-leased
what was this mysterious stream composed? Tesla strug-gled to flow outside the wire, a pulse which travelled along the outer
with the doubt that these discharge phenomena might be coil surface from end to end.
ordinary electricity behaving in extraordinary ways. But did Here then was evidence that electrical discharges were in-
electricity indeed have a smooth, soft, and fllmmertng nature? deed composed of several simultaneous mobile species.
The electricity with which he was familiar was shocking, hot, Tesla now comprehended why his first high frequency
burning, deadiy, piercing, stinging, alI the attributes of an ir- alternating currents never evidenced these powerful actions.
ritant. But this discharge phenomenon was, whether cool or It was the abruptness, the violence of the impulsive
warm to the touch, soft and gentle. It would not kill. Even the discharge, which gave free mobility to this unsuspected
manner in which the pulse exploded as bright white dis-charges gaseous component Impulses, unidirectional impulses,
of greatly transformed voltage, suggested the way in which were the only means by which these potentials could be
gases behave when released from their confinements under unlocked. Alternations were absolutely useless in this regard.
pressure. These reflective meditations convinced Tesla that this Moreover, because alterna-tions could not unleash the
eect was not purely electrical in nature. Closely examining the second gas-dynamic component, it remained an unusable
white flames, Tesla realized why there was no measurable and pitifully weak means. Tesla for-ever viewed his high
electrical current at the crown of these activated coils. The frequency alternating devices as failed projects. This has
normal heavy charge carriers, electrons, could not travel as great bearing on his highly critical views of Marconi and all
quickly as the radiant pulse itself. Choked in the metallic lattice the others like him who pursued high fre-quency alternating
of the coil, electrons became immobile. No electron current wave radio. Tesla began to study a topic which has found
moved through the coil at all. The radiant pulse which moved more enemies and critics than any this cen-tury. Tesla, with
over the coil surface, was therefore not electronic in nature. greatest interest now, began researching the ther.
Victorian Science came to believe that space, all of space,
Additionally, Tesla discovered an amazing phenomenon was absolutely permeated with an ultrafine gas which they
termed ther, It was in this gaseous atmosphere that light was
which removed all doubt concerning the true nature of en-
ergetic carriers at work in his apparatus. Tesla arranged a very said to be transmitted through space. In fact, space was not
viewed as a pure vacuum, ther filled that vacuum. Some
heavy a U-shaped copper bus-bar, connecting both legs directly
to his disrupter primary. Across the legs of this U-shaped busbar Victorians stated that the ther could, at times, be visibly seen.
The golden haze which often fills spaces within build-ings were
were placed several incandescent lamps. The arrangement was a
very evident short circuit. The lamps were illuminated to a said to be manifestations of ther gas. These dis-plays could be
seen in conditions of minimal humidity and in the absence of
brilliant cold white light, while being shorted by a heavy copper
shunt. Uncharacteristic of particulate cur-rent electricity, the aerial dust. Others mentioned the colorations often seen with the
eyes opened, in a dark room or against a ganzfeld, as evidence
bright but cold lamps revealed that an-other energetic current
was indeed flowing through the short-circuits. Those who of retheric luminations (Reichenbach). In order to satisfy all of
the physical dynamics which eventu-ally became attached to the
observed this experiment did not ex-pected it to perform any
function save the incineration of the disrupter circuit and concept, ther gas acquired sev-eral mutually contradictory
attributes.
possibly of the dynamo itself. Instead of this, witnesses beheld a
marvel. The lamps lit to an un-common brightness. In this Lodge stated that ther gas necessarily existed in a density
Simple demonstration, Tesla was illustrating but one of his comparable to that of steel, yet behaved as a fluid. ther gas
many evidences. Electronic charges would prefer the least was also capable of passing through most substances, a per-
resistant circuit, rejecting the incandes- meating substance having no terrestrial equal. When an ex-
11

periment designed to measure ther drift with light beam analogues. Throughout his use of such terminology, Tesla
interferometry failed, most repudiated the existence of this was inferring that something unlike normal electricity was
gaseous space filling atmosphere altogether. Just before this flowing through short electrical impulses. That something
moment in science history however, a wonderful theoretical was indeed behaving like a gas. The gas-dynamic
abstract was published explaining the reality of the ther in components which rode the outer coil surface required
chemical terms. If not for the author and his credibility, few aerodynamically smooth sur-faces.
would appreciate the import of his assertions. Tesla came to believe that dielectric fields were actually
A comprehensive analysis of these contradictory attributes composed of ther streams. Theoretically then, one could de-
was engaged by Professor Dmitri Mendeleev, father of the rive limitless energy by trapping and conducting a naturally
Periodic Table. Just before the turn of the Century, Dr. occurring dielectric field line. The problem was that no or-
Mendeleev produced a wonderful theoretical view which dinarily accessible material could resist the ther enough to
ele-gantly satisfied each of the reigning contradictions of his derive any momentum from it With a stream so rare as to pass
day. His work was published years later in a small booklet through all known materials, the kinetic energy inherent in
enti-tled A Chemical Conception of The Ether (1904). dielectric field lines would remain an elusive energy source.
Herein, he treated the rether gas as an interstellar atmosphere Tesla believed he may have found the secret to tapping this
com-posed of at least two lighter-than-hydrogen elements. energy, but it would not require an ordinary kind of matter.
These were produced by violent bombardments in stars, the Tesla viewed voltage as streams of ther under various states of
sun be-ing the most prolific neighboring source. According pressure. Raising these stresses could produce enormous rether
to Dr. Mendeleev, ther gas was an atmosphere probably streams, where the observed voltages would then be ex-tremely
composed of several dierent elemental species. He high and luminous. This was the very condition which Tesla had
anticipated that the two gases would be found. Although come to believe had been established in his Trans-formers. In
these pre-hydrogen ele-ments remained yet unknown, fact, Tesla repeatedly stated that his Transformers eected
Mendeleev placed them in his Periodic Table just as he did powerful movements in the ther. In one truly mys-tifying
when composing the Table in 1869. experiment indicative of these comprehension, Tesla describes
These gases were placed in a special zero group pre-ceding the production of very rapid impulse trains with a subsequent
the Noble gases. The inertness of these ther gases explained production of cool misty white streamers extend-ing a yard
their elusive non-reactive character. The nearly massless state into space. These were cool to the touch, and harmless. If
of these dierent eethenc gases explained their ability both to electrical in nature, they would necessarily have been several
permeate all matter without chemically inter-acting with it, and million volts in potentials. Their harmlessness is coupled with
the high apparent density of ther. The lightest and first ther their sinuous nature, one completely unlike electrical currents.
gas was assigned a theoretical atomic weight one hundred Michael Theroux successfully duplicated Teslian experiments
millionth that of hydrogen. The kinetic velocity of this first gas with an apparatus whose secondary was no more than 2 feet in
was calculated at 2.5 million me-ters per second. Such a highly length, with a width of 1 fool. When charged with a powerful
mobile and vanishing theric mass could be rarefied and yet electrostatic disruptive device of his own design and
appear extremely dense. Dr. Mendeleev fully anticipated that construction, Mr. Theroux succeeded in pro-ducing fluidic
these gaseous elements would someday be found through white streamers, sometimes exceeding 12 feet in length! These
extraordinary apparatus. Others felt that, in this physical streamers continually grew in size, reaching the far wall of a
analysis, Dr. Mendeleev had not glimpsed the real ther at all. cellar laboratory. Sinuous in their twisting manner, he reports
Many Victorian claimed that ther was extremely dense, like a that the ends of these branched with lo-bate ends, an unlikely
flood of matter which could be felt as a pressure and seen as a characteristic for ordinary electricity. Contrasted against the
multicolored radiance. Tesla ascribed to both of these views. discharges produced by Wimhurst Ma-chines and other
Electrostatic devices alone, these white and highly vibrant
Tesla applied these principles in explaining the actions so displays lacked the blue and stark jaggedness commonly
visibly at work in his newest apparatus. Macroscopically, ra- associated with sparks termed electric. In the light of
diant shockwaves behaved as a gaseous impulse having elec- experimental achievements such as these, and their at-tendant
trical characteristics. This was no ordinary gas however. This phenomena, we are required to review our theoretical base and
gaseous component was not atmospheric in the ordinary reassess our most fundamental conventions.
sense. It was not the result of adsorbed gases on the cop-per coil Indeed, to understand Tesla Technology one must eliminate
surface. This gas pulse travelled over the coil surfaces with the notion that electrons are the working fluid in his radiant
super-luminal velocity. Mr. Dollard utilized line inter-ferometry energy designs. With the lower coil end connected directly to
to measure and compare both components in a real Tesla the dynamo, high voltage ther streamers were projected from
Impulse Transformer, and has proven the vast velocity the upper terminal. When describing each of his relevant patents
dilIerences between both. Moreover, the mysterious surface- in this new technology, Tesla forever spoke of light-like rays
riding component was found to travel at a super-luminal ve- and the natural medium. The first term refers to the tightly
locity. Those experimental measurement successfully vindi- constricted ther streams which are propelled from his
cated the claim of Tesla in this regards in 1985. When re-ferring Transformers along infmitesimal ray lines, and the latter refers
to these discharges and their strange attributes and ef-fects, to the all-pervading ther atmosphere in which his technology
Tesla always used gasdynarnic terms and gas-dynamic operated.
12

Tesla now understood why the coloration of discharges var- recognized that these discharges, while spectacular and awe
ied so with various impulse durations. Each gas of the theric inspiring, actually represented lost power. A power broadcast
atmosphere was being stimulated to luminescence. Tesla re- station had to evenly disperse the energetic radiance in all di-
peatedly produced discharge colorations which had no equiv- rections. Flame-like discharges caused the available power to
alent in the common gas spectra prevalent in the terrestrial undulate in space. This would produce unpredictable power
atmosphere. Colors of blood-red, and sky blue, of peach, and drops at great distances. Consumers would not receive a re-
white were each described in detail by Nikola Tesla. Al-though liable and consistent stream of energy. If his Power Trans-
sharing certain characteristics with electricity, theric energy former was to operate with highest broadcast eciency, these
was a totally dierent expression. theric energy held a flame-like discharges necessarily had to be suppressed. But
potential which more nearly matched the expectations of those suppressing these excessive ther jets proved problematic.
who dream and wish, a mystery realm. Tesla perceived this Tesla found that the white tlimmering streams were ab-sorbed
kinship between thought and theric energy with keen-est in large capacity volumes, masses in which the streams were
intrigue, already planning the several necessary investiga-tions absorbed, filtered, and expelled. The use of copper spheres atop
before approaching this potential psychotronic technol-ogy. He his Transformers forced the streams suciently apart to
often exposed himself to the very shortest of ther impulse suppress the white flame. Power was now evenly dispersed
radiance, discovering the mind-elevating eects grew with throughout space as required. But a new problem appeared. The
lime. Etheric energy demonstrated growth character-istics copper spheres, being impacted by the high voltage streams
which Tesla noted with amazement. It is impossible to which they were forced to now conduct, ex-pelled electronic
comprehend Teslian Technology apart from the controver-sial components. These appeared along with the radiance, producing
topic concerning the ther, Many analysts will reject the truly dangerous conditions. The prob-lem was stimulated by
concept without first seeking out and discovering the proofs conduction, a case where the spherical copper ball was
which have been established by experimenters such as Eric impacted throughout its volume. The white flimmering streams
Dollard. Nevertheless, the overwhelming evidence proves that permeated the copper and expelled elec-trons. These
Tesla had indeed been first to identify the gases which Dr. contaminants concentrated their escape from the system as
Mendeleev had so long predicted. Tesla addressed the notion harmful, blue stinging dartlets. By comparison, the white flame-
that ther streams were being pulled through his Transform-ers, like discharge was a smooth and harmless glow.
drawn in at higher natural pressure, and accelerated in the sharp Comparing the two species, Tesla recognized the dierence
electrical discharge. As electrical systems, Tesla apparatus in charge carriers. Tesla was once nearly killed when one such
cannot completely be understood or explained. One must view dartlet jumped three feet through the air and struck him di-rectly
Teslian Technology as an ther gas technology, one capable of over the heart. The copper spheres had to be removed and
being explained only through gas-dynamic ana-logues. replaced by another dispersion component. Metals were
apparently of no utility in this case, being natural reservoirs of
It was now easy to understand how such projected rays, electrons. Tesla eventually suggested that metals manufac-tured
ther gas streams under high pressure, could penetrate metals electrons when impacted with these special flame-white
and insulators alike. These powerful rays often could pene-trate currents, the carriers in the white flames becoming concen-
certain materials with inexplicable eciency. Electricity did trated within the metallic lattice. This concept was later devel-
not perform these wonders. Tesla also now understood why oped into an amazing theory by Tesla, one which thorougbly
these discharge streams produced their smoothly hissing explains natural radioactivity as the result of impact.
sounds, visibly appearing like gas jets under high pressure. While developing new lamps for his power system, Tesla
LEther gas under pressure. But what of the other character-istics discovered that gas-filled globes could provide more e-
of this gaseous component? Here was a new world of forces and cient suppression capacity for flaring ther streams, and
dynamiCSvaguely glimpsed by researchers such as promptly directed that his transformers be surmounted with
LUigiGalvani who, in order to release the more vitalizing such globes. The absence of metal mass eliminated the pos-
components observed in metals which were aerially disposed or sibility that ther impulses could impact the metal lattice
grounded, persistently sought the elimination of electronic and expel electronic charges. These gas-globe terminals
charge. Tesla was completely mystified. He had successfully dispersed only the pure theric stream, a perfect solution for
released the mystery current, normally suppressed and bound in his original dilemma. Tesla now found himself in possession
electronic charge carriers. Unidirectional impulsive dis-charges of compo-nents necessary to establishing his Power
of high voltage and abrupt durations released them. What other Broadcast System on a commercial basis.
potentials would ther gas technology release? He had already observed how the very air near these Trans-
formers could be rendered strangely self-luminous. This was a
light like no high frequency coil ever could produce, a corona of
VIII. BROADCAST POWER white brilliance which expanded to ever enlarging diame-ters.
The light from Tesla Transformers continually expands. Tesla
described the growing column of light which surrounds any
The original cylindrical coils were quickly replaced with
elevated line which has been connected to his Transform-ers.
cone shaped coils. With these bizarre geometries, Tesla was
Unlike common high frequency alternations, Tesla radi-ant
able to focus the gas-dynamic component, which now rose
energy eects grow with time. Tesla recognized the rea-
up like a jet of hissing white light from the coil tip. Tesla
13

son for this temporal growth process. There were no reversals in energy for home and industry alike.
the source discharges. therefore the radiant energy would never Tesla performed outdoor experimental tests of broadcast
remove the work performed on any space or material so power in the northernmost reaches of Manhattan by night.
exposed. N; with the unidirectional impulse discharges, the Sending metallized balloons aloft, he raised conductive lines.
radiant electric eects were additive and accumulative. In this These were connected to the terminals of his Transformers, and
respect, Tesla observed energy magnifications which seemed activated. When properly adjusted, the white luminous columns
totally anomalous to ordinary engineering convention. began covering the vertical aerial line and expanded by the
It was easy to control the brilliance of a room by control-ling second. Enveloping Tesla, his assistants, and the sur-rounding
the voltage in his transformers. The light from this sort of trees, this strange white luminosity moved out into the
illumination was curiously bright to human perception, but countryside to an enormous volume of space. Tesla de-scribed
nearly impossible to photograph on film. Tesla found it neces- this phenomenon in several of his power transmis-sion patents,
sary to make long time exposures of his discharges before the the obvious artifact of a non-electrical energy. His Transformer
faintest sort of streamers could be made visible. This strange was now behaving as Originallyvisualized. Now it was a true
inability to register photographically was contrasted against the Transmitter, a Transmitter of retheric en-ergy. Appliances were
brilliance perceived in the eyes, one which required del-icate disposed at various distances from this temporary central
control. Tesla also designed, built, and utilized large globe broadcast station on the meadows, absorb-ing energy from the
lamps which required only a Single external plate for receiving retheric radiance and performing to full eciency. Lamps
the radiant energies. However distantly placed from the radiant brilliant, motors humming, heaters radiat-ing. The small radiant
source, these lamps became brilliantly illuminated. Theirs was a system worked with a rare power. More highly energetic,
brilliance approaching that of an arc lamp, and exceeding any of exceeding the mobility of ionic charges, and overpowering any
the conventional Edison filament lamps by several factors. It field inductions by several thousand orders, only retheric energy
was also easy for Tesla to control the heat of any space. By could have accomplished this feat. Tesla had all of the
controlling both the voltage and impulse duration of energy in components now. Broadcast power, once a visionary dream, had
his Transformers, Tesla could heat up a room. Cool breezes become a working system. There ap-peared to be no limit to the
could also be arranged by appropriately setting the impulse potential of this technological marvel. Tesla discovered a fact
duration. which later developed into a later regime of thought. He found
Tesla was amazed by the fact that mass ratios governed the to his amazement that Sin-gle connections from impulse
ecient operation of his ther Transformers. The wonderful transmitter to ground produced greatly intensified responses in
fact that mass ratios provided the most ecient transaction of his distant appliances. This principle was applied to the
broadcast energy was the mystifying reminder that these appliances as well, resulting in an unprecedented increase in
energies were not electrical. No electrical law existed in just their overall performance. The Sin-gleground connection
such a bizarre format, not even when describing inductions be- suddenly produced new and anomalous eciencies in the
tween high frequency alternators. The original gas-clynamic system, an extraordinary excess of energy which his impulse
implication inherent in this strange ratio requirement was con- transmitter was providing. Tesla was fa-miliar with the natural
firmed. Now Tesla designed receiving apparatus for his future growth process of retheric streams, but why would ground
consumers. The mass of home receiving coils had to match the connections so magnify the brilliance of lamps and the output of
equivalent mass of the central transmitting coils of the motors in this way?
broadcast center. Tesla matched coils and capacitors to pro-duce This observation stimulated perplexing thoughts. How
this equivalent mass ratio, satisfying the natural require-ments was retheric energy, a supposed aerial dynamic, tunneling
of the theric radiance. An elevated ball-like terminal would through the ground? Why were the magnification eects
receive the broadcast energy, conveying it down into a central noticed when his appliances were ground connected? What
home-distribution apparatus. Here, the eethenc en-ergy would self-magnifying capabilities were possibly stimulated when
be rebroadcast throughout the household without wires. operating in con-junction with the ground connection? Was
Appliances could Simply be moved to where they were needed, the earth itself a vast reservoir of ther gas? Furthermore, in
and turned on. Nothing could be more simple. what condition was this gas. was it under pres? sure? The
While Teslas models were made with technological ob- phenomenon stim-ulated a revolution in his mind. For in
jectives in mind, he was not without an appreciation of fine art this, Tesla perceived an unexpected power source.
and the beauty of artistic elegance. In certain respects, Teslas
tastes were extravagant, a luxury which he could cer-tainly yet
aord. He was certain that each component of his system IX. THERIC CURRENT
would be redesigned by artists and made more appeal-ing for
the consumer. The look of these appliances carried with them The key to producing all eethenc action was to secure a
an aire of the future. In fact, Tesla invented an as-tounding means for actually eecting retheric deviations, the very thing
collection of futuristic-looking appliances. Motors now now possessed by Tesla alone. Sir Oliver Lodge stated that the
appeared in an amazing variety, requiring no wire con-nections, only means for getting at the ther was an electrical means,
save the small metal plates held on opposite ends of the motor but not one member of the Royal Society had been able to
housing, Placed in any position, the motors pow-erfully spun achieve this feat with the rare exception of Sir William Crookes.
when the radiant field was on. Here was motive The Tesla method used ther to modify ther! The
14

secret was separating the contaminants from the ther The magnetic disrupter was his primary means for
current at the very source of generation, a feat which he had fractional-ing the electrons from the ther particles. In his
achieved in his Transformers. But how? How, with the later devel-opments, Tesla described arc radiopower devices
apparatus made available to him through his creative which em-ployed pure nitrogen plasmas. Electrified with the
abilities, did he achieve what military groups today cannot? power of a high voltage DC generator, these magnetic ducted
Tesla used the violence of magnetically disrupted arc dis- devices fired explosive blasts of nitrogen plasma To this day,
charges to chaoticize electronic and theric carriers in metal no vac-uum tube radiogenerator can ever approach the pure
conductors. Breaktog the agglomerations which bind them to- power obtained through such high powered nitrogen arc
gether, each component was free to separate. This condition disrupters. Applying this kind of blast to circuitry
could not be achieved in arc discharges where currents were produced a host of unexpected eects. When the blast was
allowed to alternate. In such apparatus, the electronic carri-ers applied to thick cop-per strapping, stray electrons were
overwhelmed the release of ther and, while ther was present apparently thrust out of the current flow. These plasma blasts
in the discharge, could never be separated from the composite often leaped up to a height of twenty feet, a violent and
current. This is the fundamental reason why ex-perimenters in
totally unexpected response. In some cases this disrupter
produced bluewhite lightning like discharges, an action
England could never reproduce these eects, finally coneluding
which proved the expulsion of electronic currents from the
that Tesla was paraphrasing physical re-ality. Typically
primary circuit (Lehr). Yet, within the gap could be seen a
understated, the prevailing attitude toward Tesla found its real
dense stream of whitefire; a stream of purified ther gas.
source in an inability among researchers to truly comprehend
the elegance of what had been discovered. Thus, although There was a reason why nitrogen worked best in this ca-
shown these things in repeated demonstrations by Tesla himself, pacity. It was an electron absorber. Electronic charge was
the inability which prevailed among these highly esteemed best absorbed and carried out of the current when nitrogen
personages revealed the real source of error. gas was employed. Magnetic thrusting drove the electronic
The Tesla method began with the disruptive discharge. This charge away, the cause of bluish lightning-like bolts, Copper
disruptive discharge was more like an explosive charge, a blast
produced far too much electronic charge, the discharges
di-cult to restrain. There had to be a material which would
whose eects lasted for a controllable time increment.
pass ther without adding electrons through bombardment.
Successions of these blasts were possible only when sucient
Tesla found that the use of carbon was well-suited to this
disruption was maintained. The Tesla magnetic arc disrupter
purpose. Carbon proved to have the greatest eect in
was the chief tool of this process, a heavy duty discharge de-
maintatning a pu-rified ther state in the cleansed streams.
vice which yet finds its use in military power applications. This
Tesla replaced all the copper with carbon, finding that the
gap could be adjusted, and was held apart at a distance of
unmanageable light-ning bolts were substantially reduced in
several inches. The large polished spheres were often made of size. This potent de-vice ulilized two large ball-shaped
steel. Other models featured heavy curved horns, often carbon electrodes which were highly polished (Lehr).
bimetallic. With one made of carbon and the other of copper,
the bimetallic combination maintained a rectified condition in Magnetically cleansed of their accompanying electron pop-
the applied current. This eectively blocked any possible ulations, TesJa began to discover the phenomena accompany-
backrush possibly induced by the capacitor discharge. Tesla ing theric currents. Here was renewed evidence that electri-cal
Originally used atmospheric pressure to resist the instanta- current was indeed a complex mixture of particles. Once a well
neous formation of arcs across the heavy gap space of this expressed and well endorsed theory, the notion of cur-rent as a
component. He later experimented with various high pres-sures complex combination of streaming particles, was not limited to
and dierent gases. Each experiment provided new and electrons. In fact, no one knew exactly what electri-cal carriers
unexpected disruption eects. were. In this lack of definition, many anomalous such
discoveries ensued; a study absolutely required for those who
Victorian researchers such as Sir John Rayleigh discovered
would claim to be qualitative researchers. Furthermore, this
the truly strange behavior of nitrogen gas when electrified.
view explained all action at a distance. The tension in space
Tubes filled with nitrogen retained their electrified state for a
between electrostatically charged objects was viewed as a literal
long time after the current source had been removed. Glowing
streaming flow of ther particles from positive to negative. The
with a strange peach colored light, many wondered whether this
static charges themselves were thought to be constrictions
might not be a natural theric process in action. Tesla
through which space flowing ther could be automatically
investigated nitrogen gas as an atmosphere for his disrupter
directed. Electrostatic charge was equated with ther pressures.
because it seemed to contain an essential secret. Perhaps it
Electrostatic fields were viewed as rectified streams of ther.
would release a more uncontaminated theric current for his
The dielectric field, the dielectricity of which so many now
primaries. The extraordinary eciency of the magnetic arc
speak, was once held to be a streaming of ther particles among
disrupter in developing theric currents derived from several
charged bodies. But no one knew how to release that ther
principles. Tesla saw that electrical current was really a com-
stream from the adhesive electron sheaths in which ther
plex combination of ther and electrons. When electricity was
remained naturally imprisoned. LUigiGalvani had intimated the
applied to the disrupter a primary fractioning process took
atmosphere or aura of metals when, in 1620, he found that
place. Electrons were forcibly expelled from the gap by the
large metal plates could exert power-fully penetrating eects on
strong magnetic influence. The ther streams, neu-tral in
the heart and respiration, as well
charge, remained flowing through the circuit however.
15

as induce sleep or Vitality.These eects were greatly magni- The magnetic nitrogen gas disrupter was developed well
fied when grounded or elevated above ground. In these early beyond even this stage. Until well into the 1930 s, Tesla
discoveries, there remained new mysteries. continued to speak of the device capable of producing intense
Being that ther streams flowed do powerfully between rays. It was an open ended tube, one which surrounded an
strong electrostatic charges, some posited the possibility of electrified terminal with a streaming jet of suitable fluid.
deriving energy from the flow. All attempts however at inter- Through such means, Tesla claimed the release of collimated
rupting and suciently resisting such directed streams proved rays having transcendent intensity. Tesla therefore appro-
hopeless. ther was very obviously able to be stopped by no priated means by which electrons were eliminated from cur-
natural material! Tesla began to believe that it was only the lack rents, while eethenc components were accelerated and re-leased.
of appropriate materials and systems which prevented the pure Tesla was no longer working with electricity. Tesla worked
use of this momentum stream; a puzzle which baed Dr. with ther currents. New and startling eects could be obtained
Joseph Henry and Michael Faraday. Because their available when once the separation process, the fractioning process, had
materials, metals, were capable only of operating on the more been engaged. Tesla found that ther streams, though harmless
gross electrons, technology had been shaped and limited. to the body, were often devastating for more metallic things.
Magneto-induction was the result of limits imposed by ex- Passage through various kinds of matter al-ways produced new
isting technology. Magneto-induction used electrons and not and strange eects. To illustrate the fact that these currents
ther to eect force exchanges. Because electrons were not were not electrical, not some new manifes-tation of electronic
ultimate particles, not the ultimate particles generated in Na- current, Tesla often publicly performed a very strange
ture, they could not supply an endless source of momentum. demonstration. He grasped the upper terminal of one of his
These induction devices had to be moved to produce motion! large Transformers with one hand, while in the other hand
Tesla already saw the directions in which his technology could holding a thick metal bar. lEther current flowed through
move. The elimination of electrons from ther currents al-ready carbonaceous and watery media without harm. Nevertheless,
provided him with uncommon activities. Uncommon at least Tesla dramatically proved the strange bombarding power of
from the standpoint of pure electric or electrical these non-electronic currents as the metal in his hand either
phenomena, here were eects which could fmd no resolution in melted or exploded. The reaction of materials was entirely due
electrical science. This was ther physics, the foundation of an to the bombardment eect of ther on the matter. But matter
unknown and unexplored realm. Tesla knew that the re-sultant alone was not the only variable which could eect new theric
technology from this realm would change the world in more phenomena. Geometries also shaped the phenomena.
ways than even he could yet realize. Highly segmented geometries fractioned electronic charge
New and more powerful expressions of this rethertc stream- from ther by resisting and blocking the electrons normally
ing action were produced in his nitrogen supplied magnetic constrained to move through the wire length. Blocked by the
disrupter. The abrupt high voltage discharge applied by his high resistant because of impulsive applications of cur-rent,
dynamo managed to first expand the electron-constricted ther ther was free to surge over the segments fluidically. Tesla now
streams beyond their normal cross-section. The nascent saw that the ability of ther to pass over segmented metallic
electrons were made to pass in a burst through a magnetic field, surfaces, such as his helical and spiral Transform-ers, was only
to which they powerfully responded. ther is neu-tral. Tesla a fortuitous attribute. It was accidental that he observed this
saw that electrical currents were actually streams of ther and phenomenon at all. But Tesla found numerous other attributes of
its surrounding twist of electrons. In this re-gards, the chief this energetic stream, attributes which man-ifested themselves
attribute of nitrogen in the magnetic disrupter seemed to be the only when ther interacted with certain materials and
absorption and removal of electrons from the stream. It was laboratory components. All important to these responses of
obvious that this system eectively and force-fully separated ther, among the symmetries of metals and in-sulators, was the
electrons from the neutral esther particles in-herent in the impulse duration applied in generating the stream. It was the
dynamo-supplied current Once the ther stream had been brevity of each impulse in the projected train which stimulated
cleared of its too constricting electronic envelope, it could flow each response. A:theric streams could be projected in extremely
freely. The current remaining in the disrupter was a purified parallel paths by solid sheets of pol-ished metal. Concave
theric stream. It was this stream which was visi-ble, flowing a mirrors focussed the streams. Cone shaped hoods focussed the
bright silver-white light between the electrodes. Thts stream streams. Placing gas filled spheres in copper cylinders produced
continued flowing through the thick copper strap. Bursts of potent and directed rays. Tesla investigated the various aspects
ther were thus applied to any object within the copper strap, of rays which his transmitters now projected with great interest.
an exposure which produced uncommon eects. Tesla sought His radiant system was like no other. This projective radiance
the elimination of copper from his transformers. Tesla designed bore all the characteristics of light, yet was invisible. Tesla
a hollow tubular glass Transformer which was to utilize a called these manifestations dark rays and dark light. He
special gas medium in place of the copper wire. Tesla believed found that they could be re-flected when both their impulse rate
that this design would produce the most pu-rified theric was a specific interval, and when appropriate metal surfaces
streams imaginable. The elimination of copper would prevent were intercepted. Tesla observed that shadowgraphs could be
any subsequent electronic manufacture capable of made by his beam pro-jectors when intercepted by photographic
contaminating his magnetically purified ther streams. It is in films. He acciden-tally discovered the eect while using light
fact probable that he did experiment with these designs. from his beam pro-
16

jectors to photograph himself and several friends. The devel- the degree to which such materials were internally arranged.
oped image was one which revealed far more than the When ther streams were compelled to flow through given
portrait itself. Tesla found that dark rays could pass metals, usually good electrical conductors such as silver and
through walls, producing images on fluorescent screens. The copper, the particulate impacts released new species. These
eects were not X-Rays, being reflected from thick metal often appeared as darting sparks of various colorations, con-
walls. With the Simple first such projectors, Nikola Tesla taminating the pure theric flow. ther particles were ex-
found it possible to wirelessly illuminate lamps at great tremely mobile, virtually massless when compared with
distances, push objects, charge objects, and bum holes elec-trons, and could therefore pass through matter with very
through objects. In short, any amount of power could be little eort. Electrons could not keep up with either the
delivered along the bearnray chan-nels. veloc-ity or the permeability of theric particles. According
In this we glimpse subatomic particle streams not com- to this view, ther particles were infinitesimals, very much
pletely electronic in nature. The abrupt disruption of current smaller than electrons themselves.
stimulates an energetic release, the result of violence done to The theric carriers contained momentum. Their extreme
matter. Tesla found it possible to focus and beam these rays, velocity matched their nearly massless nature, the product of
eects which many have sought to reproduce. But despite the both becoming a sizable quantity. They moved with superlu-
repeated failure of academes and well-intentioned experi- minal velocity, a result of their incompressible and massless
menters to reproduce these eects, one individual dominates nature. Whenever a directed radiant matter impulse begtns from
the scene. In these most important demonstrations, vindica-tions some point in space, an incompressible movement oc-curs
of Teslian Technology, it must be mentioned that Eric Dollard instantly through space to all points along that path. Such
successfully reproduced several of these eects and made the movement occurs as a solid ray, an action defying modern
results available in a series of videocassettes. In these, Mr. considerations of Signal retardations in space. Incompress-ible
Dollard demonstrates the charging of capacitors by the radiant raylines can move through any distance instantly. Should the
emission of impulse-supplied vacuum lamps. This charging path be 300,001 kilometers long, the impulse at the source end
action occurred across a small space between the side of these will each that point as quickly as at all other points. This is
lamps and the blunt face of a high voltage ca-pacitor. This superluminal velocity. Radiant matter behaved incompress-ibly.
anomalous feat was also followed by a remark-able In eect, this stream of radiant matter, virtually mass-less and
demonstration of massrepulsion, and another of mass-attraction. hydrodynamically incompressible, was a pure en-ergy! Radiant
In addition, while using gaseous projector tubes as Tesla Energy. In addition to this inherent momentum, ther streams
prescribes, Mr. Dollard demonstrated the transmission of would actually interact with matter only with the proper
pulsating ther across the laboratory, with the subsequent conductive materials were stressed with the proper impulse
absorption and conversion of the same into a measurable cur- intervals. This understanding provided an essential clue to the
rent. real nature of matter and energy, a foundation which was
Tesla discussed the possibility of beaming energy directly empirically pioneered by Tesla and theoretically developed by
into the night sky, causing the very air to fluoresce. In such Dr. Gustav Le Bon. The interchange of energy into matter and
discussions, he suggested that night illumination of the sky matter into energy presupposed a fundamental matenum.
could be used by ocean going vessels as a feature of safety. Victorians considered the theric gases to be this materium.
In connection with these topics, he stimulated much exciting One could theoretically pass a concentrated ther stream
thought on the notion that energy could be obtained from the through any material and produce new elements and energetic
sky, once a world system of beamray transmitters was es- emanations. These transitions occurred as a contin-uum which
tablished. No doubt, those whose fortunes relied on fuel and lacked any fixed stations of mass or of energy. For Victorians,
powerlines did not appreciate these candid tafks. It was well the progressive passage from matter into en-ergy or from energy
appreciated that Tesla could achieve the seemingly to matter did not occur in fixed quanta. Tesla had the first
impossible things of which he so openly spoke. experimental evidence that this was indeed possible. His
statements concerning material generation and transmutation
were perceived as ravings.
X. RADIANT ENERGY Opinions be damned. Superior technology aords a very few
researchers with access to deeper than conventional real-ities.
All of these empirical discoveries brought Tesla into the Nature reveals levels which form the infrastructure to things
fascinating examination of ther stream behavior in matter in observable through available scientific means. Deeper
1891. ther behaved in strange ways when forced to tunnel infrastructures require a succession of superior technologies, the
through metals, gases, stone, glasses, jewels. In its fundamen-tal gantries of Nature being thus reveled to equipped human
principles, Teslian Technology involves impact and force explorers. Regardless of opinion, Tesla found all to numerous
exchange. In methodic succession, Tesla found which met-als facts which later contradicted the emerging science of quan-tum
and organic substances theric streams penetrate without physics, Despite its promoted openness to skeptical anal-ysis,
resistance. He also determined which materials oered con- academic science has always demonstrated its unfortu-nate
siderable resistance to the streams, a valuable piece of infor- tendency to universalize every theory which oers some
mation. The fact that ther streams could be substantially explanation for a part of natural phenomena. In thts we per-
deformed in passing through certain such materials indicated ceive an essential and knowledge-devastating flaw. Enlarging
17

the microscopic issues to encompass the whole is worse than ogy. Without the disruptive, unidirectional IMPULSE, there
a tragic myopic lapse. In the bold face of plenliferous natural are no Radiant Energy eects. Generating this Radiant En-
contradictions, it is laughable evidence of stubborn pride at ergy requires special energetic applications, applications of
academic levels supposedly incapable of exercising such succinct and brief impulses. These impulses must be gener-
base human sentiments. All too flawed and all too human. ated through the explosive agency of a disruptive discharge
Be sure of this, Nature cannot be codified in the simplistic just as Tesla prescribed.
dynam-ics of moving matter and energetic exchanges. The problem Tesla faced in obtaining purified Radiant En-
Nature is far more integrated and articulate, endowed with ergy currents was found to be the very conductive media which
potentials not now thought scientific. he was forced to use as conductors. Materials appro-priate to the
Indeed in the theric continuum, there are none of the release of contaminant-free emanations could no longer be the
graphic details concerning quanta. There are no structured familiar copper or even silver. Conductors now were necessartly
levels, no quanta, in which theric energy is constrained. the very light metals. For this purpose, Tesla relied on metals
Quantum physics applies to a very specific realm of ener-getic such as magnesium, aluminum, and even beryllium. With these
transactions, one whose properties are entirely bound up in metals as conductors, electrodes, tar-gets, and windows, Tesla
considerations of inertia. The physics of the theric continuum produced a series of long vacuum tubes. Made specifically for
knows no such limitations, details, or rigorous fix-tures. beaming theric streams, each of these bearnray tubes
Incompressible, infinitesimal in cross sections, ther gases employed a single concave electrode in one end. In many cases
permeate matter. Tesla stated that all kinetic energy was there was a thin metallic window, usually aluminum or
ultimately traceable directly back to the theric atmosphere. beryllium, at the opposite end. The large and heavy-walled glass
theric movements provoke the inertia in Nature. In ex- tube was encased in a lead shield to protect the operator from
ploring the ultra-gaseous theric medium, Tesla produced a inadvertent dangerous emissions. When activated by the
method for bombarding various materials wtth intensely con- disrupter, an intensely focussed theric stream was projected
centrated theric streams. This first began with his search for a from the free end. This beam took the form of a tight thready
superior theric lamp, one which required only an thertc ray. Tesla had initial diculty insu-lating the applications end
supply to produce an intense brilliance. of this bearnray tube. Preventing the wild arcing of supply line
Supported on a single lead wire, these bulbs produced then- energy was problematic, pre-mature ther discharges often
unheard eects. Tesla placed jewels, light metals, heavy met- darting around the tube rather than flowing through it This
als, non-metals, and radioactive materials in these globes. He problem was solved by enclosing the tube with a second glass
immersed these materials in various gaseous atmospheres. He jacket, and pumping mineral otl through the outer sleeve.
finally tried hard vacuum. ther streams exploded through the
various crystalline laltices placed atop the Single elec-trode. The pressure within these bulbs became anomalous and high.
Each unidirectional impulse passed directly through the Despite the hard vacuum which Tesla had first provided, these
material and out into surrounding space. Electrode malier was bulbs often exploded. In certain modern reproductions of these
Simply evaporated, converted to ther and other parti-cles. The experiments, conducted by the renown Eric Dollard, vacuum
hardest, most refractory materials Simply vanished away after bulbs so activated actually ruptured in tiny holes, and yet
several seconds of this treatment. Tesla said that impulses acted continued to produce their vacuum e1ischarges!Mr. Dollard
as tiny hammers, passing from within the substance itself out and the witnesses of these experiments reported hear-ing a
to space. Here was proof that ther was converting mailer into hissing issuance which emerged from the glass rupture holes.
pure energy. Tesla noted that the radi-ant expulsions actually Once the activating energy was removed, the globes simply
passed through the globes. In many cases they left only a faint imploded. Here is evidence of a radiant material emis-sion,
metallic stain. Soon, continued exposure to the ther streams whose powerful streams exert great pressure.
drove even these stains away.
Radiant Energy was not thermionic emission, as others have
tried to rationalize the phenomenon. Thermionic elec-trons do XI. BEAMRAYS
not pass through glass envelopes of the thickness Tesla
employed. Here was a distinct phenomenon, one which did not Tesla found that these globe-expelled streams manifested
in fact manifest with other than impulse applications. Tesla strange eects beyond the glass containers. He was able to
alternately called these pure eethenc expulsions radi-ant charge capacitors to dangerous charge levels at great distances
mailer and radiant energy. Neutral in charge and in- by focussing the light from these globes. Their light was elec-
finitesimal in both mass and cross-section, Radiant Energy was trified! In bombardments, ther e1idmore than eject quanta. In
unlike any light seen since his work was concluded. If asked this special light, Tesla saw that ther streams were manu-
whether Radiant Energy can be compared with any ex-isting facturing electrons and other detritus. This provoked his study
physical item today, one would have to decline. We cannot draw of quanta, particles which he considered tightly constricted
parallels between Radiant Energy and the light energies with streams of ther, Deformed by material passage into ultra-
which science has long been preoccupied. But if light-like at all, microscopic foci, Tesla believed that particles could be un-
Radiant Energy is possessed of qualities un-like any light which done by appropriate means. This would release the retheric
we have learned to generate. And this is precisely the problem. contents, an insignificant amount of energy per particle. The
Tesla Technology is Impulse Technol- stability of particulate matter depended only upon the fixed
18

movements of ther particles in their constricted raclii. Par- a decade ago by Eric Dollard. The flimmering streams are
ticulate charges, charge carriers themselves, demonstrated a like no other electrical discharge ever produced by familiar
remarkable consistency in either projecting or absorbing means. When properly adjusted, these discharges closely ap-
ther streams. In tltis phenomenon, Tesla perceived an proximate the true appearance of the aurora borealis. Their
ultimate ther energy source. In his later years, he would colorations change unpredictably from second to second, a
seek means to release a purified theric energy. phenomenon not observed with ordinary electrical
Tesla experimented with ruby, zirconia, diamond, sapphire, discharges. But at special impulse rates, these white
carborundum, each producing a brilliant light until disintegra- discharges disap-pear, and a dark light emanation is
tion. He Simply could not find a refractory material which powerfully produced: a very special radiation. It is neutral,
could withstand the passage of tltis raeliant flux without va- penetrating, and not of a species identified with Ultraviolet,
porizing. The lamps which Tesla finally succeeded in develop- X-Ray, or Gamma Ray, or neutron streams.
ing, carbon button vacuum globes, e1idnot require an amper- By 1893, Tesla had designed and operated signalling sys-
age. These lamps gave o intensely brilliant light approach- tems which used such globes to flash telegraphic signals across
ing the intensity and quality of true sun- shine. The reason for space without apparent loss to their receivers. These eethenc
his reliance on carbon was truly intriguing. Used in latter stages Signalling systems required no amplifiers, being pow-erful and
of his Transformers, metals could become deadly pro-ducers of static-free. From his South Fifth Avenue Laboratory, Tesla had
electron dartlets, theric bombardments manufac-tured already been sending loud ther ray signals up and down the
electrons in copper terminals. These contaminated the otherwise Hudson River for years with little more than small ball
smooth and harmless ther streams. Tesla sought a material antennas. He was the first to develop radio circuits and
whose response to ther bombardment would not result in the components. Tesla discovered that substances such as sele-nium
introduction of electrons or any other free ionic charge. behaved as soft receptors of eethenc energies. Poised in solid
copper cones, uncharacteristic of even shortwave radio
Carbon performed well in permitting a smooth and un- Signalling systems, Tesla demonstrated both broadcast and
hindered flow of ther, one which remained essentially un- directed beam signalling apparatus. Boxed in beautiful ma-
changed. In fact, it was with his carbon button lamps that hogany with brass trims, his thertc Signalling system was
Tesla made some of the greatest strides in ther technology compact and powerful. Tesla found that very low powered ra-
(see figure). diant lamp transmitters had eect on the therlc atmosphere of
the earth. Modulating this dynamic ther envelope ef-fected
very long range communications in excess of the nor-mal line-
of-sight limitations. These developments came sev-eral years
before Marconi ever appeared on the scene with his concoction
of plagiarized equipment. The Tesla Radio System used potent
theric streams, not weak waves. Tesla illustrated this fact in
later years, when Marconi wave radio began evi-dencing all of
its ineciencies and failed potentials.
Tesla Radio did not operate in the electrical wave contin-
uum, nor was it reliant on waves. Tesla Radio operated in the
theric atmosphere, and utilized dark light rays of real
force. A:theric rays, thin thready theric streams, exceeded
the power and penetrability of waves by an incalculable de-
gree. Tesla Radio receiving circuitry used the power in the
transmitted radiance to power the little compact receiving
sta-tions, an unlikely possibility with weak wave radio. Tesla
soon adopted these systems for telephonic modes of opera-
tion. An onboard battery was provided for the transmit
circuit of his portable radios. These power requirements
were indeed minimal, a marvel for those who very later on
Forms and phases of the rotating brush. were compelled by court action to examine the contents
ofTesla Radios. Power was provided by a mere dry cell or at
most, a very small stor-age battery.
The streams proceeding from within these lamps could be so
adjusted, by means of an adjusted rapidity in the impulse rate,
When examined closely by court ocers years later, his
so as to appear rainbow colored, flame-like, brush-like, or
patents in these regards often raised dubious expressions in
intensely white. These descriptions are not to be taken as the
the faces of his unenlightened critics. In both size and ef-
common varieties of brush or flame discharges. Indeed,
fectiveness, their transmissions were exceedingly powerful,
ordinary electrical flame discharges require DC or low fre- an anomalous condition by all existing standards of the day.
quency alternations. True Tesla flame-like discharges require Those who knew nothing of the power inherent in theric
highest impulse rates. Experiments have successfully dupli- streams could not conceive of a passive receiving system
cated these eects, the result of work accomplished nearly which claimed to exchange telephonic signals without exces-
19

sive componentry, or an active transmitting circuit which used ergy streams from central stations could thus be distributed
such little power to reach the claimed great distances. But his everywhere without substantial loss (see figure).
curiosity did not stop with this success. Later vacuum tubes
were tremendously modified and arranged so that ther streams
would impinge upon special targets. Some of these tubes poised
the targets entirely within the tube. Others placed the materials
at one end of the tubes, windows through which streamed ther
and detrital components.
Researcher and author Jorge Resines has obtained informa-
tion on the various remarkable tubes which Tesla produced
throughout these years, an astounding collection. In a recent
publication, Mr. Resines produced drawings of these, a re-
markable assortment resembling modern military radiopower
tubes. Teslamade extensive use of uranium, thorium, and ra-
dium as targets. It is probable that Tesla began his research in
compact ther power generators when these latter varieties
were employed. Tesla found that the heavier metals produced an
amazing variety of contaminating particulate emissions. It was
the resistance of elements and other materials which pro-duced
so many well known, and other new energetic species when
bombarded by eethenc streams. Academes who limited
themselves to catalogues of fixed photon and particle species
were not observing the most fundamental dynamics, content-ing
themselves only with the by-products produced in resis-tive
interactions with thertc streams. If the electron-rich emissions
from his original copper sphere terminals were life-hazardous
discharges, the emissions from these tubes were far more
dangerous.
Tesla discovered the varieties of energetic species emerging
from the target windows long before Roentgen announced the The theric beams had other, more deliberate applications,
discovery of X-rays. Tesla had already catalogued the exis-tence which startled Tesla and all those who witnessed his many ex-
of these and other ther-contarntnattng emissions. His periments. These beams could be focussed to a tiny pinpoint
conception of radioactivity included the notion that space im- and directed into metals. The streams simply sprayed over the
pinging ther streams were bombarding matter of appropri-ate surfaces. But when the impulse durations were carefully
atomic cross-section. Those densely packed lattices, capa-ble of adjusted, the spray became a needle which easily pierced the
intercepting and diracting incoming ther, manifested a plate. In this permeating stream of force, metal plates Simply
continual outward expulsion of particles and energetic emis- melted. In some cases they exploded. Tesla found it possi-ble to
sions. It was from experimental examples such as these that bum diamond with such pinpoints of force. Indeed by such
Tesla drew analogues, explaining natural radioactivity. Be-sides results, his concept of force had been completely rev-
citing the large nuclear cross-section of heavy atoms and their olutionized. What he had both observed and learned in these
usual radioactivity, Tesla also believed that special atomic issues were cunningly preserved by him in numerous press
symmetries could diract or deflect incoming ther streams interviews. His pre-planned statements had as their intention a
suciently enough to produce radioactive emissions in lighter provocation of the deepest kind. Toward whom were these
metals. The projected ther streams could be di-rected through principally aimed? Toward all those who, while not interested or
very long distances without the slightest sign of divergence. excited enough about his findings to learn more, yet main-
They were intensely powerful. Indeed these rays seemed to self- tained their distant and aloof luxury of criticism and slander.
constrict, a nature unknown in the electromag-netic spectrum. Only one person maintained the closest and almost fatherly
Soon Tesla began examining the possibility of beaming esther bond with him throughout these years. That person was Sir
streams between special towers, a power-line analogue which William Crookes, Teslas hero and mentor. Their continuous and
substituted ther beams for powerlines. In this manner, power sincere correspondence remained one of the only sources of
would not be wasted away in all direc-tions as he had Originally human solace upon which Tesla could both seek and rely.
planned to do. Now, a much im-proved system would permit the While experimenting with his vacuum globes, Tesla ob-
conservation and concentra-tion of ther energy along tight served the linearity of the expelled streams. When projected
thready beams. Power could be distributed to neighborhoods from small spherical electrodes, these eethenc rays travelled
from such central tower re-ceivers along horizontal radii to in sharp radii from the center. So infinitesimal were the car-
consumers. The entire dis-tribution system resembled a riers of this theric stream that they were able to reveal the
neurological network. Beamed from tower to tower throughout inner atomic lattice of crystalline matter. Small crystals of
the countryside, thernic en- metal or gemstones produced characteristic point patterns on
20

the surface of the globes. It was apparent that ther particles,


the neutral sub-electronic particles that Tesla termed Radi-ant
Energy, actually passed through the material which were
poised on the electrodes from the inside out. That is, they
passed through the atomic lattices of those materials and, in so
doing, carried information in the stream. What sort of infor-
mation? Nuclei diracted these infinitesimals on their rapid
journeys up through the electrode nuclei. In doing so, their
otherwise uniform density was deformed. That the particles of
this Radiant Energy could pass through the atomic lattices at all
gave proof that these were neutral particles. For Tesla, thy were
the result of extreme bombardments, where matter is absolutely
sheared beyond its subatomic conditions. Tesla, along with Dr.
Le Bon, adhered to the notion that a smooth transition existed
between energy and matter. A whole spec-trum of
materializations could therefore exist when appropri-ate
bombarding matter was secured. Tesla believed he had found
the most powerful agency for such bombardments, an agency
released only through the explosive successions of his
Transformer.

XII. TELEVISION

Because these streams could carry such detailed infor-


mation, Tesla began to imagine a means for transmitting
visual information, The additional characteristic by which
ther streams maiolained their strict rectilinear paths in tran- could be superimposed without mutual interference. A Sim-ple
sit, stimulated Tesla to hypothesize that broad ther streams tuning mechanism in the receiver would select the images
could carry pictorial imagery. Projected from broad plates, desired. Tesla related that such superimposition could accom-
and forming densely parallel streams, such a system could modate thousands of simultaneous signals, thousands of chan-
carry images to any distance. Potent and penetrating, eethenc nels. Whole image transmission of extreme defmition, with-out
rays provided a new kind of light for an equally new kind of a scanning mechanism, was made possible by the theric
communications system. Tesla stated that whole images stream. It would be years later, in 1917, that Tesla described a
could be projected through such invisible radiant matter modification of this system of whole image television. In a
rays. Such a visual exchange system would be as Simple as a subsequent interview, Tesla described a system by which dis-
slide projector, though obviously more potent. In this, Tesla tant objects could be whole-imaged. His design incorporated all
early conceived of a television system which, yet today, of the components planned for his commercial television
remains revolutionary. system. His modified system was a remote-locating device.
Striking in its analogue to the magick lanterns of the Vic- Again lacking the complexity of scanning systems and other
torian Epoch, Tesla produced a design lacking the complex heavy support components, any ship equipped with his fluo-
scanning mechanisms which plagued all later picture trans- rescent screens could image a distant ship or submarine by
mission systems. Invisibly travelling through walls, theric projecting a ray beam through air, fog, rain, or even water. The
streams could be captured and resolved by using special sen- rays were unstoppable, being reflected whenever they in-
sitive plates, on which live images could be focussed. Im-age tercepted a metalJic hood or hull.
loaded theric streams would be projected from cen-tral Teslas shipbome bearnray projector would pulse theric
broadcast stations at impulse rates which would Simply pass streams, of very specific intervals, out across a horizontal plane.
through all material obstacles. Invisible in their transit through Tesla stated that this electric ray, when encounter-ing any
intervening spaces, such whole image transmission-scould be obstacle, would be reflected back to the source point. Here, the
received and translated back into visibility through the otherwise invisible beam would be visually resolved by the
imposition of special phosphor-coated plates. Images would same special phosphor-coated plates as planned for the
travel through space as a whole block. These images could be commercial television system. In this announcement, Tesla
beamed directly from source to receiver. Signals would be leaked a secret concerning the essential nature of his ther
strong, requiring no amplification or additional en-ergy supply. beamrays. Apparently, through the application of very spe-cific
Signals would be noise free, the dense theric continuum being impulses at the source, ther streams could actually be reflected
completely dierent that the harsh electro-magnetic continuum. from matter. The Tesla range-locator, a system de-signed to spot
Dark light projection through walls! submarines or battleships alike, was simple, potent, failproof,
Tesla described a means by which several such Signals and eective. Here again, Tesla made use of
21

the extreme defmition provided through the beamed projec- stimulation in the theric atmosphere continues to flow in
tion of ultrainfinitesimal Radiant Energy. Here again was place for hours at a time. Along with the gravitic waves with
evidence that neutral Radiant Energy could be made to inter- which he is principally concerned, Mr. Hodowanec employs
act with matter Simply by varying the pulsed projection capacitors to detect theric impulses in space. Most remark-
inter-val. The military was not interested at the time. ably, he has extended the science of rether into an
exploration of gravitation.
Quite obviously, Tesla Transformers were able to stim-
XIII. THER DRIFT ulate strong flow lines in the theric atmosphere, These
surged through his special vacuum tubes along any direction
Once initiated and maintained, the space flowing currents in which they were aimed, He found himself, like his men-
from a beamray tube could not be extinguished. Dicult at tor Sir William Crookes, searching through laboratory space
first to believe, but the ther currents from such devices for a for evidence of atmospheric ther drifts, Sir William had
time continued. Tesla found it possible to produce long lasting pre-dicted that ectoplasmic disturbances in the theric
currents which persisted throughout his laboratory and contin-uum might be detected with special high vacuum
demonstration spaces. tJ1 he needed to do was tum on a beam- discharge globes of his own early design, Used as a scrytng
ray tube to stimulate the space flow. Tesla found that the re- telescope for peering into the spectral world, he had hoped
moval of ther currents from a space in which they had been that it would reveal a new dimension, Toward this and other
directed, was not easy. No, ther currents were not easily ex- ends, Dr, Crookes continually made tests with his large
globular dis-charge devices, carefully unpacking them from
tingutshed. Radiant Energy did not behave as all other famil-iar
their special velvet-lines boxes in old English estates, There
energy forms. Here were artificial rether drifts, a topic which
in large dark-ened rooms, while peering into the mirrored
represented a deep mystery. Momentum. The momen-tum of
concave elec-trodes covered over in white fltmmertng
ther currents was sucient to maintain their continu-ous
radiance, the whimsi-cal bespectacled man with the
passage through any space for a time. An initiatory period was
twinkling smile eagerly sought ghosts,
required to establish the current lEther responded to pres-sure
changes. Any strong currents in the ther would gather other Another detail which Tesla discovered dealt with the
energy from the surrounding theric aimosphere. Once started, pliant nature of the ther. When appropriately stimulated by
these would continue for an hour or more. his methods, ther could be made to execute strange
Tesla demonstrated this principle of action. Lamps re-mained convolutions. JEther was incredibly responsive to pressure
brightly lit long after power had been withdrawn. When merely changes anywhere along its path, The slightest eective exer-
placed in the paths where tether currents had been directed, tion on such a stream produced an instantaneous correspond-ing
lamps could be reignited. This condition per-sisted for several movement throughout the whole flow, JEtheric streams behaved
minutes, evidence that ther currents kept flowing long after in a sti way, much like high pressure jets of wa-ter fired
the beamray tube was extinguished. Tesla very casually through pinholes, They were not always visible in transit,
mentioned this fact when describing a process by which he producing a white streaming light only near the point of their
could obtain energy for hours after his impulse transmitters departure from his special high vacuum tubes, These beams
were disconnected. Tesla described this ionized condition in were not composed of electrons, X-Rays, or Gamma Rays.
the ambient medium. He also described the na-ture of strange Once released and directed theric beams did not di-verge or
discharges obtained from organic materials. Clothes, hair, and bend unless striking into appropriate materials, Tesla forever
wooden objects produced soft white, gos-samer sparks for an maintained that natural radioactivity was the weak by-product
equivalent hour or more. These were long, very clingy, and of a powerful, but unmeasurable dielectric flux whose source
thready. Strange gossamer! Such discharges do not sound was space ther. Focussing into dense nuclei, ther was
familiar. They are certainly not electrical phe-nomena, being the diverted and blocked. This concentrated bombardment produced
very obvious result of an intense bombard-ment in a far deeper particulate and photonic emanations through spal-lation,
natural realm of energy, From any electri-cal vantage alone, all divergent energetic impacts between particles. But us-ing
of these phenomena sounded absolutely ridiculous and dielectric energy would be using the very source of these
overdone, the poetic fabrications of a mad-man, In addition, radioactive manifestations. It was curious that ther, being the
Tesla found that space-traversing currents gained extra power far greater power source, was so very soft in its natural state.
from the surrounding theric supply. This extra supply was One could stand exposed to an ther stream and never become
pulled into the current channel, guided only by its own ill. Tesla found to his delight that ther streams of specific
momentum, This was why ther power did not di-minish as impulse were beneficial, and exposed himself to their streams
other energetic manifestations, ther, possessed of momentum, daily for periods of an hour or more as desired. Tesla inferred
did not suer from frictional losses either. ther beams that ther particles passed through the body as if it were
remained rigidly fixed in their position, flowing on and on until transparent. The only time they interacted was when the
the gradual diminution process finally brings them to a halt. An pulsations were such that physiology began to pulsate in
experimenter, Mr. Gregory Hodowanec, has con-ducted rhythmic successions with the incoming ther pulses. In his use
experiments in this fascinating field. He has success-fully of theric streams, Tesla found a remarkable resultant el-
corroborated these claims of Tesla, showing in a most re- evation in both sensation and consciousness. Ideas seemed to
markable and Simple manner that any impulse, movement, or emerge and visions clarify during these exposures. Interac-
22

tions of bio-organic matter with ther pulsations became the


source of vitalizing influences. lEther was neutral, and did
not ionize matter unless focussed and delivered as a short
duration impulse train.
Tesla learned that he could actually impress an theric
stream with changes from the reception site, a true anomaly.
ther was so responsive to manipulations from the received
end of a stream that cascade reactions would quickly spread
along the stream back to its source. Thus, a receiver could
literally force the ther source to feed it wherever it moved!
This was the result of pressure laws, superluminal speeds, and
theric density. Any rarefaction in the ther flow would in-
stantly tug ther into the lower pressure volume. lEther re-
sponses occurred with superlurninal velocity, conditions be-ing
established and strengthened after a small such manipu-lation of
the flow. Tesla saw that he could literally shape the ther
flow within certain degrees of freedom. Most en-gineers Simply
failed to comprehend how anyone could exert a powerful such
eect on a gaseous atmosphere which was supposedly
inaccessible! Additionally, bearns of ther ac-quired extra
power in transit across any long space, an essen-tial anomaly.
This is why bearnrays of Radiant Energy never weakened after
being projected for long distances. This was an unheard
condition, where otherwise lost energy main-tains and gathers
strength after being expended across space. Obviously, Radiant
Energy was finding a mysterious ener-getic supply while in
transit. None of the expectable energy laws of natural
diminution applied to Radiant Energy. This was because the and ocean vessels drawing power from the one of the World
ther was everpresent, a ready and undimin-ished supply of Broadcast Stations, the bright beam tracking each target
energy. ther was a gaseous radiance, often invisible to the eye, and supplying it with motive power. In this, it was evident
but a powerful pressure source. Along with several colleagues that ther streams were ruled by pressure principles, and re-
of the day, Tesla firmly ascribed to the theric theory of sponded to pressure changes instantaneously. But pressures
gravitation. Gravitation was evidence that a groundward theric in what atmosphere?
pressure was at work, permeating mass and producing fixed Additionally, while it was possible for Tesla to direct such
relationships of attraction with respect to the earth proper. The beams of ther in any direction, these were not the most
apparent constant acceleration of dif-ferent falling masses was pow-erful manifestations of ther flow in the environment.
accordingly calculated as a function of density and cross- Tesla had indeed found certain very defined natural theric
section. Theoretically, the concept re-mains a curiously flawless drifts, angles along which ther streams seemed to last
explanation of gravitation. Perhaps the recent scientific world much, much longer than usual. It was as if some additional
too much resembles the world of pop art and music, where power had been added to the beamrays which he launched.
fickle fads and novelties are more important than expressions of He observed the times required for these arliflcial ther
excellence. currents to gradu-ally fade out. Though initially strong when
It seemed confirmed that ther, Radiant Energy, was indeed launched, their eects did fade eventually. Regardless of
possessed of strange responses to external action. It actually their remarkable continuance, a persistence due to thertc
interacted with receivers of its penetrating force. If allowed to pllancy and mo-mentum, ther currents anywhere directed
strike distant targets for example, a strange transformation in did not continue forever. They evidenced a diminution, and
the otherwise straight path lines could take place. Beams would this suggested an interfering source. Where was it?
become tightly constricted at the target, self-focussing Tesla now perceived a much larger vista. He comprehended
themselves into the material. But subsequent movements in the successful operation of his first Transformers in the ab-sence
targeted matter would cause deflections and undulations in the of formal ground connections. In these modes, Im-pulse
otherwise straight beam. The influence of the recipient, of the Transformers were shunting space sourced ther from aerial
target, could very often work its way back to the source and routes through aerial routes. These modes exchanged ther
force a deflection! lEther beams were thus extremely sensi-tive, streams largely in a horizontal plane. This now was not viewed
and could track a target (see figure). by Tesla as the most powerful embodiment of the system.
Despite every twist or turn, once an ther beam had con- Complete eciency, maximum power, was ob-tained only in
stricted into a material target, there was no escaping it These connection with the ground. This arrangement placed the
dynamics were later viewed in a series of celebrated illustra- apparatus in conformance with natural processes, vast systems
tions which Tesla directed and approved. One sees flying craft whose dominating activities demanded techno-
23

logical conformity. Tesla had discovered a system which had to same pressure eects as observed in his ther-pulsed
be geophysical in order to be ecient, a revolutionary con-cept vacuum lamps. One often sensed that some energetic
for the day. This notion hailed back to archane knowledge component was actually completely penetrating the skin. On
which placed technology in subservience to natural process. the skin surface, academes measured infrared and
Unlike the mechanistic science which began with the Eigh- ultraviolet, the manufac-tured products of ther streams
teenth Century, and which challenged Natural Order with a passing through bio-organic matter.
supposed autonomous technology, Tesla had stumbled onto a When Tesla began publishing his thoughts on theric par-
great and forgotten truth. Here was a technology which could ticles from space, what he first termed cosmic rays, the
tap a virtually eternal natural process. aca-demic derision was unbridled and caustic. One of the
Many other theric drifts were measured. Shifting and chief voices in this assault on Tesla was one young Robert
wandering, these could be measured with changes in seasons Mil-likan, who had apparently learned that art of creative
and weather patterns. Tesla perceived that whorls, eddies, skepti-cal mockery to gain favor from his mentors. In later
and laminar flow lines revealed a dynamic ther, This was a years when academic doldrwns required some new creative
theme not widely discussed since Descartes drew his con- turn. Dr. Millikan now claimed credit for having discovered
ceptual maps of theric whirlpools in space. Here then was cos-mic rays. Had he bothered to read the articles which
not a Simple and homogeneous continuum, as Victorian Tesla had written, and against which he had so very much to
Science believed, whose streams smoothly and eortlessly say, Millikan would not have been satisfied with his own so-
flowed through the terrestrial environment. Tesla discovered called discoveries. Tesla stated that true cosmic rays were
the detail which these theories lacked, through the empirical like Radi-ant Energy, not at all the heavy ions, and gamma
method which so often corrects and finalizes our knowledge. rays which Millikan was detecting. In speaking of the
In this quest, he was indebted to his senses, an absolute rel- prodigious quanti-ties of rether forcibly expelled by the sun
lance on the Qualitative Method which armed the greater and stars, academes of his day thought him quite mad.
sensitivity of human perceptions. Tesla placed first empha- Nevertheless, Tesla continued to teach that these radtant
sis always on the inestimable value of perception and the hu- particles were undetectable by normal means. Those like
manly valuable knowledge which it so often brought. Millikan, who succeeded in detecting charged particles from
space, and not identified these primary radiant particles. Tesla
stated that the so-called cosmic rays of the conventionallex-
XIV. SPACE THER icon were tertiary and even quaternary residues, the splattered
by-products of collisions stimulated by Radiant Energy. He
He again recalled the light from his vacuum bulbs and their claimed the means by which he had successfully detected these
strong resemblance to natural sunlight. The mere light from before the turn of the Century. More than this, Testa was now
these lamps was filled with a component which produced strong about to harness the eternal wheelworks of Nature, The
pressure eects and additionally, could charge capac-itors. So theric volumes which came to the earth from the space was an
complete were the electrostatic states of capacitors charged in incalculable volume, a power source of eternal con-sequence. It
this manner that mica dielectrics often ruptured un-der the arrived to earth under extreme pressure, a value which Tesla
strain. Tesla knew that retheric particles, his Radiant Energy, calculated in the range of several hundred mil-lion volts.
were being expelled from his Single terminal lamps. This Tesla stated that the theric atmosphere, though often a dark
produced the pressures felt on the face when exposed to the light, floods the earth at all times with its great power. Tesla
brilliant light. Entering the metallic layers of the capacitor, these stated that both the geointernal radioactive ele-ments and the
ther particles were manufacturing electrons. This what native heat of the earth was a direct result of theric
brought about the electrostatic strain capable of rupturing the bombardment from space. Although the sun was a dominant
dielectrics. There was no electricity in the ther stream per se, source of Radiant Energy, Tesla stated that it was not the only
the electricity appeared when resisted by appropriate el-ements. supplier of theric particles. lEther was expelled from all points
Metals, the good electroconductors, were obviously some of in interstellar space, a constant supply of nat-ural Radiant
these elements. Energy. Such energy was released by stellar pro-cesses. Since
But sunshine had these attributes as well. Sunlight con-tained the sun was a local ther source, it figured in the total ther
an theric component, previously described by re-searchers supply. The normal space influx was therefore augmented
such as Baron Karl von Reichenbach, Gustav Le Bon, and during the daytime by the additional solar supply. Bombarding
George S. White. Metals in sunlight evidenced absorptions in the earth from all directions, Radiant Energy en-tered the earth.
varieties of response to therlc penetrations. Dr. Le Bon spoke Once having passed through the crust, it was suciently
of his experiments with metals which had been exposed to slowed to lodge deep within the mantle. After passing through
focussed sunlight, experiments which pro-duced radio activities these miles of rock, the highly pressured and kinetically
far in excess of those produced by ra-dium itself. Indeed, there energetic esther transferred its prodigious energies to the deeper
had been those cases where roofing copper, after years of material of the earth itself.
exposure to intense sunlight and nat-ural process, became quite Sunlight. Starlight. Space. Radiant Energy. The connec-tions
radioactive (Lehr). Exposure to sunlight ther produced were too direct to be misleading, the concept too direct to be
bombardments capable of transmut-ing elements. Additionally, erroneous. Here was an inescapable probability await-ing
exposure to sunlight produced the application. Just as his ther stream projectors had power
24

to push matter and charge certain metals, so too did sunlight Tesla viewed the earth itself as a gigantic stone lens, focussing
have this inherent potential. Only a means for fully tapping all incoming ther particles. In this manner, geothermal heat
this enormous flow prevented humanity from harnessing the would be localized within a given subterranean horizon. Heat
true and most formidable energy in sunlight. Conceiving of would be continually released throughout the earth, being most
the sun, its ther flow, and the earth itself, Tesla recognized intense within its horizon. There were other geophys-ical
that a vast theric exchange system was here represented. consequences of this focussed bombardment. Indeed, the ther
This system was the self-generative natural source from flow from space was an overwhehning supply. Tesla often
which energy could Simply be absorbed and used. No fuel became ecstatic just to imagine or speak of it. JEther was
needed ever be consumed again. The notion that ther could entering the earth from space continuously! Tesla began making
be re-sisted by certain materials, was new to the theory of connections from this knowledge into those mysteries which
ther, Formerly, this theory ascribed unreal characteristics to presently occupied the scientific preoccupations of his day. This
ther, Tesla now had empirical facts against which to form a wonderful theric flow from space manifested it-self in a host
real-istic model. Specific matter could deflect theric of unexplained electrical phenomena with which science had
streams. Electrostatic fields as well demonstrated their long been baed. Many explanations rushed to-gether.
ability to dis-tort theric streams. Here were special facts,
having special technological implications. To be empowered
Now Tesla was able to understand that sunlight contained an
in the quest of developing theric technology was to be on
retheric component, one which drove itself in endless streams
the very thresh-old of achieving wonders. In several
from space into the ground. This was the process re-sponsible
experimental instances, researchers discovered the complete
annihilation of gravitic eects due to extreme positive for the generating the natural dielectric field of the earth,
electrostatic charge. George Piggot showed that it was responsible for the spontaneous charging of aerial ter-minals or
possible to suspend large beads of silver within a positive grounded capacitors, responsible for natural electric displays,
monopolar field. Dr. Francis Nipher also demonstrated the and so forth. The terrestrial electric field, problem-atic from
complete reversal of gravitational at-traction in a modified every explanatory perspective, could be explained by retheric
Cavendish balance. Here too it was found that strong principles alone.A technology which worked en-tirely in the
positive electrostatic charge, though com-pletely shielded in retheric realm would provide undreamed poten-tials for
Faraday cages, successfully repelled neu-tral matter. These humanity. In truth the retheric realm lay too close to the very
could only be the result of theric interac-tions. realms of sensation and consciousness for coinci-dence, a
parallel which Tesla had long pondered. Perhaps the formation
Tesla now understood why certain geological regions were of deserts was caused by excessive such bombard-ments. The
most energetic and conducive to the juncture of electri-cal subsequent loss of life and water vapor from such regions
communication systems. Old telegraphers and telephone evidenced the dangerous conelitions that could be pro-duced by
linesmen knew the dierence between good ground ad bad a technological system which used rether. He would necessarily
ground. This lesson was again being learned by those who had have to seek out places which were already deser-tified, a site
chosen the pursuit of wave radio. Only certain ground sites whose elevation was great. He began to plan his great
were acceptable as sites from which exceptionally strong experiment in order to determine the exact parameters needed to
Signals could be launched out into space. While Tesla dis- establish a truly commercial rether power system.
dained those who so pursued Marconi and his weak reproduc-
Tesla observed these pulsations and chose a range within
tions of Hertzian research, he also understood why the geo-
which to operate his rether engine. The incoming rether waves
logical sites worked in their ecient manner. Most practical
would supply a continual supply of enormous power. If his
engineers Simply equated these geological sites with better
impulse transmitter could be made to accommodate the exact
conductivity. This simplistic explanation was, very unfortu-
incoming pulsations which he had chosen, a valving action
nately, untrue. It was found that such good ground did not
would be established. The impulse transmitter could then ap-
always conform with geological features at all. Furthermore, it
propriate the incoming energetic pulsations, entering into the
was impossible to rely on geological patterns for the accu-rate
natural georetheric flow. Once this condition was established,
selection of radio station sites. Tesla perceived that space
one which Tesla referred to as impulse resonance, a host of
sourced ther streams were responsible for good ground I
possibilities would then present themselves. Tesla could ar-
focussing and flowing into the ground for reasons much deeper
range to rebroadcast these rether pulses at more rapid rates, to
than geology alone. Perhaps it was the theric flow which
be absorbed at higher rates by elistant ground connected ap-
caused the geology! Tesla inferred that locales in which ther
pliances. Tesla now apprehended the fact that incoming ther so
had been resisted caused such intense bombardment that
bombarded the ground that electronic charge was actually
radioactive minerals had there been generated. JEther streams
produced therein. These spontaneously manufactured elec-trons
were modified by existed geological structures, focussing or
elistributed themselves through slow conduction process
dispersing throughout each region. Perhaps also these were the
throughout the ground. Of course, there were geo-related in-
reasons why certain locations demonstrated distorted grav-
consistencies to this conductive process, electrons bunching in
itational and perceptual behaviors. This bombardment from
certain places and causing continual electrostatic phenomena
space was energetic enough to produce the observed natural
(Corliss) .Here then was the mysterious source of terrestrial
georadioactivity and geothermal heat. In this view, gravitation
dielectric fields. Apart from the daytime deformations caused by
itself was a direct result of eethenc bombardment from space.
the sun, the orientation of this dielectric field remained
25

constant day and night. While only mildly deformed during the Tesla greatly desired was the extraction of energy, free
day, the field was a remarkably resilient natural feature of the energy, from the natural ther flow.
environment, one whose very presence could not truly be
understood. From where elid this field originate? What was the
source of the excess electronic charge constantly emerg-ing XV. RADIANT PULSATIONS
from the ground, whose electrostatic field reached out into
space? Tesla had learned that retheric bombardments of certain
Several pieces of essential information had been working
matter ejected, and at times manufactured elec-trons. ther
their magick in Teslas mind for months. Since his outdoor
particles often condensed within atomic nuclei, the manufacture
experiments with his preliminary broadcast power system, Tesla
process being evidence by an excess of nega-tive charge in
pondered the mystery of ground connections and their strangely
laboratory bombardment experiments. The very light of his
increased eciency. How had the ground applied impulses
vacuum lamps was suciently charged with neu-tral Radiant
from the Transmitter somehow inexplicably accu-mulated
Energy to charge capacitors. If this served as an example of
power in traversing the ground toward the grounded appliances?
natural principles, then Radiant Energy from space was the real
He had found that a single elevated terminal greatly intensified
source of the terrestrial electronic charges. Bom-barding the
the energy magnification eect. Many confused this
atmosphere, and plowing into the upper crust on their way
arrangement with the ordinary aerial-ground components being
toward the mantle, the primary ultra-infmitesimal ther
developed at the time for wave radio ap-plications.
particles manufactured electrons. These drifted up to the surface
Misunderstanding the theric prime motivator of these
and distributed themselves more or less uniformly, a constantly
transmitters, most would have viewed the various mod-els of
manufactured supply of undiminished quantity. This was why
Tesla power systems in this conventional way. Indeed,
the dielectric field of the earth remained so clock-eonstant. Just
examining the patents reveals no especially unusual compo-
as the Radiant Energy from his vacuum lamps steadily charged
nents. The only attributes which dier in Tesla Patents are his
capacitors across a room, so also did the Radiant Energy from
descriptions, purposefully precise and perplexing in their
space steadily charge the earth. This powerful natural ther
assertions. In fact, the descriptions teach that ecient perfor-
flow, from space to ground, flooded the environment. The
mance occurs with terminals which are largely capacitive. Ac-
conversion of continually produces an excess population of
cording to wave radio principles, these systems should never
negative charge which has never found satisfactory explanation.
operate. Those who attempt to analyze Tesla impulse trans-
mitters from the wave radio perspective walk away either baf-
It was apparent that. while the sun was the most local fled or critical. One cannot rationalize Tesla Patent texts when
terrestrial esther source, a vast reservoir of densely concen- viewed in a conventional vein.
trated ther was indeed coming in from all other parts of space ther was more highly concentrated in the ground, but it
at all times undiminished. The sun did not dominate the theric flowed from space into that ground. Since the stream was
supply, it augmented the supply. This reception process was directed groundward, the only possible means for absorbing
endless, a constant stream of unsuspected energy which entered extra ther energy was to forcefully drive an ther current
the earth day and night. For Tesla this revealed a whole down! With the applied flow directed into the ground,
dynamic in which theric flow directed and guided all incom-ing ther from space would be given a resistance-free
processes electrical . ther was the superior, electricity the path to follow. The impulse transmitter would be acting as a
inferior. What ther did, electrical phenomena followed. This pump. The immense space reservoir would be drawn down
Single principle became for him a rule of unparalleled use. through the system. With the parameters very strictly
Tesla consistently stated that ther was being condensed into controlled, space ther would prefer the elevated terminal to
electrons at a specific rate, by which the terrestrial elec-tric field the natural ge-ology, a more resistant an inhomogeneous
was being manufactured. Physicists derided this no-tion, surface. Acceler-ated by this downward flow, ther streams
claiming that the excess electrons came from space al-ready would very quickly turn toward the impulse transmitter from
made. Science remains bound in numerous tautologies outlying volumes of space. The impulse transmitter would be
encompassing geomagnetism, solar wind, geo-thermoelectric a source of almost eternal energy. But there were a few more
process, and so on. Each of these hypotheses represent failed facts to learn and a few more problems to solve before a
attempts at maintaining the ionic balance. practical ther engine could be built and operated. Were
None of the bookkeeping techniques explains the excess of there additional character-istics in the natural flow which
negative charge however. Later theories tried to show that these would require special systems accommodations?
electrons arrived in a solar wind, the expelled debris from the Tesla used gas-dynamic and hydro-dynamic analogues in
solar thermonuclear reaction. But, all natural eects being developing apparatus toward this remarkable objective. In his
balanced, no such excess of negative charge should be outdoor tests, the ground connection had revealed something of
claimed for a solar wind hypothesis. The solar wind is a plasma, the process which he would now engage. Tesla had al-ready
a neutral population. Tesla realized that academic science had learned that his impulse transmitters could absorb ex-tra
been measuring the weak transition of ther into electrons, and energy when grounded. Appliances too, when grounded, would
calling the process a mystery. Not comprehend-ing the invisible produce uncharacteristic magnified performances. He should
cause of the eect they measured, academes could not discover have known! This was early evidence that a natural ther
the source of excess negative charge! What supply was already present between sky and ground. In
26

some inexplicable way, his impulse transmitters had entered the them were left to extort philanthropic donations. The hurt
ther absorption process of Nature. Through some sim-ple and the loss, nevertheless remained. He was purposed now to
pumping action, an additional energy flow had made its achieve what he had set out to do. Overturrting the financial
appearance in his power broadcast. This now made sense. The stronghold which he perceived taking root in the world,
creation of an ther pump would necessarily conform with would be brought down at all costs. Energy, fuel, financial
the prevailing natural ther flow, one which poured down from power, and regulation, these several principles would be
space to the earth. The relatively small applications of his reversed by the social response which his new technology
impulse transmitter was being given an enormous boost by would exact. The demand? Absolute freedom from the
the natural downpour! Discovering more details about the space tyranny of regula-tors.
ther was now more than intriguing. It was a technolog-ical Into these fields he continually strove, hts technology the
necessity. In the absence of any such knowledge, the pur-suit of threshing tool. In his new laboratory at 40 West Houston Street,
excellence had been a slow and methodic succession of Tesla conducted a number of very revealing experi-ments with
discoveries in which he was left alone. His numerous publi- grounded impulse transmitters. He had conducted sucient
cations and press conferences consistently highlighted the po- experiments in this new laboratory to acquire cer-tain basic
tentials of a future technology which would change the world information necessary to the construction of a large-scale test
system. Having already demonstrated the fact that Polyphase station, a remarkable ability to perform small scale tests with a
could undo an institution as American as Thomas Edison, his view toward subsequent enlargements. Pump-ing the local area
former employee, many financiers had become concerned when with ther streams, Tesla discovered an amazing and essential
Tesla described wireless power transmission. Heavily invested fact which he had not previously re-alized. His ground pumping
in Polyphase, the general feeling of security was by far too impulse transmitters operated with peak eciency only when
shaken by his now numerous and detailed announce-ments. It specific pulsations were ap-plied. He also noted that the timing
was very obvious to all who knew him, for he was well known of applied such pulsa-tions would produce zero reading or
in such social circles, that he had perfected the broadcast power maximum readings on the output side. This meant only one
system to a degree which could put them all out of business. thing: the strongest in-coming pulsations were clock-regular.
Here were the first confrontations of finance and technology, Instances where he re-ceived zero outputs were instances
meeting in the person of Nikola Tesla. Con-cerned enough to where the impulse trans-mitter was completely out of phase.
meet the impending crisis which seemed so imminent at the Instances where he re-ceived strongest outputs were instances
hands of Tesla, a select and powerful con-sortium of financiers where the transmit-ters were completely in phase with the
arranged a formal reply to Teslas many overtures. incoming pulsations. Of course there were those instances
where a moderate out-put was gained, instances where the
In the early morning hours of March 13, 1895 at 2:00 AM, pumping action may have preceded or followed the incoming
the magnificent Tesla Research Laboratory at 33-35 South Fifth pressures just a bit. In or-der to absorb these natural pulsations
Avenue exploded and burned. Floor upon floor fell until the with greatest eciency, he had to find a Simple way to
building was nothing but a swirling wind of ash. The synchronize the Transmitter with them exactly.
devastation was unprecedented, the very obvious work of hired
saboteurs. Dynamite charges destroyed the very build-ing The pulsations themselves represented a natural process
foundation, a death trap which could not fail, Unknowing to which Tesla had never suspected. Here was evidence that
them, and breaking his normal nightly routine that particu-lar space ther did not in fact flow from space smoothly. The
evening, Tesla had quietly slipped out through a concealed earth as whole was somehow modulating parts of the ther
stairwell for an extended dinner at Delmonicos. Tesla re-turned flow. Tesla monitored and charted this complex and fasci-
with his frantic assistant, Mr. Czito, and watched the ashes drift nating natural phenomenon, an exciting display of
down the avenue until dawn. He vanished for two weeks to the mysterious origin. There were slow pulses whose ultraslow
great concern of his closest and dearest friends. periods ex-ceeded his ability to record them. Others required
The message of his return left his shadowy enemies thun- hours to express themselves, yet others a few minutes each.
derstruck. Tesla was still alive! His next public announcement The ther pulsation spectrum had no lower limits and
was divisive and deliberate. Every press interview for the re- certainly no upper ones. Here were ample natural channels
mainder of his life took a new turn. He was no longer opened to use for power and other applications. In order to build a
and candid. This mystique drove intrigued enthusiasts toward functiorting ther engine, he would have to select one of
his every statement. He was now planning the broadcast of these strong natural pulsations.
power on a worldwide scale, and requested funding from the Tesla found that an amazing sequence of pulsations coex-
very ones he clearly knew were the guilty parties. It was well isted in this in corning flood. These came as pressure waves,
known by the public that certain such individuals had long never reversing direction, and were interspersed by relaxation
threatened Tesla with the hostile takeover of his Polyphase intervals having specific duration. Therefore, the incoming
amalgamation with Westinghouse. Fearful of public accusa- ther came as complex superimposed pulsations, each hav-ing
tions in the all too obvious foiled death attempt, the guilty their own periods of pressure and relaxation. There was no
parties crawled out of the woodwork with philanthropic dona- upper or lower limit to these. Many of these pulse trains were
tions which Tesla absorbed with relish. He played this game very powerful, not just a few. Those powerful pulsa-tions
with the same parties all of their remaining lives, until none of obviously diered in cause and source. Some were solar
27

stimulated, others had more mysterious origins in outer space. tor over and through the earth. Several group pulsations were
He correctly surmised the source of the more powerful pulsa- the result of this passage. There were geological modifica-tions
tions. The sun played its greatest role in this pulsation process. and magnifications of these eects. A whole class of ther
Because it represented an ther source so close to the earth, its pulsations were solar related. This pulsation train was
streams did not arrive with the uniform distribution of the space unidirectional, ther passed into the earth, flowed around it, and
ther supply. The proximity stimulated the strong pul-sations went o into interplanetary space. Streaming ther would
which were found to occur at fixed rates and in a spe-cific range have, in fact, been problematic in this eort. Pulsations of-fered
of pulsations. Pulsation groups were found, those groups each the possibility of an increased engine eciency. The impulse
having singular source. Whether in the sun, the stars, the transmitter would be so synchronized as the apply its
influence of planets, or mysterious causes in space, each group groundward ther blasts at the exact instant in which a space
represented an available pulsation spectrum for utility. The pulse arrived. It would rest with the arrival of the natural re-
source of all these pulsations had several causes. Space sourced laxation interval. Arranging a higWy resistive condition had
ther entered the earth at pulsation rates related to the been the work of engineers for countless centuries. This dis-
mysterious processes occurring in deepest space. Many of their covery and situation, revolutionary and futuristic from every
pulsations were the result of those space processes, having aspect, required the opposite engineering conditions. Tesla had
nothing to do with earth. Others yet had to do with process in long experimented with the use of liquid air to refriger-ate his
space we may never properly comprehend. These represent the systems. He was first to find that zero-resistance could actually
native properties of space and so forth. Yet there existed a class be established in cryogenically cooled circuit com-ponents.
of pulsations definitely related to the proximal sun and the earth Non-resistance was the key. The key to extracting momentum,
as a resistive body. The rocky earth rep-resents a resistance to power from the ther!
the otherwise smooth and continuous flow of ther from space.

Resistance in the crust brought an ther intensification pro- XVI. THER ENGINES
cess into play. The self-collimating self-magnifying prop-erty
which he had observed, while experimenting in count-less other In order to fully utilize the groundward space theric flow,
applications, was suddenly appreciated on a terres-trial scale. one Simply had to conform with its natural pulsations. Tesla
Resisted ther focussed into the resistant medium, producing Transmitter stations had to accommodate these incoming pul-
intense bombardments with subsequent explosive particle sations with least resistivity. Tesla designed systems to ac-
emissions. One principle emission was electronic in nature. commodate cryogenic liquids for this purpose. Side branch
Electrons appeared in the rocky resistant matter, a contaminant circuits would appropriate the pressures from this main flux,
which often choked the pure theric flow. The electron applying them for broadcast purposes at quicker impulse rates.
conversion process retarded the thertc flow. On the terrestrial Tesla believed it was possible to arrange the parameters of his
scale, such eects were enormous in scope. The incoming system to best enable earth absorption of greaterthan- nor-mal
space ther stream was not such a smooth flow af-ter all, an theric quantities. The large aerial terminal would focus in
unexpected fact. Tesla saw the native pulsation properties of ther streams, beneath the station, a very deep and con-
space sources. These did not result from con-tact with earth siderably broad ground system would spread out this concen-
resistance at all. But because the earth it-self resisted the trated flux into the earth, where it would find its way through to
various incoming supplies in various degrees, special group the upper core. Establishing the initial power draw re-quired a
pulsations had long ago been initiated in the groundward ther special function which Tesla had already worked out. The
eux. These group pulse eects were pro-duced on a vast station would therefore operate in a fixed pumping cy-cle,
scale. The incoming ther pulsated into and over the surface of drawing ther down into the ground in strong pulsations. Space
the ground, in some places smoothly, in others with greater ther flowed into the ground in a smooth flood. When his
diculty. Certain geological locales had been the historically impulse transmitters accelerated the downward ther flow, large
persistent site where prodigious lightning activity had been the pulsations flooded the ground. On the surface, this ap-peared as
familiar local attribute. This retardation in the natural absorption growing power pulsations. The pulsations actually passed
of ther yet occurs on a vast ter-restrial scale. The already downward into and through the ground as body waves. These
pulsating streams encounter resis-tance, first in the atmosphere, travelled with superluminal velocity within the subter-ranean
and then in the crust. Space streams, however pulsing, are depths. ther impelled as pulsations of this kind did not cease
slowed from the otherwise su-perluminal velocities as a group moving. Indeed, a flow had been established which, once
by crustal resistance and the electron conversion process. The induced, would not stop moving.
condition had existed for aeons, Momentum in the ther supply The impulse synchronization was the key to receiving and
maintained the incom-ing group pulsations. The growth and securing the natural ther flow. That impulse rate had to be
establishment of this pulsation process was unstoppable. ther exact and had to match the incoming pulsations. After this low-
pulses in, is con-verted into electrons, relaxes, and comes in resistance condition had been established for the incom-ing
again. In addition, the proxtmity of the sun played its part in pulsations, voltage was the key toward drawing in the space
another class of group pulsations. The sun was not ther, Tesla calculated that a value of 100,000,000 Volts would
homogeneous in its bom-bardment of the whole earth surface. be necessary to stimulate a sucient toflux. Superhigh ther
Solar ther drove a vec- pressures would therefore be applied into the ground,
28

pulling on the elevated terminal. This powerful depressuriz- be destroyed. But this would not stop the cascading theric
ing pull on the normal incoming ther flow above the station column, which would self-intensify itself to world-devastating
would draw ther in from the entire overlying space. ther potentials. He often published these intimations, mentioning the
streams would gradually bend into the elevated terminal. possibility that such a sudden flux could split the earth in half.
The system would accommodate the normal space process It was toward averting these fearful scenarios that he now
by of-fering a non-resistant path for each incoming pulse. applied his minds best eorts. He declared that the ex-
The se-lected pulse range was designed to appropriate the periment would not be undertaken should no natural control
natural in-flux. A synchronized theric pulse train was to be process appear. Tesla realized that the flow of ther through his
drivenI by an application of station energy, into the Transmitter would meet with a gradually increasing de-gree of
ground. This pulse train would be provided at the rate of resistance, when electrons began forming along the otherwise
150,000 pulses per sec-ond, impulses each being followed smooth path. This would soon choke the ther flow, causing an
by a specific relaxation period. avalanche of electron manufacture. If not adequately handled,
The pulsation range which Tesla chose was one permit-ting the growing electron flux would moder-ate and quench the
maximum energy absorption for an attainable large size. The reaction. While limiting the eciency of his ther engine,
transmitter would be built to produce 150,000 ther pul-sations other dangers could ensue. The ultimate result of this electron
per second, each impulse lasting for approximately (.0062 manufacture process would be a danger-ous electrostatic
milliseconds). Calculations showed Tesla that this assembly condition which could kill. Once this pro-cess began, a charge-
volume would indeed bring in enough energy to demonstrate farming avalanche was inevitable. The accumulation of these
industrial potential. Besides proving that ther energy could charges could destroy the Transmitter itself. Should a means not
literally drive the station, providing an eternal flow of power be engineered to eliminate them from the area, the electron
into the earth under controlled conditions, Tesla planned to manufacture process would multi-ply itself quite rapidly and
show the distant reception of ther energy from his station. unpredictably. With unpredictably increased ther flow, the
Receivers would be established at various long dis-tances from formation of dangerous blue-white electric sparks would begin
the site, each being a model home or industrial plant. Tesla discharging from the terminals and all parts of the Transmitter.
would prove to his antagonists, who incidentally were providing Thus, before he undertook the large-scale experiment, he had
him with funds for the experiment, that esther power would already glimpsed his con-trol factor. He had already found the
replace fuel oil. very means for mod-erating the reaction. It was electricity
The first requirement Tesla demanded for an experimental itself Electricity, the retarding factor in his every experiment
station of this kind was elevation. He need to place his ex- with pure thertc en-ergy, would provide the moderating
perimental station at a height far above any intervening nat-ural influence. The modera-tor which Tesla so desperately sought,
structures. The second requirement was isolation. He needed the blessing and the curse, was electrical charge itself. How
absolute separation from cities and towns, indeed from all ironic that the very substance which he had so successfully
human life. This latter feature was a precaution against possible eliminated in his cir-cuitry, now returned as an agent of
accidents. Tesla inferred that an uncontrollable process could moderation to prevent a world catastrophe!
develop during the experiment which he plan-ning to undertake.
Tesla was initially frightened that such a vast increase in local
The problem demanded that a special automatic leakage
ther flux might have dire conse-quences if strict control
system be established to rid the system of electrons as quickly
features could not be found. His con-cern reached extreme
as they appeared. It was during the rest period, one which
levels, when calculations showed him the possible results of his
followed each impulse, that the apparatus could discharge its
intended experiment. The highly focussed ther streams
excess electrons into the environment. In this way, a continu-
which he was intending on drawing down would also bring
ous absorption of ther, and elimination of electrons, could be
increased bombardments of the lo-cal geology, and subsequent
sequentially arranged. In eect, the apparatus was a 2.stroke
phenomenal eects which might get beyond his control. What
engine. ther came in, electrons went out. Tesla did not wish to
eects Tesla fully anticipated that the artificially intensified
harvest and use the electrons. Eliminated to the envi-ronment in
theric flow might cause dis-turbances in the ground,
successive pulses, these most certainly produced a distinct
bombardments whose released heat and electrical discharges
species of slow subluminal waves in the ground. Balanced and
might trigger rock shearing. Should he lose control of the
flowing in ther, the only problem central to the continuous
theric in ther flux, through inadver-tent inability to moderate
operation of an industrial sized plant would be the safe
its unpredictable growth factor, the atmosphere might begin to
discharge of excess electrons. He needed some kind of
burn.
automatic valve which could leak the electrons away as
What Tesla meant by this had nothing to do with chemi- quickly as they appeared. The elevated terminal would nec-
cal burning. He meant that the theric bombardment would essarily now be given a double function. Its large absorption
begin a process of elemental dissolution, where atmospheric area would appropriate the incoming ther pulses, but a sec-ond
gases would be quickly converted into ther and other by- geometry would work to leak away excess electrons to the air.
products. In such a nightmarish scenario, the atmosphere Tesla planned a double function in later designs which he
would be driven into the growing ther column, a mounting patented. In this, dangerous electrons are harmlessly and
avalanche without control. He feared that, should such a sud- cyclically leaked o into the air through the aerial terminal. A
den surge remove control from his hands, the station would, large metal shell with innumerable Stipples provided that
29

ther would be absorbed, through the broad surface, while ture was made of wooden beams, of dimensions nearly 100
electrons would be dispersed, through the stipples. In the famed feet on each side. The roof was nearly as high, reaching 80
embodiment at Wardenclye Station, his first indus-trial Power feet, having a large sliding section for the elevation of
Broadcaster, the final form of the terminal was to be an edge- various terminals and capacity surfaces (see figure).
rounded hemisphere completely studded with a great quantity of
large Single terminal vacuum globes. Tesla observed some of
these phenomena while yet in his Houston Street Laboratory,
and considered several means for eliminat-ing the problem. But
here was the very factor which he had so long hoped to find, a
means for insuring that Nature could indeed stop the reaction
before it grew out of proportion to wreak world havoc.
Engineers who studied his press releases and publications were
fixated on the notion hat Tesla was in-tending to pump the
ground with electricity, an error which has forever clouded the
issues germane to comprehending his various World Power
Systems. The fact which so few analysts have retained amid
their many errors deals with that of sta-tion disengagement
from the utilities. Freedom from utilities. Once such an theric
channel had been stimulated through the Transmitter, it would
be possible to disengage the appa-ratus from the electrical
power source altogether. The system was made to simply flow The building was held up with large buttresses. Within this
in ther current. Once the flow-ing condition had been
structure were the components of genius. The primary and
secondary of the largest Tesla transformer ever built in
suciently established, control factors being monitored and
history were wound, one above the other, upon an immense
adjusted throughout the operation cycle, this system would
cylindri-cal wall of wooden construction, some 75 feet in
work on retheric energy alone. Forever. Such a technological
diameter and 10 feet in height. An extra coil was poised in
marvel would stimulate a world revolu-tion in power. His
the very center of this cylindrical form, elevated on a stand
Transmitter would eectivelybecome the literal duct or vent
several feet above the flooring. This extra coil had 75 widely
wherein such an theric channel would actually flow.
spaced wire turns, being wound on a skeletal wooden
cylinder. This extra coil was some 10 feet in diameter and 10
The system would be designed to absorb ther pulsations feet in height The ele-vated capacity terminal, a large
at an accessible natural pulse rate, and then disperse this en- wooden ball covered in tinfoil, was connected to this extra
ergy through the medium of the earth at several other coil by a thick cable. Through the roof window, this cable
pulsation rates. Not only was the system to receive prime rose to a height of 200 feet fixed to a tall wooden mast.
ther power, but it would also rebroadcast it through the Tesla constructed a very ingenious capacitor bank, made of
ground in a host of related pulse rates for utility. Home and large water bottles. Salt water was poured into each to a fixed
industry would re-ceive theric current through the ground height connector rods fitted into the same. The entire as-sembly
as planned, none of the pulsation rates interfering with the of jars were placed in a large tub of tinfoil, also filled with salt
station operation. The plan was exquisite. The end of fuel. water to a depth of a foot or more. This electrolytic assemblage
The only electrical appli-cation needed was the initiation provided a formidable storage capacity, and was easily modified
train. But this plan required a large installation, one which as well as cost-ecient. Power was provided by a large
would not be without its atten-dant problems. Westinghouse transformer. This power was used to drive a high
voltage dynamo, providing some 50,000 volts DC. The dynamo
was connected to a motor driven spark dis-rupter which
XVII. AVALANCHE provided a preliminary pulsation rate. Through choke coils, this
preliminary pulsing current was applied to a large magnetic
Tesla chose his site atop a plateau in Colorado Springs, then a disrupter. This in turn was applied to the ca-pacitor bank and the
virtual pioneer town. At a height of 6000 feet above sea level, large primary coil (see figure).
the site gave him the required elevation. Here also was The first step in his process involved an initiatory jump-
sucient isolation from populations. Placed in solid contact start. When the switch was closed, thertc shockwave en-ergy
with the plateau tablerock. Tesla chose this geologically deep passed over the secondary, and flowed up into the ele-vated
natural conductor to permit an unhindered downrush of ther, a terminal. Transformed into the calculated potential of
secret he carried with him. Anticipating the undreamed, he 100,000,000 volts lasting for the calculated (0.0062 millisec-
moved all of his more mobile components to this site in May onds), ther poured from space into the station during the in-
1899, and began construction. His exertions were astound-ing. terval. Each successive impulse was followed by its short but
Once the station was complete, several tests would be specific rest period, and the process was repeated for as long a
necessarily conducted to arm the circuit parameters in the time as deemed necessary. Some 150,000 groups of applied
geological site. The station parameters were built on what now impulses and rest periods made up each seconds worth of ini-
appears to be a gigantic scale. The large housing struc- tiation time. In the absence of discernible information from
30

mutually opposed wave species. This behavior of the earth as a


conductor of limited extent was not a thrilling fact to Tesla. It
was an annoying problem. He would have preferred a conductor
of infinite extent, one in which all received ther power could
be set free, along with the attendant contami-nating electrons.
Because the earth held onto the electrons so tenaciously, there
were literal repercussions at the station which taxed his intellect
far too much for his own pleasure. Here was the situation. Ether
waves flowed with superlumt-nal velocity from the station and
into the earth proper. These were neutral pressure waves whose
instantaneous movement through the ground was slightly
slowed by resistance process. A continual lagging backflow of
ther pressure echoes ap-peared at the station with
unprecedented force. The applica-tion of ther to the ground
brought a fountain-like condition to the station area. In the
absence of appropriate elevated ca-pacity, ther streams stood
out of the ground vertically. These were the stationary waves
of which Tesla so often delighted to speak. These were the
powerful zetheric emanations which oered humanity a new
the notes which Tesla left us, this critical rest period is dif-
means for obtaining limitless power from outer space, and for
ficult to ascertain. Nevertheless it is an important lost piece
rebroadcasting the same through the ground to any needed
of information necessary to the reestablishment of any such
point. IEther waves are neutral pres-sures of enormous energetic
large-scale station.
potential. Opposed to the de-sired neutral ther pressure waves,
The aerial terminal was so designed to absorb ther and
there were those slow al-ternating electron waves. Electrons,
discharge electrons in opposed cycles. The incoming ther
developed by ther bom-bardment in the rocky crustal matter at
energy would be handled by the various within the station, side
the station, choked the otherwise continuous movement of ther
branching circuits made to appropriate the pure pulsing energy,
pulses. But the aerial release of these from the system induced
while converting it into various pulse rates for re-broadcast. The
slow sublumi-nal electrical waves throughout the earth. The
initiatory impulse would start the avalanche, the space ther
very presence of these completely interfered with the system.
flowing with gradually increasing intensity. Tesla would control
Fast down-ward ther pressure pulses were met by slow rising
and maximize the volumes of incoming ther until the flow
alternat-ing electrical waves. The opposed pulsation of fast
became permanent. At first Tesla had diculty balancing and
ther and slow alternating electron waves would destructively
establishing proper parameters. Even-tually, however, the
interfere with one another. Tesla referred to the theric
conditions which originally desired be-came a routine process.
phenomenon as stationary waves, He referred to the
Tesla planned to train his operators in this art, having accepted
electronic phenomenon as standing waves. Stationary waves,
several personnel to this end. One, Fritz Lowenstein, later was
instantaneous white-fire fountains. Standing waves, slow
found to be a spy for one of his financial enemies. Tesla
electron waves. Station-ary waves occur in incompressible
discovered this when several myste-rious accidents occurred
fluids. IEther is incom-pressible. Stationary waves are the
in the Colorado Springs Station.
charge-neutral products of pressured fluids in fixed conductors.
During this testing period, Tesla encountered several phe-
Stationary waves pul-sate in a unidirectional manner. Standing
nomena for which he was not totally prepared or forearmed. In
waves are the re-sult of alternating compressions and
small preliminary tests, the primary theric pulsation pro-duced
rarefactions, characteris-tic of electron currents in fixed
stationary waves, fountains of white streamers which
conductors. Tesla knew that these two dierent waves could
appeared instantly and which also grew to large proportions
react, one upon another, in restricted ways. You will remember
with time all around the activation site. Tesla mentioned the
that he strove to sepa-rate ther streams from electrons.
standing waves only when referring to the attendant slow
Electrons quenched ther streams by encapsulating and
electron waves, manufactured through the bombarding action of
pinching them o. So long as electrons contaminated ther
ther in the earth. The dierent names of each wave-form
streams, only the gross electrons would dominate. Also, the
related dierent processes, unforeseen phase interfer-ences
concentrated theric streams ac-tually manufactured electrons.
which Tesla encountered during his tests at the Exper-imental
Striking into already manufac-tured electron streams would
Station in Colorado. Problematic to the action of his system,
Simply intensify the condensa-tion process. A veritable electron
these successive waveforms thus appeared at the sta-tion out of
avalanche would follow, the process so poised as to interfere
phase. Now, both ther waves and electron waves came back to
destructively. Unless a proper relationship could be arranged
their sourcepotnt, the fact that Tesla quizzi-cally mentioned to
between the two energy forms, one could not expect a highly
the press. When stating that the earth behaves as a conductor
ecient acquisition of ther power.
of limited extent, he was not refer-ring to the discovery that the
earth can store electricity! He already knew this. He was
referring to the problem of de-structive interference, one of The dierence between these two waveforms had been
phasing among two contrary and crit-ical for Tesla to comprehend and rearrange. Only a Tesla
31

could have balance the two contrary actions. It was ironi-cally site of strange eects. He found it indeed possible to disen-
the slower electron waves which determined the tempo at which gage the Transmitter from the electrical power source after
the system would operate, since these alterations would keep only a few seconds of application time, the proof encrypted
appearing long after the ther flow had begun its resonant rise. and preserved in his Cunningly captioned photographs.
Tesla now calculated and readjusted the impulse-rest intervals Tesla spoke of two dierent waveforms, stationary
so that the two opposed wave species would never destructively waves and standing waves, when discussing the eects
interfere. Timing was the criti-cal key. Each would glide past which his Magntfying Transmitter had produced in the earth.
the other undisturbed and non-interfering. The first full-scale The standing waves related to the consequences of
tests of this experimen-tal station took place throughout the alternating charge waves stimulated by the successive aerial
month of July 1899. Tesla found that each groundward release of manufactured electrons. The stationary waves
pulsation of the Transmit-ter brought such a volume of space were won-derful phenomena of ground conducted ;ether
ther down through the system that it was dicult to control currents. Once the stream began flowing through his system,
the exchange process. Once the theric draft had been magnification processes would draw in an ever increasing
successfully induced, charge formation could actually be ther supply. The more opened the system became, the
utilized to slow and moderate the downward growing flood. more ther would flow. He could moderate this ther
Tesla always measured increased electron surges in his avalanche with certain drive coils which slowed the rest
Transmitters. His aerial terminal bought in an unprecedented intervals during which elec-trons were released. In this was,
electron avalanche, measuring some 1100 amperes of the the ther would be limited from going critical.
current. Indirectly this was a measure of ther flow, for it was The avalanche magnification factor would have to be strictly
ther which manufactured the electrons. This current increase controlled by the station operator. Because ther was rarefied in
demonstrated the continuous formation of charge in the metallic the space above and around the station, a condition brought
conductors of the Transmitter, the re-sult of theric about by the downward pumping action, a powerful and
bombardments through the system. It was just as he had dangerous response would result throughout the incom-ing
foreseen. This central problem which he encoun-tered, and stream. Working its way back out into space, the pul-sations
which he finally solved, became the usable solution to his first would force the supply streams to flow with greater force into
fears. The formation of electrical charges was be-ing used now the Transmitter. Because ther responds to Sim-ple pressure
to slow the ther flow, which otherwise would continue laws, the Transmitter would ultimately summon responses from
growing out of control (see figure). its very source. A strange form of communi-cation would this be
possible between two very distant points, a communications
technique which Tesla mentioned.
The stationary wave was an eect unknown in electrical
science. It was unknown because electricity is a bipolar man-
ifestation. Ether, being a neutral Radiant Energy, has more in
common with gases. Densified ;ether streams were more like
fluids. Stationary waves were a familiar feature in flu-idics,
where the application of streams to enclosed contain-ers
brought immense fountainlike eects. Tesla played with the
science critics when patenting an apparently banal de-sign for a
water fountain. In this ovoid shaped system, Tesla encrypted his
stationary wave secrets. Years later, Victor Schauberger
developed eggshaped vessels into which streams of water were
introduced at high pressure. The result cavitat-ing turbulence
produced frothing jets which emerged in pulsa-tions. Stationary
waves are produced when force is applied to an mcornpressible
fluid which has been constrained within a fixed volume. The
fixed volume of smoothly rounded contain-ers rigidly hold
fluidic pressure jets and produced enormous fountains. These
fountains appear instantly with the very first application of
pressure. The fountains emerge from the en-trant orifice, unless
otherwise arranged. The eect is illus-trated with an ordinary
sink which has been filled to a height with water. Drops which
have been directed to specific parts of the water surface, at
The Transmitter operated as an incredible Magnifier of ther.
specific velocities, can raise a sudden thin fountain high enough
Tesla noted with fascination the fact that pulsations in the
to strike one in the face!
theric downpour seemed to formed a zone of ever in-creasing
power. In this zone, successive ther pulses superim-posed in a Ether is neutral. Because of its electroneutrality, ther re-
manner which was not usual. The growth charac-teristic of flections produce no alternations. ther reflections produce
these pulsations provided an ever increasing supply, with the stationary waves, where geometrically fixed zones of stream-
local zone surrounding the Transmitter becoming a ing ther are observed. Tesla applied ther blasts into the
32

ground. These blasts moved the ther reservoir already ab- for use later. This is a basic error, the result of imagining the
sorbed within the earth in an instantaneous pulse, resulting in Colorado Springs experiment to be one consisting entirely of
a sudden rether fountain all around his station. The pulse electrical eects (Grotz). It is in this light alone that we may
trav-elled through the ground, unaected by its encounter comprehend the evident anomalous magnification of thertc
with var-ious rock strata. Nevertheless, when this pulse phenomena in his Colorado Springs photographs.
finally reached a sucient resistance, or change of mass
density, the flow was suciently refracted to surge back up
toward its source. The eect occurs instantaneously because Once ther energy had been obtained from space, it had to be
earth absorbed esther is a dense and incompressible fluid. conveyed to consumers. Tesla had arrange for the au-tomatic
The entire eect thus de-rives from refraction eects in the activation of ther rebroadcast circuits in the sta-tion. The
variable resistance of earth rock. downpouring therwere automatically shunted to side circuits
The bunching action of ther, both entering the ground from through capacitors. In these side branches, rether pulsed through
above, and that rising from beneath, produced an over- dielectrics and expanded over the surfaces of his smaller coils.
whehning pressure rise in a fixed location. These waves were, Thus stimulated to more rapid pulsation rates, they were ready
in the Tesla lexicon, truly stationary. Rising up like a foun- for rebroadcast. Being rebroadcast away from the station
tain of white light, they remained fixed to the station perimeter through large vacuum globes, poised on elevated platforms,
and stationary. In addition, it seems likely that Tesla discov- these were the theric pulsations which would be utilized in
ered, natural vents where theric pressures persistently home and industry. Simple and com-pact receivers would be
emerge. Such natural loci evidence strong upwelling gusts of established in every home and factory, set to receive theric
natural ther which may be tapped at for power. These strange current through the ground. Tests were thrilling. Distant
natural features explained why certain locations far from his appliances, lamps and motors, responded to the powerful
station suddenly erupted with columns of stuttering white light. pulsations as if physically connected to the sta-tion by wire. A
Indeed, many such locations do exist across the world, places small house-like structure was established some 26 miles away
which flow at rare intervals with a white light. This phenomena from the station. In it, an theric power receiver was tuned to
is due to sudden natural cascades of space ther, an otherwise one of the rebroadcast rates. The 200 lamps housed within this
invisible downpour (see figure). structure, each of 50 watts rating, all remained brilliantly
illuminated throughout the lest runs. This apparently stimulated
enough excitement and concern for word of this development to
get back east. Engineers were enraged. Those who had missed
his most early shift from alternations to impulses, failed to
comprehend the vast distinction between stationary waves
and standing waves. The quizzical use of specific terms such
as these was a Tesla Irademark, one designed to puzzle the
minds of those who criticized him the most. With the exception
of a very few col-leagues who continually made related
discoveries in Ether-physics, most academes had chosen to
remain totally ignorant of the new study area. This for example
was the case with the Teslian use of the term frequency and of
resonance, words which had completely dierent meanings
for Tesla. Teslian frequency refers to the repetition of pulses
per second. Tes-lian resonance refers to conditions in which
ther flows with little or no resistance through systems,
whether proximal or widely separated.

Photographs which Tesla sent to his financiers were ana-


lyzed and reexamined repeatedly from their encrypted mean-
ing. None could decipher the cunning puzzle which Tesla had
set hefore them. Tesla stated that photographs of the theric
The fountain eects which surrounded his station are not whitefire streamers required several minutes exposure time
responsible for the ever growing power observed by Tesla. This before registering the faintest sort of impression. Most of the
was the result of an incoming eethenc supply for which his plates were therefore the result of more than 20 minutes ex-
Transmitter gave low-resistant passage. The incoming theric posure lime. There are a very few plates which, though stated to
flow preferred the transmitter terminal to adjacent, more be the result of one brief switch closure, are covered with
resistant rock. This gradual flow process soon evi-denced itself dense, thick white streamers, One fraction of a second closure
in magnificatton eects, ever increasing volumes of flowing on the system switch resulted in a twenty minute or more ther
ther being measured in his system. Some have ar-gued that avalanche. Magnifying Transformers continued discharging
Tesla merely stored energy in the earth, extracting it long after the initial impulse had been withdrawn.
33

XVIII. THER POWER RECEIVERS Tesla was then plunged into a hellish time, where all but
one would neither help or hear him. Dr. John Hammond re-
Tesla returned to New York exultant. He was about to es- quested Tesla to be the permanent guest on his family estate.
tablish a new world precedent. Venture capitalists were ev- There, amid the family life of Hammond Castle, Tesla shared
erywhere, looking for their opportunity to enter the new en- his dreams and technology. Together, he and Dr. Hammond
ergy market. Unknown to Tesla, his station, its tower, the developed the science of robots and remote guidance. Tesla,
large coils, the capacitors, and all the other marvelous ap- impoverished by the inhuman treatment wrought on him by
paratus which demonstrated free theric power to the world the financial establishment, was nonetheless quite alive and
had been acquired for demolition. Tesla Simply went for- valuable to those having singular ambition to dominate the
ward, securing new funds from Morgan and others toward world radio trade. For a very long time, Nikola Tesla was
the development of a fully functional industry sized station considered out of circulation.
in Long Island. Wardenclye Station. Wardenclye would But later years turned a kindlier edge toward him. Long
be his greatest achievement. Here he would broadcast power after his principle foe had died, others sought him out. Em-
to the world, along with a communications network which ployed by the Rockefellers in their RCA venture, Tesla was
could span the globe with innumerable available channels. given the task of restructuring the now failing Marconi Sys-
Ether wave communications. Several stations would tem. David Sarno did not permit Tesla the dignity of
augment the power of this first station, from which he working under his own name! Nevertheless it was Tesla, not
proposed to rebroad-cast 10,000 horsepower. The Station, a Sarno, who redesigned the insucient RCA radio systems
wonderful visionary structure which dominated the view of to su-ciently tum a profit for the owners. It is significant
Shoreham, Long Is-land was not quite complete before it too that Tesla was not allowed to change the basic design from
was seized by couri injunctions and torn down (see figure). wave radio to radiant communication. What he achieved
required certain strange conversions within the wave radio
circuitry, intensi-fying radiant Signals until the operation
was much improved, and then converting the amplified
Signals back to waves once again. All of this was achieved
within the chassis, certain of which are now being studied.
These Tesla experimental mod-els are typical of the Tesla
style, containing no resistors or other such components.
These models use simple transmitter tubes and employ a
great number of symmetrically disposed conical air coils.
While working for RCA under the name Terbo, his
mothers maiden name, Tesla maintained his two penthouse
suites atop the Hotel New Yorker. One penthouse was his liv-
ing quarters, the other a full scale research laboratory. Tesla
designed and built small compact and portable ther energy
receivers, a developmental path which he pursued to his pass-
ing. Tesla had long investigated the use of pure dielectric field
energy, a stream of ther whose individual pulsations were so
very ultrashort that science had never found a means to har-ness
the energy impulses. Tesla later held the opinion that dielectric
current was composed of radiant particles, theric in nature. He
therefore sought natural sources in which native dielectric fields
could be used as they were, without the need for mammoth
voltage shocks to stimulate theric currents. Tesla knew that
Tesla was summoned to appear in court. The amazing if dielectric ther streams could be directly engaged, a true
tran-script of this proceeding has been secured by Mr. world of the future would be in his grasp. Fur-thermore, the
Leland An-derson, who has since published a wonderful mass-production of thousands and ten thousands of such power
treatise with this transcript as the centerpiece. Tesla said he receivers would be an unstoppable army. An army of miniatures
wept when he saw the ruined tower in Wardenclye. The which could never be torn down. The im-plications were
train ride back from Shoreham was ftlled with tears and the fathomless. Tesla had found a truly new and wonderful
recounting of every tragedy which marked his life. But the approach to an old problem. Once because his tech-nology had
dreams did not die there. In the absence of financial means not yet grown to the level where this was possi-ble, he had to
to construct his gigan-tic stations, Tesla found ways to build settle for impressing the naturally prolific ther streams with
small systems which accomplished the very same objectives. extra pulsations. The Transmitter method was costly,
Replacing the large overhead capacity terminal with material gargantuan, and an easy target for those who hated the notion of
substitutes, radioac-tive metals in combination with other future world where dreams rule humanity. Di-electric energy
dense elements, Tesla was able to accrete and focus ther fascinated Tesla. It was everywhere, a natural emanation whose
pulsations of super short duration. potentials far outproportioned conventional
34

notions of power. Indeed, the early conception of natural ra- mentioned by Tesla biographers. It chanced that an aeronauti-
dioactivity as an energetic source was nothing in comparison cal engineer, Derek Ahlers, met with one of Teslas nephews
to the potential power inherent in dielectric streams. The then living in New York. Theirs was an acquaintance lasting
new technology would use ultra-short pulsing ther streams, some 10 years, consisting largely of anecdotal commentaries on
en-ergies which occupied most of his latter press Dr. Tesla. Mr. Save provided an enormous fund of knowl-edge
conferences in latter years. Study had convinced Tesla that concerning many episodes in Testas last years.
the apparently smooth and native force characteristic of Himself an Austrian military man and a trained aviator, Mr.
dielectric field en-ergy was actually a particulate flux, a Savo was extremely opened about certain long-cherished inci-
succession of ultrashort impulses. The derivation of such an dents in which his uncles genius was consistently made man-
irnpulse train would solve all energy needs for eternity with ifest. Mr. Savo reported that in 1931, he participated in an
an elegance far outreaching his own Magnifier Transmitter. experiment involving retheric power. Unexpectedly, almost
Of a truth, dielectric energy was a native source of incred- inappropriately, he was asked to accompany his uncle on a long
ible proportion and virtually eternal duration. Able to use such a train ride to Bualo. A few times in this journey, Mr. Savo
kinetic source, one could dispense entirely with the Power asked the nature of their journey. Dr. Tesla remained un-willing
Transmitters necessary in stimulating and impressing extra to disclose any information, speaking rather directly to this
pulsations on the ther flow. Tesla often defined the dielectric issue. Taken into a small garage, Dr. Tesla walked di-rectly to a
field as a natural flow of ther particles, one which seemed Pierce Arrow, opened the hood and began making a few
impossible to utilize through lack of appropriate re-sistive adjustroents. In place of the engine, there was an AC motor.
materials. In order to obtain momentum from the flow-ing This measured a little more than 3 feet long, and a lit-tle more
particles of a dielectric field, one required special matter poised than 2 feet in diameter. From it trailed two very thick cables
in equally special symmetries. The otherwise continu-ous flow which connected with the dashboard. In addition, there was an
could be absorbed directly, being exchanged to utili-ties, ordinary 12 volt storage battery. The motor was rated at 80
appliances, and other applications. horsepower. Maximum rotor speed was stated to be 30 turns per
Tesla had already considered the condition of charged par- second. A 6 foot antenna rod was fitted into the rear section of
ticles, each representing a tightly constricted whorl of ther. the car.
The force necessarily exerted at close distances by such theric Dr. Tesla stepped into the passenger side and began mak-
constrictions was incalculably large. theric ponder-ance ing adjustments on a power receiver which had been built
maintained particulate stability. Crystalline lattices were directly into the dashboard. The receiver, no larger than a
therefore places within which one could expect to find unex- shortwave radio of the day, used 12 special tubes which Dr.
pected voltages. Indeed, the high voltages inherent in certain Tesla brought with him in a boxlike case. The device had
metallic lattices, intra-atomic field energies, are enormous. The been prefitted into the dashboard, no larger than a shortwave
close Coulomb gradient between atomic centers are elec- receiver. Mr. Savo told Mr. Ahler that Dr. Tesla built the re-
trostatic potentials reaching humanly unattainable levels. By ceiver in his hotel room, a device 2 feet in length, nearly I
comparison, the voltages which Tesla once succeeded in re- foot wide, a 1(2foot high. These curiously constructed tubes
leasing were quite insignificant. In these balanced lattices, Tesla hav-ing been properly installed in their sockets, Dr. Tesla
sought the voltages needed to initiate directed theric streams pushed in 2 contact rods and informed Peter that power was
in matter. Once such a flow began, one could sim-ply tap the now avail-able to drive. Several additional meters read
stream for power. In certain materials, these rether streams values which Dr. Tesla would not explain. Not sound was
might automatically produce the contaminating elec-trons, a heard. Dr. Tesla handed Mr. Savo the ignition key and told
source of energy for existing appliances. One could him to start the engine, which he promptly did. Yet hearing
theoretically then tailor the materials needed to produce un- nothing, the ac-celerator was applied, and the car instantly
expected theric power with or without the attendant detri-tal moved. Teslas nephew drove this vehicle without other fuel
particles. Tesla did mention the latent eethenc power of charge for an undeter-mined long interval. Mr. Savo drove a
forces, the explosive potentials of bound ther, and the theric distance of 50 miles through the city and out to the
power inherent in matter. In these studies, Tesla sought surrounding countryside. The car was tested to speeds of 90
replacement for the 100,000,000 volt initiating pulses which mph, with the speedometer rated to 120.
natural law required for the implementation of space ther. After a time, and with increasing distance from the city it-
Tesla had long been forced to abandon those gigantic means by self, Dr. Tesla felt free enough to speak. Having now become
other, less natural laws. Thereafter, Tesla shifted his attentions suciently impressed with the performance of both his device
from the appreciation of the gigantic to an appre-ciation of the and the automobile. Dr. Tesla informed his nephew that the
miniature. He sought a means for proliferating an immense device could not only supply the needs of the car forever, but
number of small and compact ther power re-ceivers. With could also supply the needs of a household with power to
ODe such device, Tesla succeeded in obtaining power to drive spare. When originally asked how the device worked, Tesla
an electric car. But for the exceptional account which follows, was initially adamant and refused to speak. Many who have
we would have little information on this last period in Teslas read this apocryphal account have stated it to be the result of
productive life, one which very apparently did not cease its an energy broadcast. This misinterpretation has Sim-ply
prolific streams of creativity to his last breath. The information caused further confusions concerning this stage of Teslas work.
comes through an unlikely source, one rarely He had very obviously succeeded in performing, with
35

this small and compact device, what he had learned in Col- been dispatched for the reclamation of all papers by Tesla. To
orado and Shoreham. this end, several figures of the National Defense Research
As soon as they were on the country roads, clear of the more Committee along with key members of the Oce of Naval
congested areas, Tesla began to lecture on the subject. Of the Intelligence. Several thousand complete technical transcripts
motive source he referred to a mysterious radiation which were retrieved, the priceless work of his lifetime. Some 80 to
comes out of the ther. The small device very obviously and 100large boxes filled with such completed technical papers
eectively appropriated this energy. Tesla also spoke very were retrieved in this operation. His safe was opened, and the
glowingly of this providence, saying of the energy itself that it contents removed. Of all the agencies, military or aca-demic, it
is available in limitless quantities. Dr. Tesla stated that al- seemed strange that the Naval Research Laboratory should
though he did not know where it came form, mankind should serve as prime recipient of this literary treasurehouse. It is said
be very grateful for its presence. The two remained in Buf-falo that Tesla acted as an unwilling consultant in the infamous
for 8 days, rigorously testing the car in the city and coun- Project Rainbow, a reason why perhaps Naval Intel-ligence
tryside. Dr. Tesla also told Mr. Savo that the device would soon would claim this priority.
be used to drive boats, planes, trains, and other automo-biles. Ocial statements concerning these papers essentially
Once, just before leaving the city limits, they stopped at a pro-liferate a rumor that these papers contained nothing of
streetlight and a bystander joyfully commented concerning their worth. Yet, attempts to retrieve them have been fraught with
lack of exhaust fumes. Mr. Savo spoke up whimsically, saying technical restrictions imposed by an agency which knows
that they had no engine. They left Bualo and trav-elled to a their true worth. One fact becomes ever clarified with
predetermined location which Dr. Tesla knew, an old farmhouse increasing time. Tesla perfected a science which few yet
bam some 20 miles from Bualo. Dr. Tesla and Mr. Savo left comprehend or can appreciate. Only when judged against the
the car in this bam, took the 12 tubes and the ignition key, and rigid views held by electrical science, Teslian Technology
departed. appears to be an impossibility. In electrical terms, none of
Later on, Mr. Savo heard a rumor that a secretary had spo- the famed Tes-lian claims can be supported.
ken candidly about both the receiver and the test run, being Prejudicial in their views of Tesla, chiefly the result of
promptly fired for the security breach. About a month after ridicule heaped on him by a few envious members of The Royal
the incident, Mr. Savo received a call from a man who iden- SOciety,Tesla was viewed with increasing concern. Be-cause
tified himself as Lee De Forest, who asked how he enjoyed these individuals did not comprehend the fact that Tesla had
the car. Mr. Savo expressed his joy over the mysterious indeed abandoned all work on high frequency alternating
aair, and Mr. de Forest declared Tesla the greatest living currents, replacing this with an impulse technology, most con-
scientist in the world. Later, Mr. Savo asked his uncle tinued to deride his work. Then, in order to rationalize what
whether or not the power receiver was being used in other demonstrations they saw Tesla performing, an artificial battery
applications. He was informed that Dr. Tesla had been of explanations was concocted from known electrical princi-
negotiating with a major shipbuilding company to build a ples. This is why the contemporary failure to achieve goals
boat with a similarly outflt-ted engine. Asked additional Teslian has been so frustrating and enervating to all those who
questions, Dr. Tesla became annoyed. Highly concerned and so engage. Such results serve only to frustrate electricians, repel
personally strained over the security of this design, it seems
academicians, and tantalize military. Of these three, the latter
obvious that Tesla was per-forming these tests in a desperate
knows the truth. The military forms the only core of
degree of secrecy for good reasons. Tesla had already been
professionals who know with absolute certainty that Tesla
the victim of several manip-ulations, deadly actions entirely
achieved what he claimed. How do they know this?The older
sourced in a Single financial house. For this reason, secrecy
remaining ocerswitnessed Teslas demonstrations. But this
and care had become his only recent excess.
opens a new world of questions. Why had they not appropri-
ated his work while he was available to develop his systems to
XIX. LEGACY full perfection? Why had they not given him the much needed
laboratory equipment and stang, in addition to the common
courtesies of medical attention and better daily fare, to com-
Dr. Nikola Tesla quietly passed away on January 7, 1943.
plete his work? But the truth will out. And only the truth now
Not many hours after his passing an ocial operation had remains. The rest is silence.