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Problem: Designasinglyreinforcedbeamtocarrytheloadsshown.

PDL= 28 kN PU= 97.6 kN


PLL= 40 kN
wDL= 6 kN/m
wLL= 10 kN/m wU= 23.2 kN/m fc'= 20.7 Mpa
fy= 276.5 Mpa

beamwidth= 0.30 m
span= 6 Mpa
6 m
positivebending,tension@bottom
max.positivemoment

Solution:
1. Computeminimumthickness(NSCPTable4091)

L fy
h 0.40 = 6000 0.4 + 276.5 = 298 mm
16 700 16 700

2. Computefactoredloads

Pu=1.2PDL+1.6PLL = 97.60 kN/m


wu=1.2wDL+1.6wLL = 23.20 kN/m

3. ComputeMaximumMoment
2
1 Pl
+M= wu l 2 1 23.20 6 + 97.60 6 = 250.8 kNm
8 4 8 4

4. Checkeffectivedepthtocontroldeflection

fc '
0.18 = 0.0135
fy
fy
m = 15.715
0.85fc '

m
Ru fy 1
2 = 0.0135 276.5
1 0.0135 15.715 = 3.331 Mpa
2
Usemaximumfactoredmoment= 250.80 kNm
Tryb= = 300 mm
Mu
dreq = 528 mm bardiameter,db= 28 mm
Rub
Concretecover= 40 mm
h = 528 + 50 +14 = 592 say 600 mm
d = 600 50 14 = 536
effectivedepth
29.33

5. Computesteelreinforcements

Section Mu Ru Req. Use As N Spacing


(kNm) (Mpa) (pcs) (mm)
1 250.8 3.233 0.01303 0.01303 2095 3.40 say 4.0 33

Mu
Ru
bd2 0.25 fc ' 1.4
min
fy fy
1 2Rum
1 1
m fy min= 0.0041 0.00506
usemin= 0.00506
A s bd
using 28 mm Bars
Ab= 28 2 =
2
1000A b 616 mm
s
As 4
concretecoverplus
l
stirrupdiameter
b 2( pc ds ) ndb
= 0.85 s
n 1
f c' 600
b 0.85
f 600 f
= 0.03703
y y

max 0.75b = 0.02777

6. Sectiondetail@midspan

600 536

29.33

300 clearspacing= 33 mm
428mm bars