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1. Reciprocating pumps are no more to be seen in industrial applications (in comparison to


centrifugal pumps) because of
(a) high initial and maintenance cost
(b) lower discharge
(c) lower speed of operation
(d) necessity of air vessel
(e) all of the above.

2. In a centrifugal pump casing, the flow of water leaving the impeller, is


(a) rectilinear flow
(b) radial flow
(c) free vortex motion
(d) forced vortex
(e) none of the above.

3. Head developed by a centrifugal pump depends on


(a) impeller diameter
(b) speed
(c) ftuid density
(d) type of casing
(e) (a) and (b) above.

4. For starting an axial flow pump, its delivery valve should be


(a) closed
(b) open
(c) depends on starting condition and flow desired
(d) could be either open or closed
(e) partly open and partly closed.

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5. The efficiency of a centrifugal pump is maximum when its blades are
(a) straight
(b) bent forward
(c) bent backward
(d) bent forward first and then backward
(e) bent backward first and then forward.

6. In a centrifugal pump casing, the flow of water leaving the


(a) radial
(b) radial
(c) centrifugal
(d) rectilinear
(e) vortex.

7. Centrifugal pump is started with its delivery valve


(a) kept fully closed
(b) kept fully open
(c) irrespective of any position
(d) kept 50% open
(e) none of the above.

8. Axial flow pump is started with its delivery valve


(a) kept fully closed
(b) kept fully open
(c) irrespective of any position
(d) kept 50% open
(e) none of the above.

9. When a piping system is made up primarily of vertical lift and very little pipe friction, the
pump characteristics should be
(a) horizontal
(b) nearly horizontal
(c) steep
(d) first rise and then fall
(e) none of the above.

10. One horsepower is equal to


(a) 102 watts
(b) 75 watts
(c) 550 watts
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(d) 735 watts
(e) 33000 watts.

11. Multistage centrifugal pumps are used to obtain


(a) high discharge
(b) high head
(c) pumping of viscous fluids
(d) high head and high discharge
(e) high efficiency.

12. When a piping system is made up primarily of friction head and very little of vertical lift,
then pump characteristics should be
(a) horizontal
(b) nearly horizontal
(c) steep
(d) first rise and then fall
(e) none of the above.

13. In a single casing, multistage pump running at constant speed, the capacity rating is to be
slightly lowered. It can be done by
(a) designing new impeller
(b) trimming the impeller size to the required size by machining
(c) not possible
(d) some other alterations in the impeller
(e) none of the above.

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14. If a pump is handling water and is discharging a certain flow Q at a constant total dynamic
head requiring a definite B.H.P., the same pump when handling a liquid of specific gravity 0.75
and viscosity nearly same as of water would discharge
(a) same quantity of liquid
(b) 0.75 Q
(c) Q/0.75
(d) 1.5 Q
(e) none of the above.

15. The horse power required in above case will be


(a) same
(b) 0.75 B.H.P.
(c) B.H.P./0.75
(d) 1.5 B.H.P.
(e) none of the above.

16. Low specific speed of a pump implies it is


(a) centrifugal pump
(b) mixed flow pump
(c) axial flow pump
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

17. The optimum value of vane exit angle for a centrifugal pump impeller is
(a) 10-15
(b) 20-25
(c) 30-40
(d) 50-60
(e) 80-90.

18. In a centrifugal pump, the liquid enters the pump


(a) at the top
(b) at the bottom
(c) at the center
(d) from sides
(e) none of the above.

19. For small discharge at high pressure, following pump is preferred


(a) centrifugal
(b) axial flow
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(c) mixed flow
(d) propeller
(e) reciprocating.

20. In centrifugal pumps, maximum efficiency is obtained when the blades are
(a) straight
(b) bent forward
(c) bent backward
(d) radial
(e) given airfoil section.

21. Motion of a liquid in a volute casing of a centrifugal pump is an example of


(a) rotational flow
(b) radial
(c) forced spiral vortex flow
(d) forced cylindrical vortex flow
(e) spiral vortex flow.

22. For very high discharge at low pressure such as for flood control and irrigation applications,
following type of pump is preferred
(a) centrifugal
(b) axial flow
(c) reciprocating
(d) mixed flow
(e) none of the above.

23. Medium specific speed of a pump implies it is


(a) centrifugal pump
(b) mixed flow pump
(c) axial flow pump
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

24. High specific speed of a pump implies it is


(a) centrifugal pump
(b) mixed flow pump
(c) axial flow pump
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

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25. Indicator diagram of a reciprocating pump is a graph between
(a) flow vs. swept volume
(b) pressure in cylinder vs. swept volume
(c) flow vs. speed
(d) pressure vs. speed
(e) swept volume vs. speed.

26. Low specific speed of turbine implies it is


(a) propeller turbine
(b) Francis turbine
(c) impulse turbine
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

27. A ny change in load is adjusted by adjusting following parameter on turbine


(a) net head
(b) abso lute velocity
(c) blade velocity
(d) flow
(e) relative velocity of flow at inlet.

28. Runaway speed of a hydraulic turbine is


(a) full load speed
(b) the speed at which turbine runner will be damaged
(c) the speed if the turbine runner is allowed to revolve freely without load and with the wicket
gates wide open
(d) the speed corresponding to maximum overload permissible
(e) none of the above.

29. The maximum number of jets generally employed in impulse turbine without jet interference
is
(a) 4
(b) 6
(c) 8
(d) 12
(e) 16

30. Medium specific speed of turbine implies it is


(a) propeller turbine
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(b) Francis turbine
(c) impulse turbine
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

31. High specific speed of turbine implies it is


(a) propeller turbine
(b) Francis turbine
(c) impulse turbine
(d) any one of the above
(e) none of the above.

32. The specific speed of turbine is defined as the speed of a unit


(a) of such a size that it delivers unit discharge at unit head
(b) of such a size that it delivers unit discharge at unit power
(c) of such a size that it requires unit power per unit head
(d) of such a size that it produces unit horse power with unit head
(e) none of the above.

33. Puck up the wrong statement about centrifugal pump


(a) discharge a diameter
(b) head a speed2
(c) head a diameter
(d) Power a speed3
(e) none of the above is wrong.

34. A turbine pump is basically a centrifugal pump equipped additionally with


(a) adjustable blades
(b) backward curved blades
(c) vaned diffusion casing
(d) inlet guide blades
(e) totally submerged operation facility.

35. Casting of a centrifugal pump is designed so as to minimize


(a) friction loss
(b) cavitation
(c) static head
(d) loss of kinetic energy
(e) starting time.

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36. In reaction turbine, draft tube is used
(a) to transport water downstream without eddies
(b) to convert the kinetic energy to flow energy by a gradual expansion of the flow cross -section
(c) for safety of turbine
(d) to increase flow rate
(e) none of the above.

37. Guide angle as per the airfoil theory of Kaplan turbine blade design is defined as the angle
between
(a) lift and resultant force
(b) drag and resultant force
(c) lift and tangential force
(d) lift and drag
(e) resultant force and tangential force.

38. Francis turbine is best suited for


(a) medium head application from 24 to 180 m
(b) low head installation up to 30 m
(c) high head installation above 180m
(d) all types of heads
(e) none of the above.

39. The flow rate in gear pump


(a) increases with increase in pressure
(b) decreases with increase in pressure
(c) more or less remains constant with increase in pressure
(d) unpredictable
(e) none of the above.

40. Impulse turbine is generally fitted


(a) at the level of tail race
(b) little above the tail race
(c) slightly below the tail race
(d) about 2.5 m above the tail race to avoid cavitation
(e) about 2.5 m below the tail race to avoid cavitation.

41. Francis, Kaplan and propeller turbines fall under the category of
(a) Impulse turbines
(b) Reaction turbine s
(c) Axial flow turbines
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(d) Mixed flow turbines
(e) Reaction-cum-impulse turbine s.

42. Reaction turbines are used for


(a) low head
(b) high head
(c) high head and low discharge
(d) high head and high discharge
(e) low head and high discharge.

43. The discharge through a reaction turbine with increase in unit speed
(a) increases
(b) decreases
(c) remains unaffected
(d) first increases and then decreases
(e) first decreases and then increases.

44. The angle of taper on draft tube is


(a) greater than 15
(b) greater than 8
(c) greater than 5
(d) less than 8
(e) less than 3.

45. Specific speed for reaction turbines ranges from


(a) 0 to 4.5
(b) 10 to 100
(c) 80 to 200
(d) 250 to 300
(e) none of the above.

46. In axial flow fans and turbines, fluid enters and leaves as follows
(a) radially, axially
(b) axially, radially
(c) axially, axially
(d) radially, radially
(e) combination of axial and radial.

47. Which place in hydraulic turbine is most susceptible for cavitation


(a) inlet of draft rube
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(b) blade inlet
(c) guide blade
(d) penstock
(e) draft tube exit.

4S. Air vessels in reciprocating pump are used to


(a) smoothen flow
(b) reduce acceleration to minimum
(c) increase pump efficiency
(d) save pump from cavitation
(e) increase pump head.

49. Saving of work done and power by fitting an air vessel to single acting reciprocating pump is
of the order of
(a) 39.2%
(b) 49.2%
(c) 68.8%
(d) 84.8%
(e) 91.6%.

50. Saving of work done and power by fitting an air vessel to double acting reciprocating pump
is of the order of
(a) 39.2%
(b) 49.2%
(c) 68.8%
(d) 84.8%
(e) 91.6%.

51. According to fan laws, for fans having constant wheel diameter, the air or gas capacity varies
(a) directly as fan speed
(b) square of fan speed
(c) cube of fan speed
(d) square root of fan speed
(e) none of the above.

52. According to fan laws, for fans having constant wheel diameter, the pressure varies
(a) directly as fan speed
(b) square of fan speed
(c) cube of fan speed
(d) square root of fan speed
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(e) none of the above.

53. According to fan laws, for the fans having constant wheel diameters, the power demand
varies
(a) directly as fan speed
(b) square of fan speed
(c) cube of fan speed
(d) square root of fan speed
(e) none of the above.

54. Acco rding to fan laws, at constant speed and capacity, the pressure and power vary
(a) directly as the air or gas density
(b) inversely as square root of density
(c) inversely as density
(d) as square of density
(e) as square root of density.

55. According to fan laws, at constant pressure, the speed capacity and power vary
(a) directly as the air or gas density
(b) inversely as square root of density
(c) inversely as density
(d) as square of density
(e) as square root of density.

56. According to fan laws, at constant weight of air or gas, the speed, capacity and pressure vary
(a) directly as the air or gas density
(b) inversely as square root of density
(c) inversely as density
(d) as square of density
(e) as square root of density.

57. Pressure intensifier increases the pressure in proportion to


(a) ratio of diameters
(b) square of ratio of diameters
(c) inverse ratio of diameters
(d) square of inverse ratio of diameter s
(e) fourth power of ratio of diameters.

58. A hydraulic accumulator normally consists of


(a) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device
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(b) a cylinder and a ram
(c) two co-axial rams and two cylinders
(d) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve
(e) special type of pump with storage device and a pressure regulator.

59. A hydraulic intensifier normally consists of


(a) two cylinders, two rams and a storage device
(b) a cylinder and a ram
(c) two co-axial rams and two cylinders
(d) a cylinder, a piston, storage tank and control valve
(e) special type of pump with storage device and a pressure regulator.

60. Hydraulic accumulator is used for


(a) accumulating oil
(b) supplying large quantities of oil for very short duration
(c) generally high pressures to operate hydraulic machines
(d) supplying energy when main supply fails
(e) accumulating hydraulic energy.

61. Maximum impulse will be developed in hydraulic ram when


(a) waste valve closes suddenly
(b) supply pipe is long
(c) supply pipe is short
(d) ram chamber is large
(e) supply pipe has critical diameter,

62). The mechanical efficiency of an impulse turbine is


a) ratio of the actual work available at the turbine to the energy imparted to the wheel
b) ratio of the actual power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the
turbine
c) ratio of the work done on the wheel to the energy of the jet
d) none of the above

63). Discharge of a centrifugal pump is


a) inversely proportional to (diameter)2 of its impeller
b) inversely proportional to diameter of its impeller
c) directly proportional to diameter of its impeller
d) directly proportional to (diameter)2 of its impeller

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64). For centrifugal pump impeller, the maximum value of the vane exit angle is
a) 25 to 30
b) 20 to 25
c) 15 to 20
d) 10 to 15

65). The specific speed from 160 to 500 r.p.m. of a centrifugal pump indicates that the pump is
a) medium speed with radial flow at outlet
b) high speed with radial flow at outlet
c) slow speed with radial flow at outlet
d) high speed with axial flow at outlet

66). Power required to drive a centrifugal pump is directly proportional to __________ of its
impeller.
a) fourth power of diameter
b) cube of diameter
c) diameter
d) square of diameter

67). In a reaction turbine, the draft tube is used


a) to increase the head of water by an amount equal to the height of the runner outlet above
the tail race
b) to prevent air to enter the turbine
c) to run the turbine full
d) to transport water to downstream

68). The maximum number of jets, generally, employed in an impulse turbine without jet
interference are
a) 5
b) 6
c) 2
d) 7
69). A Pelton wheel develops 1750 kW under a head of 100 metres while running at 200 r.p.m.
and discharging 2500 litres of water per second. The unit power of the wheel is
a) 1.75 kW
b) 0.75 kW
c) 0.25 kW
d) 3.75 kW

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70). A centrifugal pump will start delivering liquid only when the pressure rise in the impeller is
equal to the
a) velocity head
b) manometric head
c) kinetic head
d) static head

71). Manometric head, in case of a centrifugal pump, is equal to


a) Energy per kN at outlet of impeller - Energy per kN at inlet of impeller
b) Workdone per kN of water - Losses within the impeller
c) Suction lift + Loss of head in suction pipe due to friction + Delivery lift + Loss of head
in delivery pipe due to friction + Velocity head in the delivery pipe
d) all of the above

72). Geometric similarity is said to exist between the model and the prototype, if both of them
a) have identical forces
b) have identical velocities
c) are identical in shape, but differ only in size
d) are equal in size and shape

73). A Francis turbine is used when the available head of water is


a) 0 to 25 m
b) 25 m to 250 m
c) above 250 m
d) none of these

74). The specific speed of a centrifugal pump, delivering 750 litres of water per second against a
head of 15 metres at 725 r.p.m., is
a) 82.4 r.p.m.
b) 48.2 r.p.m
c) 24.8 r.p.m.
d) 248 r.p.m

75). Slip of a reciprocating pump is defined as the


a) sum of actual discharge and the theoretical discharge
b) ratio of actual discharge to the theoretical discharge
c) difference of theoretical discharge and the actual discharge
d) product of theoretical discharge and the actual discharge

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76). Multi-stage centrifugal pumps are used to
a) all of these
b) give high discharge
c) produce high heads
d) pump viscous fluids

77). Which of the following pump is preferred for flood control and irrigation applications?
a) Reciprocating pump
b) Axial flow pump
c) Centrifugal pump
d) Mixed flow pump

78). Which of the following turbine is preferred for 0 to 25 m head of water?


a) Kaplan turbine
b) Pelton wheel
c) Francis turbine
d) none of these

79). The overall efficiency of a reaction turbine is the ratio of


a) actual work available at the turbine to the energy imparted to the wheel
b) workdone on the wheel to the energy (or head of water) actually supplied to the turbine
c) power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the turbine
d) none of the above

80). A hydraulic coupling belongs to the category of


a) power developing machines
b) power absorbing machines
c) energy transfer machines
d) energy generating machines

81). The speed of an imaginary turbine, identical with the given turbine, which will develop a
unit power under a unit head, is known as
a) specific speed
b) unit speed
c) normal speed
d) none of these

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82). If the ratios of the corresponding forces acting at corresponding points are equal, then the
model and the prototype are said to have.
a) kinematic similarity
b) geometric similarity
c) dynamic similarity
d) none of these

83). A hydraulic ram is a device used to


a) to lift small quantity of water to a greater height when a large quantity of water is
available at a smaller height
b) increase the pressure of water
c) store the energy of water
d) to lift water from deep wells

84). A Pelton wheel develops 1750 kW under a head of 100 metres while running at 200 r.p.m.
and discharging 2500 litres of water per second. The unit speed of the wheel is
a) 80 r.p.m.
b) 20 r.p.m.
c) 10 r.p.m.
d) 40 r.p.m.

85). In a reciprocating pump, air vessels are used to


a) reduce suction head
b) increase delivery head
c) reduce acceleration head
d) smoothen the flow

86). In a Francis turbine runner, the number of blades are generally between
a) 2 to 4
b) 8 to 16
c) 4 to 8
d) 16 to 24

87). By fitting an air vessel to the reciprocating pump, there is always a saving of work done and
subsequently saving of power. The saving in case of a double acting reciprocating pump is
a) 48.8%
b) 39.2%
c) 84.8%
d) 88.4%

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88). A Pelton wheel working under a constant head and discharge, has maximum efficiency
when the speed ratio is
a) 0.36
b) 0.26
c) 0.46
d) 0.56

89). The impeller of a centrifugal pump may have


a) volute casing
b) vortex casing
c) volute casing with guide blades
d) any one of these

90). By fitting an air vessel to the reciprocating pump, there is always a saving of work done and
subsequently saving of power. This saving in case of a single acting reciprocating pump is
a) 39.2%
b) 48, 8%
c) 88.4%
d) 84.8%

91). In an inward flow reaction turbine


a) the water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of
the wheel
b) the water enters at the centre of the wheel and then flows towards the outer periphery of
the wheel
c) the water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel
d) the flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

92). Which of the following pump is generally used to pump highly viscous fluid?
a) Centrifugal pump
b) Screw pump
c) Reciprocating pump
d) Air lift pump

93). The flow ratio of Francis turbine is defined as the ratio of the
a) velocity of flow at inlet to the theoretical jet velocity
b) theoretical velocity of jet to the velocity of flow at inlet
c) velocity of runner at inlet to the velocity of flow at inlet
d) none of the above

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94). Overall efficiency of a centrifugal pump is the ratio of
a) energy supplied to the pump to the energy available at the impeller
b) actual workdone by the pump to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover
c) energy available at the impeller to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover
d) manometric head to the energy supplied by the impeller per kN of water

95). The maximum efficiency of jet propulsion of a ship with inlet orifices at right angles to the
direction of motion of ship, is
a) 60%
b) 80%
c) 50%
d) 40%

96). Kinematic similarity is said to exist between the model and the prototype, if both of them
a) are equal in size and shape
b) have identical velocities
c) are identical in shape, but differ only in size
d) have identical forces

97). The ratio of quantity of liquid discharged per second from the pump to the quantity of liquid
passing per second through the impeller is known as
a) overall efficiency
b) mechanical efficiency
c) manometric efficiency
d) volumetric efficiency

98). The working of which of the following hydraulic units is based on Pascals law?
a) Hydraulic coupling
b) Jet pump
c) Air lift pump
d) Hydraulic press

99). Dynamic similarity is said to exist between the model and the prototype, if both of them
a) have identical velocities
b) are identical in shape, but differ only in size
c) are equal in size and shape
d) none of the above

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100). In order to avoid cavitation in centrifugal pumps
a) the delivery pressure should be low
b) the delivery pressure should be high
c) the suction pressure should be high
d) the suction pressure should be low

101). The hydraulic efficiency of a reaction turbine, is the ratio of


a) power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the turbine
b) actual work available at the turbine to energy imparted to the wheel
c) none of the above
d) workdone on the wheel to the energy (or head of water) actually supplied to the turbine

102). Slip of a reciprocating pump is negative, when


a) suction pipe is short and pump is running at low speeds
b) suction pipe is short and delivery pipe is long and the pump is running at low speeds
c) delivery pipe is long and pump is running at high speeds
d) suction pipe is long and delivery pipe is short and the pump is running at high speeds

103). Which of the following is not an impulse turbine?


a) Girad turbine
b) Turgo turbine
c) Pelton wheel
d) Kaplan turbine

104). The Furneyron turbine is __________ reaction turbine.


a) a mixed flow
b) an axial flow
c) an outward flow
d) an inward flow

105). The specific speed of a hydraulic turbine depends upon


a) speed and power developed
b) speed and head of water
c) discharge and power developed
d) speed, power developed and head of water

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106). An impulse turbine is used for
a) low head of water
b) high discharge
c) high head of water
d) medium head of water

107). The depth of the bucket for a Pelton wheel is generally __________ the diameter of jet.
a) equal to
b) 1.8 times
c) double
d) 1.2 times

108). Which type of the pump is different from others in the same group?
a) Screw pump
b) Gear pump
c) Plunger pump
d) Cam and piston pump

109). The cavitation in reaction turbines is avoided, to a great extent by


a) installing the turbine below the tail race level
b) providing highly polished blades to the runner
c) using stainless steel runner of the turbine
d) all of the above

110). Which of the following pump is successfully used for lifting water to the boilers?
a) Air-lift pump
b) Centrifugal pump
c) Reciprocating pump
d) Jet pump

111). A Pelton wheel is


a) tangential flow impulse turbine
b) outward flow impulse turbine
c) inward flow impulse turbine
d) inward flow reaction turbine

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112). Which of the following pump is successfully used for lifting water from deep wells?
a) Jet pump
b) Reciprocating pump
c) Centrifugal pump
d) Air lift pump

113). The Thomsons turbine is __________ reaction turbine.


a) an inward flow
b) an axial flow
c) an outward flow
d) a mixed flow

114). A double overhung Pelton wheel has


a) two jets
b) four jets
c) two runners
d) four runners

115). Which of the following hydraulic unit is used for transmitting increased or decreased
torque to the driven shaft?
a) Hydraulic ram
b) Hydraulic torque converter
c) Hydraulic intensifier
d) Hydraulic accumulator

116). The hydraulic efficiency of an impulse turbine is the


a) ratio of the actual power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the
turbine
b) ratio of the work done on the wheel to the energy of the jet
c) ratio of the actual work available at the turbine to the energy imparted to the wheel
d) none of the above

117). Which of the following statement is wrong ?


a) The angle of taper on draft tube is less than 8.
b) The reaction turbines are used for low head and high discharge.
c) An impulse turbine is generally fitted slightly above the tail race.
d) A Francis turbine is an impulse turbine.

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118). The overall efficiency for a Pelton wheel lies between
a) 0.85 to 0.90
b) 0.50 to 0.65
c) 0.75 to 0.85
d) 0.65 to 0.75

119). Head developed by a centrifugal pump is


a) proportional to diameter of impeller
b) proportional to diameter and speed of impeller
c) proportional to speed of impeller
d) none of the above

120). Which of the following statement is correct as regard to water wheels?


a) They give constant efficiency, even if the discharge is not constant
b) They have slow speeds.
c) They are suitable even for low water heads.
d) all of the above

121). Braking jet in an impulse turbine is used


a) to break the jet of water
b) to bring the runner to rest in a short time
c) to change the direction of runner
d) none of these

122). The cavitation in a hydraulic machine is mainly due to


a) high pressure
b) high velocity
c) low velocity
d) low pressure

123). If the ratio of all the corresponding linear dimensions are equal, then the model and the
prototype are said to have
a) kinematic similarity
b) geometric similarity
c) dynamic similarity
d) none of these

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124). In a centrifugal pump, the regulating valve is provided on the
a) delivery pipe
b) casing
c) suction pipe
d) impeller

125). The specific speed of a turbine is the speed of an imaginary turbine, identical with the
given turbine, which
a) delivers unit discharge under unit speed
b) delivers unit discharge under unit head
c) develops unit power under unit head
d) develops unit power under unit speed

126). Which of the following pump is successfully used for lifting water to the turbines?
a) Reciprocating pump
b) Centrifugal pump
c) Jet pump
d) Air lift pump

127). A turbine is required to develop 1500 kW at 300 r.p.m. under a head of 150 m. Which
of the following turbine should be used ?
a) Pelton wheel with one nozzle
b) Pelton wheel with two or more nozzles
c) Kaplan turbine
d) Francis turbine

128). The runaway speed of a hydraulic turbine is the speed


a) at which there will be no damage to the runner
b) at full load
c) corresponding to maximum overload permissible
d) at which the turbine will run freely without load

129). A turbine develops 10000 kW under a head of 25 metres at 135 r.p.m. Its specific speed
is
a) 241.5 r.p.m.
b) 215.5 r.p.m.
c) 175.4 r.p.m.
d) 275.4 r.p.m

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130). If the net positive suction head (NPSH) requirement for the pump is not satisfied, then
a) cavitation will be formed
b) no flow will take place
c) efficiency will be low
d) excessive power will be consumed

131). The type of centrifugal pump preferred for a specific speed of 20 r.p.m. is
a) high speed pump with radial flow at outlet
b) slow speed pump with radial flow at outlet
c) medium speed pump with radial flow at outlet
d) high speed pump with axial flow at outlet

132). The undershot water wheels are those in which


a) the wheel runs entirely by the impulse of water
b) the wheel runs entirely by the weight of water
c) the wheel runs partly by the weight of water and partly by the impulse of water
d) none of the above

133). A hydraulic press is a device used


a) to lift larger load by the application of a comparatively much smaller force
b) to store pressure energy which may be supplied to a machine later on
c) to increase the intensity of pressure of water by means of energy available from a large
quantity of water at a low pressure
d) all of the above

134). In an outward flow reaction turbine


a) the flow of water is partly radial and partly axial
b) the water enters at the centre of the wheel and then flows towards the outer periphery of
the wheel
c) the water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of
the wheel
d) the water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

135). Which of the following pump is suitable for small discharge and high heads?
a) Axial flow pump
b) Mixed flow pump
c) Centrifugal pump
d) Reciprocating pump

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136). The flow ratio in case of Francis turbine varies from
a) 1 to 1.5
b) 0.6 to 0.9
c) 0.4 to 0.5
d) 0.15 to 0.3

137). Which of the following turbine is preferred for a specific speed of 60 to 300 r.p.m.?
a) none of these
b) Francis turbine
c) Pelton wheel
d) Kaplan turbine

138). The function of guide vanes in a reaction turbine is to


a) allow the water to flow over them, without forming eddies
b) all of the above
c) allow the water to enter the runner without shock
d) allow the required quantity of water to enter the turbine

139). The jet ratio is defined as the ratio of the


a) diameter of jet to the diameter of Pelton wheel
b) velocity of jet to the velocity of Pelton wheel
c) diameter of Pelton wheel to the diameter of jet
d) velocity of Pelton wheel to the velocity of jet

140). Which of the following statement is correct ?


a) In a reaction turbine, the water glides over the moving vanes with kinetic energy.
b) In an impulse turbine, the pressure of the flowing water remains unchanged and is equal
to atmospheric pressure.
c) In an impulse turbine, the water impinges on the buckets with pressure energy.
d) In a reaction turbine, the pressure of the flowing water increases after gliding over the
vanes.

141). Mechanical efficiency of a centrifugal pump is the ratio of


a) energy available at the impeller to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover
b) energy supplied to the pump to the energy available at the impeller
c) actual workdone by the pump to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover
d) manometric head to the energy supplied by the impeller per kN of water

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142). Which one of the following helps in avoiding cavitation in centrifugal pumps?
a. Low suction pressure b. High delivery pressure
c. Low delivery pressure d. High suction pressure

143). Which one of the following is the purpose of a surge tank in a Pelton turbine station?
a. It acts as a temporary storage during load changes
b. It prevents hydraulic jump
c. It prevents surges at the transformer
d. It prevents water hammer due to sudden reduction in load

144). A jet of water issues from a nozzle with a velocity of 20 m/s and it impinges normally
on a flat plate moving away from it at 10m/s. If the cross sectional area of the jet is 0.02m2
and the density of water is taken as 1000 kg/m2, then the force developed on the plate will be
a. 10N b. 100N c. 1000N d. 2000N

145). In the case of Pelton turbine installed in a hydraulic power plant, the gross head
available is the vertical distance between
a. forebay and tail race b. reservoir level and turbine inlet
c. forebay and turbine inlet d. reservoir level and tail race

146). A hydraulic couplings belongs to the category of


a. power absorbing machines b. power developing machines
c. energy generating machines d. energy transfer machines

147). For pumping molasses, it is preferable to employ


a. reciprocating pump b. centrifugal pump with double shrouds
c. open impeller pump d. multistage centrifugal pump

148). In case of a centrifugal pump, cavitation will occur if


a. it operates above the minimum net positive suction head
b. it operates below the minimum net positive suction head
c. the pressure at the inlet of the pump is above the atmospheric pressure
d. the pressure at the inlet of the pump is equal to the atmospheric pressure

149). Cavitation in a centrifugal pump is likely to occur at the


a. impeller exit b. impeller inlet c. diffuser exit d. involute casing

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150). Manometric efficiency of a centrifugal pump is defined as the ratio of
a. suction head to the head imparted by the impeller to water
b. head imparted by the impeller to water to the suction head
c. manometric head to the head imparted by the impeller to water
d. head imparted by the impeller to water to the manometric head

151). Specific speed of a turbine is given by


a. N(P) /H3/4
1/2
b. N(Q)1/2/H5/4
c. N(P)1/2/H5/4 d. N(H)1/2/P5/4

152). In the case of Francis turbine, velocity ratio is defined as V3/2 gH where H is the
available head and V3 is the
a. absolute velocity at the draft tube inlet b. mean velocity of flow in the turbine
c. absolute velocity at the guide vane inlet d. flow velocity at the rotor inlet

153). Consider the following statements:


1. A reverse jet protects Pelton turbine from over speeding
2. Runner blades of Francis turbine are adjustable
3. Draft tube is used invariably in all reaction turbine installations
4. Surge shafts is a protective device on penstock
Of these statements
a. 1 and 2 are correct b. 2 and 3 are correct
c. 3 and 4 are correct d. 1 and 4 are correct

154). Cavitation damage in the turbine runner occurs near the


a. inlet on the concave side of the blades b. outlet on the concave side of the blades
c. outlet on the convex side of the blades d. inlet on the convex side of the blades

155). In hydraulic power-generation systems, surge tanks are provided to prevent immediate
damage to
a. draft tube b. turbine c. tail race d. penstocks

156). A centrifugal pump delivers water at the rate of 50 litres/ s against a total head of 40
metres. Then the power required to drive the pump is
a. 2 kW a. 15.2 kW c. 19.6 kW d. 25.8 kW

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157). Consider the following characteristics:
1. The fluid enters the pump axially and is discharged radially
2. Maximum efficiency may be of the order of 90%
3. Development of a low head
4. A limited suction capacity
Which of the above characteristics are possessed by axial flow pumps?
a. 1 and 2 b. 2 and 3 c. 2 and 4 d. 3 and 4

158). Match list 1 with list 2 and select the correct answer using the codes given below the
lists:
List 1 List 2
A. Head race 1. Channel, tunnel or pipes through which water is carried from reservoir to the turbine
B. Tail race 2. Reservoir water level
C. Penstock 3. Diverging tube discharging water from the turbine to the atmosphere
D. Draft tube 4. The level at which water is discharged at atmospheric pressure
Codes: A B C D
a. 1 3 2 4
b. 2 4 1 3
c. 1 4 2 3
d. 2 3 1 4

159). Which one of the following correctly expresses the specific speed of a turbine and a
pump, respectively?
a. NQ1/2/H3/4, NP1/2/H5/4 b. NP1/2/H3/4, NQ1/2/H5/4
c. NP1/2/H5/4, NQ1/2/H3/4 c. NP1/2/H7/4, NQ1/2/H3/4

160). Match list 1 with 2 and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists
List 1 (Turbines) List 2 (Specific speeds in MKS units)
A. Kaplan turbine 1. 10 to 35
B. Francis turbine 2. 35 to 60
C. Pelton wheel with single jet 3. 60 to 300
D. Pelton wheel with two or more jets 4. 300 to 1000

Codes: A B C D
a. 4 3 1 2
b. 3 4 2 1
c. 3 4 1 2
d. 4 3 2 1

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161). A centrifugal pump having an impeller of 10 cm diameter discharges 40 litre/second
when running at 1000 rpm. The corresponding speed of a geometrically similar pump having
an impeller of 40 cm diameter and 0.8 m3/s discharge will be
a. 276.4 rpm b. 298.3 rpm c. 312.5 rpm d. 358.2 rpm

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