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1.

An impacted or unerupted maxillary canine may be located most


accurately by means of
A. periapical and lateral jaw roentgenograms.
B. periapical and occlusal roentgenograms.
C. lateral jaw roentgenogram alone.
D. cephalogram.
2. The mandible usually stops remodeling at
A. 8 years of age.
B. 12 years of age.
C. 18 years of age.
D. None of the above.
3. At birth the greatest dimension of the face is
A. depth.
B. width.
C. height.
D. All dimensions are equal.
4. Deposition of dye in animal bone growth studies is known as
A. anthropologic determination.
B. vital staining.
C. sutural deposition.
D. embryologic injection.
E. surface dying.
5. After a tooth has been moved from one position to another, the resulting
bone is
A. sclerotic bone.
B. cortical bone.
C. transitional bone.
D. compact bone.
6. The most stable point in a growing skull from a cephalometric standpoint is
A. sella turcica, the center of the pituitary fossa in the cranial
base.
B. nasion, the junction of the nasal and frontal bones.
C. pogonion, the most anterior point on the bony chin.
D. the upper central incisor.
7. A good method for determining the location of growth sites in the growing
monkey skull would be
A. by injecting alizarin red dye and sacrificing the animal later.
B. through the use of oriented head x-rays.
C. by using anthropometric instruments.
8. The human face is displaced
A. downward and forward.
B. forward.
C. downward.
D. upward.
9. The dependence of tooth development and tooth eruption upon growth of
bone and bones is
A. negligible.
B. considerable.
C. unrelated.
10. In the study of occlusion it is necessary to study the growth and
development of the child, recognizing age, physical stature, familial
background and any abnormalities evidenced by clinical examination and
roentgenographic interpretation. Occlusion therefore is considered
A. static.
B. dynamic and functional.
C. mechanical and functional.
D. a definite fixed position of teeth in each arch.
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11. At birth, which of the following structures is farthest from the size it will
eventually be in adulthood?
A. Cranium
B. Nasal capsule
C. Middle face
D. Mandible
12. Additional space for the eruption of succeeding maxillary molars is made
by
a. continuous expansion of the dental arch.
b. downward and forward displacement of the maxillary complex.
c. interstitial bone growth.
d. appositional growth at the maxillary tuberosity.
e. increase in palatal vault height.
A. (a) and (c)
B. (a) and (d)
C. (b) and (d)
D. (b) and (e)
E. (c) and (e)
13. Growth sites can best be determined in the laboratory animal by means
of
A. vital staining.
B. intra-oral radiographs.
C. cephalometric radiography.
D. comparing dry skeletal material.
14. Patients who have ectodermal dysplasia have had prostheses
constructed during active growth to replace missing teeth. It has been
observed that the dentures
A. restricted lateral bone growth.
B. restricted jaw development.
C. did not restrict growth.
D. were not tolerated due to diminished salivary flow.
15. Cartilage can grow by which of the following methods?
A. Interstitial growth only
B. Appositional growth only
C. Both appositional and interstitial growth
D. Degenerative changes into bony structures
16. How does growth of the cranial base generally relate in time to growth of
the jaws?
A. Precedes
B. Follows
C. Accompanies
D. Initially follows then accompanies
17. In a patient with anodontia, which of the following would be true of
dental prosthetic treatment between the ages of 6 and 17 years?
A. Several dentures will be needed because growth in the inter-canine
region will cause the denture to become ill-fitting.
B. Several dentures will be needed because growth in the
retromolar areas and palatal vault will cause the denture to
become ill-fitting.
C. Since, in the absence of teeth, there will be no growth of alveolar bone,
the denture base will fit for 10 years or more.
D. Since the denture will restrict normal growth of the jaws, the dentures
will probably need to be remade every year to permit growth.
18. Most Class II malocclusions can be prevented by
A. maintaining the integrity of the primary dentition.
B. preventing deleterious habits (such as thumb sucking, lip biting, etc.).
C. breast feeding.
D. no known techniques.
E. (A), (B) and (C) above
19. The "V" principle of growth is illustrated by the
A. nasal septum.
B. mandibular condyle.
C. mandibular symphysis.
D. spheno-occipital synchondrosis.
20. The greatest period of cranial growth occurs between
A. birth and 5 years of age.
B. 6 and 8 years of age.
C. 10 and 12 years of age.
D. 14 and 16 years of age.
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21. At birth, which of the following structures is nearest the size it will
eventually attain in adulthood?
A. Cranium
B. Mandible
C. Clavicle
D. Middle face
E. Nasal capsule
22. The downward and forward direction of facial growth results from
displacement of the maxilla in this direction along with:
A. upward and backward remodeling of the maxillary sutures.
B. vertical eruption and distal drift of the dentitions.
C. interstitial growth in the maxilla.
D. epithelial induction at the growth centers.
23. A needle fragment embedded in the anterior border of the ramus of the
mandible of a 6-year old child would
A. soon become embedded more deeply as new bone covered it.
B. soon become free in the soft tissue as resorption uncovered it.
C. remain on the surface as the ramus was translated.
D. stimulate formation of a bony protuberance at the site of the needle
fragment.
24. Arch length space for the eruption of permanent mandibular second and
third molars is created by
A. apposition of the alveolar process.
B. apposition at the anterior border of the ramus.
C. resorption at the anterior border of the ramus.
D. resorption at the posterior border of the ramus.
25. Cephalometric studies show that, on the average,
a. the mandible grows more slowly than the maxilla.
b. the maxilla, during growth, is translated in a downward and forward
direction.
c. cranial base growth determines mandibular growth.
d. mandibular growth stops after maxillary growth.
A. (a) and (b)
B. (b) and (c)
C. (b) and (d)
D. (c) and (d)
26. What is the chief factor in the formation of the alveolar process?
A. Eruption of teeth
B. Normal process of growth
C. Lengthening of the condyle
D. Overall growth of the bodies of the maxilla and the mandible
27. Which of the following methods is least accurate in determining the site
of new bone deposition in laboratory animals?
A. Implants
B. Radiographs
C. Alizarin stains
D. Tetracycline stains
E. Histochemical stains
28. After age 6, the greatest increase in size of the mandible occurs
A. at the symphysis.
B. between the canines.
C. along the lower border.
D. distal to the first molars.
29. The downward and forward direction of facial growth results from
A. upward and backward growth of the maxillary sutures and the
mandibular condyle.
B. vertical eruption and mesial drift of the dentitions.
C. interstitial growth in the maxilla and the mandible.
D. epithelial induction at the growth centers.
30. The condyle of the mandible grows by
A. membrane bone growth.
B. interstitial bone growth.
C. appositional bone growth.
D. proliferation of cartilage.
E. none of the above.
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31. The cranial vault increases rapidly in size the first few years postnatally
and completes approximately 90 per cent of its growth by 6 years of age.
This is typical of which of the following types of tissues?
A. Neural
B. Dental
C. Genital
D. Lymphoid
E. General (somatic)
32. At birth, which of the following structures is farthest from the size it will
eventually attain in adulthood
A. Mandible
B. Cranial vault
C. Cranial base
D. Middle face
E. Nasal capsule
33. Dental arch form is ultimately determined by
A. skeletal growth pattern.
B. classification of malocclusion.
C. facial type coupled with body type.
D. the functional relationship of posterior teeth.
E. interaction of environmental influences on the genetic pattern.
34. Which of the following are sites of cartilaginous growth postnatally?
a. Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
b. Mandibular condyle
c. Frontomaxillary suture
d. Nasal septum
e. Alveolar process
A. (a) and (b) only
B. (a), (b) and (d)
C. (b), (c) and (e)
D. (c) and (e) only
E. All of the above
35. Interstitial growth is observed at which of the following sites?
a. Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
b. Maxillary tuberosity
c. Mandibular condyle
d. Zygomaticomaxillary suture
e. Apex of an erupting premolar
A. (a) and (b)
B. (a) and (c)
C. (a) and (d)
D. (b) and (d)
E. (b) and (e)
36. Which of the following methods is least accurate in determining the site
of new bone deposition in laboratory animals?
A. Implants
B. Radiographs
C. Alizarin stains
D. Tetracycline stains
E. Histochemical stains
37. There is more adolescent growth spurt of the maxilla than of the
mandible because lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx decreases at
puberty.
A. Both statement and reason are correct and related.
B. Both statement and reason are correct but NOT related.
C. The statement is correct but the reason is NOT
D. The statement is NOT correct but the reason is an accurate
statement
E. NEITHER statement nor reason is correct.
38. In determining a patient's skeletal growth pattern, the most important
factor is
A. diet.
B. habits.
C. heredity.
D. dental occlusion.
39. Bone tissue grows by
A. the "V" principle.
B. interstitial growth.
C. osteoclastic activity.
D. proliferation of endodermal tissue.
E. differentiation of cartilaginous tissue.
40. What is the chief factor in the formation of the alveolar process?
A. Eruption of teeth
B. Normal process of growth
C. Lengthening of the condyle
D. Overall growth of the bodies of the maxilla and the mandible
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41. The cranial vault increases rapidly in size the first few years postnatally
and completes approximately 90 per cent of its growth by 6 years of age.
This growth is typical of which of the following types of tissues?
A. Neural
B. Dental
C. Genital
D. Lymphoid
E. General (somatic)
42. Following the growth rate curve typical for lymphoid tissue, tonsillar and
adenoid tissue masses can be expected to show
A. continuous growth throughout life.
B. a rapid increase in size at the time of puberty.
C. a decrease in size beginning in the circumpubertal period.
D. a progressively decreasing rate of growth from birth to adulthood.
E. no significant increase in size between 4 and 10 years of age.
43. Cartilage differs from bone in that cartilage can increase in size by
A. apposition
B. sutural expansion
C. interstitial growth
D. selective resorption
E. endosteal remodeling
44. What is the relationship between growth curves for lymphoid tissues
(tonsils, neck nodes, adenoids) and sexual characteristics?
A. Both curves slope upward in parallel form.
B. Lymph tissues grow more slowly than genital tissues.
C. Lymph tissues stop growing when genital tissues begin growing.
D. Lymph tissues regress as genital tissues develop.
E. These curves are not related.
45. Cross-sectional growth studies sample
A. different individuals at the same age intervals.
B. the same individuals, but different midsagittal sections.
C. different individuals and different sagittal sections.
D. the same individuals at different age intervals.
E. none of the above.
46. Surgery on the hard palate of a 3-year old cleft patient may inhibit
growth of the nasal septum, causing the facial profile to become
A. straight
B. elongated
C. shortened
D. more convex
E. more concave
47. The formation of the philtrum of the upper lip occurs around 6-8 weeks
in utero by fusion of the median nasal processes
A. True
B. False
48. The masseter muscle develops embryologically from which brachial
(pharyngeal) arch
A. I-First
B. II-Second
C. III-Third
D. IV-Fourth
E. V-Fifth
49. Cartilage tissue is pressure tolerant and able to provide flexible support
because it is avascular and contains an intracellular matrix of
proteoglycans.
A. The first statement is True, the second statement is true and
they are related.
B. The first statement is True, the second statement is true and they are
NOT related.
C. The first statement is True, the second statement is False
D. The first statement is False, the second statement is true.
E. Both statements are false.
50. The periodontal ligament acts as a static supporting mechanism for the
teeth.
A. True
B. False
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51. Seven year old Jack is in your office. He has severe crowding of the
upper incisors and the permanent lateral incisors contact the deciduous
first molars. You can safely tell the mom and dad:
A. That Jack will outgrow this problem.
B. That this problem is caused by large teeth and Jack will need crowns on
the teeth to decrease their size.
C. That Jack needs to have the deciduous first molars extracted to make
room for the permanent canines.
D. That Jack will probably need braces if he wants straight teeth.
52. A priority plan exists during prenatal growth and development of the
face and the body in general. Which of the following organ systems would
have the highest priority?
A. Masticatory System
B. Nervous System
C. Urinary System
D. Respiratory System
E. Reproductive System
53. Which of the following is/are true?
1. Newly formed bone is radiolucent.
2. All types of bone are highly calcified.
3. Bone is a dynamic tissue.
4. Cartilage is tension adapted.
5. The periodontal ligament is a dynamic structure.
A. 1,2,5
B. 1,3,4
C. 2,4,5
D. 1,3,5
E. 3,4,5
54. Osseointergrated titanium implants can undergo vertical drift and
movement in much the same way as natural teeth
A. True
B. False
55. Which of the following statements about bone growth is/are true?
1. Remodeling of bone occurs on both endosteal and periosteal surfaces.
2. Remodeling of bone stops around age 18.
3. Remodeling of bone results in the histologic structures called osteons.
4. Remodeling of bone only occurs in the face.
5. Deposition and resorption may not occur in equal amounts.
A. 1,3
B. 1,2,3
C. 1,3,5
D. 3,4
E. 2,3
56. Which of the following is/are true?
1. The matrix of ordinary cartilage is calcified.
2. Osteocytes have a limited lifespan.
A. 1. is true
B. 2. is true
C. Both are true statements
D. Neither is a true statement.
57. Haversian systems is/are:
1. Characteristically found in the adult skeleton.
2. Formed by cutting and filling cones.
3. A structural unit of bone.
4. A structural unit of cartilage.
5. A neuromuscularly induced response to mechanical force.
A. 1,2,3
B. 2,3,4
C. 2,3,5
D. 2,3 only
E. 1,3 only
58. Biochemical remodeling of bone refers to:
A. Rebuilding of macromolecules from micromolecules.
B. The exchange of minerals and other ions between the blood and
bone.
C. Chemical treatment of bone to induce resorption or deposition.
D. Decalcification of bone.
59. Which of the following statements correctly describe bone growth:
1. There is a general uniform deposition of new bone on all periosteal
surfaces.
2. There is a general uniform resorption of bone on all endosteal surfaces.
3. The endosteal surface may contribute significantly to new bone
formation.
4. Interstitial growth of bone is necessary to change the morphology of the
fetal face to the adult face.
5. Displacement of bones is necessary to change the fetal face to the adult
face.
A. 1 and 2
B. 1, 2 and 3
C. 3, 4 and 5
D. 3 and 5
E. 1, 3 and 5
60. The maxilla grows upward and backward and is displaced downward and
forward. This statement means:
1. Adequate space for second and third molars can not be assessed at age
six.
2. Additional bone is usually not deposited on the anterior surface of the
premaxilla.
3. Nothing, the statement is not true.
4. Additional arch length (space for teeth) is likely to be gained anterior to
the cuspids.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 3 and 4
D. 1 and 4
E. 3
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61. Which of the following is/are true?
1. Macrostomia (large mouth) results from a failure of fusion.
2. Bone can grow interstitially due to its calcified matrix.
3. At birth the premaxilla is fused to the maxilla.
4. At birth the right and left sides of the maxilla are not fused.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 3 and 4
D. 1 and 4
E. 2 and 4
62. A dental implant placed in the area of the upper lateral incisor at age 7
will:
A. be displaced along with the maxilla during growth.
B. drift vertically with the alveolar process along with the natural teeth.
C. be resorbed by the body as a foreign body.
D. eventually be replaced by new bone laid down by cutting and filling
cones.
63. The grand design of the human face is the result of two growth
processes which interact to produce the final result. What are they?
1. Remodeling
2. Displacement
3. Disarticulation
4. Occlusal equilibration
5. BPRD
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 3 and 4
D. 1 and 4
E. 2 and 4
64. Displacement and remodeling can occur in opposite directions.
A. True
B. False
65. While you are infiltrating the palatal root of the upper first molar in a six
year old you accidentally break off the tip of the needle and it imbeds in
the bone of the hard palate acting as a metallic implant. Ten years later
you would find this metal fragment:
A. In the floor of the nose
B. In the soft tissue of the roof of the mouth
C. In the small intestines
D. In the tonsillar pillars
66. The functional matrix theory holds that:
1. Soft tissue is primary.
2. Bone is responsive to soft tissue.
3. Respiration does not influence midfacial growth.
4. Deglutition (mandibular function) influences mandibular growth.
5. The condylar cartilage is the center for all facial growth.
A. 1,2,3
B. 1,2,4
C. 2,3,4
D. 3,4,5
E. All of the above.
67. The skilled orthodontist is able to control facial growth to improve facial
appearance.
A. True
B. False
68. Which of the following are directions of growth for the dentist to consider
when evaluating a young patient?
1. Vertical
2. Horizontal
3. Transverse
A. 1,2
B. 1,3
C. 2,3
D. All of the above
E. None of the above
69. Facial growth is a dynamic process.
A. True
B. False
70. Rapid palatal expansion of the maxilla is a therapeutic procedure that
most closely mimics what biologic process?
A. Remodeling
B. Fusion
C. Merging
D. Displacement
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71. The maxilla grows by:
A. Downward and Forward Displacement.
B. Interstitial enlargement in the area of the tuberosity.
C. Upward and backward endochondral bone formation.
D. All of the above
E. Two of the above
72. Cortical drift occurs by a combination of periosteal deposition and
endosteal resorption because deposition and resorption always occur
together in equal and opposite amounts.
A. The first statement is true, the second statement is true and they are
related.
B. The first statement is true, the second statement is true and they are
NOT related.
C. The first statement is false, the second statement is true.
D. The first statement is true, the second statement is false.
E. The first statement is false, the second statement is false.
73. A osseointegrated titanium dental implant will behave biologically most
similar to:
A. A deciduous tooth
B. A permanent tooth
C. An ankylosed tooth
D. An impacted tooth
74. In children and teenagers, vertical growth of the maxilla during
orthodontic treatment
A. can contribute favorably to the correction of deep overbite.
B. does not usually occur.
C. does not contribute to treatment success.
D. is not a target for treatment intervention.
75. The "switch" that turns facial growth on and off is
A. located in the cerebellum.
B. located in the periosteum.
C. part of the genetic code.
D. an environmental signal.
E. not known at this time.
76. The sutural theory of facial growth holds that the cells lining the sutures
push the bones apart and create displacement of the bones. This theory
has been rejected by modern craniofacial biologists because:
A. Bones can not "push" on other bones.
B. The nasal septum theory replaced the sutural theory.
C. Sutures are important sites of adjustment.
D. Sutures do not exist in the adult skull.
77. The mandibular condyle is an important control center for mandibular
growth because the condylar cartilage is capable of producing
endochondral bone throughout life.
A. The first statement is true the second is false.
B. The first statement is false , the second statement is true.
C. Both statements are true and are related.
D. Both statements are true but are not related.
E. Both statements are false.
78. Areas of muscle attachment are under tension and therefore they are
always depository bony surfaces.
A. The first statement is true, the second false
B. The first statement is false, the second true
C. Both statements are true and related
D. Both statements are true but not related
E. Both statements are false.
79. The temporomandibular joint contains which of the following histologic
structures:
A. fibrocartilage
B. Meckel's cartilage
C. osteophytes
D. trophoblasts
E. none of the above
80. The temporomandibular joint is:
A. capable of controlling mandibular growth.
B. a hinge joint.
C. a ball and socket joint.
D. a ginglymoarthroidal joint.
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81. In the anatomically normal TMJ the superior joint compartment provides:
A. Rotational movement.
B. synovial fluid pressure.
C. Translational movement.
D. most TMJ pain.
82. The meniscus of the TMJ is:
A. important for normal function of the joint.
B. made up of growth cartilage.
C. often calcified in older patients.
D. not part of a normal TMJ.
83. The condyle of the mandible is part of the temporomandibular joint and
is capable of multidirectional adaptation and growth. This is important
function because:
A. occlusion of the teeth is complex and dynamic, thus requiring a
joint capable of continuous adjustment.
B. many teeth are lost to decay, thus requiring a joint capable of
continuous adjustment.
C. occlusion is simple and static.
D. none of the above.
84. Adult facial growth
A. follows the same pattern for males and females.
B. is more vertical in the male population.
C. is more horizontal in the female population.
D. none of the above.
85. Investigators studying the influence of genes on growth often examine
the _______ of the cell:
A. number of mitochondria
B. endoplasmic reticulum
C. messenger RNA
D. chondroblastic potential
86. The Functional Matrix Hypothesis holds that:
A. The soft tissues of the brain expand thus pacing growth of the
flat bones of the skull.
B. The territorial matrix of the chondrocytes is responsible for the resiliency
of this tissue.
C. Cellular function is controlled by genes.
D. Hypothetically, function of the organism is not related to growth.
87. The glenoid fossa of the TMJ
1. is lined with hyaline/fibrocartilage.
2. may undergo remodeling.
3. is located in the sphenoid bone.
4. indirectly affects the position of the chin.
5. becomes deeper with age.
A. 1,2,3,4
B. 1,2,4,5
C. 1,3,4,5
D. 2,3,4,5
E. All of the above
88. Adult facial growth (change after age 25) could affect:
A. the dental occlusion
B. Eruption of third molars
C. single tooth dental implants
D. All of the above
E. Two of the above
89. As we grow older our faces look different this is commonly the result of
1. Remodeling of the bones of the face.
2. Changes in the soft tissue integument.
3. Displacement of the bones of the face.
4. TMJ dysfunction.
5. Interstitial growth of the bone.
A. 1,2
B. 1,2,3
C. 1,2,3,4
D. 1,2,4
E. 1,2,5
90. Branemark implants have been used to successfully rehabilitate
edentulous mouths. The fact that implants are not capable of drifting
within the alveolus has not affected the success rate, this is most likely
because:
A. Adult facial growth does not occur.
B. Displacement of bones does not occur.
C. The implants are used to support complete lower dentures.
D. Dental drift does not occur in adults.
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91. Growth (remodeling and displacement) occurring in palatine bones
results in relative changes in the position of the maxillae. This is an
example of:
A. Secondary displacement.
B. Primary displacement.
C. Cortical drift.
D. The "V" principle of growth.
92. It is generally more physiologic to orthodontically move teeth into areas
of depository activity. Which of the following is/are physiologically sound
movements:
A. Distal or lingual movement of the lower incisors.
B. Labial or forward movement of the lower incisors.
C. Labial or forward movement of the upper incisors.
93. The midface is suspended from:
A. The cranial base.
B. The mandible.
C. The cerebellum.
D. The spinal cord.
E. none of the above
94. In general , midfacial growth __________ mandibular growth
A. is temporally not related to
B. follows
C. precedes
95. One of the basic principles of facial growth is:
A. The face grow proportional to the nose.
B. The brain is the pacemaker for facial development.
C. The face grows out from under the brain.
96. The relative position of the eyes within the face :
A. Is lower the older you are.
B. Is relatively the same at all ages.
C. Is higher the older you are.
97. Facial growth is a dynamic process
A. True
B. False
98. As a general principle, the glenoid fossa
A. Becomes deeper and more anatomically defined with increasing
age.
B. Is found in the parietal bone.
C. Is an important growth site, but not a growth center.
D. Is a critical component of the endochondral bone formation mechanism.
99. Rotational movement in the healthy TMJ occurs:
A. In the superior joint space.
B. In the inferior joint space.
C. In outer space.
D. In cyberspace.
100. The condylar cartilage of the TMJ allows for physiologic adaptation of the
condylar head to changing stresses in the masticatory system. Which of
the following statements are true:
1. This process occurs throughout an individuals lifetime.
2. This process occurs only during adolescence.
3. This process results in endochondral bone formation.
4. This process results in great variability in condylar shape and size
among individuals.
A. 1, 2 and 4
B. 1, 3 and 4
C. 2, 3 and 4
D. 1 and 3
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101. Match the following structures with their functions.
A specialized articulation that allows for a wide range of physiologic
adaptation
A. Condyle
B. Corpus
C. Ramus
D. Alveolar process
102. Match the following structures with their functions.
The major area of adaptation and compensation within the mandible
A. Condyle
B. Corpus
C. Ramus
D. Alveolar process
103. Match the following structures with their functions.
The point of the chin is part of this anatomic area
A. Condyle
B. Corpus
C. Ramus
D. Alveolar process
104. Match the following structures with their functions.
Orthodontic tooth movement involves deposition and resorptive activity
within this area.
A. Condyle
B. Corpus
C. Ramus
D. Alveolar process
105. In the rapidly growing human, deposition and resorption usually occur in
equal and opposite amounts.
A. True
B. False
106. The angle formed by the intersection of the ramus with the corpus
influences the effective length (i.e. the functional length) of the mandible.
A. True
B. False
107. Area relocation:
1. is a remodeling process.
2. is one of the reasons a 6 year old may not have room for permanent
second molars until they are 12 years old.
3. is a displacement process.
4. creates more space for alignment of lower incisors.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 3 and 4
D. 1 and 4
108. The primary palate develops from
A. the mandibular prominences
B. the maxillary prominences
C. the lateral palatine processes
D. the soft palate
E. the ethmoid sinus
109. Facial clefts can occur commonly in all of the following areas except the
________.
A. primary palate
B. lip
C. secondary palate
D. nasolacrimal duct
E. zygomatic arch
110. The enamel organ, i.e., the enamel epithelia, enamel reticulum,
ameloblasts, and enamel prisms, derives from the ________.
A. first branchial arch cartilage
B. first branchial arch mesenchyme
C. dental sac
D. dental lamina
E. dental papilla
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111. The cranial base forms the template for the face
A. True
B. False
112. The two processes that account for all of facial growth from birth
through adolescence and eventually to adulthood are displacement and
remodeling.
A. True
B. False
113. The cutting and filling cone is a basic histologic structure associated with
remodeling of bone.
A. True
B. False
114. Cutting and filling cones contain which of the following:
1. Osteoclasts
2. Osteoblasts
3. Blood vessels
A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
C. 2 and 3
D. 1,2 and 3
E. None of the above
115. How are successful osseointegrated implants different from natural
teeth?
1. Implants do not have a periodontal membrane.
2. Implants move much faster than natural teeth.
3. Implants are firmly attached to bone.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 1,2 and 3
E. None of the above
116. Embryologic development of the upper lip is the result of:
1. Fusion of the medial and lateral nasal processes.
2. Merging of the medial nasal processes.
3. Confusion of the mesoderm.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 1,2 and 3
E. None of the above
117. The primary palate in the embryo becomes the __________ in the adult.
A. Lower lip
B. Hard palate
C. Soft palate
D. Upper lip
118. The cranial nerve associated with the first brachial arch is the _________.
A. Trigeminal
B. Facial
C. Glossopharyngeal
D. Vagus A
119. An osseointegrated dental implant was used to replace a missing upper
central incisor in a six year old boy. Which of the following could be true
statements when this boy is 12 years of age:
1. The implant will be located in he mandible.
2. The implant will be relatively higher within the face.
3. The implant will be integrated with the same bone cells within the
maxilla at age 12.
A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 2 only
D. 3 only
E. None of the above.
120. Primary displacement is not usually accompanied by remodeling.
A. True
B. False
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121. Physiologic drift of the teeth within the alveolar process is the result of:
1. Deposition of new bone.
2. Resorption of existing bone.
3. Primary displacement of the palatine bones.
4. Secondary displacement of the maxilla
A. 1 and 2
B. 1,2 and 3
C. 1,3 and 4
D. 1,2 and 4
E. 2,3 and 4
122. A leptoprosopic face is:
A. characteristic of most males.
B. long and narrow.
C. a feature of most females.
D. usually associated with mandibular protrusion.
123. A function of "remodeling" is to:
A. cause mandibular displacement anteroinferiorly.
B. move the zygomatic arches in medial direction.
C. produce a bone's size and shape.
D. cause mandibular displacement in a posterosuperior direction.
124. A feature of the female face is:
A. the exophthalmic appearance of the eyeballs.
B. a large nose, especially in the brachycephalic face.
C. ears that appear "low".
D. less prominent cheekbones.
125. A Class II malocclusion (mandibular retrusion) typically relates to:
A. a euryprosopic face.
B. anteriorly inclined middle cranial fossae.
C. a forward rotation of the mandible.
D. a vertically short nasomaxillary complex.
126. A major factor underlying the differences between male and female
faces is:
A. the nature of the basicranium.
B. the size and shape of the brain.
C. the facial airway.
D. the mandibular condyle.
127. The labial side of the maxilla in the incisor region:
A. is resorptive.
B. remodels in a protrusive (forward) direction.
C. becomes displaced posteriorly and superiorly.
D. remodels in a superior direction in order to enlarge the overlying nasal
region.
128. Brachycephalic headforms are associated with Class III malocclusions
(relative mandibular prognathia) and Dolichocephalic headforms are
associated with Class II malocclusions (relative mandibular retrognathia) .
A. Both statements are true.
B. The first is true the second false.
C. The second is true the first false.
D. Both statements are false.
129. A patient undergoing active orthodontic treatment returns to your office
for routine examination. Upon examining the bite wing radiographs you
notice that the periodontal ligament space is enlarged around all of the
teeth. Being a top student in facial growth you remember that:
A. this type of radiographic change is pathologic and schedule this patient
for full mouth periodontal surgery.
B. this type of radiographic change is not pathologic but does indicate that
the teeth are being moved too quickly and tell the patient to have the
orthodontist decrease the force on the teeth.
C. this type of radiographic change is pathologic and schedule this patient
for full mouth extraction.
D. this type of radiographic change is not pathologic but does
indicate that the teeth are being moved.
130. Which of the following are found in periosteum?
A. Osteoblasts
B. Fibrous connective tissue
C. Nerves
D. Blood vessels
E. All of the above
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131. The mandible starts out as the smallest bone and grows for the shortest
period of time.
A. First statement is correct, second is false.
B. Both Statements are true.
C. Neither statement is true.
D. Second statement is correct the first is false.
132. What are some factors that lead to variations seen in different peoples'
faces?
1. The rate and amount of growth.
2. The pattern in which the bones are growing.
3. Boundaries restricting growth.
4. The timing of growth in relation ot other growth fields.
5. The genetic plan for the face.
A. 1,2,4,5
B. 1,3,4,5
C. 1,2,4,5
D. 1,2,3,5
E. All of the above
133. The nose in a dolichocephalic individual tends to be:
A. less protrusive in the male.
B. less protrusive than the brachycephalic nose.
C. more protrusive in the female than the male.
D. more protrusive in the brachycephalic than the dolichocephalic.
E. none of the above.
134. Mandibular retrusion tends to be a characteristic of:
A. the brachycephalic individual.
B. the short nose individual.
C. the male dolichocephalic.
D. females regardless of headform type.
135. "Displacement" is a developmental process that:
A. produces the changing size of a bone.
B. functions to create "goodness of fit" among the craniofacial bones.
C. produces the "relocation" of a bone's component parts.
D. produces the "carry" of a whole bone as it enlarges by
remodeling.
136. An aquiline nose ("Roman nose") is sometimes a feature of:
A. the male dolichocephalic.
B. most female brachycephalics.
C. individuals with Class II malocclusion.
D. short-faced individuals.
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Course Outline & Class Notes | Slides | Textbook Material | Sample Tests | Send
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Department of Orthodontics,
Case Western Reserve University.