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Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

"Design and Implementation of Smart


congestion control system"
1.
Ms.Nandini M. 2 .Dr.Pushpamala Siddaraju
1
PG Scholar, 2 .Assistant professor.
Department of Electronics and Communication
Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
email :nandini1234m@gmail.com,email:pushpa.mala-ece@dsu.edu.in

ABSTRACT emergency vehicle detection system. In case


an emergency vehicle is detected, the lane is
The frequent traffic jams at major junctions
given priority over all the others. Hardware
call for an efficient traffic management
control is done by microcontroller.
system in place. The resulting wastage of
time and increase in pollution levels can be I. INTRODUCTION
eliminated on a city-wide scale by these
Current traffic control techniques involving
systems.
magnetic loop detectors buried in the road,
The project proposes to implement
infra-red and radar sensors on the side
an intelligent traffic controller using real
provide limited traffic and require separate
time image processing. The image
systems for traffic counting and for traffic
sequences from a camera are analyzed using
surveillance.
thresholding method to find the density.
Inductive loop detectors do provide a cost-
Subsequently, the number of vehicles at
effective solution, however they are subject
the intersection is evaluated and traffic is
to a high failure rate when installed in poor
efficiently managed. The project also
road surfaces, decrease pavement life and
proposes to implement a real-time
obstruct traffic during maintenance and

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

repair. Infrared sensors are affected to a


greater degree by fog than video cameras
and cannot be used for effective
surveillance.

In contrast, video-based systems offer many


advantages compared to traditional
techniques.

They provide more traffic information,


combine both surveillance and traffic
control technologies, are easily installed,
and are scalable with progress in image
processing techniques.

This project tries to evaluate the process and


advantages of the use of image processing
Figure: Embedded system is the
for traffic control.
combination of both software and hardware
Implementation of our project will eliminate
Software deals with the languages like ALP,
the need of traffic personnel at various
C, and VB etc., and Hardware deals with
junctions for regulating traffic.
Processors, Peripherals, and Memory.
Thus the use of this technology is valuable
Memory: It is used to store data or address.
for the analysis and performance
Peripherals: These are the external devices
improvement of road traffic.
connected
II. BLOCK DIAGRAM Processor: It is an IC which is used to
perform some task

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

Office systems and mobile


Embedded equipment
Banking, finance and commercial
System
Medical diagnostics, monitoring
and life support
Software Hardware Testing, monitoring and diagnostic
systems
o ALP o Processor
o C o Peripherals
o VB o memory
IV. Basic Principle
Etc.,

A transformer makes use of Faraday's law


and the ferromagnetic properties of an iron
core to efficiently raise or lower AC
voltages. It of course cannot increase power
so that if the voltage is raised, the current is
proportionally lowered and vice versa.
Figure: Block diagram of Embedded System

III. Applications of embedded


systems
Manufacturing and process control
Construction industry
Transport
Buildings and premises
Domestic service
Communications

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

failures and to short term variations in


conditions on the paths. The main issues are
what we discussed in 6: how to split
sequence numbers across paths (i.e. whether
to use one sequence space for all subflows
or one per subflow with an extra connection-
level sequence number), how to do flow
control (subflow, connection level or both),
how to ack, and so forth. Our protocol
design in 6 has drawn on this literature.

Figure: Basic Principle However, the main focus of this paper is


congestion control not protocol design. In
Advantages: most existing proposals, the problem of
shared bottlenecks (2.1) is considered but
Reliability, Ease of Operation the other issues in 2 are not. Let us
As we can improve transportation highlight the congestion control
security by implementing it. characteristics of these proposals. pTCP
No need of human supervision [12], CMT over SCTP[14] and M/TCP [23]
People abiding rules can be caught. use uncoupled congestion control on each
Spontaneous output. path, and are not fair to competing single-
V. RELATED WORK path traffic in the general case. mTCP [27]
There has been a good deal of work on also performs uncoupled congestion control
building multipath transport protocols [13, on each path. In an attempt to detect shared
27, 18, 12, 14, 6, 23, 7]. Most of this work congestion at bottlenecks it computes the
focuses on the protocol mechanisms needed correlation between fast retransmit intervals
to implement multipath transmission, with on different subflows. It is not clear how
key goals being robustness to long term path robust this detector is. R-MTP [18] targets

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

wireless links: it probes the bandwidth RESULTS


available periodically for each subflow and
adjusts the rates accordingly. To detect
congestion it uses packet interarrival times
and jitter, and infers mounting congestion
when it observes increased jitter. This only
works when wireless links are the
bottleneck.
VI. SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

The study showed that image processing is a


better technique to control the state change
of the traffic light. It shows that it can
reduce the traffic congestion and avoids the
time being wasted by a green light on an
empty road. It is also more consistent in
detecting vehicle presence because it uses
actual traffic images. It visualizes the reality
so it functions much better than those
systems that rely on the detection of the
vehicles metal content. Overall, the system
is good but it still needs improvement to
achieve a hundred percent accuracy

APPLICATIONS:
Main roads, Highways,Signal crossings.,
Tollgates.

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
Volume 1, Issue 6,June- 2017 Available at: www.dbpublications.org

International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

since it selects efficient paths and balances

CONCLUSION congestion

We have demonstrated a working multipath


congestion control algorithm. It brings REFERENCES:
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IDL - International Digital Library Of
Education & Research
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International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

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IDL - International Digital Library Of
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International e -Journal For Education And Research-2017

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