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Question on Current Electricity

1. Is electric current a scalar or vector quantity? Justify

2. Is wire carrying current charged?
3. How is current kept continuous inside a conductor?
4. What is the difference between resistance and resistor?
5. What is the difference between resistance and resistivity?
6. What is cause of resistance of a conductor?
7. Resistivity of copper, constantan and silver are 1.710-8 m, 39.1 10-8 m and 1.610-8 m respectively.
Which has best conductivity?
8. A large number of free electrons are in metals. Why is there no current in the wire in the absence of
9. Two wire of equal length, one copper and the other is manganin have the same resistance . Which wire
will be thicker?
10. There are two conductors A and B of the same material, having length l and 2l ; and having radii r and
r/2 respectively .What is the ratio of their resistance?
11. Draw the graph to show variation of resistance of a metal wire as a function of its diameter , keeping
length and temperature constant.
12. The current flowing through conductor is 2mA at 50V and 3mA at 60 V .Is it an ohmic or non ohmic
13. Does the value of resistance of a wire depend upon potential difference applied across or current
passed through it?
14. Is the formula V=IR true for non ohmic resistance also?
15. Is V=IR Ohmic s law ? give correct form of Ohms law.
16. How does the drift velocity of electrons in a metallic conductor vary with the increase in temperature?
17. If the temperature of good conductor increases , how does the relaxation time of electron in the
conductor change?
18. If the potential difference V applied is increases to 2V , how will the drift velocity of electron change?
19. Why terminal votage is less than emf?
20. State the principle of potentiometer.
21. Why should potentiometer wire having high specific resistance?
22. Can you use copper wire as potentiometer wire?
23. What is meant by sensitiveness of potentiometer?
24. How the sensitiveness of potentiometer can be increased?
25. When the Whetstones bridge is said to be balanced bridge?
26. What are the advantages of v over other?
27. Three bulbs 40W, 60W and 100W are connected series ,which bulb will glow more?
28. Define electric current and write its unit.
29. Write the relation between coulomb and ampere.
30. What is emf ? write its unit.
31. Define ohm.
32. How much is the resistance of an air gap?
33. Sketch the variation of resistivity with respect to temperature.
34. Name of the parameter which determine the resistivity of the material.
35. Can you apply Kirchhoffs law to both AC and DC/
36. On what principle the Kirchhoffs law 2nd law depend?
37. Calculate the current through a lamp of 60W and 220V.
38. What is the characteristics of fuse wire?
39. Distinguish between emf and potential difference?
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Question on Current Electricity
40. What do mean by relaxation time.
41. Define mobility.
42. A galvanometer of resistance 50 gives full scale deflection for current of 0.25A .Calculate the required
resistance to convert the galvanometer into ammeter of range 5A. [2]
43. Draw the circuit diagram to measure the potential difference across a 10 resistor when it is connected
in series with a 20 resistor and 6V source. [1]
44. 5 cells of emf 1.5V and internal resistance 0.1 are connected in such a way that the current in an
external resistor of 10 is maximum. Draw the circuit diagram of the combination and calculate the
current in the circuit. [3]
45. State Kirchhoffs laws for the conductor s. Use this laws to obtain the balance condition of
Whetstones bridge Verify if the condition remains same , when the positions of the battery and
galvanometer are interchanged in the bridge. [2+4+1]
46. You are given a cell of emf 1.5V and two wires each of resistance 6 and key. Draw the circuit diagram
to get the maximum current in the circuit using these. [2]
47. Distinguish between galvanometer ,ammeter and voltmeter .Explain with the circuit diagram how the
galvanometer can be converted into(i) ammeter (ii) voltmeter of a given range [3+2+2]
48. The drift velocity of electron in a conductor of a circuit is 0.5mm/s when the potential difference
between its end s is 1.5V .What will be the drife velocity in it when potential difference is 3V. [1]
49. Calculate current dawn by a 1.5kW electric heater from 220V line and find its resistance. [2]
50. Draw the circuit digram when n cells each of emf e and internal resistance r are connected in parallel to
external resistance R . obtain an expression for the current in the circuit and deduce the condition for
maximum current in it.
51. (a) Define resistance . derive an expression for the effective resistance of number of conductors when
connected series and parallel.
(b) derive an expression for grouping cells in series and parallel.
52. (a) Define drift velocity of an electron. Derive an expression of it in terms of relaxation time. Then write
the relation between mobility and drift velocity
(b) Define electric current .derive relation between electric current and drift velocity . Hence derive Ohms
53. Explain the principle of a potentiometer and its construction with neat sketch.
54. In an electric circuit 2A ,1.5A and 3A the flow towards the junction while a current of magnitude 2.5 A
and a unknown current leave the junction .Find the magnitude and direction of unknown current.
55. A battery of emf 8V and internal resistance 2 is connected to a resistor. If the current in the circuit is
0.4A. What is the resistance of the resistor ? Calculate the terminal voltage of the battery when the circuit
is closed.
56. A voltmeter has a resistance of 100. What will be its reading when it is connected across a cell of emf
2V and internal resistance 20 ?
57. The storage battery of a car has an emf of 12 V. If the internal resistance of the battery is 0.4, what is
the maximum current that can be drawn from the battery?
58. A battery of emf 10 V and internal resistance 3 is connected to a resistor. If the current in the circuit
is 0.5 A, what is the resistance of the resistor? What is the terminal voltage of the battery when the circuit
is closed?
59. a) Three resistors 1 , 2 , and 3 are combined in series. What is the total resistance of the
b) If the combination is connected to a battery of emf 12 V and negligible internal resistance, obtain the
potential drop across each resistor

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Question on Current Electricity
60. (a) Three resistors 2 , 4 and 5 are combined in parallel. What is the total resistance of the
(b) If the combination is connected to a battery of emf 20 V and negligible internal resistance, determine
the current through each resistor, and the total current drawn from the battery.
61. At room temperature (27.0 C) the resistance of a heating element is 100 . What is the temperature of
the element if the resistance is found to be 117 , given that the temperature coefficient of the material of
the resistor is 1.710-1 OC-1
62. A negligibly small current is passed through a wire of length 15 m and uniform cross-section 6.0 107
m2, and its resistance is measured to be 5.0 . What is the resistivity of the material at the temperature of
the experiment?
63. A silver wire has a resistance of 2.1 at 27.5 C, and a resistance of 2.7 at 100 C. Determine the
temperature coefficient of resistivity of silver.
64. A heating element using nichrome connected to a 230 V supply draws an initial current of 3.2 A which
settles after a few seconds to a steady value of 2.8 A. What is the steady temperature of the heating
element if the room temperature is 27.0 C? Temperature coefficient of resistance of nichrome averaged
over the temperature range involved is 1.70 104 C 1.
65. A storage battery of emf 8.0 V and internal resistance 0.5 is being charged by a 120 V dc supply using a
series resistor of 15.5 . What is the terminal voltage of the battery during charging? What is the purpose
of having a series resistor in the charging circuit?
66. In a potentiometer arrangement, a cell of emf 1.25 V gives a balance point at 35.0 cm length of the wire. If
the cell is replaced by another cell and the balance point shifts to 63.0 cm, what is the emf of the second
67. Two wires of equal length, one of aluminium and the other of copper have the same resistance. Which of
the two wires is lighter? Hence explain why aluminium wires are preferred for overhead power cables. ( Al
= 2.63 108 m, Cu = 1.72 108 m, Relative density of Al = 2.7, of Cu = 8.9.)

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