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Engineering Standard

SAES-K-003 19 December 2010


HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers
Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................ 2
3 References.................................................... 2
4 Definitions...................................................... 3
5 Saudi Arabian Environmental Conditions...... 4
6 Requirements for Communication Facilities
with Grid Power Supply and Data Centers.... 4
7 Requirements for Hybrid and Passively
Cooled Communications Shelters................. 8

Appendix A......................................................... 12

Previous Issue: 31 May 2004 Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015


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Primary contact: Hamid, Adel Sulaiman on 966-3-8760212

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2010. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

1 Scope

1.1 This Standard describes the supplemental Heating, Ventilation and Air
Conditioning (HVAC) requirements in addition to the general HVAC
requirements of SAES-K-001 and SAES-K-100 for:
Data Centers and Server Rooms
Communication Buildings
Communication Rooms within buildings
Telecommunication Equipment Rooms serving critical sites
Communication Shelters with Grid Power Supply
Hybrid and passively Cooled Communication Shelters.

1.2 Excluded from this standard are data closets and termination box rooms in
buildings that are not essential in the production, processing and transportation
of hydrocarbons, as defined in SAES-O-100.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this Standard and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Engineering Standards (SAESs), Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs),
Industry Standards, Codes, Forms and Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings
(SASDs) shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative
through the Manager, Consulting Services Department, Dhahran.

2.2 All requests to deviate from this standard shall be directed to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department,
Dhahran.

3 References

All referenced specifications, standards, codes, forms, drawings and similar material
shall be of the latest issue (including all revisions, addenda and supplements) unless
stated otherwise.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-A-112 Meteorological and Seismic Design Data
SAES-J-801 Control Buildings
SAES-K-001 Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
SAES-K-002 Air Conditioning Systems for Essential Operating
Facilities
SAES-K-100 Saudi Aramco Mechanical (HVAC) Code
SAES-O-100 General Requirements Safety and Security
SAES-P-103 UPS and DC Systems
SAES-T-916 Telecommunications Building Cable Systems

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards


ASHRAE Series American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air
Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
NFPA 70 National Electrical Code
TIA 942 Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data
Centers

4 Definitions

BACNET: A Data Communication Protocol for Building Automation and Control


Networks

Communications Facilities: Communications Facilities are the Facilities that house


and in support of telephone, radio, or other communications and network equipment
that serve communication functions for Saudi Aramco. Examples of Communications
Facilities are Communications Buildings, Communications Rooms within non
communications buildings and Communications Shelters.

Data Center: A building or portion of a building whose primary function is to house a


computer room and its support areas

Hybrid Cooled Communication Shelter: Hybrid Cooled Communication Shelter is a


Communications Shelter where grid power is not available and the cooling is provided
by both passive cooling method and DC powered air conditioning units where the type
of power supporting the air conditioning is DC type generated by solar system.

Passively Cooled Communication Shelter: Passively Cooled Communication Shelter


is a Communications Shelter where grid power is not available and the cooling is
provided without the need for power source by natural heat transfer through an internal

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

heat exchanger, accumulator and external heat exchanger. This system utilizes the
difference in temperature between day and night times to cool the shelter.

Telecommunications Equipment Rooms: An environmentally controlled centralized


space for telecommunications equipment that usually houses a main or intermediate
cross-connection for telecommunications distribution cables.

Telecommunications Room: Telecommunication Room (TR) is considered to be


floor-serving facilities that provide a connection point between backbone and horizontal
distribution pathways.

5 Saudi Arabian Environmental Conditions

The environmental conditions at locations of the Saudi Aramco operating areas are
listed in SAES-A-112; Meterological and Seismic Design Data.

6 Requirements for Communication Facilities with Grid Power Supply and


Data Centers

6.1 Indoor Air Temperature and Humidity Control

The HVAC systems of Communication Facilities and Data Centers shall be


designed for indoor air dry bulb temperature and indoor air relative humidity as
per Table 1.
Exception:

1) Upon Prior approval from Communication Engineering & Technical Support


Department/ Facilities Engineering Group, Humidity control is not required in
those Communication Shelters which are served by five ton or less mini-split air
conditioning units.

2) If the manufacturer of any communication equipment requires more stringent


temperature, humidity or air filtration levels than listed herein, the Project
Management Team shall specify these requirements for the HVAC system design
before the completion of HVAC load calculations.

Table 1 Indoor Design Data

Design Value Tolerance


Dry Bulb Temperature 22C (71.6F) 2C ( 3.6F)
Humidity 50% 10%

6.2 Cooling Load Calculations

6.2.1 For HVAC systems which do not have any fresh air make-up the cooling

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

load calculations shall be prepared with not less than 0.5 air change per
hour infiltration rate.

6.2.2 The cooling load calculations of HVAC system shall include a minimum
of 20% equipment future growth.

6.3 Air Filtration Requirements

HVAC Systems of Communication Facilities and Data Centers shall have fresh
air make-up filters (where fresh air make-up is used) and internal air
recirculation filters.

6.3.1 For system with fresh air intake:

6.3.1.1 The fresh air make-up filters shall have a minimum of 25%
dust spot efficiency (MERV 7).

6.3.1.2 The internal air recirculation filters shall have a pre-filter with
a minimum of 25% dust spot efficiency (MERV 7) and a final
filter with a minimum of 60% dust spot efficiency (MERV 11).

6.3.1.3 All fresh air intakes shall be provided with differential pressure
gauges. The gauges shall be connected to building Facility
Alarm system.

6.3.1.4 All filters shall be as measured by ASHRAE 52.2 test method.

6.3.2 Where Pressurization units is provided, pre-filter with a minimum of


25% dust spot efficiency (MERV 7) and a final filter with a minimum of
90% dust spot efficiency (MERV 14) shall be provided.

6.3.3 Viscous oil filters shall not be used.

6.3.4 Chemical Filters

The concentration of corrosive gases shall be limited to the G1


environmental classification level defined in ISA S71.04, as required by
SAES-J-801. When it is confirmed by the Proponent and/or Process
Engineering Division that the concentration of corrosive gases in the
local plant environment will exceed the G1 classification level, chemical
filters shall be provided to limit the concentration of gases inside data
centers, communication facilities to the G1 classification level.

6.4 Battery Room Requirements

6.4.1 HVAC systems of Battery Rooms for Communication Facilities and

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

Data Centers shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of


SAES-K-002 and SAES-P-103.

6.4.2 Humidity control is not required in battery rooms.

6.4.3 Recirculation of conditioned air is prohibited within the battery room.


Exception:

Recirculation is allowed in Hybrid communication shelter battery room


that is equipped with degassing system and gas detectors.

6.4.4 HVAC equipment in battery room shall be acid and hydrogen fumes
resistant and shall be of explosion proof type.

6.4.5 Standby exhaust fan shall be provided in Battery Room to ensure


continues ventilation.

6.5 HVAC System Considerations

6.5.1 For Communications Facilities direct expansion (DX) type HVAC


systems shall be used.
Exception:

Chilled water system may be used only with the prior approval of
Communications Engineering & Technical Support Department / Facilities
Engineering Group.

6.5.2 For Communication Facilities and Data Centers, Computer Room


Precision Type air conditioning units shall be used.
Exception:

Other type of air conditioning units may be used only with the prior
approval of Communications Engineering & Technical Support
Department / Facilities Engineering Group.

6.6 Standby Capacity of HVAC Systems

All HVAC systems covered by this Standard shall be provided with standby
capacity as follows:

6.6.1 If the system is served by two or more normally operating units, the
capacity of the standby unit(s) shall be at least 50% of the system's
maximum design capacity.

6.6.2 If the system is served by one normally operating unit only, the capacity
of the standby unit shall be equal to the capacity of the normally

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

operating unit.

6.7 Fresh Air Intake

6.7.1 Location of fresh air intake shall be at a minimum of 2.4 meters above
grade.

6.7.2 All fresh air intakes shall have the following:


Sand trap louver
Filter
Bird screen
Differential pressure gauge
Volume damper

6.8 Pressurization at Communication Facilities and Data Centers

Communication Facilities and Data Centers that have recirculation precision


type air conditioning units with no fresh air make up shall be provided with
separate pressurization air conditioning unit to provide the required
pressurization.
Exception:

Hybrid and Passively Cooled Communication shelters are not required to be


provided with pressurization unit.

6.9 Indoor Air Temperature and Humidity Recording

6.9.1 Indoor air temperature and humidity levels shall be recorded on a digital
recorder in each Communications Facility or Data Center.

6.9.2 The recorder shall have the capability of continuously recording for a
minimum duration of six months and shall have the capability of being
accessed remotely through Saudi Aramco IT network.

6.9.3 The temperature and humidity measurements shall be performed at 1.5 m


(0.3 m) above the floor and 0.1 m (0.3 m) away from the equipment.

6.10 Control System Requirements

HVAC control systems shall be capable of providing the following functions:


1. Automatic change over between the operating and standby units weekly,
and/or in the event of operating unit failure.

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

2. Remote alarms to NOCC (Network Operations Control Center) in case of


any HVAC equipment failure and/or any other alarms in the HVAC
equipment.
3. Capable to be connected to Building Management System (BMS).
The Control shall be BACNET compatible.

6.11 Insulation Requirement

Insulation of refrigerant pipes exposed to outdoors shall be provided with


galvanized steel or aluminum sheet metal cladding, fastened with corrosion
resistant metal straps or screws.

6.12 HVAC Equipment Requirement

1. HVAC units shall be provided with the following functions:


2. Built in control panel.
3. Environmental analog and digital input/output interface card.
4. Built in two or more stage electric heater.
5. Built in electric or infrared humidifier (see exception of paragraph 6.1).
6. Dehumidification functions if required.
7. Water detection monitoring system for down and up flow units.

6.13 Data Center Equipment Arrangement

Equipment in Data Centers and Computer Rooms shall be arranged in hot and
cold aisles arrangement.

6.14 Fire/Smoke Damper Requirement

All wall opining and/or duct penetrating fire rated wall shall be provided with an
approved UL-Listed combination fire/smoke damper.

7 Requirements for Hybrid and Passively Cooled Communications Shelters

Communications Shelters where grid power supply is not available shall be cooled by
hybrid cooling system which consists of passive cooling shelter and DC powered air
conditioning units.
Exception:

The use of passively cooled shelter in communications sites is acceptable only with prior
approval from Communication Engineering & Technical Support Department / Facilities
Engineering Group.

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

7.1 Design Considerations

The design of the hybrid cooling system shall consider running the air
conditioning during the peak hours (maximum five hours per day based on the
effective sun hours as per SAES-P-103) and a maximum of three hours during
the night time.

7.2 Maximum Internal Air Temperature

The internal air temperature of Hybrid Cooled Communications Shelters


Equipment Room shall not exceed 35C.

7.3 Internal Air Temperature Recording

The internal air temperature of Hybrid Cooled Communications Shelters shall be


recorded in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 6.9.

7.4 Battery Room Requirements

7.4.1 The Battery Room of the Hybrid Cooled Communications Shelters shall
be provided with a separate cooling system to maintain a 33C maximum
indoor air temperature when the Summer Night Dry Bulb Temperature
(SNDBT) is equal or less than 31C.
Exception:

Communication Engineering & Technical Support Department / Facilities


Engineering Group shall be consulted to obtain the required design
temperature of the Battery Room for communications shelter located in
areas with SNDBT higher than 32C.

7.4.2 The Battery Room shall not have any ventilation opening or fan that
would compromise the effectiveness of the hybrid cooling system.

7.4.3 Degassing system shall be used in hybrid cooling communications


shelters or passive cooling communications shelters.

7.4.4 HVAC equipment in battery room shall be acid and hydrogen fumes
resistant and shall be of explosion proof type.

7.4.5 Battery room shall be equipped with Hydrogen gas detector.

7.4.6 Upon detection of hydrogen fumes in battery room by the gas detector,
the battery room A/C unit shall be shutdown and remote alarms to
NOCC (Network Operations Control Center) shall be activated.

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

7.5 Standby Capacity of HVAC Systems

Standby DC powered air conditioning units shall be provided.

7.6 Testing Requirements

The following applies for hybrid and passive cooling systems:

7.6.1 Factory-built Passively or Hybrid Cooled Shelters with their cooling


systems shall be subjected to a Thermal Performance Test at the factory
under simulated indoor thermal load and ambient air temperature
conditions to ensure that the indoor air temperature limit stated above
will not be exceeded.

7.6.2 Cooling systems of Shelters built on site shall also be subjected to a


factory Thermal Performance Test, and it shall be guaranteed by the
manufacturer of the cooling system that the indoor air temperature of the
site-built Shelters shall not exceed the temperature limit stated in
paragraphs 7.2 and 7.4.1.

7.6.3 The indoor thermal load shall represent the actual heat dissipation of the
equipment housed by the Shelter and 15% future load and shall be stated
in the Performance Specification of the Shelter.

7.6.4 During the Thermal Performance Test, the ambient air conditions shall
be simulated by maintaining a 24-hour temperature cycle in the test
chamber as follows:
a) The Summer Night Dry Bulb Temperature (SNDBT) shall be held
constant for four consecutive hours.
b) The temperature shall be increased gradually from the SNDBT to
the Summer Design Dry Bulb Temperature (SDDBT) at 2.5%
exceedance during the next six hours.
c) The SDDBT at 2.5% exceedance shall be maintained during the
next two hours.
d) The temperature shall be gradually increased from the SDDBT at
2.5% exceedance to the SDDBT at 1% exceedance during the next
one and a half hours.
e) The SDDBT at 1% exceedance shall be maintained during the next
one hour.
f) The temperature shall be decreased gradually from the SDDBT at
1% exceedance to the SDDBT at 2.5% exceedance during the next
one and a half hours.

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

g) The SDDBT at 2.5% exceedance shall be maintained during the


next two hours.
h) The temperature shall be decreased gradually to the SNDBT during
the next six hours.

An example of the above testing procedure is shown in Figure 1.0 in


Appendix A.

7.6.5 The SDDBTs shall be obtained from SAES-A-112; Meterological and


Seismic Design Data.

7.6.6 The SNDBT shall be obtained from Environmental Protection


Department / Environmental Engineering Division for each site.

7.6.7 SAPMT shall obtain concurrence from CE&TSD / Facilities Engineering


Group for the SNDBT prior to the finalization of Performance
Specification for the Passive Cooling System.

7.6.8 The Thermal Performance Test shall include a test chamber temperature
cycle stabilization period of 3-5 days and a Shelter temperature recording
period shall follow:

7.6.8.1 After the stabilization period, the indoor temperature of the


Shelter shall be recorded for a minimum of 48 consecutive
hours.

7.6.8.2 If the temperature cycles of the test chamber become unstable


during the 48 hours recording period, the 48 hour temperature
recording shall be repeated.

7.6.9 The Thermal Performance Test shall be witnessed by representatives


from CE&TSD/Facilities Engineering Group and HVAC/Utilities Group
of Consulting Services Department.

7.6.10 During the Thermal Performance Test, the DC powered Air


Conditioning unit for Equipment room and Battery Room shall not run
more than five Hours per day otherwise, the performance test shall be
considered as failed.

Revision Summary
19 December 2010 Major revision.

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Document Responsibility: HVAC Standards Committee SAES-K-003
Issue Date: 19 December 2010
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2015 HVAC Systems for Communications Facilities & Data Centers

Appendix A

Figure 1.0 Example of Hybrid and Passively Cooled Shelters


Testing Procedure as per Paragraph 7.6.4 of SAES-K-003

The below assumption was made for explanation purpose only:

SNDBT = 31C
SDDBT@ 2.5% = 43C
SDDBT@ 1% = 48C

Where A = SNDBT
B = SDDBT at 2.5% exceedance
C = SDDBT at 1% exceedance

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