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OUTCOMES Intermediate Answer Key

01 MY FIRST CLASS Reading:


A/B:
pp. 8-9 The number of students taking languages at school
Grammar: is falling and this is a disaster because it is bad for
A: trade.
1 are you/do you come Students are not motivated because when they go
2 do you abroad, people speak to them in English.
3 are you Britain is losing trade because British people lack
4 Are you language skills.
5 Have you Not everyone thinks the plan to teach languages
6 have you been from an early age (at primary schools) is a good idea.
7 do you
8 Have you got C: 1 F 2T 3F 4T 5F 6F 7F 8T
9 are you going to/are you planning to
10 did you E:
well-respected director of a school
Listening: desire to do something
A: the purpose or reason for doing something
1 Shes from Saratov in Russia Depending on
2 About 10 or 12 years on and off proof
3 Shes not sure probably a few years context, situation
linked progression
B: learn faster or more slowly
1 Come in 4 stay manage
2 kilometres 5 mind easier to do, offered more widely
3 strong 6 top
Vocabulary:
Developing Conversations: A:
A: 1 fluently, fluency 7 pick up, get by
Whereabouts? 2 both 8 make
So have you been to the UK to study before? 3 second syllable 9 language, your English,
4 forrin financial situation, housing,
B: 1 b 2 a 3 f 4 c 5 e 6 d 5 about relationships, etc.
6 on 10 a strong accent

pp. 10-11
Vocabulary: pp. 12-13
A: Grammar:
1a quite confident and able to speak without too A:
much hesitation; can talk easily about different 1 was teaching 7 acted
subjects 2 had done 8 continued
1b survive / manage 3 was explaining 9 had used
1c simple / limited 4 told 10 had actually said
1d speaking two languages equally well, as a native 5 looked 11 didnt / did not stop
speaker 6 said
1e dont speak too fast
2 learn through self-study; learn informally C: a 2 b 1 c 3

B: 1 d 2 a 3 e 4 b 5 c

1
Listening: Listening:
B: A:
Martin was late because he had left his book at home Karim: a bit down, worried, upset; Belinda: fed up,
so he went home to get it, spent ages banging on the stressed; Alisha: great, pleased.
door and then missed a train.
Anna was late because she was phoning round a few B:
places looking for a flat before class. Karims mother is ill; Belinda has to find somewhere
new to live, Alisha has finished her exams.
Grammar:
A:
1 was crying pp. 16-17
2 was he doing; were building Reading:
3 was chatting C:
4 was having 1 He felt lonely and depressed and wanted to do
5 was sorting out something different.
6 was looking for; was driving 2 He felt rather pessimistic and vulnerable.
3 A woman whose dog had died and for whom this
Speaking: was the anniversary of the death of her daughter.
A: Suggested answer 4 He became famous through the Internet site
Steve had a very stressful time trying to get to his YouTube.
exam on time. When he woke up, he was shocked to 5 He was told at school he could not do this kind of
find he had overslept. He had been studying the night work; he learns from other peoples mistakes as well
before and had not gone to bed until 3 am. He got up as his own.
really quickly and went to the bus stop. He waited for 6 He thinks many people need someone to listen to
a while, but the bus didnt come and so he got a taxi. and comfort them but are too embarrassed to ask
Unfortunately, the traffic was terrible and they got a professional.
stuck in a traffic jam. Steve decided to walk but when
he looked for his wallet to pay the driver, he realised D:
he had left it at home. The taxi driver was shouting at meaningful connections
him but he got out of the taxi and ran to the college. desperate attempt
When he arrived at the college, the exam had already international star
started and the other students were all writing. Steve miserable year
had only written half a page when the invigilator told true identity
them to stop. social skills
professional help
original plan
02 FEELINGS
Vocabulary:
pp. 14-15 A:
Vocabulary: 1 relaxing 4 inspiring
A: 2 annoying 5 confusing
Picture 1: The child could be exhausted, furious, 3 exciting 6 disappointing
upset, fed up, in a bad mood; the father could be
stressed, furious, annoyed, in a bad mood; the Grammar:
mother could feel terrible, guilty, worried, stressed; A:
the other people could be annoyed, fed up. 1 confused 4 bored
Picture 2: The man could be pleased, in a good mood, 2 interesting 5 embarrassing
disappointed (but pretending to be pleased); the 3 disappointing 6 scary
other people could be relaxed, pleased (and down,
fed up if they wish they were retiring). B:
1 girl with yellow T-shirt
Grammar: 2 girl with black hair
A: 1 d 2 b 3 h 4 g 5 c 6 e 7 f 8 a 3 boy with green T-shirt
4 girl with brown hair
5 boy with glasses
6 blond boy at back
2
03 TIME OFF
pp. 18-19 pp. 20-21
Listening: Vocabulary:
A/B: A:
Louise: stressed, exhausted, shocked 1 lake 6 castle
Sarah: mysterious, happy, annoyed 2 market 7 theme park
3 square 8 old town
C: 4 palace 9 ruins
Louise: stressed and exhausted because of working 5 galleries 10 mosque
long hours; shocked when she hears Sarahs going
out with her boss (and when she sees him). B:
Sarah: mysterious because she doesnt want to talk a outside of town c down by the river
about her new boyfriend / boss; happy because she b out in the west d all along the coast
loves her new job. Annoyed because people think she
Listening:
got the job because of her relationship with the boss.
B:
Discussed: St Marys Church, Auschwitz, Kazimierz,
Grammar (Present continuous):
Nowa Huta.
A:
Claire decides to take the 2 oclock tour of Nowa
1 am working / are finishing
Huta.
2 are you doing? Are you window shopping?
3 Im (just) meeting C:
4 Im seeing 1 wonder
5 are you being 2 thinking
6 Im not getting; Im (just) doing 3 recommend
7 are you doing 4 on what it depends on what you like
8 were going 5 fan a big fan of
6 could you could try . . .
B: 7 How about . . .
1 a 1, 2, 5, 6 b 3, 4, 7, 8 8 book / place I can call and book you a place
2 5 because being means behaving / acting in this
case see grammar reference p. 138 Developing Conversations:
A:
Grammar: A Im thinking of doing some shopping today. Can you
A: recommend anywhere?
1 How is your course going? Are you still enjoying it? B Well, you could try Oxford Street. There are lots of
2 What are you doing now? Do you fancy going for a big department stores there.
coffee? A To be honest, Im not really a big fan of department
3 What is your sister doing these days? Is she still stores.
studying? B Oh, OK. Well, in that case, how about Portobello
4 Are you working this weekend? Do you want to go Road? Its a really big street market. You can find lots
for a picnic? of bargains there.
5 Do I need a coat? Is it still raining outside? A Oh, that sounds great. I love that kind of thing. Is it
6 What are you doing here? Do you work near here? easy to get to?
(or, Are you working near here?) B Yes, very. Here. Ill show you on the map.
7 What are you doing? Are you waiting to be served? A Im thinking of doing some sightseeing today. Can
8 What is the matter with her? Why is she shouting at you recommend anywhere?
me? B Well, you could try the local museum. Thats quite
close to here. Theyve got lots of interesting things in
B: there. A Right. Im not really into museums, to be
1g 2e 3f 4a 5b 6h 7d 8c honest.
B Thats OK. In that case, how about going to the
Roman ruins down by the lake? There are also some
nice cafes and you can swim there.
A Oh, that sounds better. Is it expensive to get into?
B No, its quite cheap. It should be only about $10.
3
B:
pp. 22-23 Answers Cristina Andrew
Vocabulary: Plans Italy, Sicily, Work, lunch with
B: holiday, beach, parents, picnic,
1 missed, lost 5 upset, threw up suntan, village on beach
2 stole, spoilt 6 ripped off, charged coast, Palermo
3 crowded, space 7 arguing, angry Weather Pour down, wet. Hot, sunny,
4 poured, windy 8 stuck, hours 27 degrees

Reading: Grammar:
C: B: 1 a 2 a 3 b 4 d 5 a, c 6 a 7 b, d
1 Because it is the busiest weekend of the year and
there are problems: traffic, delays, overcrowding and C:
stress / arguments. 1 thinking 5 s got
2 Unions are complaining that there are not enough 2 ll 6 might
public holidays in the UK, compared with other 3 might 7 going to
countries and that many workers are not getting their 4 meeting 8 ve got to
legal holiday entitlement.
3 The Union wants the government to declare three
new public holidays. 04 INTERESTS
4 Karoshi is Japanese for dying from overwork. It is
mentioned because many Japanese workers do not pp. 26-27
take their full holiday entitlement because they have Vocabulary:
too much work on. A:
5 The high number of holidays in Puerto Rico cause 1 I stayed in and studied / took it easy / tidied up.
higher costs, higher unemployment and higher prices, Concept check took it easy = relaxed.
according to businesses. 2 I played on the computer / golf / tennis.
3 I went clubbing / cycling / walking in the country.
D: Concept check clubbing = going out to nightclubs /
millions: people stuck in traffic discos, usually involving drinking and dancing.
eight: bank holidays, 20 days of holiday entitlement 4 I went for a meal / a ride on my bike / a swim.
One: holiday cancelled in France 5 I went to the cinema / Karens house for dinner /
16: public holidays in Slovenia a bar to watch the football.
three: amount of new public holidays union wants
hundreds: people getting sunburnt Elicit which answer is not correct and why, i.e.:
twenty-one: government workers holidays in Puerto 1 played football (not possible I was in the house)
Rico 2 roller-blading (used with go not play, should be I
went roller-blading)
3 I went a run (should be I went for a run)
pp. 24-25 4 I went for a gym (should be I went to the gym)
Vocabulary: 5 I went to shopping (should be I went shopping)
A:
1c 2d 3f 4a 5b 6e 7h 8g B:
Possible answers
Listening: 1 I stayed in and watched TV / listened to music / the
A: radio / read a book / sent some emails / made some
Andrew said it was worrying probably because it is phone calls / cooked dinner, etc.
unnatural for the weather to be so hot at this time of 2 I played cards / chess / poker / volleyball /
year (Easter) and this is probably the result of global basketball, etc.
warming. 3 I went shopping / jogging / swimming / running /
Cristina said it was annoying because she is sightseeing, etc.
going to miss it. She will be in Italy where the forecast 4 I went for a drink / a sandwich / a coffee / a run,
is not good. etc.
5 I went to the theatre / a restaurant / the gym / my
friends, etc.

4
Listening: Grammar:
A: A:
1 B stayed in and went to bed early last night. 1 Rika usually practises all the techniques for at least
2 D went shopping on Saturday (at the weekend). an hour a day.
3 F went to the cinema and saw The Lives of Others 2 After her injury, Rika didnt fi ght for a couple of
(a German film) after seeing E. months.
3 Shes been doing quite a lot of yoga for the last few
Grammar: months.
A: 4 She used to get into fi ghts when she was at school.
1 all 2 every 3 quite 4 that 5 hardly 6 d 7 used to 5 Shes been doing judo ever since she was a kid.

B: B: for, since, present perfect (continuous), past


1 A So, do you read much?
B Yeah, all the time. I read at least a book a week. C:
2 A Do you go swimming a lot? 1 since; for 4 were you
B Yeah, nearly every day, unless Im really busy. 2 for 5 have you been; Since
3 A Do you go to the cinema much? 3 ever since; Ive been 6 did you do; Until
B Yeah, quite a lot. I probably go once every two
weeks.
4 A How often do you play games on the computer? pp. 30-31
B Not that often, actually. Its not really my kind of Developing Conversations:
thing. A:
5 A So how often do you go to the gym? A: Do you listen to music much?
B Hardly ever now, to be honest. Today was the first B: Yeah, all the time.
time in ages. I used to go more often. A: What kind of music are you into?
6 A Do you ever watch your favourite team play? B: All sorts really but mainly pop music and R & B.
B Yeah, but not as much as Id like to. A: Oh right. Anyone in particular?
7 A Do you eat out a lot? B: Erm, I dont know . . . Girls Rock!, Soul Train, stuff
B Not as much as we used to. Before we were like that.
married we went out all the time. A: So have you bought anything good recently?
B: Well, I downloaded this great song by K Boy. Its
Developing Conversations: fantastic.
A:
1 tennis 5 table tennis Stuff like that = that kind of thing
2 football 6 judo All sorts = every kind
3 swimming 7 skiing Mainly = mostly, especially
4 roller-blading 8 basketball Anyone in particular? = (Do you like) one group or
musician / singer especially?
Have you bought anything good recently? = Have you
pp. 28-29 bought a good single / album / CD recently?
Listening: What kind of music are you into? = Do you like?
B:
1 Because she was in a judo tournament which was Vocabulary:
shown on TV. A:
2 She practises every day. Suggested answers
3 Because Rika doesnt like talking about it she is 1 pop
too modest. 2 hip-hop, techno, heavy metal, R&B
3 heavy metal
C: 1 T 2 F 3 F 4 T 5 F 6 F 7 T 8 F 4 classical, jazz
5 pop, blues
Vocabulary: 6 pop, R&B
A: 7 blues, folk, classical
1 unfit 5 broke 8 any
2 stiff 6 banged 9 pop, salsa, classical, R&B
3 pulled 7 bloody 10 blues
4 beat 8 fell
5
Reading: 12 You cant hurt a car you can damage it. You can
B: only hurt people or animals.
The first person liked Hey Jude because its good to 13 To practise is to try to improve at something by
sing along to and he learnt English through the doing it or parts of it. To play is to actually do it, often
Beatles; Love Phantom because they were great live. in competition with others.
The second person liked A Little Less Conversation 14 You might need cheering up if you were sad,
because it reminds her of her time in Amsterdam. depressed or upset.
The third person likes The Four Seasons though 15 Bills or payments can be due, library books can be
parts are sad because it reminds him of life; Limn Y due, assignments can be due.
Sal because it cheers him up.
The fourth person likes I Wanna Be Like You Pronunciation:
because it makes her brother laugh; Underneath A/B:
because her sister likes it. cheek relief hurt confirm sort
The fifth person does not like My Heart Will Go On rip skills exhausted
because it is commercial and sentimental; he dislikes pull bully bang accent
The Birdie Song because its catchy and annoying. boots due hum wonder
upset therapist spa marks
C: gallery attempt loss mosque
1 Natalia 4 Toshi
2 Kevin 5 Natalia Connected Speech:
3 Corina 6 Kari, Kevin B:
e = elision (where the sound disappears)
D: c = catenation (where the consonant of one
1 along 6 background word appears to join the following vowel sound).
2 live 7 do
3 reminds 8 sentimental 1 At least-e, least youre-c
4 comes / is put 9 done 2 Fair enough-c
5 match 3 sure itll-c, sort itself-c, itself out-c
4 think Ill-c, join you-c
5 not worth-e, worth it-c
01 REVIEW 6 Apart from-e
7 Not as-c, as I-c
pp. 32-34 8 Whenever I-c, get the-e
Quiz: 9 Ten years-c, on and-c, and off-c
1 A head teacher runs a school. 10 On in-c
2 Holding hands: what couples or a parent and child 11 cant get-e, get it-c, it out-c
do. Shaking hands: what people do when they meet. 12 it doesnt-e
3 You can sort out problems, your finances, a mess,
4 You feel annoyed / cheated when you get ripped Listening:
off because someone is stealing from you or A: a 2 b 3 c 4 d - e 1
overcharging you. B: a 2 b 3 c 1 d - e 4
5 You would be in a rush (hurry) because you are late
/ short of time. You would rush someone to hospital Grammar:
after an accident / if they are at risk. 1 look 11 fell
6 No, it isnt good to get sunburnt it means 2 since 12 had
overexposed to the sun. 3 do 13 go
7 You would ignore someone you didnt like you 4 used 14 at
would avoid or not speak to them. 5 started 15 are
8 People boast about their achievements, their 6 been 16 going
qualifications, their children, their jobs, their salaries.. 7 had 17 to
9 Cars, marriages, relationships and boilers can break 8 happened 18 will
down. 9 got / arrived 19 might / could / may
10 You need to warm up before exercise or sport. 10 running 20 call / ring / text / email / contact
11 You get promoted to a better job or higher
position.

6
Present Perfect Questions and Answers: 05 WORKING LIFE
1 walked round
2 m meeting / am meeting Vocabulary:
3 ll probably / will probably stay A:
4 ve been / have been estate agent
5 s / is supposed to be security guard
plumber
-in/ -ed Adjectives: labourer
1 disappointed electrician
2 scary; terrified surgeon
3 fascinating
4 moving B:
5 depressing; uplifting competitive = lots of people want it / try to get it
well-paid = it has a good salary
Developing Conversations: rewarding = makes you feel you are doing
1f 2a 3g 4h something worthwhile or useful
5d 6b 7c 8e insecure = could suddenly come to an end
responsibility = duty to take charge or deal with
Collocations: Something
1e 2g 3f 4b 5j creative = having the ability to invent original or
6 c 7 i 8 a 9 d 10 h new ideas
stressful = causing stress or anxiety
Language Patterns: physically demanding = requiring a lot of physical
1 How much did that cost, if you dont mind me energy or strength
asking? varied = having a lot of different aspects
2 Id rather not sit in the front row, if you dont mind. paperwork = documents, reports and forms that
3 We didnt expect to have such / so much difficulty need completing
finding the place.
4 I only brought a T-shirt as I expected that it would Listening:
be warmer. A:
5 It depends on my dad whether I can go out or not. 1 Amanda works as a graphic designer for a mobile
6 It depends how much it costs. phone company, Ivan is a student
7 She goes swimming every day if she isnt busy / 2 Ivan worked for a law firm before, Amanda worked
unless shes busy. for a company that designed websites
8 I never managed to win not even once! 3 Ivan wants to be a civil servant (as its a job for life)
4 Amanda is 33, Ivan 30
Forming Words:
1 accommodation B:
2 response 1 in 5 meet
3 loss 2 get into 6 something
4 heat 3 applied 7 stressful
5 entitlement 4 moments 8 under

Vocabulary: Vocabulary:
1 beaten A: 1 c 2 e 3 d 4 b 5a
2 lost
3 attempting Developing Conversations:
4 set B:
5 highlight It can be (yes / but . . .)
6 evidence Not really
7 increases Yeah, it is
8 linked
9 making

7
pp.38-39 C:
Grammar: Human guinea pigs 2, 3
A: Embalmers 4, 6, 8
1 have to 6 dont have to Call centre workers 5, 7 and possibly 4 though this
2 dont have to 7 have to is not explicitly stated
3 can 8 can Recycling plant worker 1, 3
4 have to 9 have to
5 can D:
Human guinea pigs can be quick and easy way of
C: making money, helping science
1 lifeguard 4 farmer Embalmers rewarding, families are grateful
2 optician 5 tour guide Call centre workers good money, hard to find jobs
3 vet 6 firefighter in Mumbai
Recycling plant worker likes colleagues, has a
Listening: laugh
B: 1 7 2 1 33
E:
C: 1 get 5 grateful
send personal emails 2 cramped 6 wage
get a computer virus 3 way 7 effects
infect the whole system 4 slammed 8 average
work in a law firm
have a strict dress code Vocabulary:
wear smart trousers A:
have a quick word Im even used to the smell now (embalmer)
perform in a school concert I even got used to being dirty all the time (recycling
ask at short notice plant worker)

Grammar: B:
A: 1 Im used to it
1 Youre not allowed to 2 Im slowly getting used to it / getting used to it
2 Im supposed to slowly
3 I have to / Im allowed to 3 Ill just have to get used to it
4 supposed to 4 took me a while to get used to it
5 We are allowed to 5 Im totally used to it now
6 shouldnt really 6 I dont think Ill ever get used to
7 I should really
8 Youre not really supposed to

B: 06 GOING SHOPPING
Youre not allowed to carry a knife / anything sharp
/ liquid in your hand luggage. Youre not allowed to pp. 42-43
bring in / smuggle in anything illegal. Vocabulary:
You shouldnt really / youre not supposed to lie on A:
the grass / to take your dog on the grass. opinion how things are produced material
Youre not allowed to come in wearing trainers. You
beautiful hande-made clay
should really wear smart clothes.
lovely hand-printed leather
gorgeous hand-painted Silk
pp. 40-41
horrible machine-woven wooden
Reading:
cute carved plastic
A:
1 The author wrote the article because of a television tacky
programme starting about terrible jobs in the 19th
century.
2 The rest of the article gives examples and details of
terrible jobs in the present.
8
C: pp. 46-47
1 beautiful 5 lovely hand-painted Listening:
hand-printed silk 6 lovely silver B:
2 tacky plastic 7 traditional hand- 1 The Brain Police
3 nice clay carved 2 Yes
4 really cute 8 little hand-woven 3 Because theyve only been on sale for a day.
4 Because he wants to take his girlfriend, who is a big
Listening: fan.
A: 5 Try an online auction e.g. eBay or a ticket tout
Tourist expensive, has seen similar ones for less outside the venue.
money, hasnt got much money left 6 Negatively: the online auction tickets may be
Seller good quality, real silk / hand-woven, it will expensive and the touts tickets may be fake.
last, he wont make any money, he has children, his
wife will kill him Grammar:
A: 1b 2c 3a
Developing Conversations: B: 1 b, d, f 2 a, g, h 3 c, e, i
A: 1 c 2 b 3 a 4 f 5 e 6 d
D:
Listening: 1 must
A: 2 must
Features N5703 S620 3 mustnt
Kind of battery? Lithium Nickel cadmium 4 mustnt
Camera (mega-pixels)? Yes - 3 Yes - 1.7 5 must
Comes with Yes No
6 must
memory card?
7 mustnt
Comes with MP3? Yes No
Minutes: free calls? 150 200
8 mustnt
Number of free 100 150 9 must
text messages? 10 mustnt

C: Developing Conversations:
1 The N5705 is much better quality. A:
2 The lithium battery lasts a lot longer than the other Conversation 1
one. A Im thinking of trying to get tickets for the match
3 The camera on the N5705 is almost twice as tonight.
powerful. B Its totally sold out. Youve got no chance. I guess
4 With the memory card the N5705 stores far more you could go and hang around outside the stadium
photos than the S620. and buy them from a ticket tout.
5 The sound quality of the MP3 is slightly worse than C You dont want to do that. Its illegal. You might get
on a normal player. arrested. Id try the Internet instead.
A No, its too late for that. They wont be able to
deliver the tickets in time.
pp. 44-45 Conversation 2
Vocabulary: A I want to get a present for my girlfriend before I go
A: back.
1 belt the others are all jewellery B Just get something at the airport in Duty Free.
2 skirt the others are all tops C No, I wouldnt do that! Its more expensive. Youd
3 earrings the others are all clothes be better getting something in town.
4 socks the others are all footwear (socks go under B There isnt time! He doesnt want to miss the
them) plane!
5 T-shirt the others are all things you wear when its A Its OK. My flights not till three. I think Ive got
cold time. Wheres the best place to go?
6 scruffy the others are all positive
7 tight this is about fit but the others are all about
pattern, colour or design

9
07 SCHOOL AND STUDYING 6 Because Pushkin said that an important aspect of
learning any subject was inspiration or being inspired.
Vocabulary:
A: B:
a essay d seminar e g deadline go through = look at and read again
b tutor(s) lecture h modules thick = not very intelligent
c exams f workload pushy = strongly encourage someone to do
something
Developing Conversations: bright = very intelligent, smart
A: points to = shows something as an example
1 Ive had a few ups and downs of course, but the relevant = important to the topic
tutors have been very helpful and supportive. recite = say something back
2 Quite well, actually. The lectures can be quite parenthood = to be a mother or father
boring but the seminar work in groups is great. core (in core subject) = a main subject
3 OK, but Ive got my final exams next week, so Im rigid = unbending
having to do lots of revision at the moment.
4 OK, but Im really busy. I have to hand in an essay Vocabulary
next week and if I miss the deadline Ill fail. A:
5 Actually Im struggling at the moment. I just cant Education, educate Appreciation, appreciate
cope with the workload. Its really demanding. Failure, fail Encouragement,
6 To be honest, Im finding it really difficult. The Achievement, achieve encourage
modules Im doing this term are really hard! Calculation, calculate Inspiration, inspire

Listening:
A: pp. 52-53
1 enjoying it 3 get on with 5 do you finish Vocabulary:
2 kind of things 4 like 6 you decided A:
1teacher could also be student positive; patient =
B: calm, not easily annoyed
1 Its hard work but shes enjoying it. 2 school negative; rough = unpleasant, difficult,
2 Different kinds of shoppers and the relationship dangerous
between advertising and shopping. 3 student positive; studious = hardworking
3 Mostly really nice and friendly (one or two guys 4 teacher positive
who never talk to anyone or help). 5 school positive; reputation = what people think or
4 Great helpful and dedicated. say about it
5 In April. 6 teacher negative; traditional (here) = old-
6 Take a long holiday and go travelling in India, Asia fashioned
and Australia. 7 teacher positive; he really pushes us = he makes
us work hard
8 student negative; she never pays attention = she
pp. 50-51 doesnt show any interest
Reading: 9 school positive; discipline = strictness, practice of
A: making people obey rules
1 Reading the book Affluenza and thinking about her 10 student (or teacher) negative; she thinks she
daughters behaviour. knows it all = she has a high opinion of herself
2 Because she is concerned that her education is 11 school positive headmaster = head of school
making her unhappy and obsessed with grades or (male) headmistress female. Both now usually
results. called head teacher.
3 Because that is something she learnt at school that 12 teacher positive; encouraging = gives you hope
she no longer remembers. or confidence about your achievements
4 Because this covers some of the more practical 13 student positive; bright = intelligent
things the writer would have liked to have learnt at 14 student negative; skip classes = miss classes
school but did not. 15 teacher positive; lively = dynamic
5 Because it is an example of students taking 16 school negative; facilities = buildings, equipment
responsibility for their own learning and or services
development.
10
Listening: 08 EATING
A:
Conversation 1: b Conversation 3: c pp. 54-55
Conversation 2: d Conversation 4: a Vocabulary:
A:
B: Stir-frying curry / vegetables; slicing courgettes /
1 She is annoyed because her pupils behave badly. vegetables; mashing potatoes; steaming fish; grating
She is advised to be strict but fair. chocolate; roasting meat; deep-frying chips / fish;
2 She is unhappy because she didnt get the score she boiling broccoli / pasta; marinating chicken
wanted in her English test (probably IELTS), which she
needed to start a Masters course. She is going to ask B:
if they will accept her with a 6 instead of 6.5. 1 spicy curry / stir-fry
3 The lecturer explains that students cannot miss 2 fattening mashed potato / deep-fried chips / fish,
deadlines unless there is a family crisis affecting close chocolate cakes
family members, or the student is ill and has a 3 tasty curry, roast meat, kebabs, chocolate
doctors certificate. 4 greasy deep-fried chips / fish
4 The parent is happy because her daughter is doing 5 bland mashed potato, steamed broccoli
much better at her new school than she was at her 6 filling cake, mashed potato, chips
old one.
Listening:
C: B: He orders Ceviche and Seco De Cabrito.
1 dont pay attention; whispering to each other; gain
their respect D:
2 misread one of the questions; lowered my score; 1 afraid 6 thinly; served
re-take the test 2 through 7 like; spicier
3 miss a deadline; make an exception; accept any 3 stuffed 8 kind
excuses 4 tender; juicy 9 tasty
4 push the kids; skipping classes; has a very good 5 for
reputation

Grammar: pp. 56-57


A/B: Reading:
1 If I try to explain something, they sit whispering to A:
each other. Group A:
present; if clause: present simple, 1 Spain and America; 2 Isabella Glasgow,
main clause: present simple Scotland (studying there), Ian Taiwan (wife is from
2 If they talk, send them to the headmaster. Taipei); 3 Isabella likes haggis, the variety of food
could refer to present i.e. whenever they . . . or available; Ian likes street snacks, the variety of veggie
future i.e. next time they . . . if clause: present simple, (vegetarian) food available, sharing dishes; 4 Isabella
main clause: imperative misses olive oil; Ian misses splitting the bill; 5 Isabella
3 If they dont accept me on the course, Ill either re- finds eating times and drinking without eating
take the test or I might look for another Masters. strange; Ian finds the fact that people are surprised
future; if clause: present simple negative, main he can use chopsticks annoying; 6 Isabella will never
clause: will + base form, might + base form get used to bread and butter with everything, deep
4 If you miss a deadline that your tutor has set, you fried food; Ian to stinky tofu and men always paying
will be given a zero. the bill
could refer to present i.e. whenever they . . . or Group B:
future i.e. next time they . . . if clause: present simple, 1 Taiwan and Scotland; 2 Ya-Wen America; Alan
main clause: will + base form Spain; 3 Ya-Wen likes Taiwanese restaurants, health
5 If you have any problems which are affecting your food shops; Alan likes olive oil on bread, cooking
coursework, you should contact the school fresh food, eating out, tapas; 4 Ya-Wen misses rice;
counseling service. Alan misses vegetables, food from other countries
future; if clause: present simple, main clause: should e.g. curry; 5 Ya-Wen finds big portions strange; Alan
+ base form finds vegetarian dishes with meat in them strange; 6
Ya-Wen will never get used to steak with blue cheese
C: get / Ill probably do; have / Ill go; Ill have to sauce; Alan to eating so late
11
C: Vocabulary:
1 off-putting A:
2 split 1 overate
3 starving 2 overcharged
4 unadventurous 3 overdid
5 mouldy 4 overheated
6 turn out to be 5 overestimated
7 spreading 6 overcooked
8 ready 7 overreacted
8 overslept
Grammar:
Grammar:
A:
A:
1 My family tends to eat a lot of ready meals, as both
past
my parents work full time.
present
2 We tend not to (dont tend to) keep food which is
would
left over after dinner.
might
3 People here tend to eat food with their hands.
4 I tend to skip breakfast during the week unless I
C:
have a late start at work.
1 would taste, were (or
5 Our family tends not to (doesnt tend to) eat out
was)
unless its a special occasion.
2 would be, had
6 People tend not to (dont tend to) leave tips here
3 would explode, ate
unless it was an exceptionally good meal.
4 would help, did
7 I tend not to (dont tend to) have a dessert when I
5 would be, told
go out for dinner.
6 would look, painted, changed
8 People here tend to avoid making any noises while
theyre eating. Its seen as bad manners.
Speaking:
9 I tend not to (dont tend to) have time to have a big
B:
lunch so I tend to just / just tend to have a sandwich.
1 Anorexia
2 A girl who was voted off a top model TV show in
Germany because she was too fat
pp. 58-59
3 Banning adverts with thin models and using more
Listening:
normal-sized models
A:
1 the music is too loud in the bar on the corner, the
restaurant further away has a terrace with a view
over the river and good snacks
2 they might attract more customers
3 the sauce on his fish is too spicy / overpowering,
the other persons steak is very tender
4 they have been waiting for the bill for ages and the
food was not very good

B:
1 a looks out over
1 b do
1 c an appetite
2 a limited
2 b inviting
3 a overpowers
3 b tender
4 a deserve
4 b generous

12
02 REVIEW Adverbs and Prepositions:
1 as 6 under
pp. 60-63 2 in 7 in
Quiz 3 off 8 on
1 You might not be accepted because you are 4 at 9 round
unsuitable or not qualified enough or the course 5 to 10 on
could be full.
2 No, tacky isnt nice. It is generally cheap and in poor Collocation:
taste. 1 scruffy 4 rewarding
3 You might upgrade your qualifications or your car 2 deserted 5 silk
because you want to improve them. 3 struggling 6 limited
4 A school in a poor area might be described as rough
because there is violence or aggressive behavior Developing Conversations:
there. 1 but, whereas, while; one, phone, type, model
5 The opposite of bright is slow / thick / dim. 2 kind, type, sort; like
6 Postgraduate courses lead to a Masters or PhD. 3 must; should, would, can
They are second or third degrees. 4 going; hand
7 You work in Human Resources: you look after the
staff or personnel of a company. Verb Noun Collocations:
8 You should pay them back. 1 ask for / split the bill
9 suit: it doesnt look good on you, fit: it is the wrong 2 cheat in / fail an exam
size 3 owe / save money
10 It could look or smell disgusting. 4 ask for / fill in an application form
11 Because it isnt making a profit, it is making a loss 5 drop / pick up litter
and running up debts; it may not have enough 6 skip / have breakfast
customers. 7 leave / deserve a tip
12 There is not enough space. 8 get into / pay back debt
13 It might be dangerous or not effective. 9 set / break the rules
14 They force their children to do certain things, 10 extend / miss the deadline
particularly to achieve success.
Forming Words:
15 sugar / potatoes / rice / pasta / oil / fatty foods
1 competitive
2 supportive
Listening:
3 adventurous
A:
4 practical
1 chef 4 businessman
5 studious
2 model 5 factory worker
6 knowledgeable
3 teacher
7 pushy
8 encouraging
B: a 4 b 5 c 2 d 3 e 1
9 varied
10 risky
Grammar: Vocabulary:
1 cant hand in 1 owe
2 are supposed to tell me 2 account(s)
3 are allowed to use 3 wage
4 I wouldnt go 4 avoid
5 have to queue / wait in the queue 5 without
6 dont have to 6 sales
7 mustnt 7 homework
8 Am I allowed / Are we allowed / Are you allowed 8 points
9 tend
Conditionals: 10 workload
1c 2d 3b 4d
5d 6d 7a 8a

13
09 HOUSES Developing Conversations:
1 His bedrooms tiny. Its about half the size of mine.
pp. 64-65 2 The kitchens enormous. Its three times the size of
Vocabulary: mine.
A: 3 The bathrooms OK. Its about the same size as
Illustrated: swimming pool, gas central heating, yours maybe a little bigger.
back garden, roof terrace, garage, patio, open fire, 4 Theyve got a huge garden. Its twice the size of
balcony, tiled floor, basement. yours.
Not illustrated: courtyard 5 Theyve got a small basement. Its a similar size to
this room maybe a little smaller.
C: 6 Theyve got a lovely front room. Its twice as wide
1 cramped = doesnt have much space as this room and maybe a little longer.
2 bright = has a lot of light
3 conveniently located = within easy reach of shops,
transport, etc. pp. 67-67
4 a shared flat = a flat where a number of friends (or Reading:
housemates) live together A:
5 run-down = old and in a bad condition Picture 1: a block of flats / new build homes could
6 spacious = having a lot of space (opposite of be social housing in inner cities (Top-down solutions).
cramped) Picture 2: shows someone building an extension (And
7 affordable = easy to pay the rent / mortgage bottom-up ones).
8 newly built = of recent construction, modern Picture 3: For Sale signs (whole article).
9 central = near or in the town centre Picture 4: containers
10 compact = small but well-designed, neat
C:
Listening: 1 F it is affordable
A: 2T
1 Their old place was too cramped they wanted 3T
separate rooms for their kids. 4T
2 The front room is huge and the whole place is 5 F demand has increased faster than supply
spacious, much bigger than the old place. It has a 6T
huge front room, a big kitchen, wooden floors, huge 7 F there has been a huge increase in this
windows, a balcony and a garden. 8T
3 Its quite run down / needs a lot of work done on it.
4 The old place was more central. E:
1 taking 5 gets
B: 2 rises 6 increase
1 Did I tell you I went round to see Nick and Carol the 3 protect 7 at
other day? 4 investments 8 tackling
2 I havent seen them for ages.
3 They said to say Hello to you.
4 Its quite a lot bigger than their old place. pp. 68-69
5 That must be nice for them. Vocabulary:
6 Thats the main reason they moved out. A:
7 I must go round and see them. 1 dead 6 posh
8 The only problem is, though, its not as central as 2 noisy 7 isolated
their old place was. 3 lively 8 dirty
4 rough 9 convenient
Pronunciation: 5 green 10 residential
The use of the auxiliary does. It is stressed to give
emphasis. The normal or neutral sentence would be:
Nick and Carols flat needs a bit of work done on it.
Emphasis is often used in sentences where there is a
contrast.

14
Listening: Developing Conversations:
A: A:
1 1 Yes 1 halfway 6 back
2 convenient for town centre, near the beach, quite 2 front 7 facing
cheap, better than it used to be 3 next 8 coming
3 a bit rough and run down, some crime (but less 4 at 9 towards
than before) 5 off 10 out
4 Its been cleaned up and the government has
invested money in it to improve facilities.
5 There used to be a lot of problems with drugs. pp. 72-73
2 1 Yes Vocabulary:
2 very green, residential, not much traffic, good for A:
kids spectacular positive
3 far from centre, noisy from airport touristy both
4 much noisier than it was before terrible negative
5 The airport expanded with the arrival of one of the dreadful negative
budget airlines. trendy both
dull negative
Grammar: weird both
A: amazing positive
1 better, it was marvellous positive
2 nowhere near as, there was incredible positive
3 not as quiet, it used to be terrific positive
4 fewer, there are brilliant positive
5 became, bigger
Reading:
Developing Conversations: B:
A: 1 d 2 c 3 a 4 f 5 b 6 e Spectacular scenery and lighting in opera
Incredible dance (the tango)
Trendy bar
10 GOING OUT Terrific cocktails
Weird dcor
Vocabulary: Touristy street
A: Amazing street life
1 an installation the others are all types or genres of
film. C:
2 a trailer the others are all types of painting. 1908 was when the Teatro Colon was built.
3 the painting the others are all aspects of film. Luana DeVol is the American soprano in the opera
4 an audience the others are all artists or do Electra.
creative work. The 19th century was when the tango was first
5 a gig the others are all types of play. created.
6 sculpture the others are all aspects of films or Broadway-no musical on Broadway (New York) is
plays. better than the show at Senor Tango.
Diego Maradona played for Boca Juniors and is one
C: 1 f 2e 3b 4d 5a 6c of the best-known footballers of all time.
You cant wear trainers and jeans at Opera Bay, the
Listening: citys most exclusive disco.
A: The dcor in the bar Mundo Bizarro is weird and
1 a Brazilian horror film wonderful.
2 zombies taking over Brasilia The steak at La Chacra steakhouse is the best on
3 9.10 p.m. and 12 midnight earth.
4 the Capitol They often dont finish dinner until around midnight.
There are many different kinds of street performers
in Avenida Florida.

15
D: 11 THE NATURAL WORLD
1 cast = group of actors
2 birthplace = where it began pp. 76-77
3 fusion = mix of things Listening:
4 authentic = genuine, real A:
5 catch = see 1 1 crows, parrot
6 squad = group of players from which team is chosen 2 snake, rat
7 exclusive = difficult to get in 3 lizards
8 crowd = group of people 2 1 The crows were chasing a parrot.
9 keen = enthusiastic, dedicated 2 The snake was lying across the road and the rat
10 stroll = walk for pleasure was eating it.
3 The lizards were running out of the bushes.
E: 3 1 sorry, sympathetic, concerned
1 exclusive 6 stroll 2 disgusted, shocked
2 authentic 7 catch
3 keen 8 cast B: a 2 b1 c3 d3 e2 f1 g3 h1 i2
4 birthplace 9 fusion
5 squad 10 crowd Developing Conversations:
A:
1 What?
pp. 74-75 2 What was that?; Seriously?
Vocabulary: 3 What was that doing there?
A: 1 b 2 a 3 e 4 c 5 d 6 g 7 h 8 f 4 So what happened in the end?

Listening: Grammar:
A: 1 film 2 club 3 play A:
B: 1 I saw a fox in the street eating an old kebab.
1 no; yes because her boyfriend Hans was late and 2 I could hear a large animal of some kind moving
there was a long queue for the gig, so they went to around in the bushes.
a club instead; yes because her friend had a spare 3 As we were walking along I saw an eagle circling
ticket for the theatre right above us.
2 yes good film; no awful club; yes brilliant and 4 I couldnt sleep because my grandmothers parrot
moving play was making a dreadful noise all night.
3 no; no; yes 5 When we were camping I saw a huge lizard lying on
a rock in the sun.
Grammar: 6 The bear was lying beneath a tree sleeping.
A: 7 I once saw a wolf disappearing into a forest.
2 Ill pick you up at 7. 8 I went into the bathroom and there was a snake in
3 We arent going to get in. the corner hissing at me.
4 Im going to stay in.
5 Ill go with you.
pp.78-79
B: 1 to; would; was 2 were; would 3 would; would C:
C: Headlines:
2 They were going to have a barbecue but it started A Mass extinctions predicted
pouring with rain so they had to cook indoors B Illegal animal trade moves into cyberspace
instead. C Man arrested for smuggling animal skulls
3 We were going to go to the beach for the day but D Back from the point of extinction
we missed the train so we ended up going to the park
instead. Fill the gaps:
4 She was going to give me a lift but the car wouldnt 1 destroyed by global warming 5 skeleton
start so I got a taxi instead. 2 hunting and trading 6 tiger skins
5 I was going to walk here but it started pouring with 3 endangered species 7 reintroduced
rain so I had to drive. 4 organised criminal gangs 8 bred
6 I was going to stay in and study but a friend called
so I went out to meet him.
16
D: Listening:
1 a global warming, destruction of habitats, hunting A:
and trading 1 F hell sell them or give them away
b global warming 2T
2 a to check online trading sites for illegal animal 3 F her parents still have it (a cat)
trading 4T
b because its relatively safe and makes it possible to 5 F it eats mice
reach large numbers of potential buyers easily 6 F he doesnt want to have his picture taken with
3 a they were part of his hobby the
b the police thought he was smuggling them into the snake
country to sell them 7T
4 a because horses have always been very important
in the country B:
b because some were kept in zoos for breeding and 1 dogs they grow too big, demanding; cats only
their numbers increased interested in food; snakes terrifying, disgusting
2 answers will vary
Grammar: 3 it hid behind the cooker she had to offer it a
A: mouse to persuade it to come out
1 are currently threatened 4 answers will vary
2 were being offered
3 has been arrested Vocabulary:
4 was searched / the skeleton of a dolphin / were A:
found 1 freedom
5 is shown 2 destruction
3 extinction
B: 4 warnings
1 searched 5 threat
2 smuggled 6 investigation
3 taken
4 released B:
5 arrested To have / enjoy / give someone their freedom
6 kept Destruction of their habitats / the rainforest / the
planet
pp. 80-81 In danger of extinction / at risk of extinction /
Vocabulary: threatened with extinction
A: Repeated warnings / a health warning / a final
1 tank warning
2 aggressive A serious threat / an enormous threat /a real threat
3 kittens Under investigation / a police investigation / a
4 stroke thorough investigation
5 looking after
6 dry food Speaking:
7 the litter tray A:
8 size 1 Is it poisonous?
9 lick 2 What breed is it?
10 mess 3 Where do you keep it?
4 Can I stroke him?
5 Is it OK if I pick him up?
6 How long have you had it?
7 What do you feed it?
8 How long do they live for?

17
12 PEOPLE I KNOW river. It was fantastic.
4 I used to play basketball a lot. I would / used to
pp. 82-83 train twice a week. We would / used to have a match
Vocabulary: every Sunday. We won the league once.
A: 5 We used to sit together at school. We would always
1 bright 5 competitive 9 stubborn / always used to talk to each other. We would / used
2 outgoing 6 naughty 10 generous to pass each other notes and the teacher would /
3 shy 7 intense 11 spoilt used to tell us off.
4 easy-going 8 lazy 12 chatty
Listening:
Developing Conversations: B: a 3 b 1 c- d5 e2 f4
A: 1 e 2 c 3 b 4 d 5 a
C:
Listening: He has worked in a caf. He is Belgian. He has been to
A: England and Rome, where he was on an Erasmus
1 Because she went out to phone her brother as it programme. He used to have a girlfriend called
was his birthday. Sandra and he now has a girlfriend called Brigitta,
2 They both talk a lot / are very chatty. who he met at university and who hes been with for
3 Hes clever and bright but not intense. Hes friendly two years, though hes known her for longer. He once
and outgoing. shared a flat with Jef.
4 Hes lazy and a bit of a dropout and into politics. Hes outgoing, adventurous, bright, funny, likes
5 They used to be close but now they dont really get travelling, and has a lot of friends. Hes loyal to them.
on and she finds him a bit boring.
Vocabulary:
B: A:
1 disappear 5 close 1 stay 3 remain
2 exaggerating 6 demonstrations 2 keep 4 maintain
3 on 7 phase Stay and keep share the most collocations. The odd
4 won 8 out of one out is maintain.

Grammar:
pp. 84-85 A:
Grammar: I wish it hadnt taken so long to get together. / I wish
A: wed got together sooner.
We used to be quite close. We were both quite I wish I hadnt wanted to be the fi rst to apologise. /
sporty we would go to the beach a lot, wed play I wish I hadnt been so stubborn.
tennis together and that kind of thing but hes not
interested now.
pp. 86-87
B: Reading:
1 1 be 2 was 3 would 4 would 5 got A:
2 1 to 2 was 3 stayed/camped 1 b ( . . . there are also lots of things about it that
4 go 5 went 6 spent worry me . . . paragraph two)
3 1 used 2 go 3 would 4 got 2 a (If one more person . . . Ill scream! paragraph
three)
C: 3 b (people only want you to join these sites to make
1 My gran used to be / was very religious. She used to them look even more popular paragraph three)
/ would go to church every Sunday and she always 4 a (I worry . . . in the future. paragraph four)
made / would always make us say a prayer before 5 b (People drift apart because . . . worth staying in
dinner. touch! paragraph five)
2 My grandfather was / used to be very indulgent. 6 b (I dont need to go . . . when to go out.
He would always buy / always used to buy us sweets paragraph six)
and he would / used to let us watch TV all day.
3 When I was a kid we would / used to go to the
mountains every summer. We would / used to go
walking and we would / used to dive and swim in the
18
C: Expressing Regrets:
1 endlessly 5 drift apart 1 I wish I had known / met my grandfather.
2 distant friend 6 track down 2 I wish I hadnt told her how I felt.
3 paranoid 7 ego trip 3 I sometimes wish I had studied harder when I was
4 come across 8 struggle with at school.
4 I wish I had asked her out for a drink.
Speaking: 5 I wish we had had time to visit you when we were
A: in Milan.
1g 3c 5e 7f 9d
2h 4i 6a 8b 10 j Prepositions:
1 over 2 at 3 on 4 on 5 across
6 in 7 on 8 to 9 to 10 to
03 REVIEW
Language Patterns:
pp. 88-91 1 It still needs discussing / to be discussed more at
Quiz: the next meeting.
1 spacious or big / large 2 The whole place needs a good clean.
2 Prices, the birth rate, pay, the temperature can all 3 Its one of the worst films Ive ever seen in my life.
drop dramatically. 4 Its the nicest thing anybodys ever done for me.
3 Crime and violence happen in rough areas; 5 Suzhou is sometimes known as the Venice of the
buildings are run down; the streets are dirty. East.
4 A play could be a tragedy, a comedy, a history play, 6 Shes nice, but she can be quite intense sometimes.
a family drama, a mystery, etc. 7 You can be such an idiot sometimes.
5 Yes, terrific is good.
6 You feel uncomfortable, as if you dont belong, Passives:
perhaps in a new class or at a party where you dont 1 Police fear that drugs and guns are still being
know anyone. smuggled across the border.
7 keeping a promise. 2 Im afraid my flight has been delayed, so dont wait
8 birds, especially eagles, vultures or other birds of for me. Go home and Ill get a taxi to the hotel.
prey. 3 I just worry that all sorts of private details could be
9 tigers, Mongolian horses, some fish, e.g. cod, bees. posted online.
10 because they are looking for something or 4 The mosque was built in the twelfth century.
someone. 5 I had a horrible feeling I was being followed, so I
11 People exaggerate about their talents or started to run.
achievements 6 Some of the most beautiful parts of the country are
or sometimes about their injuries or accidents. slowly being destroyed by global warming.
12 Naughty kids might disobey or cheek their
parents, scribble / draw on walls, break a window, Developing Conversations:
13 People grow out of clothes, shoes, childhood 1 size 5 front
hobbies, habits. 2 possible 6 mood
14 Two friends might fall out because they disagree 3 mind 7 alive
about something or one gossips about the other or 4 long
lets the other down. Collocations:
15 You could track someone down by calling them on 1f 2g 3h 4a 5b 6c 7d 8e
their mobile phone or looking them up on social
networking sites, e.g. facebook. Forming Words:
1 extension 4 extinction
Listening: 2 investment 5 habitat
A: a 2 b - c3 d1 e4 3 shortage 6 independence
B: a 3 b 1 c4 d- e2
Vocabulary:
Grammar: 1 distance 6 sculptures 11 rounded
1 as good as 5 worse 2 terrace 7 exhibition 12 competitive
2 as dead as 6 less polluted 3 decorating 8 Gallery 13 chatty
3 bigger, bigger 7 as touristy as 4 potential 9 pleasantly 14 determined
4 more expensive 8 as noisy 5 portraits 10 venue 15 stubborn
19
13 TRAVEL Vocabulary:
A:
pp. 92-93 1 hanging around 5 pour down
Speaking: 2 go through 6 work out
A: 3 check-in 7 got back
1 a short excursion for the day 4 set off 8 calm down
2 travel for business purposes
3 day out shopping / with your school or class / B:
hunting (chasing animals) 1 set off 5 calm down
4 without much luggage 2 checked in 6 went through
5 on a long journey or series of journeys possibly 3 hang around 7 work out
in a number of countries 4 get back / in 8 pour down
6 a single trip

Vocabulary: pp. 94-95


A: Speaking:
By train carriage, line, platform A:
By ferry crossing, deck, harbour stamp = place a mark in your passport to say you
By car bend, tyre, traffic lights entered the country
By plane take-off, check-in desk, security visa = the document that shows you can legally enter
Note crossing could also belong to train (level a country
crossing) or car (pedestrian crossing). restrictions on immigration = letting fewer people not
originally from the country move there
Other possible words: bureaucracy = administration system operated by a
By train railway, station, compartment large number of officials
By ferry boat, port, foot passenger emigrate = leave your own country to live in another
By car traffic jam, motorway, crossroads refugee = people who are forced to leave their
By plane passport control, crew, customs country because of war, political / religious beliefs

C: Reading:
1 platform 5 crossing A:
2 deck 6 line 1 Its more difficult than it used to be.
3 tyre 7 security 2 People will always look for a better life abroad and
4 take-off 8 bend richer countries will always welcome them to do the
jobs they dont want to do. Immigrants often build
Listening: walls / fences which are designed to keep other
A: immigrants out.
1 plane /car 3 the needs of rich countries; poverty, curiosity, love,
2 weather, land or escaping war, famine or
1 They nearly missed the flight because of long persecution
queues at check-in and security.
2 It was very bumpy (turbulent) as they went through B:
a storm. 1 Vietnam
3 It was dark and the roads were slippery, she took 2 because they were a rich, anti-communist family
a wrong turning and got lost, she almost had an 3 sickness, claustrophobia, storms, pirates, getting
accident. caught
4 The captain took them to Malaysia and Mai-Ho
B: eventually got a visa to Australia.
huge queue
bumpy flight
terrifying experience / flight
slippery roads
wrong turning
stupid male driver
hurt the speaker (wasnt hurt)

20
D: I wouldnt have got so hot.
1 to put money into something in the hope of making 3 He crashed into a tree if he hadnt been driving so
more money (Mai-Hos family invested all their fast, he wouldnt have crashed.
money in a boat) (Note the use of continuous tense with drive to show
2 took away / removed (their boat was confiscated) the action went on for some time.)
3 gave them something to make them behave in a 4 We broke our new washing machine if wed read
certain way (Mai-Ho bribed government officials to the
get the boat back) instructions more carefully, we wouldnt have broken
4 treating people differently because of their sex / the washing machine.
race / sexuality / age / disability, etc. (many 5 We couldnt get in to the concert if wed booked
immigrants suffer racial discrimination) the
5 started / established (Mai-Ho set up two successful tickets in advance, we wouldve got into the concert.
businesses) 6 We missed the party because we already had
6 received the most votes / chosen (Mai-Ho was another
elected mayor of her town) arrangement if theyd told us about it sooner, we
7 because of / as a result of (individual refugees and wouldnt have missed it.
host nations develop thanks to immigration) 7 He set fire to the house if they hadnt left him on
his own, he wouldnt have set fire to the house.
Grammar: 8 Someone stole my bag if I hadnt left it there, they
A: wouldnt have stolen it.
been, never, have, had (past, would, participle)
Developing Conversations:
B: 1 d 2e 3b 4a 5f 6c A:
1 blame, should
2 my, taken, have
pp. 96-97 3 yours, been
Vocabulary: 4 fault, should
A: 5 myself, had
1d 3e 5c 7k 9l 11 i 6 have, fault
2f 4a 6b 8h 10 g 12 j

Listening: 14 TECHNOLOGY
A:
1 freezing the weather in Peru; amazing time pp. 98-99
2 filthy hotel room; horrible situation Vocabulary:
3 boiling (hot) the weather in Greece; horrible B:
being sunburnt 1 scanner 7 file
4 tiny the space in the hand baggage / luggage; 2 socket 8 screen
ridiculous having to pay an excess; huge the 3 menu 9 cable
queue at the desk 4 cursor 10 printer
5 plug 11 keyboard
B: 6 hard drive 12 mouse
1 thought more carefully thought South America
would be hot C:
2 looked around more it was late scan (something) in
3 stayed in the sun; put on some sun cream fell plug (something into) a socket
asleep in the sun drop-down menu
4 brought another suitcase had to pay extra for move the cursor over the image
excess weight a three-pin plug
external hard-drive
Grammar: delete a (really important) file
A: the screen (kept) freezing
1 They had a terrible crossing and were late for tripped over a cable
something, e.g. a wedding if wed gone by plane we the printer ran out of ink
wouldnt have missed the wedding. spill (something) all over the keyboard right click on
2 I got terribly hot if Id worn something lighter, the mouse
21
Pronunciation 8 T That hot new piece of technology you queued
A: all day to buy could well be out of date before too
IT = information technology long . . .
USB = universal serial bus
PC = personal computer E:
URL = uniform resource locator reveals = shows
RTF = rich text format non-starters = things which dont become a success
PDF = portable document format fallen out of use = stopped being used
DVD = digital video / versatile disc bitter = hard-fought, acrimonious
FAQs = frequently asked questions market share = proportion of people buying / using
ASAP = as soon as possible this
GPS = global positioning system product / service as opposed to a similar one
JPEG = joint photographic experts group vehicle = form of transport which is driven
WiFi = Wireless fidelity creator = person who creates or invents something
RAM = random access memory thus = in this way
CD-ROM = compact disc-read only memory
AIDS = acquired immune deficiency syndrome pp. 102-103
Vocabulary:
Listening: A:
A: 1 upgrade + powerful 7 set + switches
1 Her computer crashed yesterday and she seems to 2 100 GB + store 8 warns + dangerous
have lost all her important files. 3 screen + picture 9 allows + formats
2 The screen kept freezing and she kept having to 4 save + efficient 10 lighter + carry
re-start the computer. 5 saves + automatically 11 use + straightforward
3 Jirka suggests doing a search for the files and 6 design + cool 12 runs + greener
re-booting the computer (turning it off and on again).
4 She says shes tried it. B:
5 She says she should leave it and she will come and 1 computer or mobile phone
have a look at it. 2 computer
3 monitor / TV
4 light bulbs, solar panels
pp. 100-101 5 dishwasher
Reading: 6 mobile phone, ipod, MP3 player
A/B: 7 washing machine, egg cooker, satellite TV
The pictures show canals, floppy discs, videotapes 8 virus protection software
and the Sinclair C5 an electric car. They were all 9 computer
very common at one time (apart from the Sinclair C5) 10 laptop or notebook
but largely fell out of use when they were replaced 11 mobile phone, digital camera, GPS
by something more modern. The videotapes are VHS 12 house, shower
format, the format which was adopted in preference
to Betamax. In a way the C5 was ahead of its time as Listening:
electric or battery run cars are now being developed A:
again. 1 solar panels, GPS, egg boiler
2 solar panels both think theyre good; GPS one
C: speaker thinks its good, the other doesnt; egg
1 F . . . the date on them clearly said October boiler one speaker thinks its good, the other thinks
1998! its a waste of money
2 T . . . they were an essential part of the industrial
revolution . . . a network of canals was developed to B:
transport goods . . . 1 a Because solar panels save people a lot of money /
3 T . . . they have enjoyed a revival as a holiday the government subsidises them.
destination . . . 1 b No, you still need the cash to install the panels.
4 F . . . many believed it was inferior . . . 2 a Because the woman got lost.
5 F The victory was short-lived . . . 2 b He thinks they are a waste of money and enable
6 T Intended to be a green alternative . . . people to keep track of you by satellite.
7 F . . . with vehicles that could go over that speed 3 a It makes a perfect boiled egg and its energy-
[24 kph] you had to have a driving licence . . . efficient.
22
3 b A self-cleaning floor, because theres no need to C:
mop or vacuum. A Bandage for cuts, burns, sprains (remind students
about plaster for a broken leg / arm refer them to
Grammar: Unit 4 p. 28 if they dont remember)
A: 1 a 2 d 3b 4e 5c B Elasticated support for sprained ankles
C Painkillers for headache / migraine or a stiff neck
C: or the flu / a cold
1 keeps crashing (-ing form after keep) D Thermometer for taking your temperature, when
2 OK (infinitive of purpose) you have flu
3 Making (-ing form as subject) E Cream for an allergy or insect bites or rash
4 seeing (-ing form after a preposition) F Medicine for a cough or stomach ache
5 OK
6 damaging (-ing form after preposition) D:
7 not driving (-ing form after get used to) 1c 2h 3f 4a 5b 6g 7e 8d
8 OK (infinitive after agree)
Listening:
D: A:
Many possible answers 1 Swollen ankle (sprained or broken)
1 -ing form 5 -ing form 2 Stomach virus vomiting and high temperature
2 infinitive / -ing form 6 -ing form for +-ing form
3 -ing form 7 -ing form B:
4 infinitive 8 infinitive Conversation 1
Yeah, its very painful.
No, no. It hurts too much.
15 INJURIES I was just coming out of the hotel . . .
Half an hour.
pp. 104-105 Er, I take something for my asthma.
Vocabulary: No.
A: No, never.
1 coughing = forcing air from throat with harsh noise Conversation 2
2 sneezing = blowing breath through nose with a Its my boyfriend . . .
noise since yesterday afternoon
3 stomach ache = pain in the stomach No, none actually.
4 sprained = damage by twisting No.
5 stiff = hard to move, rigid Mmm its OK.
6 swollen = bigger than normal
7 a dizzy = feeling you are losing your balance and Developing Conversations:
about to fall A:
7 b high blood pressure = when the force with which 1 Any other symptoms? 5 Any stiffness?
blood is pumped round the body is dangerously high 2 (On) any medication? 6 Any vomiting?
8 a rash = red marks on skin 3 Any itchiness? 7 Any questions?
8 b itchy = causing you to want to scratch 4 Any dizziness? 8 Any pain
9 migraines = very severe headaches, including
dizziness, etc.
10 bump = small swelling pp. 106-107
Reading:
Words in italics B:
1 flu = influenza, a virus like a very bad cold, with 1 Myth viruses cause colds
temperature, aches and pains 2 Myth antibiotics cant cure viruses
2 allergy = when your body has an extreme reaction 3 Myth there is no link between diet and acne
to certain foods, chemicals, etc. 4 Myth no types are caused by this
3 arthritis = illness which causes pain in the joints, 5 Myth cholesterol is natural and essential for life
especially in the elderly 6 Myth it passes through you
4 cut = an injury caused by a knife or scissors 7 True its addictive

23
C: 2 they had given (past perfect) We have given . . .
1 wrap up warm / dry your hair or youll get a cold there was nothing broken (past simple) there is
2 wash your hands regularly when theres a bug going nothing broken
around. 3 past simple, past continuous He needs to stay in a
3 if you develop a throat or ear infection bit longer, though, as hes waiting . . .
4 go to bed and drink lots of fluids 4 be going to (no change because this is still the case)
5 washing too much Im going to . . .
6 smoking, stress and high blood pressure
7 it stays in your stomach forever or blocks your B:
insides 1 had, gave
8 they may suffer withdrawal symptoms, e.g. 2 ate, needed
headaches, irritability and restlessness 3 would have, was
4 would not hurt, was
Vocabulary: 5 had done (would do / was doing), could
A: 6 had done, had caused
viruses (n pl) viral (adj) fatty (adj)
infection (n) naturally (advb) Grammar Reporting Verbs:
incurable (adj) addictive (adj) A:
medical (adj) irritability (n) The woman driving offered to take James . . . offer +
to-infinitive (not offer + object + to-infinitive)
B: She insisted on taking him. . . insist + on + -ing form
1 infectious 3 curable 5 fatty 7 naturally We persuaded him to go . . . persuade + object +
2 medical 4 addictive 6 irritable 8 virus to-infinitive
She promised to call me . . . promise + to-infinitive
Vocabulary: (not promise + object + to-infinitive)
A/B: The doctors told him not to cycle. . . tell + object (+
1 means 3 linked 5 makes not) + to-infinitive (not tell + object + dont + bare
2 lead 4 made 6 caused infinitive)

p. 108-109
Vocabulary: 16 NEWS AND EVENTS
A:
1 burned 6 poisoning pp. 110-111
2 tripped over 7 sunburn Vocabulary:
3 fell off 8 fainted C:
4 bit 9 slipped 1 marks out of ten = score given / how it was rated
5 crashed into 10 stung a film / book / play / album review pages.
2 exchange rate = how much you get for your money
Listening: in another countrys currency business pages
A: 3 premiere = opening of a film or play gossip pages
1 It was a mountain biking holiday in Austria. 4 the score = the result sports pages
2 James went round a tight bend and crashed into 5 ceasefire = agreement to stop fighting
some bushes and fell off his bike. international news /national news
3 Yes. His knee was swollen and he had a few cuts 6 star sign = astrological sign, depending on month of
and bruises and was bleeding a lot. your birth, e.g. Capricorn horoscopes
4 A woman stopped and took him in her car.
5 They told him nothing was broken but he had to Listening:
wait to have some stitches. (And he couldnt cycle for B:
a week.) Conversation 1 get divorced, have an affair gossip
pages
B: f, c, a, h, e, d, b, g Conversation 2 close down, made redundant
business news
Grammar Reported Speech: Conversation 3 stab, victim - national news
A: Conversation 4 pass away, funeral arts pages,
1 he would be Ill be OK obituaries
Conversation 5 sign, midfielder sports pages
24
pp. 112-113 B:
Speaking: a World Idol / Pop Idol section 2
A: b retired people section 6
1 Kemal Ataturk 3 Martin Luther King c leaving 10 million section 3
2 Sergey Bubka 4 Marie Curie d removing bomb section 5
e forwarding emails between friends until millions of
Vocabulary: people have seen it section 4
A: f catching the eye of a famous person section 1
1 scientist 5 athlete
2 activist 6 mathematician C:
3 dictator 7 doctor the gossip magazines people who date someone
4 founder 8 artist famous will soon be featured
an advertising company might become interested
Listening: if you feature in a gossip magazine
A: The Guinness Book of Records over 12 million
1 They are looking at a statue of Garibaldi. In people visited Mahir Cagris website and he had an
conversation 2, the second speaker has just been to entry in the GBR
Germany on a Comenius project. In conversation 3, Kurt Nilsen became a star in Norway after he sang
the second speaker is going to Brussels to go to the well-known songs and appeared on World Idol
Eddy Merckx metro station. The other speaker Paris Hilton became famous because her parents
suggests going to the Magritte museum, also in are incredibly rich
Brussels. Kim Sing / Bee Lian Man Chinese restaurant
2 Garibaldi was an Italian military leader who helped owners who were left 10 million in someones will
to unify Italy in the nineteenth century. He also (Golda Bechals)
fought in South America. Comenius was a Golda Bechal left 10 million in her will (see
seventeenth century Czech writer who wrote about above)
education, regarded by some as the father of modern Mahir Cagri Turkish teacher (see above)
education. Eddy Merckx was a cyclist from Belgium. karaoke the standard on TV reality shows is often
Magritte was a Belgian painter who painted surrealist no better than this
paintings and has a museum dedicated to his work in Kuldeep Singh bus driver in India who removed a
Brussels. bomb from the bus he was driving
3 Garibaldi, Italy; Comenius, Czech Republic; Eddy The Zimmers British pensioners who formed a
Merckz, Belgium; Magritte, Belgium band and had a documentary film made about them
4 Garibaldi also fought in South America. Comenius The Who wrote My Generation, the Zimmers hit
wrote in seventeenth century but was before his time single
arguing for equal education for both sexes. Eddy
Merckz has a metro station named after him, which D:
is full of cycling memorabilia, including the bike on 1 option 6 saved
which he set a cycling record. Magritte did the 2 footsteps 7 forward
pictures of office workers raining down from the sky. 3 barrier 8 caught
4 control 9 repay
Grammar: 5 will 10 came into
A:
1 which 5 who, that Collocations:
2 who 6 who 1 that option isnt available
3 who, when 7 when, that 2 to follow in his footsteps
4 where 8 who, which 3 is no barrier to a successful . . .
4 just got out of control
pp. 114-115 5 left me a house in her will
Reading: 6 saved my life
A, last question: 7 forward the email
The paragraph headings: Date someone whos 8 caught my eye
already famous; Go on a reality TV show; Inherit a 9 repay your kindness
Fortune; Set up a blog or set up a website; Become a 10 came into a lot of money
hero; Dont give up

25
04 REVIEW
Grammar Conditionals:
pp. 116-119 1 been 3 have 5 had
Quiz: 2 wouldnt 4 hadnt 6 would
1 a business trip, a day trip, a short or long trip, a
hunting or fishing or shopping trip. Expressing Regrets:
2 when they go to another country or start a 1 shouldve told 4 shouldve booked
business. 2 shouldnt have said 5 shouldnt have eaten
3 people insult or attack you or you get paid less than 3 shouldnt have posted 6 shouldve been working
others.
4 You might get distracted in class / if you hear a -ing Forms and to-Infinitives:
noise. 1 smoking 5 to cut
5 No, a saturated market is not good it means there 2 to move 6 working
is more supply than demand. 3 to listen 7 cheating
6 A book, film, TV series or pop group could enjoy a 4 to hearing 8 to find
revival.
7 A government can subsidise housing, sports or Defining Relative Clauses:
cultural events, education. 1 Hes someone whose music was ahead of its time.
8 You can run out of food, water, petrol, drugs. 2 Yalta is where they held a big meeting after the
9 Having the flu is worse it includes aches and pains war.
and a temperature. 3 She was a nurse who set up her own hospital.
10 You could sprain your wrist by turning it over 4 She was an activist campaigning / who campaigned
suddenly or by using a keyboard too much. for womens rights.
11 You should use cream or stop doing what is 5 The story was written around 500BC, during the
causing it (often an allergy of some kind) or see a time when Persia and Greece were at war.
doctor. 6 We started living together and thats when I
12 Drugs, chocolate, coffee, alcohol, cigarettes can be realized how different we were!
addictive. 7 Thats the house where my mum used to live. /
13 Two countries at war might agree to a ceasefire. Thats the house my mum used to live in.
14 Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aires, Taurus, Gemini,
Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius. Reporting Verbs:
15 company goes out of business, to save the firm 1 persuade 5 insists on
money, because they do not do the work properly. 2 warned 6 has threatened
3 recommended 7 denies
Pronunciation: 4 offered 8 apologise
A:
1 harbour 6 automatically Forming Words:
2 refugee 7 diarrhoea 1 elected 6 poisoning
3 exhausted 8 diabetes 2 allergy 7 environmentally
4 cursor 9 horoscopes 3 incurable 8 bravery
5 inferior 10 dreadful 4 creator 9 infectious
5 connection 10 generosity
Listening:
A: Collocations:
1 pilot 1d 2j 3e 4h 5a
2 doctor 6c 7i 8g 9b 10 f
3 engineer
4 computer programmer Vocabulary:
5 businessman 1 missed 6 security 11 straightforward
2 platform 7 strong 12 dizzy
B: 3 delayed 8 decline 13 migraines
a 2 (doctor) 4 line 9 upgrade 14 under
b 5 (businessman was made redundant as engineer) 5 hanging 10 energy 15 pressure
c 1 (pilot)
d 4 (engineer)
e 3 (computer programmer)
26
WRITING LESSONS
01 INTRODUCING YOURSELF 02 SHORT EMAILS

pp. 120-121 pp. 122-123


Vocabulary: Writing:
1 karaoke 4 kick-boxing A:
2 trekking 5 aerobics a any combination of first three columns (except
3 waterskiing 6 gardening a short one) to remind
b to say Im sorry
Writing: c to say thank you ...
1 on 6 quite d to let you know
2 to 7 also e to ask
3 which 8 as well f to tell
4 who 9 about g to say congratulations
5 really 10 in
C:
Key Words for Writing: 1 Just a quick email / note / short note to ask if you
A: could do me a big favour.
As well, too at the end of the sentence; also placed 2 Just a quick email / note / short note to say Im
between subject and verb (but after the verb to be). sorry I
missed you when you were in Berlin.
B: 3 Just a quick one / email / note / short note to say
1 having fun too. congratulations.
2 I also do photography
3 staying in and reading as well. Grammar:
4 Im also into A:
5 I go running a lot as well. 1 and I really need
6 Im also doing 2 and Ill ask; or I need to know about
3 and I am
C: 4 or have you lost
1 As well as being really into computers, I like going
out and having fun (too). B:
2 As well as liking reading and writing, I (also) do 1 We left Sydney on Friday night and arrived in Hong
photography. Kong on Saturday morning.
3 As well as going to the theatre quite a lot, I like 2 I really want to send some of the photos to my
staying in and reading (as well). mum and burn some of the other photos onto a CD.
4 As well as (loving) gardening, Im (also) into yoga. 3 Dont worry about missing class tomorrow or taking
5 As well as doing a lot of kick-boxing, I (also) go time off if you need to.
running a lot. 4 Dont feel you have to wear a suit to the party
6 As well as studying Art History, Im (also) doing a tonight or bring a present.
French course at the moment. 5 I am going to Prague tomorrow and Bratislava on
Friday, so I wont be at the meeting on Thursday
Grammar: afternoon or at work for the rest of the week.
A: 6 I thought the story was great and the acting was
1 What do you usually do in your free time? really good but I didnt really like the ending or some
2 What kind of music are you into? of the songs.
3 Who is your favourite band?
4 What was the last film you saw? Vocabulary:
5 Do you have a favourite writer? A:
6 What was the last book you read? Suggested answers
7 Do you like sport? 1 Kind regards, Yours faithfully, Yours sincerely, Yours
8 Have you got a favourite team? 2 Many thanks, All the best,
3 Love, Lots of love, Cheers for now

27
03 WRITING STORIES Writing:
B:
pp. 124-125 1 a made b think c soon
Writing: 2 a say b chance c like / love
A: 3 a busy b favour c be
Connection: they are all part of the same story about 4 a let b wondering c All
a parachute jump.
Order: c, a, d, b. Key Words for Writing:
A: Suggested answers many variations possible
Grammar: 1 Do you think you could send me another copy of
B: the invoice as Ive lost the first one? Many thanks in
1 said / had said 5 screamed advance.
2 seemed 6 was really flying 2 I was wondering if you could give me a lift as my
3 was beating 7 opened cars in the garage. Id be really grateful.
4 was thinking 8 landed 3 Is there any way I could stay at your place for a few
days as Ive got builders working in my flat and its a
Key Words for Writing: real mess? Id be really grateful.
A: 1 c 2 a 3 e 4 d 5f 6b 4 Could you do me a favour and extend the deadline
for my essay as Ive been ill for three days? Id be
C: incredibly grateful.
1 We were just about to leave when they gave us a 5 Do you think you could complete the work by
table. Thursday as Im seeing the director then? Thanks.
2 I was just about to give up and go home when
Vocabulary:
I saw him walking towards me.
A:
3 I was just about to go to bed when the doorbell
1 as soon as possible
rang.
2 as far as I know
4 Just as we were walking towards our car, a police
3 as quickly as you can
car drove up and stopped right in front of us.
4 as soon as you hear
5 Just as we were starting to think the holiday would
5 as soon as you arrive
be a disaster, the sun came out.
6 as far as the hotel is concerned
Vocabulary: B:
A: C: a as soon as you hear
1 whisper 1 rushed b as quickly as you can
2 creep 2 slammed c as soon as you arrive
3 stare 3 stared d As far as the hotel is concerned
4 slam 4 grabbed e as soon as possible
5 shout 5 shouting f As far as I know
6 rush 6 crept
7 grab 7 whisper
05 SUGGESTING CHANCES

04 MAKING REQUESTS pp. 128-129


Vocabulary:
pp. 126-127 A: 1 last-minute, 2 swap, 3 full, 4 exciting, 5 include
Grammar:
A: 1 b 2 d 3c 4a Key Words for Writing:
A:
B: 1 Although, but; Although
I was wondering if ? 2 However
1 could = modal verb
2 give = infinitive without to- B: C:
3 could = modal verb 1 Although 1 is a nice idea, but it
4 pay = infinitive without to- 2 However 2 like rock music, some of
3 but / although 3 look great. However, I think
4 Although
5 however
28
06 REPORTS Grammar:
A:
pp. 130-131 1 has improved over the last few years; are driving
Writing: everyday
B: 2 is getting at the moment, has recently increased
this is rarely used / more could be done / recently
so it could be used The passive is used because it is 3 is getting these days has stopped today
more formal and impersonal and the person / people 4 has increased in recent years are now becoming
doing the action is / are unclear or unimportant. now
5 have been over the last few years it has become ;
C: are now calling now
the council could provide / more could be
done / why not show ...? / the council should Keywords:
consider A: 1 c 2 d 3a 4e 5b

Vocabulary:
A: 08 A REVIEW
1 small / limited 4 runs 7 done
2 hang 5 rarely 8 subsidise pp. 134-135
3 courts 6 wider 9 consider Vocabulary:
A: B:
Key Words for Writing: 1 funny 1 chosen
A: 1 f 2d 3b 4c 5a 6e 2 moving 2 acted
3 scary 3 written
4 entertaining 4 filmed
07 FOR AND AGAINST 5 uplifting 5 directed
6 gripping
pp. 132-133
Writing: Writing:
D: B:
1 Personally 1 present simple (including passive), present
2 Firstly continuous
3 Secondly 2 no = the review doesnt want to give away all the
4 thirdly films secrets
5 However 3 at the end of the review
6 obviously
7 Otherwise Key Words for Writing:
8 In conclusion A:
1 during 4 During
E: 2 while 5 during
1 first paragraph increase in number of cars, 3 While 6 While
running out of oil
2 end of first paragraph Personally, I do not believe Grammar:
3 second paragraph get directly from A to B, B:
comfortable, car industry is a large employer 1 This is a moving love story about a disabled woman.
4 third paragraph unable to move around in our 2 This is a comedy action film starring Akshay Kumar.
cities, increase in road deaths, environmental 3 The film is directed by Lasse Hallstrom, who also
damage directed The Cider House Rules.
5 whole text 4 The film is set in a small town, during the mayoral
6 second, third and fourth paragraphs they allow election.
one, people feel comfortable 5 The main character is a brilliant but lonely doctor,
7 whole text I do not believe, It is time, etc. (a part) superbly played by Jennifer Jenkins.
6 The documentary follows the lives of four couples
who have recently emigrated to Australia.

29
Grammar Reference
The present continuous / present simple and
01 MY FIRST CLASS present continuous
Exercise 1
pp. 136-137 1 I usually just work, Im doing, Im working
Question formation 2 I normally work, Im working, are doing up
Exercise 1 3 I answer, make, were holding, Im sorting out
1 Where 4 Who 7 What time
2 Why 5 Whose 6 How 8 How much Exercise 2
3 What often 9 How long 1 Im having dinner 5 Im just looking
2 correct 6 Im going
Exercise 2 3 correct 7 I prefer
1i 2d 3a 4f 5e 6h 7b 8c 9g 4 He still owes 8 correct

Exercise 3 Exercise 3
1 What kind of films do you like? 1 Generally I have / I generally have, really hard this
2 Hows your part-time job going at the moment? month
3 Have you played before? 2 doing these days? Are you still
4 Are you working on any projects at the moment? 3 home at the moment, normally does
5 Have you decided where youre going on holiday? 4 were currently experiencing
6 How long has he been learning Chinese, then? 5 office at the moment
7 How did you first meet your wife? 6 usually go, miss it this week
Narrative tenses
Exercise 1 1b 4e 5/ 6a 8f 10d 12c 03 TIME OFF
Exercise 2
1 happened 9 stared
pp. 140-141
2 went 10 I was going
Present perfect questions
3 had never 11 walked
Exercise 1
4 were watching 12 had left
1B supposed to be good
5 tried 13 fell over
2B he actually rang me
6 grabbed 14 hit
3B I went shopping there yesterday
7 was walking 15 stopped
4B No, but Id like to
8 saw 16 started
5B No, (I havent), whats it like?
6B Ive always wanted to
7B Ive been there
02 EMOTIONS 8B Im going there

pp. 138-139 Exercise 2


be, look, seem, etc. 1A Have you been there?
Exercise 1 1 B Ive been there lots of times
1 correct 5 correct 2A Did you tell Agnes were going out? / Have you
2 looked as if hed seen 6 It tastes disgusting told Agnes were going out?
3 She sounded quite upset 7 correct 2B I spoke to her this afternoon
4 I felt terrible 8 makes me look fat? 3A Have you ever eaten wild boar?
3 B have you?
-ed / -ing adjectives 3 A I think Ill order / Im going to order it for Its
Exercise 1 supposed to be nice
1a confused 5a worried 4A Have you seen the new Bond film?
1b confusing 5b worrying 4B Im actually going to see it on Sunday.
2a annoying 6a surprised
2b annoyed 6b surprising The future
3a depressing 7a frustrated Exercise 1
3b depressed 7b frustrating 1 going 4 depends 7 going
4a scary 8a boring 2 might 5 are 8 will
4b scared 8b bored 3 will 6 got 9 might
30
04 INTERESTS 05 WORKING LIFE

pp. 142-143 p. 144


Frequency have to, dont have to, can
Exercise 1 Exercise 1
1 No, hardly ever 1 you cant leave your car
2 Not very often / Not much 2 correct
3 once or twice a week 3 she has to work
4 once or twice a year 4 I dont usually spend more
5 I always go 5 I couldnt go outI had to start
6 Whenever I get the chance. 6 I had to travel
7 Not as much as I should 7 correct
8 I used to. 8 correct
9 Do you have to wear any
Exercise 2
1 never let Talking about rules
2 goes Exercise 1
3 dont see 1 Are
4 studied, dont need 2 allowed / permitted
5 used to spend, go 3 should
4 allowed / permitted
for, during, since, till 5 to
Exercise 1 6 really
1 How long did you live there? 7 re/ are
2 How long has he been driving? 8 allowed
3 How long have they been married?
4 How long have you worked there? / been working
there? 06 GOING SHOPPING
5 How long was she married?
6 How long have you known each other? p. 145
7 Yeah? Why, how long have we been talking? must
8 How long has she been learning it? Exercise 1
9 How long did it take you to get there? 1 visit 6 forget
2 get 7 keep
Exercise 2 3 ask 8 let
1 for a couple of minutes 4 reply 9 buy
2 for fifty years 5 remember 10 tell
3 since his heart attack
4 for over six hundred years
5 for most of my adult life Exercise 2
6 for a few weeks now 2 Dont pay the first price they ask.
7 since I last wrote to you 3 If I were you, I would take out travel insurance.
8 since 2004 4 Im afraid you have to pay in cash.
5 Youre not allowed to smoke in the building.
6 Youre not supposed to make any personal calls
from the office.
7 Youd be better off wearing a suit to the meeting
instead of those old jeans.
8 Youd be better off changing some money before
you go. The rates are much better.

31
07 SCHOOL AND STUDYING 09 HOUSES

p. 146 p. 148
After, once and when Comparing the past with now
Exercise 1 Exercise 1
1 if 5 as long as 1 greener than it is
2 when 6 finish 2 as nice
3 once 7 start 3 as many people
4 as soon as 8 has finished 4 far more multicultural
5 there are (far) more than there were
First conditionals 6 working class as it
Exercise 1 7 as much pollution
1 correct 5 wont behave better 8 there never used to be
2 If he finds a job 6 What will you do if
3 you dont have 7 I wont finish this essay Exercise 2
4 correct 8 if you dont revise 1 later and later
2 more and more
Other conditional sentences with present 3 fewer and fewer
tenses 4 more and more expensive
Exercise 1 5 more and more sophisticated
1 borrow + need 5 should stop + finding 6 less and less
2 feeling + miss 6 be + working
3 fail + re-take 7 become + leave
4 be + cheat 8 make sure + share 10 GOING OUT

p. 149
08 EATING Exercise 1
1f3g5e7b
p. 147 2d4h6c8a
tend to Exercise 2
Exercise 1 1 He said he would help me later.
1 tend to 2 We wanted to stay longer, but we ran out of
2 tend not to / dont tend to money.
3 have tended to 3 I was just about to phone him when he called me.
4 didnt tend to / tended not to 4 His performance was much better than I thought it
5 have tended not to would be.
6 tended to eat (a) 5 I wasnt expecting it to cost so much.
6 They said it was going to rain, but its turned out
Second conditionals really nice.
Exercise 1
1 would really 6 If I were better at
2 correct 7 correct 11 THE NATURAL WORLD
3 if you paid me 8 correct
4 correct 9 I didnt really need p. 150
5 would make more 10 If I were / was you Exercise 1
1 chasing 5 making
Exercise 2 2 staring 6 looking for
1 was / were, would cancel 3 eating 7 circling
2 was / were, might enjoy 4 jump 8 crawl / crawling
3 would come, wasnt / werent
4 would be, was Passives
5 wasnt / werent, would try Exercise 1
6 wasnt / werent working, would love 1 was searched 5 are being created
2 be smuggled 6 were being kept
3 was arrested 7 be seen
4 was released 8 was given
32
12 PEOPLE I KNOW Exercise 2
1 shouldve set off
p. 151 2 shouldnt have left it
Used to, would and the past simple 3 shouldve got here earlier
Exercise 1 4 shouldve gone
1 have 6 went 5 shouldve told
2 would 7 used 6 shouldnt have been
3 is / was 8 did
4 never / didnt 9 to
5 go 10 would 14 TECHNOLOGY

Regrets and wishes p. 153


Exercise 1 -ing forms
1 had 5 hadnt Exercise 1
2 hadnt 6 had 1 in letting 7 of storing
3 hadnt 7 hadnt 2 in setting up 8 with working
4 had 8 had 3 of flying 9 for being
4 into studying 10 with organising
Exercise 2 5 of giving up 11 at talking
1 I hadnt started smoking 6 for shouting 12 about having to
2 I had asked her
3 you had told me Exercise 2
4 I hadnt been so hard on my children 1 travelling 6 to lose
5 I hadnt lost touch with them 2 going 7 to email
6 Id moved when I had the chance 3 to meet 8 talking
4 going 9 losing
5 to pay 10 to fire
13 TRAVEL

p. 152 15 INJURIES AND ILLNESSES


Third conditionals
Exercise 1 p. 154
1 I could have come Exercise 1
2 If we had 1 suffers / suffered 4 had taken
3 If she hadnt been wearing 2 had had 5 would be
4 I wouldve done 3 would take 6 shouldnt take
5 correct
6 If there hadnt been Exercise 2
7 If wed been given 1 warn 5 persuade
8 correct 2 agreed 6 threatened
3 told 7 promised
Exercise 2 4 recommended 8 refused
1 would have called, Id had
2 would have come, Id known
3 hadnt left, wouldnt have tripped 16 NEWS AND EVENTS
4 had paid, wouldnt have crashed
5 would have caught, wouldnt be p. 155
Defining relative clauses
Should have Exercise 1 1d 2f 3b 4e 5a 6c
Exercise 1
1 should never have 4 shouldnt have Exercise 2
2 shouldve 5 shouldve told 1 which / that 5 where
3 shouldve 6 shouldnt have 2 whose 6 which / that
3 who / that 7 which / that
4 which / that 8 when / (can be left out)

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