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This packet is used for training.

It needs to be translated into other languages.

You are given permission to use these quotes and use this packet to expand awareness in teachers of the following ideas:

1. Dennis Littky has a great method.

2. Lecture is one way to transfer information to young people.
3. Working on small projects (that are important to the young people) is another way to place knowledge in their heads.
4. William Glasser stated in the 1970s that there are three parts: Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment.
5. Glasser: Teachers negotiate with students about the content and methods.
6. What do you want to study? (many teachers decide WHAT will be studied before the students walk into the classroom).
7. How do you want to learn?
8. How do you want to be tested?
9. Dr. Tae, the Skateboard Professor of Physics, says, “School is boring.”
10. You don’t have to sit in a boring class. With skill you can help the teacher improve how the information is transferred.
11. The student is the center of the educational system.
12. Listen to Dennis Littky, Dennis Yuzenas, William Glasser, Lois Hetland, Howard Gardner, Marshall Thurber, W. Edwards
Deming and others. Google them, read the Wikipedia articles about their methods.

When teachers take time to read these documents, they might change the way they are currently working.

If you want more information, contact me.

This method works with any subject. Portfolios are more difficult to use but more satisfying for the students.

This is not my method. I use a collection of materials and add video as a way to capture the performances of understanding.

We are part of the cultural revolution in education. How can I help you bring this information to schools in your city?

Steve McCrea 30 July 2010

This document was uploaded to
Instructions: After reading the quotes on the "Readings" pages of, take several minutes and
think how these quotes might alter the way you present information to students.

Use the other side of this sheet to expand your answers

1. How might you change the way you organize your classroom?

2. What new procedures could you add?

3. What roles could the student take on, transforming you into a facilitator?

4. What is your opinion of alternative methods of assessment (exhibitions, portfolios)?

5. What is your opinion of narratives in addition to letter grades?

How can this presentation/workshop be improved? If it’s OK to quote you, please include your email address and name (if you want
to be credited with the comment)
Quotes that Inspire Us

Photocopy these pages.

Put these pages around a room and invite participants to read and
select their favorite quotations.

Invite participants to paraphrase the quotations.

“In your own words, what does your favorite quotation tell us?”

“How could we put the spirit of this quotation in our classrooms?”

“What could we change to improve how we organize our classes?”

Unfortunately, to most
people, teaching is the
giving of knowledge.
What are you going
to tell the students?
What is your expertise? But
teaching is really about
bringing out what's
already inside people.
Dennis Littky,, Providence, RI

The ultimate goal of the

educational system is to shift
to the individual the
burden of pursing his
own education. This
will not be a widely
shared pursuit until we get
over our odd conviction that
education is what goes on in
school buildings
and nowhere else.
John W. Gardner

We don't need no education

We don’t need no
thought control
No dark sarcasm in the
Teachers leave them kids
Pink Floyd
Trust. Truth.
No Put-downs.
Personal Best.
Seen at New City School
New City School is located in the Central West End at 5209 Waterman Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108
Is the rich world aware of
how four billion of the six
live? If we
were aware,
we would want
to help out,
we'd want
to get involved.
Bill Gates
There is no such
thing as a closed
book test. Students
are told to get out
their notes and open their
books. There is no such
thing as being forbidden to
ask the teacher or another
student for help.
William Glasser

We should develop students who

know how to:
identify problems,
use their intelligences to
solve problems and
demonstrate their understanding
in a variety of ways, and
work with others.
Becoming a Multiple Intelligences School
T. Hoerr
New City School is located in the Central West End at 5209 Waterman Blvd., St. Louis, MO

Educators should:
personalize education and
work to individualize
enable students to develop
and use their areas of strength;
view students' parents as partners and
educate them, too;
offer an environment that supports
faculty growth; and
demonstrate that students are
prepared for the future.
Becoming a Multiple Intelligences School, T. Hoerr
New City School is located in the Central West End at 5209 Waterman Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108
What students lack in
school is an
conversation with the
teacher. William Glasser
School Leavers (Dropouts)
Richard Branson
Bill Gates
Steve Jobs
Zuckerman (founder of Facebook)

• H.G. British author (dropped out to help family earn income; later returned and went on to college)

• Jim Clark........self-made billionaire American businessman; founder of "Netscape"; first Internet billionaire (17, U.S.

• Jimmy Dean..........singer-songwriter-actor; self-made multimillionaire American businessman; founder of the "Jimmy

Dean Foods" brand sausage business (16, U.S. Merchant Marines; 18, U.S. Air Force)

• Andrew Jackson......7th U.S. President; face is pictured on the U.S. twenty dollar bill (13, U.S. Continental Army;
orphaned at 14; little formal education; home schooling/life experience; studied law in his late teens and became a lawyer)

• Leon American author (Exodus, etc.) (17, U.S. Marines)

• Walter L. Smith.....former president of Florida A&M University (equivalency diploma, at age 23)

• W. Clement Stone....self-made multimillionaire (some sources indicate billionaire) American businessman-author;

founder of "Success" magazine (elementary school dropout; later attended high-school night courses and then some college)

• Jack American author (dropped out at 14 to work; later gained admission to the University of
California; left after one semester)

• Arthur Ernest Morgan....American flood-control engineer; college president-author; appointed by President Roosevelt
to be director of the Tennessee Valley Authority public works project (left high school after three years; later attended the
University of Colorado for six weeks)
• Ray Charles.........singer-pianist; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee

• Cher......Oscar-winning actress-singer

• Maurice Chevalier.... Oscar-winning actor-singer; French Legion of Honor inductee/Medal recipient (note: rank
bestowed in 1938

• Pierce

• Ellen Burnstyn......Oscar-winning actress

• Raymond

• Sammy Cahn.......... Oscar-winning American songwriter-composer

• Michael Caine.......Oscar-winning actor; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Michael Caine)

• Glen music star

• Daniel Gilbert......Harvard University psychology professor (equivalency diploma)

• Dizzy Gillespie.....musician-composer (received honorary diploma from high school he attended)

• Patrick Henry.......American Revolutionary War era politician; Virginia's first governor; famous quote: "Give me liberty,
or give me death!" (little formal education; home schooling/life experience; later studied on his own and earned a law degree)

• Peter Jennings......Canadian-born American television journalist; evening news anchorman

• Ansel Adams.........American wilderness photographer; photography book author; Presidential Medal of Freedom

• Julie Andrews.......Oscar-winning actress-singer

• Louis Armstrong.....singer-musician

• Brooke Astor........wealthy American socialite-philanthropist-author; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

• Pearl Bailey........singer-actress; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

• Lucille Ball........actress-comedienne-producer; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

• Bill Bartman........self-made billionaire American businessman

• Count Basie.........bandleader-pianist

• Jack Benny.......... comedian-actor-violinist

• Humphrey Bogart.....Oscar-winning actor

• Peter Bogdanovich....Oscar-nominated American film director-screenwriter (The Last Picture Show, Paper Moon, Mask,

• Whoopie Goldberg....Oscar-winning actress-comedienne

• Benny Goodman.....bandleader-clarinetist

• Lew Grade.........British film/TV producer (TV: The Avengers, The Saint, Secret Agent, The Prisoner, The Muppet Show,
etc.); knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Lew Grade)

• Philip Emeagwali....supercomputer scientist; one of the pioneers of the Internet (high-IQ high-school dropout; left
school in native Nigeria due to war conditions and lack of tuition money; continued to study on his own and earned an
equivalency diploma; later won a scholarship to Oregon College of Education in the United States; transferred after one year
to Oregon State University)

• Danny (actor: Make Room for Daddy/The Danny Thomas Show; co-
producer: The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Andy Griffith Show, etc.); Congressional Gold Medal recipient

• Peter Ustinov.......Oscar-winning actor

• Hiram Stevens.......American-born engineering inventor; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Hiram Stevens)

• Patrick Stewart..... actor-writer-producer-director; former captain of the Enterprise on TV's Star Trek: The Next
Generation and in films.
• Kemmons Wilson.......self-made multimillionaire American businessman; founder of the "Holiday Inn" hotel chain

• Kjell Inge Rokke.....self-made billionaire Norwegian businessman

• David Puttnam.......Oscar-winning British film producer (Chariots of Fire, Midnight Express, etc.); knighted (United
Kingdom: Sir David Puttnam)

• Anthony Quinn.......Oscar-winning actor

• Julie London....... singer-actress

• Sophia Loren.......Oscar-winning actress; best-selling Italian-born author; former model (elementary school dropout)

• Joe Louis..........boxer; Congressional Gold Medal recipient

• Roy

• Walter Nash.......New Zealand Prime Minister 1957-1960; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Walter Nash)

• Olivia Newton-John.... singer-actress; British-born Australian author

• Rosa Parks.........U.S. civil rights activist-pioneer; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient; Congressional Gold Medal

• Mary Pickford......Oscar-winning actress; early Hollywood pioneer; co-founder of "United Artists Corporation" (little
formal education [six months]; home schooling/life experience)

• Sydney Poitier.....Oscar-winning actor (elementary school dropout)

• Frederick "Freddy" Laker.... self-made multimillionaire British businessman; airline entrepreneur; knighted (United
Kingdom: Sir Frederick [or Freddy] Laker)

• Tommy Lasorda...... baseball team manager; National Baseball Hall of Fame inductee

• David Lean.........Oscar-winning British film director (Lawrence of Arabia, Dr .Zhivago, etc.); knighted (United Kingdom:
Sir David Lean)

• Anton van Leeuwenhoek....Dutch microscope maker; world's first microbiologist; discoverer of bacteria, blood cells,
and sperm cells)

• Richard Branson.....self-made billionaire British businessman; founder of "Virgin Atlantic Airways," "Virgin Records,"
etc.; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Richard Branson)

• Isaac Merrit Singer....American sewing machine inventor; self-made multimillionaire founder of "Singer Industries,"
"I.M. Singer and Company," etc. (elementary school dropout)

• Alfred E. Smith.....New York Governor; 1928 Democratic U.S. Presidential candidate (elementary school dropout)

• Charles Chaplin.....Oscar-winning actor-writer-director-producer; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Charles [or Charlie]
Chaplin) (elementary school dropout)

• Sean Connery........Oscar-winning actor; knighted, joined the Royal Navy at age 16

• Jack Kent Cooke.....self-made billionaire Canadian-born American media businessman

• Noel Coward.........Oscar-winning actor-director-producer-playwright-composer; knighted (United Kingdom: Sir Noel

Coward) (elementary school dropout)

• Joan Crawford....... Oscar-winning actress; former dancer

• Charles E. Culpeper....self-made multimillionaire American businessman; early 1900s' owner and head of "The Coca
Cola Bottling Company"

• Robert De Niro......Oscar-winning actor-producer; knighted (France: Chevalier [Knight] of the Legion of Honor;
Chevalier [or Chev.] Robert De Niro)

• Gerard Depardieu....Oscar-nominated actor; knighted (France: Chevalier [or Chev.] Gerard Depardieu) (elementary
school dropout)

• Richard Desmond.....self-made billionaire British publisher

• Thomas Dolby........ musician-composer; music producer

• Joe Lewis........self-made billionaire British businessman

• Carl Lindner.......self-made billionaire American businessman

• John Llewellyn.....U.S. Labor leader pioneer; for 40 years until his retirement, president of the United Mine Workers'

• Marcus Loew........self-made multimillionaire American businessman; early Hollywood pioneer; founder of the "Loews"
movie-theater chain; co-founder of "MGM" studios (elementary school dropout)

• Mary Lyon.........American women's education pioneer; early American teacher; founder of Mount Holyoke College
(America's first women's college)

• Sonny Bono...........singer-songwriter-actor; U.S. Congressman (California U.S. Representative)

• Duke Ellington......Oscar-nominated American composer-bandleader; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

• Ella Fitzgerald.....singer; Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

• Aretha Franklin....singer; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee

• Horace Greeley.... American newspaper publisher-editor; U.S. Congressman; 1872 U.S. Presidential candidate; co-
founder of the Republican party in the United States

• Thomas Haffa......self-made double-digit billionaire German media businessman

• J.R. Simplot.......self-made billionaire American agricultural businessman

• Robert Maxwell.....self-made billionaire British publisher

• Rod American poet (elementary school dropout)

It is a good thing for a
person to read books of
Quotations when
engraved upon the
memory give you
good thoughts.
They also make you anxious
to read the authors and look
for more. Sir Winston Churchill
The 1998 book, Choice Theory: A New Psychology of Personal 7. All behavior is Total Behavior and is made up of four
Freedom, is the primary text for all that is taught by The William components: acting, thinking, feeling and physiology.
Glasser Institute. Choice theory states that: 8. All Total Behavior is chosen, but we only have direct control
over the acting and thinking components. We can only
• almost all behavior is chosen, and control our feeling and physiology indirectly through how we
• we are driven by our genes to satisfy five basic needs: choose to act and think.
survival, love and belonging, power, freedom and fun. In
practice, the most important need is love and belonging, as Seven Caring Seven Deadly Habits
closeness and connectedness with the people we care about is
a requisite for satisfying all of the needs. Habits
Choice theory, with the Seven Caring Habits, replaces
1.Supporting 1Criticizing
external control psychology and the Seven Deadly .
Habits. External control, the present psychology of almost 2.Encouraging 2Blaming
all people in the world, is destructive to relationships. When
used, it will destroy the ability of one or both to find .
satisfaction in that relationship and will result in a 3.Listening 3Complaining
disconnection from each other. Being disconnected is the
source of almost all human problems such as what is called .
mental illness, drug addiction, violence, crime, school failure, 4.Accepting 4Nagging
spousal abuse, to mention a few.
Choice Theory 5.Trusting 5Threatening
1. The only person whose behavior we can control is our own. .
2. All we can give another person is information.
3. All long-lasting psychological problems are relationship
6.Respecting 6Punishing
problems. .
4. The problem relationship is always part of our present life.
5. What happened in the past has everything to do with what we
7.Negotiating 7Bribing, rewarding to
are today, but we can only satisfy our basic needs right now differences .control
and plan to continue satisfying them in the future.
6. We can only satisfy our needs by satisfying the pictures in
our Quality World.
Choice Theory 6. We can only satisfy our needs
by satisfying the pictures in our
1. The only person whose behavior Quality World.
we can control is our own. 7. All behavior is Total Behavior
2. All we can give another person and is made up of four
is information. components: acting, thinking,
3. All long-lasting psychological feeling and physiology.
problems are relationship 8. All Total Behavior is chosen,
problems. but we only have direct control
4. The problem relationship is over the acting and thinking
always part of our present life. components. We can only
5. What happened in the past has control our feeling and
everything to do with what we physiology indirectly through
are today, but we can only how we choose to act and think.
satisfy our basic needs right now 9. All Total Behavior is designated
and plan to continue satisfying by verbs and named by the part
them in the future. that is the most recognizable.
Let’s place these quotes on the
walls of our classrooms. Let’s
see what the students say
about these words.

don’t Follow
lecture! the suggests that “Time is a
variable.” We recommend this blog to parents, students,
faculty and administration.
The goals of education are:

To see a
world in a
grain of
sand and
a Heaven Eternity
in a wild in an
flower… hour W. Blake

infinity in
the palm
of your
hand and
What are your favorite quotes? Tell them
to us.
Make a sheet to evaluate the portfolios

Meet with each student once a week

Monday (10)
Tuesday (10)
Weds. (10)
Thursday (10)
Friday (10)
Special Projects (40)
Write to a penpal Talk on Skype
Make a poster Write something
Talk to a video Talk about a city
Learn 10 new words (human body and
(words for my job) (business words)
Select songs and videos for the China/Iran
DVD project
Write about songs and videos: What
happened in the song?
What is it about? Why do you like it? What
changes from start to end?
Portfolio (10)
Total (100)
Adding an element of relationship. effective curriculum. The purpose of a school is
(mobile phone and email contacts, invitations to to meet the needs of each individual student.
lunch or snacks outside the classroom) The idea expressed by Gardner and put into
action by Dennis Littky is to ensure that teaching
Building the curriculum from relevance. (What changes to meet the needs of the individual
does the student want to know or learn?) student. The steps include:
Adding an element of relationship.
Creating opportunities to learn through (mobile phone and email contacts, invitations to
action, through performances of understanding lunch or snacks outside the classroom)
and mentoring. Building the curriculum from relevance .
(What does the student want to know or learn?)
Evaluation is through recorded exhibition so Creating opportunities to learn through
that the student has to feel and see the gaps and action, through performances of understanding
know where the next step is. and mentoring.
Evaluation is not through written tests but
Independent Work Time takes up a larger part through recorded exhibition so that the student
of the class schedule. Building a portfolio is has to feel and see the gaps and know where the
more important than running through a check list next step is. Through feedback from the teacher
of grammar and vocabulary (listen, speak, write, and (if the student isn’t shy) from the audience
read). (and self evaluation after looking at the video),
the student then knows the next layer of learning
that needs to take place.
Independent Work Time takes up a larger part
Features of the Visual and Active of the class schedule. Building a portfolio is
Portfolio Method – Steve McCrea more important than running through a check list of grammar and vocabulary (listen, speak, write,
read). The expectations of the students are
changed, because most people who go to Littky’s
I came to know that “there is another way” after
school have to be persuaded to see that
trying to teach 6 classes of 20 kids, 45 minutes
per class. The focus was on presenting the studying only what you
material efficiently and effectively. The
Madeleine Hunter method of teaching is the want to study will lead to a
standard of “good teaching.”
rigorous result.
The research by Howard Gardner makes it clear
that the Hunter method is effective in ensuring How can effective teaching and “Teaching for
that more than one teaching method is used and Understanding” (the code phrase developed by
more than one learning style is given a chance to Lois Hetland, Ed.D, a disciple of Howard
“latch onto” the material. Gardner) be accepted by students who have
come to expect “traditional classrooms”?
However, most people who study Gardner did
not go one step farther. They didn’t read pages Samples of a portfolio created by other students
161 and following about how to evaluate the and standard “packages” showing what students
learning. have produced is a good example.
Performances of Understanding can be produced
Even we who have taking the RSA course for at lower levels of proficiency, but this method is
CELTA (teaching English to Adults) have a false more obvious at advanced intermediate.
sense of knowing what to do next after
presenting the material of the day. We know we EVERY PART OF THE CLASS CAN BE
have to check understanding and then move on VIDEOTAPED for later review (since some
to connect the material to real examples in students find it difficult to take notes and pay
English for practice. The effort is designed to attention). The videos can be converted to a
ensure that materials are presented to a variety video on CD at a rate of about 2 hours per 700
of learning styles. megabytes.

However, let’s take a moment to breathe and The key is found by making a parallel set of key
reflect on the purpose of the language school standards. The Met Center, Littky’s group, does
(and on any class): it is not to present an not teach Math, History, Science and English –
they ask students to develop their own goals for One of my students, Johana, said that she loves
qualitative and quantitative reasoning, empirical being corrected by young kids. “They tell you
reasoning and communication. These areas can exactly the truth.” The EFL teacher (Mr. Mac)
be supplemented with ESOL or EFL structure got her the volunteer sheet for Virginia Shuman
and the EFL teacher can restate what needs to Young Magnet school and she plans to volunteer
be sought by the students. In the Visual and two hours next week in a school. That’s using
Active Method, the students learn skill areas or English in a real sense. A photo of that
interest areas, not artificial "chapters" related to opportunity or a video camera on Johana can be
grammar and vocabulary. part of her portfolio.

(Some students will not accept this functional CLASSROOM NEEDS

description of a language class, and they will Small cameras if the student doesn’t have a
need to pursue the making of a portfolio based digital camera.
on the structure of the textbook.) Burning software on a laptop in the school. It's
best that the computer is NOT connected to the
We can see some similarities – and therefore the network.
materials developed by Littky have some Portfolio system (clear plastic sleeves with three
relevance to all methods of teaching. The punched holes for storage in a three ring binder)
Madeleine Hunter model remains in place (to needs to be set up to engage the students.
support students who want structure) and the List of potential mentoring and volunteering
classes have a textbook and class time (as they locations in the area of the school.
do in the Littky school). The key focus is on
asking the student to seek outside learning
opportunities that are connected to their
aspirations. An executive at a power plant in
Japan should spend time touring a plant… but do
more. He should sit and shadow the mentor.
The chapter on Mentoring in Littky’s book shows
that there is not always a burden of mentoring…
there is a feeling of adding a dimension to the
mentor’s job. “I get paid to show another person
why I love my work.”

The focus for teachers could be on pushing and
guiding students to develop a portfolio to show SUMMARY
that students have demonstrated or performed Most students learn another language better in a
understanding by making presentations. The classroom that is visual and active.
exit portfolio can be a CD with performances on Students can be pushed to create portfolios to
video showing basic skills of pronunciation and show their understanding. (See Gardner, Littky
grammar (with students teaching units to the and Hedland)
camera). The teacher can then ask students to Students can be pushed to find relationships
go out to the “real world” to video themselves in outside the classroom to pursue interests and
situations with shopkeepers and volunteer build their vocabulary through use in mentorships
situations. and volunteering positions.
Video equipment will allow students to bring back
BAD EXAMPLE of mentoring information that they want to practice.
I was studying Spanish in a small program in Video equipment in their home allow them to
Chalchihuites, Mexico near Zacatecas and the practice pronunciation and listening on
program offered an “experience in real Mexico” computers (see the series of CDs that I distribute
working side by side Mexican employees. I filed to my students).
cards for 3 hours in the city hall (no interaction For more information, write to
with the staff). After the initial hand signals I
didn’t have to talk or listen for the next three
hours, yet I was “immersed” in the culture of the
work place.

GOOD EXAMPLE of mentoring

Thank you for reading this far.

More materials will be added in the future.

COPYLEFT 2010 – this means that you can use the materials but you need to quote the source:

Do not modify the materials but you can add comments to show clearly that your changes are not part of the original document.

Send us a copy of whatever you produce. Let’s learn from each other.

Steve McCrea
+1 954 646 8246

Skype SteveEnglishTeacher
Oovoo SteveEnglishTeacher