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#4 LBC Express v.

Jun. 9, 2009
Topic: Just causes


James Mateo, designated as a customer associate, was a regular employee of LBC Express
(LBC), his job was to deliver and pick-up packages to and from LBC and its customers
Mateo used a Kawasaki motorcycle, one day, Mateo arrived at LBCs Escolta office, to
drop off packages coming from various LBC air posts, he parked his motorcycle directly in
front of the LBC office, switched off the engine and took the key with him
However, he did not lock the steering wheel because he allegedly was primarily
concerned with the packages, including a huge sum of money that needed to be
immediately secured inside the LBC office, he returned promptly within three to five
minutes but the motorcycle was gone
He immediately reported the loss to his superiors at LBC and to the nearest police station,
LBC, through its vice-president, Nio, directed Mateo to appear in his office to explain his
side and for formal investigation
As directed, Mateo appeared and presented his side. After investigation, he received a
notice of termination from LBC. He was barred from reporting for work. Mateo filed a
complaint for illegal dismissal, payment of back wages and reinstatement with damages
Labor Arbiter and NLRC ruled in favor of LBC, but CA ruled that Mateo was illegally
LBC and Nio filed a petition to the Supreme Court seeking for the reversal of the decision
of the CA


Was Mateo illegally dismissed?


No. He was terminated for being negligent which is one of the just and authorized causes
in the labor code
The court ruled that he was grossly negligent in leaving the motorcycle without locking it
despite clear instruction not to do so
The substantial amount of loss suffered by the company as a result of the negligent act
justifies dispensing the habituality requirement of the Labor Code
The services of a regular employee may be terminated only for just or authorized causes,
including gross and habitual negligence under Article 282, paragraph (b) of the Labor
Code. Gross negligence is characterized by want of even slight care, acting or omitting to
act in a situation where there is a duty to act, not inadvertently but willfully and
intentionally with a conscious indifference to consequences insofar as other persons may
be affected.

In this case, an employer cannot legally be compelled to continue with the employment
of a person admittedly guilty of gross negligence in the performance of his duties. This
holds true especially if the employees continued tenure is patently inimical to the
employers interest. What happened was not a simple case of oversight and could not be
attributed to a simple lapse of judgment