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# Saint Paul University Surigao

## Corner San Nicolas & Rizal Streets

8400 Surigao City, Philippines

Project
In
Mechanics of Fluids

Submitted by:
RESULLAR, Dexter J.
BSEM III

Submitted to:
ENGR. MARDIE PONGCOL
Instructor

BOUYANCY

In our common experience we know that wooden objects float on water, but a
small needle of iron sinks into water. This means that a fluid exerts an upward force on
a body which is immersed fully or partially in it. The upward force that tends to lift the
body is called the buoyant force.
The buoyant force acting on floating and submerged objects can be estimated by
employing hydrostatic principle.

## A body immersed in a fluid experiences a vertical buoyant force which is equal to

the weight of the fluid displaced by the body and the buoyant force acts upward through
the centroid of the displaced volume.

Example:

A wooden log of 0.6 m in diameter and 5 m length is floating in river water. Find the
depth of the wooden log in water when the sp. Gravity of the log is 0.7.

Solution:

Given:

## Diameter of the log = 0.6 m

Length =5m
Sp. Gravity = 0.7

Thus,

= 700 kg/m3

## And, Weight density of the log,

w =xg

= (700)(9.81)[(/4)(D2)(L)]

= (700)(9.81) [(/4)(0.62)(5m)]

= 989.6 x 9.81 N

For equilibrium,

displaced)

Thus,

= 0.9896 m3

Note:

Thus,

## 0.9896 m3 = Area of ADCA x 5.0

And,
Area of ADCA = 0.9896/ 5.0

= 0.1979 m2

## For = 71, 71 57.32 x cos 71 x sin 71 54.01 = -0.376

Thus = 71.5o, 71.5 57.32 x cos 71.5 x sin 71.5 54.01 = +0.248

Then, h = r + r cos

= 0.395 m Answer