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Saint Paul University Surigao

Corner San Nicolas & Rizal Streets


8400 Surigao City, Philippines

Project
In
Mechanics of Fluids

Submitted by:
RESULLAR, Dexter J.
BSEM III

Submitted to:
ENGR. MARDIE PONGCOL
Instructor

BOUYANCY

In our common experience we know that wooden objects float on water, but a
small needle of iron sinks into water. This means that a fluid exerts an upward force on
a body which is immersed fully or partially in it. The upward force that tends to lift the
body is called the buoyant force.
The buoyant force acting on floating and submerged objects can be estimated by
employing hydrostatic principle.

A body immersed in a fluid experiences a vertical buoyant force which is equal to


the weight of the fluid displaced by the body and the buoyant force acts upward through
the centroid of the displaced volume.

Example:

A wooden log of 0.6 m in diameter and 5 m length is floating in river water. Find the
depth of the wooden log in water when the sp. Gravity of the log is 0.7.

Solution:

Given:

Diameter of the log = 0.6 m

Length =5m
Sp. Gravity = 0.7

Thus,

Density of log = (0.7)(1000)

= 700 kg/m3

And, Weight density of the log,

w =xg

= (700)(9.81)[(/4)(D2)(L)]

= (700)(9.81) [(/4)(0.62)(5m)]

= 989.6 x 9.81 N

For equilibrium,

Weight of wooden log = Weight of water displaced

= (Weight density of water)(Volume of water


displaced)

Thus,

Volume of water displaced = (989.6)(9.81)/ (1000)(9.81)

= 0.9896 m3

Note:

(weight density of water = 1000 x 9.81 N/m3)

Let h is the depth of immersion

Thus, Volume of log inside water = Area of ADCA x Length

= Area of ADCA x 5.0

But Volume of log inside water = Volume of water displaced = 0.9896 m3

Thus,

0.9896 m3 = Area of ADCA x 5.0

And,
Area of ADCA = 0.9896/ 5.0

= 0.1979 m2

But Area of ADCA = Area of curved surface ADCOA + Area of AOC

= r2 [360-20/360]+ r cos x 2r sin

= r2 [1-/180]+ r2 cos x r sin

Thus 0.9179 = (0.3)2 [1-/180]+ (0.3)2 cos x r sin

0.9179 = 0.2827 0.00157 + 0.9 cos sin

or 0.00157 + 0.9 cos sin = 0.2827 0.9179

(0.9/0.00157) cos sin = 0.0848/0.00157

or 57.32 cos sin = 54.01

or 57.32 cos sin - 54.01 = 0

For = 60, 60 57.32 x cos 60 x sin 60 54.01 = -18.82

For = 70, 70 57.32 x cos 70 x sin 70 54.01 = -2.41

For = 72, 72 57.32 x cos 72 x sin 72 54.01 = +1.14

For = 71, 71 57.32 x cos 71 x sin 71 54.01 = -0.376

Thus = 71.5o, 71.5 57.32 x cos 71.5 x sin 71.5 54.01 = +0.248

Then, h = r + r cos

= 0.3 + (0.3 x cos 71.5o)

= 0.3 + (0.3 x 0.3173)

= 0.395 m Answer