Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

Contents

Series Introduction

Preface xii

Foreword xiii

Part I - Keynote Papers

1. The Materials and Corrosion View of Wet Gas Transportation


S. D. KAPUSTA AND B. F. M. POTS

2. Modelling the Probability of Flow Induced Localised Corrosion from 24


Critical Hydrodynamic Data and Fracture Mechanics Data of Scales
from CO 2 Corrosion of Steel
G. SCHMITT,C. BOSCH AND M. MUELLER

Part 2 - Carbon and L o w A l l o y Steels 53

3. Controlling Risk Through Prediction of Degradation Mechanism 55


and Failure Modes in Pipelines
J. D. A. EDWARDS AND T. SrDBERCER

4. Effect of C h r o m i u m on Mesa Corrosion of Carbon Steel 63


R. NrBORG A. DUCSTAD AND P.-E. DRONEN

5. Formation of Protective Corrosion Films During CO 2 Corrosion of 70


Carbon Steel
A. DUCSTAD

6. On the Effect of Microstructure i n C O 2 Corrosion of Carbon Steel Welds 77


R. ANDREASSEN AND J. ENERHAU6

7. Influence of C h r o m i u m Addition up to 1% on Weight Loss Corrosion 84


of Line Pipe Steels in Wet CO 2 Environments
R. POPPERLING,Y. M. GUNALTUN,C. LINNEAND J. M. RIVREAU
vi Contents

8. Effect of Environmental Factors and Microstructure on CO 2 93


Corrosion of Carbon and Cr-bearing Steels
M. U~DA AND H. TAr,AB~

9. Effects of Chromium Contents of Low-alloyed Steel and of Dissolved 105


Oxygen in Aqueous Solution on Carbon Dioxide Corrosion
K. Nos~, T. ISHIrSUKA, H. ASAHI AND H. TAMEHmO

10. The Influence of Small Amounts of H2S o n C O 2 Corrosion of Iron 114


and Carbon Steel
J. KVAeEKVAL

11. Hydrogen-Related Stress Corrosion Cracking in Line Pipe Steel 120


L. V. NIeLSeN

12. The Role of Microstructure in Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistance of 127


Thermomechanically Processed High Strength Low Alloy Steels
A. GINGELLAND X. GARAr

13. The Effect of Microstructure on the Klscc of Low Carbon Low Alloy Steels 135
G. ECHANIZ, C. MORALES AND T. P~,REZ

14. Coiled Tubing and Pipe for CO 2 and H2S Service 141
R. P. BADRAK

15. Coiled Tubing Innovations for Corrosive Service 149


R. P. BADRAK

16. Weld C o r r o s i o n - Chemical, Electrochemical and Hydrodynamic 155


Issues, Inconsistencies and Models
J. L. DAWSON, J. W. PALMER, P. J. MORELAND AND G. E. DICK~N

17. Experimental Simulation of Multiphase Flow for Assessing System 170


Corrosivity
S. SRINIVASAN AND R. D. KANE

18. Investigation of Premature Failure of a Well fluid Pipeline in an Indian 180


Offshore Installation
A. K. SAMANT, W. K. SHARMA, S.THOMAS, P. F. ANTO AND S. K. SINGH

19. Corrosion Resistance of Thermomechanical Control Process (TMCP) 188


Steels for Cargo Oil Tanks of Very Large Crude Oil Carriers (VLCC)
H. MIYu~,I, A. USAM~, K. MASAMURA, Y. YAMAN~ AND Y. KOBArASHI

20. Effect of Applied Potential on Cracking of Low-alloyed Pipeline Steel 198


in Low pH Soil Environment
M. TouzEr, N. LovEz AND M. PUIG6ALI

21. Finding Optimum Positions for Field Signature Method (FSM) 210
Corrosion Monitoring of Oil and Gas Pipelines
P. O. GARrLAND
Contents vii

Part 3 - Martensitic Stainless Steels 217

22. Corrosion Resistance of Weldable Modified 13Cr Stainless 219


Steel for CO 2 Applications
H. TAKABE, H. AMAYA, H. HIKarA AND M. UEDA

23. Corrosion Performance of Weldable 12% Chromium Stainless Steel 231


Seamless Line Pipes
Y. MIYATA, M. KIMURA, T. TOYOOKA, Y. NAKANO AND F. MURASE

24. Corrosion Properties and Application Limit of Sour Resistant 242


13% Chromium Steel Tubing with Improved CO 2 Corrosion
Resistance
H. ASAHI, T. HAKa AND S. SAKAMOTO

25. Weldable 13% Chromium Steel: The Development of the Components 249
for a Wet Gas Piping System
J. I. DUFRANE, E. FRANCESCHETTI,I. HEATHERAND H. VAN DER W~NDEN

26. Fabricating Pipeline Bundles Using Modified Weldable 13% Chromium 259
Stainless Steel Flowlines
TRICIABARNETt

27. Corrosion Resistance of 13% Chromium Stainless Steel Welded Joints 267
in Flow Line Applications
M. UEDA, H. AMAYA, H. HIRATA, K. KONDO,Y. MURATA AND Y. KOM~ZO

28. Slow Strain Rate Testing of Low Carbon Martensitic Stainless Steels 274
TH. BOELLINGHAUS,H. HOFFMEISTERAND S. DIETRICH

29. On-line Sulfide Stress Cracking Monitoring of 13% Cr Pipe Welds 286
at Realistic Weld Restraint Conditions in the Instrumented Restraint
Cracking (IRC) Test
TH. BOELLINGHAUS,H. HOFFMEISTERAND M. LITTICH

30. Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide Partial Pressure, pH and Chloride 304


Content on the SSC Resistance of Martensitic Stainless Steels and
Martensitic Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels
D. D. VITALE

31. Evaluation of 13%Chromium Martensitic Stainless Steel in 314


H2S-Containing Environments by using the Contact Electric
Resistance and Impedance Techniques
K. SAARmEN AND J. HILD~N

32. Passivity and Passivity Breakdown of 13%Cr, 15%Cr and 13Cr5Ni2MoN 322
Stainless Steels in Chloride-Containing Solutions
N. DE CR~STOFARO
viii Contents

33. Serviceability of 13% Chromium Tubulars in Oil and Gas Production 332
Environments
M. S. CA YARD AND R. D. KANE

P a r t 4 - Corrosion R e s i s t a n t A l l o y s 341

34. Localised Corrosion of some Selected Corrosion Resistant Alloys 343


in the Presence of Very High Salinity
T. CHELDIAND L. ScoeeIo

35. High-Strength Corrosion Resistant Nickel-Base Alloys for Oilfield 352


Applications
E. L. HIBNER, C. S. TASSEN AND P. W. RICE

36. Effect of Alloy Nickel Content vs Pitting Resistance Equivalent 358


Number (PREN) on the Selection of Austenitic Oil Country Tubular
Goods for Sour Gas Service
E. L. HIBNER, C. S. TASSEN AND J. W. SKOGSBERG

37. Effect of Grain Size on Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistance of 363


Alloy G-3 (UNS N06985) OCTG in Sour Gas Environments
E. L. HIBNER AND C. S. TASSEN

P a r t 5 - G a l v a n i c Corrosion 367

38. Galvanic Corrosion m Principles and Practice for Use of Titanium 369
D. K. PEACOCK

39. Performance of Cold-worked Duplex Stainless Steels in Oilfield 379


Environments under Cathodic Charging Currents Appropriate to
Galvanic Coupling Conditions
A. J. GRIFFITHSAND A. TURNBULr

40. Galvanic Corrosion in Oil and Gas Environments 386


T. HARA, H. ASAHI AND H. KANETA
Contents

Part 6 - Corrosion Inhibitors 399

41. Adsorption Isotherms for an Amine Based Fatty Acid Corrosion 401
Inhibitor on Carbon Steel in CO2-Saturated Solutions
J. BUCHWEISHAIJAAND G. HAGEN

42. The Effect of Diamines o n C O 2 Corrosion of Low Carbon Steel 410


T. BURCHARDT,T. VALAND AND J. KVAREKVAL

43. Effect of Pre-Corrosion on the Performance of Inhibitors for CO 2 417


Corrosion of Carbon Steel
E. GULBRANDSEN,B. SUNDF/ER, S. M. HESJEVIK, S. SKIERVE, S. NESIC
AND T. BURCHARD

44. Field Trials Using a New Generation of Electrical Resistance 424


Probe for the Optimisation of Chemical Corrosion Inhibitors for
Oilfield Applications
B. RIDD, R. JOHNSENAND D. QUEEN

45. Inhibition of Vapour Phase Corrosion in Gas Pipelines 430


R. L. MARTIN

Part 7 - Non-Metallics 439

46. Service Experience with Glass Reinforced Epoxy Pipelines 441


and the Way Forward
S. R. FROST, M. R. KLEIN, S. J. PATERSONAND G. E. SCHOOLENBERG

47. New Ceramic-Metallic Materials for Choke Valves in Oil Production 453
C. H. AHLEN, E. BARDAL, L. MARKEN AND T. SOLEM

List of Abbreviations 461

Index 463