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SPEC 12K-89 0732290 007L070 7

Specification for Indirect Type


Oil=Field Heaters

API SPECIFICATION 12K (SPEC 12K)


SEVENTH EDITION, JUNE 1, 1989

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c American Petroleum Institute


1220 L Street, Northwest
Washington, DC 20005

41.
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
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Issued by
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE
Production Department

FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TECHNICAL CONTENTS OF


THIS PUBLICATION CONTACT THE API PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT,
2535 ONE MAIN PLACE, DALLAS, TX 75202 - (214) 748-3841.
SEE BACK SIDE FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING HOW TO OBTAIN
ADDITIONAL COPIES OF THIS PUBLICATION.

Users of this publication should become completely familiar with its scope
and content, including any provisions it may have regarding marking of
manufactured products. This document is intended to supplement rather than
replace individual engineering judgment.

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION

REG. US. PATENT OFFICE

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Copyright @ 1989 American Petroleum Institute

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SPEC 3 2 K - 8 9 10 7 3 2 2 9 0 8073072 or
2 American Petroleum Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Foreword.. .......................................................... 2
Policy ............................................................... 3
Sect. 1: Scope ........................................................ 4
Sect. 2: Terminology.. ............................................... 5
Sect. 3: Materials.. .................................................. 9
Sect. 4: Design ...................................................... 10
Sect. 5: Fabrication.. ................................................ 13
Sect. 6: Marking.. ................................................... 16
Sect. 7: Inspection and Rejection.. .................................... 17
Appendix A: Heater Design Information .............................. 18
Appendix B: Gas Flow R a t e . . ........................................ 20
Appendix C: Combustion Efficiency .................................. 21
Appendix D: Heat Transfer .......................................... 23
Appendix E: Structural Design Guidelines ............................ 24
Appendix F: Corrosion Guidelines .................................... 25
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Appendix G: Use of API Monogram .................................. 26

FOREWORD
This specification is under the jurisdiction of the API
Committee on Standardization of Production Equip-
ment.
Attention Users of this Publication: Portions of this
publication have been changed from the previous edi-
tion. The location of changes has been marked with a
bar in the margin. In some cases the changes are signif-
icant, while in other cases the changes reflect minor
editorial adjustments. The bar notations in the margins
are provided as an aid to users to identify those parts of
this publication that have been changed from the pre-
vious edition, but API makes no warranty as to the
accuracy of such bar notations.

NOTE: This edition supersedes the sixth edition and Requests for interpretations, revisions, w perniission
includes editorial approved at the 1988 Standardization to reproduce OT translate all or ang part of the material
Conference as reported in Cire. Ps-1858 and subse- published herein should be addressed to the Director,
quently approved bzj letter ballot. American Petroleum Institute, Production Department,
2535 One Main Place, Dallas T X 75202-3904.

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Spec 12K. Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 3

POLICY
API PUBLICATIONS NECESSARILY ADDRESS THING CONTAINED IN T H E PUBLICATION BE
PROBLEMS O F A G E N E R A L NATURE. WITH CONSTRUED AS INSURING ANYONE AGAINST
R E S P E C T TO PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES, LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT O F LETTERS
LOCAL, STATE AND FEDERAL LAWS AND REG- PATENT.
ULATIONS SHOULD B E REVIEWED.
GENERALLY, API STANDARDS ARE REVIEWED
API IS NOT UNDERTAKING TO MEET DUTIES AND REVISED, REAFFIRMED, OR WITHDRAWN
O F EMPLOYERS, MANUFACTURERS OR SUP- AT LEAST EVERY F I V E YEARS. SOMETIMES A
PLIERS TO WARN AND PROPERLY TRAIN AND ONE-TIME EXTENSION OF U P TO TWO YEARS
EQUIP THEIR EMPLOYEES, AND OTHERS EX- WILL BE ADDED TO THIS REVIEW CYCLE. THIS
POSED, CONCERNING HEALTH AND SAFETY PUBLICATION WILL NO LONGER B E IN E F F E C T
RISKS AND PRECAUTIONS, NOR UNDERTAKING FIVE YEARS AFTER ITS PUBLICATION DATE
THEIR OBLIGATIONS UNDER LOCAL, STATE, OR AS AN OPERATIVE API STANDARD OR, WHERE
FEDERAL LAWS. AN EXTENSION HAS BEEN GRANTED, UPON
REPUBLICATION. STATUS OF T H E PUBLICATION
NOTHING CONTAINED IN ANY APT PUBLICA- CAN BE ASCERTAINED FROM T H E API AUTHOR-
TION IS TO B E CONSTRUED AS GRANTING ANY ING DEPARTMENT (TEL. 214-748-3841).A CATALOG
RIGHT, BY IMPLICATION OR OTHERWISE, FOR O F A P I PUBLICATIONS AND MATERIALS IS
T H E MANUFACTURE, SALE, OR U S E O F ANY PUBLISHED ANNUALLY AND UPDATED QUAR-
METHOD, APPARATUS, OR PRODUCT COVERED TERLY BY API, 1220 L ST., N.W., WASHINGTON,
BY LETTERS PATENT. NEITHER SHOULD ANY- D.C. 20005.

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4 American Petroleum Institute

SECTION 1
SCOPE
1.1 Coverage. This specification covers minimum ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials,
requirements for the design, fabrication, and shop test- 1916 Race St., Philadelphia, PA 19103
ing of oil-field type indirect fired heaters used in the
production of oil, gas, and their associated fluids. They AISC: American Institute of Steel Construction, 101
are usually located at some point on the producing flow- Park Ave., New York, NY 10017
line between the wellhead and pipeline. Heater compo- NACE: National Association of Corrosion Engineers,
nents covered by this specification include the pressur- P.O. Box 218340, Houston, TX 77218
ized coils, the shell, heater bath, firetube and the firing
system.
1.3 American Petroleum Institute (API) Specifica-
Termination of a heater coil shall be at the first bevel tions are published as aids to the procurement of stand-
when coils are furnished beveled for welding, or the ardized equipment and materials, as well as instruc-
face of the first fitting when fittings are furnished as tions t o manufacturers of equipment or materials
the inlet or outlet connection to the coil. All fittings and covered by an API Specification. These Specifications
valves between the inlet and outlet of the coil are to be are not intended to obviate the need for sound engineer-
considered Githin the coil limit. ing, nor to inhibit in any way anyone from purchasing
Heaters outside the scope of this specification include or producing products to other specifications.
steam and other vapor generators, reboilers, indirect
1.4 The formulation and publication of API Specifi-
heaters employing heat media other than water solu-
tions, all types of direct fired heaters, shell-and-tube cations and the API monogram program is not intended,
bundles or electrical heating elements, and coils operat- in any way, to inhibit the purchase of products from
ing a t temperatures less than -20'F. companies not licensed to use the API monogram.

1.2 Referenced Documents. Industry Codes, Speci- 1.5 API Specifications may be used by anyone desir-
fications and Recommended Practices are referenced in ing to do so, and a diligent effort has been made by the
this specification and, as applicable and referenced, Institute to assure the accuracy and reliability of the
become requirements of API Spec 12K. Unless other- data contained herein. However, the Institute makes no
wise specified, the latest editions and revisions of this representation, warranty, or guarantee in connection
specification, and the referenced industry codes, specifi- with the publication of any API Specification and hereby
cations, recommended practices and other requirements expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for
current at the time of publication should be considered loss or damage resulting from its use, for any violation
applicable at the time of manufacture of Indirect Heat- of any federal, state, or municipal regulation with

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ers conforming to this specification. Referenced docu- which an API Specification may conflict, OE for the
ments may be obtained from the following sources. infringement of any patent resulting from the use of an
API Specification.
ANSI: American National Standards Institute, 1430
Broadway, New York, NY 10018 1.6 Any manufacturer producing equipment or
API: American Petroleum Institute, Production materials represented as conforming with an API Spec-
Department, 211 N. Ervay, Suite 1700, Dallas, ification is responsible for complying with all the provi-
sions of that Specification. The American Petroleum
TX 75201
Institute does not represent, warrant or guarantee that
ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, such products do in fact conform to the applicable API
345 E. 47th St., New York, NY 10017 standard or specification.

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SPEC 32K-7 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 007L075 b p
Spec 12K:Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 5

SECTION 2
TERMINOLOGY
2.1 Introduction. Heating of oil and gas streams 2.8 Firetube. Natural gas is normally used to fire
close to the wellhead is normally done for the purpose of the heater through a submerged furnace chamber
preventing hydrate or wax formation. Wellstream heat- called the firetube. The firetube normally consists of
ing may also be done to prevent liquids from condens- one or more U-tubes fired a t one end and exhausting
ing in the gathering line or to facilitate subsequent through a vertical stack for each U-tube. In larger
fluid separations. heaters the firetube may consist of a large diameter
An indirect type oil field heater employs a water solu- first pass firetube and multiple return tubes manifolded
tion, maintained below the boiling point, as the heating into a common stack. The firetube is that portion of the
medium for the purpose of heating the process fluids in firebox in contact with the heater bath.
the coils. Refer to Figure 2.1, entitled Typical Indirect 2.9 Fusion. The melting together of filler material
Heater Assembly, showing general arrangement of and base material, or of base material only, which
heater components, piping and instrumentation. results in coalescence.
2.2 B u r n e r System. Firing the heater requires a 2.10 Heater Bath. The indirect heating medium is
burner system designed for the specific fuel to be used referred to as the heater bath and within the scope of
and may be either natural or forced draft design. When this specification the heater bath is limited to water or
multiple U-tubes are used, they should be designed to water solutions. When freezing is possible, ethylene
use separate burners, pilots and stacks. The burner sys- glycol may be added for anti-freeze protection. Other
tem includes the firing accessories. Intake flame arres- additives to the water bath may include corrosion
tors and other optional burner accessories as listed in inhibitors.
Appendix A may also be included.
2.11 Heat Density. This term is commonly applied to
2.3 Choke. A device to restrict and control the flow the heat release through the cross section of the fire-
rate of well fluids. It may have a positive fixed orifice tube, expressed as BTU/hour/square inch of cross sec-
with removable bean or an adjustable variable orifice. tional area.
The choke may be located upstream of the coil, between
passes i n the coil bundle, or on the coil outlet. A sub- 2.12 Heat Flux. This term is commonly applied to
1 merged or long nose choke may be used with pressure the average transfer rate through the firetube, ex-
reduction taking place within the water bath to mini- pressed as BTU/hour/square foot of exposed area.
mize hydrate formation. 2.13 Indication, linear. A closed surface area mark-
2.4 Coil Area. The coil area is the heat transfer area ing or denoting a discontinuity requiring evaluation,
and is normally calculated using the outside surface whose longest dimension is a t least three times the
area of the pipe. width of the indication.
2.14 Indication, rounded. A closed surface area
2.5 Coils. The fluid to be heated is passed through marking or denoting a discontinuity requiring evalua-
. one or more coils which may be typically arranged as a tion, whose longest dimension is at least three times the
single pass coil, split pass coil, or spiral coil, illustrated width of the indication.
in Fig. 2.2. The coil may also be referred to as a tube
bundle. The single pass coil is normally a serpentine 2.15 Intake F l a m e Arrestor. A device placed on the
pattern with only one flow path. This coil may also be air intake of the firetube to prevent propagation of
arranged to provide two or more parallel flow paths for flame from inside the firetube to the outside atmos-
reduced pressure drop, but i t is still referred to as a phere. It normally consists of a corrugated aluminum
single pass coil. The split pass coil may be designed for cell mounted in a metal housing which attaches to the
two pressure ratings, allowing for a choke to be located firebox.
between the two coil sections. Split pass coils are used 2.16 Removable. Total component is field replace-
when i t is necessary to use two heating stages to mini- able without welder assistance.
mize hydrate formation within the coil. The spiral coil
is generally used on smaller heaters and is normally a 2.17 Shell. The shell is normally a horizontal vessel
single pass coil. Multiple coils may be used if more than which contains the coil, firetube and heater bath.
one well stream is processed in the same heater shell. 2.18 S l a g Inclusion. Nonmetallic solid material
entrapped in weld metal or between weld metal and
2.6 Fill Connection. This connection on the top of the base metal.
shell shall be provided with a pressure-vacuum venting
device. If a water saver is furnished, the fill and vent 2.19 Spark Arrestor. A device placed on the exhaust
connection may be integral with it. of the stack to prevent sparks from being emitted to the
outside atmosphere. It normally consists of a metallic
2.7 Firebox. A complete assembly consisting of the wire screen attached across the top diameter of the
firetube, mounting flange, intake and stack adaptors. stack.
1

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2.23 Undercut. A groove melted into the basic mate-
rial adjacent to the toe or root of a weld and left
unfilled by weld material.

2.24 Water Saver. A chamber may be directly con-


nected to the heater shell to permit the shell to be com-
pletely filled with water. The water in this chamber
exists at a lower temperature than the heater bath
which reduces evaporation losses. It may also be
referred to as an economizer or expansion tank. Its
capacity should be sufficient to contain the water
expansion between ambient and operating tempera-
tures.

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SPEC L2K-89 1 O732290 0073077 T I-'
Spec 12K:Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 7

!-STACK ACCESSORIES*

ATER SAVER*(SEE PAR. 2.10)


FILL b VENT CONNECTION
STACK (SEE PAR. 2.6)

BURNER

*STACK
SAMPLE
1 *
PORT

-PILOT SHUTDOWN DEVIC

LEGEND

8 TI TEMPERATURE INDICATOR

TC TEM PE RATURE O ONTROLLER


FUEL G A S *

8 C
V PRESSURE-REDUCING REGULATOR

@ SHUT-DOWN
TEMP. CONTROL VALVE

VALVE
DRAIN SCRUBBER

@ RELIEF VALVE rir OPTIONAL ITEM

@ PRESSURE INDICATOR
@ HAND CONTROL VALVE
@ STRAINER
FIG. 2.1
TYPICAL INDIRECT HEATER ASSEMBLY

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II

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Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 9

SECTION 3
MATERIALS
3.0 General. Material to be used in the construction manufacturers standards. Where components are to be
of indirect heaters is listed in this Section. When speci- welded, the heater manufacturer shall obtain chemical
fied b y the purchaser, pressure retaining components . and mechanical properties for the material sufficient to
exposed to hydrogen sulfide shall meet the require- establish properly qualified welding procedures as
ments of NACE Standard MR-01-75. required by Section 5.

3.1 Coils. Materials for indirect heater coils, includ- 3.5 Bolting. Bolting for flanges and other pressure
ing the fuel gas preheat coil if used, shall be seamless retaining connections shall conform to ASTM A193,
pipe conforming to one of the following Specifications: Grade B7 with nuts conforming to ASTM A194, Grade
2H. Where service conditions require bolting having
API Spec 5L Grade B, Seamless lower tensile strength, flange working pressure shall be
ASTM A53 Grade B, Seamless derated in accordance with ANSI/ASME B16.5 or API
ASTM A106 Grade B or Grade C, Seamless Spec 6A. Bolting for heater shells, st.acks, etc., shall
conform to Appendix A of API Spec 12B or ASTM
3.2 Flanges. Flanges and Clamp Type Connectors A307.
shall conform to ANSI/ASME B16.5 r A P I Spec 6A.
Material shall conform to the following Specifications: 3.6 Shells, Firetubes a n d Stacks. Material for shells,
structural supports, firetubes, and stacks shall be
ANSI Flanges: ASTM A105 selected from applicable ASTM or BPI specifications
API Flanges and Clamp Type Connectors: API Spec 6A for weldable carbon steel.
Type 6B (2000-5000 psi), API Type 4 Material
Materials suitable for these applications include but
Type 6BX (10,000 psi), API Type 2 Material are not limited to the following:
Type 6BX (15,000 psi), API Type 3 Material
a) Plate: ASTM A36; ASTM A283 Grade C; ASTM
3.3 Fittings. Fittings such as couplings, return bends, A285 Grade C; ASTM A515; ASTM A516
ells, tees, etc., shall conform to ASTM A234 Grade
WPB or WPC, or to the manufacturers standard as b) Pipe: API 5L Grade B; ASTM A53 Grade B;
appropriate. The flow area of return bends, ells, and ASTM A106 Grade B
tees shall not be less than 90% of the flow area of the
Pipe may be either seamless or welded.
coil pipe.
e) Sheet: ASTM A569; ASTM A570
-3.4 Proprietary Fittings. Material for fittings such
as chokes, valves and unions shall conform to the fitting d) Shapes: ASTM A36

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SPEC L2K-7 10732290 0071080 T I -

10 American Petroleum Institute

SECTION 4
DESIGN
4.1 Coil Design. The minimum design requirements 4.1.1.2 The required wall thickness (t,) for
for indirect heater coils shall be in accordance with the maximum non-shock internal work-
following: ing pressure (P) shall be calculated
by Equation 1.
4.1.1 Coil Working Pressure. The minimum
required thickness or maximum working tr= PD + c ........... (1)
pressure shall be determined in accordance 2(S + PY)
with the following equations which are
based on ANSI/ASME B31.3. 4.1.1.3 The maximum internal working
pressure (P) may be calculated by
4.1.1.1 The following nomenclature is used Equation 2.2
in coil design calculations:
T = Nominal wall thickness of P = S(tm - C) . * * . . . . . . (2)
pipe as listed in ANSI D - 2 Y(tm - C)
B36.10, or from manufac-
turer's schedules for other 4.1.2 The maximum design temperature rating
than listed thickness. shall be 250'F.

tm = Minimum wall thickness of 4.1.3 Working Pressure of Flanges, Valves, and


pipe as listed in the pipe Fittings
specification. F o r nominal 4.1.3.1 Pressure rating for flanges attached
thicknesses listed in ANSI to coils shall be determined in accord-
B36.10, t,, = 0.875 (T)I. For ance with ANSI/ASME B16.6 or
thicknesses not listed in API Spec 6A. Pressure ratings for
ANSI B36.10, pipe may be clamp type connectors attached to
o r d e r e d a n d certified t o coils and valves, chokes or fittings
minimum wall thickness. In with flanged or clamp type con-
all cases, tm shall be equal nections shall be determined in
to or greater than t,. accordance with API Spec 6A. The
t, = Required wall thickness, as nominal bore of t h e butt-weld
calculated for internal pres- flanges and fittings shall be the
sure, including mechanical, same as the nominal inside diame-
corrosion and erosion allow- ter of the pipe to which they are
welded, provided the bore does not
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ances.
exceed the maximum permitted by
C = T h e s u m of m e c h a n i c a l the applicable specification.
allowances for thread depth
plus corrosion allowance 4.1.3.2 Pressure ratings for proprietary
plus erosion allowance in valves, fittings, unions and chokes
inches. For threaded pipe, attached to or supplied with coils
the thread allowance shown shall be the rating supplied by the
in Table 4.3 shall be used. manufacturer of the component.
Where the component is classified
P = Maximum non-shock inter- only by test pressure, the maximum
nal working pressure, psig. working pressure shall not exceed
67 percent of the test pressure.
S = Allowable stress, psi, as
shown in Table 4.1. 4.1.3.3 Pressure ratings for forged steel
socket-welded and threaded cou-
Y = Coefficient of 0.4 when T is
plings and fittings attached to or
less than D/6. When T is
supplied with coils shall not exceed
equal to or greater than D/6,
the applicable pressure class of the
Y=-d fitting as described in ANSI/AMSE
d+D B16.11.
D = Outside diameter of pipe, 10.875 is a factor which allows for the pipe manufactur-
inches. er's mill tolerance ( E % %of nominal wall thickness).
d = Nominal inside diameter of 2When computing the internal working pressure the
pipe, inches. For calculating
Y , d = D-2T.
value of P may be rounded up to the next higher unit of
10 psig.
(

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SPEC l2K-7 i0732290 007LOBl

Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 11

4.1.4 The maximum internal working pressure sideration shall be given to supports to
for various commonly used nominal pipe ascertain structural integrity. The manu-
sizes is tabulated in Table 4.2. Where a coil facturer shall consider loads imposed by
assembly contains components s u c h as testing, lifting, transportation, wind, earth-
unions, chokes, flanges, etc., having a lower quake, and normal operation.
working pressure, the coil shall be rated at
4.2.6 Some suggested structural design proce-
the lowest working pressure of any com-
dures and guidelines a r e given in Appendix
ponent.
E.
4.1.5 H i g h e r Coil Working Pressure. Heater
coils f o r pressures g r e a t e r t h a n those T A B L E 4.1
determined in accordance with Equation 2 Maximum Allowable Coil Stress (S)
of Par. 4.1.1.3 shall not be furnished under Material Grade Maximum
this specification. Specification Allowable
4.1.6 Coil Removal. The coil section shall be Stress (psi)
removable from the shell opposite from the -20F to 250F
firebox end to facilitate inspection and API 5L B 20,000
repair. The coil section shall be adequately ASTM A53 B 20,000

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supported for normal operation and ship- ASTM A106 B 20,000
ment. ASTM A106 C 23,300
4.2 Shell Design. The minimum requirements for
indirect heater shells shall be in accordance with the
4.3 Standard Firebox Rating. Firebox ratings for
following (See Appendix E): heaters conforming to this specification shall be as
4.2.1 Shell Working Pressure. The shell shall listed in Table 4.4 and specified on the purchase order,
be designed to operate at or near atmos- unless otherwise agreed upon between the purchaser
pheric pressure. In no case shall the operat- and manufacturer. The firebox shall be removable from
ing pressure exceed 1psig. the shell opposite from the coil end to facilitate inspec-
tion and repair. The firebox shall he adequately sup-
4.2.2 Shell Form. The shell may be either cylin- ported for normal operation and shipment.
drical with flat end closures that may
either be welded or bolted to the shell, or 4.4 Firetube Heat Flux. The average heat flux
rectangular with a structural framework to (BTU/hr/sq. ft. of exposed area) should be within range
which flat plates are welded on the top, of 10,000 to 12,000 for glycol/water bath. The heat flux
bottom, and sides. may be increased for fresh water bath applications.
4.2.3 Minimum Thickness. The minimum thick- Example: 8%'' OD firetube having 44.3 square feet of
ness of cylindrical and rectangular shells f i r e t u b e s u r f a c e and r a t e d @ 500,000
shall be 3h6 inch in the case of plate or 7 BTU/hr.
gage (0.1793 inch nominal) in the case of
sheet. These minimum thicknesses also A~~~~~~Heat ~l~~ = Firetube Rating (BTU/hr) =
apply to end closures for cylindrical shells. Sq. Ft. of Firetuhe Surface
The minimum thickness shall be increased 5001000 = 11,287 BTU/hr/sq. ft.
as necessary to meet design requirements. 44.3
4.2.4 Allowable Stresses. The allowable stresses 4.5 Firetube Heat Density (heat released through the
used in all structural calculations shall be cross-sectional area of the firetube) is regulated by the
in accordance with the American Institute burner mixer and burner nozzle. Heaters conforming to
of Steel Construction Manzcal. Allowable this specification will have a maximum heat density of
shear stress is 40% of the specified min- 15,000 BTU/hr/sq. in. for natural draft burners.
imum yield, allowable tensile and compres-
sion stresses are 60% of the specified min- Example: 8%'' OD, 0.188'' wall, firetube rated for
imum yield, and allowable bending stresses 500,000 BTU/hr
are 66% of the specified minimum yield
strength. Specified minimum yield strength Cross Sectional Area = 53.42 sq. in.
is to be taken from the appropriate mate- Assume 70%Efficiency
rial specification. Firetube Rating (BTU/hr)
Heat Density =
4.2.5 Support Design. Cylindrical shells are nor- (Cross Sectional Area, in2) (Efficiency)
mally supported on two saddles or with
angle legs. Rectangular shells are normally 5009000 = 13,371 BTU/hr/sq. in.
supported on a structural steel skid. Con- 53.42 x 0.70

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SPEC L 2 K - 7 1
- 0732270 0073082 3

12 American Petroleum Institute

TABLE 4.2
Maximum Coil Working Pressure (P)
c=o
,,,t = 0.875T
T P P
Nominal Nominal Maximum Working Maximum Working
Pipe Wail, in. Pressure*, psig Pressure*, psig
Size, in. Grade B Grade C
s = 20,000 S = 23,300
1 xs 0.179 5,270 __
2 std 0.154 2,380 __
2 xs 0.218 3,440 --
2 xxs 0.436 7,340 8,560
2% Std 0.203 2,600 --
2% xs 0.276 3,610 __
2% xxs 0.552 7,770 9,050
2% 0.750 10,720 12,490
2% 0.875 12,530 14,600
3std 0.216 2,260 __
3 xs 0.300 3,200 __
3 xxs 0.600 6,820 7,940
4 Std 0.237 1,920 __
4 xs 0.337 2,770 _-
4 xxs 0.674 5,860 6,830
6 Std 0.280 1,530 __
6 XS 0.432 2,400 --
6 XXS 0.864 5,030 5,860
8 Std 0.322 1,350 __
8 XS 0.500 2,120 --
8 XXS 0.875 3,830 4,460
*Maximum working pressure (P) has been rounded up to the next higher unit of 10 psig.

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TABLE 4.3 4.6 Stack Height. The height of the stack shall be no
T h r e a d Allowance F o r Pipe Wall less than required to provide draft sufficient to over-
Thickness Calculations come the pressure drop in firetube, stack, returns, and
Nominal Thread any stack or flame arrestors. The operating site eleva-
Pipe Size, in. Depth, in.* tion shall be considered in the draft calculations. The
purchaser shall advise the manufacturer of the site
%-Y4 0.0571 elevation.
1-2 0.0696
534-8 0.1000

*From ANSI/ASME B2.1- 1968

TABLE 4.4
Standard Firebox Rating
Based on Heat Input to the W a t e r Bath

BTU/hr BTU/hr

100,000 2,000,000
250,000 2,500,000
500,000 3,000,000
750,000 3,500,000
1,000,000 4,000,000
1,500,000 5,000,000

-__
\
O906 E-6
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC L2K-69 0 7 3 2 2 q 0 0073083 5r
Spec 12K Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 13

SECTION 5
FABRICATION

5.1 General. The manufacturer of the completed the ASME B&PV Code. The results of all
indirect heater shall be responsible for assuring that all tests shall be recorded and certified on a
material, design, fabrication procedures, examinations, Welder Performance Qualification (WPQ)
inspections and tests required by this specification have by the manufacturer for each welder and
been met. The purchaser may make any investigations welding operator. Qualification of individu-
necessary to satisfy himself of compliance by the manu- als employed by one manufacturer shall not
facturer and may reject any item that does not comaly qualify them for employment by any other
with this specification. manufacturer without requalification.
5.2 Coil Fabrication. The following specific require- 5.2.5 Pipe Bends. Pipe may be bent by any hot
ments shall apply to coils, including fuel gas preheat or cold method which will result in arc sur-
coils, and all pressure retaining parts within the scope faces free of cracks and substantially free
of this specification attached to coils. of buckles.
5.2.1 Welding Processes. The following welding 5.2.5.1 The minimum center-line radius of
processes as defined by Section IX of the bends shall be 1%times the nomi-
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) nal pipe size.
Code are accepfable: Shielded Metal Arc 5.2.5.2 Flattening of a bend as measured
(SMAW), S u b m e r g e d A r c (SAW), Gas by the difference between the max-
Metal Arc (GMAW) including flux core imum and minimum diameter at
(FCAW), and Gas Tungsten Arc (GTAW). any cross section shall not exceed
8%of the nominal outside diameter.
5.2.2 Welding Procedure Specifications. Each
manufacturer shall prepare or obtain de- 5.2.5.3 The minimum wall thickness of a
tailed written Welding Procedure Specifi- bend after bending shall not be less
cations (WPS) outlining all essential, nones- than the minimum wall thickness
sential and supplementary essential vari- (t,) as defined in Par. 4.1.1.1.
ables as required by Section IX of the 5.2.5.4 After cold bending, stress relieving
ASME B&PV Code. Materials used in is required when the extreme fiber
welding that are not classified under the elongation of the outside periphery
ASME P-Number base material groupings of the bend exceeds 15%. Stress
shall be qualified in accordance with the relieving, when required, will be
methods specified in Section IX. I t is the done in accordance with the provi-
responsibility of the heater manufacturer to sions for Heat Treatment as de-
justify any base material and/or filler metal scribed in ANSI/ASME B31.3.
groupings that are not classified in Section
IX. 5.2.6 Nondestructive Examination. AI1 compo-
nents and welds shall as a minimum be
5.2.3 Welding Procedure Qualifications. Each visually examined during and after fabri-
manufacturer shall qualify the procedures cation. Visual examination is the observa-
he intends to use in production by produc- tion of the portion of components, joints
ing weldments and having mechanical tests and other piping elements that are exposed
performed as required by Section IX of the to view before, during, or after manufac-
ASME B&PV Code. Where controlled hard- ture, fabrication, assembly, or testing to
necs is required by NACE MR-01-75, the assure compliance with this specification
maximum hardness of the base materials, and the manufacturers drawings.
the weld metal, and the heat affected zone
5.2.6.1 In addition to the requirements of
may be determined on the Procedure Quali-
Par. 5.2.6, coils fabricated from
fication. The results of all tests shall be
e x t r a s t r o n g (XS) pipe through
recorded and certified on Procedure Quali-
double-extra strong (XXS) pipe in-
fication Records (PQR) by the manufac-
clusive shall have 10% of the cir-
turer to support each WPS. Qualification
c u m f e r e n t i a l b u t t welds radio-
by one manufacturer shall not qualify a
graphed. The weld selection is to be
WPS for any other manufacturer.
random and each weld selected is
5.2.4 Welder Qualifications. Each manufacturer to be radiographically examined
shall qualify all welders and welding oper- over its entire length. The method
ators employed in coil welding in accord- of radiography shall be in accord-
ance with the requirements of Section IX of ance with the latest edition of the

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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SPEC L2K-89 3 0732290 8073084 p
14 American Petroleum Institute

ASME B&PV Code, Section V, shall be a 60" tapered drill with a diameter
Article 2. The limits of imperfec- of from I/,[ to .[,/3 The depth shall be
tions are given in Table 5.1. measured a t the tip of the drill. The hole
shall be drilled normal to the surface
5.2.6.1.1 Any defective weld shall where deterioration is expected. When
r e qu i r e two add it i on al safety drilling is specified on the purchase
welds of the same kind, order, 180" return bends shall be drilled as
by the same welder, be indicated in Figure 5.1 or in other locations
given the same type of as specified by the purchaser.
examination. If the two
items are found satisfac-
tory, the defective item
shall be repaired or re-
placed and reexamined
POINT OF
and all the items repre- DRILLING
sented by the additional
examination shall be ac-
cepted. However, should
the additional weld exami-
nation reveal a defect, all
the welds shall either be
repaired or replaced and
reexamined as required FIG. 5.1
or fully examined and SAFETY DRILLING O F RETURN BENDS
repaired or replaced as
necessary, and reexamined
5.2.8 P o s t w e l d Heat T r e a t m e n t . When the
as necessary to meet the
nominal wall thickness of a welded joint is
requirements of this section.
equal to or greater than % I ' , the welded
5.2.6.2 In addition to the requirements of joints shall be stress relieved in accordance
Par. 5.2.6, coils fabricated from with the provisions for Heat Treatment as
pipe having a wall thickness greater described in ANSI/ASME B31.3.
than double-extra strong (XXS) shall 5.2.9 Hydrostatic Test. Heater coils shall be
have 100% of the circumferential hydrostatically tested to one and one-half
butt welds radiographically exam- times the maximum internal working pres-
ined. Each circumferential butt weld sure as calculated by Formula 2 of Par.
is to be radiographically examined 4.1.1.3 with no allowance for corrosion or
over its entire length. The method erosion, or the limiting maximum working
of radiography shall be in accord- pressure as determined by P a r . 4.1.4.
ance with the latest edition of the Where test pressures higher than specified
ASME B&PV Code, Section V , above are required, the maximum coil
Article 2. The limits of imperfec- working p r e s s u r e shall b e reduced if
tions are given in Table 5.1. required to assure that the test pressure
5.2.6.2.1 Defective welds shall be will not cause any material to be stressed
repaired or replaced and above 90% of the minimum specified yield
the new work shall be strength. Following the application of the
reexamined by the same hydrostatic test pressure, a visual inspec-
method, to the same ex- tion shall be made of all welded joints. This
tent, and by the same inspection shall be made at a pressure not
acceptance criteria as re- less than two-thirds of the test pressure.
quired for the original Any leaks revealed d u r i n g t h i s visual
work. inspection will be repaired by welding
after the water is drained. The coil shall be
5.2.7 Telltale Holes. When specified by the pur- retested. It is recommended that the liquid
chaser, return bends in heater coils shall be temperature during hydrostatic test be not
drilled with telltale holes to provide some less than 60F.
positive indication when the thickness has
been reduced by corrosion or erosion. The 5.3 Shell, Firetube, Stack and Accessories shall be
depth shall be 50% plus or minus 0.015" of fabricated and assembled using good workmanship to
the minimum wall thickness (tm) of the assure compliance with the manufacturers drawings
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

pipe as defined in Par. 4.1.1.1. The drill and this specification. The completed heater shell shall

..
0908 E-8
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC 12K-89 0732290 0071085 9
Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 15

be leak tested after the coil(s) and firetube(s) have been weld spatter, and the outside of the shell coated with
installed, examined for excessive distortion of flat sec- one application of a good grade of commercial metal
tions, and any deficiencies repaired. primer. Finish coats or special painting systems shall
5.4 Painting. Before shipment, heaters shall be
mechanically cleaned of rust, grease, loose scale, and I be applied if so agreed upon between the purchaser and
the manufacturer,

TABLE 5.1
LIMITATIONS ON IMPERFECTIONS IN CIRCUMFERENTIALBUTT WELDS
VISUAL AND RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION

Paragraph 5.2.6 5.2.6.1 5.2.6.2


Visual Random 100%
Cracks none. permitted none permitted none permitted
Lack of fusion none permitted (1) none permitted none permitted

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
Incomplete penetration note (1) (2) note (2) none permitted
Internal porosity NIA note (4) note (3)
Slag inclusion or elongated WA note (6) note (5)
indications
Undercutting lesser of 1/32 in. or T/4 lesser of 1/32 in. or T/4 lesser of 1/32 in. or T/4
Surface porosity and none permitted
exposed slag inclusion
Concave root surface note (1)(7)
(suck-up)
Reinforcement or protrusion note (8)
(1) Applicable only where the interior surface at the weld is accessible for direct visual examination.
(2) The depth of incomplete penetration shall not exceed the lesser of 1/32 in. or 0.2". The total length of such imperfections shall not
exceed 1.5 in. in any 6 in. of weld length.
(3) Criteria as given in the latest edition of the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix 4.
(4) Porosity shall not exceed the following: for T not over 1/4 in., same as note (2): for T greater than 1/4 in., 1.5 times the limits of
note (2)
(5) The developed length of any single slag inclusion or elongated indication shall not exceed T/3. The total cumulative developed
length of slag inclusions and/or elongated indications shall not exceed T in any 12T length of weld. The width of a slag inclusion
shall not exceed the lesser of 3/32 in. or T/3.
(6) The developed length of any single slag inclusion or elongated indication shall not exceed 2T.The total cumulative developed
length of slag inclusions and/or elongated indications shall not exceed 4T in any 6 in. length of weld. The width of a slag inclusion
shall not exceed the lesser of 1/8 in. or T/2.
(7) Concavity of the root surface shall not reduce the total thickness of the joint, including reinforcement, to less than the T.
(8) The height is measured from the surfaces of the adjacent components. The lesser of two measurements, in any plane through the
weld, shall not exceed the applicable value below. Weld metal shall merge smoothly into the component surfaces.

Weld Reinforcement or
T, inches Internal Weld Protrusion, inches
114 and under 0.0625
over 114 to 112 0.125
over 1/2 to 1 0.15625
over 1 0.1875

,-
OPOP
.
E-9

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
I 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 007108b Or
16 American Petroleum Institute

SECTION 6
MARKING

6.1 Nameplate. Indirect heaters furnished to this 5. Coil pipe size ani- ;c..edule for each section.*
specification shall be identified by two corrosion resist- 6. Coil area, sq. ft.*
ant nameplates, one on the shell and one on the coil. 7. Coil weight empty, Ibs.
8. Coil maximum working pressure, psig.*
6 . 2 S h e l l N a m e p l a t e . One nameplate shall be 9. Additional markings desired by the manufacturer
securely attached to the shell bearing the information or requested by the purchaser are not prohibited.
shown in Figure 6.1 which is:
1. Spec 12K. *Where split-pass coils are provided, the number, size,
2. Manufacturers name. area, and maximum working pressure shall be indi-
3. Manufacturers serial number. cated for each coil section. Coil maximum working
4. Year built. pressure shall be determined using the lowest pressure
5. Shell weight empty, Ibs (excluding coil weight). rating of any component in the coil as defined in Par.
6. Firebox rating, BTU/hr. 4.1.4.
7. Firetube area, sq. ft. 6.4 Coil Connection. I t is recommended that the coil
8. Shell size, OD x length. connections be permanently marked as inlet and outlet,
9. Additional markings desired by the manufacturer particularly in the case of split-pass coils.
or requested by the purchaser are not prohibited.
6.3 Coil Nameplate. One nameplate shall be securely *Users of this specification should note that there is no longer a
attached to the coil cover plate bearing the information requirement for marking a product with the API monogram.
The American Petroleum Institute continues to license use of
shown in Figure 6.2 which is:
the monogram on products covered by this specification but it
1. Spec 12K. is administered by the staff of the Institute separately from the
2. Manufacturers name. specification. The policy describing licensing and use of the
3. Manufacturers serial number. monogram is contained in Appendix G, herein. No other use of
4. Year built. the monogram is permitted.
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

MAN U FACTURER
SERIAL NUMBER
SPEC YEAR BUILT
12K SHELL WEIGHT EMPTY, LBS
FIREBOX RATING, BTU/HR
FIREBOX AREA, SQ PT
SHELL SIZE, OD X LENGTH

12K-6.1
FIG. 6.1
SUGGESTED INDIRECT H E A T E R SHELL NAMEPLATE FORMAT
(See Par. 6.2)

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 17

MAN UFACTURER
SERIAL NUMBER
SPEC YEAR BUILT
COIL WEIGHT EMPTY, LBS
12K
SIZE AND COIL AREA MAXIMUM
COIL SCHEDULE SQ. FT. WORKING PRESS., PSIG

12K-6.2
FIG. 6.2
SUGGESTED INDIRECT H E A T E R COIL NAMEPLATE FORMAT
(See Par. 6.3)

SECTION 7
INSPECTION AND REJECTION

7.1 Inspection b y the Purchaser. Where inspection chase order, and shall be so conducted as not to inter-
is required by the purchaser, the extent of such inspec- fere unnecessarily with the manufacturers operations.
tion should be stated on the purchase order. Where the
inspector representing the purchaser desires to inspect 7.3 R e j e c t i o n . Material which shows injurious
heaters purchased or witness any specification tests or defects on initial inspection or subsequent to acceptance
evaluate the results of any nondestructive examinations, at manufacturers works, or which proves defective
the manufacturer shall give reasonable notice of the when properly applied in service, may be rejected, and
time at which such inspections should be made. the manufacturer so notified. If tests that require the
destruction of material are made, the purchaser shall
7.2 Inspection. While work on the contract of the pay for material and tests complying with all of the
purchaser is being performed, the inspector represent- provisions of this specification, but shall not pay for
ing the purchaser shall have free entry at all times to --`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
material or tests which fail to meet the specifications.
all parts of the manufacturers works which concern
the manufacture of the material ordered. The manufac- 7.4 Compliance. The manufacturer is responsible for
turer shall afford, without charge, all reasonable facili- complying with all of the provisions of this specifica-
ties to satisfy the inspector that the material is being tion. The purchaser may make any investigation neces-
manufactured in accordance with this mecification. All sary to be assured of compliance by the manufacturer
inspections shall be made at the place of manufacture and may reject any material that does not comply with
prior to shipment unless otherwise specified on the pur- this specification.

?
E-i i

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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18 American Petroleum Institute

APPENDIX A
INDIRECT HEATER DESIGN INFORMATION

FIELD Geographical Location


SERVICE

Design Conditions
GAS RATE SCFH SP. GRAVITY @60F
CONDENSATE/OIL RATE BPH API GRAVITY
WATER RATE BPH SP. GRAVITY 60F

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
@

WELL SHUT-IN PRESSURE PSIG INLET PRESSURE PSIG


OUTLET PRESSURE PSIG SITE ELEVATION FEET
IF SOUR GAS: HzS MOI%; COZ Mol %
INLET FLOWING TEMPERATURE "F MINIMUM
OUTLET FLOWING TEMPERATURE "F PSIG
F U E L GAS AVAILABLE _ _ _ y e s -no PRESSURE PSIG
F U E L GAS SOURCE HIGH HEATING VALUE (HHV) BTU/SCF
OTHER F U E L Specify
Note: Flow rates should be maximum instantaneous rates based on expected flow surges.

Design Requirements

COIL BUNDLE: Single Split


COIL WORKING PRESSURE: Preheat PSIG, Expansion PSIG
COIL CORROSION ALLOWANCE: -yes -no INCHES
CHOKE REQUIRED: Mfg. Standard: Other:
TYPE CHOKE: Adjustable, Diaphragm
PAINT REQUIRED: Mfg. Standard Special: Specify
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS/LIMITATIONS such as: Stack Height, Emissions, API RP 14C:
Specify

_- .
o9 12 -i2
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
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Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 19

APPENDIX A
Continued

Optional Requirements

COIL CONNECTIONS: Flanged THREADED OTHER


COMPANION FLANGE BOLTED ON (CFBO): -yes ~ no, BORE inches
SKID MOUNTED* LIFTING LUGS
INSULATION: Specify
SHELL LIFTING LUGS: yes no
INTAKE FLAME ARRESTOR STACK FLAME ARRESTOR
STACK SPARK ARRESTOR STACK DOWN DRAFT DIVERTER
*If so, s t a k how unit will be loaded, unloaded, and supported in normal operation.
STACK RAIN SHIELD STACK GAS SAMPLE CONNECTION
F U E L GAS SCRUBBER ELECTRIC SPARK IGNITOR
PILOT FLAME FAILURE SHUTDOWN
TELLTALE HOLES: yes no
F U E L GAS REGULATOR
OTHER ACCESSORIES
WATER BATH ADDITIVE
CONTROLS: Mfg. Standard Other:
NACE MR-01-75 Required

Manufacturers Heater Data

FIRETUBE CAPACITY BTU/HR


FIRETUBE SIZE inches OD SURFACE AREA ~ ft2

COIL Size & Coil Area Max. W.P.


NO. Schedule Material Sq. Ft. psig Limited by
1 -
2
3
WATER BATH CAPACITY: Gallons, EMPTY SHIPPING WEIGHT Ibs
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

,
0913

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
-,

No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS


- E-1 3

Not for Resale


SPEC L2K-89 1 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 007LO90 a 1
20 American Petroleum Institute

APPENDIX B
GAS FLOW RATE
B . l Gas throughput should be analyzed based on fac- given in Table B.1 for a wide range of nominal pipe
tors such as pressure drop available, presence of sands sizes and flowing pressures, based on actual flowing
or other solids, and presence of liquids. Single phase velocities of 80 ft./sec. and 120F. These flow rates
gas flow is normally limited by the amount of available should be used with caution since corrosion and erosion
pressure drop while two phase flow with liquids and conditions are not always recognized to be present.
solids present may be limited by an erosional velocity. These rates may produce high pressure drops when li-
quids are present and excessive erosion when solids are
B.2 Flow rates for a single phase gas stream, free of present.
entrained solids, may be approximated from the values

TABLE B . l
GAS FLOW RATE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
ci Operating Pressure of Coil, psig
6000 5000 4000 3500 3000 2000 1500 1000 750 500
Nominal Gas throughput to provide 80 ft/sec coil
Pipe Size, in. velocity @ 120"F, MMSCFD
1xs 9 8 6 4 2 1.5 1
2 Std - - 25 18 11 8 5.7
2 xs - 33 22 16 10 7 5
2 xxs 23 20 13 10 6.5 4 2
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

2% Std - - 36 26 17 12 8
2% xs 53 47 32 23 15 11 7
2%xxs 31 28 19 13 9 6 4
3 Std - - 53 40 25 18 11
3 xs - 74 47 36 22 16 10
3 xxs 54 46 31 23 14 10 7
4 Std - 2 95 70 43 30 20
4 xs - 130 85 60 38 27 18
4 xxs 101 90 61 44 28 20 13
6 Std - - - 158 100 73 47
6 XS - - 197 143 90 66 42
6 XXS 236 210 142 103 65 47 31
8 Std 274 173
~~ 126 82
8 XS - - - - - 345 250 158 115 74
8 XXS - - - 466 415 281 203 128 93 60

The velocity of a single phase gas stream may be determined by the following equation:

v, = 60 QgTZ
di2 P

Where:
V, = gas velocity, ft/sec
Qg = gas flow rate, MMSCFD (14.7 psia and 60F)
T = operating temperature, "R
Z = gas compressibility
di = pipe inside diameter, in.
P = operating pressure, psia

-. , .
09-14 . E-16
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
. SPEC L2K-89 0732290 00710q1 r
Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 21

APPENDIX C
COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY

C . l Proper operation of any heater depends on effi- 1050 BTU/SCF. This chart assumes the residual level
cient burner performance and adequate firetube design of combustibles in the flue gas is below 0.1% which is
and is commonly expressed as combustion efficiency. the maximum level for safe and efficient operation.
Good burner performance depends on proper adjust- While this chart is limited to natural gas, there is no
ment of fuel gas pressure, primary and secondary air intent to preclude other fuels.
and the gas orifice size. Good firetube design depends
on heat flux, heat density, bath temperature and firing C.3 Minimum Stack-Gas Temperature. If a sulfur-
accessories. free fuel gas is used with uninsulated stacks, a min-
imum exit flue gas temperature of 250F should be
C.2 Heater performance can be easily determined by maintained to avoid internal stack corrosion. If sulfur is
a n analysis and temperature of the flue gas taken from present in the fuel gas, the minimum exit flue gas
the base of the stack. Fig. C.1 is a convenient chart for temperature should be maintained in the range of 300
estimating combustion efficiency i n a heater, based on to 400F for sulfur contents ranging from approxi-
residual oxygen (Oz) content and exit temperature of mately 0.05 to 1.0 percent by volume in the fuel gas.
the stack gas, employing a methane-rich fuel gas with a This 300-400F temperature range can be reduced by
high (or gross) heating valve (HHV) of approximately roughly 50F for insulated stacks.

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
-

SPEC 3 2 K - 8 7

22 American Petroleum Institute

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

O 2 4 6 8 10 12
MOL OR VOL PERCENT OXYGEN IN FLUE GAS

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
S P E C 32K-7 u 0732270 oo730q3

Spec 12K:Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 23

APPENDIX D
HEAT TRANSFER
D.l It is often necessary to perform heat transfer W = Emulsion flow rate, Bbl/day
calculations in connection with indirect type oil-field
heaters. This Appendix is intended to give some guide- X = P e r c e n t b y volume of w a t e r in
lines for determining the BTU/hr rating and required emulsion, expressed as a fraction
area of coils. Tz-Ti = T e m p e r a t u r e difference between
D.2 Basic Heat T r a n s f e r Equation. The basic heat initial temperature and final
transfer equation that may be used in indirect heater temperature, O F
sizing is as follows: F = Liquid flow rate, gal/hr
Q = U,(AXT,) or A = Q P = Liquid specific weight, Ibs/gal
u, (T,) c = Specific heat of liquid at mean or
Where: Q = Total heat transfer (heat required), average temperature, BTU/lb-"F
BTU/hr
D.4 Overall Heat T r a n s f e r Coefficient. The overall
U,, = Overall h e a t transfer coefficient, heat t r a n d e r coefficient is normally established by the
BTU/hr-sq ft-"F manufacturer, based on laboratory and field expe-
rience, or i t may be determined using such publications
A = Total heat transfer area (coil area), as "Standard of Tubular Exchanger Manufacturer's
sq f t Association" which invoIve a detailed calculation. This
T, = Log mean temperature difference, calculation could take into account several factors such
"F as film coefficient of fluid outside tubes, film coefficient
of fluid inside tubes, fouling resistance, tube wall re-
D.3 Heat Required. For high pressure gas streams, sistance, thermal conductivity of tube wall, etc. Addi-
the heat required may be determined from the follow- tion of glycol to the water bath will lower the overall
ing equation: heat transfer coefficient. A detailed explanation of the
Q = 109.8(G) (h,hi) or Q = M(c) (TZ-T,) calculations is beyond the scope of this specification.

Where: Q = Heat required (total heat transfer), D.5 Log M e a n T e m p e r a t u r e Difference. The log
BTU/hr mean temperature difference between the fluid in the
shell side and the fluid in the coil side can be deter-
G = Gas Flow rate, MMSCFD mined from the following equation:
hz-h, = EnthaIpy difference a t initial temper- T, = GTD - LTD
ature a n d final temperature, I n (GTD/LTD)
BTU/lb-mol
Where: T, = Log mean temperature difference,
M = Gas mass flow rate, lb/hr O F

c = Specific heat at average or mean GTD = Greater temperature difference =


temperature, BTU/lb-OF (water bath temperature) - (inlet
Tz-T, = Temperature difference of inlet and fluid temperature).
outlet flowing temperature O F LTD = L e a s t t e m p e r a t u r e difference =
For oil and/or water streams the heat required may be (water bath temperature) - (outlet
approximated from the following equations: fluid temperature).

For oil/water emulsions: I n = Natural logarithim

Q = W [6.44 +8.14 (X)] (Tz-Ti) The water bath and fluid temperatures must be known
or assumed for the calculations.
The above equation is based on 35" API oil with
a specific heat of 0.52 BTU/lb-OF and 1.0 specific D.6 Coil Area. The coil area required for an indirect
gravity water with a specific heat of 1.0 BTU/ type oil-field heater can be calculated using the basic
Ib-OF, heat transfer equation listed in Par D.2. A heater
should be selected which has a firebox rating and a coil
For oil or water: area at least equal to or greater than that calculated. It
must be noted that the heat required as determined
Q = FCo)(c)(Tz-Ti) from equations in Par D.3 is only the heat input
Where: Q = Heat required (total heat transfer), required to the flow stream. No provision is made for

-
BTUhr heat loss from the vessel which is usually small.

u9 17 -. F- 3
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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SPEC 32K-87 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0071074 T r

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- 24 American Petroleum Institute

APPENDIX E
STRUCTURAL DESIGN GUIDELINES

E.l Saddles for cylindrical shells should be designed E.4 The deflection of flat end closures should be
in such a manner that excessive stresses are not limited to the diameter divided by 500 with 1%psi
induced in the shell. Some useful guidelines and refer- internal pressure or full of water, whichever is greater.
ences may be found in Section VIII, Division 1, of the
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Caution is E.5 Heaters that are furnished with insulation shall
advised when angle legs are used to support the shell, also be furnished with two lift lugs unless lifting lugs
because they may overstress the shell. The saddles or are furnished on skid-mounted units. Each lug should
legs shall be adequate to support the heater assembly be designed for 75% of the empty weight of the entire
under normal operating conditions. assembly. A maximum lift angle of 30" with the verti-
cal shall be assumed. The effect of the lugs on the shell
E.2 Rectangular heaters should be supported by a should be investigated and reinforcement should be
structural steel skid. The skid should be designed to provided if required. The lugs should be designed for
support 150% of the dry weight of the entire heater double shear tear-out and tension on the net section at
assembly with the skid supported a t its ends. I t should the pin hole. The lifting lugs on skid-mounted heaters,
also support the heater assembly under normal operat- if furnished, should be designed as above, except that
ing conditions. The user should inform the manufac- each lug should be designed for 50% of the empty
turer how the skid will be transported, unloaded, and weight of the entire assembly. Many manufacturers
supported under normal operating conditions. Deflec- attach lift lugs to various components on the heater
tion should be limited to L/400, where L is the length of assembly that are intended for lifting that component
t h e skid. T h e s a m e considerations apply t o skid only; however, they may not be suitable for lifting the
mounted cylindrical heaters. total assembly.
E.6 Wind forces on the stack can cause a moment on
E.3 Rectangular shells should be supported by a the cover plate which should be investigated.
rigid frame that will limit deflection in the top, bottom
and sides to u 5 0 0 with 1%psi internal pressure or full E.7 No more than two saddles should be used on a
of water, whichever is greater. The dimension L is the cylindrical shell.
length of the longest side or the distance between rigid E.8 Piping and coil loads may need to be evaluated.
structural frame members, whichever is less. Cylindri-
cal shells should be designed for 1%psi of internal E.9 The firetube becomes bouyant when immersed in
pressure or full of water, whichever is greater. the heater bath and must be restrained from floating.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC 3 2 K - 9 0732290 0073095 L I -

Spec 12K: IndiredType Oil-Field Heaters 25

APPENDIX F
CORROSION GUIDELINES

F . l Considerations. The following guidelines are F.1.3 Some of the other factors that influence
recommended for determining corrosion considerations corrosion include: temperature, pressure,
for a n applicable heater. fluid velocities, metal stress and heat
treatment, surface condition, and time.
F . l . l Well streams that contain water as a li-
quid and any or all of the following gases
a r e considered to be corrosive and should
be considered under these specifications F.2 Corrosive Environment Practices.
(reference API RP 14E, NACE MR-01-75):
F.2.1 If the environment is judged as being sub-
a) Oxygen-Oz ject to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) from
b) Carbon Dioxide - COZ the criteria of NACE MR-01-75 as stated
c) Hydrogen Sulfide - H2S in Par. F.1.2 above, then all provisions of
this NACE Standard as apply
F.1.2 The following guidelines are not manda- t o t h e p r e s s u r e r e t a i n i n g coils a n d
tory but may be used to judge the extent accessories shall be followed.
of the corrosive environment, with respect
to carbon steels: F.2.2 If the environment is judged as corrosive
from any of the other criteria stated in
a) Oxygen Par. F.1.2 above, the intent of this specifi-
1) Less than 0.005 ppm in natural cation will be met provided any one or
brine - non-corrosive combination of the following practices are
2) F r o m 0.005 p p m to 0.026 p p m used:
requires consideration
a) An allowance for corrosion to the parts
3) Greater than 0.025 ppm in natural
may be made according to ASME Sec-
brine - corrosive tion VIII, Division 1, Appendix E,
b) Carbon Dioxide Suggested Good Practices Regarding
Corrosion Allowance.
1) Less than ,600 ppm in natural brine
- non-corrosive b) Corrosion effects may be disregarded
2) From 600 ppm to 1200 ppm re- provided they can be shown to be neg-
quires consideration ligible or entirely absent on a historical
basis. HoweFr, the system should be

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
3) Greater than 1200 ppm in natural
brine - corrosive monitored periodically for possible new
corrosion.
c) Hydrogen Sulfide
c) Corrosion effects may be reasonably
1) No lower limit of hydrogen sulfide controlled with chemical inhibitor
has been identified as being non- treatments.
corrosive. With hydrogen sulfide
present, the environment should be
considered corrosive.
F.2.3 Post weld heat treatment should be consid-
2) NACE Standard MR-01-75 (latest ered for coils handling hydrocarbons con-
edition) should be used for all cases taining hydrogen sulfide and/or carbon
of hydrogen sulfide content for dioxide, Post weld heat treatment may be
judgment of the possibility of sulfide required by other sections of this specifica-
stress cracking (SSC). tion regardless of corrosion considerations.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
26 American Petroleum Institute

APPENDIX G

The API monogram is a registered trademark BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the words
Official Publication shall be incorporated with said
of the American Petroleum Institute. monogram on all such standards and specifications that
Manufacturers desiring to w a r r a n t t h a t articles may h e r e a f t e r be adopted and published by t h e
manufactured or sold by them conform with this American Petroleum Institute, as follows:
specification shall obtain the license to use the Offi-
cial API Monogram. -
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION

The original resolutions adopted by the Board of


Directors of the American Petroleum Institute on
Oct. 20, 1924, embodied the purpose and conditions REG. U.S. PATENT OFFICE

under which such official monogram may be used.


G . l A P I Monogram. The API monogram - @ -
The following restatement of the resolution was is a registered trademark/servicemark of the American
adopted by the Board of Directors on Nov. 14, 1977. Petroleum Institute. Authorization to use the mono-
gram is granted by the Institute to qualified licensees
WHEREAS, The Board of Directors of the American for use as a warranty that they have obtained a valid
Petroleum Institute has caused a review of the Insti- license to use the monogram and that each individual
tutes program for licensing the use of the API mono- item which bears the monogram conformed, in every
gram and detail, with the API Specification applicable at the
WHEREAS, I t now appears desirable to restate and time of manufacture. However, the American Petro-
clarify such licensing policy and to confirm and make leum Institute does not represent, warrant or guarantee
explicitly clear that it is the licensees, not APL who that products bearing the API monogram do in fact
make the representation and warranty that the equip- conform to the applicable API standard or specifica-
ment or material on which they have affixed the API tion. Such authorization does not include use of the
monogram meets the applicable standards and specifi- monogram on letterheads or in advertising without the
cations prescribed by the Institute; express statement of fact describing the scope of licen-
sees authorization and further does not include use of
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, That the the monogram, the name AMERICAN PETROLEUM
purpose of the voluntary Standardization Program and INSTITUTE or the description API in any advertis-
the Monogram Program of the American Petroleum ing or otherwise to indicate API approval or endorse-
Institute is to establish a procedure by which purchas- ment of products.
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ers of petroleum equipment and material may identify


such equipment and materials as are represented and The formulation and publication of API Specifications
warranted by the manufacturers thereof to conform to and the API monogram program is not intended in any
applicable standards and specifications of the American way to inhibit the purchase of products from companies
Petroleum Institute: and be it further not licensed to use the API monogram.

RESOLVED, That the previous action under which


the following monogram was adopted as the official G.2 Application for Authority to Use Monogram.
monogram of the American Petroleum Institute is Manufacturers desiring to warrant that products manu-
reaffirmed; factured by them comply with the requirements of a

4P
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the American
given API specification may apply for a license to use
the monogram with forms provided in an appendix to
each specification.
The Agreement form must be submitted in duplicate
Petroleum Institutes monogram and standardization for each specification under which monogram rights
programs have been beneficial to the general public as
are desired. One Statement of Manufacturers Qualifi-
well as the petroleum industry and should be continued
cations is required for each facility.
and the Secretary is hereby authorized to license the
use of the monogram to anyone desiring to do so under A manufacturer desiring to apply the monogram a t
such terms and conditions as may be authorized by the more than one facility (a facility is any manufacturing
Board of Directors of the American Petroleum Insti- location) must submit a separate application for each
tute, provided that the licensee shall agree that the use facility.
of the monogram by such licensee shall constitute the
licensees representation and warranty that equipment Applicants shall have an approved functioning quality
and materials bearing such monogram complies with program in conformance with API Spec Ql prior to
the applicable standards and specifications of the being issued a license to use the API monogram.
American Petroleum Institute: and that licensee shall
affix the monogram in the following manner; G.3 Authorization to Use the Monogi-am. A deci-
sion to award or withhold monogram rights will be
made by the staff of the Institute. A survey of the
f-- ., Ypplicants facilities will be made by an approved Insti-
,te surveyor prior to a decision to approve or withhold
O920 F-6
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC L2K-89 I0 7 3 2 2 7 0 007L097 r
Spec 12K: Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 27

the license. The basis of the survey shall be the appro- G.7 Reinstatement of Monogram Rights. Manufac-
priate product Specification and all applicable portions turers whose authorization to use the monogram has
of API Spec Ql. been cancelled may request reinstatement a t any time.
If a request for reinsatement is made within sixty (60)
For a manufacturer having more than one facility days after cancellation, and if the reason for cancella-
(plant), each facility will be judged separately and if tion has been corrected, no new application is neces-
determined to be eligible for authorization to use the sary. A resurvey of the manufacturers facilities will be
monogram will be granted a separate license for each made by an approved Institute surveyor prior to a deci-
Specification, or part thereof, under which authoriza- sion to reinstate monogram rights. The manufacturer
tion is granted. The application of the monogram may wiII be invoiced for this resurvey regardless of the
not be subcontracted. Institutes decision on reinstatement. If the resurvey
indicates that the manufacturer is qualified, the license
6.4 Fee for Use of Monogram. will be reissued.
Initial Authorization Fee. The applicant will be Request for reinstatement made more than sixty (60)
.invoiced an initial authorization fee for the first Spec- days after cancellation shall be treated as a new appli-
ification included in the application, and a separate cation unless circumstances dictate an extension of this
fee for each additional Specification included in the time period as agreed upon by the API staff.
application. The applicant will also be invoiced for
the surveyors fee. 6 . 8 Appeals.
A n n u a l Renewal Fee. In addition to the initial An interested party may appeal a decision by the API
authorization fee, licensees will be assessed an annual staff to withhold monogram rights. Appeals shall be
renewal fee for each specification under which he is directed to the Director, API Production Department
authorized to use the monogram. Applicants issued and handled by the General Committee of the Produc-
monogram certificates dated November 1 through tion Department with a further right of appeal to the
December 31 shall not be required to pay a renewal API Management Committee. Competing suppliers or
fee for the following year. manufacturers of the product or service to which the
standard applies or might apply may not be involved in
The fees assessed are to defray the cost of the Mono- appeals. The General Committee and the Management
gram Program. Committee may convene appeals boards to hear and act
I on appeals.
6 . 5 Periodic Surveys. Existing licensees must be
periodically surveyed by an approved Institute surveyor G.9 Marking. The following marking requirements
to determine whether or not they continue to qualify for apply to licensed manufacturers using the API mono-
authorization to use the monogram. The frequency of gram on products covered by this specification.
the periodic surveys will be at the discretion of the staff
of the Institute. The surveyors fee and expenses for G.10 Nameplate. Indirect heaters furnished to this
making a periodic survey will be paid by the Institute. specification by authorized manufacturers shall be
identified by two corrosion resistant nameplates, one on
G.6 Cancellation of Monogram Rights. The right to the shell and one on the coil.
use the monogram is subject to cancellation for the fol- G.11 S h e l l N a m e p l a t e . One nameplate shall be

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
lowing causes: securely attached to the shell bearing the information
a. Applying the monogram on any product that does shown in Figure G.l which is:
not meet the Specification. 1. API Monogram.
b. Failure to maintain reference master gages in 2. Spec 12K.
accordance with the Specifications. 3. Manufacturers name.
4. Manufacturers serial number.
c. Failure to meet the requirements of any resurvey. 5. Year built.
d. Failure to pay the annual renewal fee for use of 6. Shell weight empty, Ibs (excluding coil weight).
the monogram. 7. Firebox rating, BTU/hr.
8. Firetube area, sq. ft.
e. For any other reason satisfactory to the Executive 9. Shell size, OD x length.
Committee on Standardization of Oilfield Equip- 10. Additional markings desired by the manufacturer
ment and Materials. or requested by the purchaser are not prohibited.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
--
SPEC 12K-87 I o 7 3 2 2 7 0 0071078 7p
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
28 American Petroleum Institute

G.12 Coil Nameplate. One nameplate shall be se- *Where split-pass coils are provided, the number, size,
curely attached to the coil cover plate bearing the area. and maximum working pressure shall be indi-
information shown in Figure G.2 which is: cated for each coil section. Coil maximum working
1. API monogram. pressure shall be determined using the lowest pressure
2. Spec 12K. rating of any component in the coil as defined in Par.
3. Manufacturers name. 4.1.4.
4. Manufacturers serial number.
5. Year built.
6. Coil pipe size and schedule for each section.* G.13 Coil Connection. I t is recommended that the coil
7. Coil area, sq. ft.* connections be permanently marked as inlet and outlet,
8. Coil weight empty, Ibs. particularly in the case of split-pass coils.
9. Coil maximum working pressure, psig.*
10. Additional markings desired by the manufacturer
or requested by the purchaser are not prohibited.

11
12K
MAN U FACTUR ER
SERIAL NUMBER
YEAR BUILT
SHELL WEIGHT EMPTY, LBS
FIREBOX RATING, BTU/HR
FIREBOX AREA, SQ FT
SHELL SIZE, OD X LENGTH

FIG. G.1
SUGGESTED INDIRECT HEATER SHELL NAMEPLATE FORMAT
(See Par. G.11)

MAN U FACTUR ER

11
12K
SERIAL NUMBER
YEAR BUILT
COIL WEIGHT EMPTY, LBS
SIZE AND COIL AREA MAXIM U M
COIL SCHEDULE SQ. FT. WORKING PRESS., PSIG

FIG. 6 . 2
SUGGESTED INDIRECT HEATER COIL NAMEPLATE FORMAT
. (See Par. 6.12)
-
0922 F-8
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC L2K-9 u 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 00710qq r
LICENSE AGREEMENT

D Use of the Official Monogram of the American Petroleum Institute

This Agreement between the AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (hereinafter API), a


--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

corporation of the District of Columbia, having an office at 2101 L - Street, N.W., Washington, D.C.,
and 1

(hereinafter Licensee), a corporation of 9

having its principal place of business at


provides that:
WHEREAS, API is the owner of federal trademark and servicemark registrations including registra-
tion nos. 677,359; 679,642 and 840,642, as well as the owner of common law rights to such trademarks
and servicemarks and various other trademarks and servicemarks;
WHEREAS, API through licensing, publications and other programs seeks to establish and promote
standards and specifications for goods and services in the petroleum industry;
WHEREAS, Licensee desires a non-exclusive license from API for the purpose of promoting the
standards and specifications of API by use of API trademarks or servicemarks on or in connection with
the marketing of goods made in accordance with API standards and specifications.
NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual covenants hereinafter stated, the parties agree as
follows:
1. API grants to Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the trademarkbervice mark (the mono- @
gram) on products made in accordance with the official publication of API entitled Spec 12K, Specifi-
cation for Indirect-Type Oil Field Heaters (the products), including any amendments, modifications or
substitutions that may hereafter be adopted.
2. API grants to Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the monogram in connection with the market-
ing of the products; provided, however, that Licensee shall not use the monogram on letterheads or in
any advertising without an express statement of fact describing the scope of Licensees authorization,
)a;nd further provided that Licensee shall not use the monogram or the name the AMERICAN PE-
TROLEUM INSTITUTE or the description API in any advertising or otherwise to indicate API
approval or endorsement of the products.
3. Licensee agrees that it will do all acts required of it by API to ensure that pertinent API standards
and specifications are being met at all times in the manufacture of the products, including submitting
when requested by API a statement of manufacturers qualifications and samples of the products and
permitting API, or a representative thereof, upon reasonable notice to inspect pertinent manufacturing
facilities. API shall be the sole judge of whether Licensee meets the appropriate qualifications to become
and remain a licensee and whether the products meet the appropriate qualifications.
4. Licensee agrees that use of the monogram on the products shall constitute a representation and
warranty by Licensee to API and to the purchasers of the products that the products conform to the
applicable standards and specifications of API; and Licensee agrees to hold harmless and indemnify API
for any and all liability, loss, damage, cost and expense which API may suffer, incur, or be put to by
reason of any claim, suit or proceeding, for personal injury, property damage or economic loss based on
the faiIure or alleged failure of the Licensees products to conform to such standards and specifications;
and Licensee further agrees to defend API, at Licensees expense, against any and all such suits, claims
or proceedings.
5. This license shall not be assignable or transferable by Licensee in any manner nor shall Licensee
have the right to grant sublicenses.
6. This Agreement may be terminated at any time and for any reason satisfactory to the APT.
7. This license shall run from year to year and shall be renewed yearly upon payment by Licensee to
API of an annual renewal fee.

(Licensee Company Name)


P ate: BY

Effective AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE


Date: ..-
Bv I

,-
o923 F-9
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC L2K-87 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 007LLOO Ir
30 American Petroleum Institute

AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE


DIVISION OF PRODUCTION
2535 ONE MAIN PLACE
DALLAS, TX 75202-3904

STATEMENT OF MANUFACTURERS QUALIFICATIONS


TO USE API MONOGRAM

The i n f o r m a t i o n indicated below, when r e q u e s t e d b y the Institute, m u s t a c c o m p a n y all a p p l i c a t i o n s to


u s e the A P I monogram. All s u c h i n f o r m a t i o n is s u b j e c t to i n v e s t i g a t i o n and a p p l i c a t i o n m u s t be rejected
if the i n f o r m a t i o n supplied so warrants.

Material:
(List here the equipment on which applicant desires to apply the monogram.)

AFI specification designation:

--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
1. Name of applicant
2. Location of principal office:
3. Where will equipment be manufactured?

4. Class of ownership:
(Corporation, partnership, or individual)
5. Capital invested 6. Year organized:
7. Is the applicant thoroughly familiar with all stipulations given in the API specification covering this
material?

8. Is the applicant actually manufacturing this material now?


a. State the length of time applicant h a s made the material and supplied it to the oil industry:

(Years and Months)


b. State the approximate percentage of production of this material to applicants total production:

9. Give the names and addresses of five representative users in the oil industry to whom applicant h a s sold this

material (give name of company, complete street address, and name of company representative to whom in-
quiries should be addressed):

-
0924
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
Spec 12K:Indirect Type Oil-Field Heaters 31

10. If applicant h a s not supplied this material to the oil industry and cannot furnish the five references under item
9, give the names a n d addresses of five representative users in other industries to whom applicant has sold
similar equipment (give name of company, complete street address, and name of company representative to
whom inquiries should be addressed):

11. If the applicant is not now manufacturing this material, when does he expect to begin production?

12. If the a p licant h a s not previously made this material, state fully (on a n attached sheet) the experience ?f
any memEers of applicants present organization in the manufacture of this material, giving names of organi-
zations where such experience was obtained.
Questions 13, 14, and 15 need be answered only if the specification requires testing or possession of API refer-
ence master gages.

13. Does the applicant now possess the necessary equipment and personnel for conducting all tests required in the

APT specification covering this material?


14. Does the applicant now possess such AFT reference master thread gages a s required by the specification cov-
ering this material?
If applicant possesses such gages, give full information (on separate sheet) on types, sizes, certifying agency,
and certification dates.
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

15. If the applicant does not now possess such gages, have they been ordered?
If so, give full information (on separate sheet) on types, sizes, and from whom ordered.

16. Give names of five responsible business men a s references regarding applicants general chayacter, integrity,
and reputation (give complete mailing address and name of organization with which each is affiliated):

17. Name and address of applicants representative to whom M I correspondence should be directed

(Signature and title of authorized officer)

Date
(Name of organization, company, or individual)
(The above statement to be signed in the name of the applicant by a n authorized officer)

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SPEC L2K-89 ST
0732290 O O ~ J ~ L O Z
--`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Order No. 811-06600

Additional copies available from


AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE
Publications and Distribution Section
1220 L Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 682-8375

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale