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# 8/5/2016 Wallfootingdesign

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Designofwallfootings

Criticalsectionsofwallfootings:

Shear:
1.Footingsupportingamasonrywall:atthicknessfromthefaceofwall.
2.Footingsupportingaconcretewall:atoneeffectivesectionfromthefaceofwall.

Moment:atfaceofwall

Figure2.4criticalshearsectionofmasonrywallfootingandconcretewallfooting.

Designprocedure:
8/5/2016 Wallfootingdesign
Reinforcedconcretedesign:
2.Determinefootingdepthandcheckdirectshearstressatcriticalsection.
3.Designtransversereinforcementsbasedonfactoredmoment.
4.Designlongitudinalreinforcementsfortemperatureandshrinkage.

Example10:Designofawallfooting
Given:

Walltype:8concretemasonrywall
Soilinformation:
Allowablesoilbearingcapacity:2500psf
Requiredfrostdepth:18
Unitweightofsoil:100pcf
Materialsused:
Concretestrengthat28day=3000psi
Yieldstrengthofrebars=60ksi

Designcode:ACI31805

Requirement:Determinewidth,depth,andreinforcement.

Solution:
1.Determinewidthoffooting:
Assumethatthefootingdepthis10inchwith8overburdensoil.Thebottomoffootingisat18belowgroundsurfacethatmeetfrost
depthrequirement.
Thenetsoilbearingcapacityis
p=250015*10/120100*8/12=2308psf
Therequiredfootingwidthis
B=(2500+3000)/2308=2.4ft=29Use26=30width

Reinforcedconcretedesign
2.Checkdirectionshear
Theultimatefootingpressure,
pu=(1.2x3+1.6x2.5)/2.5=3.04kips/ft
Theeffectivedepthoffooting,
d=10"3"(cover)0.25"(halfofbarsize)=6.75"
Thedistancefromcriticalsectiontotheedgeofthewallis
l=30/24(halfofwall)+2=13"
Thedirectshearstressatcriticalsectionis
vu=(3.04)(1000)(13/12)/(6.75*12)=40.5psi
Theshearstrengthofconcreteis
vc=(0.75)(22500)=75psi>40.5psiO.K.

3.Designtransversereinforcement:
Thedistancefromcriticalsectionofmomenttotheedgeofthewallis
l=154=11"
Theultimatemomentatcriticalsectionis
Mu=(3.04)(11/12)2/2=1.27kft/ft
Usetrailmethodforreinforcementdesign
FactorRn=(1.27)(1000)(12)/[(0.9)(12)(6.752)]=31psi
Factorm=60000/[(0.85)(3000)]=23.5
Thereinforcementratiois=(1/23.5){1[1(2)(23.5)(31)/60000]}=0.00103
Minimumreinforcementratio,=0.0033or=(4/3)*0.00103=0.0014
Usemin=0.0014
As=(0.0014)(8.75)(12)=0.14in2
Use#4at18"spacing,As=0.15in2

8/5/2016 Wallfootingdesign
4.Designlongitudinalreinforcement
Thetemperaturereinforcementsatlongitudinaldirectionis
As=(0.002)(12)(2.5)(8.75)=0.525in2
Use3#4,spacing,As=0.66in2
Thefootingreinforcementsisasshownbelow.

RelatedTopics
Reinforcedconcretedesign

Bearingcapacity