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Function I

Q.1 Let f : R R be given by f(x) = x2 + 3 Find (a) x : f ( x ) 28


x
Q.2 If the function f : R R be given by f(x) = x2 + 2 and g : R R be given by g ( x ) . Find fog and gof.
x 1
Q. 3 Prove that the function f ( x ) x [ x ] is a periodic function, where [x] is the greatest integer less than or equal to x.
1
Q. 4 If f ( x ) x , x 0, then f (x2) equals
x
1. f (x) + f (-x) 2. f (x) f (-x) 3. f (x) f (-x) 4. None of these
Q. 5 The values of b and c for which the identify f ( x 1) f ( x ) 8x 3 is satisfied where f (x) = bx2 + cx + d are
1. b = 2, c = 1 2. b = 4, c = 1 3. b = 1, c = 4 4. b = 1, c = 1
1

Q. 6 If f ( x ) x , prove that f ( x ) f x 3f
3 3 1
x x
1 2 1
Q. 7 Let f (x) be a function satisfying f x x 2 x 0 , Find f (x)
x x
Q. 8 If f (x) is a function satisfying f (x+2y, x 2y) = xy, then f (x, y) =?
x
Q. 9 Let f be function defined as f ( x ) , then fof of is equal to
1 x 2
x x x
1. 2. 3. 4. None of these
1 x 2 1 2x 2 1 3x 2
Q. 10 If a function f(x) satisfies the equation f (x + 1) + f (x 1) = 3 f ( x ) for all x R. The minimum value of k satisfying f (x + k) = f
(x) is
1. 6 2. 12 3. 18 4. Cant say
Q. 11 A function f (x) is defined satisfying f (1) = 1, f (2x) = 2f (x), f (3x) = 3f (x).f (nx) = nf (x).
Then f (1) + f (2) + f (3) + ..f (x) equals
n n (n 1) n ( n 1)
1. n 2. 3. 4.
2 2 2
Q. 12 A function is said to be odd if f (-x) = - f(x) and it is said to be even if f (-x) = f (x). Consider the following functions
x
e 1
(i) f ( x ) x. x (ii) g ( x ) Log x x 2 1 (iii) h ( x ) x 2 2 x , From the above
e 1
1. (i) and (ii) are odd and (iii) is even function. 2. (i) and (iii) are odd and (ii) is even function.
3. (i) is even (ii) is odd and (iii) is neither odd nor even. 4. None of these functions is odd.
Q. 13 In the X Y plane the area of the region bounded by the graph | x y | | x y | 4 is
1. 8 2. 12 3. 16 4. 20
Q. 14 The greatest integer function f (x) = [x] = Greatest integer less than or equal to x. If

3

1 3 2 3 3 .............. 3 n k , then which of the following values of k is impossible?
1. 45 2. 43 3. 48 4. 42
x 1 f (x) 1 3 f (x) 1 f (x) 3 f (x) 3
Q. 15 If f ( x ) , then f (2x) is 1. 2. 3. 4.
x 1 f (x) 3 f (x) 3 f (x) 1 3f ( x ) 1
1 1
Q. 16 A polynomial function f (x) satisfying the condition f ( x ).f f ( x ) f . If f (10) = 1001, then f (20) =
x
x
1. 2002 2. 8008 3. 8001 4. None of these
Directions for Questions: 17-18
P, q and r are functions defined as follows
P (a, b) = a b , q (a, b) = a 2 b 2 , r (a, b) = a 2 b 2 , Where a, b are positive unequal integers
Q. 17 The difference between least integral values of the functions q and p is
1. 5 2. 4 3. 1 4. 3
Q. 18 The difference between the least integral values of the functions q and r is
1. 5 2. 3 3. 2 4. None of these
Directions for Questions: 19 20
Functions x and y are defined as follows for positive integers a and b ( a 1 and b 1), X ( a, b) = a ! + b !, y (a, b) = aa + bb
Q. 19 Which of the following statements is always true
1. y (a, b) > x (a, b) 2. x (a, b) > y (a, b) 3. x (a, b) = y (a, b) 4. None of these
Q. 20 The value of the expression x (a, b) + y (a, b) is
1. Is always less than three digits 2. Is at least two digits
3. Can be less than two digits 4. Is never more than three digits
Q. 21 The following functions are defined for any two real numbers x and y
mi = min (x, y) , mo = max (x, y), ab (x or x) = x , If x = - 2 ; y = 5 and z = - 8 what is the value of
1
mo (ab (x), mi (z, mo ( y, mi (x, ab(z))))
1. 2 2. 2 3. 5 4. 8
Directions for Questions: 22 to 23
Consider two functions x and y defined as follows- each only for three values of x
X (x) = 0 for x = 1 Y (x) = 1 for x = 1
= 1 for x = 0 = 0.5 for x = 0
= 0.5 for x = 0.5 = 0 for x = 0.5
Q. 22 If X (Y (X (Y (Y (T)))) = 0 the value of t is
1. 1 2. 0 3. 0.5 4. Cannot be determined
Q. 23 IF X [Y(t) + x(t)] + Y[Y(t) + X(t)] = 1, the value of t is
1. 1 2. 0 3. 0.5 4. Cannot be determined
Q. 24 Functions defined on the natural numbers such that X(1) + X(3) + X(5) + and

X(n) = X (n 2) x(n 4) . . . . . The value of X(3) is


1. 2. 3. 4.
1 1 1 2
1 2
Q. 25 A function g is defined such that it satisfies g(x) = g(x 2) g(x 1),If x is a natural number and g(1) = 0, g(2) = 1 the value of g(8)
1. 0 2. 13 3. 5 4. 8

if 0
Q. 26 is a function defined on integers , where and , 0 , (, ) Here x is the remainder when x is

(, x) if 0
divided by q. Which of the following values sames as (6,4) ?
1. (54,52) 2. (56,52) 3. (52,48) 4. None of these
Q. 27 A function f(x) = [x] is defined such that f(x) is the greatest integers less than or equal to x, for all real x, for all real x. The solution set for
[x] + [2x] + [3x] = 8 is
4 5 3 5
1. 1 x 2. x 3. x 4. None of these
3 3 2 3
Q. 28 Find the minimum value of | x p | | x 10 | | x p 10 | if 0 < p < 10
1. P 2. p + 10 3. 10 4. None of these
5
Q. 29 The number of points at which P( x ) 4 x 4 x and Q(x) = intersection
4
1. 0 2. 1 3. 2 4. Infinite
Q. 30 The number of integral values of x, for which the inequality | x 3 | 4 2 does not hold is
1. 11 2. 8 3. 6 4. 4
Q. 31 A function f(x) is defined on real numbers satisfying f(x+1) + f(x-1) = f(x) for all values of x, the number of solution. Of the equations f (x
+ p) + f (x) = 0 [x is a positive real number]
1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. Infinite
Q. 32 A function f (x) is defined, Satisfying the relation f (x +y) = f (x). f (y) for every real value of x and y
Given f (1) = 3 and f (1) + f(2) + f (3) + f (n) = 1092. The value of n is
1. 5 2. 6 3. 7 4. 8
Q. 33 The area of the region enclosed by |x| + |2y| = 2 and |2x| + |y| = 4
1. 8 2. 3 3. 5 4. 2
Q. 34 If the symbol [x] denotes the largest integer less than or equal to x, then the value of
1 1 1 1 2 1 40
4 4 50 4 50 ........... 4 50 is

1. 40 2. 28 3. 3 4. 0
Q. 35 The area of the region included between | x y | 1 and |x| = 1 is
1. 6 Sq. Units 2. 1 Sq. Units 3. 2 Sq. Units 4. 4 Sq. Units
1 x 1
x 2 for real nos. P 2 equals
2 4 5
Q. 36 P(x) is a function Satisfying p x 3.P 2 1. 2. 3. 1 4.
x x 1 x 5 2
17

20
4x 1 2 4996 1 1
Q. 37 If G(x) = Then G G ...... G is: - 1. 4997 2. 3. 2498 4.
4x 2 4997 4997 4997 2498 4997

2
Q. 38 A function f (x) = [x] is defined as the greatest integer the or equal to x, the difference between maximum and minimum value of x that
3 3 5 5
satisfy 2 x 2 3 x 4 x equals 1. 2. 3. 4.
2 4 2 4
Q. 39 Given f (a) = a2 4 (for all real a) is a function in a. For which of the following values of a, the equation
16
f (a 1) x 2 f (a ) x f (a 1) 0 will have two real and district roots in x 1. 1 2.
5
4 5
3. 4.
5 2
Q. 40 Given that P Q( x ) 2 x 2 3x and Q (P(x) = x 2 4 x 4 for all real values of x which of the following could be values of g ( 4)
1. 1 2. 1 3. 2 4. 2
Q. 41 If f (x) = ax + b and g(x) = cx + d, then f g ( x ) g f ( x ) is equivalent to
1. f (a) = g (c) 2. f (b) = g (b) 3. f (d) = g (b) 4. f (c) = g (a)
Solutions

Q. Answer Explanation
No. Key
1 5,5 We have f(x) = 28 x2 + 3 = 28, x2 = 25 x = 5 x : f ( x ) 28 5,5
2 (fog) = x2
2
x x x
x2 (fog) (x) = f f g ( x) f 2 2
2 x 1 x 1 x 1 ( x 1) 2
( x 1) 2
x2 2 x2 2
gof x g f ( x) g x 2 2
x 2 x 2 2 1 x 2 1
2
(gof) =
x2 1
3 Period 1 Let T be a positive real number. If possible let f(x) be periodic with period T,
f (x + T) = f (x) for all x R , ( x T ) x T x [ x ] for
all x R
x T [ x ] T for all x R ,
T 1, 2, 3, 4,.........
Thus there exists T > O such that f (x + T) = f (x) for all x R. So f
(x) is a periodic function.
The smallest value of T satisfying f (x + T) = f (x) for all x R is

Hence f (x) = x [x] is periodic with period 1.

4 4 1 1 1 1
f (x 2 ) x 2 2
x x x f ( x )
x x x x
Clearly (1), (2), (3) do not satisfy. Ans. Option (4)

5 2
f (x + 1) f (x) = 8x + 3 b x 1 2 c x 1 d bx 2 cx d 8x 3 Ans.
Option (2)
Comparing coefficients on both sides, we get b = 4, c 1

6 .. 1 3 3 1 1 1
We have f ( x ) x , f ( x ) x 3 Also f x f ( x )
x x x
x
1

1 1 1
3f ( x ) 3 x , thus f x 3 3f x 3 3 3 x
x
x x x
3
1
, x f ( x ) 3
x

7 f x x2 2 Here the requirement is establishing the rule


1 1 1
f x x 2 2 x 2 2 2 2 ,
x x x
2
1 1
fx x 2
x x
1
f ( y) y 2 2 Where y = x . Hence f (x) = x2 2
x

3
8 x2 y2 4V
f x We have f (x +2y, x 2y) = xy, Let x + 2y = 4 x
8 2
4V 4 V 42 V 2
x 2y = Thus y = , Thus f (4, V) =
4 4 8
x2 y2
f ( x , y)
8

9 3 x x
f (x) fof f f ( x ) f ,

1 x 2 1 x
2

x 1 x
.
1 x 2 x2 1 2x 2
1
1 x 2
x x 1
f . x
fof of (x) 2
1 2x 1 2x 2 x2
1 1 3x 2
2
1 2x
10 3 We have f (x + 1) + f (x 1) = 3 f (x). Replacing x with x + 1 and x 1 respectively,
we get
f (x + 2) + f (x) = 3 f (x + 1) ..(1) & f (x) + f (x 2) = 3 f (x 1) ...(2)
Adding (1) and (2) and simplifying f (x + 2) + f (x 2) + 2 f (x) = 3
f ( x 1) f ( x 1)
f ( x 2) f ( x 2) 2f ( x ) 3f ( x ) , f ( x 2) f ( x 2) f ( x ) .
(3)
Replacing x with x + 2 , f (x + 4) + f (x 2) = 0
Replacing x with x + 2 we get f (x + 6) + f (x) = 0, we get f ( x 6) f ( x ) .
Replacing x with x with x + 6, f (x + 12) = f(x), hence k = 12.
11 3 n (n 1)
F (1) + f (2) + f (3) + f (n) = 1 + 2 + 3 +..+ n ,
2
12 3
e x 1 e x 1 ,
f ( x ) x. f ( x ) ( x ).
ex 1 e x 1
1 e x e x 1
f ( x ) ( x ). x. f ( x ) Even
1 e x e x 1
g ( x ) Log
x x 2 1
g ( x ) Log x

x 2 1


x x 2 1

1

Log x x 2 1 , Log ,

x 2
x 1
x x 1
2

Log
x x 2 1
f ( x ) odd

h ( x ) x 2 h ( x ) x
2 2
2 x , x 2 2 x Neither odd nor even.
13 3 | x y | | x y | 4 , ( x y) ( x y) 4
( x y) ( x y) 4 x 2 , x y x y 4 x 2
x y x y 4 y 2 , x y x y 4 y 2
The graph can be plotted as

2, 2 y =2 (2, 2)

(0, 0) x=2
x = 2

(2, 2) y = 2 (2, 2)

Clearly it is a square of side = 4 Area = 4 4 = 16 Sq. Units


14 4 For n = 25 k = 41, For n = 26 k = 43, For n = 27 k = 48.
4
Therefore k = 42 is impossible
15 2 x 1 f ( x ) 1 2x x f (x ) 1
We have f ( x ) , , .
x 1 f (x) 1 2 1 f (x)
f (x ) 1
2 1
2x 1 1 f (x) 3f ( x ) 1
f (2x )
2x 1 f (x ) 1 f (x ) 3
2 1
1 f (x)
16 3 1 1
f ( x ).f f ( x ) f , f ( x ) x n 1 .
x x
Now f (10) = 1001 10n + 1 = 1001 n = 3
f ( x ) x 3 1 f (20) 20 3 1 8001
17 4 The least integral value of q is 5 (for a = 3 & b = 4)
The least integral value of p = 2 (for a = 1, b = 3)
Hence difference = 5 2 = 3
18 3 The least integral value of q is 5 and
The lest integral value of r is 3 (for a = 5 & b = 4)
Hence q r = 2
19. 1 X (a, b) = a! + b !; Y (a, b) = aa + bb
Y (a, b) > x (a, b)
20. 2 Min [x (a, b)] = 2! + 2! = 4
Min [y (a, b)] = 22+22 = 8
Min [x (a, b) + y (a, b)] = 4 + 8 = 12
Hence it is at least two digits
21. 3 Z = 8 ab ( 8) = 8, x = 2 mi ( 2, 8 ) = 2
Y = 5, mo (5, 2)= 5, z = 8, mi ( 8, 5) = 5
X = 2, ab ( 2) = 2, mo (2, 5) = 5
22. 2 X (Y (X (Y (Y (T)))) = 0
(YX(Y(Y(t))) = 1, Y(Y(t)) = 0 , Y (t) = 0.5
t=0
23. 1 X[y(t) + X(t)] +Y[Y(t) + X(t)] = 1
X(x) + Y(x) = 1 when x = 1
So X(t) + Y(t) = 1 t = 1
24. 3 X(1) = X (3) x (5) ...... , X (1) .(1)
X (3) X (3) X (1) ..(ii)

From (i) & (iii) X(3) =
1 2
25. 2 g (1) = 0 g (5) = - 3
g (2) = 1 g (6) = 5
g (3) = - 1 g (7) = - 8
g (4) = 2 g (8) = 13
26. 1 (6,4) ( 4,2) ( 2,0)
Option(1) - (54,52) (52,2) ( 2,0) which is equal to (6, 4)
Option(2) - (56,52) (52,4) ( 4,0) (6,4)
Option(3) - (52,48) (48,4) ( 4,0) (6,4)
27. 3 For [x] + [2x] + [3x] = 8, x must be less than 1 and x must be greater 2, The
combination for RHS = 8 are either 1 + 2 + 5 or 1 + 3 + 4. The only Possibility is 1 + 3
3 5 3 5
+ 4 for x and x , Hence Solution is x
2 3 2 3
28. 3 Let |x p| = a, | x 10| = b, |x p 10| = C
a + c = 10, b is minimum when x = 10
So at x = 10, a + b + c = 10, This is Minimum Value.
29. 1
P( x ) 4 x 4 x = t
1
t

4 x t , Q( x )
5
4
with constant value =
5
4
it is

therefore evident that, there will be no point of intersection.


30. 3 | x 3 | 4 2 , Either |x 3| 4 2 , | x 3| 6, 6 ( x 3) 6
3 x 9
or |x 3| 4 2 , |x 3| 2 2 (x 3) 2, 1 x 5
Integral values for which ( - 3 x 9) and (1 x 5) does not hold are

5
( - 2, - 1, 0, 6, 7, 8) 6 value
31. 4 Given f (x +1) + f (x-1) = f (x).(1), So f (x + 2) + f(x) = f (x + 1) (ii)
Adding (i) and (ii)
f (x + 2) + f ( x 1) = 0, f (x + 3) + f (x) = 0
Therefore the equation holds for all values of p (multiples of 3). Therefore there are
infinite solutions.
32. f (1) = 3, f (2) = f (1 + 1) = f (1) f (1) = 32, f (3) = f(1 + 2) = f (1) f (2) = 33
f (1) + f (2) + f (3) + f (n) = 1092
n
3 + 32 + 33+3n = 1092, 3 3 1 1092 , n 6
3 1
33. 4 |x| + |2y| = 4 and |2x| = |y| = 4
x + 2y = 2 2x + y = 4 (0, 4)
and x + 2y = 2 & 2x + y = 4 (0, 1)
and x 2y = 2 & 2x y = 4
and x 2y = 2 & 2x y = 4
(2, 1) (2, 0)
(0, 1)

(0, )
1 1
Required Area = 4 ( 4 2 2 1) , 4 (8 2) , = 12 Sq. Units
2 2
34. 3 Only the last 3 terms are greater then 1 Given expression equals 3.
35. 4 |x + y| = 1 and |x| = 1
x+y=1 x=1 A
and x + y = 1 and x = 1 (0, 1)
x=1 x + y =1
( 1, 0) D
Required Area = Area of ||gm ABCD (1, 0)
B
2 ABD
(0, 1) x=1
1
2 AB BD 2 2 4 Sq. Units
2 C
x + y =1
36. 2 1 x 1 2
Let x t 2 , x 2 1 x 1 2 y 2 2
x x 1 y x2 x
1
2 p( y) 3p y 2 2 .(i)
y
1 1 1
Replace y with 2P 3P y 2 2 (ii)
y y
y
From (i) & (ii)
1 3
P y 2
y
5
2 1
5 y2
2 , P 2 103 25 . 12 2 52
37. 3 4x 41 x 2
G(x) x
and G (1 x )
1 x
x
4 2 4 2 4 2
G ( x ) G (1 x ) 1 , Combining 1st term with last t erm, second term with 2nd
4996
last term the expression would be equal to 2498
2
38. 1 x = [x] + {x} where {x} is tractional part of x
x = I + F [whre I = [x] and f = {x}
2[ x ]2 3[ x ] 4 x , 2I 2 3I 4 I F
I F x
F
1
4

2I 2 3I 4I
2I 2 I
4
, Since 0 < F < 1
1 3/4 1/4
1

0 2I 2 I 1 , Either 2I 2 I 0 or 2I 2 I 0 0
4
0 0
1 1 33 1 33 1 1/4 5/4
I 0 or I I
2 4 4
Cobining both Possible Values of I are (-1, 0, 1)

6
Difference between Min. & Max
5 1 3

4 4 2

39. 4 The equation f (a 1) x 2 f (a ) x f (a 1) 0 has two real and district roots,


then it must be a quadratic in variable x For this the co-off of x 2 i.e. f (a 1) 0
(a 1) 2 4 0 or a 1,3 ..(i)
For the rotos to be real and distinct we must have 0
i.e. f (a 2 ) 4f (a 1) f (a 1) 0 Which gives 3a 4 32a 2 20 0

2 2

10, , 10 ..(ii)

3
3

Only option (4) Satisfies both (i) & (ii)
40. 2 P Q( x ) 2 x 2 3x P Q( P( x ) 2 P( x ) 2 3P( x )
P Q( P( x ) P ( x 2 4 x 4) , P ( x 2 4 x 4) 2 P( x ) 2 3P ( x )
If we put x 2 4x 4 x x 2 3x 4 0
x 2 4x x 4 0 , x ( x 4) 1( x 4) 0 x 4 and x = 1
2 g (4) 2 2g (4) g ( 4) 0,1
1 Could be a value of g(4)
41. 3 f (x) = ax + b and g (x) = cx + d , f g ( x ) g f ( x )
f cx d g ax b , a cx d b c ax b d
ad b cb d , f (d ) g ( b)