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Gramtica Inglesa

Examen prctico, Noelia

PRACTICAL PART I
1. VERB TYPES. Say of each of the underlined verbs in the sentences
below to which of the following subclasses it belongs: (5%)
1. Acapulco is the best place to spend a holiday. > SVOA. Montr.
Adv.
2. Who has been appointed? > SV. Intr.
3. I think that this would be extremely unwise.> SVO.
Monotransitive
4. The security guards gave whoever entered the bank a
penetrating look. > SVOO. Ditr.
5. The public consider his attitude improper. > SVOC. Compl.
6. He showed his friends his stamp-collection. > SVOO. Ditr.
7. That proposal sounds quite interesting. > SVC. Copular?
8. Last night they revealed who had done it. > (A) SVO.
Monotransitive
9. Well get Timmy a new pair of shoes tomorrow. > SVOO. Ditr.
10.The storm broke over the city late in the evening. > SVA. Intr.

2. SENTENCE STRUCTURE. Divide the sentences below into their


constituents using slashes and give their grammatical structures.
(8%)
1. Last week Michael showed us how to prepare a fruit leather.
2. He told us to buy ripe fruit.
3. We bought him peaches, apricots, and strawberries.
4. Then he put the fruit in a large pot.
5. He stirred the mixture until it boiled.
6. He didnt get his hair wet.
7. Her father had called her one evening.
8. He really told his father the truth.
3. SEMANTIC ROLES. Identify the semantic role of the elements
underlined in the following sentences. Justify your answer briefly.
(5%).
1. Yesterday was a holiday

2. Margaret smelled smoke in the kitchen.

3. The noise will upset the children.

(EL EJERCICIO 4 NO LEEMOS LO QUE PONE)

5.- MODALITY. Identify the semantic subcategory of the underlined


modals. Justify your answer briefly. (5%)

1. They have announced storms, so the sea could be very rough


today.

2. You should only work with copies of this disc, not with the
original.

3. All he would do was sit in a corner and read. Thats how he spent
his days.

4. There must be some mistakes! Im sure the result was 159 and
not 153.

5. Ill help you clean up the mess after the party.


6. Identify the dependent clauses in the following sentences by
placing them between square brackets. Decide whether they
are nominal, adverbial, relative or noun complement clauses,
say whether they are finite or non-finite, and grammatical
function of the clause. If ADVERBIAL, say what meaning is
conveyed. (8%)

1. Ill find out whether there is any trouble with my new


passport.

2. We cannot assume that the situation will be solved by that


office.

3. I dont know what to do right now.

4. What I would really like to do is a trip to Thailand.

5. Entering Romania is entering a nightmare.

6. You requested me to check the timetable.

7. If the train is late, theyll miss their connection.


8. Well have a barbecue on Saturday to celebrate our 20th
anniversary.

7. COHESION: Identify the cohesive devices present in the following


sentences: (5%)

1. According to Roman law, no one could beat arms except


those entitled to do so, the only exception being hunting
weapons.

2. The appearance of later stages is usually a development


from earlier ones using the same components, and not a
radical replacement.

3. Simple matrices similar to those employed to good effect


in many of the studies described in this book can also be of
benefit.

4. Harris and South Uist are so moist that even in summer


(April-September) there is a PWS of over 500mm. This
related to the fact that rainfall increases with altitude.

5. The results of the tests show that there are still substantial
levels of discrimination and that levels of discrimination
against Indians, Pakistanis and West Indians are much the
same.