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MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE SPECIALIZED ENGLISH COURSE

2. SLTDTNG TYPE (PLAIN) BEARINGS


The simplest of the two types bearings is the sliding type. lt is also called a fric:tion,
guide or plain bearing.

There are three types of sliding


NRE PUMP
bearings in use. Figure 2 illustrates

a reciprocal motion bearing. The


reciprocal motion bearing at the top of the PumP
guide bearing
cylinder guides the piston rod as it
cylinder " piston rod
is moved in and out of the cylinder.
piston
Although this is a simple usage,
more complex units operate in the

same way.

Figure 2.- Reciprocal motion sliding type bearing

Figure 3 illustrates the second type of sliding bearings. They are iournal bearings or

bushings. A journalbearing guides and supports rotatings shafts. Figure 3a shows the three

main friction points where these bearings are used on a piston-connecting rod-crank pin

unit; (1), where the connecting rod is attached to the crank pin; (2), where the other end of
the connecting rod is attached to the piston pin;and (3) and (4), where the piston pin passes

through the sides of the piston. Figure 3b shows an enlarged view of these parts. Bearing
(1), the journal bearing for the crank pin, is made in two pieces. After the bearing halves

have been put on the crank pin, the connecting rod is put over it and bolted together. Bearing
(2) is in the form of a bushing. lt is inserted in the hole at the end of the connecting rod and

then the piston pin is inserted through the bushing. Bearings (3) and (4) are in the form of
bushings which are slipped over the ends of the piston pin to support it in the holes in the

piston. ln each case the journal bearings are put between the one rotating or moving part

and the other part.


MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE SPECIALIZED ENGLISH COURSE

2. SLIDING TYPE (PLAIN) BEARNGS


The simplest of the two pes bearings is the sliding type. lt is also called a fnc::n'
guide or plain bearing.

There are three types of sli: -,;


TIRE PUMP
bearings in use. Figure 2 illuslrap:

a reciprocal motion bearing "e


reciprocal motion bearing at the top of the p--:
guide bearing
cylinder guides the piston rcr 3: -
cylinder ' piston rod
is moved in and out of the cyl ':er
piston
Although this is a simple uSa=-16

more complex units operate ' :*


same way.

Figure 2.- Reciprocal motion sliding type bearing

Figure 3 illustrates the second type of sliding bearings. They are journal bearing; -

bushings. A journal bearing guides and supports rotatings shafts. Figure 3a shows the l- -:*

main friction points where these bearings are used on a piston-conneclng rod-cran. : -

unit; (1), where the connecting rod is aached to the crank pin; (2), where the other e-: :'
the connecting rod is attached to the piston pin; and (3) and (4), where the piston pin pas;*:
-,1
through the sides of the pston. Figure 3b shows an enlarged view of these parts. Bea-
(1), the journal bearing for the crank pin, is made in two pieces. After the bearing l'a ,=:

have been put on the crank pin, the connecting rod is put over it and bolted together. Bea- -:
(2) is in the form of a bushing. lt is inserted in the hole at the end of the connecting rcc i-,:
then the piston pin is inserled through the bushing. Bearings (3) and (4) are in the fo.- :-
bushings which are slipped over the ends of the piston pin to support it in the holes - :-e

piston. ln each case the journal bearings are put between the one rotating or movin_: :=-
and the other part.
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ENGLISH COURSE
MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE SPECIALZED

journal bearing

4.' Radia! load Figure 5.- Thrust load


Figure
ffigsreceivearadialtoad.fhepreSsureorloadonthebearingi
toward the center of the shaft or pin in line
tTtii-i,?J
with the radius' * :llq:f,1,Ii
used, the drill b
,:ffiil:; '.. support thiusttlalsas in rigure s. when a drillis
drilled, this puts pressure in line with th
is pushed against the material that is being
lengthoftheshaft.rrlisaxla/pressureiscalledthrust.Bearingsthatresistthispressut
and limit axial movement are called thrust
beaings.lt is often necessary to use bo'
same shaft' s
radial load journal bearings and axial load thrust bearings on the
figure 6.

support
jnurnal
shaft collar

axialrnst f.T)

Figure 6 Use of thrust and fournal bearings


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MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE SPECIALIZED ENGLISH COURSE

4. The two basic types of bearings are (plain) bearings and


bearings.

5. Look at figure 2. Write Your


answers in the sPaces
provided.
The toolshown in figure 2 is
a pump.
It is used to inflate

a indicates the

b indicates the

indicates the

indicates the

e indicates the Frgure z

Bearing e is a motion It guides the


rod (g! when it is raised and lowered.

6. Bearings that support and guide revolving shafts are called


bearings. Some of them are made in pieces or halves.
Others, called are made in the shape of a ring. Journal
are inserted between the parts.

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