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Contents
1Introduction
1.1BasicConceptsinMechanics
1.1.1Whatisforce?
1.1.2Whatisstress?
1.1.3Whatisdisplacement?
1.1.4Whatisstrain?
1.2BasicEquationsinMechanics
1.2.1Equilibriumequations
1.2.2StrainDisplacementrelation
1.2.3Compatibilityequation
1.2.4Constitutiverelation
1.3ClassificationoftheResponseofMaterials
1.3.1Nondissipativeresponse
1.3.2Dissipativeresponse
1.4SolutiontoBoundaryValueProblems
1.4.1Displacementmethod
1.4.2Stressmethod
1.4.3Semiinversemethod
1.5Summary
2MathematicalPreliminaries
2.1Overview
2.2Algebraofvectors
2.3Algebraofsecondordertensors
2.3.1Orthogonaltensor
2.3.2Symmetricandskewtensors
2.3.3Projectiontensor
2.3.4Sphericalanddeviatorictensors
2.3.5PolarDecompositiontheorem
2.4Algebraoffourthordertensors
2.4.1Alternaterepresentationfortensors
2.5Eigenvalues,eigenvectorsoftensors
2.5.1Squareroottheorem
2.6Transformationlaws
2.6.1Vectorialtransformationlaw
2.6.2Tensorialtransformationlaw
2.6.3Isotropictensors
2.7Scalar,vector,tensorfunctions
2.8Gradientsandrelatedoperators
2.9Integraltheorems
2.9.1Divergencetheorem
2.9.2Stokestheorem
2.9.3Greenstheorem
2.10Summary
2.11SelfEvaluation
3Kinematics
3.1Overview
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3.2Body

3.3DeformationGradient

3.4LagrangianandEuleriandescription
3.5Displacement,velocityandacceleration
3.5.1Gradientofdisplacement
3.5.2Example

3.6Transformationofcurves,surfacesandvolume
3.6.1Transformationofcurves
3.6.2Transformationofareas
3.6.3Transformationofvolumes
3.7Propertiesofthedeformationtensors
3.8StrainTensors

3.9Normalandshearstrain
3.9.1Normalstrain
3.9.2Principalstrain
3.9.3Shearstrain

3.9.4Transformationoflinearizedstraintensor
3.10HomogeneousMotions
3.10.1RigidbodyMotion
3.10.2Uniaxialorequibiaxialmotion
3.10.3Isochoricmotions
3.11Compatibilitycondition
3.12Summary
3.13SelfEvaluation

4TractionandStress

4.1Overview

4.2Tractionvectorsandstresstensors
4.2.1Cauchystresstheorem
4.2.2ComponentsofCauchystress
4.3Normalandshearstresses
4.4Principalstressesanddirections
4.4.1Maximumandminimumnormaltraction
4.4.2Maximumandminimumsheartraction
4.5StressesonaOctahedralplane
4.6Examplesofstateofstress
4.7Otherstressmeasures

4.7.1PiolaKirchhoffstresstensors
4.7.2Kirchhoff,BiotandMandelstressmeasures
4.8Summary

4.9SelfEvaluation

5BalanceLaws

5.1Overview
5.2System

5.3ConservationofMass
5.4Conservationofmomentum
5.4.1Conservationoflinearmomentum
5.4.2Conservationofangularmomentum
5.5Summary

5.6SelfEvaluation

6ConstitutiveRelations

6.1Overview

6.2Definitionofelasticprocess
6.3Restrictionsonconstitutiverelation
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6.3Restrictionsonconstitutiverelation
6.3.1Restrictionsduetoobjectivity
6.3.2RestrictionsduetoMaterialSymmetry
6.4IsotropicHookeslaw
6.5Materialparameters

6.5.1YoungsmodulusandPoissonsratio
6.5.2ShearModulus
6.5.3BulkModulus

6.6Restrictiononmaterialparameters
6.7Internallyconstraintmaterials
6.7.1Incompressiblematerials
6.8OrthotropicHookeslaw
6.9Summary

6.10SelfEvaluation

7BoundaryValueProblem:Formulation

7.1Overview

7.2Formulationofboundaryvalueproblem
7.3Techniquestosolveboundaryvalueproblems
7.3.1Displacementmethod
7.3.2Stressmethod
7.4Illustrativeexample

7.4.1Inflationofanannularcylinder
7.4.2Uniaxialtensileloadingofaplatewithahole
7.5Generalresults

7.5.1Uniquenessofsolution
7.5.2Principleofsuperposition
7.6Summary

7.7SelfEvaluation

8BendingofPrismaticStraightBeams

8.1Overview

8.2Symmetricalbending

8.2.1Strengthofmaterialssolution
8.2.22DElasticitysolution
8.3Asymmetricalbending
8.4Shearcenter

8.4.1Illustrativeexamples
8.5Summary

8.6SelfEvaluation

9EndTorsionofPrismaticBars

9.1Overview

9.2Twistingofthickwalledclosedsection
9.2.1Circularbar

9.3Twistingofsolidopensection
9.3.1Solidellipticalsection
9.3.2Solidrectangularsection
9.3.3Thinrolledsection
9.3.4Triangularcrosssection
9.4Twistingofhollowsection
9.4.1Hollowellipticalsection
9.4.2Thinwalledtubes
9.5Summary

9.6SelfEvaluation

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10BendingofCurvedBeams

10.1Overview

10.2WinklerBachformulaforcurvedbeams
10.32DElasticitysolutionforcurvedbeams
10.3.1Purebending

10.3.2Curvedcantileverbeamunderendload
10.4Summary

10.5SelfEvaluation

11BeamonElasticFoundation

11.1Overview

11.2Generalformulation

11.3Example1:Pointload

11.4Example2:Concentratedmoment

11.5Example3:Uniformlydistributedload
11.6Summary

11.7SelfEvaluation

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