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Professional Training and Consultation

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API 510 Preparatory

DAILY POINTS TO RECALL (DAY 2)

1. Hydro-Test is Standard Pressure test on Completed Vessels.


Hyd. Test Pr. = 1.3 x MAWP x stress ratio
Min. Insp. Pressure (hydro) = test pr. / 1.3
Min. Test temp. = MDMT + 30F (recommended)
Max. Inspection temp. = 120 deg. F

2. Pneumatic test is performed if Hydro is not possible due to design


or process reasons. Prior to the test, NDT as per UW-50 is
mandatory. Pneumatic Test pr = 1.1 x MAWP x Stress ratio,
Pressure should be increased in steps (Total 6).

1st step 50% of Test pressure


2nd to 6 step 10% of Test Pr. Insp. Pr. (pneumatic) = Test pr. /1.1

3. Pressure Gauge range should be about twice the Test Pressure,


However, in any case it shall not be lower than 1.5 times and not
higher than 4 times the Test Pressure.

4. Vessel MAWP represents the Maximum Safe Pressure holding capacity


of the vessel. Vessel MAWP is measured at top-most point. And is
lowest of vessel part MAWPs adjusted for static pressure of liquid.

5. For vertical vessels, Hydrostatic pressure due to liquid with specific


gravity =1
1 ft of height = 0.433 psig.

6. Total pressure at any point of Vertical vessel is given by:


Total Pr. = Vessel MAWP + h x 0.433.
(h = height from top in ft.)

7. If part MAWP and elevations are known, Vessel MAWP can be


calculated by the deducting hydrostatic pressure from part MAWP.

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Professional Training and Consultation
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API 510 Preparatory

DAILY POINTS TO RECALL (DAY 2)

8. External Pressure analysis is required when vessels are operating


under vacuum or they jacketed type.

9. Ext. pressure is worked out on basis of Geometric factor A (which


depends on L/Do and Do/t ratios) and factor B ( depends on A, )

4B
Allowable Ext. Pressure, Pa = 3 Do / t

10. For values of A falling to left of material line in the material chart,
2 AE
Pa = 3( Do / t )

11. Name plate shows The Code stamping, MAWP, design temp.,
MDMT, and Extent of Radiography.

12. For the impact test requirement, use UCS 66 curve. If MDMT-
thickness combination falls on or above the curve, impact testing is
exempted. Additional Exemptions are given as per UG-20(f) and
UCS 68 (c).

13. ASME materials (SA) shall be used for code stamped vessel
fabrication instead of ASTM (A) materials.

/conversion/tmp/scratch/358542942.doc
6/21/2017 / 3:48:07 AM / NCD