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Release Note

Release Date : July. 2014


Product Ver. : Civil 2015 (v1.1)

DESIGN OF CIVIL STRUCTURES


Int e g r at e d S ol ut io n S ys t e m fo r Br id g e a nd C iv il E ng ine e r ing
Enhancements
Analysis & Design 3
(1) Steel Composite Girder Design as per AASHTO LRFD 2007, 2012
(2) Load Combinations for Composite Steel Girder as per AASHTO LRFD 2007, 2012
(3) Composite Steel Bridge Load Rating as per AASHTO LRFR 2011
(4) PSC Composite Girder Design as per EN1992-2:2005
(5) Addition of Multiple Erection Load Cases in Construction Stage Analysis Control
(6) Update Long-term Boundary Group in Composite Section for Construction Stage
(7) Wave Loads
(8) Construction Stage Analysis considering Camber
(9) Damping Constant in Spring Supports
(10) Cracked Section Stress in GSD

Pre & Post-Processing 14


(1) Revit 2014 Interface
(2) Improvements on Composite Section Properties
(3) Addition of UK DB Sections for PSC Value Type
(4) Improvements on Tendon Template Wizard
(5) Improvements on SPC for Quick Generation
(6) Displacements according to Node Local Axis
(7) Improvements on Dialog Boxes to be more User Friendly using 1024*768 Resolution
(8) Addition of Group Column in Elastic Link Result Table
(9) Unit Option for Tables and Graphs in Dynamic Report
Civil 2015 Analysis & Design Civil 2015 V1.1 Rel ease Note

1. Steel Composite Girder Design as per AASHTO LRFD 2007, 2012


Straight or curved steel composite bridge design for I, Tub and Box sections as per AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications is now available.
Long term effects can be simulated using modular ratio (n) or time dependent material definition.
Both composite steel bridge models with and without construction stages are supported in Composite Steel Girder Design.
Design forces or moments classified as Dead(Before Composite), Dead (After Composite) and Short Term loads can be seen in Design Force/Moment table.
Design results are available in tabular and excel format for Strength Limit State (Flexure & Shear resistance), Service Limit State, Fatigue Limit State, Constructibility(Flexure &
Shear resistance), Shear Connector, Transverse and Longitudinal Stiffener.
All design results along with the formula used and their reference clauses from the code are available in the Excel report for all the design output positions chosen bythe user.
Span Checking table is available for each span showing the most critical member in the entire span.
Total Checking table is available for viewing the design results for each and every design member.
Design Result Diagram is available for forces and stresses.

Design > Composite Design > AASHTO-LRFD 07,12

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2. Load Combinations for Composite Steel Girder as per AASHTO LRFD 2007, 2012
Composite Steel Girder Design load combination tab is applicable for steel composite b ridge design as per AASHTO LRFD 07 and 12.
Auto generation of load combinations under this tab is supported for AASHTO-LRFD 07 and 12. Load Comb ination Type under Design > Composite Design menu is automatically
specified when [Auto Generation] function is used. When the load combinations are manually entered, the user has to specify the load combination type for performing composite
design.
Load combinations in Composite Steel Girder Design tab are applicable only to Steel Composite Design function. They are not applicable to the general result functions (ex. Results
> Reactions, Deformations, Forces, and Stresses).
In Composite Steel Girder Design tab, Dead Load(CS) is used for defining load factor of before composite dead load case. For the dead loads after composite action, the user has to
specify Erection Load cases in Construction Stage Analysis Control dialog box.
Results > Load Combination

Loa d Combination Type

Loa d Combinations

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3. Composite Steel Bridge Load Rating as per AASHTO LRFR 2011


Steel Composite Bridge Load Rating as per Manual for Bridge Evaluation, Second Edition, 2011 is newly implemented. Strength, Service and Fatigue Limit State Rating Cases are
supported for Steel Bridge Load Rating. Design Live Load, Legal Load and Permit Load evaluation live load models are supported.
Adjustment factor resulting from the comparison of measured test behavior with the analytical model can be considered to calculate the load-rating factor based on the test result.
Member resistances and allowable stresses complywith AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Sixth Edition, 2012.
Results are available in tabular and excel format for Strength Rating (Flexure & Shear), Steel Stress Rating and Fatigue Rating.
Excel report displays the detailed results for all the design output positions chosen by the user. It also displays the Load Rating Summary table which contains the information
about the most critical element along with the rating factor, weight in tonnage and safe load capacity of the bridge.
Design result diagram for forces and stress can be viewed.

Rating > Steel Bridge > AASHTO-LRFD 12

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4. PSC Composite Girder Design as per EN1992-2:2005


General type PSC composite section design (including manystandard PSC sections in value type DB) is now available as per EN1992-2:2005.
Composite section for construction stages considering time dependent material can be considered with consideration of tendons and reinforcement in each stage (before and after
composite effect). Composite infill sections are also supported.
Ultimate Limit State (Bending, Shear resistance) and Service Limit State (crack, decompression check) design is provided. All checks can be viewed in the Excel calculation report.
Design results can be checked in the result tables for strength (bending, shear) and stress under construction and service loads, and tendons. PSC result diagram for forces and
stress is also provided.

PSC > Eurocode2-2:05

PSC Design Result Diagram

PSC Design Pa rameter

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PSC Design Excel Report

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5. Addition of Multiple Erection Load Cases in Construction Stage Analysis Control


In midas Civil, the results of all the load cases except for Creep, Shrinkage and Relaxation of Tendons are lumped into CS: Dead Load. However we can select certain load cases
to be distinguished from the Dead Load and produce the results under CS: Erection Load.

In the previous version, only one erection load case was able to be defined. In the new version, up to 3 erection load cases can be defined.

This feature is very useful to distinguish Dead Load of Component (DC) and Dead Load of Wearing Surfaces (DW) for different load factors when generating load combinations as
per AASHTO LRFD.

Analysis > Construction Stage Analysis Control

Enter Erection
Load Case Name

Dea d Load of Component (DC) Dea d Load of Wearing Surfaces (DW)

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6. Update Long-term Boundary Group in Composite Section for Construction Stage


In midas Civil, creep and shrinkage effects can be simulated using Time Dependent Material Properties for accurate results. As an approximation, modular ratio (n) using Stiffness
Scale Factor boundary group can be applied for long-term effect. Once the user defines the ratio of Es/Ec(Creep) and Es/Ec(Shrinkage) in Section Properties dialog box, the
program automaticallygenerates Stiffness Scale Factor boundarygroups.

[Update Long Term] button is added to automaticallyactivate the long-term boundarygroups at the construction stages that concrete decks are activated.

Analysis > Construction Stage Analysis Control

Modular Ratio for


Long-term Effects

Automatic Generation
of Stiffness Scale Factor

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7. Wave Loads
Generate wave loads for static and time historyanalysis.

For static analysis, wave loads are generated as static nodal loads. For time history analysis, wave loads are generated as Dynamic Nodal Loads along with Time Forcing
Functions.

The program can validate the defined wave load data based on Dean(1970) Graph and Le Mehaute (1979) Graph.

Load > Settlement/Misc. > Wave Loads

Wave Load
Validation Check

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8. Construction Stage Analysis considering Camber


Displacements considering camber in the Global Z-axis can be calculated for each construction stage. Following options are provided for defining camber values:
Deformation Camber: Camber calculated from FCM Camb er and General Camber function is automaticallyentered.
Using Interpolation by Key Nodes Camber: Camber values are automatically calculated using parabolic curve equation by specifying start and end nodes with maximum
camber value.
User Defined Camber: Specify the camber value for each node separately.

Load > Construction Stage Loads > Camber for Construction Stage Displacement without
Results > Deformations > Deformed Shape / Displacement Contour considering Camber Displ. Option

Displacement with
considering Camber Displ. Option

FCM Ca mber Table Cons truction Stage Analysis Control Deformed Shape Dialog Box

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9. Damping Constant in Spring Supports Model > Boundaries > Point Spring Supports
Model > Boundaries > Surface Spring Supports
Damping coefficient can be specified in Point Spring Supports and
Surface Spring Supports.

In case of Surface Spring Supports, spring stiffness and damping


coefficient per unit area needs to be defined and the springs are automati
cally entered at each node represented by concentrated stiffness and da
mping constant. it is converted to the element support.

In case of Point Spring Supports, spring stiffness and damping coefficient


per unit length and unit angle needs to be defined.

Damping constant is applicable in Response Spectrum analysis and Time


History analysis.

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10. Cracked Section Stress in GSD


Cracked section stresses in the elastic behavior without and with axial force are calculated for RC and SRC members.

It is useful to check stress limitation under service limit state for the arbitrary sections and to calculate crack width using the stresses of reinforcement.

The effect of creep on the stresses is simplyconsidered byusing the user-defined ratio of modulus elasticityof reinforcement to concrete.

It is assumed that the tensile strength of concrete is zero. The neutral axis depth is determined using cracked transformed section approach.

Tools > General Section Designer


Cracked Elastic Behavior Cross Section Transformed Strain Stress
at Crack Section Distribution Distribution

Cra cked Section Stresses in midas GSD

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1. Revit 2014 Interface


Using Midas Link for Revit Structure, direct data transfer between midas Civil and Revit Structure is available for Bridge Information Modeling (BrIM) workflow. Midas Link for Revit
Structure enables us to directly transfer a Revit model data to midas Civil, and delivery back to the Revit model file. It is provided as an Add-In module in Revit Structure and midas
Civil text file (*.mct) is used for the roundtrip.

File > Import > midas Civil MCT File Functions Revit <> Civil
Structural Column <>
Beam <>
Linear Brace <>
Elements Curved Beam >
Beam System >
Truss >
Foundation Slab <>
Structural Floor <>
Planar Structural Wall <>
Elements Wall Opening & Window >
Door >
Vertical or Shaft Opening >
Offset >
Rigid Link >
Cross-Section Rotation >
End Release >
Boundary Isolated Foundation Support >
Point Boundary Condition >
Line Boundary Condition >
Wall Foundation >
Send Model to midas Ci vil
Area Boundary Condition >
Load Nature >
Load Case >
Load Combination >
Load
Hosted Point Load >
Hosted Line Load >
Hosted Area Load >
Other
Material <>
Parameters
Revi t 2014 Ci vi l 2015

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2. Improvements on Composite Section Properties


Composite Steel-Tub section type is newly added. In the previous version, the user needed to use Section Property Calculator(SPC) module to define the tub shape sections. In
the new version, the user can simplyspecifythe section dimension for tub section. This section is applicable for composite steel girder design as per AASHTO LRFD 07&12.

Longitudinal stiffeners can be defined in Section Properties dialog box. Flat, Tee, and U-Rib shape stiffeners are applicable. Toggle on C column in the table in order to consider
the longitudinal stiffeners in section stiffness calculation. Specified longitudinal stiffeners are applied in composite steel girder design as per AASHTO LRFD 07&12.

File > Import > midas Civil MCT File

Stiffener Type

Flat Tee U-Rib

Stiffener Position

Both Left Right

Longi tudinal Stiffener

Steel-Tub Composite Section

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3. Addition of UK DB Sections for PSC Value Type


Following section database of PSC Value type has been newly added: UK-UMB, UK-MY, UK-MYE, UK-Solid Box, UK-SYE, UK-T, UK-TYE(Rebate), UK-U_SU, UK-W.

These sections are applicable for PSC composite girder design as per EN1992-2.

Properties > Section Properties

PSC Section Database for Composite Sections

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4. Improvements on Tendon Template Wizard


Use tendon templates based on standard precast sections to automatically generate tendons in elements. It supports tendon positioning for all standard sections from the UK
database except for UK-UM.

In the previous version, Tendon Template Wizard was applicable onlyto the standard PSC DB sections. In the new version, it can be used with any type of sections.

Structure > PSC Bridge > Tendon Template

Tendon Template

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5. Improvements on SPC for Quick Generation


Quick generation wizard for PSC composite section is newly added in Section Property Calculator. Go to Model > Section > Composite Section > Quick Generation from the main
menu. Generated section can be directly saved as *.sec file format.

PSC composite sections generated in SPC can be imported as Composite-General type section in midas Civil for global analysis and PSC composite design as per EN1992-
2:2005.

Tools > Section Property Calculator

SPC

Section Properties i n midas Ci vil

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6. Displacements according to Node Local Axis


Where nodes are defined with local coordinate systems, displacements can be produced with respect to the local coordinate systems.

This feature is extremely useful to check the displacements at the bearing positions of the curved bridge.

Results > Deformations > Deformed Shape / Displacement Contour


Results > Results Tables > Displacements > Displacements(Local) tab

Node Local Axis Di s placements i n Node Local Axis

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7. Improvements on Dialog Boxes to be more User Friendly when using 1024*768 Resolution
Some dialog boxes can now be resized by hiding some of the information to better fit smaller resolution screens.

Load > Temp./Prestress > Tendon Profile


Load > Moving Load > Traffic Line Lanes

Tendon Profile Tra ffi c Line Lane

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8. Addition of Group Column in Elastic Link Result Table Result > Result Tables > Elastic Link
Boundary group of elastic links can be viewed in the result table along with link
forces.

9. Unit Option for Tables and Graphs in Dynamic Report


In the previous version, units of tables and graphs in the dynamic report were
always identical to the global unit system. In the new version, unit can be specified
by tables and graphs separately.

El a stic Link Result Table

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator

Ta bl e/Chart Unit Dialog Box

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