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UPSC IAS Exam: 2016 IUCN Red List of India


February 22, 2017

The IUCN list is an important list in the prelims point of view. UPSC has asked several questions from this area. The IUCN recently released
the IUCN red list 2016. AS UPSC has declared the dates for 2017 UPSC IAS Prelims exam, this topic is very important.

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India is a diverse nation with only 2.4% of the worlds land area. It accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, counting over 45,000 species of
plants and 91,000 species of animals. The globally identi ed four biodiversity hotspots in 34 hotspots are in India. They are The Himalayas,
the Western Ghats, the North-East, and the Nicobar Islands.

In 1969, India became a State Member of IUCN. The O ce of IUCN India located in New Delhi was established in 2007. The agency works
with Commissions and Members to lessen the destruction of habitat and species by providing the essential instruments and awareness to
preserve biodiversity and several associated issues etc.

About IUCN

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the leading international environmental organization. It was established in 1948.
It is headquartered in Geneva. The organization is funded by governments, member organizations bilateral and multilateral agencies, etc

Functions of IUCN

The IUCNs acknowledged endeavor is to help the world nd realistic elucidation to the most vital environment challenges. The mission of
IUCN is to persuade, promote and help societies to preserve the diversity of nature.

1. The aim is to protect the nature and sustainable utilization of natural resources.

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2. It also integrates matter of poverty alleviation, climatic change, biodiversity, and Gender equality
3. The IUCN publishes IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

IUCN Red list


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The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species was created in 1964. This is the worlds most inclusive record of the worldwide conservation status
of biological species. The Species are categorized into nine groups by the IUCN Red List

IUCN Category

Extinct A species becomes extinct when the last existing member of that family dies.

Extinct in wild Undoubtedly the last member has died but the captive member endures.

Critically endangered The critically endangered species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the immediate future.

Endangered The endangered species are the species which faces a high risk of extinction in the near future

vulnerable The vulnerable species facing the risk of extinction in the meium term future

Near threatened Close to qualifying among threatened species

Least concern Low risk to extinction

Data de cient Insu cient data to generate an analysis

Not evaluated Not assessed against criteria

Here we are giving the entire list of endangered species in India as per IUCN List. The list contains critically endangered, endangered and
vulnerable species. This is an important topic in upcoming UPSC civil services examination.

Sumatran Rhinoceros

Scienti c name: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis


The Sumatran Rhinoceros is listed as Critically Endangered under IUCN list

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These species are found in the foothills of the Himalayas in Bhutan and north-eastern India, all the way through southern China, Myanmar,
Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Borneo in Indonesia and the islands of Sumatra.
The chief threats to these species are poaching and reduced population feasibility. These animals were hunted for their horns, skin and for
some medicinal purposes.
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Kashmir stag

Scienti c name: Cervus canadensis hanglu


It is also called as hangul and it is the state animal of Kashmir.
These are found in the high altitude regions of Northern India and Pakistan. Now it has been seen only in Dachigam National Park in
Kashmir
The habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock, and poaching are the major threats faced by the Kashmir stag

Himalayan Brown or red Bear

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The Himalayan brown bear belongs to the list ofcritically endangered animals
It is also known as the Himalayan red bear, Isabelline bear etc
These are found in the Northern India, Northern Pakistan, Northern Afghanistan, Tibet and Nepal.
This Omnivorousandhibernate during the winter
The major threat was loss of appropriate habitat and unscienti c anthropogenic activities.

Pygmy Hog

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The Pygmy Hog is the smallest and the rarest wild squid in the world and listed them as Critically Endangered under IUCN list.
These species of pigs in the wild are seen in Manas National Park. Previously, they were extensively spread in the Himalayan foothills
extending from Uttar Pradesh to Assam.

Andaman White-toothed Shrew

Scienti c name: Crocidura andamanensis


The Andaman White-toothed Shrew is an endemic species of South Andaman Island.
This species is endangered by habitat destruction due to Tsunami and other anthropogenic activities on the island, except inside the
National Park.

Kondana Soft-furred Rat

Scienti c name:
The Kondana Soft-furred Rat is listed as the critically endangered species under IUCN.
It is an endemic species to India.
It is found in Singharh plateau near Pune in Maharashtra State.
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The main threats to these species are loss of habitat, overgrazing of vegetation and annoyance from archaeological site and tourists.
It is listed in the considered as vermin according to the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Elvira Rat or Large Rock Rat


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Scienti c name: Cremnomys Elvira


This species is considered as the listed as critically endangered under IUCN list.
These species are found in the Kurumbapatti, Salem District in Tamil Nadu. This region is located in the Eastern Ghats.
The major threats faced by theses species are loss of habitat due to mining, expansion of human settlement.

Namdapha Flying Squirrel

Scienti c name: Biswamoyopterus biswasi


This is species is listed as Critically Endangered under IUCN list.
The Namdapha Flying Squirrel found Namdapha National Park in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Poaching is the major threat faced by these animals. These animals are poached for food.

Malabar large-spotted civet

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Scienti c name: Viverra civettina


This species is listed as Critically Endangered under IUCN list
Malabar Civet is an endemic species found in the Western Ghats ofsouthernIndia.
The major threats faced by these species are poaching, loss of habitat etc. The Malabar Civet is used for the extraction of musk.

Red Panda

Scienti c name: Ailurus fulgens


The Read panda is listed as Endangered under IUCN as its population has declined up to 50%.
The red panda is found in particularly in along the Myanmar-Yunnan border, India, Nepal , Bhutan and China
These are closely connected with montane forests with thick bamboo forest.
The main problems faced by these species are destruction of habitat, poaching, and disintegration. These species are used for different
use including medicine, wild meat etc.
In India it is found in 19 protected or otherwise managed areas. This includes Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kanchendzonga National
Park (NP), Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary and Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary.

Wild ass

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Scienti c name: Equus hemionus


This species is evaluated as Near Threatened (NT). The population of wild ass has declined recently.
In ancient times the Wild Ass had been seen throughout the steppes and desert steppes of the Russian Federation, the Arabian Peninsula,
Mongolia, northwest India and northern China. But nowadays it is seen only in southern Mongolia and bordering China.
The major threats to Wild Asses shoot from the illegal hunting. These animals are hunted for meat and for some medicinal purposes.

Asiatic wild dog

Scienti c name: Cuon alpines


It is also called as the Dhole and Indian wild dog
Dholes which are habitation generalist have vanished from the surface of earth and list as endangered in IUCN list.
They are seen in particularly in the Western and Eastern Ghats of the southern states and Central Indian Highlands, Arunachal Pradesh,
Assam, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
They are killed for their fur and manufacturing the traditional medicines.

Brow-antlered deer

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Scienti c name: Rucervus eldii


It is also known as Elds Deer and Thamin
The species is listed as Endangered under IUCN list.
Previously, this species was extensively distributed across appropriate habitats of North eastern India, Myanmar, Thailand and Southeast
Asia.
Now it is found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur.
These animals are hunted for food and this is major threat for the existence of this species.

Golden Langur

Scienti c name: Trachypithecus geei


Listed as Endangered because of a serious population decline
The golden langur is seen in the moist evergreen and moist deciduous forests
The habitat loss and anthropogenic activities lead to the decline of the golden langur.

White-bellied Musk Deer

Scienti c name: Moschus leucogaster


It is also known in the name of Himalayan Musk deer.
This White-bellied Musk Deer are seen in the Kashmir, Sikkim, Bhutan, northern India, Nepal, and China
There is a high trade in Musk deer body parts, mainly pods into north east India and china. It also faces the problems like habitat loss due
to human settlement.

Hispid hare/ Assam rabbit

Scienti c name: Caprolagus hispidus


It is also known as Hispid Hare, Assam Rabbit, Bristly Rabbit
Formerly the Hispid hare was seen along the foothill area of the southern Himalayas from Uttar Pradesh through southern Nepal, the
northern area of West Bengal to Assam.
Presently it is seen irregularly in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal.
The major threat to this species is destruction of habitat happened due to the expansion of human development, agriculture etc.

Indian Hog deer

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Scienti c name: Axis porcinus


It is listed as Endangered under IUCN list
Hog Deer traditionally found in Pakistan, all the way through northern and northeastern India, and marginally in southern China

Lion-tailed macaque

Scienti c name: Macaca silenus


It is also called as Lion-tailed Macaque, Wanderoo, Liontail Macaque
This animal is endemic to the Western Ghats
The Lion tailed macaques prefer to stay in the higher canopy of tropical evergreen forest.
This listed as endangered species under IUCN list.
The main threat to this species is habitat disintegration due to human activities.

Tibetan Antelope

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Scienti c name: Pantholops hodgsonii


It is also called as Chiru
Formerly it was found in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Chang Tang area of north-western Tibet
These animals live in high altitude plains, and montane valleys comprising of alpine and desert steppe and pasture, distinguished by low
vegetation cover and productivity
The Tibetan antelope has been hunted for its under-fur and this is the major problem faced by this species.

Nilgiri Langur

Scienti c name: Trachypithecus johnii


It is listed as Vulnerable under IUCN list
The Nilgiri Langur are seen only in the Western Ghats in southwestern India
This species is found in semi-evergreen, evergreen, moist deciduous forests in the lower height.
This animal is hunted for its skin. The skin of Nilgiri langur is used for making drums.

Nilgiri Tahr

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Scienti c name: Nilgiritragus hylocrius


It is listed as endangered species.
The current distribution of the Nilgiri Tahr is restricted to just about 5% of the Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
The major threats faced by Nilgiri Tahr is chie y from domestic livestock. Apart from that the destruction of habitat also results in the
decline of their population.

Ganges River Dolphin / Indus River Dolphin

Scienti c name: Platanista gangetica


It is also known as Ganges Susu, Blind River Dolphin, South Asian River Dolphin and Ganges Dolphin.
These fresh water mammals are found in the Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra river systems of the India, Nepal, Tibet and Pakistan.
These shes are hunted locally for food, and to extract essential oil
Water development projects like dams, pollution, hunting shing are the major threat faced by these species.

Also Read

IUCN Red List of Vulnerable Mammals in India (http://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/iucn-red-list-2016-of-vulnerable-mammals)

IUCN Red List of Near Threatened Mammals in India (http://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/near-threatened-mammals-and-critically-endangered-reptiles)

IUCN Red List of Critically Endangered Birds (http://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/iucn-red-list-2016-of-critically-endangered-birds)

IUCN Red List of Critically Endangered and Endangered Fish in India (http://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/critically-endangered-and-endangered- sh)

IUCN Red List: Miscellaneous list (http://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/iucn-red-list-of-other-species)

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Tiger Conservation in India

Comprehensive News Analysis 22 February 2017

11 Comments Free IAS Prep


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Akshay Bhagwat 4 days ago


Isn't byju's the worst at every kind of study material?
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suresh prakash 17 days ago


Where are heron, terrapins etc.? It's an incomplete list.
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mentorias > suresh prakash a day ago


The list is updated, kindly check and if anything to be included, please leave your feedback
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bhairu lal gurjer a month ago


good list of iucn
Reply Share

mentorias > bhairu lal gurjer a day ago


Thanks, keep posting
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bhawna singh 3 months ago


incomplete list ..
Reply Share

Wolf > bhawna singh a month ago


Yes, it is incomplete!
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mentorias > Wolf a day ago


The list is updated, please check...........thanks for your feedback
Reply Share

Staunch Nationalist > Wolf 19 days ago


yes, where is favorite marine animal of UPSC : 'dugong dugong'
Reply Share

Samudra DebBarma > Staunch Nationalist 17 days ago


EN
And do Gangetic dolphins and shark too
Reply Share
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Kumar k 3 months ago


Thank you byjus for giving whole information in nutshell...
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